Abstract

The laser ranging interferometer (LRI) on board of the GRACE follow-on spacecraft, launched in May 2018, is the first laser interferometer to perform an inter-satellite range measurement. It is designed for ranging noise levels of 80 nm Hz−1/2 for frequencies above 20 mHz, i.e., about a ten-fold improvement with respect to the GRACE follow-on main microwave ranging instrument. One of the most critical steps during the commissioning phase of the instrument is the so-called initial line of sight calibration procedure (or initial acquisition). This process is required to quantify large uncertainties with respect to laser beam pointing angles and laser frequency, which must be known to establish the interferometer link. It is a nine hour scan of five degrees of freedom, which all need to match simultaneously at least once. Here we report on laboratory tests to further validate the calibration procedure using a mock-up LRI and a set-up, the so-called laser link simulator, that creates conditions similar to those with ~220 km distance between the SC. The experiments presented here made use of LRI-like hardware and software and were carried out recreating critical conditions such as received laser powers on the pico-Watt level and their dependence on the SC misalignments, flat-top beams as receiving beams and Doppler frequency shifts. Several configurations were tested, including a full line of sight calibration with angular scans in both mock-up SC and frequency scan in one of the lasers. Results are well in agreement with the expectations and confirm, well before the LRI commissioning phase, the robustness of the procedure under realistic conditions, which had not yet been fully tested experimentally.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (3)

2015 (1)

2014 (4)

D. Schütze, D. Farrant, D. A. Shaddock, B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, and K. Danzmann, “Measuring coalignment of retroreflectors with large lateral incoming-outgoing beam offset,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 035103 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. T. Hyde, P. G. Maghami, and S. M. Merkowitz, “Pointing acquisition and performance for the laser interferometry space antenna mission,” Class. Quantum Grav. 21, 635–640 (2014.)
[Crossref]

D. M. R. Wuchenich, C. Mahrdt, B. S. Sheard, S. Francis, R. Spero, J. Miller, C. Mow-Lowry, R. Ward, W. M. Klipstein, G. Heinzel, K. Danzmann, D. McClelland, and D. A. Shaddock, “Laser link acquisition demonstration for the GRACE Follow-On mission,” Opt. Express 22, 11351–11366 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schütze, G. Stede, V. Müller, O. Gerberding, T. Bandikova, B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, and K. Danzmann, “Laser beam steering for GRACE Follow-On intersatellite interferometry,” Opt. Express 22, 24117–24132 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, K. Danzmann, D. A. Shaddock, W. M. Klipstein, and W. M. Folkner, “Intersatellite laser ranging instrument for the GRACE Follow-On mission,” J. Geod. 86, 1083–1095 (2012.)
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

P. G. Maghami, T. T. Hyde, and J. Kim, “An acquisition control for the laser interferometer space antenna,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, 421–428 (2005.)
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, M. Watkins, and C. Reigber, “The gravity recovery and climate experiment: mission overview and early results,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L09607 (2004.)
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

Abich, K.

Anderson, D. Z.

Armano, M.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Bachman, B.

B. Bachman, G. de Vine, J. Dickson, S. Dubovitsky, J. Liu, W. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, A. Sutton, B. Ware, and C. Woodruff,“Flight phasemeter on the laser ranging interferometer on the GRACE Follow-On mission,” IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 840, 012011 (2017.)
[Crossref]

Bandikova, T.

Benedetti, M.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Bettadpur, S.

B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, M. Watkins, and C. Reigber, “The gravity recovery and climate experiment: mission overview and early results,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L09607 (2004.)
[Crossref]

Bogenstahl, J.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Bortoluzzi, D.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Bosetti, P.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Brandt, N.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Brause, N. C.

N. C. Brause, “Auxiliary function development for the LISA metrology system,” PhD Thesis, Leibniz UniversitätHannover (2018.)

Braxmaier, C.

Cavalleri, A.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Ciani, G.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Cristofolini, I.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Cruise, A. M.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Dahl, C.

Danzmann, K.

D. Schütze, G. Stede, V. Müller, O. Gerberding, T. Bandikova, B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, and K. Danzmann, “Laser beam steering for GRACE Follow-On intersatellite interferometry,” Opt. Express 22, 24117–24132 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. M. R. Wuchenich, C. Mahrdt, B. S. Sheard, S. Francis, R. Spero, J. Miller, C. Mow-Lowry, R. Ward, W. M. Klipstein, G. Heinzel, K. Danzmann, D. McClelland, and D. A. Shaddock, “Laser link acquisition demonstration for the GRACE Follow-On mission,” Opt. Express 22, 11351–11366 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schütze, D. Farrant, D. A. Shaddock, B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, and K. Danzmann, “Measuring coalignment of retroreflectors with large lateral incoming-outgoing beam offset,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 035103 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, K. Danzmann, D. A. Shaddock, W. M. Klipstein, and W. M. Folkner, “Intersatellite laser ranging instrument for the GRACE Follow-On mission,” J. Geod. 86, 1083–1095 (2012.)
[Crossref]

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

de Vine, G.

B. Bachman, G. de Vine, J. Dickson, S. Dubovitsky, J. Liu, W. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, A. Sutton, B. Ware, and C. Woodruff,“Flight phasemeter on the laser ranging interferometer on the GRACE Follow-On mission,” IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 840, 012011 (2017.)
[Crossref]

deVine, G.

R. Thompson, W. M. Folkner, G. deVine, W. M. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, N. Yu, M. Stephens, J. Leitch, and R. Pierce, “A flight-like optical reference cavity for GRACE Follow-on laser frequency stabilization,” 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) Proceedings (IEEE, 2011.)

Dickson, J.

B. Bachman, G. de Vine, J. Dickson, S. Dubovitsky, J. Liu, W. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, A. Sutton, B. Ware, and C. Woodruff,“Flight phasemeter on the laser ranging interferometer on the GRACE Follow-On mission,” IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 840, 012011 (2017.)
[Crossref]

Diepholz, I.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Dixon, G.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Dolesi, R.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Dubovitsky, S.

B. Bachman, G. de Vine, J. Dickson, S. Dubovitsky, J. Liu, W. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, A. Sutton, B. Ware, and C. Woodruff,“Flight phasemeter on the laser ranging interferometer on the GRACE Follow-On mission,” IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 840, 012011 (2017.)
[Crossref]

Farrant, D.

D. Schütze, D. Farrant, D. A. Shaddock, B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, and K. Danzmann, “Measuring coalignment of retroreflectors with large lateral incoming-outgoing beam offset,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 035103 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fauste, J.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Fernández Barranco, G.

Ferraioli, L.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Fertin, D.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Fichter, W.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Fitzsimons, E.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Folkner, W. M.

B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, K. Danzmann, D. A. Shaddock, W. M. Klipstein, and W. M. Folkner, “Intersatellite laser ranging instrument for the GRACE Follow-On mission,” J. Geod. 86, 1083–1095 (2012.)
[Crossref]

R. Thompson, W. M. Folkner, G. deVine, W. M. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, N. Yu, M. Stephens, J. Leitch, and R. Pierce, “A flight-like optical reference cavity for GRACE Follow-on laser frequency stabilization,” 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) Proceedings (IEEE, 2011.)

Francis, S.

Freschi, M.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

García, A.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

García, C.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Gerberding, O.

Gohlke, M.

Görth, A.

Grynagier, A.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Guzmán, F.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Heinzel, G.

L. Ziren, Q. Wang, C. Mahrdt, A. Görth, and G. Heinzel, “Possible alternative acquisition scheme for the gravity recovery and climate experiment follow-on-type mission,” Appl. Opt. 56, 1495–1500 (2017.)
[Crossref]

G. Fernández Barranco, O. Gerberding, T. Schwarze, B. S. Sheard, C. Dahl, B. Zender, and G. Heinzel, “Phase stability of photoreceivers in intersatellite laser interferometers,” Opt. Express 25, 7999–8010 (2017.)
[Crossref]

J. Sanjuan, M. Gohlke, S. Rasch, K. Abich, A. Görth, G. Heinzel, and C. Braxmaier, “Interspacecraft link simulator for the laser ranging interferometer onboard GRACE Follow-On,” Appl. Opt. 54, 6682–6689 (2015.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schütze, G. Stede, V. Müller, O. Gerberding, T. Bandikova, B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, and K. Danzmann, “Laser beam steering for GRACE Follow-On intersatellite interferometry,” Opt. Express 22, 24117–24132 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. M. R. Wuchenich, C. Mahrdt, B. S. Sheard, S. Francis, R. Spero, J. Miller, C. Mow-Lowry, R. Ward, W. M. Klipstein, G. Heinzel, K. Danzmann, D. McClelland, and D. A. Shaddock, “Laser link acquisition demonstration for the GRACE Follow-On mission,” Opt. Express 22, 11351–11366 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schütze, D. Farrant, D. A. Shaddock, B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, and K. Danzmann, “Measuring coalignment of retroreflectors with large lateral incoming-outgoing beam offset,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 035103 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, K. Danzmann, D. A. Shaddock, W. M. Klipstein, and W. M. Folkner, “Intersatellite laser ranging instrument for the GRACE Follow-On mission,” J. Geod. 86, 1083–1095 (2012.)
[Crossref]

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Hewitson, M.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Hollington, D.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Hough, J.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Hoyland, D.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Hueller, M.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Hyde, T. T.

T. T. Hyde, P. G. Maghami, and S. M. Merkowitz, “Pointing acquisition and performance for the laser interferometry space antenna mission,” Class. Quantum Grav. 21, 635–640 (2014.)
[Crossref]

P. G. Maghami, T. T. Hyde, and J. Kim, “An acquisition control for the laser interferometer space antenna,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, 421–428 (2005.)
[Crossref]

Jennrich, O.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Johlander, B.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Killow, C.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

P. G. Maghami, T. T. Hyde, and J. Kim, “An acquisition control for the laser interferometer space antenna,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, 421–428 (2005.)
[Crossref]

Klipstein, W.

B. Bachman, G. de Vine, J. Dickson, S. Dubovitsky, J. Liu, W. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, A. Sutton, B. Ware, and C. Woodruff,“Flight phasemeter on the laser ranging interferometer on the GRACE Follow-On mission,” IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 840, 012011 (2017.)
[Crossref]

Klipstein, W. M.

D. M. R. Wuchenich, C. Mahrdt, B. S. Sheard, S. Francis, R. Spero, J. Miller, C. Mow-Lowry, R. Ward, W. M. Klipstein, G. Heinzel, K. Danzmann, D. McClelland, and D. A. Shaddock, “Laser link acquisition demonstration for the GRACE Follow-On mission,” Opt. Express 22, 11351–11366 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, K. Danzmann, D. A. Shaddock, W. M. Klipstein, and W. M. Folkner, “Intersatellite laser ranging instrument for the GRACE Follow-On mission,” J. Geod. 86, 1083–1095 (2012.)
[Crossref]

R. Thompson, W. M. Folkner, G. deVine, W. M. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, N. Yu, M. Stephens, J. Leitch, and R. Pierce, “A flight-like optical reference cavity for GRACE Follow-on laser frequency stabilization,” 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) Proceedings (IEEE, 2011.)

Leitch, J.

R. Thompson, W. M. Folkner, G. deVine, W. M. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, N. Yu, M. Stephens, J. Leitch, and R. Pierce, “A flight-like optical reference cavity for GRACE Follow-on laser frequency stabilization,” 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) Proceedings (IEEE, 2011.)

Liu, J.

B. Bachman, G. de Vine, J. Dickson, S. Dubovitsky, J. Liu, W. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, A. Sutton, B. Ware, and C. Woodruff,“Flight phasemeter on the laser ranging interferometer on the GRACE Follow-On mission,” IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 840, 012011 (2017.)
[Crossref]

Lobo, A.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Maghami, P. G.

T. T. Hyde, P. G. Maghami, and S. M. Merkowitz, “Pointing acquisition and performance for the laser interferometry space antenna mission,” Class. Quantum Grav. 21, 635–640 (2014.)
[Crossref]

P. G. Maghami, T. T. Hyde, and J. Kim, “An acquisition control for the laser interferometer space antenna,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, 421–428 (2005.)
[Crossref]

Mahrdt, C.

Mance, D.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Mateos, I.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

McClelland, D.

McKenzie, K.

B. Bachman, G. de Vine, J. Dickson, S. Dubovitsky, J. Liu, W. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, A. Sutton, B. Ware, and C. Woodruff,“Flight phasemeter on the laser ranging interferometer on the GRACE Follow-On mission,” IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 840, 012011 (2017.)
[Crossref]

R. Thompson, W. M. Folkner, G. deVine, W. M. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, N. Yu, M. Stephens, J. Leitch, and R. Pierce, “A flight-like optical reference cavity for GRACE Follow-on laser frequency stabilization,” 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) Proceedings (IEEE, 2011.)

McNamara, P. W.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Merkowitz, S. M.

T. T. Hyde, P. G. Maghami, and S. M. Merkowitz, “Pointing acquisition and performance for the laser interferometry space antenna mission,” Class. Quantum Grav. 21, 635–640 (2014.)
[Crossref]

Miller, J.

Monsky, A.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Mow-Lowry, C.

Müller, V.

Nicolini, D.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Nicolodi, D.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Nofrarias, M.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Perreur-Lloyd, M.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Pierce, R.

R. Thompson, W. M. Folkner, G. deVine, W. M. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, N. Yu, M. Stephens, J. Leitch, and R. Pierce, “A flight-like optical reference cavity for GRACE Follow-on laser frequency stabilization,” 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) Proceedings (IEEE, 2011.)

Plagnol, E.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Racca, G. D.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Ramos-Castro, J.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Rasch, S.

Reigber, C.

B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, M. Watkins, and C. Reigber, “The gravity recovery and climate experiment: mission overview and early results,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L09607 (2004.)
[Crossref]

Robertson, D.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Sanjuan, J.

J. Sanjuan, M. Gohlke, S. Rasch, K. Abich, A. Görth, G. Heinzel, and C. Braxmaier, “Interspacecraft link simulator for the laser ranging interferometer onboard GRACE Follow-On,” Appl. Opt. 54, 6682–6689 (2015.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Schulte, M. O.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Schütze, D.

D. Schütze, D. Farrant, D. A. Shaddock, B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, and K. Danzmann, “Measuring coalignment of retroreflectors with large lateral incoming-outgoing beam offset,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 035103 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schütze, G. Stede, V. Müller, O. Gerberding, T. Bandikova, B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, and K. Danzmann, “Laser beam steering for GRACE Follow-On intersatellite interferometry,” Opt. Express 22, 24117–24132 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schütze, “Intersatellite laser interferometry: test environments for GRACE Follow-On,” PhD Thesis, Leibniz UniversitätHannover (2015.)

Schwarze, T.

Shaddock, D. A.

D. M. R. Wuchenich, C. Mahrdt, B. S. Sheard, S. Francis, R. Spero, J. Miller, C. Mow-Lowry, R. Ward, W. M. Klipstein, G. Heinzel, K. Danzmann, D. McClelland, and D. A. Shaddock, “Laser link acquisition demonstration for the GRACE Follow-On mission,” Opt. Express 22, 11351–11366 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schütze, D. Farrant, D. A. Shaddock, B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, and K. Danzmann, “Measuring coalignment of retroreflectors with large lateral incoming-outgoing beam offset,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 035103 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, K. Danzmann, D. A. Shaddock, W. M. Klipstein, and W. M. Folkner, “Intersatellite laser ranging instrument for the GRACE Follow-On mission,” J. Geod. 86, 1083–1095 (2012.)
[Crossref]

Shaul, D. N. A.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Sheard, B. S.

Smit, M.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Spero, R.

B. Bachman, G. de Vine, J. Dickson, S. Dubovitsky, J. Liu, W. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, A. Sutton, B. Ware, and C. Woodruff,“Flight phasemeter on the laser ranging interferometer on the GRACE Follow-On mission,” IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 840, 012011 (2017.)
[Crossref]

D. M. R. Wuchenich, C. Mahrdt, B. S. Sheard, S. Francis, R. Spero, J. Miller, C. Mow-Lowry, R. Ward, W. M. Klipstein, G. Heinzel, K. Danzmann, D. McClelland, and D. A. Shaddock, “Laser link acquisition demonstration for the GRACE Follow-On mission,” Opt. Express 22, 11351–11366 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Thompson, W. M. Folkner, G. deVine, W. M. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, N. Yu, M. Stephens, J. Leitch, and R. Pierce, “A flight-like optical reference cavity for GRACE Follow-on laser frequency stabilization,” 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) Proceedings (IEEE, 2011.)

Stagnaro, L.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Stede, G.

Steier, F.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Stephens, M.

R. Thompson, W. M. Folkner, G. deVine, W. M. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, N. Yu, M. Stephens, J. Leitch, and R. Pierce, “A flight-like optical reference cavity for GRACE Follow-on laser frequency stabilization,” 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) Proceedings (IEEE, 2011.)

Sumner, T. J.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Sutton, A.

B. Bachman, G. de Vine, J. Dickson, S. Dubovitsky, J. Liu, W. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, A. Sutton, B. Ware, and C. Woodruff,“Flight phasemeter on the laser ranging interferometer on the GRACE Follow-On mission,” IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 840, 012011 (2017.)
[Crossref]

Tapley, B. D.

B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, M. Watkins, and C. Reigber, “The gravity recovery and climate experiment: mission overview and early results,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L09607 (2004.)
[Crossref]

Tateo, N.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Thompson, R.

R. Thompson, W. M. Folkner, G. deVine, W. M. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, N. Yu, M. Stephens, J. Leitch, and R. Pierce, “A flight-like optical reference cavity for GRACE Follow-on laser frequency stabilization,” 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) Proceedings (IEEE, 2011.)

Tombolato, D.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Vischer, G.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Vitale, S.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Wand, V.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Wanner, G.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Ward, H.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Ward, R.

Ware, B.

B. Bachman, G. de Vine, J. Dickson, S. Dubovitsky, J. Liu, W. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, A. Sutton, B. Ware, and C. Woodruff,“Flight phasemeter on the laser ranging interferometer on the GRACE Follow-On mission,” IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 840, 012011 (2017.)
[Crossref]

Waschke, S.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Wass, P.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Watkins, M.

B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, M. Watkins, and C. Reigber, “The gravity recovery and climate experiment: mission overview and early results,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L09607 (2004.)
[Crossref]

Weber, W. J.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Woodruff, C.

B. Bachman, G. de Vine, J. Dickson, S. Dubovitsky, J. Liu, W. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, A. Sutton, B. Ware, and C. Woodruff,“Flight phasemeter on the laser ranging interferometer on the GRACE Follow-On mission,” IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 840, 012011 (2017.)
[Crossref]

Wuchenich, D. M. R.

Yu, N.

R. Thompson, W. M. Folkner, G. deVine, W. M. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, N. Yu, M. Stephens, J. Leitch, and R. Pierce, “A flight-like optical reference cavity for GRACE Follow-on laser frequency stabilization,” 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) Proceedings (IEEE, 2011.)

Zender, B.

Ziegler, T.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Ziren, L.

Zweifel, P.

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Class. Quantum Grav. (3)

P. G. Maghami, T. T. Hyde, and J. Kim, “An acquisition control for the laser interferometer space antenna,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, 421–428 (2005.)
[Crossref]

T. T. Hyde, P. G. Maghami, and S. M. Merkowitz, “Pointing acquisition and performance for the laser interferometry space antenna mission,” Class. Quantum Grav. 21, 635–640 (2014.)
[Crossref]

M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. García, C. García, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: the experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001 (2009.)
[Crossref]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, M. Watkins, and C. Reigber, “The gravity recovery and climate experiment: mission overview and early results,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L09607 (2004.)
[Crossref]

IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series (1)

B. Bachman, G. de Vine, J. Dickson, S. Dubovitsky, J. Liu, W. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, A. Sutton, B. Ware, and C. Woodruff,“Flight phasemeter on the laser ranging interferometer on the GRACE Follow-On mission,” IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 840, 012011 (2017.)
[Crossref]

J. Geod. (1)

B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, K. Danzmann, D. A. Shaddock, W. M. Klipstein, and W. M. Folkner, “Intersatellite laser ranging instrument for the GRACE Follow-On mission,” J. Geod. 86, 1083–1095 (2012.)
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

D. Schütze, D. Farrant, D. A. Shaddock, B. S. Sheard, G. Heinzel, and K. Danzmann, “Measuring coalignment of retroreflectors with large lateral incoming-outgoing beam offset,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 035103 (2014.)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (5)

D. Schütze, “Intersatellite laser interferometry: test environments for GRACE Follow-On,” PhD Thesis, Leibniz UniversitätHannover (2015.)

N. C. Brause, “Auxiliary function development for the LISA metrology system,” PhD Thesis, Leibniz UniversitätHannover (2018.)

D. M. R. Wuchenich, “Inter-satellite laser interferometry,” PhD Thesis, Australian National University (2014.)

C. Mahrdt, “Laser link acquisition for the GRACE Follow-On laser ranging interferometer,” PhD Thesis, Leibniz UniversitätHannover (2014.)

R. Thompson, W. M. Folkner, G. deVine, W. M. Klipstein, K. McKenzie, R. Spero, N. Yu, M. Stephens, J. Leitch, and R. Pierce, “A flight-like optical reference cavity for GRACE Follow-on laser frequency stabilization,” 2011 Joint Conference of the IEEE International Frequency Control and the European Frequency and Time Forum (FCS) Proceedings (IEEE, 2011.)

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic drawing of the LRI. Each SC contains one optical bench (OB) together with associated electronics (not shown here), a laser ranging processor (LRP), a laser with external cavity and a triple mirror assembly (TMA) that acts as retroreflector. In nominal operation, the master laser is frequency stabilized to its external cavity whereas the slave laser is offset phase-locked to the received light coming from the master. CoM: center of mass, FSM: fast steering mirror, BS: beam-splitter. FC: fiber collimator, TIA: trans-impedance amplifier, QPD: quadrant photodiode, TX: transmitted, RX: received. At the bottom right corner the used coordinate system is shown. Rotations around the x-axis are called roll, rotations around the y-axis are referred to as pitch (β) and rotations around the z-axis are called yaw (α).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic drawing of the initial acquisition procedure. Depicted here is the spatial part of the process which serves the purpose of finding the angular offsets between the LRI and the SC. While the SC positions and attitudes are well-known due to star tracker data and orbit predictions, the precise relative orientation of the LRI with respect to these are only known with a limited accuracy. The FSM on the master SC performs a hexagonal scan and at the same time the slave SC scans the TX beam in a Lissajous pattern. Both LRI units are misaligned to the line of sight (LOS) by their corresponding LOS misalignment γMaster/Slave, which includes both the yaw and pitch angles.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 LRI scan patterns (dashed black lines) and their grid errors (color coded). Left: The local FSM on the master SC does a hexagonal pattern. Right: Lissajous scan pattern of the slave SC FSM.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental set-up: two mock-up LRIs, each containing one OB, PM and a laser. The master laser is frequency stabilized to an iodine reference whereas the slave laser is free running. The LLS simulates the 220 km link between the SC. It can be split into a TX and RX part as well as a frequency modulation and power attenuation (FMA) part. See [6] for details. ADC: analog-to-digital converter. BS: beam-splitter. FC: fiber collimator. DDS: direct digital synthesizer. FPGA: field programmable gate array. LUT: look-up table. DAC: digital-to-analog converter. AOM: acousto-optical modulator.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Left: RX flat-top beam generated by the LLS. The intensity profile within the OB aperture (rap = 4 mm) drops only by 10%. Right top: zoom of the Lissajous scan and power distribution around the LOS (in this example located at α0 = β0 = 0 µrad and shown as a cross) —see Eq. (1). Right bottom: shows the theoretical and the reproduced by the LLS received power as a function of time when a Lissajous scan is present. The amplitude of the highest peak when coinciding exactly with the LOS is between 440 pW and 1000 pW, depending on the SC separation.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Left: Transfer function of the FSM used in the mock-up LRI. Right: errors in the fast angle, yaw (α), between commanded and actual angles when a Lissajous scan is performed with fα = 100 Hz, fβ = 100/56 = 1.7857 Hz and an amplitude of A = 3 mrad. The errors due to the mock-up LRI FSM transfer function in the yaw angle can be as high as 800 µrad, which is almost an order of magnitude higher than the grid errors and thus, needs to be corrected in post-processing.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Experimental set-up for the LOS calibration procedure. γ represents the introduced (and known) LOS misalignment of one of the mock-up LRIs in either yaw, α0, or pitch, β0. During test runs with only one laser, a flash during the scan is detected if the spatial misalignment of the mock-up LRIs are corrected by the FSMs by amounts equal to γS and γM. When both lasers are used, also the frequency of the slave laser needs to match the master laser frequency for a flash to occur. Note that the figure shows both configurations: with one and with two lasers. The switch shown at the bottom right is not physically included in the experiment. It is simply drawn here to illustrate the possiblity of supplying the slave mock-up LRI with the laser from the master LRI or with its own laser source.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Example of a detection during one of the measurement runs. The FFT amplitudes of the master (left) and slave (right) scans are plotted as a function of the FSM angles. Both flashes occurred at a heterodyne frequency of 10 MHz and C/N0s of the order of 70 dB-Hz. The true LOS values are represented by the black-dashed trace: α0,M = −0.5 mrad, β0,M = 0 mrad, α0,S = 0 mrad and β0,S = 0 mrad. The estimated values are: α ^ 0 , M = 0.4 mrad, β ^ 0 , M = + 0.2 mrad, α ^ 0 , S = β ^ 0 , S = 0 mrad.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Summary of the scans with two optical benches and one laser, i.e, only spatial scan. Top panel: master OB (hexagonal scan). Bottom: slave OB (Lissajous scan). The colored numbers along the course of the curves indicate the angles in µrad. The C/N0 values for each of the runs are also shown in units of dB-Hz below the respective plots and as expected they increased in both OBs when reducing the grid error of the Lissajous scan.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Two examples of spatial scanning detections when using two independent lasers but without frequency scan. The lasers were set to be within the QPRs bandwidth at the starting of the spatial scan. The master laser was locked to a iodine frequency standard, while the slave one was left free running. The true LOS values are represented by the black-dashed trace: α0,M = 0 mrad, β0,M = 1 mrad, α0,S = −0.5 mrad and β0,S = 0 mrad. The estimated values for the master and slave mock-up LRIs are given in parenthesis ( α ^ , β ^ ).
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Two examples of data including frequency and spatial scans. Left: 80 pW per quadrant. Right: 135 pW per quadrant. Lasers were about 35 MHz apart at the beginning of the scan. The master laser was locked to the iodine frequency standard reference, while the slave performed a frequency scan at a rate of 12.5 kHz s−1. The true LOS values are represented by the black-dashed trace: α0,M = 0 mrad, β0,M = 1 mrad, α0,S = −0.5 mrad and β0,S = 0 mrad. The estimated values for the master and slave mock-up LRIs are given in parenthesis ( α ^ , β ^ ).

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Nominal parameters for the LRI and GRACE Follow-On.

Tables Icon

Table 2 LRI nominal parameters for the LOS calibration procedure.

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Table 3 Introduced LOS misalignments.

Equations (6)

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P RX = 2 P r ap 2 w RX 2 e e [ ( α α 0 ) 2 + ( β β 0 ) 2 ] 2 / w RX 2
α corr = A G sin ( 2 π f α t + ϕ ) ,
C / N 0 = 10 log 10 ( A c 2 / 2 S n ) ,
A c = 2 P LO P RX η ,
S n = 4 S i + 2 q P LO + ( P LO R I N ) 2 ,
[ ( α ^ 0 α 0 ) 2 + ( β ^ 0 β 0 ) 2 ] 1 / 2 300 μ rad

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