Abstract

An efficient method to implement the coarse integral holographic (CIH) concept for dynamic CIH displays is to scan the information generated from a spatial light modulator (SLM) of a low space bandwidth product (SBP) but high bandwidth to form the hologram array for the integral optics. Previously, just over half of the SLMs bandwidth was utilized due to the fact that the galvanometer scanner in use could not tile all the holograms that the SLM is capable to produce, resulting in the loss of nearly half of the field of view (FOV). Here, we propose a full bandwidth dynamic CIH display using a large resonant scanner in conjunction with a hybrid raster scanner, which can utilize the full bandwidth of the spatial light modulator and double the horizontal FOV. Experimental results confirm that with the SLM and scanners as used, the FOV can reach 48° when the SLM reaches its full bandwidth. This approach can be used for future scalable and tileable CIH display systems.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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M. Wei, F. Xing, and Z. You, “A real-time detection and positioning method for small and weak targets using a 1D morphology-based approach in 2D images,” Light Sci. Appl. 7, el8006 (2018).

S. Zhang, F. Xing, T. Sun, Z. You, and M. Wei, “Novel approach to improve the attitude update rate of a star tracker,” Opt. Express 26(5), 5164–5181 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (2)

J. S. Chen, Q. Y. J. Smithwick, J. Li, and D. Chu, “Auxiliary Resonant Scanner to Increase the Scanning Capability for Coarse Integral Holographic Displays,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15(4), 040901 (2017).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (5)

2015 (7)

G. Li, J. Jeong, D. Lee, J. Yeom, C. Jang, S. Lee, and B. Lee, “Space bandwidth product enhancement of holographic display using high-order diffraction guided by holographic optical element,” Opt. Express 23(26), 33170–33183 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kakue, T. Nishitsuji, T. Kawashima, K. Suzuki, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Aerial projection of three-dimensional motion pictures by electro-holography and parabolic mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6177 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, E. Stoykova, H. Kang, S. Hong, J. Park, J. Park, and J. Hong, “Seamless full color holographic printing method based on spatial partitioning of SLM,” Opt. Express 23(1), 172–182 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, Y. Zhao, L. Cao, and G. Jin, “Fully computed holographic stereogram based algorithm for computer-generated holograms with accurate depth cues,” Opt. Express 23(4), 3901–3913 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Chen and D. P. Chu, “Improved layer-based method for rapid hologram generation and real-time interactive holographic display applications,” Opt. Express 23(14), 18143–18155 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, L. Cao, H. Zhang, D. Kong, and G. Jin, “Accurate calculation of computer-generated holograms using angular-spectrum layer-oriented method,” Opt. Express 23(20), 25440–25449 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

J. S. Chen, D. Chu, and Q. Smithwick, “Rapid hologram generation utilizing layer-based approach and graphic rendering for realistic three-dimensional image reconstruction by angular tiling,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(2), 023016 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

J. S. Chen, Q. Smithwick, and D. Chu, “Implementation of shading effect for reconstruction of smooth layer-based 3D holographic images,” Proc. SPIE 8648, 86480R (2013).
[Crossref]

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. J. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. M. Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE 8644, 864409 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Xia, X. Liu, H. Li, Z. Zheng, H. Wang, Y. Peng, and W. Shen, “A 360-degree floating 3D display based on light field regeneration,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11237–11247 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Ichikawa, T. Yoneyama, and Y. Sakamoto, “CGH calculation with the ray tracing method for the Fourier transform optical system,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32019–32031 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

H. Zhang, N. Collings, J. Chen, B. Crossland, D. Chu, and J. Xie, “Full parallax three-dimensional display with occlusion effect using computer generated hologram,” Opt. Eng. 50(7), 074003 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

M. T. Gruneisen, W. A. Miller, R. C. Dymale, and A. M. Sweiti, “Holographic generation of complex fields with spatial light modulators: application to quantum key distribution,” Appl. Opt. 47(4), A32–A42 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

L. Wu, R. W. Luo, and X. W. Chen, “Research on Realization of Dynamic Interaction by VRML and 3DS MAX,” Computer Simulation 1, 054 (2007).

2006 (2)

L. Ahrenberg, P. Benzie, M. Magnor, and J. Watson, “Computer generated holography using parallel commodity graphics hardware,” Opt. Express 14(17), 7636–7641 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Ataman and H. Urey, “Modeling and characterization of comb-actuated resonant microscanners,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 16(1), 9–16 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

F. Filhol, E. Defay, C. Divoux, C. Zinck, and M. T. Delaye, “Resonant micro-mirror excited by a thin-film piezoelectric actuator for fast optical beam scanning,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 123, 483–489 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, W. S. Christopher, and A. Wood, “3 D electronic holography display system using a 100-megapixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 297–308 (2004).
[Crossref]

W. Matusik and H. Pfister, “3D TV: a scalable system for real-time acquisition, transmission, and autostereoscopic display of dynamic scenes,” ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 814–824 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

R. P. Aylward, “Advanced galvanometer-based optical scanner design,” Sens. Rev. 23(3), 216–222 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Huebschman, B. Munjuluri, and H. Garner, “Dynamic holographic 3-D image projection,” Opt. Express 11(5), 437–445 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

V. Westphal, S. Yazdanfar, A. M. Rollins, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time, high velocity-resolution color Doppler optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 27(1), 34–36 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Schnars and W. P. Jüptner, “Digital recording and numerical reconstruction of holograms,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13(9), R85–R101 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Urey, “Torsional MEMS scanner design for high-resolution display systems,” Proc. SPIE 4773, 27–37 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (3)

R. P. Aylward, “Advances and technologies of galvanometer-based optical scanners,” Proc. SPIE 3787, 158–164 (1999).
[Crossref]

I. Tuchman, “Laser scanning and chopping methods using mechanical resonant devices,” Proc. SPIE 3787, 165–172 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. Wagner, S. Seebacher, W. Osten, and W. Jüptner, “Digital recording and numerical reconstruction of lensless fourier holograms in optical metrology,” Appl. Opt. 38(22), 4812–4820 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

S. Pastoor and M. Wöpking, “3-D displays: A review of current technologies,” Displays 17(2), 100–110 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ahrenberg, L.

Ataman, C.

C. Ataman and H. Urey, “Modeling and characterization of comb-actuated resonant microscanners,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 16(1), 9–16 (2006).
[Crossref]

Aylward, R. P.

R. P. Aylward, “Advanced galvanometer-based optical scanner design,” Sens. Rev. 23(3), 216–222 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. P. Aylward, “Advances and technologies of galvanometer-based optical scanners,” Proc. SPIE 3787, 158–164 (1999).
[Crossref]

Barabas, J.

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. J. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benzie, P.

Blanche, P. A.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bove, V. M.

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. J. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cameron, C. D.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, W. S. Christopher, and A. Wood, “3 D electronic holography display system using a 100-megapixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 297–308 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cao, L.

Chen, J.

J. Jia, J. Chen, J. Yao, and D. Chu, “A scalable diffraction-based scanning 3D colour video display as demonstrated by using tiled gratings and a vertical diffuser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44656 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, N. Collings, J. Chen, B. Crossland, D. Chu, and J. Xie, “Full parallax three-dimensional display with occlusion effect using computer generated hologram,” Opt. Eng. 50(7), 074003 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Smithwick, J. Chen, and D. Chu, “A Coarse Integral Holographic Display,” in SID International Symposium44(1), 310–313(2013).

Chen, J. S.

Chen, X. W.

L. Wu, R. W. Luo, and X. W. Chen, “Research on Realization of Dynamic Interaction by VRML and 3DS MAX,” Computer Simulation 1, 054 (2007).

Chong, T. C.

Christopher, W. S.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, W. S. Christopher, and A. Wood, “3 D electronic holography display system using a 100-megapixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 297–308 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chu, D.

J. Jia, J. Chen, J. Yao, and D. Chu, “A scalable diffraction-based scanning 3D colour video display as demonstrated by using tiled gratings and a vertical diffuser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44656 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Chen, Q. Y. J. Smithwick, J. Li, and D. Chu, “Auxiliary Resonant Scanner to Increase the Scanning Capability for Coarse Integral Holographic Displays,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15(4), 040901 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. S. Chen and D. Chu, “Realization of real-time interactive 3D image holographic display,” Appl. Opt. 55(3), A127–A134 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Chen, D. Chu, and Q. Smithwick, “Rapid hologram generation utilizing layer-based approach and graphic rendering for realistic three-dimensional image reconstruction by angular tiling,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(2), 023016 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. S. Chen, Q. Smithwick, and D. Chu, “Implementation of shading effect for reconstruction of smooth layer-based 3D holographic images,” Proc. SPIE 8648, 86480R (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, N. Collings, J. Chen, B. Crossland, D. Chu, and J. Xie, “Full parallax three-dimensional display with occlusion effect using computer generated hologram,” Opt. Eng. 50(7), 074003 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Smithwick, J. Chen, and D. Chu, “A Coarse Integral Holographic Display,” in SID International Symposium44(1), 310–313(2013).

Chu, D. P.

Collings, N.

H. Zhang, N. Collings, J. Chen, B. Crossland, D. Chu, and J. Xie, “Full parallax three-dimensional display with occlusion effect using computer generated hologram,” Opt. Eng. 50(7), 074003 (2011).
[Crossref]

Coomber, S. D.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, W. S. Christopher, and A. Wood, “3 D electronic holography display system using a 100-megapixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 297–308 (2004).
[Crossref]

Crossland, B.

H. Zhang, N. Collings, J. Chen, B. Crossland, D. Chu, and J. Xie, “Full parallax three-dimensional display with occlusion effect using computer generated hologram,” Opt. Eng. 50(7), 074003 (2011).
[Crossref]

Defay, E.

F. Filhol, E. Defay, C. Divoux, C. Zinck, and M. T. Delaye, “Resonant micro-mirror excited by a thin-film piezoelectric actuator for fast optical beam scanning,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 123, 483–489 (2005).
[Crossref]

Delaye, M. T.

F. Filhol, E. Defay, C. Divoux, C. Zinck, and M. T. Delaye, “Resonant micro-mirror excited by a thin-film piezoelectric actuator for fast optical beam scanning,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 123, 483–489 (2005).
[Crossref]

Divoux, C.

F. Filhol, E. Defay, C. Divoux, C. Zinck, and M. T. Delaye, “Resonant micro-mirror excited by a thin-film piezoelectric actuator for fast optical beam scanning,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 123, 483–489 (2005).
[Crossref]

Duma, V. F.

V. F. Duma, “Optimal scanning function of a galvanometer scanner for an increased duty cycle,” Opt. Eng. 49(10), 103001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dymale, R. C.

Filhol, F.

F. Filhol, E. Defay, C. Divoux, C. Zinck, and M. T. Delaye, “Resonant micro-mirror excited by a thin-film piezoelectric actuator for fast optical beam scanning,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 123, 483–489 (2005).
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Flores, D.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fukushima, S.

D. Matsuka, S. Fukushima, and M. Iwasaki, “Compensation for torque fluctuation caused by temperature change in fast and precise positioning of galvanometer scanners,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics (ICM) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 642–647.
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Garner, H.

Gitano-Briggs, H.

L. K. Koay, M. M. Ratnam, and H. Gitano-Briggs, “An Investigation on the Damping Characteristics of a Linear Optical Scanner,” Exp. Tech. 40(1), 271–284 (2016).
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Gruneisen, M. T.

Gu, T.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
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Hong, J.

Hong, S.

Huebschman, M.

Ichihashi, Y.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6177 (2015).
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Ichikawa, T.

Inomata, N.

J. Kim, Y. Kawai, N. Inomata, and T. Ono, “Parametrically driven resonant micro-mirror scanner with tunable springs,” in Proceedings of IEEE 26th International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) (IEEE, 2013), pp. 580–583.
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Ito, T.

T. Kakue, T. Nishitsuji, T. Kawashima, K. Suzuki, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Aerial projection of three-dimensional motion pictures by electro-holography and parabolic mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Shimobaba, H. Nakayama, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “Rapid calculation algorithm of Fresnel computer-generated-hologram using look-up table and wavefront-recording plane methods for three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 18(19), 19504–19509 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iwasaki, M.

D. Matsuka, S. Fukushima, and M. Iwasaki, “Compensation for torque fluctuation caused by temperature change in fast and precise positioning of galvanometer scanners,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics (ICM) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 642–647.
[Crossref]

Izatt, J. A.

Jang, C.

Jeong, J.

Jia, J.

J. Jia, J. Chen, J. Yao, and D. Chu, “A scalable diffraction-based scanning 3D colour video display as demonstrated by using tiled gratings and a vertical diffuser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44656 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, G.

Jolly, S.

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. J. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jüptner, W.

Jüptner, W. P.

U. Schnars and W. P. Jüptner, “Digital recording and numerical reconstruction of holograms,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13(9), R85–R101 (2002).
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Kakue, T.

T. Kakue, T. Nishitsuji, T. Kawashima, K. Suzuki, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Aerial projection of three-dimensional motion pictures by electro-holography and parabolic mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11750 (2015).
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Kang, H.

Kawai, Y.

J. Kim, Y. Kawai, N. Inomata, and T. Ono, “Parametrically driven resonant micro-mirror scanner with tunable springs,” in Proceedings of IEEE 26th International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) (IEEE, 2013), pp. 580–583.
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Kawashima, T.

T. Kakue, T. Nishitsuji, T. Kawashima, K. Suzuki, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Aerial projection of three-dimensional motion pictures by electro-holography and parabolic mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11750 (2015).
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Kim, J.

J. Kim, Y. Kawai, N. Inomata, and T. Ono, “Parametrically driven resonant micro-mirror scanner with tunable springs,” in Proceedings of IEEE 26th International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) (IEEE, 2013), pp. 580–583.
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Kim, Y.

Koay, L. K.

L. K. Koay, M. M. Ratnam, and H. Gitano-Briggs, “An Investigation on the Damping Characteristics of a Linear Optical Scanner,” Exp. Tech. 40(1), 271–284 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. K. Koay and N. A. A. Rahim, “Reviews: Torsional spring mechanism resonant scanner’s technology,” Journal of Mechanical Science & Technology 30(4), 1781–1798 (2016).
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Kong, D.

Lee, B.

Lee, D.

Lee, S.

Li, G.

G. Li, J. Jeong, D. Lee, J. Yeom, C. Jang, S. Lee, and B. Lee, “Space bandwidth product enhancement of holographic display using high-order diffraction guided by holographic optical element,” Opt. Express 23(26), 33170–33183 (2015).
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Li, H.

Li, J.

Liang, X.

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. M. Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE 8644, 864409 (2013).
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Y. Pan, X. Xu, S. Solanki, X. Liang, R. B. A. Tanjung, C. Tan, and T. C. Chong, “Fast cgh computation using s-lut on gpu,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18543–18555 (2009).
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Lin, W.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
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Liu, X.

Lum, Z. A.

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. M. Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE 8644, 864409 (2013).
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L. Wu, R. W. Luo, and X. W. Chen, “Research on Realization of Dynamic Interaction by VRML and 3DS MAX,” Computer Simulation 1, 054 (2007).

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X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. M. Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE 8644, 864409 (2013).
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Masuda, N.

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D. Matsuka, S. Fukushima, and M. Iwasaki, “Compensation for torque fluctuation caused by temperature change in fast and precise positioning of galvanometer scanners,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics (ICM) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 642–647.
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T. Kakue, T. Nishitsuji, T. Kawashima, K. Suzuki, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Aerial projection of three-dimensional motion pictures by electro-holography and parabolic mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11750 (2015).
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Norwood, R. A.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
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H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6177 (2015).
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Ono, T.

J. Kim, Y. Kawai, N. Inomata, and T. Ono, “Parametrically driven resonant micro-mirror scanner with tunable springs,” in Proceedings of IEEE 26th International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) (IEEE, 2013), pp. 580–583.
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Pan, Y.

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. M. Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE 8644, 864409 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Pan, X. Xu, S. Solanki, X. Liang, R. B. A. Tanjung, C. Tan, and T. C. Chong, “Fast cgh computation using s-lut on gpu,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18543–18555 (2009).
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Pastoor, S.

S. Pastoor and M. Wöpking, “3-D displays: A review of current technologies,” Displays 17(2), 100–110 (1997).
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Peyghambarian, N.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
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Pfister, H.

W. Matusik and H. Pfister, “3D TV: a scalable system for real-time acquisition, transmission, and autostereoscopic display of dynamic scenes,” ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 814–824 (2004).
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Rahim, N. A. A.

L. K. Koay and N. A. A. Rahim, “Reviews: Torsional spring mechanism resonant scanner’s technology,” Journal of Mechanical Science & Technology 30(4), 1781–1798 (2016).
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Ratnam, M. M.

L. K. Koay, M. M. Ratnam, and H. Gitano-Briggs, “An Investigation on the Damping Characteristics of a Linear Optical Scanner,” Exp. Tech. 40(1), 271–284 (2016).
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Rokutanda, S.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
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Rollins, A. M.

Sakamoto, Y.

Sasaki, H.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6177 (2015).
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U. Schnars and W. P. Jüptner, “Digital recording and numerical reconstruction of holograms,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13(9), R85–R101 (2002).
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Seebacher, S.

Senoh, T.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6177 (2015).
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Shen, W.

Shimobaba, T.

T. Kakue, T. Nishitsuji, T. Kawashima, K. Suzuki, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Aerial projection of three-dimensional motion pictures by electro-holography and parabolic mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11750 (2015).
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T. Shimobaba, H. Nakayama, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “Rapid calculation algorithm of Fresnel computer-generated-hologram using look-up table and wavefront-recording plane methods for three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 18(19), 19504–19509 (2010).
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Smalley, D. E.

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. J. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
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Smith, A. P.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, W. S. Christopher, and A. Wood, “3 D electronic holography display system using a 100-megapixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 297–308 (2004).
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Smith, M. A.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, W. S. Christopher, and A. Wood, “3 D electronic holography display system using a 100-megapixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 297–308 (2004).
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Smithwick, Q.

J. S. Chen, D. Chu, and Q. Smithwick, “Rapid hologram generation utilizing layer-based approach and graphic rendering for realistic three-dimensional image reconstruction by angular tiling,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(2), 023016 (2014).
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J. S. Chen, Q. Smithwick, and D. Chu, “Implementation of shading effect for reconstruction of smooth layer-based 3D holographic images,” Proc. SPIE 8648, 86480R (2013).
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Q. Smithwick, J. Chen, and D. Chu, “A Coarse Integral Holographic Display,” in SID International Symposium44(1), 310–313(2013).

Smithwick, Q. Y. J.

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X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. M. Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE 8644, 864409 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Pan, X. Xu, S. Solanki, X. Liang, R. B. A. Tanjung, C. Tan, and T. C. Chong, “Fast cgh computation using s-lut on gpu,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18543–18555 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

St Hilaire, P.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
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Stanley, M.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, W. S. Christopher, and A. Wood, “3 D electronic holography display system using a 100-megapixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 297–308 (2004).
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Stoykova, E.

Sun, T.

Suzuki, K.

T. Kakue, T. Nishitsuji, T. Kawashima, K. Suzuki, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Aerial projection of three-dimensional motion pictures by electro-holography and parabolic mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11750 (2015).
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Takaki, Y.

Tan, C.

Tan, W.

Tanjung, R. B. A.

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S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
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Thomas, J.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
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S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
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Urey, H.

C. Ataman and H. Urey, “Modeling and characterization of comb-actuated resonant microscanners,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 16(1), 9–16 (2006).
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H. Urey, “Torsional MEMS scanner design for high-resolution display systems,” Proc. SPIE 4773, 27–37 (2002).
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Voorakaranam, R.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
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Wagner, C.

Wakunami, K.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6177 (2015).
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Wang, H.

Wang, P.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
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Wang, Z.

Watson, J.

Watson, P. J.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, W. S. Christopher, and A. Wood, “3 D electronic holography display system using a 100-megapixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 297–308 (2004).
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Wei, M.

M. Wei, F. Xing, and Z. You, “A real-time detection and positioning method for small and weak targets using a 1D morphology-based approach in 2D images,” Light Sci. Appl. 7, el8006 (2018).

S. Zhang, F. Xing, T. Sun, Z. You, and M. Wei, “Novel approach to improve the attitude update rate of a star tracker,” Opt. Express 26(5), 5164–5181 (2018).
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Wood, A.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, W. S. Christopher, and A. Wood, “3 D electronic holography display system using a 100-megapixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 297–308 (2004).
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S. Pastoor and M. Wöpking, “3-D displays: A review of current technologies,” Displays 17(2), 100–110 (1997).
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L. Wu, R. W. Luo, and X. W. Chen, “Research on Realization of Dynamic Interaction by VRML and 3DS MAX,” Computer Simulation 1, 054 (2007).

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Xie, J.

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M. Wei, F. Xing, and Z. You, “A real-time detection and positioning method for small and weak targets using a 1D morphology-based approach in 2D images,” Light Sci. Appl. 7, el8006 (2018).

S. Zhang, F. Xing, T. Sun, Z. You, and M. Wei, “Novel approach to improve the attitude update rate of a star tracker,” Opt. Express 26(5), 5164–5181 (2018).
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X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. M. Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE 8644, 864409 (2013).
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Y. Pan, X. Xu, S. Solanki, X. Liang, R. B. A. Tanjung, C. Tan, and T. C. Chong, “Fast cgh computation using s-lut on gpu,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18543–18555 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, K.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6177 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Q.

Yao, J.

J. Jia, J. Chen, J. Yao, and D. Chu, “A scalable diffraction-based scanning 3D colour video display as demonstrated by using tiled gratings and a vertical diffuser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44656 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yazdanfar, S.

Yeom, J.

Yoneyama, T.

You, Z.

S. Zhang, F. Xing, T. Sun, Z. You, and M. Wei, “Novel approach to improve the attitude update rate of a star tracker,” Opt. Express 26(5), 5164–5181 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Wei, F. Xing, and Z. You, “A real-time detection and positioning method for small and weak targets using a 1D morphology-based approach in 2D images,” Light Sci. Appl. 7, el8006 (2018).

Zhang, H.

Zhang, S.

Zhao, Y.

Zheng, R.

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. M. Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE 8644, 864409 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Z.

Zinck, C.

F. Filhol, E. Defay, C. Divoux, C. Zinck, and M. T. Delaye, “Resonant micro-mirror excited by a thin-film piezoelectric actuator for fast optical beam scanning,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 123, 483–489 (2005).
[Crossref]

ACM Trans. Graph. (1)

W. Matusik and H. Pfister, “3D TV: a scalable system for real-time acquisition, transmission, and autostereoscopic display of dynamic scenes,” ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 814–824 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

Computer Simulation (1)

L. Wu, R. W. Luo, and X. W. Chen, “Research on Realization of Dynamic Interaction by VRML and 3DS MAX,” Computer Simulation 1, 054 (2007).

Displays (1)

S. Pastoor and M. Wöpking, “3-D displays: A review of current technologies,” Displays 17(2), 100–110 (1997).
[Crossref]

Exp. Tech. (1)

L. K. Koay, M. M. Ratnam, and H. Gitano-Briggs, “An Investigation on the Damping Characteristics of a Linear Optical Scanner,” Exp. Tech. 40(1), 271–284 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Electron. Imaging (1)

J. S. Chen, D. Chu, and Q. Smithwick, “Rapid hologram generation utilizing layer-based approach and graphic rendering for realistic three-dimensional image reconstruction by angular tiling,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(2), 023016 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

C. Ataman and H. Urey, “Modeling and characterization of comb-actuated resonant microscanners,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 16(1), 9–16 (2006).
[Crossref]

Journal of Mechanical Science & Technology (1)

L. K. Koay and N. A. A. Rahim, “Reviews: Torsional spring mechanism resonant scanner’s technology,” Journal of Mechanical Science & Technology 30(4), 1781–1798 (2016).
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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The principle of CIH displays, (a) layer-based algorithm for calculating a 3D hologram, (b) static CIH display, and (c) dynamic CIH display.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 CIH display with Hybrid Resonant Scanner (HRS): horizontal resonant scanner and vertical galvanometer. Lens L1 to L4 are attached lens array (virtual).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The principle of HRS.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Scanning pattern, (a) scanning timing and (b) scanning trajectory.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The scanning coordinate relationships.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimental setup, (a) entire system overview, (b) the laser and DMD configurations, and (c) the HRS configurations.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Scanning simulation by using ZEMAX, (a) 3D optical path of the HRS scanner, (b) 1D-RS scanning, and (c) 1D-GS scanning.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Position calibrated results, (a)–(c) before compensation, where the reconstructed holographic image is located at different FOVA positions when the scanner scans the holographic image. (d)–(f) after calibration, (g) original image, (h)–(j) the conjugated images of three colours, while (k) is the results after the adjustment.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Colour combing, (a) colour combining optical path and dichroic filter performance and (b) position calibration and colour size, where three views are located on the different vertical positions.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Reconstructed holographic images of (1) characters: (a) before size calibration, (b) after size calibration, (c) the original image; and (2) facial mask: (e)–(h) different intensities of colour lasers, (i) the original image.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Reconstructed holographic colour images viewed from normal horizontally at an angle of (a) 0°, (b) + 1.6°, (c) + 21.6°, (d) −1.6°, and (e) −21.6°, respectively.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Reconstructed holographic colour images of four letters, CPDS, taken by a camera, when (a) the four letters are located at the same depth and (b)-(e) the four letter layers are located at different depths with the camera focuses on the “C”, “P”, “D” and “S” layer, respectively.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Display capability of the proposed system

Equations (15)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

G(x,y,z)= n G n (x,y)
Q n (x,y)= P n (x,y)×exp[ j k 2 ( x 2 z nx + y 2 z ny ) ]
Q(x,y)= n=1 N Q n (x,y)
f R = 1 2π k t 4 lJ
t= l Sϕ
ΔhΔθ nλ 2
v = w 2( q , w ) q
A = Q + η y w
η y = q , G Q q , w
{ μ x =tan μ x = B x z 0 +h μ y =tan μ y = B y z 0
[ C x C y μ x μ y ]=[ 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 f 0 1 0 0 1 f 0 1 ][ B x B y μ x μ y ]
[ D x D y D y ]=[ C x + z 1 × μ x C y + z 1 × μ y z 0 + z 1 ]
( Δx= λd m·Δa ,Δy= λd n·Δb )
{ x R = m R Δ x R = m R λ R d m·Δa x G = m G Δ x G = m G λ G d m·Δa x B = m B Δ x B = m B λ B d m·Δa
m R : m G : m B = 1 λ R : 1 λ G : 1 λ B

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