Abstract

Simultaneous MIMO-free transmission of 12 orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes over a 1.2 km air-core fiber is demonstrated. WDM compatibility of the system is shown by using 60, 25 GHz spaced WDM channels with 10 GBaud QPSK signals. System performance is evaluated by measuring bit error rates, which are found to be below the soft FEC limit, and limited by inter-modal crosstalk. The crosstalk in the system is analyzed, and it is concluded that it can be significantly reduced with an improved multiplexer and de-multiplexer.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. Carpenter, B. C. Thomsen, and T. D. Wilkinson, “Degenerate mode-group division multiplexing,” J. Light. Technol. 30, 3946–3952 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. L. Wang, R. M. Nejad, A. Corsi, J. Lin, Y. Messaddeq, L. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Linearly polarized vector modes: enabling mimo-free mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 25, 11736–11749 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  7. N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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2018 (1)

2017 (2)

2016 (2)

R. M. Nejad, K. Allahverdyan, P. Vaity, S. Amiralizadeh, C. Brunet, Y. Massadeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Mode Division Multiplexing using Orbital Angular Momentum Modes over 1.4 km Ring Core Fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4252–4258 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, P. Vaity, S. Chatigny, Y. Messaddeq, L. A. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Orbital-angular-momentum polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 1661–1671 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (2)

2013 (3)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ramachandran and P. Kristensen, “Optical vortices in fiber,” Nanophotonics 2, 455–474 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

2006 (1)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Allahverdyan, K.

R. M. Nejad, K. Allahverdyan, P. Vaity, S. Amiralizadeh, C. Brunet, Y. Massadeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Mode Division Multiplexing using Orbital Angular Momentum Modes over 1.4 km Ring Core Fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4252–4258 (2016).
[Crossref]

Amiralizadeh, S.

R. M. Nejad, K. Allahverdyan, P. Vaity, S. Amiralizadeh, C. Brunet, Y. Massadeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Mode Division Multiplexing using Orbital Angular Momentum Modes over 1.4 km Ring Core Fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4252–4258 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bao, F.

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

Barua, P.

Benitez, A. V.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30 × 30 mimo transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

Bozinovic, N.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brunet, C.

R. M. Nejad, K. Allahverdyan, P. Vaity, S. Amiralizadeh, C. Brunet, Y. Massadeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Mode Division Multiplexing using Orbital Angular Momentum Modes over 1.4 km Ring Core Fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4252–4258 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Brunet, P. Vaity, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Design, fabrication and validation of an OAM fiber supporting 36 states,” Opt. Express 22, 26117–26127 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, X.

Carpenter, J.

J. Carpenter, B. C. Thomsen, and T. D. Wilkinson, “Degenerate mode-group division multiplexing,” J. Light. Technol. 30, 3946–3952 (2012).
[Crossref]

Castaneda, M. A. U.

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

Chatigny, S.

L. Wang, P. Vaity, S. Chatigny, Y. Messaddeq, L. A. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Orbital-angular-momentum polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 1661–1671 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30 × 30 mimo transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

Chen, Y.

Correa, R. A.

Z. S. Eznaveh, J. C. A. Zacarias, J. E. A. Lopez, Y. Jung, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, D. J. Richardson, S. Leon-Saval, and R. A. Correa, “Annular core photonic lantern oam mode multiplexer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Tu3J.3.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30 × 30 mimo transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

Corsi, A.

Denolle, B.

Du, C.

Ercan, B.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30 × 30 mimo transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

Eznaveh, Z. S.

Z. S. Eznaveh, J. C. A. Zacarias, J. E. A. Lopez, Y. Jung, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, D. J. Richardson, S. Leon-Saval, and R. A. Correa, “Annular core photonic lantern oam mode multiplexer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Tu3J.3.

Feng, F.

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N. K.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30 × 30 mimo transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

Galili, M.

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

Genevaux, P.

Gregg, P.

P. Gregg, P. Kristensen, and S. Ramachandran, “Conservation of orbital angular momentum in air-core optical fibers,” Optica 2, 267 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30 × 30 mimo transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

Guan, B.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30 × 30 mimo transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

Hirooka, T.

Hu, H.

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

Hu, Z.

G. Zhu, Z. Hu, X. Wu, C. Du, W. Luo, Y. Chen, X. Cai, J. Liu, J. Zhu, and S. Yu, “Scalable mode division multiplexed transmission over a 10-km ring-core fiber using high-order orbital angular momentum modes,” Opt. Express 26, 594–604 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, S. Yan, J. Zhu, Y. Ou, Z. Hu, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, D. Simeonidou, and S. Yu, “3.36-tbit/s oam and wavelength multiplexed transmission over an inverse-parabolic graded index fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. SW4I.3.

Huang, H.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ingerslev, K.

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

Jian, P.

Jin, X.

Jung, Y.

F. Feng, X. Jin, D. O’Brien, F. Payne, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, P. Barua, J. K. Sahu, S. ul Alam, D. J. Richardson, and T. D. Wilkinson, “All-optical mode-group multiplexed transmission over a graded-index ring-core fiber with single radial mode,” Opt. Express 25, 13773–13781 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. S. Eznaveh, J. C. A. Zacarias, J. E. A. Lopez, Y. Jung, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, D. J. Richardson, S. Leon-Saval, and R. A. Correa, “Annular core photonic lantern oam mode multiplexer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Tu3J.3.

Kang, Q.

Kristensen, P.

P. Gregg, P. Kristensen, and S. Ramachandran, “Conservation of orbital angular momentum in air-core optical fibers,” Optica 2, 267 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Ramachandran and P. Kristensen, “Optical vortices in fiber,” Nanophotonics 2, 455–474 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

Kuwaki, N.

R. Maruyama, N. Kuwaki, S. Matsuo, and M. Ohashi, “Experimental investigation of relation between mode-coupling and fiber characteristics in few-mode fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. M2C.1.

Labroille, G.

LaRochelle, S.

L. Wang, R. M. Nejad, A. Corsi, J. Lin, Y. Messaddeq, L. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Linearly polarized vector modes: enabling mimo-free mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 25, 11736–11749 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wang, P. Vaity, S. Chatigny, Y. Messaddeq, L. A. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Orbital-angular-momentum polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 1661–1671 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. M. Nejad, K. Allahverdyan, P. Vaity, S. Amiralizadeh, C. Brunet, Y. Massadeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Mode Division Multiplexing using Orbital Angular Momentum Modes over 1.4 km Ring Core Fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4252–4258 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Brunet, P. Vaity, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Design, fabrication and validation of an OAM fiber supporting 36 states,” Opt. Express 22, 26117–26127 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, S. Yan, J. Zhu, Y. Ou, Z. Hu, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, D. Simeonidou, and S. Yu, “3.36-tbit/s oam and wavelength multiplexed transmission over an inverse-parabolic graded index fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. SW4I.3.

Leon-Saval, S.

Z. S. Eznaveh, J. C. A. Zacarias, J. E. A. Lopez, Y. Jung, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, D. J. Richardson, S. Leon-Saval, and R. A. Correa, “Annular core photonic lantern oam mode multiplexer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Tu3J.3.

Lin, J.

Lingle, R. J.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30 × 30 mimo transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

Liu, J.

Lopez, J. E. A.

Z. S. Eznaveh, J. C. A. Zacarias, J. E. A. Lopez, Y. Jung, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, D. J. Richardson, S. Leon-Saval, and R. A. Correa, “Annular core photonic lantern oam mode multiplexer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Tu3J.3.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30 × 30 mimo transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

Luo, W.

Manzo, C.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marrucci, L.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

Maruyama, R.

R. Maruyama, N. Kuwaki, S. Matsuo, and M. Ohashi, “Experimental investigation of relation between mode-coupling and fiber characteristics in few-mode fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. M2C.1.

Massadeq, Y.

R. M. Nejad, K. Allahverdyan, P. Vaity, S. Amiralizadeh, C. Brunet, Y. Massadeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Mode Division Multiplexing using Orbital Angular Momentum Modes over 1.4 km Ring Core Fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4252–4258 (2016).
[Crossref]

Matsuo, S.

R. Maruyama, N. Kuwaki, S. Matsuo, and M. Ohashi, “Experimental investigation of relation between mode-coupling and fiber characteristics in few-mode fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. M2C.1.

Messaddeq, Y.

L. Wang, R. M. Nejad, A. Corsi, J. Lin, Y. Messaddeq, L. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Linearly polarized vector modes: enabling mimo-free mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 25, 11736–11749 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wang, P. Vaity, S. Chatigny, Y. Messaddeq, L. A. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Orbital-angular-momentum polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 1661–1671 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Brunet, P. Vaity, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Design, fabrication and validation of an OAM fiber supporting 36 states,” Opt. Express 22, 26117–26127 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, S. Yan, J. Zhu, Y. Ou, Z. Hu, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, D. Simeonidou, and S. Yu, “3.36-tbit/s oam and wavelength multiplexed transmission over an inverse-parabolic graded index fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. SW4I.3.

Morioka, T.

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

Morizur, J.-F.

Nakazawa, M.

Nejad, R. M.

L. Wang, R. M. Nejad, A. Corsi, J. Lin, Y. Messaddeq, L. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Linearly polarized vector modes: enabling mimo-free mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 25, 11736–11749 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. M. Nejad, K. Allahverdyan, P. Vaity, S. Amiralizadeh, C. Brunet, Y. Massadeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Mode Division Multiplexing using Orbital Angular Momentum Modes over 1.4 km Ring Core Fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4252–4258 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, D.

Ohashi, M.

R. Maruyama, N. Kuwaki, S. Matsuo, and M. Ohashi, “Experimental investigation of relation between mode-coupling and fiber characteristics in few-mode fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. M2C.1.

Ou, Y.

X. Wang, S. Yan, J. Zhu, Y. Ou, Z. Hu, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, D. Simeonidou, and S. Yu, “3.36-tbit/s oam and wavelength multiplexed transmission over an inverse-parabolic graded index fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. SW4I.3.

Oxenløwe, L. K.

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

Padgett, M. J.

Paparo, D.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Payne, F.

Ramachandran, S.

P. Gregg, P. Kristensen, and S. Ramachandran, “Conservation of orbital angular momentum in air-core optical fibers,” Optica 2, 267 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Ramachandran and P. Kristensen, “Optical vortices in fiber,” Nanophotonics 2, 455–474 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

Ren, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richardson, D. J.

F. Feng, X. Jin, D. O’Brien, F. Payne, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, P. Barua, J. K. Sahu, S. ul Alam, D. J. Richardson, and T. D. Wilkinson, “All-optical mode-group multiplexed transmission over a graded-index ring-core fiber with single radial mode,” Opt. Express 25, 13773–13781 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. S. Eznaveh, J. C. A. Zacarias, J. E. A. Lopez, Y. Jung, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, D. J. Richardson, S. Leon-Saval, and R. A. Correa, “Annular core photonic lantern oam mode multiplexer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Tu3J.3.

Ros, F. D.

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

Rottwitt, K.

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

Rubano, A.

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

Rusch, L.

Rusch, L. A.

L. Wang, P. Vaity, S. Chatigny, Y. Messaddeq, L. A. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Orbital-angular-momentum polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 1661–1671 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. M. Nejad, K. Allahverdyan, P. Vaity, S. Amiralizadeh, C. Brunet, Y. Massadeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Mode Division Multiplexing using Orbital Angular Momentum Modes over 1.4 km Ring Core Fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4252–4258 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Brunet, P. Vaity, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Design, fabrication and validation of an OAM fiber supporting 36 states,” Opt. Express 22, 26117–26127 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, S. Yan, J. Zhu, Y. Ou, Z. Hu, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, D. Simeonidou, and S. Yu, “3.36-tbit/s oam and wavelength multiplexed transmission over an inverse-parabolic graded index fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. SW4I.3.

Ryf, R.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30 × 30 mimo transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

Sahu, J. K.

Scott, R. P.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30 × 30 mimo transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

Shi, K.

Z. S. Eznaveh, J. C. A. Zacarias, J. E. A. Lopez, Y. Jung, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, D. J. Richardson, S. Leon-Saval, and R. A. Correa, “Annular core photonic lantern oam mode multiplexer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Tu3J.3.

Simeonidou, D.

X. Wang, S. Yan, J. Zhu, Y. Ou, Z. Hu, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, D. Simeonidou, and S. Yu, “3.36-tbit/s oam and wavelength multiplexed transmission over an inverse-parabolic graded index fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. SW4I.3.

Sun, Y.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30 × 30 mimo transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

Thomsen, B. C.

J. Carpenter, B. C. Thomsen, and T. D. Wilkinson, “Degenerate mode-group division multiplexing,” J. Light. Technol. 30, 3946–3952 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. S. Eznaveh, J. C. A. Zacarias, J. E. A. Lopez, Y. Jung, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, D. J. Richardson, S. Leon-Saval, and R. A. Correa, “Annular core photonic lantern oam mode multiplexer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Tu3J.3.

Treps, N.

Tur, M.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ul Alam, S.

Vaity, P.

R. M. Nejad, K. Allahverdyan, P. Vaity, S. Amiralizadeh, C. Brunet, Y. Massadeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Mode Division Multiplexing using Orbital Angular Momentum Modes over 1.4 km Ring Core Fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4252–4258 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, P. Vaity, S. Chatigny, Y. Messaddeq, L. A. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Orbital-angular-momentum polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 1661–1671 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Brunet, P. Vaity, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Design, fabrication and validation of an OAM fiber supporting 36 states,” Opt. Express 22, 26117–26127 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

L. Wang, R. M. Nejad, A. Corsi, J. Lin, Y. Messaddeq, L. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Linearly polarized vector modes: enabling mimo-free mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 25, 11736–11749 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wang, P. Vaity, S. Chatigny, Y. Messaddeq, L. A. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Orbital-angular-momentum polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 1661–1671 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, S. Yan, J. Zhu, Y. Ou, Z. Hu, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, D. Simeonidou, and S. Yu, “3.36-tbit/s oam and wavelength multiplexed transmission over an inverse-parabolic graded index fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. SW4I.3.

Wilkinson, T. D.

Willner, A. E.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, X.

Yan, S.

X. Wang, S. Yan, J. Zhu, Y. Ou, Z. Hu, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, D. Simeonidou, and S. Yu, “3.36-tbit/s oam and wavelength multiplexed transmission over an inverse-parabolic graded index fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. SW4I.3.

Yao, A. M.

Yoo, S. J. B.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30 × 30 mimo transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

Yoshida, M.

Yu, S.

G. Zhu, Z. Hu, X. Wu, C. Du, W. Luo, Y. Chen, X. Cai, J. Liu, J. Zhu, and S. Yu, “Scalable mode division multiplexed transmission over a 10-km ring-core fiber using high-order orbital angular momentum modes,” Opt. Express 26, 594–604 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, S. Yan, J. Zhu, Y. Ou, Z. Hu, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, D. Simeonidou, and S. Yu, “3.36-tbit/s oam and wavelength multiplexed transmission over an inverse-parabolic graded index fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. SW4I.3.

Yue, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zacarias, J. C. A.

Z. S. Eznaveh, J. C. A. Zacarias, J. E. A. Lopez, Y. Jung, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, D. J. Richardson, S. Leon-Saval, and R. A. Correa, “Annular core photonic lantern oam mode multiplexer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Tu3J.3.

Zhu, G.

Zhu, J.

G. Zhu, Z. Hu, X. Wu, C. Du, W. Luo, Y. Chen, X. Cai, J. Liu, J. Zhu, and S. Yu, “Scalable mode division multiplexed transmission over a 10-km ring-core fiber using high-order orbital angular momentum modes,” Opt. Express 26, 594–604 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, S. Yan, J. Zhu, Y. Ou, Z. Hu, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, D. Simeonidou, and S. Yu, “3.36-tbit/s oam and wavelength multiplexed transmission over an inverse-parabolic graded index fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. SW4I.3.

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

J. Light. Technol. (3)

L. Wang, P. Vaity, S. Chatigny, Y. Messaddeq, L. A. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Orbital-angular-momentum polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 1661–1671 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Carpenter, B. C. Thomsen, and T. D. Wilkinson, “Degenerate mode-group division multiplexing,” J. Light. Technol. 30, 3946–3952 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. M. Nejad, K. Allahverdyan, P. Vaity, S. Amiralizadeh, C. Brunet, Y. Massadeq, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Mode Division Multiplexing using Orbital Angular Momentum Modes over 1.4 km Ring Core Fiber,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 4252–4258 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nanophotonics (1)

S. Ramachandran and P. Kristensen, “Optical vortices in fiber,” Nanophotonics 2, 455–474 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (5)

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, J. E. A. Lopez, R. A. Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. B. Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30 × 30 mimo transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

K. Ingerslev, P. Gregg, M. Galili, F. D. Ros, H. Hu, F. Bao, M. A. U. Castaneda, P. Kristensen, A. Rubano, L. Marrucci, S. Ramachandran, K. Rottwitt, T. Morioka, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “12 mode, mimo-free oam transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. M2D.1.

R. Maruyama, N. Kuwaki, S. Matsuo, and M. Ohashi, “Experimental investigation of relation between mode-coupling and fiber characteristics in few-mode fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. M2C.1.

X. Wang, S. Yan, J. Zhu, Y. Ou, Z. Hu, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, D. Simeonidou, and S. Yu, “3.36-tbit/s oam and wavelength multiplexed transmission over an inverse-parabolic graded index fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. SW4I.3.

Z. S. Eznaveh, J. C. A. Zacarias, J. E. A. Lopez, Y. Jung, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, D. J. Richardson, S. Leon-Saval, and R. A. Correa, “Annular core photonic lantern oam mode multiplexer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), p. Tu3J.3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the experimental setup, including the modulated spectrum (top left inset), and a microscope image of the OAM fiber (top right inset). WSS: Wavelength Selective Switch, AWG: Arbitrary Waveform Generator, SLM: Spatial Light Modulator, OBF: Optical Bandpass Filter, OMA: Optical Modulation Analyzer, q: q-plate, PolCon: Polarization Controller, POL: Linear Polarizer, λ/4: Quarter-wave Plate.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Measured BERs with example constellation diagrams, from the 3 different wavelengths, 3 different mode groups, and corresponding to low, middle, and high BERs (inset). All 34 measured modes are below the SD-FEC limit, and it is noted that data from the L = ±6, σ (anti-aligned) modes is missing at 1550 nm, due to accidental degeneracies in the fiber.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 a) Simulated neff as a function of wavelength, the red shaded area denotes the bandwidth where the |L| = 6 anti-aligned modes have strong MPI. b) System transmission matrix where each column corresponds to an output projection setting, while the rows correspond to modes launched. Each column is normalized to 0 dB in the desired mode with entries denoting crosstalk in dB. −L indicates crosstalk from in-fiber nearest neighbors, ≠ L, −L indicates contributions from other mode orders, and ≠ L indicates total crosstalk. Crosstalk is measured using the frequency comb, yielding an average for the used optical spectrum.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Simulated maximum crosstalk to modes with different |L| and modes with the same |L| as a function of input misalignment. Crosstalk is defined as the amount of power coupled to an undesired mode, divided by the power coupled to the desired mode.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Measured BERs for sets of four modes with same |L| (colored markers) and the 12-mode measurements from Fig. 2 for reference (black hollow markers).

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