Abstract

A coaxial multibeam passive coherent combination of lasers with improved beam quality is proposed and verified using cascaded Michelson-type cavities, in which 4f optical systems are used to compensate for the beam waist separation between the combined adjacent lasers. A proof-of-concept experiment shows that three 65 W Nd:YAG lasers with an M2 factor of about 5.5 were coherently combined into a 124.4 W single-lobed output improving the M2 factor to 1.36. The central lobe accounted for 76% of the total power, corresponding to a total combined efficiency of 66.7%.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Mans, “Laser Beam Sources,” in Tailored Light 2: Laser Application Technology, R. Poprawe, ed (Springer Science & Business Media, 2011), pp.155–172.
  2. J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. A. D. McAulay, Military laser technology for defense: technology for revolutionizing 21st century warfare, (John Wiley & Sons, 2011), pp.207–230 (2004).
  4. T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power high-radiance sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 567–577 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. R. Leger, “Lateral mode control of an AlGaAs laser array in a Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55(4), 334–336 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  6. P. Zhao, Q. Li, W. Guo, B. Liu, and T. Zuo, “In-phase output beam from broad-area diode array using Talbot cavity,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5(5), 284–285 (2007).
  7. K. Hirosawa, S. Kittaka, Y. Oishi, F. Kannari, and T. Yanagisawa, “Phase locking in a Nd:YVO4 waveguide laser array using Talbot cavity,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24952–24961 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. B. Liu, Y. Liu, and Y. Braiman, “Coherent beam combining of high power broad-area laser diode array with a closed-V-shape external Talbot cavity,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7361–7368 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. C. J. Corcoran and F. Durville, “Passive coherent combination of a diode laser array with 35 elements,” Opt. Express 22(7), 8420–8425 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. M. Tondusson, C. Froehly, V. Kermene, and M. Vampouille, “Coherent combination of four laser beams in a multi-axis Fourier cavity using a diffractive optical element,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3(6), 521–526 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  11. D. Sabourdy, V. Kermène, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthélémy, “Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a vernier-Michelson-type cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4–5), 503–507 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  12. G. Bloom, C. Larat, E. Lallier, M. Carras, and X. Marcadet, “Coherent combining of two quantum-cascade lasers in a Michelson cavity,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1917–1919 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. J. R. Leger, G. J. Swanson, and W. B. Veldkamp, “Coherent laser addition using binary phase gratings,” Appl. Opt. 26(20), 4391–4399 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. D. Paboeuf, F. Emaury, S. de Rossi, R. Mercier, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, “Coherent beam superposition of ten diode lasers with a Dammann grating,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1515–1517 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, M. A. Culpepper, D. Pilkington, J. Spring, D. J. Nelson, and C. A. Lu, “First experimental demonstration of self-synchronous phase locking of an optical array,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12015–12021 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. E. C. Cheung, J. G. Ho, G. D. Goodno, R. R. Rice, J. Rothenberg, P. Thielen, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, “Diffractive-optics-based beam combination of a phase-locked fiber laser array,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 354–356 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. S. M. Redmond, K. J. Creedon, J. E. Kansky, S. J. Augst, L. J. Missaggia, M. K. Connors, R. K. Huang, B. Chann, T. Y. Fan, G. W. Turner, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, “Active coherent beam combining of diode lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(6), 999–1001 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. M. Jiang, R. Su, Z. Zhang, Y. Ma, X. Wang, and P. Zhou, “Coherent beam combining of fiber lasers using a CDMA-based single-frequency dithering technique,” Appl. Opt. 56(15), 4255–4260 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. A. Ishaaya, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, and A. Friesem, “Coherent addition of spatially incoherent light beams,” Opt. Express 12(20), 4929–4934 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. M. Kienel, M. Müller, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Klenke, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Coherent beam combination of Yb:YAG single-crystal rod amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 39(11), 3278–3281 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. Q. Li, P. Zhao, and W. Guo, “Amplitude compensation of a diode laser array phase locked with a Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231120 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  22. G. D. Goodno, S. J. McNaught, J. E. Rothenberg, T. S. McComb, P. A. Thielen, M. G. Wickham, and M. E. Weber, “Active phase and polarization locking of a 1.4 kW fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1542–1544 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. C. X. Yu, S. J. Augst, S. M. Redmond, K. C. Goldizen, D. V. Murphy, A. Sanchez, and T. Y. Fan, “Coherent combining of a 4 kW, eight-element fiber amplifier array,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2686–2688 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. Q. Peng, Z. Sun, Y. Chen, L. Guo, Y. Bo, X. Yang, and Z. Xu, “Efficient improvement of laser beam quality by coherent combining in an improved Michelson cavity,” Opt. Lett. 30(12), 1485–1487 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. N. A. Chang and N. George, “Speckle in the 4F optical system,” Appl. Opt. 47(4), A13–A20 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. W. Gao, S. Zhao, F. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Zhou, and X. Lin, “Effect of defocus manner on laser cladding of Fe-based alloy powder,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 248(13), 54–62 (2014).
    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

2014 (3)

2013 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (4)

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ishaaya, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, and A. Friesem, “Coherent addition of spatially incoherent light beams,” Opt. Express 12(20), 4929–4934 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermène, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthélémy, “Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a vernier-Michelson-type cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4–5), 503–507 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

M. Tondusson, C. Froehly, V. Kermene, and M. Vampouille, “Coherent combination of four laser beams in a multi-axis Fourier cavity using a diffractive optical element,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3(6), 521–526 (2001).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

J. R. Leger, “Lateral mode control of an AlGaAs laser array in a Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55(4), 334–336 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

Augst, S. J.

Baker, J. T.

Barthélémy, A.

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermène, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthélémy, “Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a vernier-Michelson-type cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4–5), 503–507 (2002).
[Crossref]

Benham, V.

Bloom, G.

Bo, Y.

Braiman, Y.

Burgy, F.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carras, M.

Chang, N. A.

Chann, B.

Chen, Y.

Cheung, E. C.

Connors, M. K.

Corcoran, C. J.

Creedon, K. J.

Culpepper, M. A.

Davidson, N.

de Rossi, S.

Demmler, S.

Desfarges-Berthelemot, A.

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermène, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthélémy, “Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a vernier-Michelson-type cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4–5), 503–507 (2002).
[Crossref]

Durville, F.

Eidam, T.

Emaury, F.

Fan, T. Y.

Faure, J.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Friesem, A.

Froehly, C.

M. Tondusson, C. Froehly, V. Kermene, and M. Vampouille, “Coherent combination of four laser beams in a multi-axis Fourier cavity using a diffractive optical element,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3(6), 521–526 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gao, W.

W. Gao, S. Zhao, F. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Zhou, and X. Lin, “Effect of defocus manner on laser cladding of Fe-based alloy powder,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 248(13), 54–62 (2014).
[Crossref]

George, N.

Georges, P.

Glinec, Y.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goldizen, K. C.

Goodno, G. D.

Gordienko, S.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, L.

Guo, W.

P. Zhao, Q. Li, W. Guo, B. Liu, and T. Zuo, “In-phase output beam from broad-area diode array using Talbot cavity,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5(5), 284–285 (2007).

Q. Li, P. Zhao, and W. Guo, “Amplitude compensation of a diode laser array phase locked with a Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231120 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hirosawa, K.

Ho, J. G.

Huang, R. K.

Ishaaya, A.

Jiang, M.

Kannari, F.

Kansky, J. E.

Kermene, V.

M. Tondusson, C. Froehly, V. Kermene, and M. Vampouille, “Coherent combination of four laser beams in a multi-axis Fourier cavity using a diffractive optical element,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3(6), 521–526 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kermène, V.

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermène, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthélémy, “Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a vernier-Michelson-type cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4–5), 503–507 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kienel, M.

Kiselev, S.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kittaka, S.

Klenke, A.

Lallier, E.

Larat, C.

Lefebvre, E.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leger, J. R.

J. R. Leger, “Lateral mode control of an AlGaAs laser array in a Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55(4), 334–336 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. R. Leger, G. J. Swanson, and W. B. Veldkamp, “Coherent laser addition using binary phase gratings,” Appl. Opt. 26(20), 4391–4399 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

P. Zhao, Q. Li, W. Guo, B. Liu, and T. Zuo, “In-phase output beam from broad-area diode array using Talbot cavity,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5(5), 284–285 (2007).

Q. Li, P. Zhao, and W. Guo, “Amplitude compensation of a diode laser array phase locked with a Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231120 (2006).
[Crossref]

Limpert, J.

Lin, X.

W. Gao, S. Zhao, F. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Zhou, and X. Lin, “Effect of defocus manner on laser cladding of Fe-based alloy powder,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 248(13), 54–62 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, B.

Liu, F.

W. Gao, S. Zhao, F. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Zhou, and X. Lin, “Effect of defocus manner on laser cladding of Fe-based alloy powder,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 248(13), 54–62 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Lu, C. A.

Lucas-Leclin, G.

Ma, Y.

Malka, V.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marcadet, X.

McComb, T. S.

McNaught, S. J.

Mercier, R.

Missaggia, L. J.

Müller, M.

Murphy, D. V.

Nelson, D. J.

Oishi, Y.

Paboeuf, D.

Peng, Q.

Pilkington, D.

Pukhov, A.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Redmond, S. M.

Rice, R. R.

Rothenberg, J.

Rothenberg, J. E.

Rothhardt, J.

Rousseau, J. P.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sabourdy, D.

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermène, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthélémy, “Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a vernier-Michelson-type cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4–5), 503–507 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sanchez, A.

Sanchez, A. D.

Sanchez-Rubio, A.

Shay, T. M.

Shimshi, L.

Spring, J.

Su, R.

Sun, Z.

Swanson, G. J.

Thielen, P.

Thielen, P. A.

Tondusson, M.

M. Tondusson, C. Froehly, V. Kermene, and M. Vampouille, “Coherent combination of four laser beams in a multi-axis Fourier cavity using a diffractive optical element,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3(6), 521–526 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

Turner, G. W.

Vampouille, M.

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermène, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthélémy, “Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a vernier-Michelson-type cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4–5), 503–507 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Tondusson, C. Froehly, V. Kermene, and M. Vampouille, “Coherent combination of four laser beams in a multi-axis Fourier cavity using a diffractive optical element,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3(6), 521–526 (2001).
[Crossref]

Veldkamp, W. B.

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

W. Gao, S. Zhao, F. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Zhou, and X. Lin, “Effect of defocus manner on laser cladding of Fe-based alloy powder,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 248(13), 54–62 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ward, B.

Weber, M.

Weber, M. E.

Wickham, M.

Wickham, M. G.

Xu, Z.

Yanagisawa, T.

Yang, X.

Yu, C. X.

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, P.

P. Zhao, Q. Li, W. Guo, B. Liu, and T. Zuo, “In-phase output beam from broad-area diode array using Talbot cavity,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5(5), 284–285 (2007).

Q. Li, P. Zhao, and W. Guo, “Amplitude compensation of a diode laser array phase locked with a Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231120 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhao, S.

W. Gao, S. Zhao, F. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Zhou, and X. Lin, “Effect of defocus manner on laser cladding of Fe-based alloy powder,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 248(13), 54–62 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, C.

W. Gao, S. Zhao, F. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Zhou, and X. Lin, “Effect of defocus manner on laser cladding of Fe-based alloy powder,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 248(13), 54–62 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, P.

Zuo, T.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermène, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthélémy, “Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a vernier-Michelson-type cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4–5), 503–507 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. R. Leger, “Lateral mode control of an AlGaAs laser array in a Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55(4), 334–336 (1989).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, P. Zhao, and W. Guo, “Amplitude compensation of a diode laser array phase locked with a Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231120 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power high-radiance sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 567–577 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

M. Tondusson, C. Froehly, V. Kermene, and M. Vampouille, “Coherent combination of four laser beams in a multi-axis Fourier cavity using a diffractive optical element,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3(6), 521–526 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (8)

E. C. Cheung, J. G. Ho, G. D. Goodno, R. R. Rice, J. Rothenberg, P. Thielen, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, “Diffractive-optics-based beam combination of a phase-locked fiber laser array,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 354–356 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Redmond, K. J. Creedon, J. E. Kansky, S. J. Augst, L. J. Missaggia, M. K. Connors, R. K. Huang, B. Chann, T. Y. Fan, G. W. Turner, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, “Active coherent beam combining of diode lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(6), 999–1001 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kienel, M. Müller, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Klenke, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Coherent beam combination of Yb:YAG single-crystal rod amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 39(11), 3278–3281 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Bloom, C. Larat, E. Lallier, M. Carras, and X. Marcadet, “Coherent combining of two quantum-cascade lasers in a Michelson cavity,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1917–1919 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Paboeuf, F. Emaury, S. de Rossi, R. Mercier, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, “Coherent beam superposition of ten diode lasers with a Dammann grating,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1515–1517 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. D. Goodno, S. J. McNaught, J. E. Rothenberg, T. S. McComb, P. A. Thielen, M. G. Wickham, and M. E. Weber, “Active phase and polarization locking of a 1.4 kW fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1542–1544 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. X. Yu, S. J. Augst, S. M. Redmond, K. C. Goldizen, D. V. Murphy, A. Sanchez, and T. Y. Fan, “Coherent combining of a 4 kW, eight-element fiber amplifier array,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2686–2688 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Peng, Z. Sun, Y. Chen, L. Guo, Y. Bo, X. Yang, and Z. Xu, “Efficient improvement of laser beam quality by coherent combining in an improved Michelson cavity,” Opt. Lett. 30(12), 1485–1487 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Surf. Coat. Tech. (1)

W. Gao, S. Zhao, F. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Zhou, and X. Lin, “Effect of defocus manner on laser cladding of Fe-based alloy powder,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 248(13), 54–62 (2014).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

A. D. McAulay, Military laser technology for defense: technology for revolutionizing 21st century warfare, (John Wiley & Sons, 2011), pp.207–230 (2004).

T. Mans, “Laser Beam Sources,” in Tailored Light 2: Laser Application Technology, R. Poprawe, ed (Springer Science & Business Media, 2011), pp.155–172.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.