Abstract

Coupled nanoantennas as metamaterial unit elements possess peculiar spectral and radiational behaviors. We show that nanoantennas made of two identical plasmonic slot resonators can greatly enhance the quality factors of resonance spectra and control radiation patterns through the selective excitation of bright and dark coupled modes. We confirm experimentally the enhanced quality factor of a bright mode in coupled nanoantennas. Adding phase modulators to the coupled microwave antennas, we demonstrate the “dark mode only” excitation of coupled microwave antennas with an incident plane wave. We also show that the bright-to-dark mode conversion and the related changes in radiation patterns can be controlled by the polarization of incident waves. In particular, we achieve leftward or rightward uni-directional radiation upon the injection of left or right circularly polarized waves.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  1. E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A Hybridization Model for the Plasmon Response of Complex Nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. N. Liu and H. Giessen, “Coupling Effects in Optical Metamaterials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(51), 9838–9852 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2105–2110 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. S. Lee and Q.-H. Park, “Dynamic coupling of plasmonic resonators,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21989 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5753 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic Energy Transport in Nanoparticle Chains via Dark Plasmon Modes,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1349–1353 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. B. Willingham and S. Link, “Energy transport in metal nanoparticle chains via sub-radiant plasmon modes,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6450–6461 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. K. Lindfors, D. Dregely, M. Lippitz, N. Engheta, M. Totzeck, and H. Giessen, “Imaging and Steering Unidirectional Emission from Nanoantenna Array Metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 286–292 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  10. I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark Plasmonic Breathing Modes in Silver Nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5780–5783 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of Dark Plasmons in Metal Nanoparticles by a Localized Emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(10), 107401 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. L. Chen, Y. Wei, X. Zang, Y. Zhu, and S. Zhuang, “Excitation of dark multipolar plasmonic resonances at terahertz frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22027 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4–6), 262–266 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. N. Burokur, A. Lupu, and A. de Lustrac, “Direct dark mode excitation by symmetry matching of a single-particle-based metasurface,” Phys. Rev. B 91(3), 035104 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  16. D. E. Gómez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The Dark Side of Plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3722–3728 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. O. Demichel, M. Petit, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, E. Hertz, F. Billard, F. de Fornel, and B. Cluzel, “Selective excitation of bright and dark plasmonic resonances of single gold nanorods,” Opt. Express 22(12), 15088–15096 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. X. Zhang, Q. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Xu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Asymmetric excitation of surface plasmons by dark mode coupling,” Sci. Adv. 2(2), e1501142 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. A. Lovera, B. Gallinet, P. Nordlander, and O. J. F. Martin, “Mechanisms of Fano resonances in coupled plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 7(5), 4527–4536 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-Induced Transparency in Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. J.-H. Choe, J.-H. Kang, D.-S. Kim, and Q. H. Park, “Slot antenna as a bound charge oscillator,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6521–6526 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. X. Zhang, Z. Tian, W. Yue, J. Gu, S. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband Terahertz Wave Deflection Based on C-shape Complex Metamaterials with Phase Discontinuities,” Adv. Mater. 25(33), 4567–4572 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (4)

S. Lee and Q.-H. Park, “Dynamic coupling of plasmonic resonators,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21989 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Lindfors, D. Dregely, M. Lippitz, N. Engheta, M. Totzeck, and H. Giessen, “Imaging and Steering Unidirectional Emission from Nanoantenna Array Metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 286–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Chen, Y. Wei, X. Zang, Y. Zhu, and S. Zhuang, “Excitation of dark multipolar plasmonic resonances at terahertz frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22027 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Q. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Xu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Asymmetric excitation of surface plasmons by dark mode coupling,” Sci. Adv. 2(2), e1501142 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

S. N. Burokur, A. Lupu, and A. de Lustrac, “Direct dark mode excitation by symmetry matching of a single-particle-based metasurface,” Phys. Rev. B 91(3), 035104 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Demichel, M. Petit, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, E. Hertz, F. Billard, F. de Fornel, and B. Cluzel, “Selective excitation of bright and dark plasmonic resonances of single gold nanorods,” Opt. Express 22(12), 15088–15096 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

X. Zhang, Z. Tian, W. Yue, J. Gu, S. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband Terahertz Wave Deflection Based on C-shape Complex Metamaterials with Phase Discontinuities,” Adv. Mater. 25(33), 4567–4572 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. E. Gómez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The Dark Side of Plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3722–3728 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Lovera, B. Gallinet, P. Nordlander, and O. J. F. Martin, “Mechanisms of Fano resonances in coupled plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 7(5), 4527–4536 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark Plasmonic Breathing Modes in Silver Nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic Energy Transport in Nanoparticle Chains via Dark Plasmon Modes,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1349–1353 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Choe, J.-H. Kang, D.-S. Kim, and Q. H. Park, “Slot antenna as a bound charge oscillator,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6521–6526 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

N. Liu and H. Giessen, “Coupling Effects in Optical Metamaterials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(51), 9838–9852 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2105–2110 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of Dark Plasmons in Metal Nanoparticles by a Localized Emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(10), 107401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4–6), 262–266 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-Induced Transparency in Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A Hybridization Model for the Plasmon Response of Complex Nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ali, T.

F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4–6), 262–266 (2008).
[Crossref]

Altissimo, M.

D. E. Gómez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The Dark Side of Plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3722–3728 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biagioni, P.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2105–2110 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Billard, F.

Bouhelier, A.

Brener, I.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Briggs, D. P.

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burokur, S. N.

S. N. Burokur, A. Lupu, and A. de Lustrac, “Direct dark mode excitation by symmetry matching of a single-particle-based metasurface,” Phys. Rev. B 91(3), 035104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chang, W.-S.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic Energy Transport in Nanoparticle Chains via Dark Plasmon Modes,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1349–1353 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

L. Chen, Y. Wei, X. Zang, Y. Zhu, and S. Zhuang, “Excitation of dark multipolar plasmonic resonances at terahertz frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22027 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choe, J.-H.

Cluzel, B.

Colas des Francs, G.

Davis, T. J.

D. E. Gómez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The Dark Side of Plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3722–3728 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Fornel, F.

de Lustrac, A.

S. N. Burokur, A. Lupu, and A. de Lustrac, “Direct dark mode excitation by symmetry matching of a single-particle-based metasurface,” Phys. Rev. B 91(3), 035104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Decker, M.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Demichel, O.

Ditlbacher, H.

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark Plasmonic Breathing Modes in Silver Nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dominguez, J.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dregely, D.

K. Lindfors, D. Dregely, M. Lippitz, N. Engheta, M. Totzeck, and H. Giessen, “Imaging and Steering Unidirectional Emission from Nanoantenna Array Metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 286–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

Earl, S.

D. E. Gómez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The Dark Side of Plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3722–3728 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Engheta, N.

K. Lindfors, D. Dregely, M. Lippitz, N. Engheta, M. Totzeck, and H. Giessen, “Imaging and Steering Unidirectional Emission from Nanoantenna Array Metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 286–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fleischhauer, M.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fofang, N. T.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Forchel, A.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2105–2110 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gallinet, B.

A. Lovera, B. Gallinet, P. Nordlander, and O. J. F. Martin, “Mechanisms of Fano resonances in coupled plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 7(5), 4527–4536 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geisler, P.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2105–2110 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genov, D. A.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-Induced Transparency in Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

K. Lindfors, D. Dregely, M. Lippitz, N. Engheta, M. Totzeck, and H. Giessen, “Imaging and Steering Unidirectional Emission from Nanoantenna Array Metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 286–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Liu and H. Giessen, “Coupling Effects in Optical Metamaterials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(51), 9838–9852 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gómez, D. E.

D. E. Gómez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The Dark Side of Plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3722–3728 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gonzales, E.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gray, S. K.

M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of Dark Plasmons in Metal Nanoparticles by a Localized Emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(10), 107401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, J.

X. Zhang, Q. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Xu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Asymmetric excitation of surface plasmons by dark mode coupling,” Sci. Adv. 2(2), e1501142 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Z. Tian, W. Yue, J. Gu, S. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband Terahertz Wave Deflection Based on C-shape Complex Metamaterials with Phase Discontinuities,” Adv. Mater. 25(33), 4567–4572 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guyot-Sionnest, P.

M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of Dark Plasmons in Metal Nanoparticles by a Localized Emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(10), 107401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Halas, N. J.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A Hybridization Model for the Plasmon Response of Complex Nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, J.

X. Zhang, Q. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Xu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Asymmetric excitation of surface plasmons by dark mode coupling,” Sci. Adv. 2(2), e1501142 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Z. Tian, W. Yue, J. Gu, S. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband Terahertz Wave Deflection Based on C-shape Complex Metamaterials with Phase Discontinuities,” Adv. Mater. 25(33), 4567–4572 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, F.

F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4–6), 262–266 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hecht, B.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2105–2110 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hertz, E.

Hofer, F.

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark Plasmonic Breathing Modes in Silver Nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hohenau, A.

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark Plasmonic Breathing Modes in Silver Nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hohenester, U.

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark Plasmonic Breathing Modes in Silver Nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, J.-S.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2105–2110 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kamp, M.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2105–2110 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, J.-H.

Kästel, J.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kenney, M.

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kern, J.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2105–2110 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, D.-S.

Kivshar, Y.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kravchenko, I. I.

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krenn, J. R.

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark Plasmonic Breathing Modes in Silver Nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Langguth, L.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Larsson, E. M.

F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4–6), 262–266 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

S. Lee and Q.-H. Park, “Dynamic coupling of plasmonic resonators,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21989 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, T.-W.

M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of Dark Plasmons in Metal Nanoparticles by a Localized Emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(10), 107401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

X. Zhang, Q. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Xu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Asymmetric excitation of surface plasmons by dark mode coupling,” Sci. Adv. 2(2), e1501142 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lindfors, K.

K. Lindfors, D. Dregely, M. Lippitz, N. Engheta, M. Totzeck, and H. Giessen, “Imaging and Steering Unidirectional Emission from Nanoantenna Array Metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 286–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

Link, S.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic Energy Transport in Nanoparticle Chains via Dark Plasmon Modes,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1349–1353 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Willingham and S. Link, “Energy transport in metal nanoparticle chains via sub-radiant plasmon modes,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6450–6461 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lippitz, M.

K. Lindfors, D. Dregely, M. Lippitz, N. Engheta, M. Totzeck, and H. Giessen, “Imaging and Steering Unidirectional Emission from Nanoantenna Array Metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 286–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, M.

M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of Dark Plasmons in Metal Nanoparticles by a Localized Emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(10), 107401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-Induced Transparency in Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, N.

N. Liu and H. Giessen, “Coupling Effects in Optical Metamaterials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(51), 9838–9852 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, S.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

X. Zhang, Q. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Xu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Asymmetric excitation of surface plasmons by dark mode coupling,” Sci. Adv. 2(2), e1501142 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lovera, A.

A. Lovera, B. Gallinet, P. Nordlander, and O. J. F. Martin, “Mechanisms of Fano resonances in coupled plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 7(5), 4527–4536 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luk, T. S.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lupu, A.

S. N. Burokur, A. Lupu, and A. de Lustrac, “Direct dark mode excitation by symmetry matching of a single-particle-based metasurface,” Phys. Rev. B 91(3), 035104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Martin, O. J. F.

A. Lovera, B. Gallinet, P. Nordlander, and O. J. F. Martin, “Mechanisms of Fano resonances in coupled plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 7(5), 4527–4536 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nauert, S. L.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic Energy Transport in Nanoparticle Chains via Dark Plasmon Modes,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1349–1353 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neshev, D. N.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

A. Lovera, B. Gallinet, P. Nordlander, and O. J. F. Martin, “Mechanisms of Fano resonances in coupled plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 7(5), 4527–4536 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4–6), 262–266 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A Hybridization Model for the Plasmon Response of Complex Nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Olson, J.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic Energy Transport in Nanoparticle Chains via Dark Plasmon Modes,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1349–1353 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ouyang, C.

X. Zhang, Q. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Xu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Asymmetric excitation of surface plasmons by dark mode coupling,” Sci. Adv. 2(2), e1501142 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, Q. H.

Park, Q.-H.

S. Lee and Q.-H. Park, “Dynamic coupling of plasmonic resonators,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21989 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paul, A.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic Energy Transport in Nanoparticle Chains via Dark Plasmon Modes,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1349–1353 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pelton, M.

M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of Dark Plasmons in Metal Nanoparticles by a Localized Emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(10), 107401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petit, M.

Pfau, T.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prodan, E.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A Hybridization Model for the Plasmon Response of Complex Nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Radloff, C.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A Hybridization Model for the Plasmon Response of Complex Nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roberts, A.

D. E. Gómez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The Dark Side of Plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3722–3728 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, F.-P.

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark Plasmonic Breathing Modes in Silver Nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, Y.

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Slaughter, L. S.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic Energy Transport in Nanoparticle Chains via Dark Plasmon Modes,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1349–1353 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solis, D.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic Energy Transport in Nanoparticle Chains via Dark Plasmon Modes,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1349–1353 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Staude, I.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, X.

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sutherland, D. S.

F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4–6), 262–266 (2008).
[Crossref]

Swanglap, P.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic Energy Transport in Nanoparticle Chains via Dark Plasmon Modes,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1349–1353 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teo, Z. Q.

D. E. Gómez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The Dark Side of Plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3722–3728 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, Z.

X. Zhang, Q. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Xu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Asymmetric excitation of surface plasmons by dark mode coupling,” Sci. Adv. 2(2), e1501142 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Z. Tian, W. Yue, J. Gu, S. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband Terahertz Wave Deflection Based on C-shape Complex Metamaterials with Phase Discontinuities,” Adv. Mater. 25(33), 4567–4572 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Totzeck, M.

K. Lindfors, D. Dregely, M. Lippitz, N. Engheta, M. Totzeck, and H. Giessen, “Imaging and Steering Unidirectional Emission from Nanoantenna Array Metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 286–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

Valentine, J.

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-Induced Transparency in Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, Y.

L. Chen, Y. Wei, X. Zang, Y. Zhu, and S. Zhuang, “Excitation of dark multipolar plasmonic resonances at terahertz frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22027 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weinmann, P.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2105–2110 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willingham, B.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic Energy Transport in Nanoparticle Chains via Dark Plasmon Modes,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1349–1353 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Willingham and S. Link, “Energy transport in metal nanoparticle chains via sub-radiant plasmon modes,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6450–6461 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, N.

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Q.

X. Zhang, Q. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Xu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Asymmetric excitation of surface plasmons by dark mode coupling,” Sci. Adv. 2(2), e1501142 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Y.

X. Zhang, Q. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Xu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Asymmetric excitation of surface plasmons by dark mode coupling,” Sci. Adv. 2(2), e1501142 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yue, W.

X. Zhang, Z. Tian, W. Yue, J. Gu, S. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband Terahertz Wave Deflection Based on C-shape Complex Metamaterials with Phase Discontinuities,” Adv. Mater. 25(33), 4567–4572 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zang, X.

L. Chen, Y. Wei, X. Zang, Y. Zhu, and S. Zhuang, “Excitation of dark multipolar plasmonic resonances at terahertz frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22027 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

X. Zhang, Q. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Xu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Asymmetric excitation of surface plasmons by dark mode coupling,” Sci. Adv. 2(2), e1501142 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Z. Tian, W. Yue, J. Gu, S. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband Terahertz Wave Deflection Based on C-shape Complex Metamaterials with Phase Discontinuities,” Adv. Mater. 25(33), 4567–4572 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-Induced Transparency in Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

X. Zhang, Q. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Xu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Asymmetric excitation of surface plasmons by dark mode coupling,” Sci. Adv. 2(2), e1501142 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Z. Tian, W. Yue, J. Gu, S. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband Terahertz Wave Deflection Based on C-shape Complex Metamaterials with Phase Discontinuities,” Adv. Mater. 25(33), 4567–4572 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, Q. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Xu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Asymmetric excitation of surface plasmons by dark mode coupling,” Sci. Adv. 2(2), e1501142 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Q. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Xu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Asymmetric excitation of surface plasmons by dark mode coupling,” Sci. Adv. 2(2), e1501142 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Z. Tian, W. Yue, J. Gu, S. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband Terahertz Wave Deflection Based on C-shape Complex Metamaterials with Phase Discontinuities,” Adv. Mater. 25(33), 4567–4572 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-Induced Transparency in Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Y.

L. Chen, Y. Wei, X. Zang, Y. Zhu, and S. Zhuang, “Excitation of dark multipolar plasmonic resonances at terahertz frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22027 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhuang, S.

L. Chen, Y. Wei, X. Zang, Y. Zhu, and S. Zhuang, “Excitation of dark multipolar plasmonic resonances at terahertz frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22027 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (2)

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Lovera, B. Gallinet, P. Nordlander, and O. J. F. Martin, “Mechanisms of Fano resonances in coupled plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 7(5), 4527–4536 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

K. Lindfors, D. Dregely, M. Lippitz, N. Engheta, M. Totzeck, and H. Giessen, “Imaging and Steering Unidirectional Emission from Nanoantenna Array Metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 286–292 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

L. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Su, N. Xu, C. Ouyang, Y. Shi, J. Han, W. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Z. Tian, W. Yue, J. Gu, S. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband Terahertz Wave Deflection Based on C-shape Complex Metamaterials with Phase Discontinuities,” Adv. Mater. 25(33), 4567–4572 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

N. Liu and H. Giessen, “Coupling Effects in Optical Metamaterials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(51), 9838–9852 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Hao, E. M. Larsson, T. Ali, D. S. Sutherland, and P. Nordlander, “Shedding light on dark plasmons in gold nanorings,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 458(4–6), 262–266 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (4)

D. E. Gómez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The Dark Side of Plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3722–3728 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark Plasmonic Breathing Modes in Silver Nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2105–2110 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic Energy Transport in Nanoparticle Chains via Dark Plasmon Modes,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1349–1353 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

Y. Yang, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “All-dielectric metasurface analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5753 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. N. Burokur, A. Lupu, and A. de Lustrac, “Direct dark mode excitation by symmetry matching of a single-particle-based metasurface,” Phys. Rev. B 91(3), 035104 (2015).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 When two slot antennas are coupled electromagnetically, hybridized modes occur named as (b) bright mode (c) dark mode. The columns show, from left to right, the schematic of the hybridized modes, the calculated electric field map, and the Q-factor of each mode.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Ag slot antennas on a glass substrate designed so that the resonance wavelength is 3.5 μm. (b) Dependence of the Q-factor of the bright mode on the separation between slot antennas. (c) Resonance spectra of the single slot antenna. (d) Resonance spectra of the double slot antennas when the Q-factor is maximized. The columns show, from left to right, the calculated spectrum, the SEM image and the measured spectrum.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) To selectively excite the dark and the bright modes of the double slot antennas, arrays of circular SRRs are placed for phase control of the incident electric field. (b) Depending on the polarization of the incident wave, the phase of the E x field is modulated as shown in the field maps, exciting either the dark or the bright mode. (c) The measured phase difference between slot antennas depending on the excited mode. Separation between slot antennas is 5 mm (black), 3 mm (red), 2 mm (blue). (d) Measured and calculated near field spectra of the dark mode with the near field spectrum of the single slot antenna (green).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Radiation pattern of a parallel dipole pair and the bright mode of coupled slot antennas. (b) Radiation pattern of anti-parallel dipole pair and the dark mode. Radiation pattern of dipole pair with (c) π/2 and (d) π/2 phase difference between dipoles. Corresponding radiation patterns of slot antennas excited under (c) right and (d) left circularly polarized incident light. Three-dimensional maps are the radiation patterns of dipole pairs when the dipoles are separated in the x-direction. Two-dimensional graphs are the calculated radiation patterns of the slot antennas.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Electric intensity maps of (a) the bright mode and (b) the dark mode. The first and second columns are calculated maps, and the last is the measurements taken during the microwave experiment. The intensity on the xy-plane is calculated and measured 130 mm away from slots in z-axis.

Equations (3)

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H( r )= c k 2 4π r 2 ( r×p ) e ikr ,E= i k μ 0 ε 0 ×H, dP dΩ = 1 2 Re[ rrE× H * ].
H( r ) c k 2 4π r 2 ( r×p ) e ikr ( e ikdsinθcosϕ/2 ± e ikdsinθcosϕ/2 ).
H( r )= c k 2 4π r 2 ( r×p ) e ikr ( 1±sinθcosϕ ), dP dΩ ( 1 sin 2 θ sin 2 ϕ )× ( 1±sinθcosϕ ) 2 ,

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