Abstract

We analyze plasmon induced transparency (PIT) in a planar terahertz metamaterial comprising of two C-shaped resonators and a cut-wire. The two C-shaped resonators are placed alternately on both sides of the cut-wire such that it exhibits a PIT effect when coupled with the cut wire. We have further shown that the PIT window is modulated by displacing the C-shaped resonators w.r.t. the cut-wire. A lumped element equivalent circuit model is reported to explain the numerical observations for different coupling configurations. The PIT effect is further explored in a metamaterial comprising of a cross like structure and four C-shaped resonators. For this configuration, the PIT effect is studied for the incident light polarized in both x and y directions. It is observed that such a structure exhibits equally strong PIT effects for both the incident polarizations, indicating a polarization independent response to the incident terahertz radiation. Our study could be significant in the development of slow light devices and polarization independent sensing applications.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
  6. D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, M. Reiten, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. F. O’hara, and A. K. Azad, “A broadband planar terahertz metamaterial with nested structure,” Opt. Express 19(17), 2494–2507 (2011).
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  8. Z. Geng, Y. Wang, Y. Cao, and H. Chen, “Multilayer flexible metamaterials with fano resonances,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(8), 1–9 (2016).
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  10. F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, “Surfaces with holes in them: new plasmonic metamaterials,” J. Opt. A-Pure Appl. Op. 7(2), S97 (2005).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  23. Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 243(21), 214003 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. X. Shi, D. Han, Y. Dai, Z. Yu, Y. Sun, H. Chen, X. Liu, and J. Zi, “Plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in nanostructure graphene,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28438–28443 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  27. Y. Zhu, X. Hu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “On-chip plasmon-induced transparency based on plasmonic coupled nanocavities,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3752 (2014).
    [PubMed]
  28. H. Cheng, S. Chen, P. Yu, X. Duan, B. Xie, and J. Tian, “Dynamically tunable plasmonically induced transparency in periodically patterned graphene nanostrips,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 203112 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  29. J. Chen, Z. Li, S. Yue, J. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “Plasmon-induced transparency in asymmetric T-shape single slit,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2494–2498 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  32. M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94 (16), 161103 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  33. L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3 (11), 1537–1543 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  34. G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Dispersionless slow light in MIM waveguide based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20902–20907 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. Y. Huang, C. Min, and G. Veronis, “Subwavelength slow-light waveguides based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(12), 143117 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  36. V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 80(3), 035104 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  37. M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, and W. Zhang, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  38. P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. X. Zhang, Q. Li, W. Cao, J. Gu, R. Singh, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Polarization-independent plasmon-induced transparency in a fourfold symmetric terahertz metamaterial,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8400707 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  40. S. E. Mun, K. Lee, H. Yun, and B. Lee, “Polarization-independent plasmon-induced transparency in a symmetric metamaterial,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(22), 2581–2584 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  41. X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131101 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  42. P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency with dual dark mode excitation pathways using MEMS based tri-atomic metamolecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(21), 211103 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  43. D. A. Frickey, “Conversions between S, Z, Y, H, ABCD, and T parameters which are valid for complex source and load impedances,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 42(2), 205–211 (1994).
    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

S. J. M. Rao, D. Kumar, G. Kumar, and D. R. Chowdhury, “Modulating the near field coupling through resonator displacement in planar terahertz metamaterials,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 38(1), 124–134 (2017)
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

Z. Geng, Y. Wang, Y. Cao, and H. Chen, “Multilayer flexible metamaterials with fano resonances,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(8), 1–9 (2016).

Z. Bai and G. Huang, “Plasmon dromions in a metamaterial via plasmon-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 93(1), 013818 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94 (16), 161103 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. E. Mun, K. Lee, H. Yun, and B. Lee, “Polarization-independent plasmon-induced transparency in a symmetric metamaterial,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(22), 2581–2584 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency with dual dark mode excitation pathways using MEMS based tri-atomic metamolecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(21), 211103 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, and W. Zhang, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3 (11), 1537–1543 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Bai, G. Huang, L. Liu, and S. Zhang, “Giant Kerr nonlinearity and low-power gigahertz solitons via plasmon-induced transparency,” Sci. Rep. 5, 153103 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Gong, and J. Liang, “Tunable slow light based on plasmon-induced transparency in dual-stub-coupled waveguide,” Phys. Rev. A 27(1), 89–92 (2015).

2014 (4)

Y. Zhu, X. Hu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “On-chip plasmon-induced transparency based on plasmonic coupled nanocavities,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3752 (2014).
[PubMed]

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, D. R. Chowdhury, L. Cong, C. Rockstuhl, and W. Zhang, “Probing the transition from an uncoupled to a strong near-field coupled regime between bright and dark mode resonators in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(8), 081108 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Philip, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Plasmon-induced transparency by hybridizing concentric-twisted double split ring resonators,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15735 (2014).

D. R. Chowdhury, X. Su, Y. Zeng, X. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. Azad, “Excitation of dark plasmonic modes in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19401–19410 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

X. Shi, D. Han, Y. Dai, Z. Yu, Y. Sun, H. Chen, X. Liu, and J. Zi, “Plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in nanostructure graphene,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28438–28443 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Ultrafast manipulation of near field coupling between bright and dark modes in terahertz metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(1), 011122 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Cheng, S. Chen, P. Yu, X. Duan, B. Xie, and J. Tian, “Dynamically tunable plasmonically induced transparency in periodically patterned graphene nanostrips,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 203112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 243(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, Q. Li, W. Cao, J. Gu, R. Singh, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Polarization-independent plasmon-induced transparency in a fourfold symmetric terahertz metamaterial,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8400707 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, Z. Li, S. Yue, J. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “Plasmon-induced transparency in asymmetric T-shape single slit,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2494–2498 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, and A. J. Taylor, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Dispersionless slow light in MIM waveguide based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20902–20907 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, M. Reiten, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. F. O’hara, and A. K. Azad, “A broadband planar terahertz metamaterial with nested structure,” Opt. Express 19(17), 2494–2507 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. Shin, M. H. Kwak, K. Y. Kang, Y. H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Min, “A terahertz metamaterial with unnaturally high refractive index,” Nature 470(7334), 369–373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu and X. Zhang, ”Metamaterials: a new frontier of science and technology,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 40(5), 2494–2507 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Huang, C. Min, and G. Veronis, “Subwavelength slow-light waveguides based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(12), 143117 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (5)

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 80(3), 035104 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigen mode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(8), 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, “Surfaces with holes in them: new plasmonic metamaterials,” J. Opt. A-Pure Appl. Op. 7(2), S97 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. A. Souza, L. Cabral, P. R. Oliveira, and C. J. Villas-Boas, “Electromagnetically-induced-transparency-related phenomena and their mechanical analogs,” Phys. Rev. A 92(2), 023818 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

C. L. Garrido Alzar, M. A. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys. 70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

D. A. Frickey, “Conversions between S, Z, Y, H, ABCD, and T parameters which are valid for complex source and load impedances,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 42(2), 205–211 (1994).
[Crossref]

Al-Naib, I.

L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3 (11), 1537–1543 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, D. R. Chowdhury, L. Cong, C. Rockstuhl, and W. Zhang, “Probing the transition from an uncoupled to a strong near-field coupled regime between bright and dark mode resonators in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(8), 081108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Azad, A.

Azad, A. K.

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Ultrafast manipulation of near field coupling between bright and dark modes in terahertz metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(1), 011122 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, and A. J. Taylor, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, M. Reiten, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. F. O’hara, and A. K. Azad, “A broadband planar terahertz metamaterial with nested structure,” Opt. Express 19(17), 2494–2507 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bai, Z.

Z. Bai and G. Huang, “Plasmon dromions in a metamaterial via plasmon-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 93(1), 013818 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Bai, G. Huang, L. Liu, and S. Zhang, “Giant Kerr nonlinearity and low-power gigahertz solitons via plasmon-induced transparency,” Sci. Rep. 5, 153103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bettiol, A. A.

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, and W. Zhang, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cabral, L.

J. A. Souza, L. Cabral, P. R. Oliveira, and C. J. Villas-Boas, “Electromagnetically-induced-transparency-related phenomena and their mechanical analogs,” Phys. Rev. A 92(2), 023818 (2005).
[Crossref]

Caloz, C.

C. Caloz and T. Itoh, Electromagnetic Metamaterials: Transmission Line Theory and Microwave Applications (John Wiley & Sons, 2005).

Cao, J. X.

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cao, W.

X. Zhang, Q. Li, W. Cao, J. Gu, R. Singh, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Polarization-independent plasmon-induced transparency in a fourfold symmetric terahertz metamaterial,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8400707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cao, Y.

Z. Geng, Y. Wang, Y. Cao, and H. Chen, “Multilayer flexible metamaterials with fano resonances,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(8), 1–9 (2016).

Chen, H.

Chen, H. T.

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Ultrafast manipulation of near field coupling between bright and dark modes in terahertz metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(1), 011122 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, and A. J. Taylor, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, M. Reiten, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. F. O’hara, and A. K. Azad, “A broadband planar terahertz metamaterial with nested structure,” Opt. Express 19(17), 2494–2507 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, Z. Li, S. Yue, J. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “Plasmon-induced transparency in asymmetric T-shape single slit,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2494–2498 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

H. Cheng, S. Chen, P. Yu, X. Duan, B. Xie, and J. Tian, “Dynamically tunable plasmonically induced transparency in periodically patterned graphene nanostrips,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 203112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

Cheng, H.

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J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, and A. J. Taylor, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
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L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3 (11), 1537–1543 (2015).
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M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, and W. Zhang, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
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S. J. M. Rao, D. Kumar, G. Kumar, and D. R. Chowdhury, “Modulating the near field coupling through resonator displacement in planar terahertz metamaterials,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 38(1), 124–134 (2017)
[Crossref]

Reiten, M.

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, M. Reiten, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. F. O’hara, and A. K. Azad, “A broadband planar terahertz metamaterial with nested structure,” Opt. Express 19(17), 2494–2507 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rivera, E.

E. Philip, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Plasmon-induced transparency by hybridizing concentric-twisted double split ring resonators,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15735 (2014).

Rockstuhl, C.

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, D. R. Chowdhury, L. Cong, C. Rockstuhl, and W. Zhang, “Probing the transition from an uncoupled to a strong near-field coupled regime between bright and dark mode resonators in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(8), 081108 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigen mode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(8), 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shi, X.

Shin, J.

M. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. Shin, M. H. Kwak, K. Y. Kang, Y. H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Min, “A terahertz metamaterial with unnaturally high refractive index,” Nature 470(7334), 369–373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singh, N.

P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency with dual dark mode excitation pathways using MEMS based tri-atomic metamolecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(21), 211103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Singh, R.

P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency with dual dark mode excitation pathways using MEMS based tri-atomic metamolecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(21), 211103 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94 (16), 161103 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3 (11), 1537–1543 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, D. R. Chowdhury, L. Cong, C. Rockstuhl, and W. Zhang, “Probing the transition from an uncoupled to a strong near-field coupled regime between bright and dark mode resonators in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(8), 081108 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Ultrafast manipulation of near field coupling between bright and dark modes in terahertz metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(1), 011122 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, Q. Li, W. Cao, J. Gu, R. Singh, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Polarization-independent plasmon-induced transparency in a fourfold symmetric terahertz metamaterial,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8400707 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, and A. J. Taylor, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, M. Reiten, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. F. O’hara, and A. K. Azad, “A broadband planar terahertz metamaterial with nested structure,” Opt. Express 19(17), 2494–2507 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigen mode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(8), 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
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Sonnichsen, C.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

Souza, J. A.

J. A. Souza, L. Cabral, P. R. Oliveira, and C. J. Villas-Boas, “Electromagnetically-induced-transparency-related phenomena and their mechanical analogs,” Phys. Rev. A 92(2), 023818 (2005).
[Crossref]

Srivastava, Y. K.

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94 (16), 161103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Su, X.

Sun, Y.

Tassin, P.

Taylor, A. J.

D. R. Chowdhury, X. Su, Y. Zeng, X. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. Azad, “Excitation of dark plasmonic modes in symmetry broken terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19401–19410 (2014).
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D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Ultrafast manipulation of near field coupling between bright and dark modes in terahertz metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(1), 011122 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, and A. J. Taylor, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, M. Reiten, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. F. O’hara, and A. K. Azad, “A broadband planar terahertz metamaterial with nested structure,” Opt. Express 19(17), 2494–2507 (2011).
[Crossref]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tian, J.

H. Cheng, S. Chen, P. Yu, X. Duan, B. Xie, and J. Tian, “Dynamically tunable plasmonically induced transparency in periodically patterned graphene nanostrips,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 203112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tian, Z.

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 243(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, Q. Li, W. Cao, J. Gu, R. Singh, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Polarization-independent plasmon-induced transparency in a fourfold symmetric terahertz metamaterial,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8400707 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, and A. J. Taylor, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
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Tonouchi, M.

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 243(21), 214003 (2013).
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Veronis, G.

Y. Huang, C. Min, and G. Veronis, “Subwavelength slow-light waveguides based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(12), 143117 (2011).
[Crossref]

Villas-Boas, C. J.

J. A. Souza, L. Cabral, P. R. Oliveira, and C. J. Villas-Boas, “Electromagnetically-induced-transparency-related phenomena and their mechanical analogs,” Phys. Rev. A 92(2), 023818 (2005).
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V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 80(3), 035104 (2009).
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Wang, G.

G. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Gong, and J. Liang, “Tunable slow light based on plasmon-induced transparency in dual-stub-coupled waveguide,” Phys. Rev. A 27(1), 89–92 (2015).

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Dispersionless slow light in MIM waveguide based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20902–20907 (2012).
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Wang, S. M.

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Z. Geng, Y. Wang, Y. Cao, and H. Chen, “Multilayer flexible metamaterials with fano resonances,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(8), 1–9 (2016).

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiltshire, M. C.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Xiao, J.

J. Chen, Z. Li, S. Yue, J. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “Plasmon-induced transparency in asymmetric T-shape single slit,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2494–2498 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, B.

H. Cheng, S. Chen, P. Yu, X. Duan, B. Xie, and J. Tian, “Dynamically tunable plasmonically induced transparency in periodically patterned graphene nanostrips,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 203112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, N.

L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3 (11), 1537–1543 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

Y. Zhu, X. Hu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “On-chip plasmon-induced transparency based on plasmonic coupled nanocavities,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3752 (2014).
[PubMed]

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Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 243(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref]

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V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 80(3), 035104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, P.

H. Cheng, S. Chen, P. Yu, X. Duan, B. Xie, and J. Tian, “Dynamically tunable plasmonically induced transparency in periodically patterned graphene nanostrips,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 203112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, Z.

Yue, S.

J. Chen, Z. Li, S. Yue, J. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “Plasmon-induced transparency in asymmetric T-shape single slit,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2494–2498 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yue, W.

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 243(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yun, H.

S. E. Mun, K. Lee, H. Yun, and B. Lee, “Polarization-independent plasmon-induced transparency in a symmetric metamaterial,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(22), 2581–2584 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Y.

Zhang, L.

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Z. Bai, G. Huang, L. Liu, and S. Zhang, “Giant Kerr nonlinearity and low-power gigahertz solitons via plasmon-induced transparency,” Sci. Rep. 5, 153103 (2015).
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J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, and A. J. Taylor, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

G. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Gong, and J. Liang, “Tunable slow light based on plasmon-induced transparency in dual-stub-coupled waveguide,” Phys. Rev. A 27(1), 89–92 (2015).

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, and W. Zhang, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, D. R. Chowdhury, L. Cong, C. Rockstuhl, and W. Zhang, “Probing the transition from an uncoupled to a strong near-field coupled regime between bright and dark mode resonators in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(8), 081108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 243(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, Q. Li, W. Cao, J. Gu, R. Singh, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Polarization-independent plasmon-induced transparency in a fourfold symmetric terahertz metamaterial,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8400707 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigen mode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(8), 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, Q. Li, W. Cao, J. Gu, R. Singh, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Polarization-independent plasmon-induced transparency in a fourfold symmetric terahertz metamaterial,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8400707 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, and A. J. Taylor, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu and X. Zhang, ”Metamaterials: a new frontier of science and technology,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 40(5), 2494–2507 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, J.

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131101 (2012).
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Zhu, S. N.

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

Y. Zhu, X. Hu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “On-chip plasmon-induced transparency based on plasmonic coupled nanocavities,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3752 (2014).
[PubMed]

Zhu, Z.

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 243(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zi, J.

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

L. Cong, M. Manjappa, N. Xu, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Fano resonances in terahertz metasurfaces: a figure of merit optimization,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3 (11), 1537–1543 (2015).
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D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Ultrafast manipulation of near field coupling between bright and dark modes in terahertz metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(1), 011122 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, D. R. Chowdhury, L. Cong, C. Rockstuhl, and W. Zhang, “Probing the transition from an uncoupled to a strong near-field coupled regime between bright and dark mode resonators in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(8), 081108 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Cheng, S. Chen, P. Yu, X. Duan, B. Xie, and J. Tian, “Dynamically tunable plasmonically induced transparency in periodically patterned graphene nanostrips,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 203112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Pitchappa, M. Manjappa, C. P. Ho, R. Singh, N. Singh, and C. Lee, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency with dual dark mode excitation pathways using MEMS based tri-atomic metamolecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(21), 211103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, C. Min, and G. Veronis, “Subwavelength slow-light waveguides based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(12), 143117 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, S. Y. Chiam, L. Cong, A. A. Bettiol, and W. Zhang, “Tailoring the slow light behavior in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

Y. Liu and X. Zhang, ”Metamaterials: a new frontier of science and technology,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 40(5), 2494–2507 (2011).
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IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

X. Zhang, Q. Li, W. Cao, J. Gu, R. Singh, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Polarization-independent plasmon-induced transparency in a fourfold symmetric terahertz metamaterial,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8400707 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

Z. Geng, Y. Wang, Y. Cao, and H. Chen, “Multilayer flexible metamaterials with fano resonances,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(8), 1–9 (2016).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. E. Mun, K. Lee, H. Yun, and B. Lee, “Polarization-independent plasmon-induced transparency in a symmetric metamaterial,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(22), 2581–2584 (2016).
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J. Chen, Z. Li, S. Yue, J. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “Plasmon-induced transparency in asymmetric T-shape single slit,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2494–2498 (2012).
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N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2009).
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Nanotechnology (1)

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 243(21), 214003 (2013).
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Nat. Commun. (1)

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, and A. J. Taylor, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
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Nature (2)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. Shin, M. H. Kwak, K. Y. Kang, Y. H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Min, “A terahertz metamaterial with unnaturally high refractive index,” Nature 470(7334), 369–373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (6)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

J. A. Souza, L. Cabral, P. R. Oliveira, and C. J. Villas-Boas, “Electromagnetically-induced-transparency-related phenomena and their mechanical analogs,” Phys. Rev. A 92(2), 023818 (2005).
[Crossref]

Z. Bai and G. Huang, “Plasmon dromions in a metamaterial via plasmon-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 93(1), 013818 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Gong, and J. Liang, “Tunable slow light based on plasmon-induced transparency in dual-stub-coupled waveguide,” Phys. Rev. A 27(1), 89–92 (2015).

Phys. Rev. B (4)

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94 (16), 161103 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigen mode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(8), 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 80(3), 035104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (3)

E. Philip, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Plasmon-induced transparency by hybridizing concentric-twisted double split ring resonators,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15735 (2014).

Z. Bai, G. Huang, L. Liu, and S. Zhang, “Giant Kerr nonlinearity and low-power gigahertz solitons via plasmon-induced transparency,” Sci. Rep. 5, 153103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhu, X. Hu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “On-chip plasmon-induced transparency based on plasmonic coupled nanocavities,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3752 (2014).
[PubMed]

Science (1)

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

C. Caloz and T. Itoh, Electromagnetic Metamaterials: Transmission Line Theory and Microwave Applications (John Wiley & Sons, 2005).

G. V. Eleftheriades and N. Engheta, “Metamaterials: fundamentals and applications in the microwave and optical regimes,” in Proceedings of the IEEE (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1618–1621.
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the planar metamaterial geometry comprising of a cut-wire and two C shaped resonators. (b) Transmission Plot for CW, 2C and the PIT effect for the y-polarized incident light.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Electric field profiles of (a) the CW structures, (b) the 2C structures and (c) the proposed PIT metamaterial. The green arrow signifies the direction of electric field of incident polarization.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission versus frequency for different distances ‘d’ of the proposed terahertz metamaterials geometry exhibiting PIT effect. A decrease in the distance ‘d’ results in the broadening of the transparency window.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

An equivalent circuit model for the proposed PIT metamaterial shown in Fig. 1(a).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transmission plot for the proposed metamaterial structure obtained using the semi-analytical model.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Terahertz transmission through CW structure for the (a) x-polarized and (b) y-polarized incident terahertz. The green arrow indicates the direction of electric field polarization of incident light. (c) and (d) represent the terahertz transmission for the 4C structure for the two polarizations. (e) and (f) correspond to the PIT effect for both the polarizations. The inset in the figures show the corresponding metamaterials geometry.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Absolute value of electric field profile for cross structure for (a) x-polarized and (b) y-polarized light at the resonance frequency f = 1.0 THz. Electric field profile for 4C structure for (c) x-polarized and (d) y-polarized light at the resonance frequency f = 1.0 THz. Electric field profile for the PIT metamaterial structure at the PIT dip for the x-polarized and y-polarized light are depicted in (e) and (f). The incident electric field is parallel to the direction of the green arrow.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Transmission for a metamaterial comprising of a cross and 4C resonators: (a) x-polarized light and (b) y-polarized light for different values of ‘d’.

Equations (2)

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( i 1 i 2 ) = ( j ω L 1 + R 1 + 1 j ω C 1 1 j ω C c 1 j ω C c j ω L 2 + R 2 + 1 j ω C 2 ) 1 ( V 0 ) .
t ( ω ) = 2 Z 21 R 01 R 02 ( Z 11 + Z 01 ) ( Z 22 + Z 02 ) Z 12 Z 21 ,

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