Abstract

We report a single-mode dye-doped polymer microbottle resonator (MBR) laser. The selective single-mode lasing from different order whispering gallery modes is achieved by precisely controlling the axial and radial coupling position between a tapered nanofiber and an MBR, respectively. The side-mode suppression ratio is above 20 dB. By doping different fluorescence dyes into the MBR, single-mode lasers at various colors are demonstrated.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  25. S. B. Gorajoobi, G. S. Murugan, and M. N. Zervas, “Mode-selective spectrally-cleaned-up microbottle resonator laser,” in Photonics Conference (2016), pp. 105–106.
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  32. M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(1), 74–77 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  35. Y. Yang, F. Lei, S. Kasumie, L. Xu, J. M. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Tunable erbium-doped microbubble laser fabricated by sol-gel coating,” Opt. Express 25(2), 1308–1313 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Ultrahigh-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(5), 053901 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. H. Liu, J. B. Edel, L. M. Bellan, and H. G. Craighead, “Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers as Subwavelength Optical Waveguides Incorporating Quantum Dots,” Small 2(4), 495–499 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. C. H. Dong, F. W. Sun, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(methyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(6), 061106 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  39. P. Bianucci, X. Wang, J. G. Veinot, and A. Meldrum, “Silicon nanocrystals on bottle resonators: mode structure, loss mechanisms and emission dynamics,” Opt. Express 18(8), 8466–8481 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  40. Y. Wang, V. D. Ta, K. S. Leck, B. H. Tan, Z. Wang, T. He, C. D. Ohl, H. V. Demir, and H. Sun, “Robust whispering-gallery-mode microbubble lasers from colloidal quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2640–2646 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  41. H. Zhu, X. Chen, L. M. Jin, Q. J. Wang, F. Wang, and S. F. Yu, “Amplified Spontaneous Emission and Lasing from Lanthanide-Doped Up-Conversion Nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11420–11426 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (9)

X. Jiang, L. Shao, S. X. Zhang, X. Yi, J. Wiersig, L. Wang, Q. Gong, M. Lončar, L. Yang, and Y. F. Xiao, “Chaos-assisted broadband momentum transformation in optical microresonators,” Science 358(6361), 344–347 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Chen, Ş. Kaya Özdemir, G. Zhao, J. Wiersig, and L. Yang, “Exceptional points enhance sensing in an optical microcavity,” Nature 548(7666), 192–196 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sumetsky, “Lasing microbottles,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17102 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Gu, F. Xie, X. Lin, S. Linghu, W. Fang, H. Zeng, L. Tong, and S. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Xie, N. Yao, W. Fang, H. Wang, F. Gu, and S. Zhuang, “Single-mode lasing via loss engineering in fiber-taper-coupled polymer bottle microresonators,” Photon. Res. 5(6), B29–B33 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Reynolds, N. Riesen, A. Meldrum, X. Fan, J. M. M. Hall, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Fluorescent and lasing whispering gallery mode microresonators for sensing applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1600265 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, F. Lei, S. Kasumie, L. Xu, J. M. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Tunable erbium-doped microbubble laser fabricated by sol-gel coating,” Opt. Express 25(2), 1308–1313 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Gong, Y. Gong, W. L. Zhang, Y. Wu, Y. J. Rao, G. D. Peng, and X. Fan, “Fiber optofluidic microlaser with lateral single mode emission,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 0900206 (2017).

Y. Wang, V. D. Ta, K. S. Leck, B. H. Tan, Z. Wang, T. He, C. D. Ohl, H. V. Demir, and H. Sun, “Robust whispering-gallery-mode microbubble lasers from colloidal quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2640–2646 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

H. Wang, S. Liu, L. Chen, D. Shen, and X. Wu, “Dual-wavelength single-frequency laser emission in asymmetric coupled microdisks,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38053 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Glass-on-Glass Fabrication of Bottle-Shaped Tunable Microlasers and their Applications,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25152 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Lu, S. Liu, X. Wu, L. Liu, and L. Xu, “Stimulated Brillouin laser and frequency comb generation in high-Q microbubble resonators,” Opt. Lett. 41(8), 1736–1739 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

2014 (5)

G. Gu, C. Guo, Z. Cai, H. Xu, L. Chen, H. Fu, K. Che, M. Hong, S. Sun, and F. Li, “Fabrication of ultraviolet-curable adhesive bottle-like microresonators by wetting and photocuring,” Appl. Opt. 53(32), 7819–7824 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. N. Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Feng, Z. J. Wong, R. M. Ma, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Single-mode laser by parity-time symmetry breaking,” Science 346(6212), 972–975 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hodaei, M. A. Miri, M. Heinrich, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Khajavikhan, “Parity-time-symmetric microring lasers,” Science 346(6212), 975–978 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Aspelmeyer, T. J. Kippenberg, and F. Marquardt, “Cavity optomechanics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 86(4), 1391–1452 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

C. Junge, D. O’Shea, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Strong coupling between single atoms and nontransversal photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(21), 213604 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sumetsky, “Delay of light in an optical bottle resonator with nanoscale radius variation: dispersionless, broadband, and low loss,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 163901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhu, X. Chen, L. M. Jin, Q. J. Wang, F. Wang, and S. F. Yu, “Amplified Spontaneous Emission and Lasing from Lanthanide-Doped Up-Conversion Nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11420–11426 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

2010 (2)

C. H. Dong, F. W. Sun, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(methyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(6), 061106 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Bianucci, X. Wang, J. G. Veinot, and A. Meldrum, “Silicon nanocrystals on bottle resonators: mode structure, loss mechanisms and emission dynamics,” Opt. Express 18(8), 8466–8481 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Ultrahigh-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wu, Y. Sun, J. D. Suter, and X. Fan, “Single mode coupled optofluidic ring resonator dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(24), 241109 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Ultrahigh-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Senthil Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, and M. N. Zervas, “Selective excitation of whispering gallery modes in a novel bottle microresonator,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11916–11925 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

L. Shang, L. Liu, and L. Xu, “Single-frequency coupled asymmetric microcavity laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1150–1152 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wu, H. Li, L. Liu, and L. Xu, “Unidirectional single-frequency lasing from a ring-spiral coupled microcavity laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 1710 (2008).

F. Vollmer and S. Arnold, “Whispering-gallery-mode biosensing: label-free detection down to single molecules,” Nat. Methods 5(7), 591–596 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

M. Oxborrow, “Traceable 2-D finite-element simulation of the whispering-gallery modes of axisymmetric electromagnetic resonators,” IEEE. T. Microw. Theory 55(6), 1209–1218 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

H. Liu, J. B. Edel, L. M. Bellan, and H. G. Craighead, “Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers as Subwavelength Optical Waveguides Incorporating Quantum Dots,” Small 2(4), 495–499 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

Y. Louyer, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Tunable whispering-gallery-mode resonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 72(3), 031801 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity,” Nature 415(6872), 621–623 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(1), 74–77 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1984 (1)

Arnold, S.

F. Vollmer and S. Arnold, “Whispering-gallery-mode biosensing: label-free detection down to single molecules,” Nat. Methods 5(7), 591–596 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aspelmeyer, M.

M. Aspelmeyer, T. J. Kippenberg, and F. Marquardt, “Cavity optomechanics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 86(4), 1391–1452 (2014).
[Crossref]

Baldini, F.

I. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. N. Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bellan, L. M.

H. Liu, J. B. Edel, L. M. Bellan, and H. G. Craighead, “Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers as Subwavelength Optical Waveguides Incorporating Quantum Dots,” Small 2(4), 495–499 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berneschi, S.

I. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. N. Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bernini, R.

I. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. N. Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bianucci, P.

Cai, M.

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(1), 74–77 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, Z.

Chang, R. K.

Che, K.

Chen, L.

Chen, W.

W. Chen, Ş. Kaya Özdemir, G. Zhao, J. Wiersig, and L. Yang, “Exceptional points enhance sensing in an optical microcavity,” Nature 548(7666), 192–196 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

H. Zhu, X. Chen, L. M. Jin, Q. J. Wang, F. Wang, and S. F. Yu, “Amplified Spontaneous Emission and Lasing from Lanthanide-Doped Up-Conversion Nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11420–11426 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christodoulides, D. N.

H. Hodaei, M. A. Miri, M. Heinrich, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Khajavikhan, “Parity-time-symmetric microring lasers,” Science 346(6212), 975–978 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Conti, G. N.

I. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. N. Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
[Crossref]

Craighead, H. G.

H. Liu, J. B. Edel, L. M. Bellan, and H. G. Craighead, “Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers as Subwavelength Optical Waveguides Incorporating Quantum Dots,” Small 2(4), 495–499 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Demir, H. V.

Y. Wang, V. D. Ta, K. S. Leck, B. H. Tan, Z. Wang, T. He, C. D. Ohl, H. V. Demir, and H. Sun, “Robust whispering-gallery-mode microbubble lasers from colloidal quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2640–2646 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, C.

C. Dong, V. Fiore, M. C. Kuzyk, and H. Wang, “Optomechanical Dark Mode,” Science 338(6114), 1609–1613 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, C. H.

C. H. Dong, F. W. Sun, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(methyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(6), 061106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Edel, J. B.

H. Liu, J. B. Edel, L. M. Bellan, and H. G. Craighead, “Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers as Subwavelength Optical Waveguides Incorporating Quantum Dots,” Small 2(4), 495–499 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, X.

T. Reynolds, N. Riesen, A. Meldrum, X. Fan, J. M. M. Hall, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Fluorescent and lasing whispering gallery mode microresonators for sensing applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1600265 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Gong, Y. Gong, W. L. Zhang, Y. Wu, Y. J. Rao, G. D. Peng, and X. Fan, “Fiber optofluidic microlaser with lateral single mode emission,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 0900206 (2017).

X. Wu, Y. Sun, J. D. Suter, and X. Fan, “Single mode coupled optofluidic ring resonator dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(24), 241109 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fang, W.

F. Gu, F. Xie, X. Lin, S. Linghu, W. Fang, H. Zeng, L. Tong, and S. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Xie, N. Yao, W. Fang, H. Wang, F. Gu, and S. Zhuang, “Single-mode lasing via loss engineering in fiber-taper-coupled polymer bottle microresonators,” Photon. Res. 5(6), B29–B33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Feng, L.

L. Feng, Z. J. Wong, R. M. Ma, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Single-mode laser by parity-time symmetry breaking,” Science 346(6212), 972–975 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fiore, V.

C. Dong, V. Fiore, M. C. Kuzyk, and H. Wang, “Optomechanical Dark Mode,” Science 338(6114), 1609–1613 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

François, A.

T. Reynolds, N. Riesen, A. Meldrum, X. Fan, J. M. M. Hall, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Fluorescent and lasing whispering gallery mode microresonators for sensing applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1600265 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fu, H.

Gong, C. Y.

C. Y. Gong, Y. Gong, W. L. Zhang, Y. Wu, Y. J. Rao, G. D. Peng, and X. Fan, “Fiber optofluidic microlaser with lateral single mode emission,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 0900206 (2017).

Gong, Q.

X. Jiang, L. Shao, S. X. Zhang, X. Yi, J. Wiersig, L. Wang, Q. Gong, M. Lončar, L. Yang, and Y. F. Xiao, “Chaos-assisted broadband momentum transformation in optical microresonators,” Science 358(6361), 344–347 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, Y.

C. Y. Gong, Y. Gong, W. L. Zhang, Y. Wu, Y. J. Rao, G. D. Peng, and X. Fan, “Fiber optofluidic microlaser with lateral single mode emission,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 0900206 (2017).

Gorajoobi, S. B.

S. B. Gorajoobi, G. S. Murugan, and M. N. Zervas, “Mode-selective spectrally-cleaned-up microbottle resonator laser,” in Photonics Conference (2016), pp. 105–106.

Grimaldi, I.

I. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. N. Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
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F. Gu, F. Xie, X. Lin, S. Linghu, W. Fang, H. Zeng, L. Tong, and S. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Xie, N. Yao, W. Fang, H. Wang, F. Gu, and S. Zhuang, “Single-mode lasing via loss engineering in fiber-taper-coupled polymer bottle microresonators,” Photon. Res. 5(6), B29–B33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gu, G.

Guo, C.

Guo, G. C.

C. H. Dong, F. W. Sun, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(methyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(6), 061106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. M. M.

T. Reynolds, N. Riesen, A. Meldrum, X. Fan, J. M. M. Hall, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Fluorescent and lasing whispering gallery mode microresonators for sensing applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1600265 (2017).
[Crossref]

Han, Z. F.

C. H. Dong, F. W. Sun, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(methyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(6), 061106 (2010).
[Crossref]

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He, T.

Y. Wang, V. D. Ta, K. S. Leck, B. H. Tan, Z. Wang, T. He, C. D. Ohl, H. V. Demir, and H. Sun, “Robust whispering-gallery-mode microbubble lasers from colloidal quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2640–2646 (2017).
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H. Hodaei, M. A. Miri, M. Heinrich, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Khajavikhan, “Parity-time-symmetric microring lasers,” Science 346(6212), 975–978 (2014).
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H. Hodaei, M. A. Miri, M. Heinrich, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Khajavikhan, “Parity-time-symmetric microring lasers,” Science 346(6212), 975–978 (2014).
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Jiang, X.

X. Jiang, L. Shao, S. X. Zhang, X. Yi, J. Wiersig, L. Wang, Q. Gong, M. Lončar, L. Yang, and Y. F. Xiao, “Chaos-assisted broadband momentum transformation in optical microresonators,” Science 358(6361), 344–347 (2017).
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H. Zhu, X. Chen, L. M. Jin, Q. J. Wang, F. Wang, and S. F. Yu, “Amplified Spontaneous Emission and Lasing from Lanthanide-Doped Up-Conversion Nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11420–11426 (2013).
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C. Junge, D. O’Shea, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Strong coupling between single atoms and nontransversal photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(21), 213604 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kasumie, S.

Kaya Özdemir, S.

W. Chen, Ş. Kaya Özdemir, G. Zhao, J. Wiersig, and L. Yang, “Exceptional points enhance sensing in an optical microcavity,” Nature 548(7666), 192–196 (2017).
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Khajavikhan, M.

H. Hodaei, M. A. Miri, M. Heinrich, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Khajavikhan, “Parity-time-symmetric microring lasers,” Science 346(6212), 975–978 (2014).
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M. Aspelmeyer, T. J. Kippenberg, and F. Marquardt, “Cavity optomechanics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 86(4), 1391–1452 (2014).
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S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity,” Nature 415(6872), 621–623 (2002).
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C. Dong, V. Fiore, M. C. Kuzyk, and H. Wang, “Optomechanical Dark Mode,” Science 338(6114), 1609–1613 (2012).
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Laine, J. P.

Leck, K. S.

Y. Wang, V. D. Ta, K. S. Leck, B. H. Tan, Z. Wang, T. He, C. D. Ohl, H. V. Demir, and H. Sun, “Robust whispering-gallery-mode microbubble lasers from colloidal quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2640–2646 (2017).
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Lei, F.

Li, F.

Li, H.

X. Wu, H. Li, L. Liu, and L. Xu, “Unidirectional single-frequency lasing from a ring-spiral coupled microcavity laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 1710 (2008).

Li, M.

Lin, X.

F. Gu, F. Xie, X. Lin, S. Linghu, W. Fang, H. Zeng, L. Tong, and S. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

Linghu, S.

F. Gu, F. Xie, X. Lin, S. Linghu, W. Fang, H. Zeng, L. Tong, and S. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
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Liu, H.

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Liu, S.

H. Wang, S. Liu, L. Chen, D. Shen, and X. Wu, “Dual-wavelength single-frequency laser emission in asymmetric coupled microdisks,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38053 (2016).
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Q. Lu, S. Liu, X. Wu, L. Liu, and L. Xu, “Stimulated Brillouin laser and frequency comb generation in high-Q microbubble resonators,” Opt. Lett. 41(8), 1736–1739 (2016).
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X. Jiang, L. Shao, S. X. Zhang, X. Yi, J. Wiersig, L. Wang, Q. Gong, M. Lončar, L. Yang, and Y. F. Xiao, “Chaos-assisted broadband momentum transformation in optical microresonators,” Science 358(6361), 344–347 (2017).
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Louyer, Y.

Y. Louyer, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Tunable whispering-gallery-mode resonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 72(3), 031801 (2005).
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Ma, R. M.

L. Feng, Z. J. Wong, R. M. Ma, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Single-mode laser by parity-time symmetry breaking,” Science 346(6212), 972–975 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marquardt, F.

M. Aspelmeyer, T. J. Kippenberg, and F. Marquardt, “Cavity optomechanics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 86(4), 1391–1452 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meldrum, A.

T. Reynolds, N. Riesen, A. Meldrum, X. Fan, J. M. M. Hall, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Fluorescent and lasing whispering gallery mode microresonators for sensing applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1600265 (2017).
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Y. Louyer, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Tunable whispering-gallery-mode resonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 72(3), 031801 (2005).
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H. Hodaei, M. A. Miri, M. Heinrich, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Khajavikhan, “Parity-time-symmetric microring lasers,” Science 346(6212), 975–978 (2014).
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Monro, T. M.

T. Reynolds, N. Riesen, A. Meldrum, X. Fan, J. M. M. Hall, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Fluorescent and lasing whispering gallery mode microresonators for sensing applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1600265 (2017).
[Crossref]

Murugan, G. S.

S. B. Gorajoobi, G. S. Murugan, and M. N. Zervas, “Mode-selective spectrally-cleaned-up microbottle resonator laser,” in Photonics Conference (2016), pp. 105–106.

Nic Chormaic, S.

Y. Yang, F. Lei, S. Kasumie, L. Xu, J. M. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Tunable erbium-doped microbubble laser fabricated by sol-gel coating,” Opt. Express 25(2), 1308–1313 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Glass-on-Glass Fabrication of Bottle-Shaped Tunable Microlasers and their Applications,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25152 (2016).
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C. Junge, D. O’Shea, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Strong coupling between single atoms and nontransversal photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(21), 213604 (2013).
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M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Ultrahigh-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(5), 053901 (2009).
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M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Ultrahigh-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(5), 053901 (2009).
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Y. Wang, V. D. Ta, K. S. Leck, B. H. Tan, Z. Wang, T. He, C. D. Ohl, H. V. Demir, and H. Sun, “Robust whispering-gallery-mode microbubble lasers from colloidal quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2640–2646 (2017).
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M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(1), 74–77 (2000).
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Peng, G. D.

C. Y. Gong, Y. Gong, W. L. Zhang, Y. Wu, Y. J. Rao, G. D. Peng, and X. Fan, “Fiber optofluidic microlaser with lateral single mode emission,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 0900206 (2017).

Pöllinger, M.

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Ultrahigh-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(5), 053901 (2009).
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M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Ultrahigh-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(5), 053901 (2009).
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Rao, Y. J.

C. Y. Gong, Y. Gong, W. L. Zhang, Y. Wu, Y. J. Rao, G. D. Peng, and X. Fan, “Fiber optofluidic microlaser with lateral single mode emission,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 0900206 (2017).

Rauschenbeutel, A.

C. Junge, D. O’Shea, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Strong coupling between single atoms and nontransversal photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(21), 213604 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Ultrahigh-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Ultrahigh-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Louyer, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Tunable whispering-gallery-mode resonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 72(3), 031801 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ren, X. F.

C. H. Dong, F. W. Sun, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(methyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(6), 061106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Reynolds, T.

T. Reynolds, N. Riesen, A. Meldrum, X. Fan, J. M. M. Hall, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Fluorescent and lasing whispering gallery mode microresonators for sensing applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1600265 (2017).
[Crossref]

Riesen, N.

T. Reynolds, N. Riesen, A. Meldrum, X. Fan, J. M. M. Hall, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Fluorescent and lasing whispering gallery mode microresonators for sensing applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1600265 (2017).
[Crossref]

Senthil Murugan, G.

Shang, L.

Shao, L.

X. Jiang, L. Shao, S. X. Zhang, X. Yi, J. Wiersig, L. Wang, Q. Gong, M. Lončar, L. Yang, and Y. F. Xiao, “Chaos-assisted broadband momentum transformation in optical microresonators,” Science 358(6361), 344–347 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, D.

H. Wang, S. Liu, L. Chen, D. Shen, and X. Wu, “Dual-wavelength single-frequency laser emission in asymmetric coupled microdisks,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38053 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spillane, S. M.

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity,” Nature 415(6872), 621–623 (2002).
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M. Sumetsky, “Lasing microbottles,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17102 (2017).
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M. Sumetsky, “Delay of light in an optical bottle resonator with nanoscale radius variation: dispersionless, broadband, and low loss,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 163901 (2013).
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M. Sumetsky, “Whispering-gallery-bottle microcavities: The three-dimensional etalon,” Opt. Lett. 29(1), 8–10 (2004).
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C. H. Dong, F. W. Sun, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(methyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(6), 061106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sun, H.

Y. Wang, V. D. Ta, K. S. Leck, B. H. Tan, Z. Wang, T. He, C. D. Ohl, H. V. Demir, and H. Sun, “Robust whispering-gallery-mode microbubble lasers from colloidal quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2640–2646 (2017).
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Sun, S.

Sun, Y.

X. Wu, Y. Sun, J. D. Suter, and X. Fan, “Single mode coupled optofluidic ring resonator dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(24), 241109 (2009).
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Suter, J. D.

X. Wu, Y. Sun, J. D. Suter, and X. Fan, “Single mode coupled optofluidic ring resonator dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(24), 241109 (2009).
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Y. Wang, V. D. Ta, K. S. Leck, B. H. Tan, Z. Wang, T. He, C. D. Ohl, H. V. Demir, and H. Sun, “Robust whispering-gallery-mode microbubble lasers from colloidal quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2640–2646 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, B. H.

Y. Wang, V. D. Ta, K. S. Leck, B. H. Tan, Z. Wang, T. He, C. D. Ohl, H. V. Demir, and H. Sun, “Robust whispering-gallery-mode microbubble lasers from colloidal quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2640–2646 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Testa, G.

I. Grimaldi, S. Berneschi, G. Testa, F. Baldini, G. N. Conti, and R. Bernini, “Polymer based planar coupling of self-assembled bottle microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231114 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tong, L.

F. Gu, F. Xie, X. Lin, S. Linghu, W. Fang, H. Zeng, L. Tong, and S. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tu, X.

Tzeng, H. M.

Vahala, K. J.

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity,” Nature 415(6872), 621–623 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(1), 74–77 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veinot, J. G.

Vollmer, F.

F. Vollmer and S. Arnold, “Whispering-gallery-mode biosensing: label-free detection down to single molecules,” Nat. Methods 5(7), 591–596 (2008).
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Volz, J.

C. Junge, D. O’Shea, J. Volz, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Strong coupling between single atoms and nontransversal photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(21), 213604 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wall, K. F.

Wang, F.

H. Zhu, X. Chen, L. M. Jin, Q. J. Wang, F. Wang, and S. F. Yu, “Amplified Spontaneous Emission and Lasing from Lanthanide-Doped Up-Conversion Nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11420–11426 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

F. Xie, N. Yao, W. Fang, H. Wang, F. Gu, and S. Zhuang, “Single-mode lasing via loss engineering in fiber-taper-coupled polymer bottle microresonators,” Photon. Res. 5(6), B29–B33 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, S. Liu, L. Chen, D. Shen, and X. Wu, “Dual-wavelength single-frequency laser emission in asymmetric coupled microdisks,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38053 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Dong, V. Fiore, M. C. Kuzyk, and H. Wang, “Optomechanical Dark Mode,” Science 338(6114), 1609–1613 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

X. Jiang, L. Shao, S. X. Zhang, X. Yi, J. Wiersig, L. Wang, Q. Gong, M. Lončar, L. Yang, and Y. F. Xiao, “Chaos-assisted broadband momentum transformation in optical microresonators,” Science 358(6361), 344–347 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q. J.

H. Zhu, X. Chen, L. M. Jin, Q. J. Wang, F. Wang, and S. F. Yu, “Amplified Spontaneous Emission and Lasing from Lanthanide-Doped Up-Conversion Nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11420–11426 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, V. D. Ta, K. S. Leck, B. H. Tan, Z. Wang, T. He, C. D. Ohl, H. V. Demir, and H. Sun, “Robust whispering-gallery-mode microbubble lasers from colloidal quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2640–2646 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Feng, Z. J. Wong, R. M. Ma, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Single-mode laser by parity-time symmetry breaking,” Science 346(6212), 972–975 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

Y. Wang, V. D. Ta, K. S. Leck, B. H. Tan, Z. Wang, T. He, C. D. Ohl, H. V. Demir, and H. Sun, “Robust whispering-gallery-mode microbubble lasers from colloidal quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2640–2646 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ward, J. M.

Y. Yang, F. Lei, S. Kasumie, L. Xu, J. M. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Tunable erbium-doped microbubble laser fabricated by sol-gel coating,” Opt. Express 25(2), 1308–1313 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Glass-on-Glass Fabrication of Bottle-Shaped Tunable Microlasers and their Applications,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25152 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Warken, F.

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Ultrahigh-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Ultrahigh-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiersig, J.

W. Chen, Ş. Kaya Özdemir, G. Zhao, J. Wiersig, and L. Yang, “Exceptional points enhance sensing in an optical microcavity,” Nature 548(7666), 192–196 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, L. Shao, S. X. Zhang, X. Yi, J. Wiersig, L. Wang, Q. Gong, M. Lončar, L. Yang, and Y. F. Xiao, “Chaos-assisted broadband momentum transformation in optical microresonators,” Science 358(6361), 344–347 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilkinson, J. S.

Wong, Z. J.

L. Feng, Z. J. Wong, R. M. Ma, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Single-mode laser by parity-time symmetry breaking,” Science 346(6212), 972–975 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, X.

H. Wang, S. Liu, L. Chen, D. Shen, and X. Wu, “Dual-wavelength single-frequency laser emission in asymmetric coupled microdisks,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38053 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Lu, S. Liu, X. Wu, L. Liu, and L. Xu, “Stimulated Brillouin laser and frequency comb generation in high-Q microbubble resonators,” Opt. Lett. 41(8), 1736–1739 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Lu, X. Wu, L. Liu, and L. Xu, “Mode-selective lasing in high-Q polymer micro bottle resonators,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22740–22745 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Tu, X. Wu, M. Li, L. Liu, and L. Xu, “Ultraviolet single-frequency coupled optofluidic ring resonator dye laser,” Opt. Express 20(18), 19996–20001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wu, Y. Sun, J. D. Suter, and X. Fan, “Single mode coupled optofluidic ring resonator dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(24), 241109 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Wu, H. Li, L. Liu, and L. Xu, “Unidirectional single-frequency lasing from a ring-spiral coupled microcavity laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 1710 (2008).

Wu, Y.

C. Y. Gong, Y. Gong, W. L. Zhang, Y. Wu, Y. J. Rao, G. D. Peng, and X. Fan, “Fiber optofluidic microlaser with lateral single mode emission,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 0900206 (2017).

Xiao, Y. F.

X. Jiang, L. Shao, S. X. Zhang, X. Yi, J. Wiersig, L. Wang, Q. Gong, M. Lončar, L. Yang, and Y. F. Xiao, “Chaos-assisted broadband momentum transformation in optical microresonators,” Science 358(6361), 344–347 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, F.

F. Gu, F. Xie, X. Lin, S. Linghu, W. Fang, H. Zeng, L. Tong, and S. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Xie, N. Yao, W. Fang, H. Wang, F. Gu, and S. Zhuang, “Single-mode lasing via loss engineering in fiber-taper-coupled polymer bottle microresonators,” Photon. Res. 5(6), B29–B33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

Xu, L.

Yang, L.

W. Chen, Ş. Kaya Özdemir, G. Zhao, J. Wiersig, and L. Yang, “Exceptional points enhance sensing in an optical microcavity,” Nature 548(7666), 192–196 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, L. Shao, S. X. Zhang, X. Yi, J. Wiersig, L. Wang, Q. Gong, M. Lončar, L. Yang, and Y. F. Xiao, “Chaos-assisted broadband momentum transformation in optical microresonators,” Science 358(6361), 344–347 (2017).
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Y. Yang, F. Lei, S. Kasumie, L. Xu, J. M. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Tunable erbium-doped microbubble laser fabricated by sol-gel coating,” Opt. Express 25(2), 1308–1313 (2017).
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Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, F. Lei, S. Kasumie, L. Xu, J. M. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Tunable erbium-doped microbubble laser fabricated by sol-gel coating,” Opt. Express 25(2), 1308–1313 (2017).
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J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Glass-on-Glass Fabrication of Bottle-Shaped Tunable Microlasers and their Applications,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25152 (2016).
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Yao, N.

Yi, X.

X. Jiang, L. Shao, S. X. Zhang, X. Yi, J. Wiersig, L. Wang, Q. Gong, M. Lončar, L. Yang, and Y. F. Xiao, “Chaos-assisted broadband momentum transformation in optical microresonators,” Science 358(6361), 344–347 (2017).
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Yu, S. F.

H. Zhu, X. Chen, L. M. Jin, Q. J. Wang, F. Wang, and S. F. Yu, “Amplified Spontaneous Emission and Lasing from Lanthanide-Doped Up-Conversion Nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11420–11426 (2013).
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F. Gu, F. Xie, X. Lin, S. Linghu, W. Fang, H. Zeng, L. Tong, and S. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
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S. B. Gorajoobi, G. S. Murugan, and M. N. Zervas, “Mode-selective spectrally-cleaned-up microbottle resonator laser,” in Photonics Conference (2016), pp. 105–106.

Zhang, S. X.

X. Jiang, L. Shao, S. X. Zhang, X. Yi, J. Wiersig, L. Wang, Q. Gong, M. Lončar, L. Yang, and Y. F. Xiao, “Chaos-assisted broadband momentum transformation in optical microresonators,” Science 358(6361), 344–347 (2017).
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Zhang, W. L.

C. Y. Gong, Y. Gong, W. L. Zhang, Y. Wu, Y. J. Rao, G. D. Peng, and X. Fan, “Fiber optofluidic microlaser with lateral single mode emission,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 0900206 (2017).

Zhang, X.

L. Feng, Z. J. Wong, R. M. Ma, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Single-mode laser by parity-time symmetry breaking,” Science 346(6212), 972–975 (2014).
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W. Chen, Ş. Kaya Özdemir, G. Zhao, J. Wiersig, and L. Yang, “Exceptional points enhance sensing in an optical microcavity,” Nature 548(7666), 192–196 (2017).
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H. Zhu, X. Chen, L. M. Jin, Q. J. Wang, F. Wang, and S. F. Yu, “Amplified Spontaneous Emission and Lasing from Lanthanide-Doped Up-Conversion Nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11420–11426 (2013).
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Zhuang, S.

F. Gu, F. Xie, X. Lin, S. Linghu, W. Fang, H. Zeng, L. Tong, and S. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
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ACS Nano (1)

H. Zhu, X. Chen, L. M. Jin, Q. J. Wang, F. Wang, and S. F. Yu, “Amplified Spontaneous Emission and Lasing from Lanthanide-Doped Up-Conversion Nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11420–11426 (2013).
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C. H. Dong, F. W. Sun, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(methyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(6), 061106 (2010).
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IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Y. Gong, Y. Gong, W. L. Zhang, Y. Wu, Y. J. Rao, G. D. Peng, and X. Fan, “Fiber optofluidic microlaser with lateral single mode emission,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 0900206 (2017).

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Y. Wang, V. D. Ta, K. S. Leck, B. H. Tan, Z. Wang, T. He, C. D. Ohl, H. V. Demir, and H. Sun, “Robust whispering-gallery-mode microbubble lasers from colloidal quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2640–2646 (2017).
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W. Chen, Ş. Kaya Özdemir, G. Zhao, J. Wiersig, and L. Yang, “Exceptional points enhance sensing in an optical microcavity,” Nature 548(7666), 192–196 (2017).
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J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Glass-on-Glass Fabrication of Bottle-Shaped Tunable Microlasers and their Applications,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25152 (2016).
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H. Wang, S. Liu, L. Chen, D. Shen, and X. Wu, “Dual-wavelength single-frequency laser emission in asymmetric coupled microdisks,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38053 (2016).
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C. Dong, V. Fiore, M. C. Kuzyk, and H. Wang, “Optomechanical Dark Mode,” Science 338(6114), 1609–1613 (2012).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Feng, Z. J. Wong, R. M. Ma, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Single-mode laser by parity-time symmetry breaking,” Science 346(6212), 972–975 (2014).
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S. B. Gorajoobi, G. S. Murugan, and M. N. Zervas, “Mode-selective spectrally-cleaned-up microbottle resonator laser,” in Photonics Conference (2016), pp. 105–106.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of tapered nanofiber pumped MBR laser. (b) 1-D and (d) 2-D of field distributions of different axial modes in MBR and microsphere. (c) FWHMs of different axial modes in MBR.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental characterization of the single fundamental mode (q = 0) laser. (a) Output laser intensity as a function of the pump power (light-light curve) around the single-mode lasing wavelength. The inset shows the optical microscopy image of the tapered nanofiber attached with the center of the MBR. (b) Evolution of the normalized output intensity as a function of wavelength and pump power. The left inset is the image of the tapered nanofiber measured by an AFM and the right inset shows the height, i.e., diameter of the tapered nanofiber.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Selective single fundamental mode and single axial mode lasing when changing the tapered nanofiber position along the z-axis. (a) calculated relative wavelength of the resonant modes with different axial mode numbers q and azimuthal numbers m within one FSR. Single-mode laser spectra as the coupling positions are 5.8 μm (b), 3.8 μm (c) and, 2.5 μm (d) and 1 μm (e) away from the center of the MBR, respectively. Right panels show the corresponding optical microscopies of the MBR laser, insets are the field distribution profiles of the corresponding lasing mode.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Evolution of the normalized output intensity as a function of distance between the tapered nanofiber and MBR.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Calculated coupling factor (κ). (a) κ vs d when the tapered nanofiber is at center of the MBR. (b) κ vs q when the tapered nanofiber is at the center of MBR (z = 0). (c) κ vs q when the tapered nanofiber is 5 μm away from the center of MBR (z = 5 μm).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Single-mode lasing at various colors by doping different dye materials into the SU-8 matrix.

Equations (2)

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κ 2 = K o 2 π D b γ f exp( D b Δ β 2 2 γ f ),
K o = k 2 2 β f rz ( n m 2 n o 2 ) F o Ψ p,m,q drdz.

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