Abstract

The efficiency enhancement of light color conversion from blue quantum well (QW) emission into red quantum dot (QD) emission through surface plasmon (SP) coupling by coating CdSe/ZnS QDs on the top of an InGaN/GaN QW light-emitting diode (LED) is demonstrated. Ag nanoparticles (NPs) are fabricated within a transparent conductive Ga-doped ZnO interlayer to induce localized surface plasmon (LSP) resonance for simultaneously coupling with the QWs and QDs. Such a coupling process generates three enhancement effects, including QW emission, QD absorption at the QW emission wavelength, and QD emission, leading to an overall enhancement effect of QD emission intensity. An Ag NP geometry for inducing an LSP resonance peak around the middle between the QW and QD emission wavelengths results in the optimized condition for maximizing QD emission enhancement. Internal quantum efficiency and photoluminescence (PL) decay time measurements are performed to show consistent results with LED performance characterizations, even though the QD absorption of PL excitation laser may mix with the SP-induced QD absorption enhancement effect in PL measurement.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  24. K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with Its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (1)

G. S. Chen, B. Y. Wei, C. T. Lee, and H. Y. Lee, “Monolithic red/green/blue micro-LEDs with HBR and DBR structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 262–265 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

2016 (3)

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Liu, T. P. Chen, T. S. Kao, J. K. Huang, H. C. Kuo, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Chang, “Color-conversion efficiency enhancement of quantum dots via selective area nano-rods light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 24(17), 19978–19987 (2016), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (5)

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Lin, I. H. Chen, and C. H. Chao, “Effective color conversion of GaN-based LEDs via coated phosphor layers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 764–767 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

C. C. Lin and R. S. Liu, “Advances in phosphors for light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2(11), 1268–1277 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. F. Lu, C. H. Liao, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Reduction of the efficiency droop effect of a light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261104 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhu, C. M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (5)

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19(34), 345201 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Nizamoglu, G. Zengin, and H. Volkan Demir, “Color-converting combinations of nanocrystal emitters for warm-white light generation with high color rendering index,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 031102 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with Its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(19), 191101 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling effect in an InGaN/GaN single-quantum-well light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Byeon, C. C.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chang, C. Y.

Chang, T. W.

Y. F. Yao, C. G. Tu, T. W. Chang, H. T. Chen, C. M. Weng, C. Y. Su, C. Hsieh, C. H. Liao, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Growth of highly conductive Ga-doped ZnO nanoneedles,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(19), 10525–10533 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chanyawadee, S.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chao, C. H.

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Lin, I. H. Chen, and C. H. Chao, “Effective color conversion of GaN-based LEDs via coated phosphor layers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 764–767 (2013).
[Crossref]

Charlton, M. D. B.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C. Y.

C. F. Lu, C. H. Liao, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Reduction of the efficiency droop effect of a light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19(34), 345201 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with Its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling effect in an InGaN/GaN single-quantum-well light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, G. S.

G. S. Chen, B. Y. Wei, C. T. Lee, and H. Y. Lee, “Monolithic red/green/blue micro-LEDs with HBR and DBR structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 262–265 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. L.

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with Its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. M.

Chen, H. T.

Chen, I. H.

H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Lin, I. H. Chen, and C. H. Chao, “Effective color conversion of GaN-based LEDs via coated phosphor layers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 764–767 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, K. J.

Chen, S. H.

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Yao, C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, S. Yang, C. M. Weng, M. Y. Su, M. C. Tsai, S. S. Wu, S. H. Chen, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Multi-mechanism efficiency enhancement in growing Ga-doped ZnO as the transparent conductor on a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32274-32288 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, T. M.

Chen, T. P.

Chen, Y. F.

Chen, Y. S.

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C. J.

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chiang, H. C.

Cho, C. Y.

C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cho, Y. H.

C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chong, W. C.

Chu, Y. C.

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

J. Zhu, C. M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Do, Y. R.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Oh, K. H. Lee, H. C. Yoon, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Color-by-blue display using blue quantum dot light-emitting diodes and green/red color converting phosphors,” Opt. Express 22(S2Suppl 2), A511–A520 (2014), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

J. Zhu, C. M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, Y. H.

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Han, H. V.

Harley, R. T.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hirosaki, N.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(19), 191101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hong, S. H.

C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, C.

Y. F. Yao, C. G. Tu, T. W. Chang, H. T. Chen, C. M. Weng, C. Y. Su, C. Hsieh, C. H. Liao, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Growth of highly conductive Ga-doped ZnO nanoneedles,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(19), 10525–10533 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Yao, C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, S. Yang, C. M. Weng, M. Y. Su, M. C. Tsai, S. S. Wu, S. H. Chen, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Multi-mechanism efficiency enhancement in growing Ga-doped ZnO as the transparent conductor on a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32274-32288 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. F. Lu, C. H. Liao, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Reduction of the efficiency droop effect of a light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hsu, C. M.

J. Zhu, C. M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, C. F.

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with Its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19(34), 345201 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling effect in an InGaN/GaN single-quantum-well light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huang, H. W.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, J. K.

Jang, E.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, H.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jun, S.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jung, G. Y.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kang, H.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kao, T. S.

Kiang, Y. W.

C. Y. Su, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, W. H. Liu, M. Y. Su, H. C. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Dependencies of surface plasmon coupling effects on the p-GaN thickness of a thin-p-type light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21526–21536 (2017), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Yao, C. G. Tu, T. W. Chang, H. T. Chen, C. M. Weng, C. Y. Su, C. Hsieh, C. H. Liao, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Growth of highly conductive Ga-doped ZnO nanoneedles,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(19), 10525–10533 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Yao, C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, S. Yang, C. M. Weng, M. Y. Su, M. C. Tsai, S. S. Wu, S. H. Chen, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Multi-mechanism efficiency enhancement in growing Ga-doped ZnO as the transparent conductor on a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32274-32288 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. F. Lu, C. H. Liao, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Reduction of the efficiency droop effect of a light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with Its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, B.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, B. H.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. Y.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, K. S.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. T.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimura, N.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(19), 191101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ko, H.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kuo, H. C.

Kwon, M. K.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lagoudakis, P. G.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lau, K. M.

Lee, C. T.

G. S. Chen, B. Y. Wei, C. T. Lee, and H. Y. Lee, “Monolithic red/green/blue micro-LEDs with HBR and DBR structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 262–265 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. Y.

G. S. Chen, B. Y. Wei, C. T. Lee, and H. Y. Lee, “Monolithic red/green/blue micro-LEDs with HBR and DBR structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 262–265 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Lin, I. H. Chen, and C. H. Chao, “Effective color conversion of GaN-based LEDs via coated phosphor layers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 764–767 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. H.

Lee, S.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S. J.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. M.

C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, J. R.

Liao, C. H.

Y. F. Yao, C. G. Tu, T. W. Chang, H. T. Chen, C. M. Weng, C. Y. Su, C. Hsieh, C. H. Liao, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Growth of highly conductive Ga-doped ZnO nanoneedles,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(19), 10525–10533 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. F. Lu, C. H. Liao, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Reduction of the efficiency droop effect of a light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lim, J.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, C. C.

Lin, C. H.

C. Y. Su, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, W. H. Liu, M. Y. Su, H. C. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Dependencies of surface plasmon coupling effects on the p-GaN thickness of a thin-p-type light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21526–21536 (2017), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Yao, C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, S. Yang, C. M. Weng, M. Y. Su, M. C. Tsai, S. S. Wu, S. H. Chen, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Multi-mechanism efficiency enhancement in growing Ga-doped ZnO as the transparent conductor on a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32274-32288 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lin, H. Y.

Lin, Y. C.

H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Lin, I. H. Chen, and C. H. Chao, “Effective color conversion of GaN-based LEDs via coated phosphor layers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 764–767 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. Y.

Liu, R. S.

C. C. Lin and R. S. Liu, “Advances in phosphors for light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2(11), 1268–1277 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, W. H.

Lu, C. F.

C. F. Lu, C. H. Liao, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Reduction of the efficiency droop effect of a light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y. C.

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19(34), 345201 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling effect in an InGaN/GaN single-quantum-well light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mitomo, M.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(19), 191101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nizamoglu, S.

S. Nizamoglu, G. Zengin, and H. Volkan Demir, “Color-converting combinations of nanocrystal emitters for warm-white light generation with high color rendering index,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 031102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Oh, J. H.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Oh, K. H. Lee, H. C. Yoon, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Color-by-blue display using blue quantum dot light-emitting diodes and green/red color converting phosphors,” Opt. Express 22(S2Suppl 2), A511–A520 (2014), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, I. K.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Park, S. J.

C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Polman, A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakuma, K.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(19), 191101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shen, K. C.

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with Its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Song, J. H.

C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Su, C. Y.

Su, M. Y.

Talapin, D. V.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, F. J.

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tsai, M. C.

Tu, C. G.

Volkan Demir, H.

S. Nizamoglu, G. Zengin, and H. Volkan Demir, “Color-converting combinations of nanocrystal emitters for warm-white light generation with high color rendering index,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 031102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Y.

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wei, B. Y.

G. S. Chen, B. Y. Wei, C. T. Lee, and H. Y. Lee, “Monolithic red/green/blue micro-LEDs with HBR and DBR structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 262–265 (2018).
[Crossref]

Weng, C. M.

Wu, M. H.

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. S.

Xie, R. J.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(19), 191101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, C. C.

C. Y. Su, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, W. H. Liu, M. Y. Su, H. C. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Dependencies of surface plasmon coupling effects on the p-GaN thickness of a thin-p-type light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21526–21536 (2017), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Yao, C. G. Tu, T. W. Chang, H. T. Chen, C. M. Weng, C. Y. Su, C. Hsieh, C. H. Liao, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Growth of highly conductive Ga-doped ZnO nanoneedles,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(19), 10525–10533 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Yao, C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, S. Yang, C. M. Weng, M. Y. Su, M. C. Tsai, S. S. Wu, S. H. Chen, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Multi-mechanism efficiency enhancement in growing Ga-doped ZnO as the transparent conductor on a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32274-32288 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. F. Lu, C. H. Liao, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Reduction of the efficiency droop effect of a light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19(34), 345201 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with Its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling effect in an InGaN/GaN single-quantum-well light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Oh, K. H. Lee, H. C. Yoon, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Color-by-blue display using blue quantum dot light-emitting diodes and green/red color converting phosphors,” Opt. Express 22(S2Suppl 2), A511–A520 (2014), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, S.

Yang, Y. J.

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with Its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yao, Y. F.

Yeh, D. M.

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19(34), 345201 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling effect in an InGaN/GaN single-quantum-well light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yoon, H. C.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Oh, K. H. Lee, H. C. Yoon, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Color-by-blue display using blue quantum dot light-emitting diodes and green/red color converting phosphors,” Opt. Express 22(S2Suppl 2), A511–A520 (2014), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, P.

Yu, Z.

J. Zhu, C. M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zengin, G.

S. Nizamoglu, G. Zengin, and H. Volkan Demir, “Color-converting combinations of nanocrystal emitters for warm-white light generation with high color rendering index,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 031102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhu, E.

Zhu, J.

J. Zhu, C. M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (2)

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Yao, C. G. Tu, T. W. Chang, H. T. Chen, C. M. Weng, C. Y. Su, C. Hsieh, C. H. Liao, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Growth of highly conductive Ga-doped ZnO nanoneedles,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(19), 10525–10533 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (3)

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (9)

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(19), 191101 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Nizamoglu, G. Zengin, and H. Volkan Demir, “Color-converting combinations of nanocrystal emitters for warm-white light generation with high color rendering index,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 031102 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. F. Lu, C. H. Liao, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Reduction of the efficiency droop effect of a light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261104 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling effect in an InGaN/GaN single-quantum-well light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171103 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with Its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

G. S. Chen, B. Y. Wei, C. T. Lee, and H. Y. Lee, “Monolithic red/green/blue micro-LEDs with HBR and DBR structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 262–265 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Lin, I. H. Chen, and C. H. Chao, “Effective color conversion of GaN-based LEDs via coated phosphor layers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 764–767 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. (1)

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (1)

C. C. Lin and R. S. Liu, “Advances in phosphors for light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2(11), 1268–1277 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (1)

J. Zhu, C. M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19(34), 345201 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (6)

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Yao, C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, S. Yang, C. M. Weng, M. Y. Su, M. C. Tsai, S. S. Wu, S. H. Chen, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Multi-mechanism efficiency enhancement in growing Ga-doped ZnO as the transparent conductor on a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32274-32288 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Su, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, W. H. Liu, M. Y. Su, H. C. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Dependencies of surface plasmon coupling effects on the p-GaN thickness of a thin-p-type light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21526–21536 (2017), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Liu, T. P. Chen, T. S. Kao, J. K. Huang, H. C. Kuo, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Chang, “Color-conversion efficiency enhancement of quantum dots via selective area nano-rods light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 24(17), 19978–19987 (2016), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Oh, K. H. Lee, H. C. Yoon, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Color-by-blue display using blue quantum dot light-emitting diodes and green/red color converting phosphors,” Opt. Express 22(S2Suppl 2), A511–A520 (2014), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. V. Han, H. Y. Lin, C. C. Lin, W. C. Chong, J. R. Li, K. J. Chen, P. Yu, T. M. Chen, H. M. Chen, K. M. Lau, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based micro LED display technology,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32504–32515 (2015), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a)-(e): Schematic demonstrations of the structures of samples A-E, respectively. Circular yellow dots represent Ag NPs. Triangular red dots stand for QDs.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a): SEM image showing the layout of LED devices in one of samples D. (b): cross-sectional SEM image of a device around the circled region in part (a).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a)-(c): SEM images of Ag NPs for generating LSP resonances with peak wavelengths around 500, 540, and 580 nm, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Transmission spectra of the three Ag NP structures shown in Figs. 3(a)-3(c) illustrating the LSP resonances with peak wavelengths around 500, 540, and 580 nm. The three vertical dashed lines indicate the QW and QD emission wavelengths, and the PL excitation laser wavelength.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a)-(d): EL spectra of samples C, D-500, D-540, and D-580, respectively, with injected current increased from 3 through 100 mA.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 EL intensities of QW emission as functions of injected current of all the samples under study.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 QD emission intensities as functions of injected current of the four samples with QD deposition.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 I-V curves of all the samples under study. The insert shows the magnified I-V curves in the applied voltage range between 3.7 and 3.9 V.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Semi-log plots for the reversed current under reversed-bias voltage of all the samples under study.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 PL intensity decay profiles of QW and QD emissions in all the samples under study.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Schematic demonstration of the three enhancement effects of SP coupling, including QW emission and QD absorption (in the left portion), and QD emission (in the right portion).
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Absorption spectrum of the used QD. The three vertical dashed lines indicate the QW and QD emission wavelengths, and the PL excitation laser wavelength.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 LED performance characterization and optical measurement results of all the samples under study.

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