Abstract

We propose and evaluate the use of spatial-division multiplexing (SDM) multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems to support long distance transmission using single-mode homogeneous multicore fibers. We show that on a uniform link with per-span inter-core skew compensation, the required SDM-MIMO memory length corresponds to the largest inter-core skew per span on the link. Furthermore, we show that with inter-core skew compensation, the required memory length of the SDM-MIMO is nearly constant with the transmission distance for accumulated crosstalk below −11 dB. We experimentally demonstrate the use of SDM-MIMO with a memory length of 20 ns on a long distance transmission link using 20 GBaud PDM-QPSK signals. We achieve a reach of 9780 km, which corresponds to a 9% improvement over the case without SDM-MIMO. We also show that the use of SDM-MIMO is applicable to the transmission of signals with higher modulation order, achieving transmission reach improvements of 14% for 20 GBaud PDM-16QAM and PDM-64QAM signals.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  1. D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, D. Lee, and Y. Miyamoto, “Advanced MIMO signal processing techniques enabling long-haul dense SDM transmissions,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 336–348 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  3. B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, E. Agrell, G. Rademacher, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, G. M. Saridis, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “High capacity transmission systems using homogeneous multi-core fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1157–1167 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Hayashi, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Behavior of inter-core crosstalk as a noise and its effect on Q-factor in multi-core fiber,” IEICE Trans. Commun. 97, 936–944 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  5. G. Rademacher, R. S. Luis, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Crosstalk dynamics in multi-core fibers,” Opt. Express 25, 12020–12028 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. P. J. Winzer, “From first fibers to mode-division multiplexing (Invited Paper),” Chin. Opt. Lett. 14, 120002 (2016).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. A. Sano, H. Takara, T. Kobayashi, and Y. Miyamoto, “Crosstalk-managed high capacity long haul multicore fiber transmission with propagation-direction interleaving,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 2771–2779 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J. M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2015), p. PDP.3.1.
    [Crossref]
  10. T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.
  11. R. S. Luis, B. J. Puttnam, G. Rademacher, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “On the use of high-order MIMO for long-distance homogeneous single-mode multicore fiber transmission,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. Th.2.F.2.
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Fini, B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Yan, and K. Abedin, “Statistical models of multicore fiber crosstalk including time delays,” J. Light. Technol. 30, 2003–2010 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. R. S. Luis, B. Puttnam, J. M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” (OSA, San Jose, CA, 2015), p. SM2L.5.
  14. N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.
  15. T. Pfau and R. Noe, “Phase-noise-tolerant two-stage carrier recovery concept for higher order QAM formats,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1210–1216 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  16. D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” in OFC/NFOEC, (2012), p. OW1H.4.
  17. G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
    [Crossref]
  18. K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, L. Doowhan, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, H. Ono, K. Nakajima, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, and K. Saitoh, “DMD-unmanaged long-haul SDM transmission over 2500-km 12-core × 3-mode MC-FMF and 6300-km 3-mode FMF employing intermodal interference cancelling technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Postdeadline Papers (2018), paper Th4C.6, (Optical Society of America, 2018), p. Th4C.6.
    [Crossref]
  19. R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

2018 (1)

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, D. Lee, and Y. Miyamoto, “Advanced MIMO signal processing techniques enabling long-haul dense SDM transmissions,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 336–348 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, E. Agrell, G. Rademacher, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, G. M. Saridis, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “High capacity transmission systems using homogeneous multi-core fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1157–1167 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Rademacher, R. S. Luis, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Crosstalk dynamics in multi-core fibers,” Opt. Express 25, 12020–12028 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

2014 (2)

T. Hayashi, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Behavior of inter-core crosstalk as a noise and its effect on Q-factor in multi-core fiber,” IEICE Trans. Commun. 97, 936–944 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Sano, H. Takara, T. Kobayashi, and Y. Miyamoto, “Crosstalk-managed high capacity long haul multicore fiber transmission with propagation-direction interleaving,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 2771–2779 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

J. Fini, B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Yan, and K. Abedin, “Statistical models of multicore fiber crosstalk including time delays,” J. Light. Technol. 30, 2003–2010 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Tu, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Takenaga, and S. Matsuo, “Design and analysis of large-effective-area heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 20, 15157–15170 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

T. Pfau and R. Noe, “Phase-noise-tolerant two-stage carrier recovery concept for higher order QAM formats,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1210–1216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Abedin, K.

J. Fini, B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Yan, and K. Abedin, “Statistical models of multicore fiber crosstalk including time delays,” J. Light. Technol. 30, 2003–2010 (2012).
[Crossref]

Agrell, E.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, E. Agrell, G. Rademacher, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, G. M. Saridis, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “High capacity transmission systems using homogeneous multi-core fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1157–1167 (2017).
[Crossref]

Aikawa, K.

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Alvarado, J. C.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

Amezcua-Correa, R.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

Amma, Y.

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Antonio-Lopez, J.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

Awaji, Y.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, E. Agrell, G. Rademacher, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, G. M. Saridis, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “High capacity transmission systems using homogeneous multi-core fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1157–1167 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Rademacher, R. S. Luis, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Crosstalk dynamics in multi-core fibers,” Opt. Express 25, 12020–12028 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J. M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2015), p. PDP.3.1.
[Crossref]

R. S. Luis, B. Puttnam, J. M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” (OSA, San Jose, CA, 2015), p. SM2L.5.

R. S. Luis, B. J. Puttnam, G. Rademacher, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “On the use of high-order MIMO for long-distance homogeneous single-mode multicore fiber transmission,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. Th.2.F.2.
[Crossref]

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

Benitez, A. V.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.

Bohn, M.

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Burrows, E.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

Cai, Y.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” in OFC/NFOEC, (2012), p. OW1H.4.

Chang, D.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” in OFC/NFOEC, (2012), p. OW1H.4.

Chang, S. H.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

Chen, H.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

Correa, R. A.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.

Doowhan, L.

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, L. Doowhan, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, H. Ono, K. Nakajima, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, and K. Saitoh, “DMD-unmanaged long-haul SDM transmission over 2500-km 12-core × 3-mode MC-FMF and 6300-km 3-mode FMF employing intermodal interference cancelling technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Postdeadline Papers (2018), paper Th4C.6, (Optical Society of America, 2018), p. Th4C.6.
[Crossref]

Ercan, B.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.

Essiambre, R. J.

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

Fini, J.

J. Fini, B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Yan, and K. Abedin, “Statistical models of multicore fiber crosstalk including time delays,” J. Light. Technol. 30, 2003–2010 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N. K.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

Gross, S.

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.

Guan, B.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.

Hamaoka, F.

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Hasegawa, T.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

Hauske, F. N.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” in OFC/NFOEC, (2012), p. OW1H.4.

Hayashi, T.

T. Hayashi, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Behavior of inter-core crosstalk as a noise and its effect on Q-factor in multi-core fiber,” IEICE Trans. Commun. 97, 936–944 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J. M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2015), p. PDP.3.1.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

Hirano, M.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J. M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2015), p. PDP.3.1.
[Crossref]

Huang, B.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

Isoda, A.

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Jung, Y.

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Kawakami, H.

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Klaus, W.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, E. Agrell, G. Rademacher, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, G. M. Saridis, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “High capacity transmission systems using homogeneous multi-core fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1157–1167 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J. M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2015), p. PDP.3.1.
[Crossref]

R. S. Luis, B. Puttnam, J. M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” (OSA, San Jose, CA, 2015), p. SM2L.5.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Sano, H. Takara, T. Kobayashi, and Y. Miyamoto, “Crosstalk-managed high capacity long haul multicore fiber transmission with propagation-direction interleaving,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 2771–2779 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Koshiba, M.

Lee, D.

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, D. Lee, and Y. Miyamoto, “Advanced MIMO signal processing techniques enabling long-haul dense SDM transmissions,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 336–348 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” in OFC/NFOEC, (2012), p. OW1H.4.

Lingle, R.

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

Lingle, R. J.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.

Lopez, J. E. A.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.

Luis, R. S.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, E. Agrell, G. Rademacher, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, G. M. Saridis, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “High capacity transmission systems using homogeneous multi-core fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1157–1167 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Rademacher, R. S. Luis, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Crosstalk dynamics in multi-core fibers,” Opt. Express 25, 12020–12028 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J. M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2015), p. PDP.3.1.
[Crossref]

R. S. Luis, B. Puttnam, J. M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” (OSA, San Jose, CA, 2015), p. SM2L.5.

R. S. Luis, B. J. Puttnam, G. Rademacher, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “On the use of high-order MIMO for long-distance homogeneous single-mode multicore fiber transmission,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. Th.2.F.2.
[Crossref]

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

Marciante, J.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J. M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2015), p. PDP.3.1.
[Crossref]

Matsuo, S.

Mendinueta, J. M.

R. S. Luis, B. Puttnam, J. M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” (OSA, San Jose, CA, 2015), p. SM2L.5.

Mendinueta, J. M. D.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J. M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2015), p. PDP.3.1.
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, Y.

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, D. Lee, and Y. Miyamoto, “Advanced MIMO signal processing techniques enabling long-haul dense SDM transmissions,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 336–348 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Sano, H. Takara, T. Kobayashi, and Y. Miyamoto, “Crosstalk-managed high capacity long haul multicore fiber transmission with propagation-direction interleaving,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 2771–2779 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, L. Doowhan, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, H. Ono, K. Nakajima, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, and K. Saitoh, “DMD-unmanaged long-haul SDM transmission over 2500-km 12-core × 3-mode MC-FMF and 6300-km 3-mode FMF employing intermodal interference cancelling technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Postdeadline Papers (2018), paper Th4C.6, (Optical Society of America, 2018), p. Th4C.6.
[Crossref]

Mizuno, T.

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, D. Lee, and Y. Miyamoto, “Advanced MIMO signal processing techniques enabling long-haul dense SDM transmissions,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 336–348 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, L. Doowhan, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, H. Ono, K. Nakajima, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, and K. Saitoh, “DMD-unmanaged long-haul SDM transmission over 2500-km 12-core × 3-mode MC-FMF and 6300-km 3-mode FMF employing intermodal interference cancelling technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Postdeadline Papers (2018), paper Th4C.6, (Optical Society of America, 2018), p. Th4C.6.
[Crossref]

Morioka, T.

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Nagatani, M.

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Nakajima, K.

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, L. Doowhan, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, H. Ono, K. Nakajima, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, and K. Saitoh, “DMD-unmanaged long-haul SDM transmission over 2500-km 12-core × 3-mode MC-FMF and 6300-km 3-mode FMF employing intermodal interference cancelling technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Postdeadline Papers (2018), paper Th4C.6, (Optical Society of America, 2018), p. Th4C.6.
[Crossref]

Nakamura, M.

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Noe, R.

T. Pfau and R. Noe, “Phase-noise-tolerant two-stage carrier recovery concept for higher order QAM formats,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1210–1216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nooruzzaman, M.

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Ono, H.

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, L. Doowhan, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, H. Ono, K. Nakajima, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, and K. Saitoh, “DMD-unmanaged long-haul SDM transmission over 2500-km 12-core × 3-mode MC-FMF and 6300-km 3-mode FMF employing intermodal interference cancelling technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Postdeadline Papers (2018), paper Th4C.6, (Optical Society of America, 2018), p. Th4C.6.
[Crossref]

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, L. Doowhan, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, H. Ono, K. Nakajima, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, and K. Saitoh, “DMD-unmanaged long-haul SDM transmission over 2500-km 12-core × 3-mode MC-FMF and 6300-km 3-mode FMF employing intermodal interference cancelling technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Postdeadline Papers (2018), paper Th4C.6, (Optical Society of America, 2018), p. Th4C.6.
[Crossref]

Pfau, T.

T. Pfau and R. Noe, “Phase-noise-tolerant two-stage carrier recovery concept for higher order QAM formats,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1210–1216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pulverer, K.

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Puttnam, B.

R. S. Luis, B. Puttnam, J. M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” (OSA, San Jose, CA, 2015), p. SM2L.5.

Puttnam, B. J.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, E. Agrell, G. Rademacher, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, G. M. Saridis, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “High capacity transmission systems using homogeneous multi-core fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1157–1167 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Rademacher, R. S. Luis, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Crosstalk dynamics in multi-core fibers,” Opt. Express 25, 12020–12028 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J. M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2015), p. PDP.3.1.
[Crossref]

R. S. Luis, B. J. Puttnam, G. Rademacher, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “On the use of high-order MIMO for long-distance homogeneous single-mode multicore fiber transmission,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. Th.2.F.2.
[Crossref]

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

Rademacher, G.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, E. Agrell, G. Rademacher, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, G. M. Saridis, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “High capacity transmission systems using homogeneous multi-core fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1157–1167 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Rademacher, R. S. Luis, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Crosstalk dynamics in multi-core fibers,” Opt. Express 25, 12020–12028 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. S. Luis, B. J. Puttnam, G. Rademacher, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “On the use of high-order MIMO for long-distance homogeneous single-mode multicore fiber transmission,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. Th.2.F.2.
[Crossref]

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Riesen, N.

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

Ryf, R.

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.

Saitoh, K.

J. Tu, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Takenaga, and S. Matsuo, “Design and analysis of large-effective-area heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 20, 15157–15170 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, L. Doowhan, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, H. Ono, K. Nakajima, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, and K. Saitoh, “DMD-unmanaged long-haul SDM transmission over 2500-km 12-core × 3-mode MC-FMF and 6300-km 3-mode FMF employing intermodal interference cancelling technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Postdeadline Papers (2018), paper Th4C.6, (Optical Society of America, 2018), p. Th4C.6.
[Crossref]

Saitoh, S.

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, L. Doowhan, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, H. Ono, K. Nakajima, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, and K. Saitoh, “DMD-unmanaged long-haul SDM transmission over 2500-km 12-core × 3-mode MC-FMF and 6300-km 3-mode FMF employing intermodal interference cancelling technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Postdeadline Papers (2018), paper Th4C.6, (Optical Society of America, 2018), p. Th4C.6.
[Crossref]

Sakaguchi, J.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, E. Agrell, G. Rademacher, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, G. M. Saridis, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “High capacity transmission systems using homogeneous multi-core fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1157–1167 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J. M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2015), p. PDP.3.1.
[Crossref]

Sano, A.

A. Sano, H. Takara, T. Kobayashi, and Y. Miyamoto, “Crosstalk-managed high capacity long haul multicore fiber transmission with propagation-direction interleaving,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 2771–2779 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Saridis, G. M.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, E. Agrell, G. Rademacher, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, G. M. Saridis, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “High capacity transmission systems using homogeneous multi-core fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1157–1167 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, T.

T. Hayashi, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Behavior of inter-core crosstalk as a noise and its effect on Q-factor in multi-core fiber,” IEICE Trans. Commun. 97, 936–944 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, Y.

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Sasaoka, E.

T. Hayashi, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Behavior of inter-core crosstalk as a noise and its effect on Q-factor in multi-core fiber,” IEICE Trans. Commun. 97, 936–944 (2014).
[Crossref]

Scott, R. P.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.

Shibahara, K.

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, D. Lee, and Y. Miyamoto, “Advanced MIMO signal processing techniques enabling long-haul dense SDM transmissions,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 336–348 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, L. Doowhan, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, H. Ono, K. Nakajima, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, and K. Saitoh, “DMD-unmanaged long-haul SDM transmission over 2500-km 12-core × 3-mode MC-FMF and 6300-km 3-mode FMF employing intermodal interference cancelling technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Postdeadline Papers (2018), paper Th4C.6, (Optical Society of America, 2018), p. Th4C.6.
[Crossref]

Stojanovic, N.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” in OFC/NFOEC, (2012), p. OW1H.4.

Sun, Y.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

Takara, H.

A. Sano, H. Takara, T. Kobayashi, and Y. Miyamoto, “Crosstalk-managed high capacity long haul multicore fiber transmission with propagation-direction interleaving,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 2771–2779 (2014).
[Crossref]

Takenaga, K.

J. Tu, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Takenaga, and S. Matsuo, “Design and analysis of large-effective-area heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 20, 15157–15170 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, L. Doowhan, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, H. Ono, K. Nakajima, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, and K. Saitoh, “DMD-unmanaged long-haul SDM transmission over 2500-km 12-core × 3-mode MC-FMF and 6300-km 3-mode FMF employing intermodal interference cancelling technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Postdeadline Papers (2018), paper Th4C.6, (Optical Society of America, 2018), p. Th4C.6.
[Crossref]

Tamura, Y.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J. M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2015), p. PDP.3.1.
[Crossref]

Taru, T.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

Taunay, T.

J. Fini, B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Yan, and K. Abedin, “Statistical models of multicore fiber crosstalk including time delays,” J. Light. Technol. 30, 2003–2010 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tu, J.

Wada, N.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, E. Agrell, G. Rademacher, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, G. M. Saridis, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “High capacity transmission systems using homogeneous multi-core fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1157–1167 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Rademacher, R. S. Luis, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Crosstalk dynamics in multi-core fibers,” Opt. Express 25, 12020–12028 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J. M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2015), p. PDP.3.1.
[Crossref]

R. S. Luis, B. J. Puttnam, G. Rademacher, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “On the use of high-order MIMO for long-distance homogeneous single-mode multicore fiber transmission,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. Th.2.F.2.
[Crossref]

R. S. Luis, B. Puttnam, J. M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” (OSA, San Jose, CA, 2015), p. SM2L.5.

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

Winzer, P. J.

Withford, M.

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

Xiao, Z.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” in OFC/NFOEC, (2012), p. OW1H.4.

Xie, C.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” in OFC/NFOEC, (2012), p. OW1H.4.

Xiong, Q.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” in OFC/NFOEC, (2012), p. OW1H.4.

Xu, X.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” in OFC/NFOEC, (2012), p. OW1H.4.

Yamazaki, H.

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

Yan, M.

J. Fini, B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Yan, and K. Abedin, “Statistical models of multicore fiber crosstalk including time delays,” J. Light. Technol. 30, 2003–2010 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yoo, S. J. B.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.

Yu, F.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” in OFC/NFOEC, (2012), p. OW1H.4.

Zhu, B.

J. Fini, B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Yan, and K. Abedin, “Statistical models of multicore fiber crosstalk including time delays,” J. Light. Technol. 30, 2003–2010 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Pfau and R. Noe, “Phase-noise-tolerant two-stage carrier recovery concept for higher order QAM formats,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1210–1216 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

T. Hayashi, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Behavior of inter-core crosstalk as a noise and its effect on Q-factor in multi-core fiber,” IEICE Trans. Commun. 97, 936–944 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Light. Technol. (4)

J. Fini, B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Yan, and K. Abedin, “Statistical models of multicore fiber crosstalk including time delays,” J. Light. Technol. 30, 2003–2010 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, D. Lee, and Y. Miyamoto, “Advanced MIMO signal processing techniques enabling long-haul dense SDM transmissions,” J. Light. Technol. 36, 336–348 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, E. Agrell, G. Rademacher, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, G. M. Saridis, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “High capacity transmission systems using homogeneous multi-core fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 1157–1167 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Sano, H. Takara, T. Kobayashi, and Y. Miyamoto, “Crosstalk-managed high capacity long haul multicore fiber transmission with propagation-direction interleaving,” J. Light. Technol. 32, 2771–2779 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Other (9)

R. S. Luis, B. Puttnam, J. M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” (OSA, San Jose, CA, 2015), p. SM2L.5.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2015), p. Th5C.1.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J. M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2015), p. PDP.3.1.
[Crossref]

T. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, F. Hamaoka, K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, A. Isoda, M. Nagatani, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Amma, Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, D. J. Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, M. Nooruzzaman, and T. Morioka, “1-Pb/s (32 SDM/46 WDM/768 Gb/s) C-band dense SDM transmission over 205.6-km of single-mode heterogeneous multi-core fiber using 96-Gbaud PDM-16qam channels,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (2017), p. Th5B.1.

R. S. Luis, B. J. Puttnam, G. Rademacher, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “On the use of high-order MIMO for long-distance homogeneous single-mode multicore fiber transmission,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. Th.2.F.2.
[Crossref]

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” in OFC/NFOEC, (2012), p. OW1H.4.

G. Rademacher, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, S. Gross, N. Riesen, M. Withford, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “3500-km Mode-multiplexed transmission through a three-mode graded-index few-mode fiber link,” in 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2017), p. M.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

K. Shibahara, T. Mizuno, L. Doowhan, Y. Miyamoto, H. Ono, H. Ono, K. Nakajima, S. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, and K. Saitoh, “DMD-unmanaged long-haul SDM transmission over 2500-km 12-core × 3-mode MC-FMF and 6300-km 3-mode FMF employing intermodal interference cancelling technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Postdeadline Papers (2018), paper Th4C.6, (Optical Society of America, 2018), p. Th4C.6.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, T. Hayashi, Y. Tamura, T. Hasegawa, and T. Taru, “Long-distance transmission over coupled-core multicore fiber,” in ECOC 2016 - Post Deadline Paper; 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication, (2016), p. Th.3.C.3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Evolution of the system impulse response along a long distance MCF transmission link (a) without ICS compensation and (b) with periodic ICS compensation.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulation evaluation of the dependence of the required memory length for SDM-MIMO on the accumulated crosstalk, the ICS per span and the number of spans, when using ICS compensation. a) Sum of the magnitudes of the simulated impulse responses with 1000 taps of ICS after 25, 50 and 100 spans. b) Accumulated crosstalk as a function of the number of spans for different values of crosstalk per span. c) Required SDM-MIMO memory length in taps, as a function of the span count for different values of ICS per span (expressed in taps) and different values of crosstalk per span. Note that the points where the required memory length stops being constant correspond to an accumulated crosstalk of approximately −11 dB.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Impulse responses of the SDM-MIMO equalizers for various transmission distances. a) Original equalizer impulse response and b) impulse response with delayed contributions to highlight the different crosstalk contributions.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Q-Factor dependence on the transmission distance using PDM-QPSK, PDM-16QAM and PDM-64QAM using optimum launch powers with and without MIMO demultiplexing.

Equations (1)

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N max 0.0794 XT span

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