Abstract

Optically pumped passively modelocked vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VECSELs) can generate pulses as short as 100 fs with an intracavity semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM). Very stable soliton modelocking can be obtained, however, the high-Q-cavity, the short gain lifetime, and the kinetic-hole burning can also support rather complex multipulse instabilities which we analyze in more details here. This onset of multipulse operation limits the maximum average output power with fundamental modelocking and occurs at the roll-over of the cavity round trip reflectivity. Unfortunately, such multipulse operation sometimes can mimic stable modelocking when only limited diagnostics are available.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  39. I. J. Graumann, A. Diebold, C. G. E. Alfieri, F. Emaury, B. Deppe, M. Golling, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Peak-power scaling of femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22519–22536 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  40. C. Baker, M. Scheller, S. W. Koch, A. R. Perez, W. Stolz, R. J. Jones, and J. V. Moloney, “In situ probing of mode-locked vertical-external-cavity-surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(23), 5459–5462 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  41. A. Laurain, R. Rockmore, H.-T. Chan, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, A. R. Perez, W. Stolz, and J. V. Moloney, “Pulse interactions in a colliding pulse mode-locked vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(2), 329–337 (2017).
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    [Crossref]

2018 (1)

C. G. E. Alfieri, D. Waldburger, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “High-power Sub-300-Femtosecond Quantum Dot Semiconductor Disk Lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(6), 525–528 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (11)

J. Hader, M. Scheller, A. Laurain, I. Kilen, C. Baker, J. V. Moloney, and S. W. Koch, “Ultrafast non-equilibrium carrier dynamics in semiconductor laser mode-locking,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 32(1), 013002 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Guina, A. Rantamäki, and A. Härkönen, “Optically pumped VECSELs: review of technology and progress,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(38), 383001 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Jaurigue, B. Krauskopf, and K. Lüdge, “Multipulse dynamics of a passively mode-locked semiconductor laser with delayed optical feedback,” Chaos 27(11), 114301 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Gurevich and J. Javaloyes, “Spatial instabilities of light bullets in passively-mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 96(2), 023821 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Laurain, R. Rockmore, H.-T. Chan, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, A. R. Perez, W. Stolz, and J. V. Moloney, “Pulse interactions in a colliding pulse mode-locked vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(2), 329–337 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. G. E. Alfieri, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, E. Gini, M. Golling, G. Eisenstein, and U. Keller, “Optical efficiency and gain dynamics of modelocked semiconductor disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(6), 6402–6420 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Kilen, S. W. Koch, J. Hader, and J. V. Moloney, “Non-equilibrium ultrashort pulse generation strategies in VECSELs,” Optica 4(4), 412–417 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. F. Voigt, F. Emaury, P. Bethge, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, S. Carta, A. van der Bourg, F. Helmchen, and U. Keller, “Multiphoton in vivo imaging with a femtosecond semiconductor disk laser,” Biomed. Opt. Express 8(7), 3213–3231 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. J. Graumann, A. Diebold, C. G. E. Alfieri, F. Emaury, B. Deppe, M. Golling, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Peak-power scaling of femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22519–22536 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Jornod, K. Gürel, V. J. Wittwer, P. Brochard, S. Hakobyan, S. Schilt, D. Waldburger, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Carrier-envelope offset frequency stabilization of a gigahertz semiconductor disk laser,” Optica 4(12), 1482–1487 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

2015 (4)

M. Mangold, M. Golling, E. Gini, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Sub-300-femtosecond operation from a MIXSEL,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22043–22059 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Baker, M. Scheller, S. W. Koch, A. R. Perez, W. Stolz, R. J. Jones, and J. V. Moloney, “In situ probing of mode-locked vertical-external-cavity-surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(23), 5459–5462 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Marconi, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, and M. Giudici, “Passive Mode-Locking and Tilted Waves in Broad-Area Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 85–93 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude Noise and Timing Jitter Characterization of a High-Power Mode-Locked Integrated External-Cavity Surface Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Pulse repetition rate scaling from 5 to 100 GHz with a high-power semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6099–6107 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Husaini and R. G. Bedford, “Graphene saturable absorber for high power semiconductor disk laser mode-locking,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161107 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Otto, L. C. Jaurigue, E. Schöll, and K. Lüdge, “Optimization of Timing Jitter Reduction by Optical Feedback for a Passively Mode-Locked Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–14 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs Timing Jitter of a SESAM Modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

K. G. Wilcox and A. C. Tropper, “Comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 422–423 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Butkus, E. A. Viktorov, T. Erneux, C. J. Hamilton, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, and E. U. Rafailov, “85.7 MHz repetition rate mode-locked semiconductor disk laser: fundamental and soliton bound states,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25526–25531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2009 (1)

A. G. Vladimirov, A. S. Pimenov, and D. Rachinskii, “Numerical Study of Dynamical Regimes in a Monolithic Passively Mode-Locked Semiconductor Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(5), 462–468 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2005 (3)

A. G. Vladimirov and D. Turaev, “Model for passive mode locking in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(3), 033808 (2005).
[Crossref]

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Mulet and S. Balle, “Mode-Locking Dynamics in Electrically Driven Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(9), 1148–1156 (2005).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-Power (>0.5-W CW) Diode-Pumped Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Semiconductor Lasers with Circular TEM00 Beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

B. Tromborg, H. E. Lassen, and H. Olesen, “Traveling wave analysis of semiconductor lasers: modulation responses, mode stability and quantum mechanical treatment of noise spectra,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 939–956 (1994).
[Crossref]

Alanko, J. P.

A. Härkönen, C. Grebing, J. Paajaste, R. Koskinen, J. P. Alanko, S. Suomalainen, G. Steinmeyer, and M. Guina, “Modelocked GaSb disk laser producing 384 fs pulses at 2 µm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 47(7), 454–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Alfieri, C. G. E.

Artigas, D.

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Aviles-Espinosa, R.

Baker, C.

J. Hader, M. Scheller, A. Laurain, I. Kilen, C. Baker, J. V. Moloney, and S. W. Koch, “Ultrafast non-equilibrium carrier dynamics in semiconductor laser mode-locking,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 32(1), 013002 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Baker, M. Scheller, S. W. Koch, A. R. Perez, W. Stolz, R. J. Jones, and J. V. Moloney, “In situ probing of mode-locked vertical-external-cavity-surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(23), 5459–5462 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balle, S.

M. Marconi, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, and M. Giudici, “Passive Mode-Locking and Tilted Waves in Broad-Area Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 85–93 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Mulet and S. Balle, “Mode-Locking Dynamics in Electrically Driven Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(9), 1148–1156 (2005).
[Crossref]

Barbarin, Y.

Bauer, D.

Bedford, R. G.

S. Husaini and R. G. Bedford, “Graphene saturable absorber for high power semiconductor disk laser mode-locking,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bellancourt, A.-R.

Bethge, P.

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Brochard, P.

Butkus, M.

Carta, S.

Casel, O.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chan, H.-T.

Deppe, B.

Devenoges, L.

Dhanjal, S.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Diebold, A.

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Eisenstein, G.

Emaury, F.

Erneux, T.

Fedorova, K. A.

M. A. Gaafar, A. Rahimi-Iman, K. A. Fedorova, W. Stolz, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 370–400 (2016).
[Crossref]

Filippidis, G.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Fuchs, H.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gaafar, M. A.

M. A. Gaafar, A. Rahimi-Iman, K. A. Fedorova, W. Stolz, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 370–400 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gerster, E.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gini, E.

Giudici, M.

M. Marconi, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, and M. Giudici, “Passive Mode-Locking and Tilted Waves in Broad-Area Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 85–93 (2015).
[Crossref]

Golling, M.

C. G. E. Alfieri, D. Waldburger, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “High-power Sub-300-Femtosecond Quantum Dot Semiconductor Disk Lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(6), 525–528 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. G. E. Alfieri, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, E. Gini, M. Golling, G. Eisenstein, and U. Keller, “Optical efficiency and gain dynamics of modelocked semiconductor disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(6), 6402–6420 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. J. Graumann, A. Diebold, C. G. E. Alfieri, F. Emaury, B. Deppe, M. Golling, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Peak-power scaling of femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22519–22536 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, M. Mangold, C. G. E. Alfieri, E. Gini, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “High-power 100 fs semiconductor disk lasers,” Optica 3(8), 844–852 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Brochard, N. Jornod, S. Schilt, V. J. Wittwer, S. Hakobyan, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, C. G. E. Alfieri, M. Golling, L. Devenoges, J. Morel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “First investigation of the noise and modulation properties of the carrier-envelope offset in a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(14), 3165–3168 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mangold, M. Golling, E. Gini, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Sub-300-femtosecond operation from a MIXSEL,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22043–22059 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude Noise and Timing Jitter Characterization of a High-Power Mode-Locked Integrated External-Cavity Surface Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Pulse repetition rate scaling from 5 to 100 GHz with a high-power semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6099–6107 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Graumann, I. J.

Grebing, C.

A. Härkönen, C. Grebing, J. Paajaste, R. Koskinen, J. P. Alanko, S. Suomalainen, G. Steinmeyer, and M. Guina, “Modelocked GaSb disk laser producing 384 fs pulses at 2 µm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 47(7), 454–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Guina, M.

M. Guina, A. Rantamäki, and A. Härkönen, “Optically pumped VECSELs: review of technology and progress,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(38), 383001 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Härkönen, C. Grebing, J. Paajaste, R. Koskinen, J. P. Alanko, S. Suomalainen, G. Steinmeyer, and M. Guina, “Modelocked GaSb disk laser producing 384 fs pulses at 2 µm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 47(7), 454–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gürel, K.

Gurevich, S. V.

S. V. Gurevich and J. Javaloyes, “Spatial instabilities of light bullets in passively-mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 96(2), 023821 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hader, J.

J. Hader, M. Scheller, A. Laurain, I. Kilen, C. Baker, J. V. Moloney, and S. W. Koch, “Ultrafast non-equilibrium carrier dynamics in semiconductor laser mode-locking,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 32(1), 013002 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Kilen, S. W. Koch, J. Hader, and J. V. Moloney, “Non-equilibrium ultrashort pulse generation strategies in VECSELs,” Optica 4(4), 412–417 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Laurain, R. Rockmore, H.-T. Chan, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, A. R. Perez, W. Stolz, and J. V. Moloney, “Pulse interactions in a colliding pulse mode-locked vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(2), 329–337 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hakimi, F.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-Power (>0.5-W CW) Diode-Pumped Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Semiconductor Lasers with Circular TEM00 Beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hakobyan, S.

Hamilton, C.

Hamilton, C. J.

Häring, R.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Härkönen, A.

M. Guina, A. Rantamäki, and A. Härkönen, “Optically pumped VECSELs: review of technology and progress,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(38), 383001 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Härkönen, C. Grebing, J. Paajaste, R. Koskinen, J. P. Alanko, S. Suomalainen, G. Steinmeyer, and M. Guina, “Modelocked GaSb disk laser producing 384 fs pulses at 2 µm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 47(7), 454–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Heinen, B.

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).
[Crossref]

Helmchen, F.

Hoffmann, M.

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hoogland, S.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Husaini, S.

S. Husaini and R. G. Bedford, “Graphene saturable absorber for high power semiconductor disk laser mode-locking,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jaurigue, L.

L. Jaurigue, B. Krauskopf, and K. Lüdge, “Multipulse dynamics of a passively mode-locked semiconductor laser with delayed optical feedback,” Chaos 27(11), 114301 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jaurigue, L. C.

C. Otto, L. C. Jaurigue, E. Schöll, and K. Lüdge, “Optimization of Timing Jitter Reduction by Optical Feedback for a Passively Mode-Locked Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–14 (2014).
[Crossref]

Javaloyes, J.

S. V. Gurevich and J. Javaloyes, “Spatial instabilities of light bullets in passively-mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 96(2), 023821 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Marconi, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, and M. Giudici, “Passive Mode-Locking and Tilted Waves in Broad-Area Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 85–93 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jones, R. J.

Jornod, N.

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

C. G. E. Alfieri, D. Waldburger, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “High-power Sub-300-Femtosecond Quantum Dot Semiconductor Disk Lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(6), 525–528 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Jornod, K. Gürel, V. J. Wittwer, P. Brochard, S. Hakobyan, S. Schilt, D. Waldburger, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Carrier-envelope offset frequency stabilization of a gigahertz semiconductor disk laser,” Optica 4(12), 1482–1487 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. J. Graumann, A. Diebold, C. G. E. Alfieri, F. Emaury, B. Deppe, M. Golling, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Peak-power scaling of femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22519–22536 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. F. Voigt, F. Emaury, P. Bethge, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, S. Carta, A. van der Bourg, F. Helmchen, and U. Keller, “Multiphoton in vivo imaging with a femtosecond semiconductor disk laser,” Biomed. Opt. Express 8(7), 3213–3231 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. G. E. Alfieri, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, E. Gini, M. Golling, G. Eisenstein, and U. Keller, “Optical efficiency and gain dynamics of modelocked semiconductor disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(6), 6402–6420 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Brochard, N. Jornod, S. Schilt, V. J. Wittwer, S. Hakobyan, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, C. G. E. Alfieri, M. Golling, L. Devenoges, J. Morel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “First investigation of the noise and modulation properties of the carrier-envelope offset in a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(14), 3165–3168 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, M. Mangold, C. G. E. Alfieri, E. Gini, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “High-power 100 fs semiconductor disk lasers,” Optica 3(8), 844–852 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Mangold, M. Golling, E. Gini, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Sub-300-femtosecond operation from a MIXSEL,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22043–22059 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude Noise and Timing Jitter Characterization of a High-Power Mode-Locked Integrated External-Cavity Surface Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Pulse repetition rate scaling from 5 to 100 GHz with a high-power semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6099–6107 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs Timing Jitter of a SESAM Modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

R. Aviles-Espinosa, G. Filippidis, C. Hamilton, G. Malcolm, K. J. Weingarten, T. Südmeyer, Y. Barbarin, U. Keller, S. I. C. O. Santos, D. Artigas, and P. Loza-Alvarez, “Compact ultrafast semiconductor disk laser: targeting GFP based nonlinear applications in living organisms,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(4), 739–747 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rudin, A. Rutz, M. Hoffmann, D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, E. Gini, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Highly efficient optically pumped vertical-emitting semiconductor laser with more than 20 W average output power in a fundamental transverse mode,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2719–2721 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kilen, I.

J. Hader, M. Scheller, A. Laurain, I. Kilen, C. Baker, J. V. Moloney, and S. W. Koch, “Ultrafast non-equilibrium carrier dynamics in semiconductor laser mode-locking,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 32(1), 013002 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Kilen, S. W. Koch, J. Hader, and J. V. Moloney, “Non-equilibrium ultrashort pulse generation strategies in VECSELs,” Optica 4(4), 412–417 (2017).
[Crossref]

Klenner, A.

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude Noise and Timing Jitter Characterization of a High-Power Mode-Locked Integrated External-Cavity Surface Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koch, M.

M. A. Gaafar, A. Rahimi-Iman, K. A. Fedorova, W. Stolz, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 370–400 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).
[Crossref]

Koch, S. W.

J. Hader, M. Scheller, A. Laurain, I. Kilen, C. Baker, J. V. Moloney, and S. W. Koch, “Ultrafast non-equilibrium carrier dynamics in semiconductor laser mode-locking,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 32(1), 013002 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Kilen, S. W. Koch, J. Hader, and J. V. Moloney, “Non-equilibrium ultrashort pulse generation strategies in VECSELs,” Optica 4(4), 412–417 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Laurain, R. Rockmore, H.-T. Chan, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, A. R. Perez, W. Stolz, and J. V. Moloney, “Pulse interactions in a colliding pulse mode-locked vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(2), 329–337 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Baker, M. Scheller, S. W. Koch, A. R. Perez, W. Stolz, R. J. Jones, and J. V. Moloney, “In situ probing of mode-locked vertical-external-cavity-surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(23), 5459–5462 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Koskinen, R.

A. Härkönen, C. Grebing, J. Paajaste, R. Koskinen, J. P. Alanko, S. Suomalainen, G. Steinmeyer, and M. Guina, “Modelocked GaSb disk laser producing 384 fs pulses at 2 µm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 47(7), 454–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kränkel, C.

Krauskopf, B.

L. Jaurigue, B. Krauskopf, and K. Lüdge, “Multipulse dynamics of a passively mode-locked semiconductor laser with delayed optical feedback,” Chaos 27(11), 114301 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kunert, B.

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kuznetsov, M.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-Power (>0.5-W CW) Diode-Pumped Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Semiconductor Lasers with Circular TEM00 Beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lassen, H. E.

B. Tromborg, H. E. Lassen, and H. Olesen, “Traveling wave analysis of semiconductor lasers: modulation responses, mode stability and quantum mechanical treatment of noise spectra,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 939–956 (1994).
[Crossref]

Laurain, A.

J. Hader, M. Scheller, A. Laurain, I. Kilen, C. Baker, J. V. Moloney, and S. W. Koch, “Ultrafast non-equilibrium carrier dynamics in semiconductor laser mode-locking,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 32(1), 013002 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Laurain, R. Rockmore, H.-T. Chan, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, A. R. Perez, W. Stolz, and J. V. Moloney, “Pulse interactions in a colliding pulse mode-locked vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(2), 329–337 (2017).
[Crossref]

Link, S. M.

C. G. E. Alfieri, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, E. Gini, M. Golling, G. Eisenstein, and U. Keller, “Optical efficiency and gain dynamics of modelocked semiconductor disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(6), 6402–6420 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. F. Voigt, F. Emaury, P. Bethge, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, S. Carta, A. van der Bourg, F. Helmchen, and U. Keller, “Multiphoton in vivo imaging with a femtosecond semiconductor disk laser,” Biomed. Opt. Express 8(7), 3213–3231 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, M. Mangold, C. G. E. Alfieri, E. Gini, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “High-power 100 fs semiconductor disk lasers,” Optica 3(8), 844–852 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Brochard, N. Jornod, S. Schilt, V. J. Wittwer, S. Hakobyan, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, C. G. E. Alfieri, M. Golling, L. Devenoges, J. Morel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “First investigation of the noise and modulation properties of the carrier-envelope offset in a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(14), 3165–3168 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude Noise and Timing Jitter Characterization of a High-Power Mode-Locked Integrated External-Cavity Surface Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Pulse repetition rate scaling from 5 to 100 GHz with a high-power semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6099–6107 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Loza-Alvarez, P.

Lüdge, K.

L. Jaurigue, B. Krauskopf, and K. Lüdge, “Multipulse dynamics of a passively mode-locked semiconductor laser with delayed optical feedback,” Chaos 27(11), 114301 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Otto, L. C. Jaurigue, E. Schöll, and K. Lüdge, “Optimization of Timing Jitter Reduction by Optical Feedback for a Passively Mode-Locked Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–14 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lyytikäinen, J.

E. J. Saarinen, J. Lyytikäinen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Hysteresis and multiple pulsing in a semiconductor disk laser with a saturable absorber,” Phys. Rev. E 78(1), 016207 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maas, D. J. H. C.

Maker, G.

Malcolm, G.

Malcolm, G. P. A.

Mangold, M.

Marconi, M.

M. Marconi, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, and M. Giudici, “Passive Mode-Locking and Tilted Waves in Broad-Area Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 85–93 (2015).
[Crossref]

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mayer, A. S.

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moloney, J. V.

A. Laurain, R. Rockmore, H.-T. Chan, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, A. R. Perez, W. Stolz, and J. V. Moloney, “Pulse interactions in a colliding pulse mode-locked vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(2), 329–337 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Kilen, S. W. Koch, J. Hader, and J. V. Moloney, “Non-equilibrium ultrashort pulse generation strategies in VECSELs,” Optica 4(4), 412–417 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Hader, M. Scheller, A. Laurain, I. Kilen, C. Baker, J. V. Moloney, and S. W. Koch, “Ultrafast non-equilibrium carrier dynamics in semiconductor laser mode-locking,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 32(1), 013002 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Baker, M. Scheller, S. W. Koch, A. R. Perez, W. Stolz, R. J. Jones, and J. V. Moloney, “In situ probing of mode-locked vertical-external-cavity-surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(23), 5459–5462 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mooradian, A.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-Power (>0.5-W CW) Diode-Pumped Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Semiconductor Lasers with Circular TEM00 Beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Morel, J.

Morier-Genoud, F.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mulet, J.

J. Mulet and S. Balle, “Mode-Locking Dynamics in Electrically Driven Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(9), 1148–1156 (2005).
[Crossref]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

E. J. Saarinen, J. Lyytikäinen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Hysteresis and multiple pulsing in a semiconductor disk laser with a saturable absorber,” Phys. Rev. E 78(1), 016207 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Olesen, H.

B. Tromborg, H. E. Lassen, and H. Olesen, “Traveling wave analysis of semiconductor lasers: modulation responses, mode stability and quantum mechanical treatment of noise spectra,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 939–956 (1994).
[Crossref]

Otto, C.

C. Otto, L. C. Jaurigue, E. Schöll, and K. Lüdge, “Optimization of Timing Jitter Reduction by Optical Feedback for a Passively Mode-Locked Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–14 (2014).
[Crossref]

Paajaste, J.

A. Härkönen, C. Grebing, J. Paajaste, R. Koskinen, J. P. Alanko, S. Suomalainen, G. Steinmeyer, and M. Guina, “Modelocked GaSb disk laser producing 384 fs pulses at 2 µm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 47(7), 454–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Paschotta, R.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Perez, A. R.

Phillips, C. R.

Pimenov, A. S.

A. G. Vladimirov, A. S. Pimenov, and D. Rachinskii, “Numerical Study of Dynamical Regimes in a Monolithic Passively Mode-Locked Semiconductor Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(5), 462–468 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rachinskii, D.

A. G. Vladimirov, A. S. Pimenov, and D. Rachinskii, “Numerical Study of Dynamical Regimes in a Monolithic Passively Mode-Locked Semiconductor Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(5), 462–468 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rafailov, E. U.

Rahimi-Iman, A.

M. A. Gaafar, A. Rahimi-Iman, K. A. Fedorova, W. Stolz, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 370–400 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Rahimi-Iman, “Recent advances in VECSELs,” J. Opt. 18(9), 093003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rantamäki, A.

M. Guina, A. Rantamäki, and A. Härkönen, “Optically pumped VECSELs: review of technology and progress,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(38), 383001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Resan, B.

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs Timing Jitter of a SESAM Modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

Roberts, J. S.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rockmore, R.

Rudin, B.

Rutz, A.

Saarinen, E. J.

E. J. Saarinen, J. Lyytikäinen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Hysteresis and multiple pulsing in a semiconductor disk laser with a saturable absorber,” Phys. Rev. E 78(1), 016207 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santos, S. I. C. O.

Saraceno, C. J.

Scheller, M.

J. Hader, M. Scheller, A. Laurain, I. Kilen, C. Baker, J. V. Moloney, and S. W. Koch, “Ultrafast non-equilibrium carrier dynamics in semiconductor laser mode-locking,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 32(1), 013002 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Baker, M. Scheller, S. W. Koch, A. R. Perez, W. Stolz, R. J. Jones, and J. V. Moloney, “In situ probing of mode-locked vertical-external-cavity-surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(23), 5459–5462 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schilt, S.

Schöll, E.

C. Otto, L. C. Jaurigue, E. Schöll, and K. Lüdge, “Optimization of Timing Jitter Reduction by Optical Feedback for a Passively Mode-Locked Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–14 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sparenberg, M.

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sprague, R.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-Power (>0.5-W CW) Diode-Pumped Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Semiconductor Lasers with Circular TEM00 Beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Steinmeyer, G.

A. Härkönen, C. Grebing, J. Paajaste, R. Koskinen, J. P. Alanko, S. Suomalainen, G. Steinmeyer, and M. Guina, “Modelocked GaSb disk laser producing 384 fs pulses at 2 µm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 47(7), 454–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Stolz, W.

A. Laurain, R. Rockmore, H.-T. Chan, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, A. R. Perez, W. Stolz, and J. V. Moloney, “Pulse interactions in a colliding pulse mode-locked vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(2), 329–337 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. A. Gaafar, A. Rahimi-Iman, K. A. Fedorova, W. Stolz, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 370–400 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Baker, M. Scheller, S. W. Koch, A. R. Perez, W. Stolz, R. J. Jones, and J. V. Moloney, “In situ probing of mode-locked vertical-external-cavity-surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(23), 5459–5462 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sudmeyer, T.

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs Timing Jitter of a SESAM Modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

Südmeyer, T.

Suomalainen, S.

A. Härkönen, C. Grebing, J. Paajaste, R. Koskinen, J. P. Alanko, S. Suomalainen, G. Steinmeyer, and M. Guina, “Modelocked GaSb disk laser producing 384 fs pulses at 2 µm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 47(7), 454–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sutter, D.

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tilma, B. W.

D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, M. Mangold, C. G. E. Alfieri, E. Gini, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “High-power 100 fs semiconductor disk lasers,” Optica 3(8), 844–852 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Mangold, M. Golling, E. Gini, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Sub-300-femtosecond operation from a MIXSEL,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22043–22059 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude Noise and Timing Jitter Characterization of a High-Power Mode-Locked Integrated External-Cavity Surface Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Pulse repetition rate scaling from 5 to 100 GHz with a high-power semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6099–6107 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs Timing Jitter of a SESAM Modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

Tremont, M. A.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tromborg, B.

B. Tromborg, H. E. Lassen, and H. Olesen, “Traveling wave analysis of semiconductor lasers: modulation responses, mode stability and quantum mechanical treatment of noise spectra,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 939–956 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tropper, A. C.

K. G. Wilcox and A. C. Tropper, “Comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 422–423 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Turaev, D.

A. G. Vladimirov and D. Turaev, “Model for passive mode locking in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(3), 033808 (2005).
[Crossref]

Unger, P.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

van der Bourg, A.

van der Linden, R.

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs Timing Jitter of a SESAM Modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

Viktorov, E. A.

Vladimirov, A. G.

A. G. Vladimirov, A. S. Pimenov, and D. Rachinskii, “Numerical Study of Dynamical Regimes in a Monolithic Passively Mode-Locked Semiconductor Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(5), 462–468 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. G. Vladimirov and D. Turaev, “Model for passive mode locking in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(3), 033808 (2005).
[Crossref]

Voigt, F. F.

Waldburger, D.

C. G. E. Alfieri, D. Waldburger, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “High-power Sub-300-Femtosecond Quantum Dot Semiconductor Disk Lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(6), 525–528 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. G. E. Alfieri, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, E. Gini, M. Golling, G. Eisenstein, and U. Keller, “Optical efficiency and gain dynamics of modelocked semiconductor disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(6), 6402–6420 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. F. Voigt, F. Emaury, P. Bethge, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, S. Carta, A. van der Bourg, F. Helmchen, and U. Keller, “Multiphoton in vivo imaging with a femtosecond semiconductor disk laser,” Biomed. Opt. Express 8(7), 3213–3231 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Jornod, K. Gürel, V. J. Wittwer, P. Brochard, S. Hakobyan, S. Schilt, D. Waldburger, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Carrier-envelope offset frequency stabilization of a gigahertz semiconductor disk laser,” Optica 4(12), 1482–1487 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Brochard, N. Jornod, S. Schilt, V. J. Wittwer, S. Hakobyan, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, C. G. E. Alfieri, M. Golling, L. Devenoges, J. Morel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “First investigation of the noise and modulation properties of the carrier-envelope offset in a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(14), 3165–3168 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, M. Mangold, C. G. E. Alfieri, E. Gini, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “High-power 100 fs semiconductor disk lasers,” Optica 3(8), 844–852 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wallenstein, R.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wang, T. L.

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weber, A.

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weingarten, K. J.

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs Timing Jitter of a SESAM Modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

R. Aviles-Espinosa, G. Filippidis, C. Hamilton, G. Malcolm, K. J. Weingarten, T. Südmeyer, Y. Barbarin, U. Keller, S. I. C. O. Santos, D. Artigas, and P. Loza-Alvarez, “Compact ultrafast semiconductor disk laser: targeting GFP based nonlinear applications in living organisms,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(4), 739–747 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Weyers, M.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wilcox, K. G.

K. G. Wilcox and A. C. Tropper, “Comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 422–423 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wittwer, V. J.

Woll, D.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zaugg, C. A.

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(7), e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude Noise and Timing Jitter Characterization of a High-Power Mode-Locked Integrated External-Cavity Surface Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Pulse repetition rate scaling from 5 to 100 GHz with a high-power semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6099–6107 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zorn, M.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

M. A. Gaafar, A. Rahimi-Iman, K. A. Fedorova, W. Stolz, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 370–400 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
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H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Husaini and R. G. Bedford, “Graphene saturable absorber for high power semiconductor disk laser mode-locking,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161107 (2014).
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Chaos (1)

L. Jaurigue, B. Krauskopf, and K. Lüdge, “Multipulse dynamics of a passively mode-locked semiconductor laser with delayed optical feedback,” Chaos 27(11), 114301 (2017).
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A. Härkönen, C. Grebing, J. Paajaste, R. Koskinen, J. P. Alanko, S. Suomalainen, G. Steinmeyer, and M. Guina, “Modelocked GaSb disk laser producing 384 fs pulses at 2 µm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 47(7), 454–455 (2011).
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B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).
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IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

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A. G. Vladimirov, A. S. Pimenov, and D. Rachinskii, “Numerical Study of Dynamical Regimes in a Monolithic Passively Mode-Locked Semiconductor Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(5), 462–468 (2009).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
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M. Marconi, J. Javaloyes, S. Balle, and M. Giudici, “Passive Mode-Locking and Tilted Waves in Broad-Area Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 85–93 (2015).
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IEEE Photonics J. (3)

C. Otto, L. C. Jaurigue, E. Schöll, and K. Lüdge, “Optimization of Timing Jitter Reduction by Optical Feedback for a Passively Mode-Locked Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–14 (2014).
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V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs Timing Jitter of a SESAM Modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photonics J. 5, 1400107 (2013).

M. Mangold, S. M. Link, A. Klenner, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Amplitude Noise and Timing Jitter Characterization of a High-Power Mode-Locked Integrated External-Cavity Surface Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–9 (2014).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, J. S. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
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M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-Power (>0.5-W CW) Diode-Pumped Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Semiconductor Lasers with Circular TEM00 Beams,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
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C. G. E. Alfieri, D. Waldburger, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “High-power Sub-300-Femtosecond Quantum Dot Semiconductor Disk Lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(6), 525–528 (2018).
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J. Opt. (1)

A. Rahimi-Iman, “Recent advances in VECSELs,” J. Opt. 18(9), 093003 (2016).
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M. Guina, A. Rantamäki, and A. Härkönen, “Optically pumped VECSELs: review of technology and progress,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(38), 383001 (2017).
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Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

K. G. Wilcox and A. C. Tropper, “Comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 422–423 (2013).
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Light Sci. Appl. (1)

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Opt. Express (6)

M. Butkus, E. A. Viktorov, T. Erneux, C. J. Hamilton, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, and E. U. Rafailov, “85.7 MHz repetition rate mode-locked semiconductor disk laser: fundamental and soliton bound states,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25526–25531 (2013).
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M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Pulse repetition rate scaling from 5 to 100 GHz with a high-power semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6099–6107 (2014).
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C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
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C. G. E. Alfieri, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, E. Gini, M. Golling, G. Eisenstein, and U. Keller, “Optical efficiency and gain dynamics of modelocked semiconductor disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(6), 6402–6420 (2017).
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M. Mangold, M. Golling, E. Gini, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Sub-300-femtosecond operation from a MIXSEL,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22043–22059 (2015).
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I. J. Graumann, A. Diebold, C. G. E. Alfieri, F. Emaury, B. Deppe, M. Golling, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Peak-power scaling of femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22519–22536 (2017).
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Opt. Lett. (3)

Optica (3)

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S. V. Gurevich and J. Javaloyes, “Spatial instabilities of light bullets in passively-mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 96(2), 023821 (2017).
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Phys. Rev. E (1)

E. J. Saarinen, J. Lyytikäinen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Hysteresis and multiple pulsing in a semiconductor disk laser with a saturable absorber,” Phys. Rev. E 78(1), 016207 (2008).
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Science (1)

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356(6343), 1164–1168 (2017).
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Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. Hader, M. Scheller, A. Laurain, I. Kilen, C. Baker, J. V. Moloney, and S. W. Koch, “Ultrafast non-equilibrium carrier dynamics in semiconductor laser mode-locking,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 32(1), 013002 (2017).
[Crossref]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Timeline of record performance results from SESAM-modelocked optically pumped VECSELs at a center wavelength of around 1 µm in terms of (a) pulse duration and (b) pulse peak power (see references in [1,7–9]). (Red circle) High-power 100-fs modelocking result as described in more details by Waldburger et al. [14].
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Average output power from a SESAM modelocked VECSEL measured for increasing (solid line) and decreasing (dashed line) pump power. (Markers) measurement points color coded according to their modelocking state: (green circle) fundamental, (orange triangle) side pulse, (violet square) double pulse, and (pink triangle) double & side pulse operation. (b) Representative electric field intensity for the corresponding modelocking states with a zoom into the first pulse: (green) fundamental, (orange) side pulse, (violet) double pulse, and (pink) double & side pulse. The side pulse visible in the zoom is below the resolution on the cavity round trip scale.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Normalized autocorrelation measurement for each of the four modelocking states (colored solid line) with the corresponding fit (black dashed line). (b) Pulse fit function in the time domain featuring one sech2-pulse or two consecutive sech2-pulses with a pulse separation τsep and an asymmetric intensity ratio.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Pulse duration measured for increasing (solid line) and decreasing (dashed line) pump powers. (b) Corresponding full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the optical spectrum for (solid line) increasing and (dashed line) decreasing pump powers.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Optical spectra of the different modelocking states measured with a 0.1 nm resolution. (b) Microwave spectrum of the laser intensity showing first harmonic of the repetition rate for the different modelocking states measured with a resolution bandwidth (RBW) of 97.7 Hz.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Amplitude noise and (b) phase noise power spectral density (PSD) of the first harmonic of the repetition rate for the different modelocking states.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Laser intensity time traces of the different modelocking states measured with a sampling scope. For the double pulse and the double & side pulse state an additional peak is visible, separated by roughly one quarter of the cavity round trip time. (b) Microwave spectrum of the laser intensity showing the high harmonics of the repetition rate for the different modelocking states measured with a resolution bandwidth (RBW) of 300 kHz. For better visibility, the peak maxima are highlighted with circles.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Simulation results based on the coupled multi-delay differential equations (Eq. (1-4) and Table 1): (a) Peak pulse intensity as a function of pump current. The dynamics for increasing (circle) and decreasing (cross) pump current clearly show fundamental modelocking (green), irregular pulse train (light green), and double pulse operation (violet). (b) Irregular pulse train as a function of time, on a time scale much larger (left) and much shorter (right) than one cavity round trip.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Simulation results based on the coupled multi-delay differential equations (Eq. (1-4) and Table 1): (a) Simulation for different pump currents and different positions of the gain chip (described by the distant LOC-VECSEL between the output coupler (OC) and the VECSEL chip at constant total cavity length LCAVITY). The different stability regions are color coded: no lasing (white), fundamental state (green), double pulse state (violet), second harmonic modelocking (magenta), irregular pulse trains (grey), higher order states (dark grey). The black line indicates the gain chip position in the investigated experimental cavity. (b) Time evolution of the electric field intensity at the OC position (blue), of the VECSEL gain (green), and of the SESAM absorption (orange) shown for the two cavity configurations LOC-VECSEL/LCAVITY = 0.5 and 0.25.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 (a) Estimated reflectivity saturation of the VECSEL chip (green), the SESAM (orange), and the cavity round trip (blue) for fundamental modelocking operation with different average output powers. The saturation is estimated for fundamental states in Fig. 2(a). The reflectivity curves are shown for the fundamental state at 20.0 W pump power (dashed lines) and for a theoretical fundamental state at 22.6 W (solid lines), where in the experiment the laser switched to side pulse operation. The stable operation point where the round trip reflectivity is 100% is in good agreement with the corresponding measured average output power (red lines). (b) Simulation (see section 3.4 for more details) of the instantaneous gain of a double passage on the VECSEL chip (green), the instantaneous absorption of the SESAM (orange), and the instantaneous cavity round trip amplification (blue). The simulation shows the response to a 100-fs probe pulse at 20.0 W of pump power (dashed lines) and at 22.6 W pump power (solid lines). In analogy to the side pulse state, the response is shown for a 100-fs probe pulse with an additional side pulse separated by 300 fs at 22.6 W pump power (dotted lines).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Parameter values normalized to the round trip time T = 625 ps used to produce the following simulation results

Equations (4)

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( t ± 1 v g z ) E ± (z,t)=[ α int 2 + 1 2 N(z,t) ] E ± (z,t)
d dt A(t)=γ( κ A(tT) e 1 2 ( G(t τ 1 )+G(t τ 1 2 τ 2 ) )+Q(t τ 1 τ 2 ) A(t) )
d dt G(t)= J G γ G G(t)( e G(t) 1 )( | A(t τ 1 ) | 2 + | A(t τ 1 2 τ 2 ) | 2 e 2Q(t τ 1 )+G(t2 τ 2 ) )
d dt Q(t)= J Q γ Q Q(t) r s ( e 2Q(t) 1) e G(t τ 2 ) | A(t τ 1 τ 2 ) | 2

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