Abstract

Compressing picosecond laser pulses to the femtosecond level is an attractive shortcut for obtaining femtosecond laser pulses. However, dechirped pulses generated by nonlinear compression with self-phase modulation (SPM) show obvious pedestals, which are induced by nonlinear chirp accumulation in spectral broadening process and cannot be easily suppressed. Here, we report systematic numerical simulations and experimental studies on self-similar amplification of picosecond pulses in a short gain fiber for obtaining ~100-fs laser pulses with nearly transform-limited (TL) temporal quality. It is demonstrated that self-similar amplification with picosecond seed pulses is only sensitive to pulse duration and pulse energy. Based on this optimization guideline, we built a compact self-similar amplification fiber system with a picosecond fiber laser as the seed source. This system outputs 66-fs pulses with 6.1-W average power at a repetition rate of 30 MHz. Due to the linear chirp produced in self-similar evolution process, compressed pulses show nearly TL temporal quality. It promises an efficient way of obtaining high-quality femtosecond laser pulses from a picosecond laser source.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (1)

2016 (1)

2014 (1)

2013 (5)

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2007 (3)

S. Wabnitz, “Analytical dynamics of parabolic pulses in nonlinear optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(7), 507–509 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. M. Dudley, C. Finot, D. J. Richardson, and G. Millot, “Self-similarity in ultrafast nonlinear optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(9), 597–603 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser with pulse energy above 20 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2408–2410 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

H. Lim, F. Ö. Ilday, and F. W. Wise, “Generation of 2-nJ pulses from a femtosecond ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28(8), 660–662 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ilday, J. Buckley, L. Kuznetsova, and F. Wise, “Generation of 36-femtosecond pulses from a ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Express 11(26), 3550–3554 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

Y. Matsui, M. D. Pelusi, and A. Suzuki, “Generation of 20-fs optical pulses from a gain-switched laser diode by a four-stage soliton compression technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(10), 1217–1219 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

H. Ohta and T. Oki, “310-femtosecond optical pulse generation from a gain-switched laser diode using soliton compression,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33(Part 2, No. 11B), L1604–L1606 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1393 (1992).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

1983 (2)

B. Nikolaus and D. Grischkowsky, “12× pulse compression using optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42(1), 1–2 (1983).
[Crossref]

B. Nikolaus and D. Grischkowsky, “90‐fs tunable optical pulses obtained by two‐stage pulse compression,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 43(3), 228–230 (1983).
[Crossref]

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baer, C. R. E.

Benabid, F.

Buckley, J.

Buckley, J. R.

Chai, L.

Cheng, Y.

Chien, C.-Y.

Chong, A.

Clarkson, W. A.

Danilevicius, R.

Deng, Y.

Doran, N. J.

Dudley, J. M.

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fidric, B. G.

Finot, C.

Fu, W.

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grischkowsky, D.

B. Nikolaus and D. Grischkowsky, “12× pulse compression using optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42(1), 1–2 (1983).
[Crossref]

B. Nikolaus and D. Grischkowsky, “90‐fs tunable optical pulses obtained by two‐stage pulse compression,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 43(3), 228–230 (1983).
[Crossref]

Grudinin, A.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gu, C.

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Harvey, J. D.

Heckl, O. H.

Holtom, G. R.

Hu, M.

Ilday, F.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Jauregui, C.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kafka, J. D.

Keller, U.

Kieu, K.

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kruglov, V. I.

Kuznetsova, L.

Lehneis, R.

Lim, H.

Limpert, J.

Liu, B.

Matsas, V. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1393 (1992).
[Crossref]

Matsui, Y.

Y. Matsui, M. D. Pelusi, and A. Suzuki, “Generation of 20-fs optical pulses from a gain-switched laser diode by a four-stage soliton compression technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(10), 1217–1219 (1999).
[Crossref]

Millot, G.

J. M. Dudley, C. Finot, D. J. Richardson, and G. Millot, “Self-similarity in ultrafast nonlinear optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(9), 597–603 (2007).
[Crossref]

Müller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Newson, T. P.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1393 (1992).
[Crossref]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nikolaus, B.

B. Nikolaus and D. Grischkowsky, “90‐fs tunable optical pulses obtained by two‐stage pulse compression,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 43(3), 228–230 (1983).
[Crossref]

B. Nikolaus and D. Grischkowsky, “12× pulse compression using optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42(1), 1–2 (1983).
[Crossref]

Nilsson, J.

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), B63–B92 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ohta, H.

H. Ohta and T. Oki, “310-femtosecond optical pulse generation from a gain-switched laser diode using soliton compression,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33(Part 2, No. 11B), L1604–L1606 (1994).
[Crossref]

Okhotnikov, O.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[Crossref]

Oki, T.

H. Ohta and T. Oki, “310-femtosecond optical pulse generation from a gain-switched laser diode using soliton compression,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33(Part 2, No. 11B), L1604–L1606 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parmigiani, F.

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

Payne, D. N.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1393 (1992).
[Crossref]

Peacock, A. C.

Pelusi, M. D.

Y. Matsui, M. D. Pelusi, and A. Suzuki, “Generation of 20-fs optical pulses from a gain-switched laser diode by a four-stage soliton compression technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(10), 1217–1219 (1999).
[Crossref]

Pessa, M.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[Crossref]

Petropoulos, P.

Pierrot, S.

Qian, C.

Regelskis, K.

Renninger, W.

Renninger, W. H.

Richardson, D.

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), B63–B92 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. M. Dudley, C. Finot, D. J. Richardson, and G. Millot, “Self-similarity in ultrafast nonlinear optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(9), 597–603 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1393 (1992).
[Crossref]

Rudolph, W.

Rusteika, N.

Saar, B. G.

Salin, F.

Saraceno, C. J.

Schimpf, D. N.

Seise, E.

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Y.

Sosnowski, T.

Steinmetz, A.

Südmeyer, T.

Suzuki, A.

Y. Matsui, M. D. Pelusi, and A. Suzuki, “Generation of 20-fs optical pulses from a gain-switched laser diode by a four-stage soliton compression technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(10), 1217–1219 (1999).
[Crossref]

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Viskontas, K.

Wabnitz, S.

S. Wabnitz, “Analytical dynamics of parabolic pulses in nonlinear optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(7), 507–509 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Wang, S.

Wang, Y. Y.

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

Wood, D.

Wright, L. G.

Xie, X. S.

Želudevicius, J.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

B. Nikolaus and D. Grischkowsky, “12× pulse compression using optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42(1), 1–2 (1983).
[Crossref]

B. Nikolaus and D. Grischkowsky, “90‐fs tunable optical pulses obtained by two‐stage pulse compression,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 43(3), 228–230 (1983).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1393 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

S. Wabnitz, “Analytical dynamics of parabolic pulses in nonlinear optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(7), 507–509 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Matsui, M. D. Pelusi, and A. Suzuki, “Generation of 20-fs optical pulses from a gain-switched laser diode by a four-stage soliton compression technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(10), 1217–1219 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Ohta and T. Oki, “310-femtosecond optical pulse generation from a gain-switched laser diode using soliton compression,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33(Part 2, No. 11B), L1604–L1606 (1994).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, C. Finot, D. J. Richardson, and G. Millot, “Self-similarity in ultrafast nonlinear optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(9), 597–603 (2007).
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New J. Phys. (1)

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
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Opt. Express (8)

F. Ilday, J. Buckley, L. Kuznetsova, and F. Wise, “Generation of 36-femtosecond pulses from a ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Express 11(26), 3550–3554 (2003).
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A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, and F. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10095–10100 (2006).
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J. Želudevičius, R. Danilevičius, K. Viskontas, N. Rusteika, and K. Regelskis, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system based on picosecond master oscillator and power amplifier with CCC fiber,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5338–5345 (2013).
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S. Pierrot and F. Salin, “Amplification and compression of temporally shaped picosecond pulses in Yb-doped rod-type fibers,” Opt. Express 21(17), 20484–20496 (2013).
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O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, Y. Y. Wang, Y. Cheng, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “Temporal pulse compression in a xenon-filled Kagome-type hollow-core photonic crystal fiber at high average power,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19142–19149 (2011).
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C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Pulse compression of a high-power thin disk laser using rod-type fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1395–1407 (2011).
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D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Self-phase modulation compensated by positive dispersion in chirped-pulse systems,” Opt. Express 17(7), 4997–5007 (2009).
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C. Finot, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. Richardson, “Parabolic pulse evolution in normally dispersive fiber amplifiers preceding the similariton formation regime,” Opt. Express 14(8), 3161–3170 (2006).
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S. Wang, B. Liu, C. Gu, Y. Song, C. Qian, M. Hu, L. Chai, and C. Wang, “Self-similar evolution in a short fiber amplifier through nonlinear pulse preshaping,” Opt. Lett. 38(3), 296–298 (2013).
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R. Lehneis, A. Steinmetz, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “All-fiber pulse shortening of passively Q-switched microchip laser pulses down to sub-200 fs,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5806–5809 (2014).
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K. Kieu, B. G. Saar, G. R. Holtom, X. S. Xie, and F. W. Wise, “High-power picosecond fiber source for coherent Raman microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2051–2053 (2009).
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A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser with pulse energy above 20 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2408–2410 (2007).
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Optica (1)

Science (1)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 M-factors versus pre-chirping GDD and bandwidth of seed pulses. The dash lines represent pulse duration contours.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Evolution of (a) bandwidth and (b) pulse duration, along the gain fiber; (c) M-factor and Strehl-ratio versus chirp with fixed pulse duration of 1.8 ps, 2.0 ps and 2.2 ps; (d) Pulse profiles after compression with fixed seed pulse duration of 2 ps and different pre-chirping GDD; insets: pulse profiles (left) and spectra (right) at the output of amplifier.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 M-factors versus energy and duration of seed pulses. Black diamonds present optimum seed pulse energy for different seed pulse duration. The yellow line is a fit of the black diamonds.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental setup for verification, and the spectrum of femtosecond laser system (inset). PBS: Polarization Beam Splitter, HWP: Half Wave Plate, DM: Dichroic Mirror and LD: Laser Diode.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Spectra and auto-correlation traces (inset) of seed pulses with fixed pulse duration of 2 ps and different bandwidth; (b) Retrieved pulse profiles and auto-correlation traces after compression.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Retrieved pulse profiles and auto-correlation traces (inset) of (a) different seed pulse energy and (b) different seed pulse duration.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Experimental setup of picosecond pulse self-similar amplification system; WDM: Wavelength Division Multiplexer, ISO: Isolator and FBG: Fiber Chirped Grating; (b) Spectrum and compressed auto-correlation trace (inset) of the picosecond laser source; retrieved pulse profiles, spectra (inset) and auto-correlation traces (inset) at output powers of (c) 4.6 W and (d) 6.1 W.

Equations (3)

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M 2 = ( | A | 2 | A pa | 2 ) 2 dt | A | 4 dt
SR= 1/ | A | 2 dt 1/ | A TL | 2 dt
U 0 = g 2 T 0 3 27γ β 2 2

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