Abstract

Sensitivity of magnetometers that use color centers is limited by poor photon-collection and detection efficiency. In this paper, we present the details of a newly developed all-optical collection combined frequency-modulated microwave method. The proposed method achieves a high sensitivity in static magnetic-field detection both theoretically and experimentally. First, we demonstrate that this collection technique enables both a fluorescence collection as high as 40% and an efficient pump absorption. Subsequently, we exploit the optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) signal and quantitative magnetic detection of an ensemble of nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers, by applying a frequency-modulated (FM) microwave method followed by a lock-in technique on the resonance frequency point. Based on the results obtained using all-optical collection combined FM microwaves, we verified that the sensitivity of the magnetometer can achieve approximately 14 nT/√Hz at 1 Hz, using a discrete Fourier transform detection method experimentally. This method provides a compact and portable precision-sensor platform for measuring magnetic fields, and is of interest for fundamental studies in spintronics.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. Y. Doi, T. Fukui, H. Kato, T. Makino, S. Yamasaki, T. Tashima, H. Morishita, S. Miwa, F. Jelezko, Y. Suzuki, and N. Mizuochi, “Pure negatively charged state of the NV center in n -type diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 93(8), 7185 (2016).
    [Crossref]
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2018 (1)

S. Zhang, Z. Ma, L. Qin, Y. Fu, Y. Shi, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence detection using novel optical waveguide device with high collection efficiency on assembly of NV centres,” Appl. Phys. Express 11, 013007 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

F. Wang, Z. Ma, M. Zhao, Z. Lin, S. Zhang, Z. Qu, and J. Liu, “Spectral Characteristics and Concentration Quantitative Analysis of NV Center Ensembles in Diamond,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 37, 1477–1481 (2017).

2016 (2)

Y. Doi, T. Fukui, H. Kato, T. Makino, S. Yamasaki, T. Tashima, H. Morishita, S. Miwa, F. Jelezko, Y. Suzuki, and N. Mizuochi, “Pure negatively charged state of the NV center in n -type diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 93(8), 7185 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Jeske, J. H. Cole, and A. D. Greentree, “Laser threshold magnetometry,” New J. Phys. 18(1), 013015 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

T. Wolf, P. Neumann, K. Nakamura, H. Sumiya, T. Ohshima, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “Subpicotesla Diamond Magnetometry,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041001 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

K. Jensen, N. Leefer, A. Jarmola, Y. Dumeige, V. M. Acosta, P. Kehayias, B. Patton, and D. Budker, “Cavity-enhanced room-temperature magnetometry using absorption by nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(16), 160802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Doherty, V. V. Struzhkin, D. A. Simpson, L. P. McGuinness, Y. Meng, A. Stacey, T. J. Karle, R. J. Hemley, N. B. Manson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and S. Prawer, “Electronic Properties and Metrology Applications of the Diamond NV- Center Under Pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Clevenson, M. E. Trusheim, C. Teale, T. Schröder, D. Braje, and D. Englund, “Broadband magnetometry and temperature sensing with a light-trapping diamond waveguide,” Nat. Phys. 11(5), 393–397 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (7)

A. Ajoy and P. Cappellaro, “Quantum simulation via filtered Hamiltonian engineering: application to perfect quantum transport in spin networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(22), 220503 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Hodges, N. Y. Yao, D. Maclaurin, C. Rastogi, M. D. Lukin, and D. Englund, “Timekeeping with electron spin states in diamond,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 032118 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Bar-Gill, L. M. Pham, A. Jarmola, D. Budker, and R. L. Walsworth, “Solid-state electronic spin coherence time approaching one second,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1743 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Fang, V. M. Acosta, C. Santori, Z. Huang, K. M. Itoh, H. Watanabe, S. Shikata, and R. G. Beausoleil, “High-sensitivity magnetometry based on quantum beats in diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(13), 130802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Kucsko, P. C. Maurer, N. Y. Yao, M. Kubo, H. J. Noh, P. K. Lo, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanometre-scale thermometry in a living cell,” Nature 500(7460), 54–58 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. D. Aiello, M. Hirose, and P. Cappellaro, “Composite-pulse magnetometry with a solid-state quantum sensor,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1419 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

D. Le Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bar-Gill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85(12), 121202 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. L. Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bargill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 449 (2012).

2011 (2)

R. S. Schoenfeld and W. Harneit, “Real time magnetic field sensing and imaging using a single spin in diamond,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(3), 030802 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nobauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

V. Acosta, E. Bauch, A. Jarmola, L. J. Zipp, M. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Broadband magnetometry by infrared-absorption detection of nitrogen-vacancy ensembles in diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(17), 174104 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. D. Lange, Z. H. Wang, D. Ristè, V. V. Dobrovitski, and R. Hanson, “Universal dynamical decoupling of a single solid-state spin from a spin bath,” Science 330(6000), 60–63 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. M. Acosta, E. Bauch, M. P. Ledbetter, C. Santori, K. M. C. Fu, P. E. Barclay, R. G. Beausoleil, H. Linget, J. F. Roch, F. Treussart, S. Chemerisov, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker, “High nitrogen-vacancy density diamonds for magnetometry applications,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 115202 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Achard, J.

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Acosta, V.

V. Acosta, E. Bauch, A. Jarmola, L. J. Zipp, M. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Broadband magnetometry by infrared-absorption detection of nitrogen-vacancy ensembles in diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(17), 174104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Acosta, V. M.

K. Jensen, N. Leefer, A. Jarmola, Y. Dumeige, V. M. Acosta, P. Kehayias, B. Patton, and D. Budker, “Cavity-enhanced room-temperature magnetometry using absorption by nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(16), 160802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Fang, V. M. Acosta, C. Santori, Z. Huang, K. M. Itoh, H. Watanabe, S. Shikata, and R. G. Beausoleil, “High-sensitivity magnetometry based on quantum beats in diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(13), 130802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. M. Acosta, E. Bauch, M. P. Ledbetter, C. Santori, K. M. C. Fu, P. E. Barclay, R. G. Beausoleil, H. Linget, J. F. Roch, F. Treussart, S. Chemerisov, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker, “High nitrogen-vacancy density diamonds for magnetometry applications,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 115202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aiello, C. D.

C. D. Aiello, M. Hirose, and P. Cappellaro, “Composite-pulse magnetometry with a solid-state quantum sensor,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1419 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ajoy, A.

A. Ajoy and P. Cappellaro, “Quantum simulation via filtered Hamiltonian engineering: application to perfect quantum transport in spin networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(22), 220503 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balasubramanian, G.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nobauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barclay, P. E.

V. M. Acosta, E. Bauch, M. P. Ledbetter, C. Santori, K. M. C. Fu, P. E. Barclay, R. G. Beausoleil, H. Linget, J. F. Roch, F. Treussart, S. Chemerisov, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker, “High nitrogen-vacancy density diamonds for magnetometry applications,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 115202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bargill, N.

D. L. Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bargill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 449 (2012).

Bar-Gill, N.

N. Bar-Gill, L. M. Pham, A. Jarmola, D. Budker, and R. L. Walsworth, “Solid-state electronic spin coherence time approaching one second,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1743 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Le Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bar-Gill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85(12), 121202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bauch, E.

V. Acosta, E. Bauch, A. Jarmola, L. J. Zipp, M. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Broadband magnetometry by infrared-absorption detection of nitrogen-vacancy ensembles in diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(17), 174104 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. M. Acosta, E. Bauch, M. P. Ledbetter, C. Santori, K. M. C. Fu, P. E. Barclay, R. G. Beausoleil, H. Linget, J. F. Roch, F. Treussart, S. Chemerisov, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker, “High nitrogen-vacancy density diamonds for magnetometry applications,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 115202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Beausoleil, R. G.

K. Fang, V. M. Acosta, C. Santori, Z. Huang, K. M. Itoh, H. Watanabe, S. Shikata, and R. G. Beausoleil, “High-sensitivity magnetometry based on quantum beats in diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(13), 130802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. M. Acosta, E. Bauch, M. P. Ledbetter, C. Santori, K. M. C. Fu, P. E. Barclay, R. G. Beausoleil, H. Linget, J. F. Roch, F. Treussart, S. Chemerisov, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker, “High nitrogen-vacancy density diamonds for magnetometry applications,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 115202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Beck, J.

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belthangady, C.

D. L. Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bargill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 449 (2012).

D. Le Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bar-Gill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85(12), 121202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Braje, D.

H. Clevenson, M. E. Trusheim, C. Teale, T. Schröder, D. Braje, and D. Englund, “Broadband magnetometry and temperature sensing with a light-trapping diamond waveguide,” Nat. Phys. 11(5), 393–397 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brunner, A.

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Budker, D.

K. Jensen, N. Leefer, A. Jarmola, Y. Dumeige, V. M. Acosta, P. Kehayias, B. Patton, and D. Budker, “Cavity-enhanced room-temperature magnetometry using absorption by nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(16), 160802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bar-Gill, L. M. Pham, A. Jarmola, D. Budker, and R. L. Walsworth, “Solid-state electronic spin coherence time approaching one second,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1743 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Acosta, E. Bauch, A. Jarmola, L. J. Zipp, M. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Broadband magnetometry by infrared-absorption detection of nitrogen-vacancy ensembles in diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(17), 174104 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. M. Acosta, E. Bauch, M. P. Ledbetter, C. Santori, K. M. C. Fu, P. E. Barclay, R. G. Beausoleil, H. Linget, J. F. Roch, F. Treussart, S. Chemerisov, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker, “High nitrogen-vacancy density diamonds for magnetometry applications,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 115202 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

Burk, C.

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cappellaro, P.

A. Ajoy and P. Cappellaro, “Quantum simulation via filtered Hamiltonian engineering: application to perfect quantum transport in spin networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(22), 220503 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. D. Aiello, M. Hirose, and P. Cappellaro, “Composite-pulse magnetometry with a solid-state quantum sensor,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1419 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chemerisov, S.

V. M. Acosta, E. Bauch, M. P. Ledbetter, C. Santori, K. M. C. Fu, P. E. Barclay, R. G. Beausoleil, H. Linget, J. F. Roch, F. Treussart, S. Chemerisov, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker, “High nitrogen-vacancy density diamonds for magnetometry applications,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 115202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Childress, L.

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

Clevenson, H.

H. Clevenson, M. E. Trusheim, C. Teale, T. Schröder, D. Braje, and D. Englund, “Broadband magnetometry and temperature sensing with a light-trapping diamond waveguide,” Nat. Phys. 11(5), 393–397 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cole, J. H.

J. Jeske, J. H. Cole, and A. D. Greentree, “Laser threshold magnetometry,” New J. Phys. 18(1), 013015 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dobrovitski, V. V.

G. D. Lange, Z. H. Wang, D. Ristè, V. V. Dobrovitski, and R. Hanson, “Universal dynamical decoupling of a single solid-state spin from a spin bath,” Science 330(6000), 60–63 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doherty, M. W.

M. W. Doherty, V. V. Struzhkin, D. A. Simpson, L. P. McGuinness, Y. Meng, A. Stacey, T. J. Karle, R. J. Hemley, N. B. Manson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and S. Prawer, “Electronic Properties and Metrology Applications of the Diamond NV- Center Under Pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nobauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Doi, Y.

Y. Doi, T. Fukui, H. Kato, T. Makino, S. Yamasaki, T. Tashima, H. Morishita, S. Miwa, F. Jelezko, Y. Suzuki, and N. Mizuochi, “Pure negatively charged state of the NV center in n -type diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 93(8), 7185 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dolde, F.

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nobauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dumeige, Y.

K. Jensen, N. Leefer, A. Jarmola, Y. Dumeige, V. M. Acosta, P. Kehayias, B. Patton, and D. Budker, “Cavity-enhanced room-temperature magnetometry using absorption by nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(16), 160802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dutt, M. V. G.

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Englund, D.

H. Clevenson, M. E. Trusheim, C. Teale, T. Schröder, D. Braje, and D. Englund, “Broadband magnetometry and temperature sensing with a light-trapping diamond waveguide,” Nat. Phys. 11(5), 393–397 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. S. Hodges, N. Y. Yao, D. Maclaurin, C. Rastogi, M. D. Lukin, and D. Englund, “Timekeeping with electron spin states in diamond,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 032118 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fang, K.

K. Fang, V. M. Acosta, C. Santori, Z. Huang, K. M. Itoh, H. Watanabe, S. Shikata, and R. G. Beausoleil, “High-sensitivity magnetometry based on quantum beats in diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(13), 130802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedder, H.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nobauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fu, K. M. C.

V. M. Acosta, E. Bauch, M. P. Ledbetter, C. Santori, K. M. C. Fu, P. E. Barclay, R. G. Beausoleil, H. Linget, J. F. Roch, F. Treussart, S. Chemerisov, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker, “High nitrogen-vacancy density diamonds for magnetometry applications,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 115202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fu, Y.

S. Zhang, Z. Ma, L. Qin, Y. Fu, Y. Shi, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence detection using novel optical waveguide device with high collection efficiency on assembly of NV centres,” Appl. Phys. Express 11, 013007 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fukui, T.

Y. Doi, T. Fukui, H. Kato, T. Makino, S. Yamasaki, T. Tashima, H. Morishita, S. Miwa, F. Jelezko, Y. Suzuki, and N. Mizuochi, “Pure negatively charged state of the NV center in n -type diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 93(8), 7185 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gawlik, W.

V. M. Acosta, E. Bauch, M. P. Ledbetter, C. Santori, K. M. C. Fu, P. E. Barclay, R. G. Beausoleil, H. Linget, J. F. Roch, F. Treussart, S. Chemerisov, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker, “High nitrogen-vacancy density diamonds for magnetometry applications,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 115202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Greentree, A. D.

J. Jeske, J. H. Cole, and A. D. Greentree, “Laser threshold magnetometry,” New J. Phys. 18(1), 013015 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hanson, R.

G. D. Lange, Z. H. Wang, D. Ristè, V. V. Dobrovitski, and R. Hanson, “Universal dynamical decoupling of a single solid-state spin from a spin bath,” Science 330(6000), 60–63 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harneit, W.

R. S. Schoenfeld and W. Harneit, “Real time magnetic field sensing and imaging using a single spin in diamond,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(3), 030802 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hemley, R. J.

M. W. Doherty, V. V. Struzhkin, D. A. Simpson, L. P. McGuinness, Y. Meng, A. Stacey, T. J. Karle, R. J. Hemley, N. B. Manson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and S. Prawer, “Electronic Properties and Metrology Applications of the Diamond NV- Center Under Pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hemmer, P. R.

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hirose, M.

C. D. Aiello, M. Hirose, and P. Cappellaro, “Composite-pulse magnetometry with a solid-state quantum sensor,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1419 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hodges, J. S.

J. S. Hodges, N. Y. Yao, D. Maclaurin, C. Rastogi, M. D. Lukin, and D. Englund, “Timekeeping with electron spin states in diamond,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 032118 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hollenberg, L. C. L.

M. W. Doherty, V. V. Struzhkin, D. A. Simpson, L. P. McGuinness, Y. Meng, A. Stacey, T. J. Karle, R. J. Hemley, N. B. Manson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and S. Prawer, “Electronic Properties and Metrology Applications of the Diamond NV- Center Under Pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nobauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Honert, J.

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, S.

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Z.

K. Fang, V. M. Acosta, C. Santori, Z. Huang, K. M. Itoh, H. Watanabe, S. Shikata, and R. G. Beausoleil, “High-sensitivity magnetometry based on quantum beats in diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(13), 130802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Isoya, J.

T. Wolf, P. Neumann, K. Nakamura, H. Sumiya, T. Ohshima, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “Subpicotesla Diamond Magnetometry,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041001 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Itoh, K. M.

K. Fang, V. M. Acosta, C. Santori, Z. Huang, K. M. Itoh, H. Watanabe, S. Shikata, and R. G. Beausoleil, “High-sensitivity magnetometry based on quantum beats in diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(13), 130802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacques, V.

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jakobi, I.

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jarmola, A.

K. Jensen, N. Leefer, A. Jarmola, Y. Dumeige, V. M. Acosta, P. Kehayias, B. Patton, and D. Budker, “Cavity-enhanced room-temperature magnetometry using absorption by nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(16), 160802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bar-Gill, L. M. Pham, A. Jarmola, D. Budker, and R. L. Walsworth, “Solid-state electronic spin coherence time approaching one second,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1743 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Acosta, E. Bauch, A. Jarmola, L. J. Zipp, M. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Broadband magnetometry by infrared-absorption detection of nitrogen-vacancy ensembles in diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(17), 174104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jelezko, F.

Y. Doi, T. Fukui, H. Kato, T. Makino, S. Yamasaki, T. Tashima, H. Morishita, S. Miwa, F. Jelezko, Y. Suzuki, and N. Mizuochi, “Pure negatively charged state of the NV center in n -type diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 93(8), 7185 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nobauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jensen, K.

K. Jensen, N. Leefer, A. Jarmola, Y. Dumeige, V. M. Acosta, P. Kehayias, B. Patton, and D. Budker, “Cavity-enhanced room-temperature magnetometry using absorption by nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(16), 160802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeske, J.

J. Jeske, J. H. Cole, and A. D. Greentree, “Laser threshold magnetometry,” New J. Phys. 18(1), 013015 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jiang, L.

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

Karle, T. J.

M. W. Doherty, V. V. Struzhkin, D. A. Simpson, L. P. McGuinness, Y. Meng, A. Stacey, T. J. Karle, R. J. Hemley, N. B. Manson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and S. Prawer, “Electronic Properties and Metrology Applications of the Diamond NV- Center Under Pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kato, H.

Y. Doi, T. Fukui, H. Kato, T. Makino, S. Yamasaki, T. Tashima, H. Morishita, S. Miwa, F. Jelezko, Y. Suzuki, and N. Mizuochi, “Pure negatively charged state of the NV center in n -type diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 93(8), 7185 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kehayias, P.

K. Jensen, N. Leefer, A. Jarmola, Y. Dumeige, V. M. Acosta, P. Kehayias, B. Patton, and D. Budker, “Cavity-enhanced room-temperature magnetometry using absorption by nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(16), 160802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kolesov, R.

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kubo, M.

G. Kucsko, P. C. Maurer, N. Y. Yao, M. Kubo, H. J. Noh, P. K. Lo, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanometre-scale thermometry in a living cell,” Nature 500(7460), 54–58 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kucsko, G.

G. Kucsko, P. C. Maurer, N. Y. Yao, M. Kubo, H. J. Noh, P. K. Lo, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanometre-scale thermometry in a living cell,” Nature 500(7460), 54–58 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lange, G. D.

G. D. Lange, Z. H. Wang, D. Ristè, V. V. Dobrovitski, and R. Hanson, “Universal dynamical decoupling of a single solid-state spin from a spin bath,” Science 330(6000), 60–63 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Le Sage, D.

D. Le Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bar-Gill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85(12), 121202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ledbetter, M.

V. Acosta, E. Bauch, A. Jarmola, L. J. Zipp, M. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Broadband magnetometry by infrared-absorption detection of nitrogen-vacancy ensembles in diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(17), 174104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ledbetter, M. P.

V. M. Acosta, E. Bauch, M. P. Ledbetter, C. Santori, K. M. C. Fu, P. E. Barclay, R. G. Beausoleil, H. Linget, J. F. Roch, F. Treussart, S. Chemerisov, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker, “High nitrogen-vacancy density diamonds for magnetometry applications,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 115202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Leefer, N.

K. Jensen, N. Leefer, A. Jarmola, Y. Dumeige, V. M. Acosta, P. Kehayias, B. Patton, and D. Budker, “Cavity-enhanced room-temperature magnetometry using absorption by nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(16), 160802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, Z.

F. Wang, Z. Ma, M. Zhao, Z. Lin, S. Zhang, Z. Qu, and J. Liu, “Spectral Characteristics and Concentration Quantitative Analysis of NV Center Ensembles in Diamond,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 37, 1477–1481 (2017).

Linget, H.

V. M. Acosta, E. Bauch, M. P. Ledbetter, C. Santori, K. M. C. Fu, P. E. Barclay, R. G. Beausoleil, H. Linget, J. F. Roch, F. Treussart, S. Chemerisov, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker, “High nitrogen-vacancy density diamonds for magnetometry applications,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 115202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

S. Zhang, Z. Ma, L. Qin, Y. Fu, Y. Shi, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence detection using novel optical waveguide device with high collection efficiency on assembly of NV centres,” Appl. Phys. Express 11, 013007 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, Z. Ma, M. Zhao, Z. Lin, S. Zhang, Z. Qu, and J. Liu, “Spectral Characteristics and Concentration Quantitative Analysis of NV Center Ensembles in Diamond,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 37, 1477–1481 (2017).

Lo, P. K.

G. Kucsko, P. C. Maurer, N. Y. Yao, M. Kubo, H. J. Noh, P. K. Lo, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanometre-scale thermometry in a living cell,” Nature 500(7460), 54–58 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

G. Kucsko, P. C. Maurer, N. Y. Yao, M. Kubo, H. J. Noh, P. K. Lo, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanometre-scale thermometry in a living cell,” Nature 500(7460), 54–58 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Hodges, N. Y. Yao, D. Maclaurin, C. Rastogi, M. D. Lukin, and D. Englund, “Timekeeping with electron spin states in diamond,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 032118 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. L. Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bargill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 449 (2012).

D. Le Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bar-Gill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85(12), 121202 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Z.

S. Zhang, Z. Ma, L. Qin, Y. Fu, Y. Shi, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence detection using novel optical waveguide device with high collection efficiency on assembly of NV centres,” Appl. Phys. Express 11, 013007 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, Z. Ma, M. Zhao, Z. Lin, S. Zhang, Z. Qu, and J. Liu, “Spectral Characteristics and Concentration Quantitative Analysis of NV Center Ensembles in Diamond,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 37, 1477–1481 (2017).

Maclaurin, D.

J. S. Hodges, N. Y. Yao, D. Maclaurin, C. Rastogi, M. D. Lukin, and D. Englund, “Timekeeping with electron spin states in diamond,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 032118 (2013).
[Crossref]

Makino, T.

Y. Doi, T. Fukui, H. Kato, T. Makino, S. Yamasaki, T. Tashima, H. Morishita, S. Miwa, F. Jelezko, Y. Suzuki, and N. Mizuochi, “Pure negatively charged state of the NV center in n -type diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 93(8), 7185 (2016).
[Crossref]

Manson, N. B.

M. W. Doherty, V. V. Struzhkin, D. A. Simpson, L. P. McGuinness, Y. Meng, A. Stacey, T. J. Karle, R. J. Hemley, N. B. Manson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and S. Prawer, “Electronic Properties and Metrology Applications of the Diamond NV- Center Under Pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Markham, M.

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maurer, P. C.

G. Kucsko, P. C. Maurer, N. Y. Yao, M. Kubo, H. J. Noh, P. K. Lo, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanometre-scale thermometry in a living cell,” Nature 500(7460), 54–58 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maze, J. R.

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McGuinness, L. P.

M. W. Doherty, V. V. Struzhkin, D. A. Simpson, L. P. McGuinness, Y. Meng, A. Stacey, T. J. Karle, R. J. Hemley, N. B. Manson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and S. Prawer, “Electronic Properties and Metrology Applications of the Diamond NV- Center Under Pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meng, Y.

M. W. Doherty, V. V. Struzhkin, D. A. Simpson, L. P. McGuinness, Y. Meng, A. Stacey, T. J. Karle, R. J. Hemley, N. B. Manson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and S. Prawer, “Electronic Properties and Metrology Applications of the Diamond NV- Center Under Pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miwa, S.

Y. Doi, T. Fukui, H. Kato, T. Makino, S. Yamasaki, T. Tashima, H. Morishita, S. Miwa, F. Jelezko, Y. Suzuki, and N. Mizuochi, “Pure negatively charged state of the NV center in n -type diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 93(8), 7185 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mizuochi, N.

Y. Doi, T. Fukui, H. Kato, T. Makino, S. Yamasaki, T. Tashima, H. Morishita, S. Miwa, F. Jelezko, Y. Suzuki, and N. Mizuochi, “Pure negatively charged state of the NV center in n -type diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 93(8), 7185 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morishita, H.

Y. Doi, T. Fukui, H. Kato, T. Makino, S. Yamasaki, T. Tashima, H. Morishita, S. Miwa, F. Jelezko, Y. Suzuki, and N. Mizuochi, “Pure negatively charged state of the NV center in n -type diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 93(8), 7185 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, K.

T. Wolf, P. Neumann, K. Nakamura, H. Sumiya, T. Ohshima, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “Subpicotesla Diamond Magnetometry,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Neumann, P.

T. Wolf, P. Neumann, K. Nakamura, H. Sumiya, T. Ohshima, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “Subpicotesla Diamond Magnetometry,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041001 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nobauer, T.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nobauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Noh, H. J.

G. Kucsko, P. C. Maurer, N. Y. Yao, M. Kubo, H. J. Noh, P. K. Lo, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanometre-scale thermometry in a living cell,” Nature 500(7460), 54–58 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ohshima, T.

T. Wolf, P. Neumann, K. Nakamura, H. Sumiya, T. Ohshima, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “Subpicotesla Diamond Magnetometry,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Park, H.

G. Kucsko, P. C. Maurer, N. Y. Yao, M. Kubo, H. J. Noh, P. K. Lo, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanometre-scale thermometry in a living cell,” Nature 500(7460), 54–58 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Patton, B.

K. Jensen, N. Leefer, A. Jarmola, Y. Dumeige, V. M. Acosta, P. Kehayias, B. Patton, and D. Budker, “Cavity-enhanced room-temperature magnetometry using absorption by nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(16), 160802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pham, L. M.

N. Bar-Gill, L. M. Pham, A. Jarmola, D. Budker, and R. L. Walsworth, “Solid-state electronic spin coherence time approaching one second,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1743 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Le Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bar-Gill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85(12), 121202 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. L. Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bargill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 449 (2012).

Prawer, S.

M. W. Doherty, V. V. Struzhkin, D. A. Simpson, L. P. McGuinness, Y. Meng, A. Stacey, T. J. Karle, R. J. Hemley, N. B. Manson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and S. Prawer, “Electronic Properties and Metrology Applications of the Diamond NV- Center Under Pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qin, L.

S. Zhang, Z. Ma, L. Qin, Y. Fu, Y. Shi, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence detection using novel optical waveguide device with high collection efficiency on assembly of NV centres,” Appl. Phys. Express 11, 013007 (2018).
[Crossref]

Qu, Z.

F. Wang, Z. Ma, M. Zhao, Z. Lin, S. Zhang, Z. Qu, and J. Liu, “Spectral Characteristics and Concentration Quantitative Analysis of NV Center Ensembles in Diamond,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 37, 1477–1481 (2017).

Rastogi, C.

J. S. Hodges, N. Y. Yao, D. Maclaurin, C. Rastogi, M. D. Lukin, and D. Englund, “Timekeeping with electron spin states in diamond,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 032118 (2013).
[Crossref]

Reinhard, F.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nobauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rempp, F.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nobauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Reuter, R.

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ristè, D.

G. D. Lange, Z. H. Wang, D. Ristè, V. V. Dobrovitski, and R. Hanson, “Universal dynamical decoupling of a single solid-state spin from a spin bath,” Science 330(6000), 60–63 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roch, J. F.

V. M. Acosta, E. Bauch, M. P. Ledbetter, C. Santori, K. M. C. Fu, P. E. Barclay, R. G. Beausoleil, H. Linget, J. F. Roch, F. Treussart, S. Chemerisov, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker, “High nitrogen-vacancy density diamonds for magnetometry applications,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 115202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sage, D. L.

D. L. Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bargill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 449 (2012).

Santori, C.

K. Fang, V. M. Acosta, C. Santori, Z. Huang, K. M. Itoh, H. Watanabe, S. Shikata, and R. G. Beausoleil, “High-sensitivity magnetometry based on quantum beats in diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(13), 130802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. M. Acosta, E. Bauch, M. P. Ledbetter, C. Santori, K. M. C. Fu, P. E. Barclay, R. G. Beausoleil, H. Linget, J. F. Roch, F. Treussart, S. Chemerisov, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker, “High nitrogen-vacancy density diamonds for magnetometry applications,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 115202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schoenfeld, R. S.

R. S. Schoenfeld and W. Harneit, “Real time magnetic field sensing and imaging using a single spin in diamond,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(3), 030802 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schröder, T.

H. Clevenson, M. E. Trusheim, C. Teale, T. Schröder, D. Braje, and D. Englund, “Broadband magnetometry and temperature sensing with a light-trapping diamond waveguide,” Nat. Phys. 11(5), 393–397 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y.

S. Zhang, Z. Ma, L. Qin, Y. Fu, Y. Shi, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence detection using novel optical waveguide device with high collection efficiency on assembly of NV centres,” Appl. Phys. Express 11, 013007 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shikata, S.

K. Fang, V. M. Acosta, C. Santori, Z. Huang, K. M. Itoh, H. Watanabe, S. Shikata, and R. G. Beausoleil, “High-sensitivity magnetometry based on quantum beats in diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(13), 130802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shim, J. H.

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simpson, D. A.

M. W. Doherty, V. V. Struzhkin, D. A. Simpson, L. P. McGuinness, Y. Meng, A. Stacey, T. J. Karle, R. J. Hemley, N. B. Manson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and S. Prawer, “Electronic Properties and Metrology Applications of the Diamond NV- Center Under Pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stacey, A.

M. W. Doherty, V. V. Struzhkin, D. A. Simpson, L. P. McGuinness, Y. Meng, A. Stacey, T. J. Karle, R. J. Hemley, N. B. Manson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and S. Prawer, “Electronic Properties and Metrology Applications of the Diamond NV- Center Under Pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stanwix, P. L.

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Struzhkin, V. V.

M. W. Doherty, V. V. Struzhkin, D. A. Simpson, L. P. McGuinness, Y. Meng, A. Stacey, T. J. Karle, R. J. Hemley, N. B. Manson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and S. Prawer, “Electronic Properties and Metrology Applications of the Diamond NV- Center Under Pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sumiya, H.

T. Wolf, P. Neumann, K. Nakamura, H. Sumiya, T. Ohshima, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “Subpicotesla Diamond Magnetometry,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041001 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suter, D.

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suzuki, Y.

Y. Doi, T. Fukui, H. Kato, T. Makino, S. Yamasaki, T. Tashima, H. Morishita, S. Miwa, F. Jelezko, Y. Suzuki, and N. Mizuochi, “Pure negatively charged state of the NV center in n -type diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 93(8), 7185 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tashima, T.

Y. Doi, T. Fukui, H. Kato, T. Makino, S. Yamasaki, T. Tashima, H. Morishita, S. Miwa, F. Jelezko, Y. Suzuki, and N. Mizuochi, “Pure negatively charged state of the NV center in n -type diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 93(8), 7185 (2016).
[Crossref]

Taylor, J. M.

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teale, C.

H. Clevenson, M. E. Trusheim, C. Teale, T. Schröder, D. Braje, and D. Englund, “Broadband magnetometry and temperature sensing with a light-trapping diamond waveguide,” Nat. Phys. 11(5), 393–397 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tissler, J.

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Togan, E.

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Treussart, F.

V. M. Acosta, E. Bauch, M. P. Ledbetter, C. Santori, K. M. C. Fu, P. E. Barclay, R. G. Beausoleil, H. Linget, J. F. Roch, F. Treussart, S. Chemerisov, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker, “High nitrogen-vacancy density diamonds for magnetometry applications,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 115202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Trusheim, M. E.

H. Clevenson, M. E. Trusheim, C. Teale, T. Schröder, D. Braje, and D. Englund, “Broadband magnetometry and temperature sensing with a light-trapping diamond waveguide,” Nat. Phys. 11(5), 393–397 (2014).
[Crossref]

Twitchen, D.

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Waldherr, G.

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walsworth, R.

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

Walsworth, R. L.

N. Bar-Gill, L. M. Pham, A. Jarmola, D. Budker, and R. L. Walsworth, “Solid-state electronic spin coherence time approaching one second,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1743 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Le Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bar-Gill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85(12), 121202 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. L. Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bargill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 449 (2012).

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, Z. Ma, M. Zhao, Z. Lin, S. Zhang, Z. Qu, and J. Liu, “Spectral Characteristics and Concentration Quantitative Analysis of NV Center Ensembles in Diamond,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 37, 1477–1481 (2017).

Wang, Z. H.

G. D. Lange, Z. H. Wang, D. Ristè, V. V. Dobrovitski, and R. Hanson, “Universal dynamical decoupling of a single solid-state spin from a spin bath,” Science 330(6000), 60–63 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watanabe, H.

K. Fang, V. M. Acosta, C. Santori, Z. Huang, K. M. Itoh, H. Watanabe, S. Shikata, and R. G. Beausoleil, “High-sensitivity magnetometry based on quantum beats in diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(13), 130802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, T.

T. Wolf, P. Neumann, K. Nakamura, H. Sumiya, T. Ohshima, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “Subpicotesla Diamond Magnetometry,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041001 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nobauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wrachtrup, J.

T. Wolf, P. Neumann, K. Nakamura, H. Sumiya, T. Ohshima, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “Subpicotesla Diamond Magnetometry,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041001 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nobauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yacoby, A.

D. L. Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bargill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 449 (2012).

D. Le Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bar-Gill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85(12), 121202 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamasaki, S.

Y. Doi, T. Fukui, H. Kato, T. Makino, S. Yamasaki, T. Tashima, H. Morishita, S. Miwa, F. Jelezko, Y. Suzuki, and N. Mizuochi, “Pure negatively charged state of the NV center in n -type diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 93(8), 7185 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yao, N. Y.

G. Kucsko, P. C. Maurer, N. Y. Yao, M. Kubo, H. J. Noh, P. K. Lo, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanometre-scale thermometry in a living cell,” Nature 500(7460), 54–58 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Hodges, N. Y. Yao, D. Maclaurin, C. Rastogi, M. D. Lukin, and D. Englund, “Timekeeping with electron spin states in diamond,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 032118 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, Z. Ma, L. Qin, Y. Fu, Y. Shi, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence detection using novel optical waveguide device with high collection efficiency on assembly of NV centres,” Appl. Phys. Express 11, 013007 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, Z. Ma, M. Zhao, Z. Lin, S. Zhang, Z. Qu, and J. Liu, “Spectral Characteristics and Concentration Quantitative Analysis of NV Center Ensembles in Diamond,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 37, 1477–1481 (2017).

Zhao, M.

F. Wang, Z. Ma, M. Zhao, Z. Lin, S. Zhang, Z. Qu, and J. Liu, “Spectral Characteristics and Concentration Quantitative Analysis of NV Center Ensembles in Diamond,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 37, 1477–1481 (2017).

Zibrov, A. S.

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
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Zipp, L. J.

V. Acosta, E. Bauch, A. Jarmola, L. J. Zipp, M. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Broadband magnetometry by infrared-absorption detection of nitrogen-vacancy ensembles in diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(17), 174104 (2010).
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Appl. Phys. Express (1)

S. Zhang, Z. Ma, L. Qin, Y. Fu, Y. Shi, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence detection using novel optical waveguide device with high collection efficiency on assembly of NV centres,” Appl. Phys. Express 11, 013007 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

V. Acosta, E. Bauch, A. Jarmola, L. J. Zipp, M. Ledbetter, and D. Budker, “Broadband magnetometry by infrared-absorption detection of nitrogen-vacancy ensembles in diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(17), 174104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi (1)

F. Wang, Z. Ma, M. Zhao, Z. Lin, S. Zhang, Z. Qu, and J. Liu, “Spectral Characteristics and Concentration Quantitative Analysis of NV Center Ensembles in Diamond,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 37, 1477–1481 (2017).

Nano Lett. (1)

P. Neumann, I. Jakobi, F. Dolde, C. Burk, R. Reuter, G. Waldherr, J. Honert, T. Wolf, A. Brunner, J. H. Shim, D. Suter, H. Sumiya, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “High-Precision Nanoscale Temperature Sensing Using Single Defects in Diamond,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2738–2742 (2013).
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Nat. Commun. (2)

N. Bar-Gill, L. M. Pham, A. Jarmola, D. Budker, and R. L. Walsworth, “Solid-state electronic spin coherence time approaching one second,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1743 (2013).
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C. D. Aiello, M. Hirose, and P. Cappellaro, “Composite-pulse magnetometry with a solid-state quantum sensor,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1419 (2013).
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Nat. Mater. (1)

G. Balasubramanian, P. Neumann, D. Twitchen, M. Markham, R. Kolesov, N. Mizuochi, J. Isoya, J. Achard, J. Beck, J. Tissler, V. Jacques, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Ultralong spin coherence time in isotopically engineered diamond,” Nat. Mater. 8(5), 383–387 (2009).
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Nat. Phys. (3)

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nobauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
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J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
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H. Clevenson, M. E. Trusheim, C. Teale, T. Schröder, D. Braje, and D. Englund, “Broadband magnetometry and temperature sensing with a light-trapping diamond waveguide,” Nat. Phys. 11(5), 393–397 (2014).
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Nature (2)

J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature 455(7213), 644–647 (2008).
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G. Kucsko, P. C. Maurer, N. Y. Yao, M. Kubo, H. J. Noh, P. K. Lo, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanometre-scale thermometry in a living cell,” Nature 500(7460), 54–58 (2013).
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New J. Phys. (1)

J. Jeske, J. H. Cole, and A. D. Greentree, “Laser threshold magnetometry,” New J. Phys. 18(1), 013015 (2016).
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Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. S. Hodges, N. Y. Yao, D. Maclaurin, C. Rastogi, M. D. Lukin, and D. Englund, “Timekeeping with electron spin states in diamond,” Phys. Rev. A 87(3), 032118 (2013).
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Phys. Rev. B (4)

D. Le Sage, L. M. Pham, N. Bar-Gill, C. Belthangady, M. D. Lukin, A. Yacoby, and R. L. Walsworth, “Efficient photon detection from color centers in a diamond optical waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 85(12), 121202 (2012).
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Y. Doi, T. Fukui, H. Kato, T. Makino, S. Yamasaki, T. Tashima, H. Morishita, S. Miwa, F. Jelezko, Y. Suzuki, and N. Mizuochi, “Pure negatively charged state of the NV center in n -type diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 93(8), 7185 (2016).
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R. S. Schoenfeld and W. Harneit, “Real time magnetic field sensing and imaging using a single spin in diamond,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(3), 030802 (2011).
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T. Wolf, P. Neumann, K. Nakamura, H. Sumiya, T. Ohshima, J. Isoya, and J. Wrachtrup, “Subpicotesla Diamond Magnetometry,” Phys. Rev. X 5(4), 041001 (2015).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics showing the high-efficiency collection module (a) and operating principle of frequency-modulated microwave in static magnetic detection using assemble of NV centers (b). The critical angle (θ) above the total internal reflection in Fig. 1(a) is approximately 10°. In Fig. 1 (b), NV spin responds to a frequency-modulated microwave at the resonance peak with a photoluminescence modulation proportional to the frequency shift. The luminescence is recorded via a lock-in amplifier, and is used for local magnetic-field detection.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) CW ODMR aligned along (111) crystal axis with/without the high-efficiency collection module with B = 0 and B = 7.8 Gs (a) and (b), and lock-in output corresponding to the resonance signals (c) and (d).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Amplitude dependence of the modulation-detected signal on the modulation rate, showing a response time of 0.1 μs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Discrete Fourier transform of the lock-in amplifier noise signal for microwave resonances.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Microwave-power dependence (log-scale) of the full width half maximum (FWHM) of the ODMR signal. (b) Shot-noise as a function of FWHM.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S= S 1 + S 2 ( M ).
M= M 0 +ΔM sin( ωt ) .
S= S 1 + S 2 ( M 0 )+2 S 2 ( M 0 )ΔMsin( ωt ).
S=2 S 2 ( M 0 )ΔM.