Abstract

Polarization conversion of terahertz waves is important for applications in imaging and communications. Conventional wave plates used for polarization conversion are inherently bulky and operate at discrete wavelengths. As a substitute, we employ reflective metasurfaces composed of subwavelength resonators to obtain similar functionality but with enhanced performance. More specifically, we demonstrate low-order dielectric resonators in place of commonly used planar metallic resonators to achieve high radiation efficiencies. As a demonstration of the concept, we present firstly, a quarter-wave mirror that converts 45° incident linearly polarized waves into circularly polarized waves. Next, we present a half-wave mirror that preserves the handedness of circularly polarized waves upon reflection, and in addition, rotates linearly polarized waves by 90° upon reflection. Both metasurfaces operate with high efficiency over a measurable relative bandwidth of 49% for the quarter-wave mirror and 53% for the half-wave mirror. This broadband and high efficiency capabilities of our metasurfaces will allow to leverage maximum benefits from a vast terahertz bandwidth.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (2)

W. S. L. Lee, S. Nirantar, D. Headland, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, C. Fumeaux, and W. Withayachumnankul, “Broadband terahertz circular-polarization beam splitter,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1700852 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Zi, Q. Xu, Q. Wang, C. Tian, Y. Li, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz polarization converter based on all-dielectric high birefringence metamaterial with elliptical air holes,” Opt. Commun. 416, 130–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (5)

2016 (3)

T. Suzuki, M. Nagai, and Y. Kishi, “Extreme-sensitivity terahertz polarizer inspired by an anisotropic cut-through metamaterial,” Opt. Lett. 41, 325–328 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Mo, X. Wei, K. Wang, Y. Li, and J. Liu, “Ultrathin flexible terahertz polarization converter based on metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 24, 13621–13627 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (8)

D. Headland, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, C. Fumeaux, and S. Sriram, “Terahertz magnetic mirror realized with dielectric resonator antennas,” Adv. Mater. 27, 7137–7144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Khurgin, “How to deal with the loss in plasmonics and metamaterials,” Nature 10, 2–6 (2015).

D. Wang, Y. Gu, Y. Gong, C.-W. Qiu, and M. Hong, “An ultrathin terahertz quarter-wave plate using planar babinet-inverted metasurface,” Opt. Express 23, 11114–11122 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ebrahimi, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, S. F. Al-Sarawi, and D. Abbott, “Second-order terahertz bandpass frequency selective surface with miniaturized elements,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5, 761–769 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband plasmonic absorber for terahertz waves,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 376–380 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Nagai, N. Mukai, Y. Minowa, M. Ashida, T. Suzuki, J. Takayanagi, and H. Ohtake, “Achromatic wave plate in thz frequency region based on parallel metal plate waveguides with a pillar array,” Opt. Express 23, 4641–4649 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Niu, A. Upadhyay, W. Withayachumnankul, D. Headland, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Polarization-dependent thin-film wire-grid reflectarray for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 031111 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (7)

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz reflectarray as a polarizing beam splitter,” Opt. Express 22, 16148–16160 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance toward terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photon. 1, 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. E. Heyes, W. Withayachumnankul, N. K. Grady, D. R. Chowdhury, A. K. Azad, and H.-T. Chen, “Hybrid metasurface for ultra-broadband terahertz modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181108 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-q fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Klemm, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Efficiency and scalability of dielectric resonator antennas at optical frequencies,” IEEE Photon. J 6, 1–10 (2014).

2013 (5)

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator nanoantennas at visible frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 1344–1352 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, B. S.-Y. Ung, H. Menekse, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Experimental demonstration of reflectarray antennas at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 2875–2889 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Chen, Y. Gong, H. Dong, T. Notake, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz achromatic quarter wave plate: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Opt. Commun. 311, 1–5 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

L. Sun, Z. Lü, D. Zhang, Z. Zhao, and J. Yuan, “Achromatic terahertz quarter-wave retarder in reflection mode,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 393–398 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Withayachumnankul, H. Lin, K. Serita, C. M. Shah, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, M. Tonouchi, C. Fumeaux, and D. Abbott, “Sub-diffraction thin-film sensing with planar terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 20, 3345–3352 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Zheludev and Y. S. Kivshar, “From metamaterials to metadevices,” Nat. Mater. 11, 917–924 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

2009 (3)

W. Withayachumnankul and D. Abbott, “Metamaterials in the terahertz regime,” IEEE Photonics J. 1, 99–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Weis, O. Paul, C. Imhof, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, “Strongly birefringent metamaterials as negative index terahertz wave plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171104 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, H. Tao, D. V. Pilon, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Comparison of birefringent electric split-ring resonator and meanderline structures as quarter-wave plates at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 17, 136–149 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

C. Imhof and R. Zengerle, “Strong birefringence in left-handed metallic metamaterials,” Opt. Commun. 280, 213–216 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

2004 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

1990 (1)

Abbott, D.

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Headland, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, C. Fumeaux, and S. Sriram, “Terahertz magnetic mirror realized with dielectric resonator antennas,” Adv. Mater. 27, 7137–7144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Niu, A. Upadhyay, W. Withayachumnankul, D. Headland, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Polarization-dependent thin-film wire-grid reflectarray for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 031111 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Ebrahimi, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, S. F. Al-Sarawi, and D. Abbott, “Second-order terahertz bandpass frequency selective surface with miniaturized elements,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5, 761–769 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband plasmonic absorber for terahertz waves,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 376–380 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance toward terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photon. 1, 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz reflectarray as a polarizing beam splitter,” Opt. Express 22, 16148–16160 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Withayachumnankul, H. Lin, K. Serita, C. M. Shah, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, M. Tonouchi, C. Fumeaux, and D. Abbott, “Sub-diffraction thin-film sensing with planar terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 20, 3345–3352 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Withayachumnankul and D. Abbott, “Metamaterials in the terahertz regime,” IEEE Photonics J. 1, 99–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Naib, I.

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-q fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

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A. Ebrahimi, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, S. F. Al-Sarawi, and D. Abbott, “Second-order terahertz bandpass frequency selective surface with miniaturized elements,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5, 761–769 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Averitt, R. D.

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J. E. Heyes, W. Withayachumnankul, N. K. Grady, D. R. Chowdhury, A. K. Azad, and H.-T. Chen, “Hybrid metasurface for ultra-broadband terahertz modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181108 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
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P. Weis, O. Paul, C. Imhof, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, “Strongly birefringent metamaterials as negative index terahertz wave plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bhaskaran, M.

W. S. L. Lee, S. Nirantar, D. Headland, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, C. Fumeaux, and W. Withayachumnankul, “Broadband terahertz circular-polarization beam splitter,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1700852 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. S. L. Lee, K. Kaltenecker, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Walther, M. Bhaskaran, B. M. Fischer, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz near-field imaging of dielectric resonators,” Opt. Express 25, 3756–3764 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Headland, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, C. Fumeaux, and S. Sriram, “Terahertz magnetic mirror realized with dielectric resonator antennas,” Adv. Mater. 27, 7137–7144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ebrahimi, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, S. F. Al-Sarawi, and D. Abbott, “Second-order terahertz bandpass frequency selective surface with miniaturized elements,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5, 761–769 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband plasmonic absorber for terahertz waves,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 376–380 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, A. Upadhyay, W. Withayachumnankul, D. Headland, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Polarization-dependent thin-film wire-grid reflectarray for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 031111 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz reflectarray as a polarizing beam splitter,” Opt. Express 22, 16148–16160 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance toward terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photon. 1, 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Klemm, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Efficiency and scalability of dielectric resonator antennas at optical frequencies,” IEEE Photon. J 6, 1–10 (2014).

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator nanoantennas at visible frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 1344–1352 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, B. S.-Y. Ung, H. Menekse, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Experimental demonstration of reflectarray antennas at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 2875–2889 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Withayachumnankul, H. Lin, K. Serita, C. M. Shah, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, M. Tonouchi, C. Fumeaux, and D. Abbott, “Sub-diffraction thin-film sensing with planar terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 20, 3345–3352 (2012).
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R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-q fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

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N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

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J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. E. Heyes, W. Withayachumnankul, N. K. Grady, D. R. Chowdhury, A. K. Azad, and H.-T. Chen, “Hybrid metasurface for ultra-broadband terahertz modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181108 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Z. Chen, Y. Gong, H. Dong, T. Notake, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz achromatic quarter wave plate: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Opt. Commun. 311, 1–5 (2013).
[Crossref]

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Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband plasmonic absorber for terahertz waves,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 376–380 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chowdhury, D. R.

J. E. Heyes, W. Withayachumnankul, N. K. Grady, D. R. Chowdhury, A. K. Azad, and H.-T. Chen, “Hybrid metasurface for ultra-broadband terahertz modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181108 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-q fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
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[Crossref]

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A. Ebrahimi, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, S. F. Al-Sarawi, and D. Abbott, “Second-order terahertz bandpass frequency selective surface with miniaturized elements,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5, 761–769 (2015).
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[Crossref]

W. S. L. Lee, K. Kaltenecker, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Walther, M. Bhaskaran, B. M. Fischer, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz near-field imaging of dielectric resonators,” Opt. Express 25, 3756–3764 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Headland, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, C. Fumeaux, and S. Sriram, “Terahertz magnetic mirror realized with dielectric resonator antennas,” Adv. Mater. 27, 7137–7144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Niu, A. Upadhyay, W. Withayachumnankul, D. Headland, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Polarization-dependent thin-film wire-grid reflectarray for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 031111 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz reflectarray as a polarizing beam splitter,” Opt. Express 22, 16148–16160 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance toward terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photon. 1, 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Klemm, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Efficiency and scalability of dielectric resonator antennas at optical frequencies,” IEEE Photon. J 6, 1–10 (2014).

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator nanoantennas at visible frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 1344–1352 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, B. S.-Y. Ung, H. Menekse, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Experimental demonstration of reflectarray antennas at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 2875–2889 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Withayachumnankul, H. Lin, K. Serita, C. M. Shah, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, M. Tonouchi, C. Fumeaux, and D. Abbott, “Sub-diffraction thin-film sensing with planar terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 20, 3345–3352 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
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N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
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Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband plasmonic absorber for terahertz waves,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 376–380 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181111 (2014).
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J. E. Heyes, W. Withayachumnankul, N. K. Grady, D. R. Chowdhury, A. K. Azad, and H.-T. Chen, “Hybrid metasurface for ultra-broadband terahertz modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181108 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
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Gu, J.

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

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D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Headland, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, C. Fumeaux, and S. Sriram, “Terahertz magnetic mirror realized with dielectric resonator antennas,” Adv. Mater. 27, 7137–7144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz reflectarray as a polarizing beam splitter,” Opt. Express 22, 16148–16160 (2014).
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L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
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W. S. L. Lee, S. Nirantar, D. Headland, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, C. Fumeaux, and W. Withayachumnankul, “Broadband terahertz circular-polarization beam splitter,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1700852 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Headland, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, C. Fumeaux, and S. Sriram, “Terahertz magnetic mirror realized with dielectric resonator antennas,” Adv. Mater. 27, 7137–7144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband plasmonic absorber for terahertz waves,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 376–380 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, A. Upadhyay, W. Withayachumnankul, D. Headland, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Polarization-dependent thin-film wire-grid reflectarray for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 031111 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

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J. E. Heyes, W. Withayachumnankul, N. K. Grady, D. R. Chowdhury, A. K. Azad, and H.-T. Chen, “Hybrid metasurface for ultra-broadband terahertz modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181108 (2014).
[Crossref]

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J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
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[Crossref]

W. S. L. Lee, K. Kaltenecker, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Walther, M. Bhaskaran, B. M. Fischer, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz near-field imaging of dielectric resonators,” Opt. Express 25, 3756–3764 (2017).
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C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. Zi, Q. Xu, Q. Wang, C. Tian, Y. Li, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz polarization converter based on all-dielectric high birefringence metamaterial with elliptical air holes,” Opt. Commun. 416, 130–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Mo, X. Wei, K. Wang, Y. Li, and J. Liu, “Ultrathin flexible terahertz polarization converter based on metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 24, 13621–13627 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Liu, J.

Lopez, A. G.

Lü, Z.

L. Sun, Z. Lü, D. Zhang, Z. Zhao, and J. Yuan, “Achromatic terahertz quarter-wave retarder in reflection mode,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 393–398 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luo, W.

S. Ma, X. Wang, W. Luo, S. Sun, Y. Zhang, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Ultra-wide band reflective metamaterial wave plates for terahertz waves,” Eur. Lett. 117, 37007 (2017).
[Crossref]

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S. Ma, X. Wang, W. Luo, S. Sun, Y. Zhang, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Ultra-wide band reflective metamaterial wave plates for terahertz waves,” Eur. Lett. 117, 37007 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 235503 (2015).
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C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 235503 (2015).
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L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Klemm, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Efficiency and scalability of dielectric resonator antennas at optical frequencies,” IEEE Photon. J 6, 1–10 (2014).

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator nanoantennas at visible frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 1344–1352 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband plasmonic absorber for terahertz waves,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 376–380 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

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W. S. L. Lee, S. Nirantar, D. Headland, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, C. Fumeaux, and W. Withayachumnankul, “Broadband terahertz circular-polarization beam splitter,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1700852 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. S. L. Lee, K. Kaltenecker, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Walther, M. Bhaskaran, B. M. Fischer, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz near-field imaging of dielectric resonators,” Opt. Express 25, 3756–3764 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Headland, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, C. Fumeaux, and S. Sriram, “Terahertz magnetic mirror realized with dielectric resonator antennas,” Adv. Mater. 27, 7137–7144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ebrahimi, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, S. F. Al-Sarawi, and D. Abbott, “Second-order terahertz bandpass frequency selective surface with miniaturized elements,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5, 761–769 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Nordin, G. P.

Notake, T.

Z. Han, S. Ohno, Y. Tokizane, K. Nawata, T. Notake, Y. Takida, and H. Minamide, “Thin terahertz-wave phase shifter by flexible film metamaterial with high transmission,” Opt. Express 25, 31186–31196 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, Y. Gong, H. Dong, T. Notake, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz achromatic quarter wave plate: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Opt. Commun. 311, 1–5 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ohno, S.

Ohtake, H.

Padilla, W. J.

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance toward terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photon. 1, 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

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P. Weis, O. Paul, C. Imhof, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, “Strongly birefringent metamaterials as negative index terahertz wave plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171104 (2009).
[Crossref]

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D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1019–1026 (2016).
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Qiu, C.-W.

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C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 235503 (2015).
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C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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P. Weis, O. Paul, C. Imhof, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, “Strongly birefringent metamaterials as negative index terahertz wave plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171104 (2009).
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J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
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Scherer, A.

Scherger, B.

Schwarz, J.

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1019–1026 (2016).
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Shah, C. M.

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance toward terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photon. 1, 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Klemm, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Efficiency and scalability of dielectric resonator antennas at optical frequencies,” IEEE Photon. J 6, 1–10 (2014).

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator nanoantennas at visible frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 1344–1352 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Withayachumnankul, H. Lin, K. Serita, C. M. Shah, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, M. Tonouchi, C. Fumeaux, and D. Abbott, “Sub-diffraction thin-film sensing with planar terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 20, 3345–3352 (2012).
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R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-q fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
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W. S. L. Lee, S. Nirantar, D. Headland, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, C. Fumeaux, and W. Withayachumnankul, “Broadband terahertz circular-polarization beam splitter,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1700852 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. S. L. Lee, K. Kaltenecker, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Walther, M. Bhaskaran, B. M. Fischer, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz near-field imaging of dielectric resonators,” Opt. Express 25, 3756–3764 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Headland, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, C. Fumeaux, and S. Sriram, “Terahertz magnetic mirror realized with dielectric resonator antennas,” Adv. Mater. 27, 7137–7144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ebrahimi, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, S. F. Al-Sarawi, and D. Abbott, “Second-order terahertz bandpass frequency selective surface with miniaturized elements,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5, 761–769 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband plasmonic absorber for terahertz waves,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 376–380 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, A. Upadhyay, W. Withayachumnankul, D. Headland, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Polarization-dependent thin-film wire-grid reflectarray for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 031111 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz reflectarray as a polarizing beam splitter,” Opt. Express 22, 16148–16160 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance toward terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photon. 1, 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Klemm, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Efficiency and scalability of dielectric resonator antennas at optical frequencies,” IEEE Photon. J 6, 1–10 (2014).

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator nanoantennas at visible frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 1344–1352 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, B. S.-Y. Ung, H. Menekse, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Experimental demonstration of reflectarray antennas at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 2875–2889 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Withayachumnankul, H. Lin, K. Serita, C. M. Shah, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, M. Tonouchi, C. Fumeaux, and D. Abbott, “Sub-diffraction thin-film sensing with planar terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 20, 3345–3352 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Sun, L.

L. Sun, Z. Lü, D. Zhang, Z. Zhao, and J. Yuan, “Achromatic terahertz quarter-wave retarder in reflection mode,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 393–398 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sun, P.-C.

Sun, S.

S. Ma, X. Wang, W. Luo, S. Sun, Y. Zhang, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Ultra-wide band reflective metamaterial wave plates for terahertz waves,” Eur. Lett. 117, 37007 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Taira, Y.

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N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
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N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
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J. Zi, Q. Xu, Q. Wang, C. Tian, Y. Li, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz polarization converter based on all-dielectric high birefringence metamaterial with elliptical air holes,” Opt. Commun. 416, 130–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tian, Y.

Tian, Z.

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tokizane, Y.

Tonouchi, M.

Tyan, R.-C.

Ung, B. S.-Y.

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance toward terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photon. 1, 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, B. S.-Y. Ung, H. Menekse, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Experimental demonstration of reflectarray antennas at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 2875–2889 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Upadhyay, A.

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband plasmonic absorber for terahertz waves,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 376–380 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, A. Upadhyay, W. Withayachumnankul, D. Headland, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Polarization-dependent thin-film wire-grid reflectarray for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 031111 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz reflectarray as a polarizing beam splitter,” Opt. Express 22, 16148–16160 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

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Wang, D.

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J. Zi, Q. Xu, Q. Wang, C. Tian, Y. Li, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz polarization converter based on all-dielectric high birefringence metamaterial with elliptical air holes,” Opt. Commun. 416, 130–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

S. Ma, X. Wang, W. Luo, S. Sun, Y. Zhang, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Ultra-wide band reflective metamaterial wave plates for terahertz waves,” Eur. Lett. 117, 37007 (2017).
[Crossref]

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Weis, P.

P. Weis, O. Paul, C. Imhof, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, “Strongly birefringent metamaterials as negative index terahertz wave plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Withayachumnankul, W.

W. S. L. Lee, S. Nirantar, D. Headland, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, C. Fumeaux, and W. Withayachumnankul, “Broadband terahertz circular-polarization beam splitter,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1700852 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. S. L. Lee, K. Kaltenecker, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Walther, M. Bhaskaran, B. M. Fischer, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz near-field imaging of dielectric resonators,” Opt. Express 25, 3756–3764 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Headland, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, C. Fumeaux, and S. Sriram, “Terahertz magnetic mirror realized with dielectric resonator antennas,” Adv. Mater. 27, 7137–7144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband plasmonic absorber for terahertz waves,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 376–380 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Ebrahimi, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, S. F. Al-Sarawi, and D. Abbott, “Second-order terahertz bandpass frequency selective surface with miniaturized elements,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5, 761–769 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, A. Upadhyay, W. Withayachumnankul, D. Headland, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Polarization-dependent thin-film wire-grid reflectarray for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 031111 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz reflectarray as a polarizing beam splitter,” Opt. Express 22, 16148–16160 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-q fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance toward terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photon. 1, 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. E. Heyes, W. Withayachumnankul, N. K. Grady, D. R. Chowdhury, A. K. Azad, and H.-T. Chen, “Hybrid metasurface for ultra-broadband terahertz modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181108 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Klemm, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Efficiency and scalability of dielectric resonator antennas at optical frequencies,” IEEE Photon. J 6, 1–10 (2014).

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator nanoantennas at visible frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 1344–1352 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, B. S.-Y. Ung, H. Menekse, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Experimental demonstration of reflectarray antennas at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 2875–2889 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Withayachumnankul, H. Lin, K. Serita, C. M. Shah, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, M. Tonouchi, C. Fumeaux, and D. Abbott, “Sub-diffraction thin-film sensing with planar terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 20, 3345–3352 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Withayachumnankul and D. Abbott, “Metamaterials in the terahertz regime,” IEEE Photonics J. 1, 99–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xia, R.

Xiao, S.

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, N.

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, Q.

J. Zi, Q. Xu, Q. Wang, C. Tian, Y. Li, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz polarization converter based on all-dielectric high birefringence metamaterial with elliptical air holes,” Opt. Commun. 416, 130–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yokoyama, H.

Yu, N.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, W.

Yuan, J.

L. Sun, Z. Lü, D. Zhang, Z. Zhao, and J. Yuan, “Achromatic terahertz quarter-wave retarder in reflection mode,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 393–398 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, Y.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zengerle, R.

C. Imhof and R. Zengerle, “Strong birefringence in left-handed metallic metamaterials,” Opt. Commun. 280, 213–216 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

L. Sun, Z. Lü, D. Zhang, Z. Zhao, and J. Yuan, “Achromatic terahertz quarter-wave retarder in reflection mode,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 393–398 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, W.

J. Zi, Q. Xu, Q. Wang, C. Tian, Y. Li, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz polarization converter based on all-dielectric high birefringence metamaterial with elliptical air holes,” Opt. Commun. 416, 130–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-q fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, J. Zhang, W. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy characterization of the far-infrared absorption and index of refraction of high-resistivity, float-zone silicon,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1379–1386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

J. Zi, Q. Xu, Q. Wang, C. Tian, Y. Li, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz polarization converter based on all-dielectric high birefringence metamaterial with elliptical air holes,” Opt. Commun. 416, 130–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, H. Tao, D. V. Pilon, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Comparison of birefringent electric split-ring resonator and meanderline structures as quarter-wave plates at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 17, 136–149 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

S. Ma, X. Wang, W. Luo, S. Sun, Y. Zhang, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Ultra-wide band reflective metamaterial wave plates for terahertz waves,” Eur. Lett. 117, 37007 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

L. Sun, Z. Lü, D. Zhang, Z. Zhao, and J. Yuan, “Achromatic terahertz quarter-wave retarder in reflection mode,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 393–398 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zheludev, N. I.

N. I. Zheludev and Y. S. Kivshar, “From metamaterials to metadevices,” Nat. Mater. 11, 917–924 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

S. Ma, X. Wang, W. Luo, S. Sun, Y. Zhang, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Ultra-wide band reflective metamaterial wave plates for terahertz waves,” Eur. Lett. 117, 37007 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zi, J.

J. Zi, Q. Xu, Q. Wang, C. Tian, Y. Li, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz polarization converter based on all-dielectric high birefringence metamaterial with elliptical air holes,” Opt. Commun. 416, 130–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zou, L.

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Klemm, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Efficiency and scalability of dielectric resonator antennas at optical frequencies,” IEEE Photon. J 6, 1–10 (2014).

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator nanoantennas at visible frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 1344–1352 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photon. (2)

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance toward terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photon. 1, 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

D. Headland, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, C. Fumeaux, and S. Sriram, “Terahertz magnetic mirror realized with dielectric resonator antennas,” Adv. Mater. 27, 7137–7144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (2)

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband plasmonic absorber for terahertz waves,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 376–380 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. S. L. Lee, S. Nirantar, D. Headland, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, C. Fumeaux, and W. Withayachumnankul, “Broadband terahertz circular-polarization beam splitter,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1700852 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Sun, Z. Lü, D. Zhang, Z. Zhao, and J. Yuan, “Achromatic terahertz quarter-wave retarder in reflection mode,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 393–398 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-q fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. E. Heyes, W. Withayachumnankul, N. K. Grady, D. R. Chowdhury, A. K. Azad, and H.-T. Chen, “Hybrid metasurface for ultra-broadband terahertz modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181108 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Weis, O. Paul, C. Imhof, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, “Strongly birefringent metamaterials as negative index terahertz wave plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171104 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, A. Upadhyay, W. Withayachumnankul, D. Headland, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Polarization-dependent thin-film wire-grid reflectarray for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 031111 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Eur. Lett. (1)

S. Ma, X. Wang, W. Luo, S. Sun, Y. Zhang, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Ultra-wide band reflective metamaterial wave plates for terahertz waves,” Eur. Lett. 117, 37007 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J (1)

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Klemm, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Efficiency and scalability of dielectric resonator antennas at optical frequencies,” IEEE Photon. J 6, 1–10 (2014).

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

W. Withayachumnankul and D. Abbott, “Metamaterials in the terahertz regime,” IEEE Photonics J. 1, 99–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. (1)

A. Ebrahimi, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, S. F. Al-Sarawi, and D. Abbott, “Second-order terahertz bandpass frequency selective surface with miniaturized elements,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5, 761–769 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. I. Zheludev and Y. S. Kivshar, “From metamaterials to metadevices,” Nat. Mater. 11, 917–924 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

J. B. Khurgin, “How to deal with the loss in plasmonics and metamaterials,” Nature 10, 2–6 (2015).

Opt. Commun. (3)

J. Zi, Q. Xu, Q. Wang, C. Tian, Y. Li, X. Zhang, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz polarization converter based on all-dielectric high birefringence metamaterial with elliptical air holes,” Opt. Commun. 416, 130–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, Y. Gong, H. Dong, T. Notake, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz achromatic quarter wave plate: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Opt. Commun. 311, 1–5 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Imhof and R. Zengerle, “Strong birefringence in left-handed metallic metamaterials,” Opt. Commun. 280, 213–216 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (13)

D. Wang, Y. Gu, Y. Gong, C.-W. Qiu, and M. Hong, “An ultrathin terahertz quarter-wave plate using planar babinet-inverted metasurface,” Opt. Express 23, 11114–11122 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, H. Tao, D. V. Pilon, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Comparison of birefringent electric split-ring resonator and meanderline structures as quarter-wave plates at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 17, 136–149 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Nakata, Y. Taira, T. Nakanishi, and F. Miyamaru, “Freestanding transparent terahertz half-wave plate using subwavelength cut-wire pairs,” Opt. Express 25, 2107–2114 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Mo, X. Wei, K. Wang, Y. Li, and J. Liu, “Ultrathin flexible terahertz polarization converter based on metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 24, 13621–13627 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Withayachumnankul, H. Lin, K. Serita, C. M. Shah, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, M. Tonouchi, C. Fumeaux, and D. Abbott, “Sub-diffraction thin-film sensing with planar terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 20, 3345–3352 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, B. S.-Y. Ung, H. Menekse, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Experimental demonstration of reflectarray antennas at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 2875–2889 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Scherger, M. Scheller, N. Vieweg, S. T. Cundiff, and M. Koch, “Paper terahertz wave plates,” Opt. Express 19, 24884–24889 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, P. Gutruf, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz reflectarray as a polarizing beam splitter,” Opt. Express 22, 16148–16160 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Han, S. Ohno, Y. Tokizane, K. Nawata, T. Notake, Y. Takida, and H. Minamide, “Thin terahertz-wave phase shifter by flexible film metamaterial with high transmission,” Opt. Express 25, 31186–31196 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Nagai, N. Mukai, Y. Minowa, M. Ashida, T. Suzuki, J. Takayanagi, and H. Ohtake, “Achromatic wave plate in thz frequency region based on parallel metal plate waveguides with a pillar array,” Opt. Express 23, 4641–4649 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. P. Nordin and P. C. Deguzman, “Broadband form birefringent quarter-wave plate for the mid-infrared wavelength region,” Opt. Express 5, 163–168 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator nanoantennas at visible frequencies,” Opt. Express 21, 1344–1352 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. S. L. Lee, K. Kaltenecker, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Walther, M. Bhaskaran, B. M. Fischer, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Terahertz near-field imaging of dielectric resonators,” Opt. Express 25, 3756–3764 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J. Huang and J. A. Encinar, Reflectarray antennas, vol. 30 (John Wiley & Sons, 2007).
[Crossref]

C. Balanis, Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design (Wiley, 1982).

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Unit cell design of the quarter-wave mirror. (a) Top view and (b) 3D schematic of the unit cell. The side walls of the resonator are defined by a sine function with its peak and trough aligned with wq2 and wq1, respectively. The dimensions are as follow: lq1 = 70 μm, lq2 = 50 μm, lq3 = 56 μm, wq1 = 25 μm, wq2 = 33 μm, tq = 50 μm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Scanning electron micrographs showing a section of the fabricated quarter-wave mirror from a (a) top view and (b) isometric view.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Reflection phase profiles of the quarter-wave mirror. The reflection phase responses for the orthogonal polarizations are shown in (a) and their corresponding phase difference is shown in (b). The markers indicate the resonance modes in the quarter-wave mirror.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Electric field distributions of the dielectric resonators in the quarter-wave mirror on resonance for (a) the y-polarization at 1.02 THz and (b) for the x-polarization at 1.70 THz where the wave is 45° incident in the xz plane. The rectangular boxes represent the resonators in their respective cut-plane view.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Reflection amplitude profiles of the quarter-wave mirror. The dashed lines indicate the simulated results while the solid lines indicate the measured results. Error ranges due to experimental tolerances are indicated with shaded regions.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Simulated and measured axial ratios of the quarter-wave mirror. The black dashed line marks the 3-dB threshold for circular polarization.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Unit cell design of the half-wave mirror. (a) Unit cell design and (b) 3D schematic of the original unit cell design. The modified array design consists of 14 identical unit cells as shown in (a), followed by an extra gap of 6 μm as indicated by the shaded area. The dimensions are as follow: lh = 76 μm, wh1 = 30 μm, wh2 = 16 μm, gh = 6 μm, th = 48 μm.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Simulated reflection phase profiles of the half-wave mirrors. Reflection phase responses of the two orthogonal polarizations for the (a) original uniform array and (b) the modified array. (c) The reflection phase difference between the two orthogonal polarizations. The markers in (a) and (b) indicate resonance modes of the half-wave mirrors.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Electric field distributions of the uniform dielectric resonator array of the half-wave mirror in their respective planes at the three resonances at (a) 0.77 THz, (b) 1.27 THz and (c) 1.78 THz. These figures are snapshots when the electric fields are at their maximum. The waves are y-polarized in (a–b) and x-polarized in (c) and the incident wave is at 45° in the xz plane. The rectangular boxes represent the resonators in their respective cut-plane view.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Scanning electron micrographs of a section of the half-wave mirror at isometric views. Blocks of 14 unit cells are shown in (a) and a closed up of the gap, which is indicated by an arrow, is shown in (b).
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Reflection amplitude profiles of the half-wave mirror at 45° incidence. Eco and Ecr correspond to the reflected +45° and −45° polarized waves respectively. The solid lines indicate measured results while the dashed lines indicate simulated results. Error ranges due to experimental tolerances are indicated with shaded regions.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Polarization conversion ratio of the half-wave mirror. This PCR is calculated from the amplitude responses in Fig. 11 by using Eq. 2.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Schematic of the experiment set-up.

Equations (2)

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A R = E xo 2 + E yo 2 + [ E xo 4 + E yo 4 + 2 E xo 2 E yo 2 cos ( 2 Δ ϕ ) ] 1 2 E xo 2 + E yo 2 [ E xo 4 + E yo 4 + 2 E xo 2 E yo 2 cos ( 2 Δ ϕ ) ] 1 2 ,
PCR = | E cr | 2 | E cr | 2 + | E co | 2

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