Abstract

Separation of the high average power driving laser beam from the generated XUV to soft-X-ray radiation poses great challenges in collinear HHG setups due to the losses and the limited power handling capabilities of the typically used separating optics. This paper demonstrates the potential of driving HHG with annular beams, which allow for a straightforward and power scalable separation via a simple pinhole, resulting in a measured driving laser suppression of 5⋅10−3. The approach is characterized by an enormous flexibility as it can be applied to a broad range of input parameters and generated photon energies. Phase matching aspects are analyzed in detail and an HHG conversion efficiency that is only 27% lower than using a Gaussian beam under identical conditions is demonstrated, revealing the viability of the annular beam approach for high flux coherent short-wavelength sources and high average power driving lasers.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (2)

C. M. Heyl, C. L. Arnold, A. Couairon, and A. L’Huillier, “Introduction to macroscopic power scaling principles for high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 50(1), 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Schlaepfer, A. Ludwig, M. Lucchini, L. Kasmi, M. Volkov, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Gouy Phase Shift for Annular Beam Profiles in Attosecond Experiments,” Opt. Express 25(4), 3646–3655 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (6)

Z. Chang, P. B. Corkum, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond optics and technology: progress to date and future prospects [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(6), 1081–1097 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, M. Tschnernajew, R. Klas, A. Hoffmann, G. K. Tadesse, A. Klenke, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, R. Boll, C. Bomme, H. Dachraoui, B. Erk, M. Di Fraia, D. A. Horke, T. Kierspel, T. Mullins, A. Przystawik, E. Savelyev, J. Wiese, T. Laarmann, J. Küpper, and D. Rolles, “High-repetition-rate and high-photon-flux 70 eV high-harmonic source for coincidence ion imaging of gas-phase molecules,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18133–18147 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hädrich, M. Kienel, M. Müller, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, R. Klas, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, A. Drozdy, P. Jójárt, Z. Várallyay, E. Cormier, K. Osvay, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Energetic sub-2-cycle laser with 216 W average power,” Opt. Lett. 41(18), 4332–4335 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Klas, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, A. Tünnermann, J. Rothhardt, and J. Limpert, “Table-top milliwatt-class extreme ultraviolet high harmonic light source,” Optica 3(11), 1167–1170 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. K. Tadesse, R. Klas, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, I. Wahyutama, M. Steinert, C. Spielmann, M. Zürch, T. Pertsch, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, and J. Rothhardt, “High Speed and High Resolution Table-Top Nanoscale Imaging,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5170–5173 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hädrich, M. Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(17), 172002 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, M. Krebs, D. F. A. Winters, T. Kühl, T. Stöhlker, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Prospects for laser spectroscopy of highly charged ions with high-harmonic XUV and soft x-ray sources,” Phys. Scr. T166, 014030 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Miao, T. Ishikawa, I. K. Robinson, and M. M. Murnane, “Beyond crystallography: diffractive imaging using coherent x-ray light sources,” Science 348(6234), 530–535 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Manschwetus, N. Lin, J. Rothhardt, R. Guichard, T. Auguste, A. Camper, P. Breger, J. Caillat, M. Géléoc, T. Ruchon, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Self-Probing Spectroscopy of the SF6 Molecule: A Study of the Spectral Amplitude and Phase of the High Harmonic Emission,” J. Phys. Chem. A 119(23), 6111–6122 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16(3), 033022 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme-ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. M. Heyl, S. N. Bengtsson, S. Carlström, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, and A. L’Huillier, “Noncollinear optical gating,” New J. Phys. 16(5), 052001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, K. Zhao, J. Li, M. Chini, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, E. Cunningham, and Z. Chang, “Suppression of driving laser in high harmonic generation with a microchannel plate,” Opt. Lett. 39(12), 3670–3673 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Cousin, F. Silva, S. Teichmann, M. Hemmer, B. Buades, and J. Biegert, “High-flux table-top soft x-ray source driven by sub-2-cycle, CEP stable, 1.85-μm 1-kHz pulses for carbon K-edge spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 39(18), 5383–5386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Negro, M. Devetta, D. Faccialá, A. G. Ciriolo, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, V. Tosa, C. Vozzi, and S. Stagira, “Non-collinear high-order harmonic generation by three interfering laser beams,” Opt. Express 22(24), 29778–29786 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

A. K. Mills, T. J. Hammond, M. H. C. Lam, and D. J. Jones, “XUV frequency combs via femtosecond enhancement cavities,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(14), 142001 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Frank, C. Arrell, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, J. McKenna, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, D. Austin, H. Teng, I. A. Walmsley, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Invited review article: Technology for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 071101 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

A. Sakdinawat and D. Attwood, “Nanoscale X-ray imaging,” Nat. Photonics 4(12), 840–848 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosecond light bunching,” Nature 426(6964), 267–271 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302(5650), 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

S. Fomichev, P. Breger, B. Carre, P. Agostini, and D. F. Zaretsky, “Non-collinear high-harmonic generation,” Laser Phys. 12, 383–388 (2002).

2001 (2)

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Feng and H. G. Winful, “Physical origin of the Gouy phase shift,” Opt. Lett. 26(8), 485–487 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in Ultrashort Pulse Generation: Pushing the Limits in Linear and Nonlinear Optics,” Science 286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-Ray Interactions: Photoabsorption, Scattering, Transmission, and Reflection at E = 50-30,000 eV, Z = 1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21(3), L31–L35 (1988).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

Agostini, P.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302(5650), 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Fomichev, P. Breger, B. Carre, P. Agostini, and D. F. Zaretsky, “Non-collinear high-harmonic generation,” Laser Phys. 12, 383–388 (2002).

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Apolonski, A.

Arnold, C. L.

C. M. Heyl, C. L. Arnold, A. Couairon, and A. L’Huillier, “Introduction to macroscopic power scaling principles for high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 50(1), 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. M. Heyl, S. N. Bengtsson, S. Carlström, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, and A. L’Huillier, “Noncollinear optical gating,” New J. Phys. 16(5), 052001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Arrell, C.

F. Frank, C. Arrell, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, J. McKenna, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, D. Austin, H. Teng, I. A. Walmsley, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Invited review article: Technology for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 071101 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Attwood, D.

A. Sakdinawat and D. Attwood, “Nanoscale X-ray imaging,” Nat. Photonics 4(12), 840–848 (2010).
[Crossref]

Augé, F.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Auguste, T.

B. Manschwetus, N. Lin, J. Rothhardt, R. Guichard, T. Auguste, A. Camper, P. Breger, J. Caillat, M. Géléoc, T. Ruchon, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Self-Probing Spectroscopy of the SF6 Molecule: A Study of the Spectral Amplitude and Phase of the High Harmonic Emission,” J. Phys. Chem. A 119(23), 6111–6122 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Austin, D.

F. Frank, C. Arrell, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, J. McKenna, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, D. Austin, H. Teng, I. A. Walmsley, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Invited review article: Technology for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 071101 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balcou, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bengtsson, S. N.

C. M. Heyl, S. N. Bengtsson, S. Carlström, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, and A. L’Huillier, “Noncollinear optical gating,” New J. Phys. 16(5), 052001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Biegert, J.

Bokor, J.

Boll, R.

Bomme, C.

Breger, P.

B. Manschwetus, N. Lin, J. Rothhardt, R. Guichard, T. Auguste, A. Camper, P. Breger, J. Caillat, M. Géléoc, T. Ruchon, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Self-Probing Spectroscopy of the SF6 Molecule: A Study of the Spectral Amplitude and Phase of the High Harmonic Emission,” J. Phys. Chem. A 119(23), 6111–6122 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302(5650), 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Fomichev, P. Breger, B. Carre, P. Agostini, and D. F. Zaretsky, “Non-collinear high-harmonic generation,” Laser Phys. 12, 383–388 (2002).

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Buades, B.

Caillat, J.

B. Manschwetus, N. Lin, J. Rothhardt, R. Guichard, T. Auguste, A. Camper, P. Breger, J. Caillat, M. Géléoc, T. Ruchon, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Self-Probing Spectroscopy of the SF6 Molecule: A Study of the Spectral Amplitude and Phase of the High Harmonic Emission,” J. Phys. Chem. A 119(23), 6111–6122 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calegari, F.

Camper, A.

B. Manschwetus, N. Lin, J. Rothhardt, R. Guichard, T. Auguste, A. Camper, P. Breger, J. Caillat, M. Géléoc, T. Ruchon, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Self-Probing Spectroscopy of the SF6 Molecule: A Study of the Spectral Amplitude and Phase of the High Harmonic Emission,” J. Phys. Chem. A 119(23), 6111–6122 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carlström, S.

C. M. Heyl, S. N. Bengtsson, S. Carlström, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, and A. L’Huillier, “Noncollinear optical gating,” New J. Phys. 16(5), 052001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Carre, B.

S. Fomichev, P. Breger, B. Carre, P. Agostini, and D. F. Zaretsky, “Non-collinear high-harmonic generation,” Laser Phys. 12, 383–388 (2002).

Carré, B.

B. Manschwetus, N. Lin, J. Rothhardt, R. Guichard, T. Auguste, A. Camper, P. Breger, J. Caillat, M. Géléoc, T. Ruchon, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Self-Probing Spectroscopy of the SF6 Molecule: A Study of the Spectral Amplitude and Phase of the High Harmonic Emission,” J. Phys. Chem. A 119(23), 6111–6122 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302(5650), 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Chang, Z.

Charalambidis, D.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosecond light bunching,” Nature 426(6964), 267–271 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Chini, M.

Ciriolo, A. G.

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E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
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Corkum, P. B.

Cormier, E.

Couairon, A.

C. M. Heyl, C. L. Arnold, A. Couairon, and A. L’Huillier, “Introduction to macroscopic power scaling principles for high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 50(1), 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

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Cunningham, E.

Dachraoui, H.

Davis, J. C.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-Ray Interactions: Photoabsorption, Scattering, Transmission, and Reflection at E = 50-30,000 eV, Z = 1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
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Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302(5650), 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Demmler, S.

S. Hädrich, M. Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(17), 172002 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Klas, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, A. Tünnermann, J. Rothhardt, and J. Limpert, “Table-top milliwatt-class extreme ultraviolet high harmonic light source,” Optica 3(11), 1167–1170 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. K. Tadesse, R. Klas, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, I. Wahyutama, M. Steinert, C. Spielmann, M. Zürch, T. Pertsch, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, and J. Rothhardt, “High Speed and High Resolution Table-Top Nanoscale Imaging,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5170–5173 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, M. Krebs, D. F. A. Winters, T. Kühl, T. Stöhlker, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Prospects for laser spectroscopy of highly charged ions with high-harmonic XUV and soft x-ray sources,” Phys. Scr. T166, 014030 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16(3), 033022 (2014).
[Crossref]

Devetta, M.

Di Fraia, M.

Dinu, L. C.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302(5650), 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dorrer, C.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Drozdy, A.

Eidam, T.

Erk, B.

Faccialá, D.

Falcone, R. W.

Feng, S.

Ferray, M.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21(3), L31–L35 (1988).
[Crossref]

Fill, E.

Fomichev, S.

S. Fomichev, P. Breger, B. Carre, P. Agostini, and D. F. Zaretsky, “Non-collinear high-harmonic generation,” Laser Phys. 12, 383–388 (2002).

Frank, F.

F. Frank, C. Arrell, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, J. McKenna, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, D. Austin, H. Teng, I. A. Walmsley, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Invited review article: Technology for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 071101 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frasinski, L. J.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302(5650), 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frassetto, F.

Gallmann, L.

F. Schlaepfer, A. Ludwig, M. Lucchini, L. Kasmi, M. Volkov, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Gouy Phase Shift for Annular Beam Profiles in Attosecond Experiments,” Opt. Express 25(4), 3646–3655 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in Ultrashort Pulse Generation: Pushing the Limits in Linear and Nonlinear Optics,” Science 286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garzella, D.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Géléoc, M.

B. Manschwetus, N. Lin, J. Rothhardt, R. Guichard, T. Auguste, A. Camper, P. Breger, J. Caillat, M. Géléoc, T. Ruchon, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Self-Probing Spectroscopy of the SF6 Molecule: A Study of the Spectral Amplitude and Phase of the High Harmonic Emission,” J. Phys. Chem. A 119(23), 6111–6122 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gottschall, T.

Guichard, R.

B. Manschwetus, N. Lin, J. Rothhardt, R. Guichard, T. Auguste, A. Camper, P. Breger, J. Caillat, M. Géléoc, T. Ruchon, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Self-Probing Spectroscopy of the SF6 Molecule: A Study of the Spectral Amplitude and Phase of the High Harmonic Emission,” J. Phys. Chem. A 119(23), 6111–6122 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gullikson, E. M.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-Ray Interactions: Photoabsorption, Scattering, Transmission, and Reflection at E = 50-30,000 eV, Z = 1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hädrich, S.

S. Hädrich, M. Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(17), 172002 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Hädrich, M. Kienel, M. Müller, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, R. Klas, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, A. Drozdy, P. Jójárt, Z. Várallyay, E. Cormier, K. Osvay, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Energetic sub-2-cycle laser with 216 W average power,” Opt. Lett. 41(18), 4332–4335 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. K. Tadesse, R. Klas, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, I. Wahyutama, M. Steinert, C. Spielmann, M. Zürch, T. Pertsch, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, and J. Rothhardt, “High Speed and High Resolution Table-Top Nanoscale Imaging,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5170–5173 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Klas, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, A. Tünnermann, J. Rothhardt, and J. Limpert, “Table-top milliwatt-class extreme ultraviolet high harmonic light source,” Optica 3(11), 1167–1170 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, M. Tschnernajew, R. Klas, A. Hoffmann, G. K. Tadesse, A. Klenke, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, R. Boll, C. Bomme, H. Dachraoui, B. Erk, M. Di Fraia, D. A. Horke, T. Kierspel, T. Mullins, A. Przystawik, E. Savelyev, J. Wiese, T. Laarmann, J. Küpper, and D. Rolles, “High-repetition-rate and high-photon-flux 70 eV high-harmonic source for coincidence ion imaging of gas-phase molecules,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18133–18147 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, M. Krebs, D. F. A. Winters, T. Kühl, T. Stöhlker, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Prospects for laser spectroscopy of highly charged ions with high-harmonic XUV and soft x-ray sources,” Phys. Scr. T166, 014030 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme-ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16(3), 033022 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hammond, T. J.

A. K. Mills, T. J. Hammond, M. H. C. Lam, and D. J. Jones, “XUV frequency combs via femtosecond enhancement cavities,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(14), 142001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Haworth, C. A.

F. Frank, C. Arrell, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, J. McKenna, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, D. Austin, H. Teng, I. A. Walmsley, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Invited review article: Technology for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 071101 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hemmer, M.

Henke, B. L.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-Ray Interactions: Photoabsorption, Scattering, Transmission, and Reflection at E = 50-30,000 eV, Z = 1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Heyl, C. M.

C. M. Heyl, C. L. Arnold, A. Couairon, and A. L’Huillier, “Introduction to macroscopic power scaling principles for high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 50(1), 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. M. Heyl, S. N. Bengtsson, S. Carlström, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, and A. L’Huillier, “Noncollinear optical gating,” New J. Phys. 16(5), 052001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, A.

Horke, D. A.

Ishikawa, T.

J. Miao, T. Ishikawa, I. K. Robinson, and M. M. Murnane, “Beyond crystallography: diffractive imaging using coherent x-ray light sources,” Science 348(6234), 530–535 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jan Rothhardt, M.

S. Hädrich, M. Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(17), 172002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jójárt, P.

Jones, D. J.

A. K. Mills, T. J. Hammond, M. H. C. Lam, and D. J. Jones, “XUV frequency combs via femtosecond enhancement cavities,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(14), 142001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kasmi, L.

Keller, U.

F. Schlaepfer, A. Ludwig, M. Lucchini, L. Kasmi, M. Volkov, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Gouy Phase Shift for Annular Beam Profiles in Attosecond Experiments,” Opt. Express 25(4), 3646–3655 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in Ultrashort Pulse Generation: Pushing the Limits in Linear and Nonlinear Optics,” Science 286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kienel, M.

Kierspel, T.

Klas, R.

Klenke, A.

Kovacev, M.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302(5650), 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

Krebs, M.

S. Hädrich, M. Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(17), 172002 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, M. Krebs, D. F. A. Winters, T. Kühl, T. Stöhlker, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Prospects for laser spectroscopy of highly charged ions with high-harmonic XUV and soft x-ray sources,” Phys. Scr. T166, 014030 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme-ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16(3), 033022 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kühl, T.

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, M. Krebs, D. F. A. Winters, T. Kühl, T. Stöhlker, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Prospects for laser spectroscopy of highly charged ions with high-harmonic XUV and soft x-ray sources,” Phys. Scr. T166, 014030 (2015).
[Crossref]

Küpper, J.

L’Huillier, A.

C. M. Heyl, C. L. Arnold, A. Couairon, and A. L’Huillier, “Introduction to macroscopic power scaling principles for high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 50(1), 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. M. Heyl, S. N. Bengtsson, S. Carlström, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, and A. L’Huillier, “Noncollinear optical gating,” New J. Phys. 16(5), 052001 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21(3), L31–L35 (1988).
[Crossref]

Laarmann, T.

Lam, M. H. C.

A. K. Mills, T. J. Hammond, M. H. C. Lam, and D. J. Jones, “XUV frequency combs via femtosecond enhancement cavities,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(14), 142001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Le Blanc, C.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Leone, S. R.

Li, J.

Li, X. F.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21(3), L31–L35 (1988).
[Crossref]

Limpert, J.

S. Hädrich, M. Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(17), 172002 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, M. Tschnernajew, R. Klas, A. Hoffmann, G. K. Tadesse, A. Klenke, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, R. Boll, C. Bomme, H. Dachraoui, B. Erk, M. Di Fraia, D. A. Horke, T. Kierspel, T. Mullins, A. Przystawik, E. Savelyev, J. Wiese, T. Laarmann, J. Küpper, and D. Rolles, “High-repetition-rate and high-photon-flux 70 eV high-harmonic source for coincidence ion imaging of gas-phase molecules,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18133–18147 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Klas, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, A. Tünnermann, J. Rothhardt, and J. Limpert, “Table-top milliwatt-class extreme ultraviolet high harmonic light source,” Optica 3(11), 1167–1170 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Hädrich, M. Kienel, M. Müller, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, R. Klas, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, A. Drozdy, P. Jójárt, Z. Várallyay, E. Cormier, K. Osvay, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Energetic sub-2-cycle laser with 216 W average power,” Opt. Lett. 41(18), 4332–4335 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. K. Tadesse, R. Klas, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, I. Wahyutama, M. Steinert, C. Spielmann, M. Zürch, T. Pertsch, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, and J. Rothhardt, “High Speed and High Resolution Table-Top Nanoscale Imaging,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5170–5173 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, M. Krebs, D. F. A. Winters, T. Kühl, T. Stöhlker, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Prospects for laser spectroscopy of highly charged ions with high-harmonic XUV and soft x-ray sources,” Phys. Scr. T166, 014030 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme-ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16(3), 033022 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, N.

B. Manschwetus, N. Lin, J. Rothhardt, R. Guichard, T. Auguste, A. Camper, P. Breger, J. Caillat, M. Géléoc, T. Ruchon, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Self-Probing Spectroscopy of the SF6 Molecule: A Study of the Spectral Amplitude and Phase of the High Harmonic Emission,” J. Phys. Chem. A 119(23), 6111–6122 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lompre, L. A.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21(3), L31–L35 (1988).
[Crossref]

Lucchini, M.

Ludwig, A.

Mainfray, G.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21(3), L31–L35 (1988).
[Crossref]

Mairesse, Y.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302(5650), 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manschwetus, B.

B. Manschwetus, N. Lin, J. Rothhardt, R. Guichard, T. Auguste, A. Camper, P. Breger, J. Caillat, M. Géléoc, T. Ruchon, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Self-Probing Spectroscopy of the SF6 Molecule: A Study of the Spectral Amplitude and Phase of the High Harmonic Emission,” J. Phys. Chem. A 119(23), 6111–6122 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manus, C.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21(3), L31–L35 (1988).
[Crossref]

Marangos, J. P.

F. Frank, C. Arrell, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, J. McKenna, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, D. Austin, H. Teng, I. A. Walmsley, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Invited review article: Technology for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 071101 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matuschek, N.

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in Ultrashort Pulse Generation: Pushing the Limits in Linear and Nonlinear Optics,” Science 286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mauritsson, J.

C. M. Heyl, S. N. Bengtsson, S. Carlström, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, and A. L’Huillier, “Noncollinear optical gating,” New J. Phys. 16(5), 052001 (2014).
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McKenna, J.

F. Frank, C. Arrell, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, J. McKenna, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, D. Austin, H. Teng, I. A. Walmsley, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Invited review article: Technology for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 071101 (2012).
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Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302(5650), 1540–1543 (2003).
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E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
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Miao, J.

J. Miao, T. Ishikawa, I. K. Robinson, and M. M. Murnane, “Beyond crystallography: diffractive imaging using coherent x-ray light sources,” Science 348(6234), 530–535 (2015).
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Mills, A. K.

A. K. Mills, T. J. Hammond, M. H. C. Lam, and D. J. Jones, “XUV frequency combs via femtosecond enhancement cavities,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(14), 142001 (2012).
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Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302(5650), 1540–1543 (2003).
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Muller, H. G.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302(5650), 1540–1543 (2003).
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P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
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Müller, M.

Mullins, T.

Mullot, G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
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Murnane, M. M.

J. Miao, T. Ishikawa, I. K. Robinson, and M. M. Murnane, “Beyond crystallography: diffractive imaging using coherent x-ray light sources,” Science 348(6234), 530–535 (2015).
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Negro, M.

Okell, W. A.

F. Frank, C. Arrell, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, J. McKenna, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, D. Austin, H. Teng, I. A. Walmsley, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Invited review article: Technology for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 071101 (2012).
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Osvay, K.

Papadogiannis, N. A.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosecond light bunching,” Nature 426(6964), 267–271 (2003).
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P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
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Peatross, J.

Pertsch, T.

Pervak, V.

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme-ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
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O. Pronin, V. Pervak, E. Fill, J. Rauschenberger, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Ultrabroadband efficient intracavity XUV output coupler,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10232–10240 (2011).
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Poletto, L.

Pronin, O.

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme-ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
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O. Pronin, V. Pervak, E. Fill, J. Rauschenberger, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Ultrabroadband efficient intracavity XUV output coupler,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10232–10240 (2011).
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Przystawik, A.

Rauschenberger, J.

Robinson, I. K.

J. Miao, T. Ishikawa, I. K. Robinson, and M. M. Murnane, “Beyond crystallography: diffractive imaging using coherent x-ray light sources,” Science 348(6234), 530–535 (2015).
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Robinson, J. S.

F. Frank, C. Arrell, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, J. McKenna, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, D. Austin, H. Teng, I. A. Walmsley, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Invited review article: Technology for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 071101 (2012).
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Rolles, D.

Rothhardt, J.

S. Hädrich, M. Kienel, M. Müller, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, R. Klas, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, A. Drozdy, P. Jójárt, Z. Várallyay, E. Cormier, K. Osvay, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Energetic sub-2-cycle laser with 216 W average power,” Opt. Lett. 41(18), 4332–4335 (2016).
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R. Klas, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, A. Tünnermann, J. Rothhardt, and J. Limpert, “Table-top milliwatt-class extreme ultraviolet high harmonic light source,” Optica 3(11), 1167–1170 (2016).
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J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, M. Tschnernajew, R. Klas, A. Hoffmann, G. K. Tadesse, A. Klenke, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, R. Boll, C. Bomme, H. Dachraoui, B. Erk, M. Di Fraia, D. A. Horke, T. Kierspel, T. Mullins, A. Przystawik, E. Savelyev, J. Wiese, T. Laarmann, J. Küpper, and D. Rolles, “High-repetition-rate and high-photon-flux 70 eV high-harmonic source for coincidence ion imaging of gas-phase molecules,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18133–18147 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. K. Tadesse, R. Klas, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, I. Wahyutama, M. Steinert, C. Spielmann, M. Zürch, T. Pertsch, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, and J. Rothhardt, “High Speed and High Resolution Table-Top Nanoscale Imaging,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5170–5173 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Manschwetus, N. Lin, J. Rothhardt, R. Guichard, T. Auguste, A. Camper, P. Breger, J. Caillat, M. Géléoc, T. Ruchon, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Self-Probing Spectroscopy of the SF6 Molecule: A Study of the Spectral Amplitude and Phase of the High Harmonic Emission,” J. Phys. Chem. A 119(23), 6111–6122 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, M. Krebs, D. F. A. Winters, T. Kühl, T. Stöhlker, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Prospects for laser spectroscopy of highly charged ions with high-harmonic XUV and soft x-ray sources,” Phys. Scr. T166, 014030 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme-ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16(3), 033022 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ruchon, T.

B. Manschwetus, N. Lin, J. Rothhardt, R. Guichard, T. Auguste, A. Camper, P. Breger, J. Caillat, M. Géléoc, T. Ruchon, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Self-Probing Spectroscopy of the SF6 Molecule: A Study of the Spectral Amplitude and Phase of the High Harmonic Emission,” J. Phys. Chem. A 119(23), 6111–6122 (2015).
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A. Sakdinawat and D. Attwood, “Nanoscale X-ray imaging,” Nat. Photonics 4(12), 840–848 (2010).
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B. Manschwetus, N. Lin, J. Rothhardt, R. Guichard, T. Auguste, A. Camper, P. Breger, J. Caillat, M. Géléoc, T. Ruchon, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Self-Probing Spectroscopy of the SF6 Molecule: A Study of the Spectral Amplitude and Phase of the High Harmonic Emission,” J. Phys. Chem. A 119(23), 6111–6122 (2015).
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Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302(5650), 1540–1543 (2003).
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E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
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Schlaepfer, F.

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G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in Ultrashort Pulse Generation: Pushing the Limits in Linear and Nonlinear Optics,” Science 286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
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J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, M. Krebs, D. F. A. Winters, T. Kühl, T. Stöhlker, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Prospects for laser spectroscopy of highly charged ions with high-harmonic XUV and soft x-ray sources,” Phys. Scr. T166, 014030 (2015).
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G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in Ultrashort Pulse Generation: Pushing the Limits in Linear and Nonlinear Optics,” Science 286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
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Taïeb, R.

B. Manschwetus, N. Lin, J. Rothhardt, R. Guichard, T. Auguste, A. Camper, P. Breger, J. Caillat, M. Géléoc, T. Ruchon, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Self-Probing Spectroscopy of the SF6 Molecule: A Study of the Spectral Amplitude and Phase of the High Harmonic Emission,” J. Phys. Chem. A 119(23), 6111–6122 (2015).
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Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302(5650), 1540–1543 (2003).
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Teichmann, S.

Teng, H.

F. Frank, C. Arrell, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, J. McKenna, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, D. Austin, H. Teng, I. A. Walmsley, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Invited review article: Technology for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 071101 (2012).
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F. Frank, C. Arrell, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, J. McKenna, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, D. Austin, H. Teng, I. A. Walmsley, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Invited review article: Technology for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 071101 (2012).
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P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
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Tosa, V.

Tsakiris, G. D.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosecond light bunching,” Nature 426(6964), 267–271 (2003).
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Tschernajew, M.

Tschnernajew, M.

Tünnermann, A.

S. Hädrich, M. Kienel, M. Müller, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, R. Klas, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, A. Drozdy, P. Jójárt, Z. Várallyay, E. Cormier, K. Osvay, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Energetic sub-2-cycle laser with 216 W average power,” Opt. Lett. 41(18), 4332–4335 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Klas, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, A. Tünnermann, J. Rothhardt, and J. Limpert, “Table-top milliwatt-class extreme ultraviolet high harmonic light source,” Optica 3(11), 1167–1170 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, M. Tschnernajew, R. Klas, A. Hoffmann, G. K. Tadesse, A. Klenke, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, R. Boll, C. Bomme, H. Dachraoui, B. Erk, M. Di Fraia, D. A. Horke, T. Kierspel, T. Mullins, A. Przystawik, E. Savelyev, J. Wiese, T. Laarmann, J. Küpper, and D. Rolles, “High-repetition-rate and high-photon-flux 70 eV high-harmonic source for coincidence ion imaging of gas-phase molecules,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18133–18147 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. K. Tadesse, R. Klas, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, I. Wahyutama, M. Steinert, C. Spielmann, M. Zürch, T. Pertsch, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, and J. Rothhardt, “High Speed and High Resolution Table-Top Nanoscale Imaging,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5170–5173 (2016).
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S. Hädrich, M. Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49(17), 172002 (2016).
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J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, M. Krebs, D. F. A. Winters, T. Kühl, T. Stöhlker, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Prospects for laser spectroscopy of highly charged ions with high-harmonic XUV and soft x-ray sources,” Phys. Scr. T166, 014030 (2015).
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J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16(3), 033022 (2014).
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S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme-ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
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Tzallas, P.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosecond light bunching,” Nature 426(6964), 267–271 (2003).
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Várallyay, Z.

Volkov, M.

Vozzi, C.

Wahyutama, I.

Walmsley, I. A.

F. Frank, C. Arrell, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, J. McKenna, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, D. Austin, H. Teng, I. A. Walmsley, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Invited review article: Technology for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 071101 (2012).
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Winful, H. G.

Winters, D. F. A.

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, M. Krebs, D. F. A. Winters, T. Kühl, T. Stöhlker, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Prospects for laser spectroscopy of highly charged ions with high-harmonic XUV and soft x-ray sources,” Phys. Scr. T166, 014030 (2015).
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Witte, K.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosecond light bunching,” Nature 426(6964), 267–271 (2003).
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F. Frank, C. Arrell, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, J. McKenna, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, D. Austin, H. Teng, I. A. Walmsley, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Invited review article: Technology for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(7), 071101 (2012).
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Zhang, Q.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup. The drilled mirror could be exchanged with a plane mirror (not shown here) for Gaussian beam operation (GIPs: grazing incidence plates).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Lineouts of the driving laser beam profiles at the position of the 1 mm pinhole for the annular (blue) and Gaussian beam (red).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Lineout (solid lines) and simulation (dashed lines) of the beam profile at the focus (shown on the left). The 3rd picture shows a microscope image of the drilled mirror.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Simulated Gouy phase gradient for the experimentally observed focal spot sizes. The blue shaded area indicates the beam waist of the focused beam.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Normalized spectra for the harmonics generated with an annular (blue) and a Gaussian beam (red). The inset shows the spatial lineout of the 11th harmonic at 26.6 eV, while the blue and orange line correspond to annular beam measurements with and without a separation pinhole.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Power of the 11th harmonic, generated with annular (blue) and Gaussian beams (red).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Calculated divergence assuming a 6 µm XUV focal spot diameter.

Equations (1)

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Δk=Δ k dispersion | Δ k Gouy |+Δ k dipole ,

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