Abstract

The transmission performance of 112 Gbit/s PAM-4 signal with commercial 25 G-class EML and APD is experimentally studied by using advanced digital signal processing (DSP) algorithms, i.e. pre-equalization (Pre-EQ), error-table based pre-correction (ETC), least-mean square (LMS) based equalization, direct detection faster than Nyquist (DD-FTN) algorithm. Among them, Pre-EQ and ETC are implemented at the transmitter, and ETC is a symbol-pattern-dependent pre-compensation algorithm based on the look-up-table approach. In order to obtain these pre-compensated parameters readily, a joint equalization and error table generation (JEEG) module is proposed. Employing the combination of ETC, LMS, and DD-FTN, a single line 112 Gbit/s PAM-4 40 km amplifier-less transmission with a record receiver sensitivity of −16.6 dBm (at 7% HD-FEC threshold) is experimentally demonstrated. In addition, the computational complexities of different DSP schemes are analyzed and discussed in detail. The receiver computational complexity can be effectively reduced by employing appropriate ETC and Pre-EQ in the transmitter.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Experimental demonstration of 608Gbit/s short reach transmission employing half-cycle 16QAM Nyquist-SCM signal and direct detection with 25Gbps EML

Kangping Zhong, Xian Zhou, Yiguang Wang, Liang Wang, Jinhui Yuan, Changyuan Yu, Alan Pak Tao Lau, and Chao Lu
Opt. Express 24(22) 25057-25067 (2016)

112 Gb/s transmission over 80 km SSMF using PDM-PAM4 and coherent detection without optical amplifier

Xian Zhou, Kangping Zhong, Jiahao Huo, Lei Gao, Yiguang Wang, Liang Wang, Yanfu Yang, Jinhui Yuan, Keping Long, Li Zeng, Alan Pak Tao Lau, and Chao Lu
Opt. Express 24(15) 17359-17371 (2016)

100 Gbit/s PAM4 signal transmission and reception for 2-km interconnect with adaptive notch filter for narrowband interference

Fan Li, Dongdong Zou, Li Ding, Yidan Sun, Jianping Li, Qi Sui, Liangchuan Li, Xingwen Yi, and Zhaohui Li
Opt. Express 26(18) 24066-24074 (2018)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. Zhong, X. Zhou, J. Huo, C. Yu, C. Lu, and A. P. T. Lau, “Digital signal processing for short-reach optical communications: A review of current technologies and future trends,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(2), 377–400 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Wei, Q. Cheng, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “400 Gigabit Ethernet using advanced modulation formats: performance, complexity, and power dissipation,” Commun. Mag. 53(2), 182–189 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  3. E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168-Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra-data center optical interconnects,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  4. K. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140Gb/s 20km transmission of PAM-4 signal at 1.3um for short reach communications,” Photonic. Tech. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1761 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  5. W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 Gsamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2013, paper OM3H.1.
    [Crossref]
  6. K. Zhong, X. Zhou, T. Gui, L. Tao, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “Experimental study of PAM-4, CAP-16, and DMT for 100 Gb/s short reach optical transmission systems,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1176–1189 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrier-less amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 798–804 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Shi, J. Zhang, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, N. Chi, and J. Yu, “Transmission performance comparison for 100-Gb/s PAM-4, CAP-16, and DFT-S OFDM with direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(23), 5127–5133 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. Fan, Q. Zhuge, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, T. Hoang, F. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and D. V. Plant, “Twin-SSB direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF using Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in European Conference of Optical Communication, 2017, Paper W.2.D.
  10. X. Liu and F. Effenberger, “Emerging optical access network technologies for 5G wireless,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 8(12), B70–B79 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  11. W. Wang, P. Zhao, Z. Zhang, H. Li, D. Zang, N. Zhu, and Y. Lu, “First demonstration of 112 Gb/s PAM-4 amplifier-free transmission over a record reach of 40 km using 1.3 μm directly modulated laser.” in optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2018, Paper Th4B. 8.
  12. M. Nada, Y. Muramoto, H. Yokoyama, T. Ishibashi, and S. Kodama, “High-sensitivity 25 Gbit/s avalanche photodiode receiver optical sub-assembly for 40 km transmission,” Electron. Lett. 48(13), 777–778 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Nada, T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, and H. Matsuzaki, “106-Gbit/s PAM4 40-km transmission using an avalanche photodiode with 42-GHz bandwidth,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2018, Paper W4D. 2.
    [Crossref]
  14. K. Zhong, X. Zhou, J. Huo, H. Zhang, J. Yuan, Y. Yang, C. Yu, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “Amplifier-less transmission of single channel 112 Gb/s PAM4 signal over 40km using 25G EML and APD at O band,” in European Conference of Optical Communication, 2017, Paper P2.SC6.21.
    [Crossref]
  15. X. Li and J. L. J. Cimini, “Effects of clipping and filtering on the performance of OFDM,” in Vehicular Technology Conference, IEEE 47th. 1997, vol. 3, 1634–1638.
  16. M. Oerder and H. Meyr, “Digital filter and square timing recovery,” Trans. Commun. 36(5), 605–612 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  17. R. A. Salvatore, R. T. Sahara, M. A. Bock, and I. Libenzon, “Electroabsorption modulated laser for long transmission spans,” J. Quantum Electron. 38(5), 464–476 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  18. A. Rezania and J. C. Cartledge, “Transmission performance of 448 Gb/s single-carrier and 1.2 Tb/s three-carrier superchannel using dual-polarization 16-QAM with fixed LUT based MAP detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(23), 4738–4745 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. H. Ke, Y. Gao, and J. C. Cartledge, “400 Gbit/s single-carrier and 1 Tbit/s three-carrier superchannel signals using dual polarization 16-QAM with look-up table correction and optical pulse shaping,” Opt. Express 22(1), 71–83 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. P. Gou, L. Zhao, K. Wang, W. Zhou, and J. Yu, “Nonlinear look-up table predistortion and chromatic dispersion precompensation for IM/DD PAM-4 Transmission,” Photonics J. 9(5), 1–7 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  21. C. Chen, X. Tang, and Z. Zhang, “Transmission of 56-Gb/s PAM-4 over 26-km single mode fiber using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2015, Paper Th4A–5.
    [Crossref]
  22. J. Li, E. Tipsuwannakul, T. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Approaching nyquist limit in WDM systems by low complexity receiver-side duobinary shaping,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(11), 1664–1676 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. J. J. Shynk, “Frequency-domain and multirate adaptive filtering,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 9(1), 14–37 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  24. N. Benvenuto and G. Cherubini, Algorithms for Communications Systems and Their Applications (John Wiley & Sons, 2002), Chap. 3.
  25. R. S. Tucker and K. Hinton, “Energy consumption and energy density in optical and electronic signal processing,” Photonics J. 3(5), 821–833 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  26. M. Sharif, J. K. Perin, and J. M. Kahn, “Modulation schemes for single-laser 100 Gb/s links: single-carrier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(20), 4268–4277 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  27. S. Bates, M. Gustlin, and J. Slavick, “FEC options,” IEEE P802.3bj, Newport Beach, 2011.

2018 (1)

2017 (3)

P. Gou, L. Zhao, K. Wang, W. Zhou, and J. Yu, “Nonlinear look-up table predistortion and chromatic dispersion precompensation for IM/DD PAM-4 Transmission,” Photonics J. 9(5), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168-Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra-data center optical interconnects,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Shi, J. Zhang, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, N. Chi, and J. Yu, “Transmission performance comparison for 100-Gb/s PAM-4, CAP-16, and DFT-S OFDM with direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(23), 5127–5133 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

2015 (5)

2014 (2)

2012 (2)

M. Nada, Y. Muramoto, H. Yokoyama, T. Ishibashi, and S. Kodama, “High-sensitivity 25 Gbit/s avalanche photodiode receiver optical sub-assembly for 40 km transmission,” Electron. Lett. 48(13), 777–778 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Li, E. Tipsuwannakul, T. Eriksson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Approaching nyquist limit in WDM systems by low complexity receiver-side duobinary shaping,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(11), 1664–1676 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

R. S. Tucker and K. Hinton, “Energy consumption and energy density in optical and electronic signal processing,” Photonics J. 3(5), 821–833 (2011).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

R. A. Salvatore, R. T. Sahara, M. A. Bock, and I. Libenzon, “Electroabsorption modulated laser for long transmission spans,” J. Quantum Electron. 38(5), 464–476 (2002).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

J. J. Shynk, “Frequency-domain and multirate adaptive filtering,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 9(1), 14–37 (1992).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

M. Oerder and H. Meyr, “Digital filter and square timing recovery,” Trans. Commun. 36(5), 605–612 (1988).
[Crossref]

Andrekson, P. A.

Bock, M. A.

R. A. Salvatore, R. T. Sahara, M. A. Bock, and I. Libenzon, “Electroabsorption modulated laser for long transmission spans,” J. Quantum Electron. 38(5), 464–476 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cartledge, J. C.

Chagnon, M.

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168-Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra-data center optical interconnects,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.

C. Chen, X. Tang, and Z. Zhang, “Transmission of 56-Gb/s PAM-4 over 26-km single mode fiber using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2015, Paper Th4A–5.
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

K. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140Gb/s 20km transmission of PAM-4 signal at 1.3um for short reach communications,” Photonic. Tech. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1761 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Zhong, X. Zhou, T. Gui, L. Tao, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “Experimental study of PAM-4, CAP-16, and DMT for 100 Gb/s short reach optical transmission systems,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1176–1189 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Q.

J. Wei, Q. Cheng, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “400 Gigabit Ethernet using advanced modulation formats: performance, complexity, and power dissipation,” Commun. Mag. 53(2), 182–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chi, N.

Cunningham, D. G.

J. Wei, Q. Cheng, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “400 Gigabit Ethernet using advanced modulation formats: performance, complexity, and power dissipation,” Commun. Mag. 53(2), 182–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Effenberger, F.

El-Fiky, E.

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168-Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra-data center optical interconnects,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317 (2017).
[Crossref]

Eriksson, T.

Fan, S.

S. Fan, Q. Zhuge, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, T. Hoang, F. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and D. V. Plant, “Twin-SSB direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF using Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in European Conference of Optical Communication, 2017, Paper W.2.D.

Gao, Y.

Gou, P.

P. Gou, L. Zhao, K. Wang, W. Zhou, and J. Yu, “Nonlinear look-up table predistortion and chromatic dispersion precompensation for IM/DD PAM-4 Transmission,” Photonics J. 9(5), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gui, T.

Hinton, K.

R. S. Tucker and K. Hinton, “Energy consumption and energy density in optical and electronic signal processing,” Photonics J. 3(5), 821–833 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hoang, T.

S. Fan, Q. Zhuge, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, T. Hoang, F. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and D. V. Plant, “Twin-SSB direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF using Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in European Conference of Optical Communication, 2017, Paper W.2.D.

Huo, J.

Ishibashi, T.

M. Nada, Y. Muramoto, H. Yokoyama, T. Ishibashi, and S. Kodama, “High-sensitivity 25 Gbit/s avalanche photodiode receiver optical sub-assembly for 40 km transmission,” Electron. Lett. 48(13), 777–778 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jensen, J. B.

Kahn, J. M.

Karlsson, M.

Ke, J. H.

Kodama, S.

M. Nada, Y. Muramoto, H. Yokoyama, T. Ishibashi, and S. Kodama, “High-sensitivity 25 Gbit/s avalanche photodiode receiver optical sub-assembly for 40 km transmission,” Electron. Lett. 48(13), 777–778 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lau, A. P. T.

Li, J.

Li, Y.

S. Fan, Q. Zhuge, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, T. Hoang, F. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and D. V. Plant, “Twin-SSB direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF using Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in European Conference of Optical Communication, 2017, Paper W.2.D.

Libenzon, I.

R. A. Salvatore, R. T. Sahara, M. A. Bock, and I. Libenzon, “Electroabsorption modulated laser for long transmission spans,” J. Quantum Electron. 38(5), 464–476 (2002).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Lu, C.

Man, J.

K. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140Gb/s 20km transmission of PAM-4 signal at 1.3um for short reach communications,” Photonic. Tech. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1761 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Zhong, X. Zhou, T. Gui, L. Tao, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “Experimental study of PAM-4, CAP-16, and DMT for 100 Gb/s short reach optical transmission systems,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1176–1189 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsuzaki, H.

M. Nada, T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, and H. Matsuzaki, “106-Gbit/s PAM4 40-km transmission using an avalanche photodiode with 42-GHz bandwidth,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2018, Paper W4D. 2.
[Crossref]

Meyr, H.

M. Oerder and H. Meyr, “Digital filter and square timing recovery,” Trans. Commun. 36(5), 605–612 (1988).
[Crossref]

Monroy, I. T.

Morsy-Osman, M.

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168-Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra-data center optical interconnects,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317 (2017).
[Crossref]

Muramoto, Y.

M. Nada, Y. Muramoto, H. Yokoyama, T. Ishibashi, and S. Kodama, “High-sensitivity 25 Gbit/s avalanche photodiode receiver optical sub-assembly for 40 km transmission,” Electron. Lett. 48(13), 777–778 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Nada, T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, and H. Matsuzaki, “106-Gbit/s PAM4 40-km transmission using an avalanche photodiode with 42-GHz bandwidth,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2018, Paper W4D. 2.
[Crossref]

Nada, M.

M. Nada, Y. Muramoto, H. Yokoyama, T. Ishibashi, and S. Kodama, “High-sensitivity 25 Gbit/s avalanche photodiode receiver optical sub-assembly for 40 km transmission,” Electron. Lett. 48(13), 777–778 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Nada, T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, and H. Matsuzaki, “106-Gbit/s PAM4 40-km transmission using an avalanche photodiode with 42-GHz bandwidth,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2018, Paper W4D. 2.
[Crossref]

Nakajima, F.

M. Nada, T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, and H. Matsuzaki, “106-Gbit/s PAM4 40-km transmission using an avalanche photodiode with 42-GHz bandwidth,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2018, Paper W4D. 2.
[Crossref]

Oerder, M.

M. Oerder and H. Meyr, “Digital filter and square timing recovery,” Trans. Commun. 36(5), 605–612 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ohno, T.

M. Nada, T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, and H. Matsuzaki, “106-Gbit/s PAM4 40-km transmission using an avalanche photodiode with 42-GHz bandwidth,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2018, Paper W4D. 2.
[Crossref]

Olmedo, M. I.

Osman, M.

S. Fan, Q. Zhuge, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, T. Hoang, F. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and D. V. Plant, “Twin-SSB direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF using Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in European Conference of Optical Communication, 2017, Paper W.2.D.

Penty, R. V.

J. Wei, Q. Cheng, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “400 Gigabit Ethernet using advanced modulation formats: performance, complexity, and power dissipation,” Commun. Mag. 53(2), 182–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Perin, J. K.

Plant, D. V.

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168-Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra-data center optical interconnects,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fan, Q. Zhuge, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, T. Hoang, F. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and D. V. Plant, “Twin-SSB direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF using Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in European Conference of Optical Communication, 2017, Paper W.2.D.

Popov, S.

Qiu, M.

S. Fan, Q. Zhuge, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, T. Hoang, F. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and D. V. Plant, “Twin-SSB direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF using Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in European Conference of Optical Communication, 2017, Paper W.2.D.

Rezania, A.

Sahara, R. T.

R. A. Salvatore, R. T. Sahara, M. A. Bock, and I. Libenzon, “Electroabsorption modulated laser for long transmission spans,” J. Quantum Electron. 38(5), 464–476 (2002).
[Crossref]

Salvatore, R. A.

R. A. Salvatore, R. T. Sahara, M. A. Bock, and I. Libenzon, “Electroabsorption modulated laser for long transmission spans,” J. Quantum Electron. 38(5), 464–476 (2002).
[Crossref]

Samani, A.

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168-Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra-data center optical interconnects,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sharif, M.

Shi, J.

Shynk, J. J.

J. J. Shynk, “Frequency-domain and multirate adaptive filtering,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 9(1), 14–37 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sowailem, M.

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168-Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra-data center optical interconnects,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fan, Q. Zhuge, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, T. Hoang, F. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and D. V. Plant, “Twin-SSB direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF using Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in European Conference of Optical Communication, 2017, Paper W.2.D.

Tang, X.

C. Chen, X. Tang, and Z. Zhang, “Transmission of 56-Gb/s PAM-4 over 26-km single mode fiber using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2015, Paper Th4A–5.
[Crossref]

Tao, L.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Tucker, R. S.

R. S. Tucker and K. Hinton, “Energy consumption and energy density in optical and electronic signal processing,” Photonics J. 3(5), 821–833 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

P. Gou, L. Zhao, K. Wang, W. Zhou, and J. Yu, “Nonlinear look-up table predistortion and chromatic dispersion precompensation for IM/DD PAM-4 Transmission,” Photonics J. 9(5), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Wei, J.

J. Wei, Q. Cheng, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “400 Gigabit Ethernet using advanced modulation formats: performance, complexity, and power dissipation,” Commun. Mag. 53(2), 182–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

White, I. H.

J. Wei, Q. Cheng, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “400 Gigabit Ethernet using advanced modulation formats: performance, complexity, and power dissipation,” Commun. Mag. 53(2), 182–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

S. Fan, Q. Zhuge, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, T. Hoang, F. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and D. V. Plant, “Twin-SSB direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF using Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in European Conference of Optical Communication, 2017, Paper W.2.D.

Xu, X.

Yokoyama, H.

M. Nada, Y. Muramoto, H. Yokoyama, T. Ishibashi, and S. Kodama, “High-sensitivity 25 Gbit/s avalanche photodiode receiver optical sub-assembly for 40 km transmission,” Electron. Lett. 48(13), 777–778 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yoshimatsu, T.

M. Nada, T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, and H. Matsuzaki, “106-Gbit/s PAM4 40-km transmission using an avalanche photodiode with 42-GHz bandwidth,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2018, Paper W4D. 2.
[Crossref]

Yu, C.

Yu, J.

J. Shi, J. Zhang, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, N. Chi, and J. Yu, “Transmission performance comparison for 100-Gb/s PAM-4, CAP-16, and DFT-S OFDM with direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(23), 5127–5133 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Gou, L. Zhao, K. Wang, W. Zhou, and J. Yu, “Nonlinear look-up table predistortion and chromatic dispersion precompensation for IM/DD PAM-4 Transmission,” Photonics J. 9(5), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zeng, L.

K. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140Gb/s 20km transmission of PAM-4 signal at 1.3um for short reach communications,” Photonic. Tech. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1761 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Zhong, X. Zhou, T. Gui, L. Tao, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “Experimental study of PAM-4, CAP-16, and DMT for 100 Gb/s short reach optical transmission systems,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1176–1189 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, F.

S. Fan, Q. Zhuge, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, T. Hoang, F. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and D. V. Plant, “Twin-SSB direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF using Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in European Conference of Optical Communication, 2017, Paper W.2.D.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, Z.

C. Chen, X. Tang, and Z. Zhang, “Transmission of 56-Gb/s PAM-4 over 26-km single mode fiber using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2015, Paper Th4A–5.
[Crossref]

Zhao, L.

P. Gou, L. Zhao, K. Wang, W. Zhou, and J. Yu, “Nonlinear look-up table predistortion and chromatic dispersion precompensation for IM/DD PAM-4 Transmission,” Photonics J. 9(5), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhong, K.

Zhong, Q.

Zhou, W.

P. Gou, L. Zhao, K. Wang, W. Zhou, and J. Yu, “Nonlinear look-up table predistortion and chromatic dispersion precompensation for IM/DD PAM-4 Transmission,” Photonics J. 9(5), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X.

Zhou, Y.

Zhuge, Q.

S. Fan, Q. Zhuge, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, T. Hoang, F. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and D. V. Plant, “Twin-SSB direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF using Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in European Conference of Optical Communication, 2017, Paper W.2.D.

Zuo, T.

Commun. Mag. (1)

J. Wei, Q. Cheng, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “400 Gigabit Ethernet using advanced modulation formats: performance, complexity, and power dissipation,” Commun. Mag. 53(2), 182–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Nada, Y. Muramoto, H. Yokoyama, T. Ishibashi, and S. Kodama, “High-sensitivity 25 Gbit/s avalanche photodiode receiver optical sub-assembly for 40 km transmission,” Electron. Lett. 48(13), 777–778 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Signal Process. Mag. (1)

J. J. Shynk, “Frequency-domain and multirate adaptive filtering,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 9(1), 14–37 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. A. Salvatore, R. T. Sahara, M. A. Bock, and I. Libenzon, “Electroabsorption modulated laser for long transmission spans,” J. Quantum Electron. 38(5), 464–476 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168-Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra-data center optical interconnects,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317 (2017).
[Crossref]

Photonic. Tech. Lett. (1)

K. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140Gb/s 20km transmission of PAM-4 signal at 1.3um for short reach communications,” Photonic. Tech. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1761 (2015).
[Crossref]

Photonics J. (2)

P. Gou, L. Zhao, K. Wang, W. Zhou, and J. Yu, “Nonlinear look-up table predistortion and chromatic dispersion precompensation for IM/DD PAM-4 Transmission,” Photonics J. 9(5), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. S. Tucker and K. Hinton, “Energy consumption and energy density in optical and electronic signal processing,” Photonics J. 3(5), 821–833 (2011).
[Crossref]

Trans. Commun. (1)

M. Oerder and H. Meyr, “Digital filter and square timing recovery,” Trans. Commun. 36(5), 605–612 (1988).
[Crossref]

Other (9)

W. Wang, P. Zhao, Z. Zhang, H. Li, D. Zang, N. Zhu, and Y. Lu, “First demonstration of 112 Gb/s PAM-4 amplifier-free transmission over a record reach of 40 km using 1.3 μm directly modulated laser.” in optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2018, Paper Th4B. 8.

M. Nada, T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, and H. Matsuzaki, “106-Gbit/s PAM4 40-km transmission using an avalanche photodiode with 42-GHz bandwidth,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2018, Paper W4D. 2.
[Crossref]

K. Zhong, X. Zhou, J. Huo, H. Zhang, J. Yuan, Y. Yang, C. Yu, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “Amplifier-less transmission of single channel 112 Gb/s PAM4 signal over 40km using 25G EML and APD at O band,” in European Conference of Optical Communication, 2017, Paper P2.SC6.21.
[Crossref]

X. Li and J. L. J. Cimini, “Effects of clipping and filtering on the performance of OFDM,” in Vehicular Technology Conference, IEEE 47th. 1997, vol. 3, 1634–1638.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 Gsamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2013, paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

S. Fan, Q. Zhuge, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, T. Hoang, F. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and D. V. Plant, “Twin-SSB direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF using Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in European Conference of Optical Communication, 2017, Paper W.2.D.

N. Benvenuto and G. Cherubini, Algorithms for Communications Systems and Their Applications (John Wiley & Sons, 2002), Chap. 3.

C. Chen, X. Tang, and Z. Zhang, “Transmission of 56-Gb/s PAM-4 over 26-km single mode fiber using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2015, Paper Th4A–5.
[Crossref]

S. Bates, M. Gustlin, and J. Slavick, “FEC options,” IEEE P802.3bj, Newport Beach, 2011.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (16)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of IM-DD system by the use of 25 G-class EML and APD.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Measured P-V curve of EML and (b) the end-to-end frequency response of optical channel.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The detailed DD-FTN based DSP blocks for PAM-4 signals at (a) the transmitter (Tx) and (b) the receiver (Rx).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 112 Gbit/s PAM-4 BER performance versus (a) the number of LMS equalizer taps at BTB scenario (ROP = −15 dBm), (b) the alpha coefficient of the post-filter in DD-FTN for BTB, 20 km and 40 km transmissions (ROP = −15 dBm).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 112 Gbit/s PAM-4 BER performances versus ROP for BTB, 20 km and 40 km SSMF transmissions with and without DD-FTN.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Block diagram of the JEEG module.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The DSP blocks for PAM-4 signals with the pattern-dependent ETC using JEEG module, (a) the Tx DSP and (b) the Rx DSP
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The generated error tables with (a) 3-symbols pattern combination (k = 1), and (b) 5-symbols pattern combination (k = 2) at BTB scenario (ROP = −11dBm).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Amplitude distribution diagrams of PAM-4 after (a) bit-to-symbol mapping, ETC with (b) 3-symbols and (c) 5-symbols.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 112 Gbit/s PAM-4 BER performances versus ROP for BTB, 20 km and 40 km SSMF transmissions by using ETC with (a) 3-symbols and (b) 5-symbols.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 The DSP blocks for PAM-4 signals with ETC, Pre-EQ and DD-FTN, (a) the Tx DSP and (b) the Rx DSP.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 BER performances variation as both the tap numbers of Tx and Rx equalizers are varied at BTB scenario (ROP = −11 dBm).
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Measured BER performances versus ROP for employing Pre-EQ and ETC with (a) 3-symbols and (b) 5-symbols in the transmitter.
Fig. 14
Fig. 14 CCDF for the PAPR of different pre-compensated signals.
Fig. 15
Fig. 15 BER performance comparison for different DSP schemes after 40 km transmission.
Fig. 16
Fig. 16 The total numbers of the computational operations for every symbol as a function of the tap length for different equalization approaches.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Properties of 112 Gbit/s PAM-4 System with 25 G-class EML and APD over 40 km Amplifier-less SSMF Transmission When using Different Advanced DSP at the Transmitter and the Receiver.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Computational Complexity of Different DSP Modules per Symbol

Tables Icon

Table 3 Number of Operations per Symbol of the Proposed System with Different DSP Strategies.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

C R M L M S f = 26 + 16 log 2 N
C R A L M S f = 22 + 24 log 2 N 2 / N .

Metrics