Abstract

We demonstrate a novel type of tapered large mode area polarization-maintaining fiber. These birefringent fibers have an elliptical inner cladding and a core diameter that increases adiabatically from 8 µm to 70 µm. The polarization maintaining ability of the fiber samples was investigated by measuring the spatial distribution of polarization beat length by using optical frequency-domain reflectometry. The measurements show a clear correlation between the birefringence and the fiber core size, resulting in a modest 10-15% variation in polarization beat length along the fiber. There is no significant coupling of polarization modes or transverse modes in the tested fibers and, therefore, the linear polarization state of propagating light is preserved.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2014 (1)

P. Lu, J. Song, G. Niedermayer, J. Harris, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Tapered polarization-maintaining fiber sensor based on analysis of polarization evolution,” Proc. SPIE 9157, 915708 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (5)

2011 (1)

V. E. Ustimchik, S. A. Nikitov, and Y. K. Chamorovskii, “Simulation of radiation generation in an active double-clad optical tapered fiber,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 56(10), 1249–1255 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

N. Vukovic, N. G. R. Broderick, M. Petrovich, and G. Brambilla, “Novel method for the fabrication of long optical fiber tapers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1264–1266 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

M. E. Froggatt, D. K. Gifford, S. Kreger, M. Wolfe, and B. J. Soller, “Characterization of polarization-maintaining fiber using high-sensitivity optical-frequency-domain reflectometry,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(11), 4149–4154 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Ward, D. O’Shea, B. J. Shortt, M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Heat-and-pull rig for fiber taper fabrication,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083105 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

J. G. Elhison and A. S. Siddiqui, “A fully polarimetric optical time domain reflectometer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(2), 246–248 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. O. Culverhouse, “The acousto-optic effect in single-mode fiber tapers and couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2519–2529 (1996).
[Crossref]

1991 (2)

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibres and devices - part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” J. Optoelectronics 138(5), 343–354 (1991).

R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, F. Gonthier, and J. D. Love, “Tapered singlemode fibres and devices — Part 2: Experimental and theoretical quantification,” J. Optoelectronics 138(5), 355–364 (1991).

1988 (1)

B. Huttner, J. Reecht, N. Gisin, R. Passy, and J. P. Von der Weid, “Local birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers with coherent optical frequency-domain reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(10), 1458–1460 (1988).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

V. V. Grigor’yants, A. N. Zalogin, G. A. Ivanov, V. A. Isaev, S. M. Kozel, V. N. Listvin, and Yu. K. Chamorovskii, “Polarization effects in birefringent fiber waveguides with an elliptic borosilicate cladding,” Soviet J. Quantum Electron. 16(10), 1370–1372 (1986).
[Crossref]

1983 (3)

1982 (1)

1981 (1)

W. Eickhoff and R. Ulrich, “Optical frequency domain reflectometry in single-mode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39(9), 693–695 (1981).
[Crossref]

Bao, X.

Birks, T. A.

Black, R. J.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibres and devices - part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” J. Optoelectronics 138(5), 343–354 (1991).

R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, F. Gonthier, and J. D. Love, “Tapered singlemode fibres and devices — Part 2: Experimental and theoretical quantification,” J. Optoelectronics 138(5), 355–364 (1991).

Brambilla, G.

Y. Jung, G. Brambilla, and D. J. Richardson, “Polarization-maintaining optical microfiber,” Opt. Lett. 35(12), 2034–2036 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Vukovic, N. G. R. Broderick, M. Petrovich, and G. Brambilla, “Novel method for the fabrication of long optical fiber tapers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1264–1266 (2008).
[Crossref]

Broderick, N. G. R.

N. Vukovic, N. G. R. Broderick, M. Petrovich, and G. Brambilla, “Novel method for the fabrication of long optical fiber tapers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1264–1266 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bures, J.

Chamorovskii, Y.

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “A comparative study of tapered fiber laser configurations,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82370W (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tapered fiber amplifier with high gain and output power,” Laser Phys. 22(11), 1734–1738 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Principles and Performance of Tapered Fiber Lasers: from Uniform to Flared Geometry,” Appl. Opt. 51(29), 7025–7038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chamorovskii, Y. K.

V. E. Ustimchik, S. A. Nikitov, and Y. K. Chamorovskii, “Simulation of radiation generation in an active double-clad optical tapered fiber,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 56(10), 1249–1255 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chamorovskii, Yu. K.

V. V. Grigor’yants, A. N. Zalogin, G. A. Ivanov, V. A. Isaev, S. M. Kozel, V. N. Listvin, and Yu. K. Chamorovskii, “Polarization effects in birefringent fiber waveguides with an elliptic borosilicate cladding,” Soviet J. Quantum Electron. 16(10), 1370–1372 (1986).
[Crossref]

Chamorovskiy, Y.

Chen, L.

Cheung, G.

Culverhouse, D. O.

T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. O. Culverhouse, “The acousto-optic effect in single-mode fiber tapers and couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2519–2529 (1996).
[Crossref]

Deasy, K.

J. Ward, D. O’Shea, B. J. Shortt, M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Heat-and-pull rig for fiber taper fabrication,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Eickhoff, W.

W. Eickhoff, “Stress-induced single-polarization single-mode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 7(12), 629–631 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Eickhoff and R. Ulrich, “Optical frequency domain reflectometry in single-mode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39(9), 693–695 (1981).
[Crossref]

Elhison, J. G.

J. G. Elhison and A. S. Siddiqui, “A fully polarimetric optical time domain reflectometer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(2), 246–248 (1998).
[Crossref]

Filippov, V.

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tapered fiber amplifier with high gain and output power,” Laser Phys. 22(11), 1734–1738 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “A comparative study of tapered fiber laser configurations,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82370W (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Principles and Performance of Tapered Fiber Lasers: from Uniform to Flared Geometry,” Appl. Opt. 51(29), 7025–7038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, V. Ustimchik, Y. Chamorovskiy, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Mode evolution in long tapered fibers with high tapering ratio,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25461–25470 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Froggatt, M.

Froggatt, M. E.

Gifford, D.

Gifford, D. K.

Gisin, N.

B. Huttner, J. Reecht, N. Gisin, R. Passy, and J. P. Von der Weid, “Local birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers with coherent optical frequency-domain reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(10), 1458–1460 (1988).
[Crossref]

Golant, K.

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “A comparative study of tapered fiber laser configurations,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82370W (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tapered fiber amplifier with high gain and output power,” Laser Phys. 22(11), 1734–1738 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Principles and Performance of Tapered Fiber Lasers: from Uniform to Flared Geometry,” Appl. Opt. 51(29), 7025–7038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gonthier, F.

R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, F. Gonthier, and J. D. Love, “Tapered singlemode fibres and devices — Part 2: Experimental and theoretical quantification,” J. Optoelectronics 138(5), 355–364 (1991).

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibres and devices - part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” J. Optoelectronics 138(5), 343–354 (1991).

Grigor’yants, V. V.

V. V. Grigor’yants, A. N. Zalogin, G. A. Ivanov, V. A. Isaev, S. M. Kozel, V. N. Listvin, and Yu. K. Chamorovskii, “Polarization effects in birefringent fiber waveguides with an elliptic borosilicate cladding,” Soviet J. Quantum Electron. 16(10), 1370–1372 (1986).
[Crossref]

Harris, J.

P. Lu, J. Song, G. Niedermayer, J. Harris, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Tapered polarization-maintaining fiber sensor based on analysis of polarization evolution,” Proc. SPIE 9157, 915708 (2014).
[Crossref]

Henry, W. M.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibres and devices - part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” J. Optoelectronics 138(5), 343–354 (1991).

Huttner, B.

B. Huttner, J. Reecht, N. Gisin, R. Passy, and J. P. Von der Weid, “Local birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers with coherent optical frequency-domain reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(10), 1458–1460 (1988).
[Crossref]

Isaev, V. A.

V. V. Grigor’yants, A. N. Zalogin, G. A. Ivanov, V. A. Isaev, S. M. Kozel, V. N. Listvin, and Yu. K. Chamorovskii, “Polarization effects in birefringent fiber waveguides with an elliptic borosilicate cladding,” Soviet J. Quantum Electron. 16(10), 1370–1372 (1986).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, G. A.

V. V. Grigor’yants, A. N. Zalogin, G. A. Ivanov, V. A. Isaev, S. M. Kozel, V. N. Listvin, and Yu. K. Chamorovskii, “Polarization effects in birefringent fiber waveguides with an elliptic borosilicate cladding,” Soviet J. Quantum Electron. 16(10), 1370–1372 (1986).
[Crossref]

Jacques, F.

Jung, Y.

Kerttula, J.

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Principles and Performance of Tapered Fiber Lasers: from Uniform to Flared Geometry,” Appl. Opt. 51(29), 7025–7038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, V. Ustimchik, Y. Chamorovskiy, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Mode evolution in long tapered fibers with high tapering ratio,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25461–25470 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tapered fiber amplifier with high gain and output power,” Laser Phys. 22(11), 1734–1738 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “A comparative study of tapered fiber laser configurations,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82370W (2012).
[Crossref]

Knight, J. C.

Kozel, S. M.

V. V. Grigor’yants, A. N. Zalogin, G. A. Ivanov, V. A. Isaev, S. M. Kozel, V. N. Listvin, and Yu. K. Chamorovskii, “Polarization effects in birefringent fiber waveguides with an elliptic borosilicate cladding,” Soviet J. Quantum Electron. 16(10), 1370–1372 (1986).
[Crossref]

Kreger, S.

Lacroix, S.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibres and devices - part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” J. Optoelectronics 138(5), 343–354 (1991).

R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, F. Gonthier, and J. D. Love, “Tapered singlemode fibres and devices — Part 2: Experimental and theoretical quantification,” J. Optoelectronics 138(5), 355–364 (1991).

J. Bures, S. Lacroix, and J. Lapierre, “Analysis of a fused biconical single-mode fiber optic coupler,” Appl. Opt. 22, 1918–1922 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lapierre, J.

Li, W.

Lin, G.

Listvin, V. N.

V. V. Grigor’yants, A. N. Zalogin, G. A. Ivanov, V. A. Isaev, S. M. Kozel, V. N. Listvin, and Yu. K. Chamorovskii, “Polarization effects in birefringent fiber waveguides with an elliptic borosilicate cladding,” Soviet J. Quantum Electron. 16(10), 1370–1372 (1986).
[Crossref]

Love, J. D.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibres and devices - part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” J. Optoelectronics 138(5), 343–354 (1991).

R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, F. Gonthier, and J. D. Love, “Tapered singlemode fibres and devices — Part 2: Experimental and theoretical quantification,” J. Optoelectronics 138(5), 355–364 (1991).

Lu, P.

P. Lu, J. Song, G. Niedermayer, J. Harris, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Tapered polarization-maintaining fiber sensor based on analysis of polarization evolution,” Proc. SPIE 9157, 915708 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, G. Niedermayer, G. Lin, P. Lu, B. Wang, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Polarization-maintaining property of tapered polarization-maintaining fibers,” Appl. Opt. 52(8), 1550–1554 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marrone, M. J.

Meschede, D.

Morrissey, M. J.

J. Ward, D. O’Shea, B. J. Shortt, M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Heat-and-pull rig for fiber taper fabrication,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nic Chormaic, S.

J. Ward, D. O’Shea, B. J. Shortt, M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Heat-and-pull rig for fiber taper fabrication,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Niedermayer, G.

P. Lu, J. Song, G. Niedermayer, J. Harris, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Tapered polarization-maintaining fiber sensor based on analysis of polarization evolution,” Proc. SPIE 9157, 915708 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, G. Niedermayer, G. Lin, P. Lu, B. Wang, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Polarization-maintaining property of tapered polarization-maintaining fibers,” Appl. Opt. 52(8), 1550–1554 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nikitov, S. A.

V. E. Ustimchik, S. A. Nikitov, and Y. K. Chamorovskii, “Simulation of radiation generation in an active double-clad optical tapered fiber,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 56(10), 1249–1255 (2011).
[Crossref]

O’Shea, D.

J. Ward, D. O’Shea, B. J. Shortt, M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Heat-and-pull rig for fiber taper fabrication,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “A comparative study of tapered fiber laser configurations,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82370W (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tapered fiber amplifier with high gain and output power,” Laser Phys. 22(11), 1734–1738 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Principles and Performance of Tapered Fiber Lasers: from Uniform to Flared Geometry,” Appl. Opt. 51(29), 7025–7038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, V. Ustimchik, Y. Chamorovskiy, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Mode evolution in long tapered fibers with high tapering ratio,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25461–25470 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Passy, R.

B. Huttner, J. Reecht, N. Gisin, R. Passy, and J. P. Von der Weid, “Local birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers with coherent optical frequency-domain reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(10), 1458–1460 (1988).
[Crossref]

Petrovich, M.

N. Vukovic, N. G. R. Broderick, M. Petrovich, and G. Brambilla, “Novel method for the fabrication of long optical fiber tapers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1264–1266 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rashleigh, S. C.

S. C. Rashleigh, “Origins and control of polarization effects in single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 1(2), 312–331 (1983).
[Crossref]

S. C. Rashleigh and M. J. Marrone, “Influence of the fiber diameter on the stress birefringence in high-birefringence fibers,” Opt. Lett. 8(5), 292–294 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rauschenbeutel, A.

Reecht, J.

B. Huttner, J. Reecht, N. Gisin, R. Passy, and J. P. Von der Weid, “Local birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers with coherent optical frequency-domain reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(10), 1458–1460 (1988).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25(19), 1415–1417 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. O. Culverhouse, “The acousto-optic effect in single-mode fiber tapers and couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2519–2529 (1996).
[Crossref]

Shortt, B. J.

J. Ward, D. O’Shea, B. J. Shortt, M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Heat-and-pull rig for fiber taper fabrication,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Siddiqui, A. S.

J. G. Elhison and A. S. Siddiqui, “A fully polarimetric optical time domain reflectometer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(2), 246–248 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sokolowski, M.

Soller, B.

Soller, B. J.

Song, J.

P. Lu, J. Song, G. Niedermayer, J. Harris, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Tapered polarization-maintaining fiber sensor based on analysis of polarization evolution,” Proc. SPIE 9157, 915708 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stewart, W. J.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibres and devices - part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” J. Optoelectronics 138(5), 343–354 (1991).

Ulrich, R.

W. Eickhoff and R. Ulrich, “Optical frequency domain reflectometry in single-mode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39(9), 693–695 (1981).
[Crossref]

Ustimchik, V.

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tapered fiber amplifier with high gain and output power,” Laser Phys. 22(11), 1734–1738 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “A comparative study of tapered fiber laser configurations,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82370W (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, V. Ustimchik, Y. Chamorovskiy, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Mode evolution in long tapered fibers with high tapering ratio,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25461–25470 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Principles and Performance of Tapered Fiber Lasers: from Uniform to Flared Geometry,” Appl. Opt. 51(29), 7025–7038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ustimchik, V. E.

V. E. Ustimchik, S. A. Nikitov, and Y. K. Chamorovskii, “Simulation of radiation generation in an active double-clad optical tapered fiber,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 56(10), 1249–1255 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vetsch, E.

Von der Weid, J. P.

B. Huttner, J. Reecht, N. Gisin, R. Passy, and J. P. Von der Weid, “Local birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers with coherent optical frequency-domain reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(10), 1458–1460 (1988).
[Crossref]

Vukovic, N.

N. Vukovic, N. G. R. Broderick, M. Petrovich, and G. Brambilla, “Novel method for the fabrication of long optical fiber tapers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1264–1266 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wang, B.

Wang, X.

Ward, J.

J. Ward, D. O’Shea, B. J. Shortt, M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Heat-and-pull rig for fiber taper fabrication,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Warken, F.

Wolfe, M.

Zalogin, A. N.

V. V. Grigor’yants, A. N. Zalogin, G. A. Ivanov, V. A. Isaev, S. M. Kozel, V. N. Listvin, and Yu. K. Chamorovskii, “Polarization effects in birefringent fiber waveguides with an elliptic borosilicate cladding,” Soviet J. Quantum Electron. 16(10), 1370–1372 (1986).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Eickhoff and R. Ulrich, “Optical frequency domain reflectometry in single-mode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39(9), 693–695 (1981).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

N. Vukovic, N. G. R. Broderick, M. Petrovich, and G. Brambilla, “Novel method for the fabrication of long optical fiber tapers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1264–1266 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. G. Elhison and A. S. Siddiqui, “A fully polarimetric optical time domain reflectometer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(2), 246–248 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. Huttner, J. Reecht, N. Gisin, R. Passy, and J. P. Von der Weid, “Local birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers with coherent optical frequency-domain reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(10), 1458–1460 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Commun. Technol. Electron. (1)

V. E. Ustimchik, S. A. Nikitov, and Y. K. Chamorovskii, “Simulation of radiation generation in an active double-clad optical tapered fiber,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 56(10), 1249–1255 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Optoelectronics (2)

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibres and devices - part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” J. Optoelectronics 138(5), 343–354 (1991).

R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, F. Gonthier, and J. D. Love, “Tapered singlemode fibres and devices — Part 2: Experimental and theoretical quantification,” J. Optoelectronics 138(5), 355–364 (1991).

Laser Phys. (1)

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tapered fiber amplifier with high gain and output power,” Laser Phys. 22(11), 1734–1738 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. SPIE (2)

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, V. Ustimchik, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “A comparative study of tapered fiber laser configurations,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82370W (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Lu, J. Song, G. Niedermayer, J. Harris, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Tapered polarization-maintaining fiber sensor based on analysis of polarization evolution,” Proc. SPIE 9157, 915708 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

J. Ward, D. O’Shea, B. J. Shortt, M. J. Morrissey, K. Deasy, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Heat-and-pull rig for fiber taper fabrication,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Soviet J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. V. Grigor’yants, A. N. Zalogin, G. A. Ivanov, V. A. Isaev, S. M. Kozel, V. N. Listvin, and Yu. K. Chamorovskii, “Polarization effects in birefringent fiber waveguides with an elliptic borosilicate cladding,” Soviet J. Quantum Electron. 16(10), 1370–1372 (1986).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

R. Paschotta, “RP Photonics encyclopedia”, https://www.rp-photonics.com/polarization_beat_length.html

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Longitudinal geometric profile of the experimental samples of tapered fibers. Picture of the cross-section of the narrow part of the experimental sample of tapered fiber (inset).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Transmission spectra of experimental samples of anisotropic tapered fibers. (b) The spectrum of polarization beating, measured for experimental sample of tapered fiber 1.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The measured backscatter patter of full amplitude of the reflected signal in samples of tapered fiber - black line (left scale). Red line - a geometric longitudinal profile, depending of the outer claddingdiameter on the fiber length of the tapered fiber length (right scale).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Distribution of backscatter intensity pattern for two orthogonal states of polarization in initial section of tapered fiber sample 3. (b) Autocorrelation function of the backscattered signal calculated in the frequency domain at a distance of 3.8 m from the beginning of the tapered fiber 2.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The distribution of polarization beat length along tapered fiber length. Left scale: black dots - the calculated values, the purple line - approximation calculated according to Fourier low pass filter. Right scale: Red line - dependence outer cladding diameter along the length of the tapered fiber.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Parameters of experimental tapered fibers samples

Equations (5)

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R w ( w )= | i s,w ( w ) | 2 + | i p,w ( w ) | 2 ,
L beat ( z i )= c n g Δf( z i ) ,
| β p β s |=| n s n p | 2π λ = C s 1 ϑ p ΔαΔT AB A+B ,
C s =0.5 k 0 n 0 3 ( p 11 p 12 )( 1+ ϑ p )
L beat = 2π | β p β s | = λ n s n p .

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