Abstract

The influence of the wavelength on the morphology of nanosecond laser-induced damage on the exit surface of fused silica is investigated. A combination between the typical features of damage sites initiated at 1064 nm and 355 nm is observed at 532 nm, including ring patterns sporadically exhibited, in good agreement with calculations of the development of an electron avalanche at this wavelength. The associated ring appearance speed scales as the cube root of the laser intensity, and is ~10.5 km/s while it is ~20 km/s when initiated by infrared pulses. The whole set of results sheds light on the different wavelength-dependent mechanisms governing damage formation.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (1)

L. Lamaignère, R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-Y. Natoli, and J.-L. Rullier, “Correlation between laser-induced damage densities of fused silica and average incubation fluences at 1064 nm in the nanosecond regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(4), 045306 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, B. Wang, Y. Chai, Z. Yu, and J. Shao, “Origin of the plasma scalds in dielectric coatings induced by 1ω laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(14), 141603 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of vacuum on nanosecond laser-induced surface damage morphology at 1064 nm,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 362, 290–296 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, Y. Chai, B. Wang, and J. Shao, “Intrafilm separation of solgel film under nanosecond irradiation,” Appl. Opt. 54(35), 10504–10509 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, L. Hallo, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Multi-wavelength study of nanosecond laser-induced bulk damage morphology in KDP crystals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(4), 1317–1326 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Parametric study of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(10), 103101 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Lamaignère, M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, R. Courchinoux, and T. Donval, “Laser damage resistance qualification of large optics for high power laser,” Proc. SPIE 9345, 934508 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Chao, C. Xiang’ai, J. Tian, Z. Zhiwu, and D. Yifan, “Time-resolved imagining of filamentary damage on the exit surface of fused silica induced by 1064 nm nanosecond laser pulse,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(15), 155501 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Origin of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021121 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, H. Qi, Z. Fang, Z. Yu, K. Yi, and J. Shao, “1064 nm nanosecond laser induced concentric rings and periodic ripples structures at the exit surface of fused silica,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 309, 79–84 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, R. Courchinoux, P. Grua, J. Luce, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of longitudinal mode beating on laser-induced damage in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 674–677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Material response during nanosecond laser induced breakdown inside of the exit surface of fused silica,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 444–452 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Batavičiūte, E. Pupka, V. Pyragaite, L. Smalakys, and A. Melninkaitis, “Effect of longitudinal laser mode beating in damage probability measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8885, 88851M (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82(18), 184304 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength dependence of laser-induced damage: determining the damage initiation mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

1998 (1)

L. Skuja, “Optically active oxygen-deficiency-related centers in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 16–48 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248–2251 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

1989 (1)

D. Stern, R. W. Schoenlein, C. A. Puliafito, E. T. Dobi, R. Birngruber, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Corneal ablation by nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond lasers at 532 and 625 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 107(4), 587–592 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

1984 (1)

1974 (1)

N. Bloembergen, “Laser-induced electric breakdown in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 375–386 (1974).
[Crossref]

Adams, J. J.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Akhouayri, H.

Amra, C.

Bataviciute, G.

G. Batavičiūte, E. Pupka, V. Pyragaite, L. Smalakys, and A. Melninkaitis, “Effect of longitudinal laser mode beating in damage probability measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8885, 88851M (2013).
[Crossref]

Bercegol, H.

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Birngruber, R.

D. Stern, R. W. Schoenlein, C. A. Puliafito, E. T. Dobi, R. Birngruber, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Corneal ablation by nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond lasers at 532 and 625 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 107(4), 587–592 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bloembergen, N.

N. Bloembergen, “Laser-induced electric breakdown in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 375–386 (1974).
[Crossref]

Bouillet, S.

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bowers, M. W.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bude, J. D.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82(18), 184304 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[Crossref]

Carr, C. W.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82(18), 184304 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength dependence of laser-induced damage: determining the damage initiation mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chai, Y.

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, B. Wang, Y. Chai, Z. Yu, and J. Shao, “Origin of the plasma scalds in dielectric coatings induced by 1ω laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(14), 141603 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, Y. Chai, B. Wang, and J. Shao, “Intrafilm separation of solgel film under nanosecond irradiation,” Appl. Opt. 54(35), 10504–10509 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chambonneau, M.

L. Lamaignère, R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-Y. Natoli, and J.-L. Rullier, “Correlation between laser-induced damage densities of fused silica and average incubation fluences at 1064 nm in the nanosecond regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(4), 045306 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of vacuum on nanosecond laser-induced surface damage morphology at 1064 nm,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 362, 290–296 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Parametric study of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(10), 103101 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Lamaignère, M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, R. Courchinoux, and T. Donval, “Laser damage resistance qualification of large optics for high power laser,” Proc. SPIE 9345, 934508 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Origin of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021121 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, R. Courchinoux, P. Grua, J. Luce, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of longitudinal mode beating on laser-induced damage in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 674–677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chao, S.

S. Chao, C. Xiang’ai, J. Tian, Z. Zhiwu, and D. Yifan, “Time-resolved imagining of filamentary damage on the exit surface of fused silica induced by 1064 nm nanosecond laser pulse,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(15), 155501 (2015).
[Crossref]

Conder, A. D.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Courchinoux, R.

L. Lamaignère, M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, R. Courchinoux, and T. Donval, “Laser damage resistance qualification of large optics for high power laser,” Proc. SPIE 9345, 934508 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, R. Courchinoux, P. Grua, J. Luce, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of longitudinal mode beating on laser-induced damage in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 674–677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cross, D. A.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

DeMange, P.

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82(18), 184304 (2010).
[Crossref]

Demos, S. G.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Material response during nanosecond laser induced breakdown inside of the exit surface of fused silica,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 444–452 (2013).
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C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength dependence of laser-induced damage: determining the damage initiation mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Di Nicola, J. M. G.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Diaz, R.

L. Lamaignère, R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-Y. Natoli, and J.-L. Rullier, “Correlation between laser-induced damage densities of fused silica and average incubation fluences at 1064 nm in the nanosecond regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(4), 045306 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of vacuum on nanosecond laser-induced surface damage morphology at 1064 nm,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 362, 290–296 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Lamaignère, M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, R. Courchinoux, and T. Donval, “Laser damage resistance qualification of large optics for high power laser,” Proc. SPIE 9345, 934508 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Origin of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021121 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, R. Courchinoux, P. Grua, J. Luce, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of longitudinal mode beating on laser-induced damage in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 674–677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dixit, S. N.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Do, B. T.

Dobi, E. T.

D. Stern, R. W. Schoenlein, C. A. Puliafito, E. T. Dobi, R. Birngruber, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Corneal ablation by nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond lasers at 532 and 625 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 107(4), 587–592 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Donval, T.

L. Lamaignère, M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, R. Courchinoux, and T. Donval, “Laser damage resistance qualification of large optics for high power laser,” Proc. SPIE 9345, 934508 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duchateau, G.

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, L. Hallo, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Multi-wavelength study of nanosecond laser-induced bulk damage morphology in KDP crystals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(4), 1317–1326 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Origin of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021121 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fang, Z.

W. Sun, H. Qi, Z. Fang, Z. Yu, K. Yi, and J. Shao, “1064 nm nanosecond laser induced concentric rings and periodic ripples structures at the exit surface of fused silica,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 309, 79–84 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feigenbaum, E.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Feit, M. D.

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Material response during nanosecond laser induced breakdown inside of the exit surface of fused silica,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 444–452 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248–2251 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferriera, J. L.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[Crossref]

Finucane, R. G.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fujimoto, J. G.

D. Stern, R. W. Schoenlein, C. A. Puliafito, E. T. Dobi, R. Birngruber, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Corneal ablation by nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond lasers at 532 and 625 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 107(4), 587–592 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gallais, L.

Grua, P.

L. Lamaignère, R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-Y. Natoli, and J.-L. Rullier, “Correlation between laser-induced damage densities of fused silica and average incubation fluences at 1064 nm in the nanosecond regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(4), 045306 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of vacuum on nanosecond laser-induced surface damage morphology at 1064 nm,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 362, 290–296 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Parametric study of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(10), 103101 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Origin of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021121 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, R. Courchinoux, P. Grua, J. Luce, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of longitudinal mode beating on laser-induced damage in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 674–677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guss, G. M.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hallo, L.

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, L. Hallo, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Multi-wavelength study of nanosecond laser-induced bulk damage morphology in KDP crystals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(4), 1317–1326 (2015).
[Crossref]

Haupt, D. L.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[Crossref]

Henesian, M. A.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Honig, J.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hutcheon, I. D.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[Crossref]

Josse, M.

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kalantar, D. H.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kegelmeyer, L. M.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Khattak, C. P.

Kinney, J. H.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lamaignère, L.

L. Lamaignère, R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-Y. Natoli, and J.-L. Rullier, “Correlation between laser-induced damage densities of fused silica and average incubation fluences at 1064 nm in the nanosecond regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(4), 045306 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of vacuum on nanosecond laser-induced surface damage morphology at 1064 nm,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 362, 290–296 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Parametric study of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(10), 103101 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Lamaignère, M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, R. Courchinoux, and T. Donval, “Laser damage resistance qualification of large optics for high power laser,” Proc. SPIE 9345, 934508 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, L. Hallo, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Multi-wavelength study of nanosecond laser-induced bulk damage morphology in KDP crystals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(4), 1317–1326 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Origin of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021121 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, R. Courchinoux, P. Grua, J. Luce, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of longitudinal mode beating on laser-induced damage in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 674–677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liao, Z. M.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lindsey, E. F.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[Crossref]

Luce, J.

MacGowan, B. J.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Manes, K. R.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Matthews, M. J.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[Crossref]

McCandless, K. P.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mehta, N. C.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Melninkaitis, A.

G. Batavičiūte, E. Pupka, V. Pyragaite, L. Smalakys, and A. Melninkaitis, “Effect of longitudinal laser mode beating in damage probability measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8885, 88851M (2013).
[Crossref]

Miller, P. E.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Natoli, J.-Y.

L. Lamaignère, R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-Y. Natoli, and J.-L. Rullier, “Correlation between laser-induced damage densities of fused silica and average incubation fluences at 1064 nm in the nanosecond regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(4), 045306 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of vacuum on nanosecond laser-induced surface damage morphology at 1064 nm,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 362, 290–296 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Parametric study of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(10), 103101 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, L. Hallo, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Multi-wavelength study of nanosecond laser-induced bulk damage morphology in KDP crystals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(4), 1317–1326 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Origin of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021121 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, R. Courchinoux, P. Grua, J. Luce, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of longitudinal mode beating on laser-induced damage in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 674–677 (2014).
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J.-Y. Natoli, L. Gallais, H. Akhouayri, and C. Amra, “Laser-induced damage of materials in bulk, thin-film, and liquid forms,” Appl. Opt. 41(16), 3156–3166 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Negres, R. A.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Material response during nanosecond laser induced breakdown inside of the exit surface of fused silica,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 444–452 (2013).
[Crossref]

Norton, M. A.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nostrand, M. C.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

O’Connell, R. M.

Orth, C. D.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248–2251 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poncetta, J.-C.

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Porteus, J. O.

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Stern, R. W. Schoenlein, C. A. Puliafito, E. T. Dobi, R. Birngruber, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Corneal ablation by nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond lasers at 532 and 625 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 107(4), 587–592 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pupka, E.

G. Batavičiūte, E. Pupka, V. Pyragaite, L. Smalakys, and A. Melninkaitis, “Effect of longitudinal laser mode beating in damage probability measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8885, 88851M (2013).
[Crossref]

Pyragaite, V.

G. Batavičiūte, E. Pupka, V. Pyragaite, L. Smalakys, and A. Melninkaitis, “Effect of longitudinal laser mode beating in damage probability measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8885, 88851M (2013).
[Crossref]

Qi, H.

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, B. Wang, Y. Chai, Z. Yu, and J. Shao, “Origin of the plasma scalds in dielectric coatings induced by 1ω laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(14), 141603 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, Y. Chai, B. Wang, and J. Shao, “Intrafilm separation of solgel film under nanosecond irradiation,” Appl. Opt. 54(35), 10504–10509 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Sun, H. Qi, Z. Fang, Z. Yu, K. Yi, and J. Shao, “1064 nm nanosecond laser induced concentric rings and periodic ripples structures at the exit surface of fused silica,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 309, 79–84 (2014).
[Crossref]

Radousky, H. B.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength dependence of laser-induced damage: determining the damage initiation mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raman, R. N.

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Material response during nanosecond laser induced breakdown inside of the exit surface of fused silica,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 444–452 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rapoport, W. R.

Reyné, S.

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, L. Hallo, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Multi-wavelength study of nanosecond laser-induced bulk damage morphology in KDP crystals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(4), 1317–1326 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rubenchik, A. M.

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Material response during nanosecond laser induced breakdown inside of the exit surface of fused silica,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 444–452 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248–2251 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rullier, J.-L.

L. Lamaignère, R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-Y. Natoli, and J.-L. Rullier, “Correlation between laser-induced damage densities of fused silica and average incubation fluences at 1064 nm in the nanosecond regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(4), 045306 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of vacuum on nanosecond laser-induced surface damage morphology at 1064 nm,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 362, 290–296 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Parametric study of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(10), 103101 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Origin of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021121 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, R. Courchinoux, P. Grua, J. Luce, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of longitudinal mode beating on laser-induced damage in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 674–677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sacks, R. A.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schoenlein, R. W.

D. Stern, R. W. Schoenlein, C. A. Puliafito, E. T. Dobi, R. Birngruber, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Corneal ablation by nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond lasers at 532 and 625 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 107(4), 587–592 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seitel, S. C.

Shao, J.

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, B. Wang, Y. Chai, Z. Yu, and J. Shao, “Origin of the plasma scalds in dielectric coatings induced by 1ω laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(14), 141603 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, Y. Chai, B. Wang, and J. Shao, “Intrafilm separation of solgel film under nanosecond irradiation,” Appl. Opt. 54(35), 10504–10509 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Sun, H. Qi, Z. Fang, Z. Yu, K. Yi, and J. Shao, “1064 nm nanosecond laser induced concentric rings and periodic ripples structures at the exit surface of fused silica,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 309, 79–84 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shaw, M. J.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248–2251 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siegel, L. R.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Skuja, L.

L. Skuja, “Optically active oxygen-deficiency-related centers in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 16–48 (1998).
[Crossref]

Smalakys, L.

G. Batavičiūte, E. Pupka, V. Pyragaite, L. Smalakys, and A. Melninkaitis, “Effect of longitudinal laser mode beating in damage probability measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8885, 88851M (2013).
[Crossref]

Smith, A. V.

Spaeth, M. L.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[Crossref]

Stern, D.

D. Stern, R. W. Schoenlein, C. A. Puliafito, E. T. Dobi, R. Birngruber, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Corneal ablation by nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond lasers at 532 and 625 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 107(4), 587–592 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stolz, C. J.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248–2251 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, W.

W. Sun, H. Qi, Z. Fang, Z. Yu, K. Yi, and J. Shao, “1064 nm nanosecond laser induced concentric rings and periodic ripples structures at the exit surface of fused silica,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 309, 79–84 (2014).
[Crossref]

Suratwala, T. I.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tian, J.

S. Chao, C. Xiang’ai, J. Tian, Z. Zhiwu, and D. Yifan, “Time-resolved imagining of filamentary damage on the exit surface of fused silica induced by 1064 nm nanosecond laser pulse,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(15), 155501 (2015).
[Crossref]

Trenholme, J. B.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, B. Wang, Y. Chai, Z. Yu, and J. Shao, “Origin of the plasma scalds in dielectric coatings induced by 1ω laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(14), 141603 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, Y. Chai, B. Wang, and J. Shao, “Intrafilm separation of solgel film under nanosecond irradiation,” Appl. Opt. 54(35), 10504–10509 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, B. Wang, Y. Chai, Z. Yu, and J. Shao, “Origin of the plasma scalds in dielectric coatings induced by 1ω laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(14), 141603 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, Y. Chai, B. Wang, and J. Shao, “Intrafilm separation of solgel film under nanosecond irradiation,” Appl. Opt. 54(35), 10504–10509 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wegner, P. J.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Whitman, P. K.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Widmayer, C. C.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wong, J.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xiang’ai, C.

S. Chao, C. Xiang’ai, J. Tian, Z. Zhiwu, and D. Yifan, “Time-resolved imagining of filamentary damage on the exit surface of fused silica induced by 1064 nm nanosecond laser pulse,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(15), 155501 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, S. T.

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M. G. Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowan, M. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, and S. T. Yang, “Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 146–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yi, K.

W. Sun, H. Qi, Z. Fang, Z. Yu, K. Yi, and J. Shao, “1064 nm nanosecond laser induced concentric rings and periodic ripples structures at the exit surface of fused silica,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 309, 79–84 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yifan, D.

S. Chao, C. Xiang’ai, J. Tian, Z. Zhiwu, and D. Yifan, “Time-resolved imagining of filamentary damage on the exit surface of fused silica induced by 1064 nm nanosecond laser pulse,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(15), 155501 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, Z.

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, B. Wang, Y. Chai, Z. Yu, and J. Shao, “Origin of the plasma scalds in dielectric coatings induced by 1ω laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(14), 141603 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, H. Qi, Z. Fang, Z. Yu, K. Yi, and J. Shao, “1064 nm nanosecond laser induced concentric rings and periodic ripples structures at the exit surface of fused silica,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 309, 79–84 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, B. Wang, Y. Chai, Z. Yu, and J. Shao, “Origin of the plasma scalds in dielectric coatings induced by 1ω laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(14), 141603 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, Y. Chai, B. Wang, and J. Shao, “Intrafilm separation of solgel film under nanosecond irradiation,” Appl. Opt. 54(35), 10504–10509 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhiwu, Z.

S. Chao, C. Xiang’ai, J. Tian, Z. Zhiwu, and D. Yifan, “Time-resolved imagining of filamentary damage on the exit surface of fused silica induced by 1064 nm nanosecond laser pulse,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(15), 155501 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (6)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Wang, H. Qi, J. Zhao, B. Wang, Y. Chai, Z. Yu, and J. Shao, “Origin of the plasma scalds in dielectric coatings induced by 1ω laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(14), 141603 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chambonneau, R. Diaz, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Origin of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021121 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, L. Hallo, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Multi-wavelength study of nanosecond laser-induced bulk damage morphology in KDP crystals,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(4), 1317–1326 (2015).
[Crossref]

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R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Influence of vacuum on nanosecond laser-induced surface damage morphology at 1064 nm,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 362, 290–296 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, H. Qi, Z. Fang, Z. Yu, K. Yi, and J. Shao, “1064 nm nanosecond laser induced concentric rings and periodic ripples structures at the exit surface of fused silica,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 309, 79–84 (2014).
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D. Stern, R. W. Schoenlein, C. A. Puliafito, E. T. Dobi, R. Birngruber, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Corneal ablation by nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond lasers at 532 and 625 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 107(4), 587–592 (1989).
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M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-L. Rullier, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Parametric study of the damage ring pattern in fused silica induced by multiple longitudinal modes laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(10), 103101 (2015).
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L. Lamaignère, R. Diaz, M. Chambonneau, P. Grua, J.-Y. Natoli, and J.-L. Rullier, “Correlation between laser-induced damage densities of fused silica and average incubation fluences at 1064 nm in the nanosecond regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(4), 045306 (2017).
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J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
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J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Chao, C. Xiang’ai, J. Tian, Z. Zhiwu, and D. Yifan, “Time-resolved imagining of filamentary damage on the exit surface of fused silica induced by 1064 nm nanosecond laser pulse,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(15), 155501 (2015).
[Crossref]

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S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Material response during nanosecond laser induced breakdown inside of the exit surface of fused silica,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 444–452 (2013).
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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Temporal intensity profile of two different MLM laser pulses at 2ω ( F=96 J/cm2).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Evolution of the surface damage density as a function of the laser fluence at 1ω (red circles), 2ω (green triangles) and 3ω (blue squares). The dashed curves are guides for eyes. The intervals of confidence are calculated according to [27].
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 NIC micrographs of laser-induced damage sites initiated at 1ω, 2ω, and 3ω at the indicated fluences. The spatial scale applies to all images.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 NIC micrograph of a laser-induced damage site with a mixed-morphology initiated at 2ω at 125 J/cm2. The white, yellow, green and red arrows indicate molten material, a chip, a subsurface crack and a ring pattern, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Evolution of the proportion of ring-patterned craters at the indicated average fluence values as a function of the surface damage density at 2ω established in Fig. 2.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Evolution of the electron energy as a function of time at 1ω (red), 2ω (green), and 3ω (blue) according to Eq. (1) at the indicated fluences. The dotted black curve corresponds to the normalized Gaussian intensity profile of the laser pulse implemented for each calculation. The dashed black line at 12 eV corresponds to the typical ionization energy of neutral species in air. The arrows indicate the vertical axis on which the data must be read.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Correspondence representative of the experiments between the renormalized intensity profile of a MLM laser pulse at (a) 1ω ( F=124 J/cm2), and (b) 2ω ( F=122 J/cm2) as a function of the distance r covered by the plasma and a NIC micrograph of the associated damage site. The distance r is calculated according to Eq. (2), and the value of the parameter v 0 is 21 km/s in (a) and 8.8 km/s in (b). The white arrows indicate which intensity spike is associated to a given ring. The distance r=0 corresponds to the starting time t 0 of the air ionization. The spatial scale is different for each image.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) NIC micrograph of a damage site initiated at 3ω ( F=35 J/cm2). (b) Correspondence between a magnified NIC micrograph of the blue dotted area in (a) and the temporal profile of the phase-modulated initiating laser pulse.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of the main results associated with the damage morphology produced with laser pulses of ~6 ns at different wavelengths.

Equations (8)

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dE dt = ν eff ( 2 e 2 I ε 0 c m e ω 2 2 m e E M ),
r(t)= t 0 t v 0 ( I(t) I 0 ) 1 3 dt,
v=A ( I eff ) 1/3 ,
α e 2 ε 0 c m e n e ν c ω 2 ,
I eff1 I eff2 α 1 α 2 4 n e1 n e2 ν c1 ν c2 .
n e1 > n e2 , ν c1 > ν c2 ,
I eff2 < 1 4 I eff1 ,
v 2 < ( 1 4 ) 1/3 v 1 =0.63 v 1 .

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