Abstract

The energy transfer processes between bismuth active centers (BACs) and Er3+ in Bi/Er codoped fiber (BEDF) are investigated and, with clear experimental evidence, observed for the first time. Under 980 nm pumping, we observed an energy transfer from Er3+ to BAC-Al in BEDF, evidenced by the enhanced NIR emission and lifetime when compared with a bismuth doped fiber (BDF). Under 830 nm pumping, the spectral performance of Er3+ in BEDF is found to benefit from BAC-Al→Er3+, evidenced by the notable increase in NIR emission, lifetime, and gain. The observations confirm that proper codoping of Er in Bi-doped fibers could introduce significant changes to emission through ET processes and provides a promising strategy for improving spectral performance over the 1000-1600 nm range.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2017 (2)

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, W. Wang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Enhanced broadband near-IR luminescence and gain spectra of bismuth/erbium co-doped fiber by 830 and 980 nm dual pumping,” AIP Adv. 7(4), 045012 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Firstov, K. Riumkin, A. Khegai, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, V. Khopin, F. Afanasiev, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Wideband bismuth-and erbium-codoped optical fiber amplifier for C+L+U-telecommunication band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(11), 110001 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “A 23-dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28939–28946 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Zareanborji, H. Yang, G. E. Town, Y. Luo, and G.-D. Peng, “Simple and accurate fluorescence lifetime measurement scheme using traditional time-domain spectroscopy and modern digital signal processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(21), 5033–5043 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (3)

2013 (1)

2011 (4)

2010 (4)

E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centres in glass,” Quantum Electron. 40(4), 283–285 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Orange-to-red emission from Bi2+ and alkaline aarth codoped strontium borate phosphors for white light emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(5), 1437–1442 (2010).

I. Razdobreev, H. El Hamzaoui, V. Y. Ivanov, E. F. Kustov, B. Capoen, and M. Bouazaoui, “Optical spectroscopy of bismuth-doped pure silica fiber preform,” Opt. Lett. 35(9), 1341–1343 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Nilsson, and J. Sahu, “Excited state absorption measurement in the 900-1250 nm wavelength range for bismuth-doped silicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 530–532 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, A. M. Mikhail, V. S. Aleksei, V. F. Sergei, V. F. Khopin, N. G. y. Aleksei, and A. B. Igor, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

E. M. Dianov, V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

W. J. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers at 1500 nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 234–250 (1991).
[Crossref]

Afanasiev, F.

S. Firstov, K. Riumkin, A. Khegai, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, V. Khopin, F. Afanasiev, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Wideband bismuth-and erbium-codoped optical fiber amplifier for C+L+U-telecommunication band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(11), 110001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Aleksei, N. G. y.

E. M. Dianov, A. M. Mikhail, V. S. Aleksei, V. F. Sergei, V. F. Khopin, N. G. y. Aleksei, and A. B. Igor, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aleksei, V. S.

E. M. Dianov, A. M. Mikhail, V. S. Aleksei, V. F. Sergei, V. F. Khopin, N. G. y. Aleksei, and A. B. Igor, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Alyshev, S.

Alyshev, S. V.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “A 23-dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28939–28946 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bigot, L.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bouazaoui, M.

Bufetov, I.

I. Bufetov, S. Firstov, V. Khopin, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Visible luminescence and upconversion processes in Bi-doped silica-based fibers pumped by IR radiation,” in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication, 1–2 (2008).

Bufetov, I. A.

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bufetova, G. A.

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bulatov, L. I.

Canning, J.

Capoen, B.

Chen, D.

Q. Sheng, X. Wang, and D. Chen, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and its origin in Yb/Bi co-doped borophosphate glasses and fibers,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 141, 9–13 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E.

S. Firstov, K. Riumkin, A. Khegai, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, V. Khopin, F. Afanasiev, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Wideband bismuth-and erbium-codoped optical fiber amplifier for C+L+U-telecommunication band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(11), 110001 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, V. Khopin, M. Melkumov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Photobleaching effect in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” Opt. Express 23(15), 19226–19233 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, K. Riumkin, A. Shubin, and E. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers for a spectral region of 1600-1800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 39(24), 6927–6930 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Bufetov, S. Firstov, V. Khopin, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Visible luminescence and upconversion processes in Bi-doped silica-based fibers pumped by IR radiation,” in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication, 1–2 (2008).

Dianov, E. M.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “A 23-dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28939–28946 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centres in glass,” Quantum Electron. 40(4), 283–285 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, A. M. Mikhail, V. S. Aleksei, V. F. Sergei, V. F. Khopin, N. G. y. Aleksei, and A. B. Igor, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dong, G.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Douay, M.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dvoyrin, V.

E. M. Dianov, V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

El Hamzaoui, H.

Firstov, S.

S. Firstov, K. Riumkin, A. Khegai, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, V. Khopin, F. Afanasiev, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Wideband bismuth-and erbium-codoped optical fiber amplifier for C+L+U-telecommunication band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(11), 110001 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, V. Khopin, M. Melkumov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Photobleaching effect in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” Opt. Express 23(15), 19226–19233 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, K. Riumkin, A. Shubin, and E. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers for a spectral region of 1600-1800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 39(24), 6927–6930 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Bufetov, S. Firstov, V. Khopin, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Visible luminescence and upconversion processes in Bi-doped silica-based fibers pumped by IR radiation,” in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication, 1–2 (2008).

Firstov, S. V.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “A 23-dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28939–28946 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[Crossref]

Firstova, E. G.

Gur’yanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guryanov, A.

S. Firstov, K. Riumkin, A. Khegai, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, V. Khopin, F. Afanasiev, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Wideband bismuth-and erbium-codoped optical fiber amplifier for C+L+U-telecommunication band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(11), 110001 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, V. Khopin, M. Melkumov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Photobleaching effect in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” Opt. Express 23(15), 19226–19233 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Bufetov, S. Firstov, V. Khopin, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Visible luminescence and upconversion processes in Bi-doped silica-based fibers pumped by IR radiation,” in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication, 1–2 (2008).

Guryanov, A. N.

Igor, A. B.

E. M. Dianov, A. M. Mikhail, V. S. Aleksei, V. F. Sergei, V. F. Khopin, N. G. y. Aleksei, and A. B. Igor, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Iskhakova, L. D.

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, V. Y.

Kalita, M. P.

Khegai, A.

S. Firstov, K. Riumkin, A. Khegai, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, V. Khopin, F. Afanasiev, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Wideband bismuth-and erbium-codoped optical fiber amplifier for C+L+U-telecommunication band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(11), 110001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Khopin, V.

S. Firstov, K. Riumkin, A. Khegai, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, V. Khopin, F. Afanasiev, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Wideband bismuth-and erbium-codoped optical fiber amplifier for C+L+U-telecommunication band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(11), 110001 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, V. Khopin, M. Melkumov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Photobleaching effect in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” Opt. Express 23(15), 19226–19233 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Bufetov, S. Firstov, V. Khopin, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Visible luminescence and upconversion processes in Bi-doped silica-based fibers pumped by IR radiation,” in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication, 1–2 (2008).

Khopin, V. F.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “A 23-dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28939–28946 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, A. M. Mikhail, V. S. Aleksei, V. F. Sergei, V. F. Khopin, N. G. y. Aleksei, and A. B. Igor, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kustov, E. F.

Lerouge, A.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[Crossref]

Levchenko, A. E.

Luo, Y.

Mashinsky, V. M.

Melkumov, M.

Melkumov, M. A.

Mikhail, A. M.

E. M. Dianov, A. M. Mikhail, V. S. Aleksei, V. F. Sergei, V. F. Khopin, N. G. y. Aleksei, and A. B. Igor, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Miniscalco, W. J.

W. J. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers at 1500 nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 234–250 (1991).
[Crossref]

Nilsson, J.

Peng, G. D.

Peng, G.-D.

Peng, M.

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Orange-to-red emission from Bi2+ and alkaline aarth codoped strontium borate phosphors for white light emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(5), 1437–1442 (2010).

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Qiu, J.

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Razdobreev, I.

I. Razdobreev, H. El Hamzaoui, V. Y. Ivanov, E. F. Kustov, B. Capoen, and M. Bouazaoui, “Optical spectroscopy of bismuth-doped pure silica fiber preform,” Opt. Lett. 35(9), 1341–1343 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[Crossref]

Riumkin, K.

S. Firstov, K. Riumkin, A. Khegai, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, V. Khopin, F. Afanasiev, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Wideband bismuth-and erbium-codoped optical fiber amplifier for C+L+U-telecommunication band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(11), 110001 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, K. Riumkin, A. Shubin, and E. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers for a spectral region of 1600-1800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 39(24), 6927–6930 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Riumkin, K. E.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “A 23-dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28939–28946 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sahu, J.

Sathi, Z. M.

Semenov, S. L.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sergei, V. F.

E. M. Dianov, A. M. Mikhail, V. S. Aleksei, V. F. Sergei, V. F. Khopin, N. G. y. Aleksei, and A. B. Igor, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sheng, Q.

Q. Sheng, X. Wang, and D. Chen, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and its origin in Yb/Bi co-doped borophosphate glasses and fibers,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 141, 9–13 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shubin, A.

Shubin, A. V.

Smirnov, A. M.

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sokolov, V. O.

Town, G. E.

Truong, V. G.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[Crossref]

Umnikov, A. A.

Varfolomeev, I. A.

Vechkanov, N. N.

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vel’miskin, V. V.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, W. Wang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Enhanced broadband near-IR luminescence and gain spectra of bismuth/erbium co-doped fiber by 830 and 980 nm dual pumping,” AIP Adv. 7(4), 045012 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Q. Sheng, X. Wang, and D. Chen, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and its origin in Yb/Bi co-doped borophosphate glasses and fibers,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 141, 9–13 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wondraczek, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Orange-to-red emission from Bi2+ and alkaline aarth codoped strontium borate phosphors for white light emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(5), 1437–1442 (2010).

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, H.

Yang, Z.

Yashkov, M. V.

Yoo, S.

Zareanborji, A.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, N.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

Zhao, Q.

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, W. Wang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Enhanced broadband near-IR luminescence and gain spectra of bismuth/erbium co-doped fiber by 830 and 980 nm dual pumping,” AIP Adv. 7(4), 045012 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zollfrank, C.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

AIP Adv. (1)

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, W. Wang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Enhanced broadband near-IR luminescence and gain spectra of bismuth/erbium co-doped fiber by 830 and 980 nm dual pumping,” AIP Adv. 7(4), 045012 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Orange-to-red emission from Bi2+ and alkaline aarth codoped strontium borate phosphors for white light emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(5), 1437–1442 (2010).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (1)

Q. Sheng, X. Wang, and D. Chen, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and its origin in Yb/Bi co-doped borophosphate glasses and fibers,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 141, 9–13 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (3)

S. Firstov, K. Riumkin, A. Khegai, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, V. Khopin, F. Afanasiev, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Wideband bismuth-and erbium-codoped optical fiber amplifier for C+L+U-telecommunication band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(11), 110001 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (7)

S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, K. Riumkin, A. Shubin, and E. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers for a spectral region of 1600-1800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 39(24), 6927–6930 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Razdobreev, H. El Hamzaoui, V. Y. Ivanov, E. F. Kustov, B. Capoen, and M. Bouazaoui, “Optical spectroscopy of bismuth-doped pure silica fiber preform,” Opt. Lett. 35(9), 1341–1343 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Nilsson, and J. Sahu, “Excited state absorption measurement in the 900-1250 nm wavelength range for bismuth-doped silicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 530–532 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Quantum Electron. (4)

E. M. Dianov, V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, A. M. Mikhail, V. S. Aleksei, V. F. Sergei, V. F. Khopin, N. G. y. Aleksei, and A. B. Igor, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centres in glass,” Quantum Electron. 40(4), 283–285 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “A 23-dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28939–28946 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (4)

Q. Zhao, “Absorpion, emission, lifetime spectra,” figshare (2018). https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.6552902 .

T. Haruna, M. Kakui, T. Taru, S. Ishikawa, and M. Onishi, “Silica-based Bismuth-doped Fiber for ultra broad band light source and optical amplification around at 1.1 mm,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, MC3, (2005).

Y. Luo, B. Yan, A. Zareanborji, M. Ding, C. Wang, J. Wen, X. Sang, and G.-D. Peng, “Blue up-conversion and near infrared (NIR) emission of Bi/Er co-doped fibre (BEDF) under 830 nm pumping,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 1–2 (2016).

I. Bufetov, S. Firstov, V. Khopin, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Visible luminescence and upconversion processes in Bi-doped silica-based fibers pumped by IR radiation,” in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication, 1–2 (2008).

Supplementary Material (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Absorption spectra of BEDF, BDF and EDF, the unsaturable loss for BEDF as a function of wavelength is shown in the inset. See Data File 1 for underlying values. (b) Emission spectra for BEDF, BDF and EDF upon excitation at 830 nm with pump power (P = 30 mW), the Gaussian decomposition of BEDF’s emission spectrum is indicated in the inset (b).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Luminescence spectra in the range of 1000-1600 nm for BEDF, BDF and EDF under 980 nm pumping at P = 103 mW, the inset shows the Gaussian decomposition of emission spectra for BEDF. (b) Dependences of BAC-Al’s emission intensity on the input power for BEDF and BDF, the emission of Er3+ at 1530 nm versus input power for BEDF and EDF. See Data File 1 for detailed values.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Fluorescence decay curves for BEDF, BDF and EDF under 830 nm pumping. Inset: the decay curves at 1536 nm for both BEDF and EDF. (b) Fluorescence decay curves in the vicinity of 1180 nm (BAC-Al) for BEDF and BDF under 980 nm pumping. Inset: fluorescence lifetime for Er3+ at 1536 nm between EDF and BEDF. See Data File 1 for detailed values.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 On/off gain and ESA spectra in the range of 1000-1600 nm for BEDF, BDF and EDF under (a) 830 nm pumping (P ~40 mW) and (b) 980 nm pumping (P ~103 mW).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Visible upconversion spectra for BEDF, BDF and EDF upon (a) 830 nm pumping (P ~40 mW) and (b) 980 nm pumping (P ~100 mW), the images for visible luminescence of the three samples are inserted corresponding to 830 and 980 nm pumping, respectively. See Data File 1 for detailed values.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Energy level diagrams between BAC-Al and Er3+ in terms of dominant energy transfer process depending on (a) 830 nm pumping and (b) 980 nm pumping.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Optical Characteristics of Bi/Er doped fibers