Abstract

We developed a high repetition rate optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) laser system based on fiber-laser-seeded Innoslab to generate few-cycle pulses around 2 µm with passively stable carrier-envelope phase (CEP) by difference frequency generation (DFG). Incorporating a piezo mirror before the DFG stage permits rapid CEP control. The OPCPA system is seeded by a stable supercontinuum generated in bulk material with the picosecond Innoslab pulses. Few-cycle pulses with durations of 17 fs and energies of over 100 μJ were produced in a single OPCPA stage. Three different nonlinear crystals: BBO, BiBO, and LNB were tested in the final parametric amplifier, and their average power related limitations are addressed.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (1)

2017 (6)

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355(6322), 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Thiré, R. Maksimenka, B. Kiss, C. Ferchaud, P. Bizouard, E. Cormier, K. Osvay, and N. Forget, “4-W, 100-kHz, few-cycle mid-infrared source with sub-100-mrad carrier-envelope phase noise,” Opt. Express 25(2), 1505–1514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Elu, M. Baudisch, H. Pires, F. Tani, M. H. Frosz, F. Koettig, A. Ermolov, P. S. Russell, and J. Biegert, “High average power and single-cycle pulses from a mid-IR optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier,” Optica 4, 1024–1029 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. E. Schmidt, A. Hage, T. Mans, F. Légaré, and H.-J. Wörner, “Highly stable, 54mJ Yb-InnoSlab laser platform at 0.5kW average power,” Opt. Express 25(15), 17549–17555 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Burger, W. F. Frisch, T. M. Kardaś, M. Trubetskov, V. Pervak, R. Moshammer, B. Bergues, M. F. Kling, and P. Wnuk, “Compact and flexible harmonic generator and three-color synthesizer for femtosecond coherent control and time-resolved studies,” Opt. Express 25(25), 31130–31139 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Nubbemeyer, M. Kaumanns, M. Ueffing, M. Gorjan, A. Alismail, H. Fattahi, J. Brons, O. Pronin, H. G. Barros, Z. Major, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, and F. Krausz, “Powerful 100-fs-scale Kerr-lens mode-locked thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 42, 1381–1384 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (6)

M. Ueffing, R. Lange, T. Pleyer, V. Pervak, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, Z. Major, T. Nubbemeyer, and F. Krausz, “Direct regenerative amplification of femtosecond pulses to the multimillijoule level,” Opt. Lett. 41(16), 3840–3843 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Fattahi, H. Wang, A. Alismail, G. Arisholm, V. Pervak, A. M. Azzeer, and F. Krausz, “Near-PHz-bandwidth, phase-stable continua generated from a Yb:YAG thin-disk amplifier,” Opt. Express 24(21), 24337–24346 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Wnuk, H. Fuest, M. Neuhaus, L. Loetscher, S. Zherebtsov, E. Riedle, Z. Major, and M. F. Kling, “Discrete dispersion scanning as a simple method for broadband femtosecond pulse characterization,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18551–18558 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Müller, M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Gottschall, E. Shestaev, M. Plötner, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “1 kW 1 mJ eight-channel ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(15), 3439–3442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Förg, J. Schötz, F. Süßmann, M. Förster, M. Krüger, B. Ahn, W. A. Okell, K. Wintersperger, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, V. Pervak, A. Kessel, S. A. Trushin, A. M. Azzeer, M. I. Stockman, D. Kim, F. Krausz, P. Hommelhoff, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond nanoscale near-field sampling,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11717 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kübel, R. Siemering, C. Burger, N. G. Kling, H. Li, A. S. Alnaser, B. Bergues, S. Zherebtsov, A. M. Azzeer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. Moshammer, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Steering proton migration in hydrocarbons using intense few-cycle laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(19), 193001 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (5)

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. G. Pullen, B. Wolter, A.-T. Le, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, C. D. Lin, and J. Biegert, “Imaging an aligned polyatomic molecule with laser-induced electron diffraction,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7262 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, G. Cirmi, and F. X. Kärtner, “White-light generation with sub-ps pulses,” Opt. Express 23(11), 13866–13879 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Galinis, G. Tamošauskas, I. Gražulevičiūtė, E. Keblytė, V. Jukna, and A. Dubietis, “Filamentation and supercontinuum generation in solid-state dielectric media with picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033857 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Silva, S. M. Teichmann, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “Spatiotemporal isolation of attosecond soft X-ray pulses in the water window,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6611 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

2013 (2)

M. Bradler, C. Homann, and E. Riedle, “Broadband difference frequency mixing between visible and near-infrared pulses for few-cycle pulse generation with stable carrier-envelope phase,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 19–25 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. F. Kling, P. von den Hoff, I. Znakovskaya, and R. de Vivie-Riedle, “(Sub-)femtosecond control of molecular reactions via tailoring the electric field of light,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(24), 9448–9467 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2009 (4)

2007 (1)

2003 (1)

M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Theory and simulation of supercontinuum generation in transparent bulk media,” Appl. Phys. B 77(2-3), 185–195 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

1988 (1)

J. Lee Rodgers and W. A. Nicewander, “Thirteen ways to look at the correlation coefficient,” Am. Stat. 42(1), 59–66 (1988).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1964).

Ahn, B.

B. Förg, J. Schötz, F. Süßmann, M. Förster, M. Krüger, B. Ahn, W. A. Okell, K. Wintersperger, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, V. Pervak, A. Kessel, S. A. Trushin, A. M. Azzeer, M. I. Stockman, D. Kim, F. Krausz, P. Hommelhoff, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond nanoscale near-field sampling,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11717 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alismail, A.

Alnaser, A. S.

M. Kübel, R. Siemering, C. Burger, N. G. Kling, H. Li, A. S. Alnaser, B. Bergues, S. Zherebtsov, A. M. Azzeer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. Moshammer, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Steering proton migration in hydrocarbons using intense few-cycle laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(19), 193001 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alsaif, B.

Arisholm, G.

Azzeer, A. M.

H. Fattahi, H. Wang, A. Alismail, G. Arisholm, V. Pervak, A. M. Azzeer, and F. Krausz, “Near-PHz-bandwidth, phase-stable continua generated from a Yb:YAG thin-disk amplifier,” Opt. Express 24(21), 24337–24346 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kübel, R. Siemering, C. Burger, N. G. Kling, H. Li, A. S. Alnaser, B. Bergues, S. Zherebtsov, A. M. Azzeer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. Moshammer, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Steering proton migration in hydrocarbons using intense few-cycle laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(19), 193001 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Förg, J. Schötz, F. Süßmann, M. Förster, M. Krüger, B. Ahn, W. A. Okell, K. Wintersperger, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, V. Pervak, A. Kessel, S. A. Trushin, A. M. Azzeer, M. I. Stockman, D. Kim, F. Krausz, P. Hommelhoff, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond nanoscale near-field sampling,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11717 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Fattahi, H. G. Barros, M. Gorjan, T. Nubbemeyer, B. Alsaif, C. Y. Teisset, M. Schultze, S. Prinz, M. Haefner, M. Ueffing, A. Alismail, L. Vámos, A. Schwarz, O. Pronin, J. Brons, X. T. Geng, G. Arisholm, M. Ciappina, V. S. Yakovlev, D.-E. Kim, A. M. Azzeer, N. Karpowicz, D. Sutter, Z. Major, T. Metzger, and F. Krausz, “Third-generation femtosecond technology,” Optica 1(1), 45–63 (2014).
[Crossref]

Barros, H. G.

Bates, P. K.

Baudisch, M.

U. Elu, M. Baudisch, H. Pires, F. Tani, M. H. Frosz, F. Koettig, A. Ermolov, P. S. Russell, and J. Biegert, “High average power and single-cycle pulses from a mid-IR optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier,” Optica 4, 1024–1029 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. G. Pullen, B. Wolter, A.-T. Le, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, C. D. Lin, and J. Biegert, “Imaging an aligned polyatomic molecule with laser-induced electron diffraction,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7262 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baum, P.

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-µJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 561–574 (2009).
[Crossref]

Baykusheva, D.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355(6322), 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ben-Itzhak, I.

M. Kübel, R. Siemering, C. Burger, N. G. Kling, H. Li, A. S. Alnaser, B. Bergues, S. Zherebtsov, A. M. Azzeer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. Moshammer, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Steering proton migration in hydrocarbons using intense few-cycle laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(19), 193001 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergues, B.

C. Burger, W. F. Frisch, T. M. Kardaś, M. Trubetskov, V. Pervak, R. Moshammer, B. Bergues, M. F. Kling, and P. Wnuk, “Compact and flexible harmonic generator and three-color synthesizer for femtosecond coherent control and time-resolved studies,” Opt. Express 25(25), 31130–31139 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kübel, R. Siemering, C. Burger, N. G. Kling, H. Li, A. S. Alnaser, B. Bergues, S. Zherebtsov, A. M. Azzeer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. Moshammer, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Steering proton migration in hydrocarbons using intense few-cycle laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(19), 193001 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

U. Elu, M. Baudisch, H. Pires, F. Tani, M. H. Frosz, F. Koettig, A. Ermolov, P. S. Russell, and J. Biegert, “High average power and single-cycle pulses from a mid-IR optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier,” Optica 4, 1024–1029 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. G. Pullen, B. Wolter, A.-T. Le, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, C. D. Lin, and J. Biegert, “Imaging an aligned polyatomic molecule with laser-induced electron diffraction,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7262 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Silva, S. M. Teichmann, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “Spatiotemporal isolation of attosecond soft X-ray pulses in the water window,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6611 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Prinz, S.

Pronin, O.

Pullen, M. G.

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. G. Pullen, B. Wolter, A.-T. Le, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, C. D. Lin, and J. Biegert, “Imaging an aligned polyatomic molecule with laser-induced electron diffraction,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7262 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reiger, S.

Riedle, E.

P. Wnuk, H. Fuest, M. Neuhaus, L. Loetscher, S. Zherebtsov, E. Riedle, Z. Major, and M. F. Kling, “Discrete dispersion scanning as a simple method for broadband femtosecond pulse characterization,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18551–18558 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bradler, C. Homann, and E. Riedle, “Broadband difference frequency mixing between visible and near-infrared pulses for few-cycle pulse generation with stable carrier-envelope phase,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 19–25 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Homann, M. Bradler, M. Förster, P. Hommelhoff, and E. Riedle, “Carrier-envelope phase stable sub-two-cycle pulses tunable around 1.8 µm at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 37(10), 1673–1675 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-µJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 561–574 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rotarius, G.

Russbueldt, P.

Russell, P. S.

Schmidt, B. E.

Schmidt, C.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355(6322), 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, S.

B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Groß, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8(1), 37–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schötz, J.

B. Förg, J. Schötz, F. Süßmann, M. Förster, M. Krüger, B. Ahn, W. A. Okell, K. Wintersperger, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, V. Pervak, A. Kessel, S. A. Trushin, A. M. Azzeer, M. I. Stockman, D. Kim, F. Krausz, P. Hommelhoff, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond nanoscale near-field sampling,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11717 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schröter, C. D.

M. G. Pullen, B. Wolter, A.-T. Le, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, C. D. Lin, and J. Biegert, “Imaging an aligned polyatomic molecule with laser-induced electron diffraction,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7262 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schultze, M.

Schwarz, A.

Sclafani, M.

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).
[Crossref]

Senftleben, A.

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. G. Pullen, B. Wolter, A.-T. Le, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, C. D. Lin, and J. Biegert, “Imaging an aligned polyatomic molecule with laser-induced electron diffraction,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7262 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shestaev, E.

Siemering, R.

M. Kübel, R. Siemering, C. Burger, N. G. Kling, H. Li, A. S. Alnaser, B. Bergues, S. Zherebtsov, A. M. Azzeer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. Moshammer, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Steering proton migration in hydrocarbons using intense few-cycle laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(19), 193001 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Silva, F.

F. Silva, S. M. Teichmann, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “Spatiotemporal isolation of attosecond soft X-ray pulses in the water window,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6611 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stockman, M. I.

B. Förg, J. Schötz, F. Süßmann, M. Förster, M. Krüger, B. Ahn, W. A. Okell, K. Wintersperger, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, V. Pervak, A. Kessel, S. A. Trushin, A. M. Azzeer, M. I. Stockman, D. Kim, F. Krausz, P. Hommelhoff, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond nanoscale near-field sampling,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11717 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Süßmann, F.

B. Förg, J. Schötz, F. Süßmann, M. Förster, M. Krüger, B. Ahn, W. A. Okell, K. Wintersperger, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, V. Pervak, A. Kessel, S. A. Trushin, A. M. Azzeer, M. I. Stockman, D. Kim, F. Krausz, P. Hommelhoff, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond nanoscale near-field sampling,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11717 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sutter, D.

Svoboda, V.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355(6322), 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tackett, J.

Takada, H.

Takahashi, H.

Tamošauskas, G.

J. Galinis, G. Tamošauskas, I. Gražulevičiūtė, E. Keblytė, V. Jukna, and A. Dubietis, “Filamentation and supercontinuum generation in solid-state dielectric media with picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033857 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tani, F.

Tehlar, A.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355(6322), 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teichmann, S. M.

F. Silva, S. M. Teichmann, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “Spatiotemporal isolation of attosecond soft X-ray pulses in the water window,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6611 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teisset, C. Y.

Thai, A.

Thiré, N.

Torizuka, K.

Trubetskov, M.

Trushin, S. A.

B. Förg, J. Schötz, F. Süßmann, M. Förster, M. Krüger, B. Ahn, W. A. Okell, K. Wintersperger, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, V. Pervak, A. Kessel, S. A. Trushin, A. M. Azzeer, M. I. Stockman, D. Kim, F. Krausz, P. Hommelhoff, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond nanoscale near-field sampling,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11717 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tünnermann, A.

Ueffing, M.

Ullrich, J.

M. G. Pullen, B. Wolter, A.-T. Le, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, C. D. Lin, and J. Biegert, “Imaging an aligned polyatomic molecule with laser-induced electron diffraction,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7262 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vámos, L.

Vogelsang, J.

B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Groß, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8(1), 37–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

von Conta, A.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355(6322), 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

von den Hoff, P.

M. F. Kling, P. von den Hoff, I. Znakovskaya, and R. de Vivie-Riedle, “(Sub-)femtosecond control of molecular reactions via tailoring the electric field of light,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(24), 9448–9467 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

Weitenberg, J.

Wintersperger, K.

B. Förg, J. Schötz, F. Süßmann, M. Förster, M. Krüger, B. Ahn, W. A. Okell, K. Wintersperger, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, V. Pervak, A. Kessel, S. A. Trushin, A. M. Azzeer, M. I. Stockman, D. Kim, F. Krausz, P. Hommelhoff, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond nanoscale near-field sampling,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11717 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wnuk, P.

Wolf, J.-P.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355(6322), 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolter, B.

M. G. Pullen, B. Wolter, A.-T. Le, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, C. D. Lin, and J. Biegert, “Imaging an aligned polyatomic molecule with laser-induced electron diffraction,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7262 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wörner, H. J.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355(6322), 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wörner, H.-J.

Wright, E. M.

M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Theory and simulation of supercontinuum generation in transparent bulk media,” Appl. Phys. B 77(2-3), 185–195 (2003).
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Yakovlev, V. S.

Zherebtsov, S.

P. Wnuk, H. Fuest, M. Neuhaus, L. Loetscher, S. Zherebtsov, E. Riedle, Z. Major, and M. F. Kling, “Discrete dispersion scanning as a simple method for broadband femtosecond pulse characterization,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18551–18558 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kübel, R. Siemering, C. Burger, N. G. Kling, H. Li, A. S. Alnaser, B. Bergues, S. Zherebtsov, A. M. Azzeer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. Moshammer, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Steering proton migration in hydrocarbons using intense few-cycle laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(19), 193001 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Förg, J. Schötz, F. Süßmann, M. Förster, M. Krüger, B. Ahn, W. A. Okell, K. Wintersperger, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, V. Pervak, A. Kessel, S. A. Trushin, A. M. Azzeer, M. I. Stockman, D. Kim, F. Krausz, P. Hommelhoff, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond nanoscale near-field sampling,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11717 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Znakovskaya, I.

M. F. Kling, P. von den Hoff, I. Znakovskaya, and R. de Vivie-Riedle, “(Sub-)femtosecond control of molecular reactions via tailoring the electric field of light,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(24), 9448–9467 (2013).
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M. Bradler, C. Homann, and E. Riedle, “Broadband difference frequency mixing between visible and near-infrared pulses for few-cycle pulse generation with stable carrier-envelope phase,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 19–25 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-µJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 561–574 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Theory and simulation of supercontinuum generation in transparent bulk media,” Appl. Phys. B 77(2-3), 185–195 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (3)

B. Förg, J. Schötz, F. Süßmann, M. Förster, M. Krüger, B. Ahn, W. A. Okell, K. Wintersperger, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, V. Pervak, A. Kessel, S. A. Trushin, A. M. Azzeer, M. I. Stockman, D. Kim, F. Krausz, P. Hommelhoff, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond nanoscale near-field sampling,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11717 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Pullen, B. Wolter, A.-T. Le, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, C. D. Lin, and J. Biegert, “Imaging an aligned polyatomic molecule with laser-induced electron diffraction,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7262 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Silva, S. M. Teichmann, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “Spatiotemporal isolation of attosecond soft X-ray pulses in the water window,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6611 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. Piglosiewicz, S. Schmidt, D. J. Park, J. Vogelsang, P. Groß, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and C. Lienau, “Carrier-envelope phase effects on the strong-field photoemission of electrons from metallic nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 8(1), 37–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

N. Thiré, R. Maksimenka, B. Kiss, C. Ferchaud, P. Bizouard, E. Cormier, K. Osvay, and N. Forget, “4-W, 100-kHz, few-cycle mid-infrared source with sub-100-mrad carrier-envelope phase noise,” Opt. Express 25(2), 1505–1514 (2017).
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B. E. Schmidt, A. Hage, T. Mans, F. Légaré, and H.-J. Wörner, “Highly stable, 54mJ Yb-InnoSlab laser platform at 0.5kW average power,” Opt. Express 25(15), 17549–17555 (2017).
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H. Fattahi, H. Wang, A. Alismail, G. Arisholm, V. Pervak, A. M. Azzeer, and F. Krausz, “Near-PHz-bandwidth, phase-stable continua generated from a Yb:YAG thin-disk amplifier,” Opt. Express 24(21), 24337–24346 (2016).
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C. Burger, W. F. Frisch, T. M. Kardaś, M. Trubetskov, V. Pervak, R. Moshammer, B. Bergues, M. F. Kling, and P. Wnuk, “Compact and flexible harmonic generator and three-color synthesizer for femtosecond coherent control and time-resolved studies,” Opt. Express 25(25), 31130–31139 (2017).
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A. L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, G. Cirmi, and F. X. Kärtner, “White-light generation with sub-ps pulses,” Opt. Express 23(11), 13866–13879 (2015).
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P. Wnuk, H. Fuest, M. Neuhaus, L. Loetscher, S. Zherebtsov, E. Riedle, Z. Major, and M. F. Kling, “Discrete dispersion scanning as a simple method for broadband femtosecond pulse characterization,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18551–18558 (2016).
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Opt. Lett. (9)

M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Kobayashi, K. Torizuka, Y. Fujihira, T. Homma, and H. Takahashi, “Single-shot measurement of carrier-envelope phase changes by spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 26(18), 1436–1438 (2001).
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A. Thai, M. Hemmer, P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, and J. Biegert, “Sub-250-mrad, passively carrier-envelope-phase-stable mid-infrared OPCPA source at high repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3918–3920 (2011).
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M. Ueffing, R. Lange, T. Pleyer, V. Pervak, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, Z. Major, T. Nubbemeyer, and F. Krausz, “Direct regenerative amplification of femtosecond pulses to the multimillijoule level,” Opt. Lett. 41(16), 3840–3843 (2016).
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T. Nubbemeyer, M. Kaumanns, M. Ueffing, M. Gorjan, A. Alismail, H. Fattahi, J. Brons, O. Pronin, H. G. Barros, Z. Major, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, and F. Krausz, “Powerful 100-fs-scale Kerr-lens mode-locked thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 42, 1381–1384 (2017).
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C. Homann, M. Bradler, M. Förster, P. Hommelhoff, and E. Riedle, “Carrier-envelope phase stable sub-two-cycle pulses tunable around 1.8 µm at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 37(10), 1673–1675 (2012).
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Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. F. Kling, P. von den Hoff, I. Znakovskaya, and R. de Vivie-Riedle, “(Sub-)femtosecond control of molecular reactions via tailoring the electric field of light,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(24), 9448–9467 (2013).
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Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Galinis, G. Tamošauskas, I. Gražulevičiūtė, E. Keblytė, V. Jukna, and A. Dubietis, “Filamentation and supercontinuum generation in solid-state dielectric media with picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033857 (2015).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Kübel, R. Siemering, C. Burger, N. G. Kling, H. Li, A. S. Alnaser, B. Bergues, S. Zherebtsov, A. M. Azzeer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. Moshammer, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Steering proton migration in hydrocarbons using intense few-cycle laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(19), 193001 (2016).
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Phys. Rev. X (1)

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Sketch of the mid-infrared laser system; SCG: supercontinuum generation, SHG: second harmonic generation, FS: fused silica, CM: chirped mirrors, PM: piezo mirror.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Calculated small gain profiles: a) NOPA (red), DFG (blue) and OPA (black) processes: The NOPA spectrum is frequency down-shifted corresponding to 1030 nm for easier comparison. The shaded area marks the spectral overlap of all three bands (type-I phase matching profiles in BBO for NOPA and DFG and in BiBO for the OPA). b) Amplification curves calculated for the OPA stage for four different nonlinear crystals: BiBO (black), BBO (blue), LNB (red), and LBO (green).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 a) Spectrum of the supercontinuum generated with 1.1 ps pulses centered at 1030 nm in a 6 mm YAG crystal. The colored area marks the spectral bandwidth of the successive NOPA stage. The inset shows the spatial profile of the generated supercontinuum. b) Picture of the filament through the side of the crystal. c) Thermal image of the YAG crystal during SC generation.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Noise characteristic of the generated supercontinuum; a) Pulse energy fluctuation of consecutive pulses with power histogram b) Pearson correlation; c) Rms value for different number of accumulated shots.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Spectra of a) the NOPA and b) DFG output pulses. Black lines: measured spectra, red lines: calculated small signal gain profiles.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Temporal characterization of the mid-IR pulses with THG-FROG; a) retrieved temporal profile for different crystals and calculated Fourier-limited pulse (dashed line) for BiBO, inset: measured (upper) and retrieved (lower) FROG traces for BiBO. b) Measured spectra for all amplification crystals with retrieved phase. c) GDD introduced by 1 chirped mirror (design curve, red at 5°, blue at 23° AOI, black – average value), by 5 mm of sapphire (green) and GDD introduced in the mid-IR beam by placing 15 mm of UV fused silica in the supercontinuum output (orange).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 CEP phase stability: a) Interference fringes recorded with feedback-loop recorded for 30 min with 242 mrad fluctuations b) For lower amplification,15 s without feedback-loop with 103 mrad fluctuations, c) comparison of the CEP noise (power spectral density) with (blue) and without (red) stabilization and d) example of the CEP phase control (0-π ramp pattern, followed by constant CEP).

Equations (1)

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γ E,E+j = i=1 N ( E i E ¯ )( E i+j E ¯ ) i=1 N ( E i E ¯ ) 2 ,

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