Abstract

We describe a broadband (12.5–30 nm) extreme ultraviolet (XUV) spectrograph, which is stigmatic throughout its operating range. The instrument employs a near-normal-incidence aperiodic Mo/Si multilayer mirror and a grazing-incidence plane varied line-space (VLS) grating. Strict stigmatism is fulfilled simultaneously at two wavelengths and the condition of practical stigmatism is fulfilled over two octaves in wavelength. The vertically space-resolved line spectra of multiple charge ions from laser plasma were recorded to demonstrate a spectral resolving power of 103 and a spatial resolution of ~26 μm, both figures corresponding to two detector pixels. The electron density was evaluated from the Stark broadening of the Balmer line Hβ (135 Å) of C VI in the plasma excited by 0.5 J, 8 ns, 1.06 μm pulses.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (2)

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. N. Ragozin, A. A. Belokopytov, A. O. Kolesnikov, E. Muslimov, A. N. Shatokhin, and E. A. Vishnyakov, “Flat-field VLS spectrometers for laboratory applications,”',” Proc. SPIE 10235, 102350L (2017).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

E. A. Vishnyakov, A. N. Shatokhin, and E. N. Ragozin, “Conception of broadband stigmatic high-resolution spectrometers for the soft X-ray range,” Quantum Electron. 45(4), 371–376 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. L. Windt and E. M. Gullikson, “Pd/B4C/Y multilayer coatings for extreme ultraviolet applications near 10 nm wavelength,” Appl. Opt. 54(18), 5850–5860 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov and E. N. Ragozin, “Aperiodic multilayer structures in soft X-ray optics,” Phys. Uspekhi 58(11), 1095–1105 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

T. Warwick, Y.-D. Chuang, D. L. Voronov, and H. A. Padmore, “A multiplexed high-resolution imaging spectrometer for resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(4), 736–743 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

J. Dunn, E. W. Magee, R. Shepherd, H. Chen, S. B. Hansen, S. J. Moon, G. V. Brown, M.-F. Gu, P. Beiersdorfer, and M. A. Purvis, “High resolution soft x-ray spectroscopy of low Z K-shell emission from laser-produced plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), E314 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

V. E. Levashov, K. N. Mednikov, A. S. Pirozhkov, and E. N. Ragozin, “Aperiodic X-ray multilayer mirrors and their application in plasma spectroscopy,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 75(11), 1819–1823 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

P. Beiersdorfer, E. W. Magee, E. Träbert, H. Chen, J. K. Lepson, M.-F. Gu, and M. Schmidt, “Flat-field grating spectrometer for high-resolution soft x-ray and extreme ultraviolet measurements on an electron beam ion trap,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3723–3726 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

E. N. Ragozin, V. V. Kondratenko, V. E. Levashov, Yu. P. Pershin, and A. S. Pirozhkov, “Broadband normal-incidence aperiodic multilayer mirrors for soft X-ray dispersion spectroscopy: theory and implementation,” Proc. SPIE 4782, 176–184 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Poletto, P. Nicolosi, and G. Tondello, “Optical design of a stigmatic extreme-ultraviolet spectroscopic system for emission and absorption studies of laser-produced plasmas,” Appl. Opt. 41(1), 172–181 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

N. N. Kolachevsky, A. S. Pirozhkov, and E. N. Ragozin, “Broadband X-ray optical elements based on aperiodic multilayer structures,” Quantum Electron. 30(5), 428–434 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

D. Neely, D. Chambers, C. Danson, P. Norreys, S. Preston, F. Quinn, M. Roper, J. Wark, and M. Zepf, “A multi-channel soft X-ray flat-field spectrometer,” AIP Conf. Proc. 426, 479–484 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

J. H. Underwood, E. M. Gullikson, M. Koike, and S. Mrowka, “Experimental comparison of mechanically ruled and holographically recorded plane varied-line spacing gratings,” Proc. SPIE 3150, 40–46 (1997).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, J. H. Underwood, P. J. Batson, and S. Mrowka, “Observation of Gain-Narrowing and Saturation Behavior in Se X-Ray Laser Line Profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(22), 3291–3294 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Z. Fan, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, Z. Z. Xu, and X. Guo, “Stigmatic grazing-incidence flat-field grating spectrograph,” Appl. Opt. 31(31), 6720–6723 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

1986 (1)

M. C. Hettrick and J. H. Underwood, “Variedspace grazing incidence gratings in high resolution scanning spectrometers,” AIP Conf. Proc. 147, 237–245 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

1983 (2)

1980 (1)

Ahmed, H.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bär, M.

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Batson, P.

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Batson, P. J.

J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, J. H. Underwood, P. J. Batson, and S. Mrowka, “Observation of Gain-Narrowing and Saturation Behavior in Se X-Ray Laser Line Profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(22), 3291–3294 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Hettrick, J. H. Underwood, P. J. Batson, and M. J. Eckart, “Resolving power of 35,000 (5 mA) in the extreme ultraviolet employing a grazing incidence spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 27(2), 200–202 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beiersdorfer, P.

J. Dunn, E. W. Magee, R. Shepherd, H. Chen, S. B. Hansen, S. J. Moon, G. V. Brown, M.-F. Gu, P. Beiersdorfer, and M. A. Purvis, “High resolution soft x-ray spectroscopy of low Z K-shell emission from laser-produced plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), E314 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Beiersdorfer, E. W. Magee, E. Träbert, H. Chen, J. K. Lepson, M.-F. Gu, and M. Schmidt, “Flat-field grating spectrometer for high-resolution soft x-ray and extreme ultraviolet measurements on an electron beam ion trap,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3723–3726 (2004).
[Crossref]

Belokopytov, A. A.

E. N. Ragozin, A. A. Belokopytov, A. O. Kolesnikov, E. Muslimov, A. N. Shatokhin, and E. A. Vishnyakov, “Flat-field VLS spectrometers for laboratory applications,”',” Proc. SPIE 10235, 102350L (2017).
[Crossref]

Blum, M.

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bolton, P. R.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Borghesi, M.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bowyer, S.

Brenner, C.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brown, G. V.

J. Dunn, E. W. Magee, R. Shepherd, H. Chen, S. B. Hansen, S. J. Moon, G. V. Brown, M.-F. Gu, P. Beiersdorfer, and M. A. Purvis, “High resolution soft x-ray spectroscopy of low Z K-shell emission from laser-produced plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), E314 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bulanov, S. V.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chambers, D.

D. Neely, D. Chambers, C. Danson, P. Norreys, S. Preston, F. Quinn, M. Roper, J. Wark, and M. Zepf, “A multi-channel soft X-ray flat-field spectrometer,” AIP Conf. Proc. 426, 479–484 (1998).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

J. Dunn, E. W. Magee, R. Shepherd, H. Chen, S. B. Hansen, S. J. Moon, G. V. Brown, M.-F. Gu, P. Beiersdorfer, and M. A. Purvis, “High resolution soft x-ray spectroscopy of low Z K-shell emission from laser-produced plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), E314 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Beiersdorfer, E. W. Magee, E. Träbert, H. Chen, J. K. Lepson, M.-F. Gu, and M. Schmidt, “Flat-field grating spectrometer for high-resolution soft x-ray and extreme ultraviolet measurements on an electron beam ion trap,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3723–3726 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.-M.

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chuang, Y.-D.

T. Warwick, Y.-D. Chuang, D. L. Voronov, and H. A. Padmore, “A multiplexed high-resolution imaging spectrometer for resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(4), 736–743 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coraggia, S.

Coury, M.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Daido, H.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Daito, I.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Danson, C.

D. Neely, D. Chambers, C. Danson, P. Norreys, S. Preston, F. Quinn, M. Roper, J. Wark, and M. Zepf, “A multi-channel soft X-ray flat-field spectrometer,” AIP Conf. Proc. 426, 479–484 (1998).
[Crossref]

Denlinger, J.

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dromey, B.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dunn, J.

J. Dunn, E. W. Magee, R. Shepherd, H. Chen, S. B. Hansen, S. J. Moon, G. V. Brown, M.-F. Gu, P. Beiersdorfer, and M. A. Purvis, “High resolution soft x-ray spectroscopy of low Z K-shell emission from laser-produced plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), E314 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eckart, M. J.

Esirkepov, T. Zh.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faenov, A. Ya.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, P. Z.

Follath, R.

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Foster, P.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frassetto, F.

Fuchs, O.

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fukuda, Y.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gallegos, P.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Green, J.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, M.-F.

J. Dunn, E. W. Magee, R. Shepherd, H. Chen, S. B. Hansen, S. J. Moon, G. V. Brown, M.-F. Gu, P. Beiersdorfer, and M. A. Purvis, “High resolution soft x-ray spectroscopy of low Z K-shell emission from laser-produced plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), E314 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Beiersdorfer, E. W. Magee, E. Träbert, H. Chen, J. K. Lepson, M.-F. Gu, and M. Schmidt, “Flat-field grating spectrometer for high-resolution soft x-ray and extreme ultraviolet measurements on an electron beam ion trap,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3723–3726 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gullikson, E.

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gullikson, E. M.

D. L. Windt and E. M. Gullikson, “Pd/B4C/Y multilayer coatings for extreme ultraviolet applications near 10 nm wavelength,” Appl. Opt. 54(18), 5850–5860 (2015).
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J. H. Underwood, E. M. Gullikson, M. Koike, and S. Mrowka, “Experimental comparison of mechanically ruled and holographically recorded plane varied-line spacing gratings,” Proc. SPIE 3150, 40–46 (1997).
[Crossref]

Guo, X.

Hansen, S. B.

J. Dunn, E. W. Magee, R. Shepherd, H. Chen, S. B. Hansen, S. J. Moon, G. V. Brown, M.-F. Gu, P. Beiersdorfer, and M. A. Purvis, “High resolution soft x-ray spectroscopy of low Z K-shell emission from laser-produced plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), E314 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harada, T.

Hasegawa, N.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hayashi, Y.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heske, C.

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hettrick, M. C.

Hussain, Z.

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Imazono, T.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, R. S.

Jones, M.

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kameshima, T.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kando, M.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kato, Y.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawachi, T.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawase, K.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimura, T.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kiriyama, H.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kita, T.

Koch, J. A.

J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, J. H. Underwood, P. J. Batson, and S. Mrowka, “Observation of Gain-Narrowing and Saturation Behavior in Se X-Ray Laser Line Profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(22), 3291–3294 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koga, J. K.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koike, M.

J. H. Underwood, E. M. Gullikson, M. Koike, and S. Mrowka, “Experimental comparison of mechanically ruled and holographically recorded plane varied-line spacing gratings,” Proc. SPIE 3150, 40–46 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kolachevsky, N. N.

N. N. Kolachevsky, A. S. Pirozhkov, and E. N. Ragozin, “Broadband X-ray optical elements based on aperiodic multilayer structures,” Quantum Electron. 30(5), 428–434 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kolesnikov, A. O.

E. N. Ragozin, A. A. Belokopytov, A. O. Kolesnikov, E. Muslimov, A. N. Shatokhin, and E. A. Vishnyakov, “Flat-field VLS spectrometers for laboratory applications,”',” Proc. SPIE 10235, 102350L (2017).
[Crossref]

Kondo, K.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kondratenko, V. V.

E. N. Ragozin, V. V. Kondratenko, V. E. Levashov, Yu. P. Pershin, and A. S. Pirozhkov, “Broadband normal-incidence aperiodic multilayer mirrors for soft X-ray dispersion spectroscopy: theory and implementation,” Proc. SPIE 4782, 176–184 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kotaki, H.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuroda, H.

Lepson, J. K.

P. Beiersdorfer, E. W. Magee, E. Träbert, H. Chen, J. K. Lepson, M.-F. Gu, and M. Schmidt, “Flat-field grating spectrometer for high-resolution soft x-ray and extreme ultraviolet measurements on an electron beam ion trap,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3723–3726 (2004).
[Crossref]

Levashov, V. E.

V. E. Levashov, K. N. Mednikov, A. S. Pirozhkov, and E. N. Ragozin, “Aperiodic X-ray multilayer mirrors and their application in plasma spectroscopy,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 75(11), 1819–1823 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. N. Ragozin, V. V. Kondratenko, V. E. Levashov, Yu. P. Pershin, and A. S. Pirozhkov, “Broadband normal-incidence aperiodic multilayer mirrors for soft X-ray dispersion spectroscopy: theory and implementation,” Proc. SPIE 4782, 176–184 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ma, J.

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

MacGowan, B. J.

J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, J. H. Underwood, P. J. Batson, and S. Mrowka, “Observation of Gain-Narrowing and Saturation Behavior in Se X-Ray Laser Line Profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(22), 3291–3294 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Magee, E. W.

J. Dunn, E. W. Magee, R. Shepherd, H. Chen, S. B. Hansen, S. J. Moon, G. V. Brown, M.-F. Gu, P. Beiersdorfer, and M. A. Purvis, “High resolution soft x-ray spectroscopy of low Z K-shell emission from laser-produced plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), E314 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Beiersdorfer, E. W. Magee, E. Träbert, H. Chen, J. K. Lepson, M.-F. Gu, and M. Schmidt, “Flat-field grating spectrometer for high-resolution soft x-ray and extreme ultraviolet measurements on an electron beam ion trap,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3723–3726 (2004).
[Crossref]

Malina, R. F.

Martin, C.

Matthews, D. L.

J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, J. H. Underwood, P. J. Batson, and S. Mrowka, “Observation of Gain-Narrowing and Saturation Behavior in Se X-Ray Laser Line Profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(22), 3291–3294 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McKenna, P.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
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O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
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Mednikov, K. N.

V. E. Levashov, K. N. Mednikov, A. S. Pirozhkov, and E. N. Ragozin, “Aperiodic X-ray multilayer mirrors and their application in plasma spectroscopy,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 75(11), 1819–1823 (2006).
[Crossref]

Miotti, P.

Moon, S. J.

J. Dunn, E. W. Magee, R. Shepherd, H. Chen, S. B. Hansen, S. J. Moon, G. V. Brown, M.-F. Gu, P. Beiersdorfer, and M. A. Purvis, “High resolution soft x-ray spectroscopy of low Z K-shell emission from laser-produced plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), E314 (2008).
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Mori, M.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
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M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
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Mrowka, S.

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J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, J. H. Underwood, P. J. Batson, and S. Mrowka, “Observation of Gain-Narrowing and Saturation Behavior in Se X-Ray Laser Line Profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(22), 3291–3294 (1992).
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Muslimov, E.

E. N. Ragozin, A. A. Belokopytov, A. O. Kolesnikov, E. Muslimov, A. N. Shatokhin, and E. A. Vishnyakov, “Flat-field VLS spectrometers for laboratory applications,”',” Proc. SPIE 10235, 102350L (2017).
[Crossref]

Nakano, N.

Neely, D.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
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D. Neely, D. Chambers, C. Danson, P. Norreys, S. Preston, F. Quinn, M. Roper, J. Wark, and M. Zepf, “A multi-channel soft X-ray flat-field spectrometer,” AIP Conf. Proc. 426, 479–484 (1998).
[Crossref]

Nelles, B.

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nicolosi, P.

Nishikino, M.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nishimori, N.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Norreys, P.

D. Neely, D. Chambers, C. Danson, P. Norreys, S. Preston, F. Quinn, M. Roper, J. Wark, and M. Zepf, “A multi-channel soft X-ray flat-field spectrometer,” AIP Conf. Proc. 426, 479–484 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ogura, K.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okada, H.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
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Padmore, H. A.

T. Warwick, Y.-D. Chuang, D. L. Voronov, and H. A. Padmore, “A multiplexed high-resolution imaging spectrometer for resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(4), 736–743 (2014).
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Pershin, Yu. P.

E. N. Ragozin, V. V. Kondratenko, V. E. Levashov, Yu. P. Pershin, and A. S. Pirozhkov, “Broadband normal-incidence aperiodic multilayer mirrors for soft X-ray dispersion spectroscopy: theory and implementation,” Proc. SPIE 4782, 176–184 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pikuz, T.

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pikuz, T. A.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pirozhkov, A. S.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov and E. N. Ragozin, “Aperiodic multilayer structures in soft X-ray optics,” Phys. Uspekhi 58(11), 1095–1105 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. E. Levashov, K. N. Mednikov, A. S. Pirozhkov, and E. N. Ragozin, “Aperiodic X-ray multilayer mirrors and their application in plasma spectroscopy,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 75(11), 1819–1823 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. N. Ragozin, V. V. Kondratenko, V. E. Levashov, Yu. P. Pershin, and A. S. Pirozhkov, “Broadband normal-incidence aperiodic multilayer mirrors for soft X-ray dispersion spectroscopy: theory and implementation,” Proc. SPIE 4782, 176–184 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. N. Kolachevsky, A. S. Pirozhkov, and E. N. Ragozin, “Broadband X-ray optical elements based on aperiodic multilayer structures,” Quantum Electron. 30(5), 428–434 (2000).
[Crossref]

Poletto, L.

Preston, S.

D. Neely, D. Chambers, C. Danson, P. Norreys, S. Preston, F. Quinn, M. Roper, J. Wark, and M. Zepf, “A multi-channel soft X-ray flat-field spectrometer,” AIP Conf. Proc. 426, 479–484 (1998).
[Crossref]

Purvis, M. A.

J. Dunn, E. W. Magee, R. Shepherd, H. Chen, S. B. Hansen, S. J. Moon, G. V. Brown, M.-F. Gu, P. Beiersdorfer, and M. A. Purvis, “High resolution soft x-ray spectroscopy of low Z K-shell emission from laser-produced plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), E314 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quinn, F.

D. Neely, D. Chambers, C. Danson, P. Norreys, S. Preston, F. Quinn, M. Roper, J. Wark, and M. Zepf, “A multi-channel soft X-ray flat-field spectrometer,” AIP Conf. Proc. 426, 479–484 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ragozin, E. N.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. N. Ragozin, A. A. Belokopytov, A. O. Kolesnikov, E. Muslimov, A. N. Shatokhin, and E. A. Vishnyakov, “Flat-field VLS spectrometers for laboratory applications,”',” Proc. SPIE 10235, 102350L (2017).
[Crossref]

A. S. Pirozhkov and E. N. Ragozin, “Aperiodic multilayer structures in soft X-ray optics,” Phys. Uspekhi 58(11), 1095–1105 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. A. Vishnyakov, A. N. Shatokhin, and E. N. Ragozin, “Conception of broadband stigmatic high-resolution spectrometers for the soft X-ray range,” Quantum Electron. 45(4), 371–376 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. E. Levashov, K. N. Mednikov, A. S. Pirozhkov, and E. N. Ragozin, “Aperiodic X-ray multilayer mirrors and their application in plasma spectroscopy,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 75(11), 1819–1823 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. N. Ragozin, V. V. Kondratenko, V. E. Levashov, Yu. P. Pershin, and A. S. Pirozhkov, “Broadband normal-incidence aperiodic multilayer mirrors for soft X-ray dispersion spectroscopy: theory and implementation,” Proc. SPIE 4782, 176–184 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. N. Kolachevsky, A. S. Pirozhkov, and E. N. Ragozin, “Broadband X-ray optical elements based on aperiodic multilayer structures,” Quantum Electron. 30(5), 428–434 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rajeev, P.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roper, M.

D. Neely, D. Chambers, C. Danson, P. Norreys, S. Preston, F. Quinn, M. Roper, J. Wark, and M. Zepf, “A multi-channel soft X-ray flat-field spectrometer,” AIP Conf. Proc. 426, 479–484 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sagisaka, A.

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, M.

P. Beiersdorfer, E. W. Magee, E. Träbert, H. Chen, J. K. Lepson, M.-F. Gu, and M. Schmidt, “Flat-field grating spectrometer for high-resolution soft x-ray and extreme ultraviolet measurements on an electron beam ion trap,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3723–3726 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shatokhin, A. N.

E. N. Ragozin, A. A. Belokopytov, A. O. Kolesnikov, E. Muslimov, A. N. Shatokhin, and E. A. Vishnyakov, “Flat-field VLS spectrometers for laboratory applications,”',” Proc. SPIE 10235, 102350L (2017).
[Crossref]

E. A. Vishnyakov, A. N. Shatokhin, and E. N. Ragozin, “Conception of broadband stigmatic high-resolution spectrometers for the soft X-ray range,” Quantum Electron. 45(4), 371–376 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shepherd, R.

J. Dunn, E. W. Magee, R. Shepherd, H. Chen, S. B. Hansen, S. J. Moon, G. V. Brown, M.-F. Gu, P. Beiersdorfer, and M. A. Purvis, “High resolution soft x-ray spectroscopy of low Z K-shell emission from laser-produced plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), E314 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Symes, D. R.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tajima, T.

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tondello, G.

Träbert, E.

P. Beiersdorfer, E. W. Magee, E. Träbert, H. Chen, J. K. Lepson, M.-F. Gu, and M. Schmidt, “Flat-field grating spectrometer for high-resolution soft x-ray and extreme ultraviolet measurements on an electron beam ion trap,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3723–3726 (2004).
[Crossref]

Umbach, E.

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Underwood, J. H.

J. H. Underwood, E. M. Gullikson, M. Koike, and S. Mrowka, “Experimental comparison of mechanically ruled and holographically recorded plane varied-line spacing gratings,” Proc. SPIE 3150, 40–46 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, J. H. Underwood, P. J. Batson, and S. Mrowka, “Observation of Gain-Narrowing and Saturation Behavior in Se X-Ray Laser Line Profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(22), 3291–3294 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Hettrick, J. H. Underwood, P. J. Batson, and M. J. Eckart, “Resolving power of 35,000 (5 mA) in the extreme ultraviolet employing a grazing incidence spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 27(2), 200–202 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Hettrick and J. H. Underwood, “Variedspace grazing incidence gratings in high resolution scanning spectrometers,” AIP Conf. Proc. 147, 237–245 (1986).
[Crossref]

Villoresi, P.

Vishnyakov, E. A.

E. N. Ragozin, A. A. Belokopytov, A. O. Kolesnikov, E. Muslimov, A. N. Shatokhin, and E. A. Vishnyakov, “Flat-field VLS spectrometers for laboratory applications,”',” Proc. SPIE 10235, 102350L (2017).
[Crossref]

E. A. Vishnyakov, A. N. Shatokhin, and E. N. Ragozin, “Conception of broadband stigmatic high-resolution spectrometers for the soft X-ray range,” Quantum Electron. 45(4), 371–376 (2015).
[Crossref]

Voronov, D. L.

T. Warwick, Y.-D. Chuang, D. L. Voronov, and H. A. Padmore, “A multiplexed high-resolution imaging spectrometer for resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(4), 736–743 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wark, J.

D. Neely, D. Chambers, C. Danson, P. Norreys, S. Preston, F. Quinn, M. Roper, J. Wark, and M. Zepf, “A multi-channel soft X-ray flat-field spectrometer,” AIP Conf. Proc. 426, 479–484 (1998).
[Crossref]

Warwick, T.

T. Warwick, Y.-D. Chuang, D. L. Voronov, and H. A. Padmore, “A multiplexed high-resolution imaging spectrometer for resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(4), 736–743 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weigand, M.

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weinhardt, L.

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Windt, D. L.

Xu, Z. Z.

Zepf, M.

D. Neely, D. Chambers, C. Danson, P. Norreys, S. Preston, F. Quinn, M. Roper, J. Wark, and M. Zepf, “A multi-channel soft X-ray flat-field spectrometer,” AIP Conf. Proc. 426, 479–484 (1998).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z. Q.

Zhou, J. Z.

AIP Conf. Proc. (2)

M. C. Hettrick and J. H. Underwood, “Variedspace grazing incidence gratings in high resolution scanning spectrometers,” AIP Conf. Proc. 147, 237–245 (1986).
[Crossref]

D. Neely, D. Chambers, C. Danson, P. Norreys, S. Preston, F. Quinn, M. Roper, J. Wark, and M. Zepf, “A multi-channel soft X-ray flat-field spectrometer,” AIP Conf. Proc. 426, 479–484 (1998).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (10)

L. Poletto, P. Nicolosi, and G. Tondello, “Optical design of a stigmatic extreme-ultraviolet spectroscopic system for emission and absorption studies of laser-produced plasmas,” Appl. Opt. 41(1), 172–181 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, G. Tondello, and P. Villoresi, “Optical design of a spectrometer-monochromator for the extreme-ultraviolet and soft-x-ray emission of high-order harmonics,” Appl. Opt. 42(31), 6367–6373 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and G. Tondello, “Grazing-incidence telescope-spectrograph for space solar-imaging spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 40(16), 2778–2787 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. L. Windt and E. M. Gullikson, “Pd/B4C/Y multilayer coatings for extreme ultraviolet applications near 10 nm wavelength,” Appl. Opt. 54(18), 5850–5860 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Hettrick, J. H. Underwood, P. J. Batson, and M. J. Eckart, “Resolving power of 35,000 (5 mA) in the extreme ultraviolet employing a grazing incidence spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 27(2), 200–202 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Hettrick and S. Bowyer, “Variable line-space gratings: new designs for use in grazing incidence spectrometers,” Appl. Opt. 22(24), 3921–3924 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Hettrick, S. Bowyer, R. F. Malina, C. Martin, and S. Mrowka, “Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 24(12), 1737–1756 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Harada and T. Kita, “Mechanically ruled aberration-corrected concave gratings,” Appl. Opt. 19(23), 3987–3993 (1980).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kita, T. Harada, N. Nakano, and H. Kuroda, “Mechanically ruled aberration-corrected concave gratings for a flat-field grazing-incidence spectrograph,” Appl. Opt. 22(4), 512–513 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Z. Fan, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, R. S. Jin, Z. Z. Xu, and X. Guo, “Stigmatic grazing-incidence flat-field grating spectrograph,” Appl. Opt. 31(31), 6720–6723 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Synchrotron Radiat. (1)

T. Warwick, Y.-D. Chuang, D. L. Voronov, and H. A. Padmore, “A multiplexed high-resolution imaging spectrometer for resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(4), 736–743 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

M. Kando, A. S. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Zh. Esirkepov, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, I. Daito, T. Kameshima, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, M. Mori, J. K. Koga, H. Daido, A. Ya. Faenov, T. Pikuz, J. Ma, L.-M. Chen, E. N. Ragozin, T. Kawachi, Y. Kato, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Enhancement of Photon Number Reflected by the Relativistic Flying Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(23), 235003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T. Zh. Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E. N. Ragozin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J. K. Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D. R. Symes, M. Mori, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N. Nishimori, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi, D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 135004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, J. H. Underwood, P. J. Batson, and S. Mrowka, “Observation of Gain-Narrowing and Saturation Behavior in Se X-Ray Laser Line Profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(22), 3291–3294 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Uspekhi (1)

A. S. Pirozhkov and E. N. Ragozin, “Aperiodic multilayer structures in soft X-ray optics,” Phys. Uspekhi 58(11), 1095–1105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (3)

E. N. Ragozin, V. V. Kondratenko, V. E. Levashov, Yu. P. Pershin, and A. S. Pirozhkov, “Broadband normal-incidence aperiodic multilayer mirrors for soft X-ray dispersion spectroscopy: theory and implementation,” Proc. SPIE 4782, 176–184 (2002).
[Crossref]

E. N. Ragozin, A. A. Belokopytov, A. O. Kolesnikov, E. Muslimov, A. N. Shatokhin, and E. A. Vishnyakov, “Flat-field VLS spectrometers for laboratory applications,”',” Proc. SPIE 10235, 102350L (2017).
[Crossref]

J. H. Underwood, E. M. Gullikson, M. Koike, and S. Mrowka, “Experimental comparison of mechanically ruled and holographically recorded plane varied-line spacing gratings,” Proc. SPIE 3150, 40–46 (1997).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (2)

E. A. Vishnyakov, A. N. Shatokhin, and E. N. Ragozin, “Conception of broadband stigmatic high-resolution spectrometers for the soft X-ray range,” Quantum Electron. 45(4), 371–376 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. N. Kolachevsky, A. S. Pirozhkov, and E. N. Ragozin, “Broadband X-ray optical elements based on aperiodic multilayer structures,” Quantum Electron. 30(5), 428–434 (2000).
[Crossref]

Radiat. Phys. Chem. (1)

V. E. Levashov, K. N. Mednikov, A. S. Pirozhkov, and E. N. Ragozin, “Aperiodic X-ray multilayer mirrors and their application in plasma spectroscopy,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 75(11), 1819–1823 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (3)

O. Fuchs, L. Weinhardt, M. Blum, M. Weigand, E. Umbach, M. Bär, C. Heske, J. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, W. McKinney, Z. Hussain, E. Gullikson, M. Jones, P. Batson, B. Nelles, and R. Follath, “High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(6), 063103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Beiersdorfer, E. W. Magee, E. Träbert, H. Chen, J. K. Lepson, M.-F. Gu, and M. Schmidt, “Flat-field grating spectrometer for high-resolution soft x-ray and extreme ultraviolet measurements on an electron beam ion trap,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10), 3723–3726 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Dunn, E. W. Magee, R. Shepherd, H. Chen, S. B. Hansen, S. J. Moon, G. V. Brown, M.-F. Gu, P. Beiersdorfer, and M. A. Purvis, “High resolution soft x-ray spectroscopy of low Z K-shell emission from laser-produced plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), E314 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

A. S. Pirozhkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, E. N. Ragozin, D. Neely, H. Kiriyama, J. K. Koga, Y. Fukuda, A. Sagisaka, M. Nishikino, T. Imazono, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, P. R. Bolton, H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Kondo, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Burst intensification by singularity emitting radiation in multi-stream flows,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 17968 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

E. A. Vishnyakov, A. O. Kolesnikov, E. N. Ragozin, and A. N. Shatokhin, “VLS gratings in soft X-ray spectroscopy and metrology,” Nanophysics and nanoelectronics (Proc. XIX Internat. Symp., 10–14 March 2015, Nizhnii Novgorod, Russia), Vol. 1, 366–367 (2015); http://nanosymp.ru/UserFiles/Symp/2015_v1.pdf .

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Compensation of astigmatism at a non-zero wavelength λ 1 in the incidence of a converging homocentric beam on a plane VLS grating (m is the order of diffraction). The vertical focal curve is a circle drawn about the grating center, its radius being equal to the distance between the converging-beam focus and the grating center (Ref [27], Fig. 1).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic of the imaging VLS spectrograph (not to scale). “Vertical focus” is a circle of radius L v drawn about the grating center and is the vertical focus of the image of the source at all wavelengths. “Horizontal focus” is the horizontal focus of the image of the entrance slit produced by the MM. “Spectral focus” is the spectral (horizontal) focal curve upon diffraction by the VLS grating, which intersects the “Vertical focus” at points λ 1 and λ 2 .
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Behavior of the vertical and horizontal (spectral) focal curves in the wavelength range of interest. Plotted on the abscissa is the distance to the VLS-grating center (in the former case). The straight lines show the paths of the diffracted central rays with different wavelengths. The two focal curves intersect at wavelengths λ 1 =144 Å and λ 2 =270Å. The range of practical stigmatism spans two octaves in wavelength, approximately from 90 to 360 Å.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The upper boxes of size 13 by 13 μm show the ray-trace spectral images of the source (140 Å, left box; 210 Å, right box) lying in the principal plane. The lower boxes of size 26 by 26 μm show the spectral images of the source (140 Å, left box; 210 Å, right box) spaced at 5 mm from the principal plane. The 140 Å wavelength is close to the best focusing point and the 210 Å wavelength is close to the point of maximum geometrical spectral defocusing. The rectangles show the halfwidths (FWHM) of the ray-trace images in the dispersion and vertical directions.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Layout of the spectrograph. Several auxiliary elements (blend, aperture stop) are removed.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Vertically space-resolved (stigmatic) spectrum of Mg plasma recorded in one laser shot. The target surface lies in the horizontal plane, which coincides with the principal (dispersion) plane of the instrument and gives rise to a sharp light–shadow boundary. The bracket at the left indicates a 0.5 mm vertical scale. The spatial resolution is equal to two detector pixels (26 μm), as evidenced by the sharp light–shadow boundary.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Stark-broadened Hβ line of C VI.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters of the imaging spectrograph

Equations (6)

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p(w)= p 0 + p 1 w+ p 2 w 2 + p 3 w 3 ,
L h sin 2 ψ sin 2 φ+m p 1 λ L h = L v ,
p 1 = 1 m λ 1 [ sin 2 φ L h + sin 2 ψ 1 L v ]= 1 m λ 2 [ sin 2 φ L h + sin 2 ψ 2 L v ].
mp(w) λ opt =cos[ arccot( cotφ w L h sinφ ) ]cos[ arccot( cotψ w L v sinψ ) ].
m λ opt p 2 = 3 2 ( sin 2 φcosφ L h 2 + sin 2 ψcosψ L v 2 ),
m λ opt p 3 = sin 2 φ L h 3 ( 2 cos 2 φ+ sin 2 φ 2 )+ sin 2 ψ L v 3 ( 2 cos 2 ψ sin 2 ψ 2 ).

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