Abstract

We propose and demonstrate the operation of Q-switched mode-locked square-wave pulses in a thulium-holmium co-doped fiber laser. By using a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror, continuous square-wave dissipative soliton resonance pulse is obtained with 4.4 MHz repetition rate. With the increasing pump power, square-wave pulse duration can be broadened from 1.7 ns to 3.2 ns. On such basis Q-switched mode-locked operation is achieved by properly setting the pump power and the polarization controllers. The internal mode-locked pulses in Q-switched envelope still keep square-wave type. The Q-switched repetition rate can be varied from 41.6 kHz to 74 kHz by increasing pump power. The corresponding average single-pulse energy increases from 2.67 nJ to 5.2 nJ. The average peak power is also improved from 0.6 W to 1.1 W when continuous square-wave operation is changed into Q-switched mode-locked operation. It indicates that Q-switched mode-locked operation is an effective method to increase the square-wave pulse energy and peak power.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (2)

G. Semaan, A. Niang, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic dissipative soliton resonance square pulses in an anomalous dispersion passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14, 155401 (2017).

Q. Su, T. Wang, J. Zhang, W. Ma, P. Liu, Y. Su, and Q. Jia, “Dual square-wave pulse passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 56(17), 4934–4939 (2017).
[PubMed]

2016 (6)

2015 (6)

D. J. Li, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Shen, “Mechanism of dissipative-soliton-resonance generation in passively mode-locked all-normal-dispersion fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(18), 3781–3787 (2015).

X. D. Wang, N. Zhao, H. Liu, R. Tang, Y. F. Zhu, J. P. Xue, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Experimental investigation on Q-switching and Q-switched mode-locked operation in gold nanorods-based erbium-doped fiber laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(8), 0801401 (2015).

Y. Xu, Y. L. Song, G. G. Du, P. G. Yan, C. Y. Guo, G. L. Zheng, and S. C. Ruan, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber laser with net-normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(3), 1502007 (2015).

J. Liu, Y. Chen, P. Tang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Generation and evolution of mode-locked noise-like square-wave pulses in a large-anomalous-dispersion Er-doped ring fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(5), 6418–6427 (2015).
[PubMed]

T. Liu, D. Jia, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, and T. Yang, “Generation of microseconds-duration square pulses in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 356, 416–420 (2015).

N. Yang, C. Y. Huang, Y. L. Tang, and J. Q. Xu, “12nJ 2μm dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 055101 (2015).

2014 (1)

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, and X. W. Zheng, “Dual-Wavelength Harmonically Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Topological Insulator Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (4)

2008 (3)

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).

C. Theobald, M. Weitz, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Stable Q-switch mode-locking of Nd:YVO4 lasers with a semiconductor saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 1–3 (2008).

M. Li, S. Zhao, K. Yang, G. Li, D. Li, J. Wang, J. An, and W. Qiao, “Actively Q-switched and mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3), 288–293 (2008).

2007 (1)

J. H. Lin, K.-H. Lin, C. C. Hsu, W. H. Yang, and W.-F. Hsieh, “Supercontinuum generation in a microstructured optical fiber by picosecond self Q-switched mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(6), 413–417 (2007).

2006 (1)

1998 (1)

D. B. Mortimore, “Fiber loop reflectors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(7), 1217–1224 (1998).

1990 (1)

Akhmediev, N.

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).

An, J.

M. Li, S. Zhao, K. Yang, G. Li, D. Li, J. Wang, J. An, and W. Qiao, “Actively Q-switched and mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3), 288–293 (2008).

Andrés, M. V.

Ankiewicz, A.

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).

Bahloul, F.

Bao, Q.

H. Zhang, Q. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).

Ben Braham, F.

Can, X. T.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Can, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Chang, W.

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).

Chang, Y. M.

Chen, Y.

Cheng, K.

Cruz, J. L.

Cuadrado-Laborde, C.

Cui, H.

Cui, X. Q.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Can, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Díez, A.

Du, G. G.

Y. Xu, Y. L. Song, G. G. Du, P. G. Yan, C. Y. Guo, G. L. Zheng, and S. C. Ruan, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber laser with net-normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(3), 1502007 (2015).

Duan, L.

Fermann, M. E.

Guo, C. Y.

Y. Xu, Y. L. Song, G. G. Du, P. G. Yan, C. Y. Guo, G. L. Zheng, and S. C. Ruan, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber laser with net-normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(3), 1502007 (2015).

Haberl, F.

Hochreiter, H.

Hofer, M.

Hsieh, W.-F.

J. H. Lin, K.-H. Lin, C. C. Hsu, W. H. Yang, and W.-F. Hsieh, “Supercontinuum generation in a microstructured optical fiber by picosecond self Q-switched mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(6), 413–417 (2007).

Hsu, C. C.

J. H. Lin, K.-H. Lin, C. C. Hsu, W. H. Yang, and W.-F. Hsieh, “Supercontinuum generation in a microstructured optical fiber by picosecond self Q-switched mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(6), 413–417 (2007).

Hu, Z. A.

Huang, C. Y.

N. Yang, C. Y. Huang, Y. L. Tang, and J. Q. Xu, “12nJ 2μm dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 055101 (2015).

Huang, Y. Q.

Jabczynski, J.

Jia, D.

T. Liu, D. Jia, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, and T. Yang, “Generation of microseconds-duration square pulses in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 356, 416–420 (2015).

Jia, Q.

Kang, J. J.

Knappe, R.

C. Theobald, M. Weitz, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Stable Q-switch mode-locking of Nd:YVO4 lasers with a semiconductor saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 1–3 (2008).

Kwiatkowski, J.

L’Huillier, J. A.

C. Theobald, M. Weitz, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Stable Q-switch mode-locking of Nd:YVO4 lasers with a semiconductor saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 1–3 (2008).

Lee, C. K.

Lee, J.

Lee, J. H.

Li, C.

Li, D.

D. Li, L. Li, J. Zhou, L. Zhao, D. Tang, and D. Shen, “Characterization and compression of dissipative-soliton-resonance pulses in fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23631 (2016).
[PubMed]

S. Zhao, G. Li, D. Li, K. Yang, Y. Li, M. Li, T. Li, G. Zhang, and K. Cheng, “Numerical simulation of dual-loss-modulated Q-switched and mode-locked laser with an acousto-optic and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 49(10), 1802–1808 (2010).
[PubMed]

M. Li, S. Zhao, K. Yang, G. Li, D. Li, J. Wang, J. An, and W. Qiao, “Actively Q-switched and mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3), 288–293 (2008).

Li, D. J.

Li, G.

S. Zhao, G. Li, D. Li, K. Yang, Y. Li, M. Li, T. Li, G. Zhang, and K. Cheng, “Numerical simulation of dual-loss-modulated Q-switched and mode-locked laser with an acousto-optic and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 49(10), 1802–1808 (2010).
[PubMed]

M. Li, S. Zhao, K. Yang, G. Li, D. Li, J. Wang, J. An, and W. Qiao, “Actively Q-switched and mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3), 288–293 (2008).

Li, L.

D. Li, L. Li, J. Zhou, L. Zhao, D. Tang, and D. Shen, “Characterization and compression of dissipative-soliton-resonance pulses in fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23631 (2016).
[PubMed]

Li, M.

S. Zhao, G. Li, D. Li, K. Yang, Y. Li, M. Li, T. Li, G. Zhang, and K. Cheng, “Numerical simulation of dual-loss-modulated Q-switched and mode-locked laser with an acousto-optic and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 49(10), 1802–1808 (2010).
[PubMed]

M. Li, S. Zhao, K. Yang, G. Li, D. Li, J. Wang, J. An, and W. Qiao, “Actively Q-switched and mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3), 288–293 (2008).

Li, M. K.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Can, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Li, T.

Li, X.

Z. Yan, B. Sun, X. Li, J. Luo, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Widely tunable Tm-doped mode-locked all-fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27245 (2016).
[PubMed]

Li, Y.

Lin, G. R.

Lin, J. H.

J. H. Lin, K.-H. Lin, C. C. Hsu, W. H. Yang, and W.-F. Hsieh, “Supercontinuum generation in a microstructured optical fiber by picosecond self Q-switched mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(6), 413–417 (2007).

Lin, K. H.

Lin, K.-H.

J. H. Lin, K.-H. Lin, C. C. Hsu, W. H. Yang, and W.-F. Hsieh, “Supercontinuum generation in a microstructured optical fiber by picosecond self Q-switched mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(6), 413–417 (2007).

Liu, H.

X. D. Wang, N. Zhao, H. Liu, R. Tang, Y. F. Zhu, J. P. Xue, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Experimental investigation on Q-switching and Q-switched mode-locked operation in gold nanorods-based erbium-doped fiber laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(8), 0801401 (2015).

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, and X. W. Zheng, “Dual-Wavelength Harmonically Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Topological Insulator Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

Liu, J.

Liu, M.

J. Zhao, D. Ouyang, Z. Zheng, M. Liu, X. Ren, C. Li, S. Ruan, and W. Xie, “100 W dissipative soliton resonances from a thulium-doped double-clad all-fiber-format MOPA system,” Opt. Express 24(11), 12072–12081 (2016).
[PubMed]

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, and X. W. Zheng, “Dual-Wavelength Harmonically Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Topological Insulator Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

Liu, P.

Liu, T.

T. Liu, D. Jia, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, and T. Yang, “Generation of microseconds-duration square pulses in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 356, 416–420 (2015).

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

T. Liu, D. Jia, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, and T. Yang, “Generation of microseconds-duration square pulses in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 356, 416–420 (2015).

Loh, K.

H. Zhang, Q. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).

Lu, H.

D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and L. Duan, “Dual-wavelength step-like pulses in an ultra-large negative-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(5), 3996–4001 (2011).
[PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Can, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Luo, A. P.

Luo, J.

Z. Yan, B. Sun, X. Li, J. Luo, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Widely tunable Tm-doped mode-locked all-fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27245 (2016).
[PubMed]

Luo, Z. C.

Ma, W.

Mao, D.

D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and L. Duan, “Dual-wavelength step-like pulses in an ultra-large negative-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(5), 3996–4001 (2011).
[PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Can, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Meng, Y.

Mortimore, D. B.

D. B. Mortimore, “Fiber loop reflectors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(7), 1217–1224 (1998).

Niang, A.

G. Semaan, A. Niang, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic dissipative soliton resonance square pulses in an anomalous dispersion passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14, 155401 (2017).

Ouyang, D.

Qi, Y. L.

Qiao, W.

M. Li, S. Zhao, K. Yang, G. Li, D. Li, J. Wang, J. An, and W. Qiao, “Actively Q-switched and mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3), 288–293 (2008).

Ren, X.

Ruan, S.

Ruan, S. C.

Y. Xu, Y. L. Song, G. G. Du, P. G. Yan, C. Y. Guo, G. L. Zheng, and S. C. Ruan, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber laser with net-normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(3), 1502007 (2015).

Salhi, M.

G. Semaan, A. Niang, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic dissipative soliton resonance square pulses in an anomalous dispersion passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14, 155401 (2017).

G. Semaan, F. Ben Braham, M. Salhi, Y. Meng, F. Bahloul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy square-wave pulses in all anomalous dispersion Er:Yb passive mode locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8399–8404 (2016).
[PubMed]

Sanchez, F.

G. Semaan, A. Niang, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic dissipative soliton resonance square pulses in an anomalous dispersion passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14, 155401 (2017).

G. Semaan, F. Ben Braham, M. Salhi, Y. Meng, F. Bahloul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy square-wave pulses in all anomalous dispersion Er:Yb passive mode locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8399–8404 (2016).
[PubMed]

Semaan, G.

G. Semaan, A. Niang, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic dissipative soliton resonance square pulses in an anomalous dispersion passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14, 155401 (2017).

G. Semaan, F. Ben Braham, M. Salhi, Y. Meng, F. Bahloul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy square-wave pulses in all anomalous dispersion Er:Yb passive mode locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8399–8404 (2016).
[PubMed]

Shen, D.

D. Li, L. Li, J. Zhou, L. Zhao, D. Tang, and D. Shen, “Characterization and compression of dissipative-soliton-resonance pulses in fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23631 (2016).
[PubMed]

Shen, D. Y.

Shum, P. P.

Z. Yan, B. Sun, X. Li, J. Luo, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Widely tunable Tm-doped mode-locked all-fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27245 (2016).
[PubMed]

Song, Y. L.

Y. Xu, Y. L. Song, G. G. Du, P. G. Yan, C. Y. Guo, G. L. Zheng, and S. C. Ruan, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber laser with net-normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(3), 1502007 (2015).

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).

Su, Q.

Su, Y.

Sun, B.

Z. Yan, B. Sun, X. Li, J. Luo, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Widely tunable Tm-doped mode-locked all-fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27245 (2016).
[PubMed]

Tang, D.

D. Li, L. Li, J. Zhou, L. Zhao, D. Tang, and D. Shen, “Characterization and compression of dissipative-soliton-resonance pulses in fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23631 (2016).
[PubMed]

H. Zhang, Q. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).

Tang, D. Y.

Tang, P.

Tang, R.

X. D. Wang, N. Zhao, H. Liu, R. Tang, Y. F. Zhu, J. P. Xue, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Experimental investigation on Q-switching and Q-switched mode-locked operation in gold nanorods-based erbium-doped fiber laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(8), 0801401 (2015).

Tang, Y. L.

N. Yang, C. Y. Huang, Y. L. Tang, and J. Q. Xu, “12nJ 2μm dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 055101 (2015).

Theobald, C.

C. Theobald, M. Weitz, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Stable Q-switch mode-locking of Nd:YVO4 lasers with a semiconductor saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 1–3 (2008).

Wallenstein, R.

C. Theobald, M. Weitz, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Stable Q-switch mode-locking of Nd:YVO4 lasers with a semiconductor saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 1–3 (2008).

Wang, J.

M. Li, S. Zhao, K. Yang, G. Li, D. Li, J. Wang, J. An, and W. Qiao, “Actively Q-switched and mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3), 288–293 (2008).

Wang, L.

Wang, Q. J.

Z. Yan, B. Sun, X. Li, J. Luo, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Widely tunable Tm-doped mode-locked all-fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27245 (2016).
[PubMed]

Wang, T.

Wang, X. D.

X. D. Wang, N. Zhao, H. Liu, R. Tang, Y. F. Zhu, J. P. Xue, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Experimental investigation on Q-switching and Q-switched mode-locked operation in gold nanorods-based erbium-doped fiber laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(8), 0801401 (2015).

Wang, Z.

T. Liu, D. Jia, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, and T. Yang, “Generation of microseconds-duration square pulses in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 356, 416–420 (2015).

Weitz, M.

C. Theobald, M. Weitz, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Stable Q-switch mode-locking of Nd:YVO4 lasers with a semiconductor saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 1–3 (2008).

Wen, S.

Wu, H. H.

Wu, X.

Xie, W.

Xu, C.

Xu, J. Q.

N. Yang, C. Y. Huang, Y. L. Tang, and J. Q. Xu, “12nJ 2μm dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 055101 (2015).

Xu, W. C.

Xu, Y.

Y. Xu, Y. L. Song, G. G. Du, P. G. Yan, C. Y. Guo, G. L. Zheng, and S. C. Ruan, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber laser with net-normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(3), 1502007 (2015).

Xue, J. P.

X. D. Wang, N. Zhao, H. Liu, R. Tang, Y. F. Zhu, J. P. Xue, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Experimental investigation on Q-switching and Q-switched mode-locked operation in gold nanorods-based erbium-doped fiber laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(8), 0801401 (2015).

Yan, P. G.

Y. Xu, Y. L. Song, G. G. Du, P. G. Yan, C. Y. Guo, G. L. Zheng, and S. C. Ruan, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber laser with net-normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(3), 1502007 (2015).

Yan, Z.

Z. Yan, B. Sun, X. Li, J. Luo, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Widely tunable Tm-doped mode-locked all-fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27245 (2016).
[PubMed]

Yang, K.

S. Zhao, G. Li, D. Li, K. Yang, Y. Li, M. Li, T. Li, G. Zhang, and K. Cheng, “Numerical simulation of dual-loss-modulated Q-switched and mode-locked laser with an acousto-optic and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 49(10), 1802–1808 (2010).
[PubMed]

M. Li, S. Zhao, K. Yang, G. Li, D. Li, J. Wang, J. An, and W. Qiao, “Actively Q-switched and mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3), 288–293 (2008).

Yang, N.

N. Yang, C. Y. Huang, Y. L. Tang, and J. Q. Xu, “12nJ 2μm dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 055101 (2015).

Yang, T.

T. Liu, D. Jia, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, and T. Yang, “Generation of microseconds-duration square pulses in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 356, 416–420 (2015).

Yang, W. H.

J. H. Lin, K.-H. Lin, C. C. Hsu, W. H. Yang, and W.-F. Hsieh, “Supercontinuum generation in a microstructured optical fiber by picosecond self Q-switched mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(6), 413–417 (2007).

Yu, X.

Z. Yan, B. Sun, X. Li, J. Luo, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Widely tunable Tm-doped mode-locked all-fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27245 (2016).
[PubMed]

Zendzian, W.

Zhang, G.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, W. D.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Can, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Zhang, Y.

Z. Yan, B. Sun, X. Li, J. Luo, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Widely tunable Tm-doped mode-locked all-fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27245 (2016).
[PubMed]

Zhao, C.

Zhao, J.

Zhao, J. L.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Can, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Zhao, L.

D. Li, L. Li, J. Zhou, L. Zhao, D. Tang, and D. Shen, “Characterization and compression of dissipative-soliton-resonance pulses in fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23631 (2016).
[PubMed]

H. Zhang, Q. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, N.

X. D. Wang, N. Zhao, H. Liu, R. Tang, Y. F. Zhu, J. P. Xue, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Experimental investigation on Q-switching and Q-switched mode-locked operation in gold nanorods-based erbium-doped fiber laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(8), 0801401 (2015).

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, and X. W. Zheng, “Dual-Wavelength Harmonically Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Topological Insulator Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

Zhao, S.

S. Zhao, G. Li, D. Li, K. Yang, Y. Li, M. Li, T. Li, G. Zhang, and K. Cheng, “Numerical simulation of dual-loss-modulated Q-switched and mode-locked laser with an acousto-optic and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 49(10), 1802–1808 (2010).
[PubMed]

M. Li, S. Zhao, K. Yang, G. Li, D. Li, J. Wang, J. An, and W. Qiao, “Actively Q-switched and mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3), 288–293 (2008).

Zheng, G. L.

Y. Xu, Y. L. Song, G. G. Du, P. G. Yan, C. Y. Guo, G. L. Zheng, and S. C. Ruan, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber laser with net-normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(3), 1502007 (2015).

Zheng, X. W.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, and X. W. Zheng, “Dual-Wavelength Harmonically Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Topological Insulator Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

Zheng, Z.

Zhou, J.

D. Li, L. Li, J. Zhou, L. Zhao, D. Tang, and D. Shen, “Characterization and compression of dissipative-soliton-resonance pulses in fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23631 (2016).
[PubMed]

Zhu, Y. F.

X. D. Wang, N. Zhao, H. Liu, R. Tang, Y. F. Zhu, J. P. Xue, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Experimental investigation on Q-switching and Q-switched mode-locked operation in gold nanorods-based erbium-doped fiber laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(8), 0801401 (2015).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. Theobald, M. Weitz, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Stable Q-switch mode-locking of Nd:YVO4 lasers with a semiconductor saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 1–3 (2008).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Zhang, Q. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

X. D. Wang, N. Zhao, H. Liu, R. Tang, Y. F. Zhu, J. P. Xue, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Experimental investigation on Q-switching and Q-switched mode-locked operation in gold nanorods-based erbium-doped fiber laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(8), 0801401 (2015).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Li, S. Zhao, K. Yang, G. Li, D. Li, J. Wang, J. An, and W. Qiao, “Actively Q-switched and mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3), 288–293 (2008).

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

Y. Xu, Y. L. Song, G. G. Du, P. G. Yan, C. Y. Guo, G. L. Zheng, and S. C. Ruan, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber laser with net-normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(3), 1502007 (2015).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, and X. W. Zheng, “Dual-Wavelength Harmonically Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Topological Insulator Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Laser Phys. Lett. (3)

N. Yang, C. Y. Huang, Y. L. Tang, and J. Q. Xu, “12nJ 2μm dissipative soliton fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 055101 (2015).

G. Semaan, A. Niang, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic dissipative soliton resonance square pulses in an anomalous dispersion passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14, 155401 (2017).

J. H. Lin, K.-H. Lin, C. C. Hsu, W. H. Yang, and W.-F. Hsieh, “Supercontinuum generation in a microstructured optical fiber by picosecond self Q-switched mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(6), 413–417 (2007).

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Liu, D. Jia, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, and T. Yang, “Generation of microseconds-duration square pulses in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 356, 416–420 (2015).

Opt. Express (9)

G. Semaan, F. Ben Braham, M. Salhi, Y. Meng, F. Bahloul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy square-wave pulses in all anomalous dispersion Er:Yb passive mode locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8399–8404 (2016).
[PubMed]

Y. M. Chang, J. Lee, and J. H. Lee, “A Q-switched, mode-locked fiber laser employing subharmonic cavity modulation,” Opt. Express 19(27), 26627–26633 (2011).
[PubMed]

K. H. Lin, J. J. Kang, H. H. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Manipulation of operation states by polarization control in an erbium-doped fiber laser with a hybrid saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4806–4814 (2009).
[PubMed]

J. Jabczyński, W. Zendzian, and J. Kwiatkowski, “Q-switched mode locking with acousto-optic modulator in a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Express 14(6), 2184–2190 (2006).
[PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and L. Duan, “Dual-wavelength step-like pulses in an ultra-large negative-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(5), 3996–4001 (2011).
[PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. Chen, P. Tang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Generation and evolution of mode-locked noise-like square-wave pulses in a large-anomalous-dispersion Er-doped ring fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(5), 6418–6427 (2015).
[PubMed]

Y. Q. Huang, Y. L. Qi, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Versatile patterns of multiple rectangular noise-like pulses in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7356–7363 (2016).
[PubMed]

J. Zhao, D. Ouyang, Z. Zheng, M. Liu, X. Ren, C. Li, S. Ruan, and W. Xie, “100 W dissipative soliton resonances from a thulium-doped double-clad all-fiber-format MOPA system,” Opt. Express 24(11), 12072–12081 (2016).
[PubMed]

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, “Dissipative soliton resonance in an all-normal-dispersion erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5580–5584 (2009).
[PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).

Sci. Rep. (2)

D. Li, L. Li, J. Zhou, L. Zhao, D. Tang, and D. Shen, “Characterization and compression of dissipative-soliton-resonance pulses in fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23631 (2016).
[PubMed]

Z. Yan, B. Sun, X. Li, J. Luo, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Widely tunable Tm-doped mode-locked all-fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27245 (2016).
[PubMed]

Other (1)

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Can, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of Q-witched mode-locked DSR thulium-doped fiber laser, THDF: Thulium-holmium co-doped fiber, WDM: Wavelength division multiplexer, SMF: Single-mode fiber, PC: Polarization controller, PI-ISO: Polarization insensitive isolator, OC: Optical coupler, PD: Photodetector
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Continuous DSR operation (a) Single pulse variation (b) Pulse train (c) RF spectrum. Inset: Details of fundamental frequency RF spectrum (d) Optical spectrum
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Differences between square-wave DSR and NLP (a) Spectrum of DSR (b) Pulse profile of DSR (c) Spectrum of NLP (d) Pulse profile of NLP
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Q-switched mode-locked DSR operation (a) Oscilloscope trace of Q-switched mode-locked DSR envelopes. Inset: Single DSR pulse (b) Details of single a Q-switched mode-locked DSR envelope. Inset: Single mode-locked pulse (c) Corresponding RF spectrum. Inset: Details around fundamental frequency RF spectrum, (d) Corresponding optical spectrum
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Oscilloscope trace of Q-switched mode-locked DSR pulses, (a)-(f) Pulse train with an increasing pump2 power (a) 315mW (b) 397mW (c) 500mW (d) 630mW (e) 793mW (f) 1W
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Average output power as a function of pump2 power (b) Pulse duration as a function of pump2 power (c) Envelope width and pulse number in an envelope as a function of pump 2 power
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Energy characteristics of QML-DSR pulse and continuous DSR pulse, (a) Repetition rate and Q-switched envelope power as a function of pump2 power (b) Average single-pulse energy as a function of pump2 power (c) Average peak power as a function of pump2 power

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