Abstract

We investigated the stimulated emission from a ladder-type two-photon coherent atomic ensemble, for the 5S1/2 − 5P3/2 − 5D5/2 transition of 87Rb atoms. Under the ladder-type two-photon resonance condition obtained using pump and coupling lasers, we observed broad four-wave mixing (FWM) light stimulated from two-photon coherence induced by the seed laser coupled between the ground state of 5S1/2 and the first excited state of 5P3/2. A dip in the FWM spectrum was obtained for three-photon resonance due to V-type two-photon coherence using the pump and seed lasers. From the FWM spectra obtained for varying frequency detuning and seed-laser power, we determined that the seed laser acts as a stimulator for FWM generation, but also acts as a disturber of FWM due to V-type two-photon coherence.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (2)

K. T. Kaczmarek, P. M. Ledingham, B. Brecht, S. E. Thomas, G. S. Thekkadath, O. Lazo-Arjona, J. H. D. Munns, E. Poem, A. Feizpour, D. J. Saunders, J. Nunn, and I. A. Walmsley, “High-speed noise-free optical quantum memory,” Phys. Rev. A 97(4), 042316 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Finkelstein, E. Poem, O. Michel, O. Lahad, and O. Firstenberg, “Fast, noise-free memory for photon synchronization at room temperature,” Sci. Adv. 4(1), eaap8598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (4)

2016 (3)

2014 (2)

H. S. Moon and T. Jeong, “Three-photon electromagnetically induced absorption in a ladder-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 89(3), 033822 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Wen, H. Zheng, X. Xue, H. Chen, J. Song, and Y. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-assisted four-wave mixing process in the diamond-type four-level atomic system,” Opt. Mater. 37, 724–726 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

H. S. Moon and H.-R. Noh, “Resonant two-photon absorption and electromagnetically induced transparency in open ladder-type atomic system,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7447–7455 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslennikov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123602 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, “Stimulated emission tomography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(19), 193602 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

2011 (2)

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Diagrammatic analysis of multiphoton processes in a ladder-type three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 84(5), 053827 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeater based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(1), 33–80 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Correlated photon pairs generated from a warm atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053842 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Four-wave mixing in the diamond configuration in an atomic vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033814 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

F. E. Becerra, R. T. Willis, S. L. Rolston, and L. A. Orozco, “Nondegenerate four-wave mixing in rubidium vapor: the diamond configuration,” Phys. Rev. A 78(1), 013834 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double resonance optical pumping effects in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12163–12170 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Kimble, “The quantum internet,” Nature 453(7198), 1023–1030 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Du, J. Wen, and M. H. Rubin, “Narrowband biphoton generation near atomic resonance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(12), C98–C108 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

Y. Zhang, U. Khadka, B. Anderson, and M. Xiao, “Controlling four-wave and six-wave mixing processes in multilevel atomic systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(22), 221108 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 093604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of narrow-bandwidth paired photons: use of a single driving laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 113602 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(18), 183601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414(6862), 413–418 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

M. D. Lukin, S. F. Yelin, M. Fleischhauer, and M. O. Scully, “Quantum interference effects induced by interacting dark resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 60(4), 3225–3228 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, and M. O. Scully, “Nondegenerate parametric self-oscillation via multiwave mixing in coherent atomic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4049–4052 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (3)

1995 (2)

M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, “Measurement of dispersive properties of electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(5), 666–669 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Fulton, S. Shepherd, R. R. Moseley, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave electromagnetically induced transparency: a comparison of V, Lambda, and cascade systems,” Phys. Rev. A 52(3), 2302–2311 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, “Nonlinear optical processes using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64(10), 1107–1110 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Achal, R.

A. MacRae, T. Brannan, R. Achal, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Tomography of a high-purity narrowband photon from a transient atomic collective excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adams, C. S.

D. J. Whiting, N. Šibalić, J. Keaveney, C. S. Adams, and I. G. Hughes, “Single-photon interference due to motion in an atomic collective excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(25), 253601 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Carr, M. Tanasittikosol, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, C. S. Adams, and K. J. Weatherill, “Three-photon electromagnetically induced transparency using Rydberg states,” Opt. Lett. 37(18), 3858–3860 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anderson, B.

Y. Zhang, U. Khadka, B. Anderson, and M. Xiao, “Controlling four-wave and six-wave mixing processes in multilevel atomic systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(22), 221108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Balic, V.

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(18), 183601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becerra, F. E.

R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Correlated photon pairs generated from a warm atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053842 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Four-wave mixing in the diamond configuration in an atomic vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033814 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. E. Becerra, R. T. Willis, S. L. Rolston, and L. A. Orozco, “Nondegenerate four-wave mixing in rubidium vapor: the diamond configuration,” Phys. Rev. A 78(1), 013834 (2008).
[Crossref]

Belthangady, C.

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of narrow-bandwidth paired photons: use of a single driving laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 113602 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boca, A.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boozer, A. D.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bowen, W. P.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Braje, D. A.

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(18), 183601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brannan, T.

A. MacRae, T. Brannan, R. Achal, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Tomography of a high-purity narrowband photon from a transient atomic collective excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brecht, B.

K. T. Kaczmarek, P. M. Ledingham, B. Brecht, S. E. Thomas, G. S. Thekkadath, O. Lazo-Arjona, J. H. D. Munns, E. Poem, A. Feizpour, D. J. Saunders, J. Nunn, and I. A. Walmsley, “High-speed noise-free optical quantum memory,” Phys. Rev. A 97(4), 042316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Carr, C.

Chanelière, T.

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 093604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chapman, M. S.

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 093604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

F. Wen, H. Zheng, X. Xue, H. Chen, J. Song, and Y. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-assisted four-wave mixing process in the diamond-type four-level atomic system,” Opt. Mater. 37, 724–726 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, P.

C. Shu, P. Chen, T. K. A. Chow, L. Zhu, Y. Xiao, M. M. T. Loy, and S. Du, “Subnatural-linewidth biphotons from a Doppler-broadened hot atomic vapour cell,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12783 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chng, B.

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslennikov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123602 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cho, Y.-W.

Chou, C. W.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chow, T. K. A.

C. Shu, P. Chen, T. K. A. Chow, L. Zhu, Y. Xiao, M. M. T. Loy, and S. Du, “Subnatural-linewidth biphotons from a Doppler-broadened hot atomic vapour cell,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12783 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cirac, J. I.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414(6862), 413–418 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Riedmatten, H.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeater based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(1), 33–80 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ding, D.-S.

Du, S.

C. Shu, P. Chen, T. K. A. Chow, L. Zhu, Y. Xiao, M. M. T. Loy, and S. Du, “Subnatural-linewidth biphotons from a Doppler-broadened hot atomic vapour cell,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12783 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Du, J. Wen, and M. H. Rubin, “Narrowband biphoton generation near atomic resonance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(12), C98–C108 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of narrow-bandwidth paired photons: use of a single driving laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 113602 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, L.-M.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414(6862), 413–418 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dunn, M. H.

D. J. Fulton, S. Shepherd, R. R. Moseley, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave electromagnetically induced transparency: a comparison of V, Lambda, and cascade systems,” Phys. Rev. A 52(3), 2302–2311 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feizpour, A.

K. T. Kaczmarek, P. M. Ledingham, B. Brecht, S. E. Thomas, G. S. Thekkadath, O. Lazo-Arjona, J. H. D. Munns, E. Poem, A. Feizpour, D. J. Saunders, J. Nunn, and I. A. Walmsley, “High-speed noise-free optical quantum memory,” Phys. Rev. A 97(4), 042316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Field, J. E.

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, “Nonlinear optical processes using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64(10), 1107–1110 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Finkelstein, R.

R. Finkelstein, E. Poem, O. Michel, O. Lahad, and O. Firstenberg, “Fast, noise-free memory for photon synchronization at room temperature,” Sci. Adv. 4(1), eaap8598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Firstenberg, O.

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Lee, S. M.

Lee, Y.-S.

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J. C. Petch, C. H. Keitel, P. L. Knight, and J. P. Marangos, “Role of electromagnetically induced transparency in resonant four-wave-mixing schemes,” Phys. Rev. A 53(1), 543–561 (1996).
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B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslennikov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123602 (2013).
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B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslennikov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123602 (2013).
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T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 093604 (2006).
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R. Finkelstein, E. Poem, O. Michel, O. Lahad, and O. Firstenberg, “Fast, noise-free memory for photon synchronization at room temperature,” Sci. Adv. 4(1), eaap8598 (2018).
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Moseley, R. R.

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K. T. Kaczmarek, P. M. Ledingham, B. Brecht, S. E. Thomas, G. S. Thekkadath, O. Lazo-Arjona, J. H. D. Munns, E. Poem, A. Feizpour, D. J. Saunders, J. Nunn, and I. A. Walmsley, “High-speed noise-free optical quantum memory,” Phys. Rev. A 97(4), 042316 (2018).
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R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Correlated photon pairs generated from a warm atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053842 (2010).
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R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Four-wave mixing in the diamond configuration in an atomic vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033814 (2009).
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F. E. Becerra, R. T. Willis, S. L. Rolston, and L. A. Orozco, “Nondegenerate four-wave mixing in rubidium vapor: the diamond configuration,” Phys. Rev. A 78(1), 013834 (2008).
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Park, K.-K.

Petch, J. C.

J. C. Petch, C. H. Keitel, P. L. Knight, and J. P. Marangos, “Role of electromagnetically induced transparency in resonant four-wave-mixing schemes,” Phys. Rev. A 53(1), 543–561 (1996).
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R. Finkelstein, E. Poem, O. Michel, O. Lahad, and O. Firstenberg, “Fast, noise-free memory for photon synchronization at room temperature,” Sci. Adv. 4(1), eaap8598 (2018).
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R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Correlated photon pairs generated from a warm atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053842 (2010).
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R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Four-wave mixing in the diamond configuration in an atomic vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033814 (2009).
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Sangouard, N.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeater based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(1), 33–80 (2011).
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Scully, M. O.

M. D. Lukin, S. F. Yelin, M. Fleischhauer, and M. O. Scully, “Quantum interference effects induced by interacting dark resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 60(4), 3225–3228 (1999).
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A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, and M. O. Scully, “Nondegenerate parametric self-oscillation via multiwave mixing in coherent atomic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4049–4052 (1999).
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D. J. Fulton, S. Shepherd, R. R. Moseley, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave electromagnetically induced transparency: a comparison of V, Lambda, and cascade systems,” Phys. Rev. A 52(3), 2302–2311 (1995).
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Shu, C.

C. Shu, P. Chen, T. K. A. Chow, L. Zhu, Y. Xiao, M. M. T. Loy, and S. Du, “Subnatural-linewidth biphotons from a Doppler-broadened hot atomic vapour cell,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12783 (2016).
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D. J. Whiting, N. Šibalić, J. Keaveney, C. S. Adams, and I. G. Hughes, “Single-photon interference due to motion in an atomic collective excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(25), 253601 (2017).
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N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeater based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(1), 33–80 (2011).
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D. J. Fulton, S. Shepherd, R. R. Moseley, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave electromagnetically induced transparency: a comparison of V, Lambda, and cascade systems,” Phys. Rev. A 52(3), 2302–2311 (1995).
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M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, “Stimulated emission tomography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(19), 193602 (2013).
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F. Wen, H. Zheng, X. Xue, H. Chen, J. Song, and Y. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-assisted four-wave mixing process in the diamond-type four-level atomic system,” Opt. Mater. 37, 724–726 (2014).
[Crossref]

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B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslennikov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123602 (2013).
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Thekkadath, G. S.

K. T. Kaczmarek, P. M. Ledingham, B. Brecht, S. E. Thomas, G. S. Thekkadath, O. Lazo-Arjona, J. H. D. Munns, E. Poem, A. Feizpour, D. J. Saunders, J. Nunn, and I. A. Walmsley, “High-speed noise-free optical quantum memory,” Phys. Rev. A 97(4), 042316 (2018).
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K. T. Kaczmarek, P. M. Ledingham, B. Brecht, S. E. Thomas, G. S. Thekkadath, O. Lazo-Arjona, J. H. D. Munns, E. Poem, A. Feizpour, D. J. Saunders, J. Nunn, and I. A. Walmsley, “High-speed noise-free optical quantum memory,” Phys. Rev. A 97(4), 042316 (2018).
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K. T. Kaczmarek, P. M. Ledingham, B. Brecht, S. E. Thomas, G. S. Thekkadath, O. Lazo-Arjona, J. H. D. Munns, E. Poem, A. Feizpour, D. J. Saunders, J. Nunn, and I. A. Walmsley, “High-speed noise-free optical quantum memory,” Phys. Rev. A 97(4), 042316 (2018).
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Wen, F.

F. Wen, H. Zheng, X. Xue, H. Chen, J. Song, and Y. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-assisted four-wave mixing process in the diamond-type four-level atomic system,” Opt. Mater. 37, 724–726 (2014).
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Whiting, D. J.

D. J. Whiting, N. Šibalić, J. Keaveney, C. S. Adams, and I. G. Hughes, “Single-photon interference due to motion in an atomic collective excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(25), 253601 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Correlated photon pairs generated from a warm atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053842 (2010).
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R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Four-wave mixing in the diamond configuration in an atomic vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033814 (2009).
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F. E. Becerra, R. T. Willis, S. L. Rolston, and L. A. Orozco, “Nondegenerate four-wave mixing in rubidium vapor: the diamond configuration,” Phys. Rev. A 78(1), 013834 (2008).
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U. Khadka, H. Zheng, and M. Xiao, “Four-wave-mixing between the upper excited states in a ladder-type atomic configuration,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6204–6214 (2012).
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C. Shu, P. Chen, T. K. A. Chow, L. Zhu, Y. Xiao, M. M. T. Loy, and S. Du, “Subnatural-linewidth biphotons from a Doppler-broadened hot atomic vapour cell,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12783 (2016).
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F. Wen, H. Zheng, X. Xue, H. Chen, J. Song, and Y. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-assisted four-wave mixing process in the diamond-type four-level atomic system,” Opt. Mater. 37, 724–726 (2014).
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M. D. Lukin, S. F. Yelin, M. Fleischhauer, and M. O. Scully, “Quantum interference effects induced by interacting dark resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 60(4), 3225–3228 (1999).
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P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of narrow-bandwidth paired photons: use of a single driving laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 113602 (2006).
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F. Wen, H. Zheng, X. Xue, H. Chen, J. Song, and Y. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-assisted four-wave mixing process in the diamond-type four-level atomic system,” Opt. Mater. 37, 724–726 (2014).
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Y. Zhang, U. Khadka, B. Anderson, and M. Xiao, “Controlling four-wave and six-wave mixing processes in multilevel atomic systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(22), 221108 (2007).
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Zhao, T.-M.

Zheng, H.

F. Wen, H. Zheng, X. Xue, H. Chen, J. Song, and Y. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-assisted four-wave mixing process in the diamond-type four-level atomic system,” Opt. Mater. 37, 724–726 (2014).
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Zhou, Z.-Y.

Zhu, L.

C. Shu, P. Chen, T. K. A. Chow, L. Zhu, Y. Xiao, M. M. T. Loy, and S. Du, “Subnatural-linewidth biphotons from a Doppler-broadened hot atomic vapour cell,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12783 (2016).
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A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, and M. O. Scully, “Nondegenerate parametric self-oscillation via multiwave mixing in coherent atomic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4049–4052 (1999).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental configuration for FWM generation. (a) Energy-level diagram of 5S1/2 – 5P3/2 – 5D5/2 transition of 87Rb atoms. (b) Experimental setup for FWM generation in ladder-type atomic system (PBS: polarizing beam splitter; M: Mirror; B: beam block; PD: photo-detector; M: Mirror).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) FWM spectrum as function of seed-laser detuning frequency from 5S1/2(F = 2)−5P3/2(F′ = 3) resonance of 87Rb. (b) FWM spectrum for pump-laser frequency scanning from 5S1/2(F = 2)−5P3/2(F′ = 3) resonance of 87Rb. The gray curve is the saturated absorption spectrum (SAS) of the frequency-scanning laser.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Pump-laser transmittance spectra in accordance with δC.(b) FWM spectra for seed-laser frequency scanning in accordance with δC ( = −δP), where the x-axis is δs. (c) FWM spectra with pump-laser frequency scanning in accordance with δs, where the x-axis is δP. The gray curve is the saturated absorption spectrum (SAS) of the frequency-scanning laser.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Ladder-type FWM spectra in accordance with seed power.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Numerically calculated FWM spectra in accordance with seed-field Rabi frequency (Ωs) using Doppler-broadened four-level atomic model.

Equations (1)

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ρ 34 = Ω s ρ 14 Ω C ρ 23 2( δ C + δ p δ s )i( Γ 13 + Γ 34 ) .

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