Abstract

A modulation-nonmodulation pyramid wavefront sensor with direct gradient reconstruction algorithm using on the adaptive optics is reported in this paper. This means that the interaction matrix of the system is obtained by using a modulated pyramid and the closed-loop control process is performed with a nonmodulated pyramid. The theoretical basis and simulation analysis of the direct gradient reconstruction algorithm are described in detail, and laboratory results show that the pyramid wavefront sensor based on this algorithm can work as expected in a closed-loop adaptive optics system.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
  2. R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic Wave Front sensor in closed loop Adaptive Optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 350, 23–26 (1999).
  3. T. Y. Chew, R. M. Clare, and R. G. Lane, “A comparison of the Shack-Hartmann and pyramid wavefront sensors,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 189–195 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  7. F. Quirós-Pacheco, G. Agapito, A. Riccardi, S. Esposito, M. Le Louarn, and E. Marchetti, “Performance simulation of the ERIS pyramid wavefront sensor module in the VLT adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 8447, 84475L (2012).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory Ground-Layer Adaptive Opitcs Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X (2006).
  10. X. Zhang, W. Gaessler, A. R. Conrad, T. Bertram, C. Arcidiacono, T. M. Herbst, M. Kuerster, P. Bizenberger, D. Meschke, H.-W. Rix, C. Rao, L. Mohr, F. Briegel, F. Kittmann, J. Berwein, J. Trowitzsch, L. Schreiber, R. Ragazzoni, and E. Diolaiti, “First laboratory results with the LINC-NIRVANA high layer wavefront sensor,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16087–16095 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. S. Esposito, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, A. Tozzi, and P. Stefanini, “Pyramid sensor for segmented mirror alignment,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2572–2574 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. M. Bonaglia, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, S. Esposito, J. C. Guerra, R. Myers, and N. Dipper, “First cophasing of a segmented mirror with a Tunable Filter and the Pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 77392Y (2010).
    [Crossref]
  13. R. Ragazzoni, E. Diolaiti, and E. Vernet, “A pyramid wavefront sensor with no dynamic modulation,” Opt. Commun. 208(1-3), 51–60 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. B. Costa, “Modulation effect of the atmosphere in a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Appl. Opt. 44(1), 60–66 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. J. LeDue, L. Jolissaint, J.-P. Véran, and C. Bradley, “Calibration and testing with real turbulence of a pyramid sensor employing static modulation,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7186–7195 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of any modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  17. C. Vérinaud, “On the nature of the measurements provided by a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Opt. Commun. 233(1-3), 27–38 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  18. A. Burvall, E. Daly, S. R. Chamot, and C. Dainty, “Linearity of the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11925–11934 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. C. Boyer, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Adaptive Optics: Interaction matrix measurements and real time control algorithms for the COME-ON project,” Proc. SPIE 1237, 406–421 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  20. W. Jiang and H. Li, “Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensing and wavefront control algorithm,” Proc. SPIE 1271, 82–93 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  21. E. Diolaiti, A. Tozzi, R. Ragazzoni, D. Ferruzzi, E. Vernet-Viard, S. Esposito, J. Farinato, A. Ghedina, and A. Riccardi, “Some novel concepts in multipyramid wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 299–306 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  22. A. Tozzi, P. Stefanini, E. Pinna, and S. Esposito, “The double pyramid wavefront sensor for LBT,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701558 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  23. K. Wei, X. Zhang, H. Xian, W. Ma, A. Zhang, L. Zhou, C. Guan, M. Li, D. Chen, S. Chen, L. Zhou, C. Rao, and Y. Zhang, “First light on the 127-element adaptive optical system for 1.8m telescope,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8(11), 1019–1021 (2010).
    [Crossref]

2012 (1)

F. Quirós-Pacheco, G. Agapito, A. Riccardi, S. Esposito, M. Le Louarn, and E. Marchetti, “Performance simulation of the ERIS pyramid wavefront sensor module in the VLT adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 8447, 84475L (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

M. Bonaglia, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, S. Esposito, J. C. Guerra, R. Myers, and N. Dipper, “First cophasing of a segmented mirror with a Tunable Filter and the Pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 77392Y (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Wei, X. Zhang, H. Xian, W. Ma, A. Zhang, L. Zhou, C. Guan, M. Li, D. Chen, S. Chen, L. Zhou, C. Rao, and Y. Zhang, “First light on the 127-element adaptive optical system for 1.8m telescope,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8(11), 1019–1021 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

A. Tozzi, P. Stefanini, E. Pinna, and S. Esposito, “The double pyramid wavefront sensor for LBT,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701558 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (5)

A. Burvall, E. Daly, S. R. Chamot, and C. Dainty, “Linearity of the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11925–11934 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory Ground-Layer Adaptive Opitcs Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X (2006).

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Chew, R. M. Clare, and R. G. Lane, “A comparison of the Shack-Hartmann and pyramid wavefront sensors,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 189–195 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

C. Vérinaud, “On the nature of the measurements provided by a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Opt. Commun. 233(1-3), 27–38 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of any modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

E. Diolaiti, A. Tozzi, R. Ragazzoni, D. Ferruzzi, E. Vernet-Viard, S. Esposito, J. Farinato, A. Ghedina, and A. Riccardi, “Some novel concepts in multipyramid wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 299–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

R. Ragazzoni, E. Diolaiti, and E. Vernet, “A pyramid wavefront sensor with no dynamic modulation,” Opt. Commun. 208(1-3), 51–60 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic Wave Front sensor in closed loop Adaptive Optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 350, 23–26 (1999).

1996 (1)

R. Ragazzoni, “Pupil plane wavefront sensing with an oscillating prism,” J. Mod. Opt. 43(2), 289–293 (1996).
[Crossref]

1990 (2)

C. Boyer, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Adaptive Optics: Interaction matrix measurements and real time control algorithms for the COME-ON project,” Proc. SPIE 1237, 406–421 (1990).
[Crossref]

W. Jiang and H. Li, “Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensing and wavefront control algorithm,” Proc. SPIE 1271, 82–93 (1990).
[Crossref]

Aceituno, J.

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218 (2006).
[Crossref]

Agapito, G.

F. Quirós-Pacheco, G. Agapito, A. Riccardi, S. Esposito, M. Le Louarn, and E. Marchetti, “Performance simulation of the ERIS pyramid wavefront sensor module in the VLT adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 8447, 84475L (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

Arcidiacono, C.

X. Zhang, W. Gaessler, A. R. Conrad, T. Bertram, C. Arcidiacono, T. M. Herbst, M. Kuerster, P. Bizenberger, D. Meschke, H.-W. Rix, C. Rao, L. Mohr, F. Briegel, F. Kittmann, J. Berwein, J. Trowitzsch, L. Schreiber, R. Ragazzoni, and E. Diolaiti, “First laboratory results with the LINC-NIRVANA high layer wavefront sensor,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16087–16095 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory Ground-Layer Adaptive Opitcs Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X (2006).

Bagnara, P.

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

Baruffolo, A.

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bertram, T.

Berwein, J.

Bizenberger, P.

Bonaglia, M.

M. Bonaglia, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, S. Esposito, J. C. Guerra, R. Myers, and N. Dipper, “First cophasing of a segmented mirror with a Tunable Filter and the Pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 77392Y (2010).
[Crossref]

Boyer, C.

C. Boyer, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Adaptive Optics: Interaction matrix measurements and real time control algorithms for the COME-ON project,” Proc. SPIE 1237, 406–421 (1990).
[Crossref]

Bradley, C.

Briegel, F.

Briguglio, R.

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brusa-Zappellini, G.

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brynnel, J.

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

Burvall, A.

Busoni, L.

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

Carbillet, M.

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of any modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

Carmona Rodriguez, C. J.

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

Cecconi, M.

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

Chamot, S. R.

Chen, D.

Chen, S.

Chew, T. Y.

T. Y. Chew, R. M. Clare, and R. G. Lane, “A comparison of the Shack-Hartmann and pyramid wavefront sensors,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 189–195 (2006).
[Crossref]

Clare, R. M.

T. Y. Chew, R. M. Clare, and R. G. Lane, “A comparison of the Shack-Hartmann and pyramid wavefront sensors,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 189–195 (2006).
[Crossref]

Conrad, A. R.

Costa, J. B.

J. B. Costa, “Modulation effect of the atmosphere in a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Appl. Opt. 44(1), 60–66 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of any modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cresci, G.

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

Crimi, G.

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dainty, C.

Daly, E.

Demers, R.

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

Diolaiti, E.

X. Zhang, W. Gaessler, A. R. Conrad, T. Bertram, C. Arcidiacono, T. M. Herbst, M. Kuerster, P. Bizenberger, D. Meschke, H.-W. Rix, C. Rao, L. Mohr, F. Briegel, F. Kittmann, J. Berwein, J. Trowitzsch, L. Schreiber, R. Ragazzoni, and E. Diolaiti, “First laboratory results with the LINC-NIRVANA high layer wavefront sensor,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16087–16095 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory Ground-Layer Adaptive Opitcs Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X (2006).

E. Diolaiti, A. Tozzi, R. Ragazzoni, D. Ferruzzi, E. Vernet-Viard, S. Esposito, J. Farinato, A. Ghedina, and A. Riccardi, “Some novel concepts in multipyramid wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 299–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Ragazzoni, E. Diolaiti, and E. Vernet, “A pyramid wavefront sensor with no dynamic modulation,” Opt. Commun. 208(1-3), 51–60 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dipper, N.

M. Bonaglia, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, S. Esposito, J. C. Guerra, R. Myers, and N. Dipper, “First cophasing of a segmented mirror with a Tunable Filter and the Pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 77392Y (2010).
[Crossref]

Egner, S. E.

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory Ground-Layer Adaptive Opitcs Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X (2006).

Esposito, S.

F. Quirós-Pacheco, G. Agapito, A. Riccardi, S. Esposito, M. Le Louarn, and E. Marchetti, “Performance simulation of the ERIS pyramid wavefront sensor module in the VLT adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 8447, 84475L (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Bonaglia, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, S. Esposito, J. C. Guerra, R. Myers, and N. Dipper, “First cophasing of a segmented mirror with a Tunable Filter and the Pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 77392Y (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Tozzi, P. Stefanini, E. Pinna, and S. Esposito, “The double pyramid wavefront sensor for LBT,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701558 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Esposito, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, A. Tozzi, and P. Stefanini, “Pyramid sensor for segmented mirror alignment,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2572–2574 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Diolaiti, A. Tozzi, R. Ragazzoni, D. Ferruzzi, E. Vernet-Viard, S. Esposito, J. Farinato, A. Ghedina, and A. Riccardi, “Some novel concepts in multipyramid wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 299–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of any modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

Farinato, J.

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory Ground-Layer Adaptive Opitcs Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X (2006).

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of any modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

E. Diolaiti, A. Tozzi, R. Ragazzoni, D. Ferruzzi, E. Vernet-Viard, S. Esposito, J. Farinato, A. Ghedina, and A. Riccardi, “Some novel concepts in multipyramid wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 299–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic Wave Front sensor in closed loop Adaptive Optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 350, 23–26 (1999).

Feldt, M.

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of any modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ferruzzi, D.

E. Diolaiti, A. Tozzi, R. Ragazzoni, D. Ferruzzi, E. Vernet-Viard, S. Esposito, J. Farinato, A. Ghedina, and A. Riccardi, “Some novel concepts in multipyramid wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 299–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fini, L.

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gaessler, W.

X. Zhang, W. Gaessler, A. R. Conrad, T. Bertram, C. Arcidiacono, T. M. Herbst, M. Kuerster, P. Bizenberger, D. Meschke, H.-W. Rix, C. Rao, L. Mohr, F. Briegel, F. Kittmann, J. Berwein, J. Trowitzsch, L. Schreiber, R. Ragazzoni, and E. Diolaiti, “First laboratory results with the LINC-NIRVANA high layer wavefront sensor,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16087–16095 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory Ground-Layer Adaptive Opitcs Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X (2006).

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

Ghedina, A.

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Diolaiti, A. Tozzi, R. Ragazzoni, D. Ferruzzi, E. Vernet-Viard, S. Esposito, J. Farinato, A. Ghedina, and A. Riccardi, “Some novel concepts in multipyramid wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 299–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of any modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ghigo, M.

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gonzalez Suaez, L. C.

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

Goto, M.

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218 (2006).
[Crossref]

Guan, C.

Guerra, J. C.

M. Bonaglia, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, S. Esposito, J. C. Guerra, R. Myers, and N. Dipper, “First cophasing of a segmented mirror with a Tunable Filter and the Pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 77392Y (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

Henning, Th.

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218 (2006).
[Crossref]

Herbst, T. M.

Hippler, S.

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jiang, W.

W. Jiang and H. Li, “Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensing and wavefront control algorithm,” Proc. SPIE 1271, 82–93 (1990).
[Crossref]

Jolissaint, L.

Kittmann, F.

Kuerster, M.

Lane, R. G.

T. Y. Chew, R. M. Clare, and R. G. Lane, “A comparison of the Shack-Hartmann and pyramid wavefront sensors,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 189–195 (2006).
[Crossref]

Le Louarn, M.

F. Quirós-Pacheco, G. Agapito, A. Riccardi, S. Esposito, M. Le Louarn, and E. Marchetti, “Performance simulation of the ERIS pyramid wavefront sensor module in the VLT adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 8447, 84475L (2012).
[Crossref]

LeDue, J.

LeRoux, B.

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory Ground-Layer Adaptive Opitcs Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X (2006).

Li, H.

W. Jiang and H. Li, “Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensing and wavefront control algorithm,” Proc. SPIE 1271, 82–93 (1990).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

Ma, W.

Mannucci, F.

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

Marchetti, E.

F. Quirós-Pacheco, G. Agapito, A. Riccardi, S. Esposito, M. Le Louarn, and E. Marchetti, “Performance simulation of the ERIS pyramid wavefront sensor module in the VLT adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 8447, 84475L (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[Crossref]

Meschke, D.

Michau, V.

C. Boyer, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Adaptive Optics: Interaction matrix measurements and real time control algorithms for the COME-ON project,” Proc. SPIE 1237, 406–421 (1990).
[Crossref]

Mohr, L.

Myers, R.

M. Bonaglia, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, S. Esposito, J. C. Guerra, R. Myers, and N. Dipper, “First cophasing of a segmented mirror with a Tunable Filter and the Pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 77392Y (2010).
[Crossref]

Niero, T.

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[Crossref]

Peter, D.

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pieralli, F.

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pinna, E.

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Bonaglia, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, S. Esposito, J. C. Guerra, R. Myers, and N. Dipper, “First cophasing of a segmented mirror with a Tunable Filter and the Pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 77392Y (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Tozzi, P. Stefanini, E. Pinna, and S. Esposito, “The double pyramid wavefront sensor for LBT,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701558 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Esposito, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, A. Tozzi, and P. Stefanini, “Pyramid sensor for segmented mirror alignment,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2572–2574 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Puga, E.

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of any modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

Puglisi, A.

M. Bonaglia, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, S. Esposito, J. C. Guerra, R. Myers, and N. Dipper, “First cophasing of a segmented mirror with a Tunable Filter and the Pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 77392Y (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Esposito, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, A. Tozzi, and P. Stefanini, “Pyramid sensor for segmented mirror alignment,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2572–2574 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Puglisi, A. T.

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

Quirós-Pacheco, F.

F. Quirós-Pacheco, G. Agapito, A. Riccardi, S. Esposito, M. Le Louarn, and E. Marchetti, “Performance simulation of the ERIS pyramid wavefront sensor module in the VLT adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 8447, 84475L (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ragazzoni, R.

X. Zhang, W. Gaessler, A. R. Conrad, T. Bertram, C. Arcidiacono, T. M. Herbst, M. Kuerster, P. Bizenberger, D. Meschke, H.-W. Rix, C. Rao, L. Mohr, F. Briegel, F. Kittmann, J. Berwein, J. Trowitzsch, L. Schreiber, R. Ragazzoni, and E. Diolaiti, “First laboratory results with the LINC-NIRVANA high layer wavefront sensor,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16087–16095 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory Ground-Layer Adaptive Opitcs Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X (2006).

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of any modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

E. Diolaiti, A. Tozzi, R. Ragazzoni, D. Ferruzzi, E. Vernet-Viard, S. Esposito, J. Farinato, A. Ghedina, and A. Riccardi, “Some novel concepts in multipyramid wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 299–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Ragazzoni, E. Diolaiti, and E. Vernet, “A pyramid wavefront sensor with no dynamic modulation,” Opt. Commun. 208(1-3), 51–60 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic Wave Front sensor in closed loop Adaptive Optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 350, 23–26 (1999).

R. Ragazzoni, “Pupil plane wavefront sensing with an oscillating prism,” J. Mod. Opt. 43(2), 289–293 (1996).
[Crossref]

Rao, C.

Riccardi, A.

F. Quirós-Pacheco, G. Agapito, A. Riccardi, S. Esposito, M. Le Louarn, and E. Marchetti, “Performance simulation of the ERIS pyramid wavefront sensor module in the VLT adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 8447, 84475L (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Diolaiti, A. Tozzi, R. Ragazzoni, D. Ferruzzi, E. Vernet-Viard, S. Esposito, J. Farinato, A. Ghedina, and A. Riccardi, “Some novel concepts in multipyramid wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 299–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

Riverol Rodriguez, A. L.

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

Rix, H.-W.

Rousset, G.

C. Boyer, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Adaptive Optics: Interaction matrix measurements and real time control algorithms for the COME-ON project,” Proc. SPIE 1237, 406–421 (1990).
[Crossref]

Salinari, P.

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schreiber, L.

Stefanini, P.

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Tozzi, P. Stefanini, E. Pinna, and S. Esposito, “The double pyramid wavefront sensor for LBT,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701558 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Esposito, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, A. Tozzi, and P. Stefanini, “Pyramid sensor for segmented mirror alignment,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2572–2574 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tozzi, A.

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Tozzi, P. Stefanini, E. Pinna, and S. Esposito, “The double pyramid wavefront sensor for LBT,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701558 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Esposito, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, A. Tozzi, and P. Stefanini, “Pyramid sensor for segmented mirror alignment,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2572–2574 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Diolaiti, A. Tozzi, R. Ragazzoni, D. Ferruzzi, E. Vernet-Viard, S. Esposito, J. Farinato, A. Ghedina, and A. Riccardi, “Some novel concepts in multipyramid wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 299–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

Trowitzsch, J.

Véran, J.-P.

Verinaud, C.

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of any modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

Vérinaud, C.

C. Vérinaud, “On the nature of the measurements provided by a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Opt. Commun. 233(1-3), 27–38 (2004).
[Crossref]

Vernet, E.

R. Ragazzoni, E. Diolaiti, and E. Vernet, “A pyramid wavefront sensor with no dynamic modulation,” Opt. Commun. 208(1-3), 51–60 (2002).
[Crossref]

Vernet-Viard, E.

E. Diolaiti, A. Tozzi, R. Ragazzoni, D. Ferruzzi, E. Vernet-Viard, S. Esposito, J. Farinato, A. Ghedina, and A. Riccardi, “Some novel concepts in multipyramid wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 299–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wei, K.

Xian, H.

Xompero, M.

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, A.

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Zhou, L.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic Wave Front sensor in closed loop Adaptive Optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 350, 23–26 (1999).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

R. Ragazzoni, “Pupil plane wavefront sensing with an oscillating prism,” J. Mod. Opt. 43(2), 289–293 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (3)

R. Ragazzoni, E. Diolaiti, and E. Vernet, “A pyramid wavefront sensor with no dynamic modulation,” Opt. Commun. 208(1-3), 51–60 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Vérinaud, “On the nature of the measurements provided by a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Opt. Commun. 233(1-3), 27–38 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Chew, R. M. Clare, and R. G. Lane, “A comparison of the Shack-Hartmann and pyramid wavefront sensors,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 189–195 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (12)

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Cecconi, A. Ghedina, P. Bagnara, A. Baruffolo, C. J. Carmona Rodriguez, G. Cresci, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, W. Gaessler, L. C. Gonzalez Suaez, F. Mannucci, R. Ragazzoni, and A. L. Riverol Rodriguez, “status progress of AdOpt@TNG and offer to the international astronomical community,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62722G (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Quirós-Pacheco, G. Agapito, A. Riccardi, S. Esposito, M. Le Louarn, and E. Marchetti, “Performance simulation of the ERIS pyramid wavefront sensor module in the VLT adaptive optics facility,” Proc. SPIE 8447, 84475L (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Esposito, A. Riccardi, L. Fini, A. T. Puglisi, E. Pinna, M. Xompero, R. Briguglio, F. Quirós-Pacheco, P. Stefanini, J. C. Guerra, L. Busoni, A. Tozzi, F. Pieralli, G. Agapito, G. Brusa-Zappellini, R. Demers, J. Brynnel, C. Arcidiacono, and P. Salinari, “First light AO (FLAO) system for LBT: final integration, acceptance test in Europe and preliminary on-sky commissioning results,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 773609 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory Ground-Layer Adaptive Opitcs Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X (2006).

M. Bonaglia, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, S. Esposito, J. C. Guerra, R. Myers, and N. Dipper, “First cophasing of a segmented mirror with a Tunable Filter and the Pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 77392Y (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Boyer, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Adaptive Optics: Interaction matrix measurements and real time control algorithms for the COME-ON project,” Proc. SPIE 1237, 406–421 (1990).
[Crossref]

W. Jiang and H. Li, “Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensing and wavefront control algorithm,” Proc. SPIE 1271, 82–93 (1990).
[Crossref]

E. Diolaiti, A. Tozzi, R. Ragazzoni, D. Ferruzzi, E. Vernet-Viard, S. Esposito, J. Farinato, A. Ghedina, and A. Riccardi, “Some novel concepts in multipyramid wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 299–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Tozzi, P. Stefanini, E. Pinna, and S. Esposito, “The double pyramid wavefront sensor for LBT,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701558 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of any modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[Crossref]

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Figures (19)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Basic principle of the PWFS: (a) schematic diagram of the PWFS, and (b) four sub-pupil images in the detector camera
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulation calculation process of the PWFS signal
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 PWFS signals of the actuator of the DM with different modulation amplitude: (a) the wavefront map of the actuator, (b) the four PWFS sub-pupil images of the actuator, and (c) the calculated PWFS signals Sx and Sy.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Condition number of construction matrix with different modulation amplitude.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) the correlation matrix of the driver influence function, and (b) the correlation matrix of the PWFS signals with different modulation amplitude for the 127-element DM.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Maximum absolute value of the eigenvalues with different modulation amplitude.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The format of the truncated matrix.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The calculation process of DGR algorithm.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Plot of RMS with the number of iteration for turbulence phase-screen.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 The photograph of AO system based on PWFS and LC-SLM.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 The configuration diagram of the 595 actuators and the 28 × 28 pupil sampling.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 The wavefront images for turbulence phase-screen (D/r0 = 30): (a) the initial wavefront, and (b) the corrected wavefront.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 The far-field images for turbulence phase-screen (D/r0 = 30): (a) the initial image, and (b) the corrected image.
Fig. 14
Fig. 14 (a) The corrected far-field images (intensity value is limited within 0 to 500), and (b). The profile chart of the corrected far-field image (the rectangular region in the figure is to compute the FWHM. The x-coordinate represents the pixel of the detection camera, and the y-coordinate shows the intensity value).
Fig. 15
Fig. 15 The photograph of AO system based on PWFS and the discrete DM
Fig. 16
Fig. 16 The configuration diagram of the 127 actuators and the 13 × 13 pupil sampling.
Fig. 17
Fig. 17 The far-field images: (a) the open-loop image, and (b) the closed-loop image.
Fig. 18
Fig. 18 The photograph of installed PWFS system for 1.8m telescope.
Fig. 19
Fig. 19 The star image (Name: HIP116307, Magnitude: 6.1): (a) the open-loop image, and (b) the closed-loop image.

Equations (10)

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S X ( x , y ) = I 1 ( x , y ) + I 4 ( x , y ) I 2 ( x , y ) I 3 ( x , y ) I 1 ( x , y ) + I 2 ( x , y ) + I 3 ( x , y ) + I 4 ( x , y ) S Y ( x , y ) = I 1 ( x , y ) + I 2 ( x , y ) I 3 ( x , y ) I 4 ( x , y ) I 1 ( x , y ) + I 2 ( x , y ) + I 3 ( x , y ) + I 4 ( x , y )
V j ( ε , η ) = exp [ ln ω ( ( ε ε j ) 2 + ( η η j ) 2 / d ) α ]
E ( ε , η ) = exp ( i 2 π λ V j ( ε , η ) ) P ( ε , η )
Δ v 2 v 2 c o n d ( R ) Δ s 2 s 2
Δ v = ( R m M 0 I ) v
Δ v = Q m v
Δ v = Q m N v
s n s n T = I σ n 2 s s n T = s n s T = 0
C V = v v T = R s s T R T + R R T σ n 2
U Γ U T = R R T

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