Abstract

The phase-locking mechanism and results of a frequency comb based on a period-doubling mode-locked (PD-ML) fiber laser were investigated. A mode-locked fiber laser was designed to switch from fundamental mode locking (FML) to PD-ML with similar output pulses by simply changing the pump. Experimental results show that the new comb teeth generated in the PD-ML are strongly correlated with the original teeth and have a consistent carrier-envelope offset (CEO) frequency. Controlling the pump and cavity length is also suited for phase-locking the PD-ML laser. With the same f-to-2f heterodyne beat system and locking circuit, phase locking of both PD-ML and FML-based optical combs with two repetition rates, and switching between them, were obtained by changing the pump only.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (2)

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–7 (2017).

Q. Hao, Y. Wang, P. Luo, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Self-starting dropout-free harmonic mode-locked soliton fiber laser with a low timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 42(12), 2330–2333 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (5)

2015 (4)

L. C. Sinclair, J.-D. Deschênes, L. Sonderhouse, W. C. Swann, I. H. Khader, E. Baumann, N. R. Newbury, and I. Coddington, “Invited Article: A compact optically coherent fiber frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 081301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, W. Zou, G. Yang, and J. Chen, “Direct Generation of 148 nm and 44.6 fs Pulses in an Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 93–96 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, W. Li, D. Bai, X. Shen, K. Yang, X. Chen, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Self-Referenced f -to-2 f Beat Note of a Period-Doubling Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(5), 459–461 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, X. Xu, X. Hu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, L. Duan, W. Zhao, and Z. Cheng, “Environmental-adaptability analysis of an all polarization-maintaining fiber-based optical frequency comb,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17549–17559 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10−18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwave via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 55–57 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Z. Yang, J. F. Zhu, Z. D. Qiao, X. Y. Yan, and Y. C. Wang, “Periodic intensity variations on the pulse-train of a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3798–3802 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Ma, Y. Cai, C. Zhou, W. Zong, L. Chen, and Z. Zhang, “37.4 fs pulse generation in an Er:fiber laser at a 225 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2858–2860 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, and P. Delfyett, “Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(10), 103001 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

T. W. Hänsch, “Nobel lecture: passion for precision,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1297–1309 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. L. Hall, “Nobel Lecture: Defining and measuring optical frequencies,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1279–1295 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (5)

1991 (1)

Akhmediev, N.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Grapinet, P. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Bifurcations and multiple-period soliton pulsations in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(6), 066612 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Argence, B.

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10−18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bai, D.

J. Zhao, W. Li, D. Bai, X. Shen, K. Yang, X. Chen, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Self-Referenced f -to-2 f Beat Note of a Period-Doubling Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(5), 459–461 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, D. Bai, J. Zhao, X. Shen, Q. Ru, and H. Zeng, “Harmonic mode locking with reduced carrier-envelope phase noise in ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3021–3023 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baumann, E.

L. C. Sinclair, J.-D. Deschênes, L. Sonderhouse, W. C. Swann, I. H. Khader, E. Baumann, N. R. Newbury, and I. Coddington, “Invited Article: A compact optically coherent fiber frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 081301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bender, C. F.

Bergquist, J. C.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwave via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bernhardt, B.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 55–57 (2010).
[Crossref]

Botzer, B.

Cai, Y.

Chang, G.

Chen, H.-W.

Chen, J.

X. Li, W. Zou, G. Yang, and J. Chen, “Direct Generation of 148 nm and 44.6 fs Pulses in an Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 93–96 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Chen, X.

J. Zhao, W. Li, D. Bai, X. Shen, K. Yang, X. Chen, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Self-Referenced f -to-2 f Beat Note of a Period-Doubling Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(5), 459–461 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Z.

Coddington, I.

S. Droste, G. Ycas, B. R. Washburn, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical frequency comb generation based on erbium fiber lasers,” Nanophotonics 5(2), 196–213 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Coddington, N. Newbury, and W. Swann, “Dual-comb spectroscopy,” Optica 3(4), 414–426 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. C. Sinclair, J.-D. Deschênes, L. Sonderhouse, W. C. Swann, I. H. Khader, E. Baumann, N. R. Newbury, and I. Coddington, “Invited Article: A compact optically coherent fiber frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 081301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cox, J. A.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Delfyett, P.

F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, and P. Delfyett, “Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(10), 103001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Deschênes, J.-D.

N. B. Hébert, V. Michaud-Belleau, S. Magnan-Saucier, J.-D. Deschênes, and J. Genest, “Dual-comb spectroscopy with a phase-modulated probe comb for sub-MHz spectral sampling,” Opt. Lett. 41(10), 2282–2285 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. C. Sinclair, J.-D. Deschênes, L. Sonderhouse, W. C. Swann, I. H. Khader, E. Baumann, N. R. Newbury, and I. Coddington, “Invited Article: A compact optically coherent fiber frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 081301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

Ding, J.

J. Zhao, W. Li, D. Bai, X. Shen, K. Yang, X. Chen, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Self-Referenced f -to-2 f Beat Note of a Period-Doubling Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(5), 459–461 (2015).
[Crossref]

Droste, S.

S. Droste, G. Ycas, B. R. Washburn, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical frequency comb generation based on erbium fiber lasers,” Nanophotonics 5(2), 196–213 (2016).
[Crossref]

Duan, L.

Feder, K.

Feng, Y.

Fermann, M. E.

Fortier, T. M.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwave via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fox, R.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gee, S.

F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, and P. Delfyett, “Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(10), 103001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Genest, J.

Grapinet, M.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Grapinet, P. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Bifurcations and multiple-period soliton pulsations in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(6), 066612 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grelu, P.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Grapinet, P. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Bifurcations and multiple-period soliton pulsations in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(6), 066612 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guelachvili, G.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 55–57 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–7 (2017).

Hall, J. L.

J. L. Hall, “Nobel Lecture: Defining and measuring optical frequencies,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1279–1295 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 55–57 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. W. Hänsch, “Nobel lecture: passion for precision,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1297–1309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hao, Q.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–7 (2017).

Q. Hao, Y. Wang, P. Luo, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Self-starting dropout-free harmonic mode-locked soliton fiber laser with a low timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 42(12), 2330–2333 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haus, H. A.

Hébert, N. B.

Holzwarth, R.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 55–57 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hu, H.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–7 (2017).

Q. Hao, Y. Wang, P. Luo, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Self-starting dropout-free harmonic mode-locked soliton fiber laser with a low timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 42(12), 2330–2333 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, X.

Ippen, E. P.

Jacquet, P.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 55–57 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jacquey, M.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 55–57 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jiang, J.

Jiang, Y.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwave via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jørgensen, C.

Jørgensen, C. G.

Kärtner, F. X.

H.-W. Chen, G. Chang, S. Xu, Z. Yang, and F. X. Kärtner, “3 GHz, fundamentally mode-locked, femtosecond Yb-fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3522–3524 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Khader, I. H.

L. C. Sinclair, J.-D. Deschênes, L. Sonderhouse, W. C. Swann, I. H. Khader, E. Baumann, N. R. Newbury, and I. Coddington, “Invited Article: A compact optically coherent fiber frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 081301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

J. Kim and Y. Song, “Ultralow-noise mode-locked fiber lasers and frequency combs: principles, status, and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 465–540 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kirchner, M. S.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwave via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, Y.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 55–57 (2010).
[Crossref]

Komarov, A.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kuse, N.

Le Coq, Y.

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10−18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

Le Targat, R.

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10−18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

Leblond, H.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. C.

Lemke, N.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwave via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

J. Zhao, W. Li, D. Bai, X. Shen, K. Yang, X. Chen, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Self-Referenced f -to-2 f Beat Note of a Period-Doubling Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(5), 459–461 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, D. Bai, J. Zhao, X. Shen, Q. Ru, and H. Zeng, “Harmonic mode locking with reduced carrier-envelope phase noise in ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3021–3023 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

X. Li, W. Zou, G. Yang, and J. Chen, “Direct Generation of 148 nm and 44.6 fs Pulses in an Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 93–96 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, F.

Liu, T.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–7 (2017).

Liu, Y.

Ludlow, A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwave via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Luo, P.

Ma, D.

Magnan-Saucier, S.

Mahadevan, S.

Michaud-Belleau, V.

Newbury, N.

Newbury, N. R.

S. Droste, G. Ycas, B. R. Washburn, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical frequency comb generation based on erbium fiber lasers,” Nanophotonics 5(2), 196–213 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. C. Sinclair, J.-D. Deschênes, L. Sonderhouse, W. C. Swann, I. H. Khader, E. Baumann, N. R. Newbury, and I. Coddington, “Invited Article: A compact optically coherent fiber frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 081301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. R. Newbury and W. C. Swann, “Low-noise fiber-laser frequency combs,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1756–1770 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, “Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 29(3), 250–252 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nicholson, J.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nicolodi, D.

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10−18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

Oates, C. W.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwave via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Osterman, S.

Ozawa, A.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 55–57 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ozharar, S.

F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, and P. Delfyett, “Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(10), 103001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Picqué, N.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 55–57 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qiao, Z. D.

L. Z. Yang, J. F. Zhu, Z. D. Qiao, X. Y. Yan, and Y. C. Wang, “Periodic intensity variations on the pulse-train of a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3798–3802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Quinlan, F.

G. G. Ycas, F. Quinlan, S. A. Diddams, S. Osterman, S. Mahadevan, S. Redman, R. Terrien, L. Ramsey, C. F. Bender, B. Botzer, and S. Sigurdsson, “Demonstration of on-sky calibration of astronomical spectra using a 25 GHz near-IR laser frequency comb,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6631–6643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwave via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, and P. Delfyett, “Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(10), 103001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ramsey, L.

Redman, S.

Rosenband, T.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwave via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ru, Q.

Sanchez, F.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

Santarelli, G.

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10−18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schibli, T. R.

Shen, X.

J. Zhao, W. Li, D. Bai, X. Shen, K. Yang, X. Chen, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Self-Referenced f -to-2 f Beat Note of a Period-Doubling Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(5), 459–461 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, D. Bai, J. Zhao, X. Shen, Q. Ru, and H. Zeng, “Harmonic mode locking with reduced carrier-envelope phase noise in ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3021–3023 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shum, P.

B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, P. Shum, and H. Y. Tam, “Pulse-train nonuniformity in a fiber soliton ring laser modelocked by using the nonlinear polarization rotation technique,” Phys. Rev. A 69(4), 043808 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sigurdsson, S.

Sinclair, L. C.

L. C. Sinclair, J.-D. Deschênes, L. Sonderhouse, W. C. Swann, I. H. Khader, E. Baumann, N. R. Newbury, and I. Coddington, “Invited Article: A compact optically coherent fiber frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 081301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sonderhouse, L.

L. C. Sinclair, J.-D. Deschênes, L. Sonderhouse, W. C. Swann, I. H. Khader, E. Baumann, N. R. Newbury, and I. Coddington, “Invited Article: A compact optically coherent fiber frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 081301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Y.

J. Kim and Y. Song, “Ultralow-noise mode-locked fiber lasers and frequency combs: principles, status, and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 465–540 (2016).
[Crossref]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Grapinet, P. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Bifurcations and multiple-period soliton pulsations in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(6), 066612 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Swann, W.

Swann, W. C.

L. C. Sinclair, J.-D. Deschênes, L. Sonderhouse, W. C. Swann, I. H. Khader, E. Baumann, N. R. Newbury, and I. Coddington, “Invited Article: A compact optically coherent fiber frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 081301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. R. Newbury and W. C. Swann, “Low-noise fiber-laser frequency combs,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1756–1770 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tam, H. Y.

B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, P. Shum, and H. Y. Tam, “Pulse-train nonuniformity in a fiber soliton ring laser modelocked by using the nonlinear polarization rotation technique,” Phys. Rev. A 69(4), 043808 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, P. Shum, and H. Y. Tam, “Pulse-train nonuniformity in a fiber soliton ring laser modelocked by using the nonlinear polarization rotation technique,” Phys. Rev. A 69(4), 043808 (2004).
[Crossref]

Taylor, J.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwave via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Terrien, R.

Udem, Th.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 55–57 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Wang, Y. C.

L. Z. Yang, J. F. Zhu, Z. D. Qiao, X. Y. Yan, and Y. C. Wang, “Periodic intensity variations on the pulse-train of a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3798–3802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Washburn, B.

Washburn, B. R.

S. Droste, G. Ycas, B. R. Washburn, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical frequency comb generation based on erbium fiber lasers,” Nanophotonics 5(2), 196–213 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, “Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 29(3), 250–252 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Westbrook, P.

Xu, S.

Xu, X.

Yan, M.

Yan, M. F.

Yan, X. Y.

L. Z. Yang, J. F. Zhu, Z. D. Qiao, X. Y. Yan, and Y. C. Wang, “Periodic intensity variations on the pulse-train of a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3798–3802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yang, G.

X. Li, W. Zou, G. Yang, and J. Chen, “Direct Generation of 148 nm and 44.6 fs Pulses in an Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 93–96 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, K.

J. Zhao, W. Li, D. Bai, X. Shen, K. Yang, X. Chen, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Self-Referenced f -to-2 f Beat Note of a Period-Doubling Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(5), 459–461 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, D. Bai, J. Zhao, X. Shen, Q. Ru, and H. Zeng, “Harmonic mode locking with reduced carrier-envelope phase noise in ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3021–3023 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, L. Z.

L. Z. Yang, J. F. Zhu, Z. D. Qiao, X. Y. Yan, and Y. C. Wang, “Periodic intensity variations on the pulse-train of a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3798–3802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yang, S.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–7 (2017).

Yang, Z.

Ycas, G.

S. Droste, G. Ycas, B. R. Washburn, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical frequency comb generation based on erbium fiber lasers,” Nanophotonics 5(2), 196–213 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ycas, G. G.

Zeng, H.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–7 (2017).

Q. Hao, Y. Wang, P. Luo, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Self-starting dropout-free harmonic mode-locked soliton fiber laser with a low timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 42(12), 2330–2333 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhao, W. Li, D. Bai, X. Shen, K. Yang, X. Chen, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Self-Referenced f -to-2 f Beat Note of a Period-Doubling Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(5), 459–461 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, D. Bai, J. Zhao, X. Shen, Q. Ru, and H. Zeng, “Harmonic mode locking with reduced carrier-envelope phase noise in ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3021–3023 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

Y. Feng, X. Xu, X. Hu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, L. Duan, W. Zhao, and Z. Cheng, “Environmental-adaptability analysis of an all polarization-maintaining fiber-based optical frequency comb,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17549–17559 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10−18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, B.

L. Zhao, D. Tang, F. Lin, and B. Zhao, “Observation of period-doubling bifurcations in a femtosecond fiber soliton laser with dispersion management cavity,” Opt. Express 12(19), 4573–4578 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, P. Shum, and H. Y. Tam, “Pulse-train nonuniformity in a fiber soliton ring laser modelocked by using the nonlinear polarization rotation technique,” Phys. Rev. A 69(4), 043808 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

J. Zhao, W. Li, D. Bai, X. Shen, K. Yang, X. Chen, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Self-Referenced f -to-2 f Beat Note of a Period-Doubling Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(5), 459–461 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Yan, W. Li, K. Yang, D. Bai, J. Zhao, X. Shen, Q. Ru, and H. Zeng, “Harmonic mode locking with reduced carrier-envelope phase noise in ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3021–3023 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, L.

Zhao, L. M.

B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, P. Shum, and H. Y. Tam, “Pulse-train nonuniformity in a fiber soliton ring laser modelocked by using the nonlinear polarization rotation technique,” Phys. Rev. A 69(4), 043808 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhao, W.

Zhou, C.

Zhu, J. F.

L. Z. Yang, J. F. Zhu, Z. D. Qiao, X. Y. Yan, and Y. C. Wang, “Periodic intensity variations on the pulse-train of a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3798–3802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zong, W.

Zou, W.

X. Li, W. Zou, G. Yang, and J. Chen, “Direct Generation of 148 nm and 44.6 fs Pulses in an Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 93–96 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

J. Kim and Y. Song, “Ultralow-noise mode-locked fiber lasers and frequency combs: principles, status, and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(3), 465–540 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–7 (2017).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

X. Li, W. Zou, G. Yang, and J. Chen, “Direct Generation of 148 nm and 44.6 fs Pulses in an Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 93–96 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, W. Li, D. Bai, X. Shen, K. Yang, X. Chen, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Self-Referenced f -to-2 f Beat Note of a Period-Doubling Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(5), 459–461 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, and P. Delfyett, “Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(10), 103001 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nanophotonics (1)

S. Droste, G. Ycas, B. R. Washburn, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical frequency comb generation based on erbium fiber lasers,” Nanophotonics 5(2), 196–213 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (4)

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 55–57 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwave via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10−18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Z. Yang, J. F. Zhu, Z. D. Qiao, X. Y. Yan, and Y. C. Wang, “Periodic intensity variations on the pulse-train of a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3798–3802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, P. Shum, and H. Y. Tam, “Pulse-train nonuniformity in a fiber soliton ring laser modelocked by using the nonlinear polarization rotation technique,” Phys. Rev. A 69(4), 043808 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Grapinet, P. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Bifurcations and multiple-period soliton pulsations in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(6), 066612 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

T. W. Hänsch, “Nobel lecture: passion for precision,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1297–1309 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. L. Hall, “Nobel Lecture: Defining and measuring optical frequencies,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1279–1295 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

L. C. Sinclair, J.-D. Deschênes, L. Sonderhouse, W. C. Swann, I. H. Khader, E. Baumann, N. R. Newbury, and I. Coddington, “Invited Article: A compact optically coherent fiber frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(8), 081301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of Er-doped fiber optical frequency comb. Col: collimator; Q: quarter-wave plate; H: half-wave plate; PBS: polarization beam splitter; PZT: piezoelectric transducer; ISO: fiber optic isolator; Hybrid: integrated WDM-ISO; M: folded mirror; OC: fused fiber coupler; CPA: chirped pulse amplifier; HNLF: highly nonlinear fiber; L: lens; PPLN: periodically poled lithium niobate; BPF: band pass filter; PD: photodetector; FROG: frequency-resolved optical gating; OSA: optical spectrum analyzer; OFS: OFS-980 fiber.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Measured pulse train and (b) RF spectrum in PD-ML state.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Measured output spectra and (b) pulse widths for FML (red) and PD-ML (blue) states.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Recorded residual fluctuation of (a) phase-locked f r and (b) f r /2 signals with 1-s gate time in PD-ML state.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) RF spectrum of f 0 beat signal in PD-ML state with RBW of 300 kHz and (b) recorded residual fluctuation of phase-locked f 0 signal with 1-s gate time.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 RF spectrum of heterodyne beat detection between PD-ML laser and 1550-nm CW laser with 300-kHz RBW.

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