Abstract

Absorption and scattering by molecules, aerosols and hydrosols, and the reflection and transmission over the sea surface can modify the original polarization state of sunlight. However, water-leaving radiance polarization, containing embedded water constituent information, has largely been neglected. Here, the efficiency of the parallel polarization radiance (PPR) for enhancing ocean color signal of suspended particulate matter is examined via vector radiative transfer simulations and laboratory experiments. The simulation results demonstrate that the PPR has a slightly higher ocean color signal at the top-of-atmosphere as compared with that of the total radiance. Moreover, both the simulations and laboratory measurements reveal that, compared with total radiance, PPR can effectively enhance the normalized ocean color signal for a large range of observation geometries, wavelengths, and suspended particle concentrations. Thus, PPR has great potential for improving the ocean color signal detection from satellite.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Platt and S. Sathyendranath, “Oceanic primary production: estimation by remote sensing at local and regional scales,” Science 241(4873), 1613–1620 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. W. Balch, R. Evans, J. Brown, G. Feldman, C. Mcclain, and W. Esaias, “The remote sensing of ocean primary productivity - use of a new data compilation to test satellite algorithms,” J. Geophys. Res. 97(C2), 2279–2293 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Babin, S. Bélanger, I. Ellingsen, A. Forest, V. Le Fouest, T. Lacour, M. Ardyna, and D. Slagstad, “Estimation of primary production in the Arctic Ocean using ocean colour remote sensing and coupled physical-biological models: strengths, limitations and how they compare,” Prog. Oceanogr. 139, 197–220 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. G. Fichot and W. L. Miller, “An approach to quantify depth-resolved marine photochemical fluxes using remote sensing: application to carbon monoxide (CO) photoproduction,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(7), 1363–1377 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, D. F. Wang, B. Y. Tao, and Q. K. Zhu, “Remote sensing of salinity from satellite-derived CDOM in the Changjiang River dominated East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(1), 227–243 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. Bai, X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Y. Kang, X. Y. Chen, and W. J. Cai, “Summertime Changjiang River plume variation during 1998–2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 119(9), 6238–6257 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Bai, T. H. Huang, X. Q. He, S. L. Wang, Y. C. Hsin, C. R. Wu, W. Zhai, H.-K. Lui, and C.-T. A. Chen, “Intrusion of the Pearl River plume into the main channel of the Taiwan Strait in summer,” J. Sea Res. 95, 1–15 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  8. Y. Bai, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, W. D. Zhai, D. L. Pan, M. H. Dai, and P. S. Yu, “A mechanistic semi-analytical method for remotely sensing sea surface pCO2 in river-dominated coastal oceans: a case study from the East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 120(3), 2331–2349 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  9. X. Q. He, D. Xu, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, X. Y. Chen, and F. Gong, “Eddy-entrained Pearl River plume into the oligotrophic basin of the South China Sea,” Cont. Shelf Res. 124, 117–124 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  10. X. Q. He, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Q. Cheng, D. Wang, and F. Gong, “Satellite views of seasonal and inter-annual variability of phytoplankton blooms in the eastern China seas over the past 14 yr (1998–2011),” Biogeosciences 10(7), 4721–4739 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  11. W. W. Gregg, M. E. Conkright, P. Ginoux, J. E. O’Reilly, and N. W. Casey, “Ocean primary production and climate: global decadal changes,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(15), 157–168 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. J. Behrenfeld, K. Worthington, R. M. Sherrell, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, M. McPhaden, and D. M. Shea, “Controls on tropical Pacific Ocean productivity revealed through nutrient stress diagnostics,” Nature 442(7106), 1025–1028 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Z. H. Mao, T. Y. Wang, and Z. Z. Hao, “A practical method for on-orbit estimation of polarization response of satellite ocean color sensor,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.. 54(4), 1967–1976 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  14. T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, A. Tonizzo, J. Chowdhary, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Polarization impacts on the water-leaving radiance retrieval from above-water radiometric measurements,” Appl. Opt. 51(35), 8324–8340 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. R. Foster and A. Gilerson, “Polarized transfer functions of the ocean surface for above-surface determination of the vector submarine light field,” Appl. Opt. 55(33), 9476–9494 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. G. Meister, E. J. Kwiatkowska, B. A. Franz, F. S. Patt, G. C. Feldman, and C. R. McClain, “Moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer ocean color polarization correction,” Appl. Opt. 44(26), 5524–5535 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. G. W. Kattawar, G. N. Plass, and J. A. Guinn., “Monte Carlo calculations of the polarization of radiation in the earth’s atmosphere-ocean system,” J. Phys. Oceanogr. 3(4), 353–372 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. Chami, R. Santer, and E. Dilligeard, “Radiative transfer model for the computation of radiance and polarization in an ocean-atmosphere system: polarization properties of suspended matter for remote sensing,” Appl. Opt. 40(15), 2398–2416 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. M. Chami and D. McKee, “Determination of biogeochemical properties of marine particles using above water measurements of the degree of polarization at the Brewster angle,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9494–9509 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. M. Chami and M. D. Platel, “Sensitivity of the retrieval of the inherent optical properties of marine particles in coastal waters to the directional variations and the polarization of the reflectance,” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C5), 395–412 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  21. A. Gilerson, J. Zhou, M. Oo, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of chlorophyll fluorescence from reflectance spectra through polarization discrimination: modeling and experiments,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5568–5581 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. A. Gilerson, M. Oo, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. A. Ahmed, “Polarization discrimination fluorescence retrieval from reflectance spectra of algae in seawater: comparison of multicomponent Mie scattering and polarized radiative transfer models with laboratory and field tests,” Proc. SPIE 5977, 597708 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. Ibrahim, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Tonizzo, J. Chowdhary, and S. Ahmed, “The relationship between upwelling underwater polarization and attenuation/absorption ratio,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25662–25680 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. M. Chami, “Importance of the polarization in the retrieval of oceanic constituents from the remote sensing reflectance,” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C5), 395–412 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  25. A. Gilerson, A. Ibrahim, R. Foster, C. Carrizo, A. Elhabashi, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of water optical properties using polarization of light underwater: case I and II waters,” Proc. SPIE 9240, 1235–1242 (2014).
  26. M. Dubreuil, P. Delrot, I. Leonard, A. Alfalou, C. Brosseau, and A. Dogariu, “Exploring underwater target detection by imaging polarimetry and correlation techniques,” Appl. Opt. 52(5), 997–1005 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. A. Gilerson, C. Carrizo, A. Tonizzo, A. Ibrahim, A. El-Habashi, R. Foster, and S. Ahmed, “Polarimetric imaging of underwater targets,” Proc. SPIE 8724, 872403 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  28. J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. D. Travis, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using multispectral and multiangle photopolarimetric measurements from the research scanning polarimeter,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28(2), 243–246 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  29. J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, and L. D. Travis, “Case Studies of Aerosol Retrievals over the Ocean from Multiangle, Multispectral Photopolarimetric Remote Sensing Data,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 383–397 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  30. F. M. Bréon and P. Goloub, “Cloud droplet effective radius from spaceborne polarization measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25(11), 1879–1882 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  31. H. Loisel, L. Duforet, D. Dessailly, M. Chami, and P. Dubuisson, “Investigation of the variations in the water leaving polarized reflectance from the POLDER satellite data over two biogeochemical contrasted oceanic areas,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12905–12918 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. X. He, D. Pan, Y. Bai, D. Wang, and Z. Hao, “A new simple concept for ocean colour remote sensing using parallel polarisation radiance,” Sci. Rep. 4(6168), 3748 (2014).
    [PubMed]
  33. X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “Vector radiative transfer numerical model of coupled ocean-atmosphere system using matrix-operator method,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 50(3), 442–452 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  34. X. Q. He, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “A vector radiative transfer model of coupled ocean–atmosphere system using matrix-operator method for rough sea-surface,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(10), 1426–1448 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  35. A. T. Young, “Revised depolarization corrections for atmospheric extinction,” Appl. Opt. 19(20), 3427–3428 (1980).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. R. C. Smith and K. S. Baker, “Optical properties of the clearest natural waters (200-800 nm),” Appl. Opt. 20(2), 177–184 (1981).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. A. Morel and L. Prieur, “Analysis of variation in coean color,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 22(4), 709–722 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  38. D. G. Bowers, S. Boudjelas, and G. E. L. Harker, “The distribution of fine suspended sediments in the surface waters of the Irish Sea and its relation to tidal stirring,” Intern. J. Rem. Sens. 19(14), 2789–2805 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  39. H. Neckel and D. Labs, “The solar radiation between 3300 and 12500 Å,” Sol. Phys. 90(2), 205–258 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  40. A. Tonizzo, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Ibrahim, J. Chowdhary, B. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. Ahmed, “Estimating particle composition and size distribution from polarized water-leaving radiance,” Appl. Opt. 50(25), 5047–5058 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  41. J. K. Lotsberg and J. J. Stamnes, “Impact of particulate oceanic composition on the radiance and polarization of underwater and backscattered light,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10432–10445 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  42. A. Tonizzo, J. Zhou, A. Gilerson, M. S. Twardowski, D. J. Gray, R. A. Arnone, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. A. Ahmed, “Polarized light in coastal waters: hyperspectral and multiangular analysis,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5666–5683 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  43. D. Antoine and A. Morel, “Relative importance of multiple scattering by air molecules and aerosols in forming the atmospheric path radiance in the visible and near-infrared parts of the spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 37(12), 2245–2259 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  44. O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 590–608 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  45. O. P. Hasekamp and J. Landgraf, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean from multispectral single-viewing-angle measurements of intensity and polarization: retrieval approach, information content, and sensitivity study,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(110), 1–16 (2005).
  46. A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  47. T. Harmel and M. Chami, “Influence of polarimetric satellite data measured in the visible region on aerosol detection and on the performance of atmospheric correction procedure over open ocean waters,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20960–20983 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  48. X. He, Y. Bai, D. Pan, J. Tang, and D. Wang, “Atmospheric correction of satellite ocean color imagery using the ultraviolet wavelength for highly turbid waters,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20754–20770 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  49. X. He, D. Pan, Y. Bai, Q. Zhu, and F. Gong, “Evaluation of the aerosol models for SeaWiFS and MODIS by AERONET data over open oceans,” Appl. Opt. 50(22), 4353–4364 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

X. Q. He, D. Xu, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, X. Y. Chen, and F. Gong, “Eddy-entrained Pearl River plume into the oligotrophic basin of the South China Sea,” Cont. Shelf Res. 124, 117–124 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Z. H. Mao, T. Y. Wang, and Z. Z. Hao, “A practical method for on-orbit estimation of polarization response of satellite ocean color sensor,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.. 54(4), 1967–1976 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Foster and A. Gilerson, “Polarized transfer functions of the ocean surface for above-surface determination of the vector submarine light field,” Appl. Opt. 55(33), 9476–9494 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

M. Babin, S. Bélanger, I. Ellingsen, A. Forest, V. Le Fouest, T. Lacour, M. Ardyna, and D. Slagstad, “Estimation of primary production in the Arctic Ocean using ocean colour remote sensing and coupled physical-biological models: strengths, limitations and how they compare,” Prog. Oceanogr. 139, 197–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, T. H. Huang, X. Q. He, S. L. Wang, Y. C. Hsin, C. R. Wu, W. Zhai, H.-K. Lui, and C.-T. A. Chen, “Intrusion of the Pearl River plume into the main channel of the Taiwan Strait in summer,” J. Sea Res. 95, 1–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, W. D. Zhai, D. L. Pan, M. H. Dai, and P. S. Yu, “A mechanistic semi-analytical method for remotely sensing sea surface pCO2 in river-dominated coastal oceans: a case study from the East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 120(3), 2331–2349 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

Y. Bai, X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Y. Kang, X. Y. Chen, and W. J. Cai, “Summertime Changjiang River plume variation during 1998–2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 119(9), 6238–6257 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Gilerson, A. Ibrahim, R. Foster, C. Carrizo, A. Elhabashi, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of water optical properties using polarization of light underwater: case I and II waters,” Proc. SPIE 9240, 1235–1242 (2014).

X. He, D. Pan, Y. Bai, D. Wang, and Z. Hao, “A new simple concept for ocean colour remote sensing using parallel polarisation radiance,” Sci. Rep. 4(6168), 3748 (2014).
[PubMed]

2013 (4)

M. Dubreuil, P. Delrot, I. Leonard, A. Alfalou, C. Brosseau, and A. Dogariu, “Exploring underwater target detection by imaging polarimetry and correlation techniques,” Appl. Opt. 52(5), 997–1005 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gilerson, C. Carrizo, A. Tonizzo, A. Ibrahim, A. El-Habashi, R. Foster, and S. Ahmed, “Polarimetric imaging of underwater targets,” Proc. SPIE 8724, 872403 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, D. F. Wang, B. Y. Tao, and Q. K. Zhu, “Remote sensing of salinity from satellite-derived CDOM in the Changjiang River dominated East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(1), 227–243 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Q. Cheng, D. Wang, and F. Gong, “Satellite views of seasonal and inter-annual variability of phytoplankton blooms in the eastern China seas over the past 14 yr (1998–2011),” Biogeosciences 10(7), 4721–4739 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2011 (3)

2010 (4)

J. K. Lotsberg and J. J. Stamnes, “Impact of particulate oceanic composition on the radiance and polarization of underwater and backscattered light,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10432–10445 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “A vector radiative transfer model of coupled ocean–atmosphere system using matrix-operator method for rough sea-surface,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(10), 1426–1448 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. G. Fichot and W. L. Miller, “An approach to quantify depth-resolved marine photochemical fluxes using remote sensing: application to carbon monoxide (CO) photoproduction,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(7), 1363–1377 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (4)

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “Vector radiative transfer numerical model of coupled ocean-atmosphere system using matrix-operator method,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 50(3), 442–452 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Chami, “Importance of the polarization in the retrieval of oceanic constituents from the remote sensing reflectance,” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C5), 395–412 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Chami and D. McKee, “Determination of biogeochemical properties of marine particles using above water measurements of the degree of polarization at the Brewster angle,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9494–9509 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chami and M. D. Platel, “Sensitivity of the retrieval of the inherent optical properties of marine particles in coastal waters to the directional variations and the polarization of the reflectance,” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C5), 395–412 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

A. Gilerson, J. Zhou, M. Oo, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of chlorophyll fluorescence from reflectance spectra through polarization discrimination: modeling and experiments,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5568–5581 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Behrenfeld, K. Worthington, R. M. Sherrell, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, M. McPhaden, and D. M. Shea, “Controls on tropical Pacific Ocean productivity revealed through nutrient stress diagnostics,” Nature 442(7106), 1025–1028 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

G. Meister, E. J. Kwiatkowska, B. A. Franz, F. S. Patt, G. C. Feldman, and C. R. McClain, “Moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer ocean color polarization correction,” Appl. Opt. 44(26), 5524–5535 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gilerson, M. Oo, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. A. Ahmed, “Polarization discrimination fluorescence retrieval from reflectance spectra of algae in seawater: comparison of multicomponent Mie scattering and polarized radiative transfer models with laboratory and field tests,” Proc. SPIE 5977, 597708 (2005).
[Crossref]

O. P. Hasekamp and J. Landgraf, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean from multispectral single-viewing-angle measurements of intensity and polarization: retrieval approach, information content, and sensitivity study,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(110), 1–16 (2005).

2003 (1)

W. W. Gregg, M. E. Conkright, P. Ginoux, J. E. O’Reilly, and N. W. Casey, “Ocean primary production and climate: global decadal changes,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(15), 157–168 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, and L. D. Travis, “Case Studies of Aerosol Retrievals over the Ocean from Multiangle, Multispectral Photopolarimetric Remote Sensing Data,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 383–397 (2002).
[Crossref]

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. D. Travis, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using multispectral and multiangle photopolarimetric measurements from the research scanning polarimeter,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28(2), 243–246 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Chami, R. Santer, and E. Dilligeard, “Radiative transfer model for the computation of radiance and polarization in an ocean-atmosphere system: polarization properties of suspended matter for remote sensing,” Appl. Opt. 40(15), 2398–2416 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (3)

F. M. Bréon and P. Goloub, “Cloud droplet effective radius from spaceborne polarization measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25(11), 1879–1882 (1998).
[Crossref]

D. Antoine and A. Morel, “Relative importance of multiple scattering by air molecules and aerosols in forming the atmospheric path radiance in the visible and near-infrared parts of the spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 37(12), 2245–2259 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Bowers, S. Boudjelas, and G. E. L. Harker, “The distribution of fine suspended sediments in the surface waters of the Irish Sea and its relation to tidal stirring,” Intern. J. Rem. Sens. 19(14), 2789–2805 (1998).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

W. Balch, R. Evans, J. Brown, G. Feldman, C. Mcclain, and W. Esaias, “The remote sensing of ocean primary productivity - use of a new data compilation to test satellite algorithms,” J. Geophys. Res. 97(C2), 2279–2293 (1992).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

T. Platt and S. Sathyendranath, “Oceanic primary production: estimation by remote sensing at local and regional scales,” Science 241(4873), 1613–1620 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

H. Neckel and D. Labs, “The solar radiation between 3300 and 12500 Å,” Sol. Phys. 90(2), 205–258 (1984).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

1980 (1)

1977 (1)

A. Morel and L. Prieur, “Analysis of variation in coean color,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 22(4), 709–722 (1977).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

G. W. Kattawar, G. N. Plass, and J. A. Guinn., “Monte Carlo calculations of the polarization of radiation in the earth’s atmosphere-ocean system,” J. Phys. Oceanogr. 3(4), 353–372 (1973).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, S.

Ahmed, S. A.

A. Tonizzo, J. Zhou, A. Gilerson, M. S. Twardowski, D. J. Gray, R. A. Arnone, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. A. Ahmed, “Polarized light in coastal waters: hyperspectral and multiangular analysis,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5666–5683 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gilerson, M. Oo, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. A. Ahmed, “Polarization discrimination fluorescence retrieval from reflectance spectra of algae in seawater: comparison of multicomponent Mie scattering and polarized radiative transfer models with laboratory and field tests,” Proc. SPIE 5977, 597708 (2005).
[Crossref]

Alfalou, A.

Antoine, D.

Ardyna, M.

M. Babin, S. Bélanger, I. Ellingsen, A. Forest, V. Le Fouest, T. Lacour, M. Ardyna, and D. Slagstad, “Estimation of primary production in the Arctic Ocean using ocean colour remote sensing and coupled physical-biological models: strengths, limitations and how they compare,” Prog. Oceanogr. 139, 197–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Arnone, R.

Arnone, R. A.

Babin, M.

M. Babin, S. Bélanger, I. Ellingsen, A. Forest, V. Le Fouest, T. Lacour, M. Ardyna, and D. Slagstad, “Estimation of primary production in the Arctic Ocean using ocean colour remote sensing and coupled physical-biological models: strengths, limitations and how they compare,” Prog. Oceanogr. 139, 197–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bai, Y.

X. Q. He, D. Xu, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, X. Y. Chen, and F. Gong, “Eddy-entrained Pearl River plume into the oligotrophic basin of the South China Sea,” Cont. Shelf Res. 124, 117–124 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Z. H. Mao, T. Y. Wang, and Z. Z. Hao, “A practical method for on-orbit estimation of polarization response of satellite ocean color sensor,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.. 54(4), 1967–1976 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, W. D. Zhai, D. L. Pan, M. H. Dai, and P. S. Yu, “A mechanistic semi-analytical method for remotely sensing sea surface pCO2 in river-dominated coastal oceans: a case study from the East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 120(3), 2331–2349 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, T. H. Huang, X. Q. He, S. L. Wang, Y. C. Hsin, C. R. Wu, W. Zhai, H.-K. Lui, and C.-T. A. Chen, “Intrusion of the Pearl River plume into the main channel of the Taiwan Strait in summer,” J. Sea Res. 95, 1–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Y. Kang, X. Y. Chen, and W. J. Cai, “Summertime Changjiang River plume variation during 1998–2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 119(9), 6238–6257 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. He, D. Pan, Y. Bai, D. Wang, and Z. Hao, “A new simple concept for ocean colour remote sensing using parallel polarisation radiance,” Sci. Rep. 4(6168), 3748 (2014).
[PubMed]

Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, D. F. Wang, B. Y. Tao, and Q. K. Zhu, “Remote sensing of salinity from satellite-derived CDOM in the Changjiang River dominated East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(1), 227–243 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Q. Cheng, D. Wang, and F. Gong, “Satellite views of seasonal and inter-annual variability of phytoplankton blooms in the eastern China seas over the past 14 yr (1998–2011),” Biogeosciences 10(7), 4721–4739 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. He, Y. Bai, D. Pan, J. Tang, and D. Wang, “Atmospheric correction of satellite ocean color imagery using the ultraviolet wavelength for highly turbid waters,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20754–20770 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. He, D. Pan, Y. Bai, Q. Zhu, and F. Gong, “Evaluation of the aerosol models for SeaWiFS and MODIS by AERONET data over open oceans,” Appl. Opt. 50(22), 4353–4364 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “A vector radiative transfer model of coupled ocean–atmosphere system using matrix-operator method for rough sea-surface,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(10), 1426–1448 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “Vector radiative transfer numerical model of coupled ocean-atmosphere system using matrix-operator method,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 50(3), 442–452 (2007).
[Crossref]

Baker, K. S.

Balch, W.

W. Balch, R. Evans, J. Brown, G. Feldman, C. Mcclain, and W. Esaias, “The remote sensing of ocean primary productivity - use of a new data compilation to test satellite algorithms,” J. Geophys. Res. 97(C2), 2279–2293 (1992).
[Crossref]

Behrenfeld, M. J.

M. J. Behrenfeld, K. Worthington, R. M. Sherrell, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, M. McPhaden, and D. M. Shea, “Controls on tropical Pacific Ocean productivity revealed through nutrient stress diagnostics,” Nature 442(7106), 1025–1028 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bélanger, S.

M. Babin, S. Bélanger, I. Ellingsen, A. Forest, V. Le Fouest, T. Lacour, M. Ardyna, and D. Slagstad, “Estimation of primary production in the Arctic Ocean using ocean colour remote sensing and coupled physical-biological models: strengths, limitations and how they compare,” Prog. Oceanogr. 139, 197–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Boudjelas, S.

D. G. Bowers, S. Boudjelas, and G. E. L. Harker, “The distribution of fine suspended sediments in the surface waters of the Irish Sea and its relation to tidal stirring,” Intern. J. Rem. Sens. 19(14), 2789–2805 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bowers, D. G.

D. G. Bowers, S. Boudjelas, and G. E. L. Harker, “The distribution of fine suspended sediments in the surface waters of the Irish Sea and its relation to tidal stirring,” Intern. J. Rem. Sens. 19(14), 2789–2805 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bréon, F. M.

F. M. Bréon and P. Goloub, “Cloud droplet effective radius from spaceborne polarization measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25(11), 1879–1882 (1998).
[Crossref]

Brosseau, C.

Brown, J.

W. Balch, R. Evans, J. Brown, G. Feldman, C. Mcclain, and W. Esaias, “The remote sensing of ocean primary productivity - use of a new data compilation to test satellite algorithms,” J. Geophys. Res. 97(C2), 2279–2293 (1992).
[Crossref]

Cai, W. J.

Y. Bai, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, W. D. Zhai, D. L. Pan, M. H. Dai, and P. S. Yu, “A mechanistic semi-analytical method for remotely sensing sea surface pCO2 in river-dominated coastal oceans: a case study from the East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 120(3), 2331–2349 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Y. Kang, X. Y. Chen, and W. J. Cai, “Summertime Changjiang River plume variation during 1998–2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 119(9), 6238–6257 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, D. F. Wang, B. Y. Tao, and Q. K. Zhu, “Remote sensing of salinity from satellite-derived CDOM in the Changjiang River dominated East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(1), 227–243 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cairns, B.

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, and L. D. Travis, “Case Studies of Aerosol Retrievals over the Ocean from Multiangle, Multispectral Photopolarimetric Remote Sensing Data,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 383–397 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. D. Travis, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using multispectral and multiangle photopolarimetric measurements from the research scanning polarimeter,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28(2), 243–246 (2001).
[Crossref]

Carrizo, C.

A. Gilerson, A. Ibrahim, R. Foster, C. Carrizo, A. Elhabashi, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of water optical properties using polarization of light underwater: case I and II waters,” Proc. SPIE 9240, 1235–1242 (2014).

A. Gilerson, C. Carrizo, A. Tonizzo, A. Ibrahim, A. El-Habashi, R. Foster, and S. Ahmed, “Polarimetric imaging of underwater targets,” Proc. SPIE 8724, 872403 (2013).
[Crossref]

Casey, N. W.

W. W. Gregg, M. E. Conkright, P. Ginoux, J. E. O’Reilly, and N. W. Casey, “Ocean primary production and climate: global decadal changes,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(15), 157–168 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chami, M.

T. Harmel and M. Chami, “Influence of polarimetric satellite data measured in the visible region on aerosol detection and on the performance of atmospheric correction procedure over open ocean waters,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20960–20983 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Loisel, L. Duforet, D. Dessailly, M. Chami, and P. Dubuisson, “Investigation of the variations in the water leaving polarized reflectance from the POLDER satellite data over two biogeochemical contrasted oceanic areas,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12905–12918 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chami and D. McKee, “Determination of biogeochemical properties of marine particles using above water measurements of the degree of polarization at the Brewster angle,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9494–9509 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chami, “Importance of the polarization in the retrieval of oceanic constituents from the remote sensing reflectance,” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C5), 395–412 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Chami and M. D. Platel, “Sensitivity of the retrieval of the inherent optical properties of marine particles in coastal waters to the directional variations and the polarization of the reflectance,” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C5), 395–412 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Chami, R. Santer, and E. Dilligeard, “Radiative transfer model for the computation of radiance and polarization in an ocean-atmosphere system: polarization properties of suspended matter for remote sensing,” Appl. Opt. 40(15), 2398–2416 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chavez, F. P.

M. J. Behrenfeld, K. Worthington, R. M. Sherrell, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, M. McPhaden, and D. M. Shea, “Controls on tropical Pacific Ocean productivity revealed through nutrient stress diagnostics,” Nature 442(7106), 1025–1028 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C. T. A.

X. Q. He, D. Xu, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, X. Y. Chen, and F. Gong, “Eddy-entrained Pearl River plume into the oligotrophic basin of the South China Sea,” Cont. Shelf Res. 124, 117–124 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Y. Kang, X. Y. Chen, and W. J. Cai, “Summertime Changjiang River plume variation during 1998–2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 119(9), 6238–6257 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Q. Cheng, D. Wang, and F. Gong, “Satellite views of seasonal and inter-annual variability of phytoplankton blooms in the eastern China seas over the past 14 yr (1998–2011),” Biogeosciences 10(7), 4721–4739 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.-T. A.

Y. Bai, T. H. Huang, X. Q. He, S. L. Wang, Y. C. Hsin, C. R. Wu, W. Zhai, H.-K. Lui, and C.-T. A. Chen, “Intrusion of the Pearl River plume into the main channel of the Taiwan Strait in summer,” J. Sea Res. 95, 1–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. Y.

X. Q. He, D. Xu, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, X. Y. Chen, and F. Gong, “Eddy-entrained Pearl River plume into the oligotrophic basin of the South China Sea,” Cont. Shelf Res. 124, 117–124 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Y. Kang, X. Y. Chen, and W. J. Cai, “Summertime Changjiang River plume variation during 1998–2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 119(9), 6238–6257 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Q.

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Q. Cheng, D. Wang, and F. Gong, “Satellite views of seasonal and inter-annual variability of phytoplankton blooms in the eastern China seas over the past 14 yr (1998–2011),” Biogeosciences 10(7), 4721–4739 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chowdhary, J.

A. Ibrahim, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Tonizzo, J. Chowdhary, and S. Ahmed, “The relationship between upwelling underwater polarization and attenuation/absorption ratio,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25662–25680 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, A. Tonizzo, J. Chowdhary, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Polarization impacts on the water-leaving radiance retrieval from above-water radiometric measurements,” Appl. Opt. 51(35), 8324–8340 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Tonizzo, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Ibrahim, J. Chowdhary, B. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. Ahmed, “Estimating particle composition and size distribution from polarized water-leaving radiance,” Appl. Opt. 50(25), 5047–5058 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Gilerson, J. Zhou, M. Oo, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of chlorophyll fluorescence from reflectance spectra through polarization discrimination: modeling and experiments,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5568–5581 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gilerson, M. Oo, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. A. Ahmed, “Polarization discrimination fluorescence retrieval from reflectance spectra of algae in seawater: comparison of multicomponent Mie scattering and polarized radiative transfer models with laboratory and field tests,” Proc. SPIE 5977, 597708 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, and L. D. Travis, “Case Studies of Aerosol Retrievals over the Ocean from Multiangle, Multispectral Photopolarimetric Remote Sensing Data,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 383–397 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. D. Travis, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using multispectral and multiangle photopolarimetric measurements from the research scanning polarimeter,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28(2), 243–246 (2001).
[Crossref]

Conkright, M. E.

W. W. Gregg, M. E. Conkright, P. Ginoux, J. E. O’Reilly, and N. W. Casey, “Ocean primary production and climate: global decadal changes,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(15), 157–168 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dai, M. H.

Y. Bai, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, W. D. Zhai, D. L. Pan, M. H. Dai, and P. S. Yu, “A mechanistic semi-analytical method for remotely sensing sea surface pCO2 in river-dominated coastal oceans: a case study from the East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 120(3), 2331–2349 (2015).
[Crossref]

Delrot, P.

Dessailly, D.

Deuzé, J. L.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dilligeard, E.

Diner, D. J.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dogariu, A.

Dubovik, O.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dubreuil, M.

Dubuisson, P.

Ducos, F.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Duforet, L.

Eck, T. F.

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[Crossref]

Elhabashi, A.

A. Gilerson, A. Ibrahim, R. Foster, C. Carrizo, A. Elhabashi, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of water optical properties using polarization of light underwater: case I and II waters,” Proc. SPIE 9240, 1235–1242 (2014).

El-Habashi, A.

A. Gilerson, C. Carrizo, A. Tonizzo, A. Ibrahim, A. El-Habashi, R. Foster, and S. Ahmed, “Polarimetric imaging of underwater targets,” Proc. SPIE 8724, 872403 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ellingsen, I.

M. Babin, S. Bélanger, I. Ellingsen, A. Forest, V. Le Fouest, T. Lacour, M. Ardyna, and D. Slagstad, “Estimation of primary production in the Arctic Ocean using ocean colour remote sensing and coupled physical-biological models: strengths, limitations and how they compare,” Prog. Oceanogr. 139, 197–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Emde, C.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Esaias, W.

W. Balch, R. Evans, J. Brown, G. Feldman, C. Mcclain, and W. Esaias, “The remote sensing of ocean primary productivity - use of a new data compilation to test satellite algorithms,” J. Geophys. Res. 97(C2), 2279–2293 (1992).
[Crossref]

Evans, R.

W. Balch, R. Evans, J. Brown, G. Feldman, C. Mcclain, and W. Esaias, “The remote sensing of ocean primary productivity - use of a new data compilation to test satellite algorithms,” J. Geophys. Res. 97(C2), 2279–2293 (1992).
[Crossref]

Feldman, G.

W. Balch, R. Evans, J. Brown, G. Feldman, C. Mcclain, and W. Esaias, “The remote sensing of ocean primary productivity - use of a new data compilation to test satellite algorithms,” J. Geophys. Res. 97(C2), 2279–2293 (1992).
[Crossref]

Feldman, G. C.

Fichot, C. G.

C. G. Fichot and W. L. Miller, “An approach to quantify depth-resolved marine photochemical fluxes using remote sensing: application to carbon monoxide (CO) photoproduction,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(7), 1363–1377 (2010).
[Crossref]

Forest, A.

M. Babin, S. Bélanger, I. Ellingsen, A. Forest, V. Le Fouest, T. Lacour, M. Ardyna, and D. Slagstad, “Estimation of primary production in the Arctic Ocean using ocean colour remote sensing and coupled physical-biological models: strengths, limitations and how they compare,” Prog. Oceanogr. 139, 197–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Foster, R.

R. Foster and A. Gilerson, “Polarized transfer functions of the ocean surface for above-surface determination of the vector submarine light field,” Appl. Opt. 55(33), 9476–9494 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gilerson, A. Ibrahim, R. Foster, C. Carrizo, A. Elhabashi, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of water optical properties using polarization of light underwater: case I and II waters,” Proc. SPIE 9240, 1235–1242 (2014).

A. Gilerson, C. Carrizo, A. Tonizzo, A. Ibrahim, A. El-Habashi, R. Foster, and S. Ahmed, “Polarimetric imaging of underwater targets,” Proc. SPIE 8724, 872403 (2013).
[Crossref]

Franz, B. A.

Garay, M. J.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gilerson, A.

R. Foster and A. Gilerson, “Polarized transfer functions of the ocean surface for above-surface determination of the vector submarine light field,” Appl. Opt. 55(33), 9476–9494 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gilerson, A. Ibrahim, R. Foster, C. Carrizo, A. Elhabashi, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of water optical properties using polarization of light underwater: case I and II waters,” Proc. SPIE 9240, 1235–1242 (2014).

A. Gilerson, C. Carrizo, A. Tonizzo, A. Ibrahim, A. El-Habashi, R. Foster, and S. Ahmed, “Polarimetric imaging of underwater targets,” Proc. SPIE 8724, 872403 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, A. Tonizzo, J. Chowdhary, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Polarization impacts on the water-leaving radiance retrieval from above-water radiometric measurements,” Appl. Opt. 51(35), 8324–8340 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ibrahim, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Tonizzo, J. Chowdhary, and S. Ahmed, “The relationship between upwelling underwater polarization and attenuation/absorption ratio,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25662–25680 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Tonizzo, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Ibrahim, J. Chowdhary, B. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. Ahmed, “Estimating particle composition and size distribution from polarized water-leaving radiance,” Appl. Opt. 50(25), 5047–5058 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Tonizzo, J. Zhou, A. Gilerson, M. S. Twardowski, D. J. Gray, R. A. Arnone, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. A. Ahmed, “Polarized light in coastal waters: hyperspectral and multiangular analysis,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5666–5683 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gilerson, J. Zhou, M. Oo, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of chlorophyll fluorescence from reflectance spectra through polarization discrimination: modeling and experiments,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5568–5581 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gilerson, M. Oo, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. A. Ahmed, “Polarization discrimination fluorescence retrieval from reflectance spectra of algae in seawater: comparison of multicomponent Mie scattering and polarized radiative transfer models with laboratory and field tests,” Proc. SPIE 5977, 597708 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ginoux, P.

W. W. Gregg, M. E. Conkright, P. Ginoux, J. E. O’Reilly, and N. W. Casey, “Ocean primary production and climate: global decadal changes,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(15), 157–168 (2003).
[Crossref]

Goloub, P.

F. M. Bréon and P. Goloub, “Cloud droplet effective radius from spaceborne polarization measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25(11), 1879–1882 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gong, F.

X. Q. He, D. Xu, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, X. Y. Chen, and F. Gong, “Eddy-entrained Pearl River plume into the oligotrophic basin of the South China Sea,” Cont. Shelf Res. 124, 117–124 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Q. Cheng, D. Wang, and F. Gong, “Satellite views of seasonal and inter-annual variability of phytoplankton blooms in the eastern China seas over the past 14 yr (1998–2011),” Biogeosciences 10(7), 4721–4739 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. He, D. Pan, Y. Bai, Q. Zhu, and F. Gong, “Evaluation of the aerosol models for SeaWiFS and MODIS by AERONET data over open oceans,” Appl. Opt. 50(22), 4353–4364 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “A vector radiative transfer model of coupled ocean–atmosphere system using matrix-operator method for rough sea-surface,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(10), 1426–1448 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “Vector radiative transfer numerical model of coupled ocean-atmosphere system using matrix-operator method,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 50(3), 442–452 (2007).
[Crossref]

Grainger, R. G.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gray, D. J.

Gregg, W. W.

W. W. Gregg, M. E. Conkright, P. Ginoux, J. E. O’Reilly, and N. W. Casey, “Ocean primary production and climate: global decadal changes,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(15), 157–168 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gross, B.

Gross, B. M.

Guinn, J. A.

G. W. Kattawar, G. N. Plass, and J. A. Guinn., “Monte Carlo calculations of the polarization of radiation in the earth’s atmosphere-ocean system,” J. Phys. Oceanogr. 3(4), 353–372 (1973).
[Crossref]

Hao, Z.

X. He, D. Pan, Y. Bai, D. Wang, and Z. Hao, “A new simple concept for ocean colour remote sensing using parallel polarisation radiance,” Sci. Rep. 4(6168), 3748 (2014).
[PubMed]

Hao, Z. Z.

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Z. H. Mao, T. Y. Wang, and Z. Z. Hao, “A practical method for on-orbit estimation of polarization response of satellite ocean color sensor,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.. 54(4), 1967–1976 (2016).
[Crossref]

Harker, G. E. L.

D. G. Bowers, S. Boudjelas, and G. E. L. Harker, “The distribution of fine suspended sediments in the surface waters of the Irish Sea and its relation to tidal stirring,” Intern. J. Rem. Sens. 19(14), 2789–2805 (1998).
[Crossref]

Harmel, T.

Hasekamp, O. P.

O. P. Hasekamp and J. Landgraf, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean from multispectral single-viewing-angle measurements of intensity and polarization: retrieval approach, information content, and sensitivity study,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(110), 1–16 (2005).

He, X.

He, X. Q.

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Z. H. Mao, T. Y. Wang, and Z. Z. Hao, “A practical method for on-orbit estimation of polarization response of satellite ocean color sensor,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.. 54(4), 1967–1976 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, D. Xu, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, X. Y. Chen, and F. Gong, “Eddy-entrained Pearl River plume into the oligotrophic basin of the South China Sea,” Cont. Shelf Res. 124, 117–124 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, W. D. Zhai, D. L. Pan, M. H. Dai, and P. S. Yu, “A mechanistic semi-analytical method for remotely sensing sea surface pCO2 in river-dominated coastal oceans: a case study from the East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 120(3), 2331–2349 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, T. H. Huang, X. Q. He, S. L. Wang, Y. C. Hsin, C. R. Wu, W. Zhai, H.-K. Lui, and C.-T. A. Chen, “Intrusion of the Pearl River plume into the main channel of the Taiwan Strait in summer,” J. Sea Res. 95, 1–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Y. Kang, X. Y. Chen, and W. J. Cai, “Summertime Changjiang River plume variation during 1998–2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 119(9), 6238–6257 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, D. F. Wang, B. Y. Tao, and Q. K. Zhu, “Remote sensing of salinity from satellite-derived CDOM in the Changjiang River dominated East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(1), 227–243 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Q. Cheng, D. Wang, and F. Gong, “Satellite views of seasonal and inter-annual variability of phytoplankton blooms in the eastern China seas over the past 14 yr (1998–2011),” Biogeosciences 10(7), 4721–4739 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “A vector radiative transfer model of coupled ocean–atmosphere system using matrix-operator method for rough sea-surface,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(10), 1426–1448 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “Vector radiative transfer numerical model of coupled ocean-atmosphere system using matrix-operator method,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 50(3), 442–452 (2007).
[Crossref]

Heckel, A.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Herman, M.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Holben, B.

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hsin, Y. C.

Y. Bai, T. H. Huang, X. Q. He, S. L. Wang, Y. C. Hsin, C. R. Wu, W. Zhai, H.-K. Lui, and C.-T. A. Chen, “Intrusion of the Pearl River plume into the main channel of the Taiwan Strait in summer,” J. Sea Res. 95, 1–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, T. H.

Y. Bai, T. H. Huang, X. Q. He, S. L. Wang, Y. C. Hsin, C. R. Wu, W. Zhai, H.-K. Lui, and C.-T. A. Chen, “Intrusion of the Pearl River plume into the main channel of the Taiwan Strait in summer,” J. Sea Res. 95, 1–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ibrahim, A.

A. Gilerson, A. Ibrahim, R. Foster, C. Carrizo, A. Elhabashi, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of water optical properties using polarization of light underwater: case I and II waters,” Proc. SPIE 9240, 1235–1242 (2014).

A. Gilerson, C. Carrizo, A. Tonizzo, A. Ibrahim, A. El-Habashi, R. Foster, and S. Ahmed, “Polarimetric imaging of underwater targets,” Proc. SPIE 8724, 872403 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Ibrahim, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Tonizzo, J. Chowdhary, and S. Ahmed, “The relationship between upwelling underwater polarization and attenuation/absorption ratio,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25662–25680 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Tonizzo, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Ibrahim, J. Chowdhary, B. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. Ahmed, “Estimating particle composition and size distribution from polarized water-leaving radiance,” Appl. Opt. 50(25), 5047–5058 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kang, Y.

Y. Bai, X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Y. Kang, X. Y. Chen, and W. J. Cai, “Summertime Changjiang River plume variation during 1998–2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 119(9), 6238–6257 (2014).
[Crossref]

Katsev, I. L.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kattawar, G. W.

G. W. Kattawar, G. N. Plass, and J. A. Guinn., “Monte Carlo calculations of the polarization of radiation in the earth’s atmosphere-ocean system,” J. Phys. Oceanogr. 3(4), 353–372 (1973).
[Crossref]

Kaufman, Y. J.

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[Crossref]

Keller, J.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

King, M. D.

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kokhanovsky, A. A.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kwiatkowska, E. J.

Labs, D.

H. Neckel and D. Labs, “The solar radiation between 3300 and 12500 Å,” Sol. Phys. 90(2), 205–258 (1984).
[Crossref]

Lacour, T.

M. Babin, S. Bélanger, I. Ellingsen, A. Forest, V. Le Fouest, T. Lacour, M. Ardyna, and D. Slagstad, “Estimation of primary production in the Arctic Ocean using ocean colour remote sensing and coupled physical-biological models: strengths, limitations and how they compare,” Prog. Oceanogr. 139, 197–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Landgraf, J.

O. P. Hasekamp and J. Landgraf, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean from multispectral single-viewing-angle measurements of intensity and polarization: retrieval approach, information content, and sensitivity study,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(110), 1–16 (2005).

Le Fouest, V.

M. Babin, S. Bélanger, I. Ellingsen, A. Forest, V. Le Fouest, T. Lacour, M. Ardyna, and D. Slagstad, “Estimation of primary production in the Arctic Ocean using ocean colour remote sensing and coupled physical-biological models: strengths, limitations and how they compare,” Prog. Oceanogr. 139, 197–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Leonard, I.

Levy, R.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Loisel, H.

Lotsberg, J. K.

Lui, H.-K.

Y. Bai, T. H. Huang, X. Q. He, S. L. Wang, Y. C. Hsin, C. R. Wu, W. Zhai, H.-K. Lui, and C.-T. A. Chen, “Intrusion of the Pearl River plume into the main channel of the Taiwan Strait in summer,” J. Sea Res. 95, 1–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mao, Z. H.

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Z. H. Mao, T. Y. Wang, and Z. Z. Hao, “A practical method for on-orbit estimation of polarization response of satellite ocean color sensor,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.. 54(4), 1967–1976 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mcclain, C.

W. Balch, R. Evans, J. Brown, G. Feldman, C. Mcclain, and W. Esaias, “The remote sensing of ocean primary productivity - use of a new data compilation to test satellite algorithms,” J. Geophys. Res. 97(C2), 2279–2293 (1992).
[Crossref]

McClain, C. R.

McKee, D.

McPhaden, M.

M. J. Behrenfeld, K. Worthington, R. M. Sherrell, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, M. McPhaden, and D. M. Shea, “Controls on tropical Pacific Ocean productivity revealed through nutrient stress diagnostics,” Nature 442(7106), 1025–1028 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meister, G.

Miller, W. L.

C. G. Fichot and W. L. Miller, “An approach to quantify depth-resolved marine photochemical fluxes using remote sensing: application to carbon monoxide (CO) photoproduction,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(7), 1363–1377 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mishchenko, M.

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. D. Travis, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using multispectral and multiangle photopolarimetric measurements from the research scanning polarimeter,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28(2), 243–246 (2001).
[Crossref]

Morel, A.

Moshary, F.

Neckel, H.

H. Neckel and D. Labs, “The solar radiation between 3300 and 12500 Å,” Sol. Phys. 90(2), 205–258 (1984).
[Crossref]

North, P. R. J.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

O’Reilly, J. E.

W. W. Gregg, M. E. Conkright, P. Ginoux, J. E. O’Reilly, and N. W. Casey, “Ocean primary production and climate: global decadal changes,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(15), 157–168 (2003).
[Crossref]

Oo, M.

A. Gilerson, J. Zhou, M. Oo, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of chlorophyll fluorescence from reflectance spectra through polarization discrimination: modeling and experiments,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5568–5581 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gilerson, M. Oo, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. A. Ahmed, “Polarization discrimination fluorescence retrieval from reflectance spectra of algae in seawater: comparison of multicomponent Mie scattering and polarized radiative transfer models with laboratory and field tests,” Proc. SPIE 5977, 597708 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ota, Y.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pan, D.

Pan, D. L.

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Z. H. Mao, T. Y. Wang, and Z. Z. Hao, “A practical method for on-orbit estimation of polarization response of satellite ocean color sensor,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.. 54(4), 1967–1976 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, D. Xu, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, X. Y. Chen, and F. Gong, “Eddy-entrained Pearl River plume into the oligotrophic basin of the South China Sea,” Cont. Shelf Res. 124, 117–124 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, W. D. Zhai, D. L. Pan, M. H. Dai, and P. S. Yu, “A mechanistic semi-analytical method for remotely sensing sea surface pCO2 in river-dominated coastal oceans: a case study from the East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 120(3), 2331–2349 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Y. Kang, X. Y. Chen, and W. J. Cai, “Summertime Changjiang River plume variation during 1998–2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 119(9), 6238–6257 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, D. F. Wang, B. Y. Tao, and Q. K. Zhu, “Remote sensing of salinity from satellite-derived CDOM in the Changjiang River dominated East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(1), 227–243 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Q. Cheng, D. Wang, and F. Gong, “Satellite views of seasonal and inter-annual variability of phytoplankton blooms in the eastern China seas over the past 14 yr (1998–2011),” Biogeosciences 10(7), 4721–4739 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “Vector radiative transfer numerical model of coupled ocean-atmosphere system using matrix-operator method,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 50(3), 442–452 (2007).
[Crossref]

Patt, F. S.

Plass, G. N.

G. W. Kattawar, G. N. Plass, and J. A. Guinn., “Monte Carlo calculations of the polarization of radiation in the earth’s atmosphere-ocean system,” J. Phys. Oceanogr. 3(4), 353–372 (1973).
[Crossref]

Platel, M. D.

M. Chami and M. D. Platel, “Sensitivity of the retrieval of the inherent optical properties of marine particles in coastal waters to the directional variations and the polarization of the reflectance,” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C5), 395–412 (2007).
[Crossref]

Platt, T.

T. Platt and S. Sathyendranath, “Oceanic primary production: estimation by remote sensing at local and regional scales,” Science 241(4873), 1613–1620 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prieur, L.

A. Morel and L. Prieur, “Analysis of variation in coean color,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 22(4), 709–722 (1977).
[Crossref]

Prikhach, A. S.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rozanov, V. V.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Santer, R.

Sathyendranath, S.

T. Platt and S. Sathyendranath, “Oceanic primary production: estimation by remote sensing at local and regional scales,” Science 241(4873), 1613–1620 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sayer, A. M.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shea, D. M.

M. J. Behrenfeld, K. Worthington, R. M. Sherrell, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, M. McPhaden, and D. M. Shea, “Controls on tropical Pacific Ocean productivity revealed through nutrient stress diagnostics,” Nature 442(7106), 1025–1028 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sherrell, R. M.

M. J. Behrenfeld, K. Worthington, R. M. Sherrell, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, M. McPhaden, and D. M. Shea, “Controls on tropical Pacific Ocean productivity revealed through nutrient stress diagnostics,” Nature 442(7106), 1025–1028 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Slagstad, D.

M. Babin, S. Bélanger, I. Ellingsen, A. Forest, V. Le Fouest, T. Lacour, M. Ardyna, and D. Slagstad, “Estimation of primary production in the Arctic Ocean using ocean colour remote sensing and coupled physical-biological models: strengths, limitations and how they compare,” Prog. Oceanogr. 139, 197–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Slutsker, I.

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[Crossref]

Smirnov, A.

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[Crossref]

Smith, R. C.

Stamnes, J. J.

Strutton, P.

M. J. Behrenfeld, K. Worthington, R. M. Sherrell, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, M. McPhaden, and D. M. Shea, “Controls on tropical Pacific Ocean productivity revealed through nutrient stress diagnostics,” Nature 442(7106), 1025–1028 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, J.

Tanré, D.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tao, B. Y.

Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, D. F. Wang, B. Y. Tao, and Q. K. Zhu, “Remote sensing of salinity from satellite-derived CDOM in the Changjiang River dominated East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(1), 227–243 (2013).
[Crossref]

Thomas, G. E.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tonizzo, A.

Travis, L. D.

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, and L. D. Travis, “Case Studies of Aerosol Retrievals over the Ocean from Multiangle, Multispectral Photopolarimetric Remote Sensing Data,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 383–397 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. D. Travis, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using multispectral and multiangle photopolarimetric measurements from the research scanning polarimeter,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28(2), 243–246 (2001).
[Crossref]

Twardowski, M. S.

Wang, D.

X. He, D. Pan, Y. Bai, D. Wang, and Z. Hao, “A new simple concept for ocean colour remote sensing using parallel polarisation radiance,” Sci. Rep. 4(6168), 3748 (2014).
[PubMed]

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Q. Cheng, D. Wang, and F. Gong, “Satellite views of seasonal and inter-annual variability of phytoplankton blooms in the eastern China seas over the past 14 yr (1998–2011),” Biogeosciences 10(7), 4721–4739 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. He, Y. Bai, D. Pan, J. Tang, and D. Wang, “Atmospheric correction of satellite ocean color imagery using the ultraviolet wavelength for highly turbid waters,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20754–20770 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, D. F.

Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, D. F. Wang, B. Y. Tao, and Q. K. Zhu, “Remote sensing of salinity from satellite-derived CDOM in the Changjiang River dominated East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(1), 227–243 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. L.

Y. Bai, T. H. Huang, X. Q. He, S. L. Wang, Y. C. Hsin, C. R. Wu, W. Zhai, H.-K. Lui, and C.-T. A. Chen, “Intrusion of the Pearl River plume into the main channel of the Taiwan Strait in summer,” J. Sea Res. 95, 1–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, T. Y.

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Z. H. Mao, T. Y. Wang, and Z. Z. Hao, “A practical method for on-orbit estimation of polarization response of satellite ocean color sensor,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.. 54(4), 1967–1976 (2016).
[Crossref]

Weidemann, A.

Worthington, K.

M. J. Behrenfeld, K. Worthington, R. M. Sherrell, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, M. McPhaden, and D. M. Shea, “Controls on tropical Pacific Ocean productivity revealed through nutrient stress diagnostics,” Nature 442(7106), 1025–1028 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, C. R.

Y. Bai, T. H. Huang, X. Q. He, S. L. Wang, Y. C. Hsin, C. R. Wu, W. Zhai, H.-K. Lui, and C.-T. A. Chen, “Intrusion of the Pearl River plume into the main channel of the Taiwan Strait in summer,” J. Sea Res. 95, 1–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, D.

X. Q. He, D. Xu, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, X. Y. Chen, and F. Gong, “Eddy-entrained Pearl River plume into the oligotrophic basin of the South China Sea,” Cont. Shelf Res. 124, 117–124 (2016).
[Crossref]

Young, A. T.

Yu, P. S.

Y. Bai, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, W. D. Zhai, D. L. Pan, M. H. Dai, and P. S. Yu, “A mechanistic semi-analytical method for remotely sensing sea surface pCO2 in river-dominated coastal oceans: a case study from the East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 120(3), 2331–2349 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zege, E. P.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhai, W.

Y. Bai, T. H. Huang, X. Q. He, S. L. Wang, Y. C. Hsin, C. R. Wu, W. Zhai, H.-K. Lui, and C.-T. A. Chen, “Intrusion of the Pearl River plume into the main channel of the Taiwan Strait in summer,” J. Sea Res. 95, 1–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhai, W. D.

Y. Bai, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, W. D. Zhai, D. L. Pan, M. H. Dai, and P. S. Yu, “A mechanistic semi-analytical method for remotely sensing sea surface pCO2 in river-dominated coastal oceans: a case study from the East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 120(3), 2331–2349 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

Zhu, Q.

Zhu, Q. K.

Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, D. F. Wang, B. Y. Tao, and Q. K. Zhu, “Remote sensing of salinity from satellite-derived CDOM in the Changjiang River dominated East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(1), 227–243 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “A vector radiative transfer model of coupled ocean–atmosphere system using matrix-operator method for rough sea-surface,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(10), 1426–1448 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “Vector radiative transfer numerical model of coupled ocean-atmosphere system using matrix-operator method,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 50(3), 442–452 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (11)

T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, A. Tonizzo, J. Chowdhary, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Polarization impacts on the water-leaving radiance retrieval from above-water radiometric measurements,” Appl. Opt. 51(35), 8324–8340 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Foster and A. Gilerson, “Polarized transfer functions of the ocean surface for above-surface determination of the vector submarine light field,” Appl. Opt. 55(33), 9476–9494 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Meister, E. J. Kwiatkowska, B. A. Franz, F. S. Patt, G. C. Feldman, and C. R. McClain, “Moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer ocean color polarization correction,” Appl. Opt. 44(26), 5524–5535 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chami, R. Santer, and E. Dilligeard, “Radiative transfer model for the computation of radiance and polarization in an ocean-atmosphere system: polarization properties of suspended matter for remote sensing,” Appl. Opt. 40(15), 2398–2416 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gilerson, J. Zhou, M. Oo, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of chlorophyll fluorescence from reflectance spectra through polarization discrimination: modeling and experiments,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5568–5581 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Dubreuil, P. Delrot, I. Leonard, A. Alfalou, C. Brosseau, and A. Dogariu, “Exploring underwater target detection by imaging polarimetry and correlation techniques,” Appl. Opt. 52(5), 997–1005 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. T. Young, “Revised depolarization corrections for atmospheric extinction,” Appl. Opt. 19(20), 3427–3428 (1980).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Smith and K. S. Baker, “Optical properties of the clearest natural waters (200-800 nm),” Appl. Opt. 20(2), 177–184 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Tonizzo, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Ibrahim, J. Chowdhary, B. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. Ahmed, “Estimating particle composition and size distribution from polarized water-leaving radiance,” Appl. Opt. 50(25), 5047–5058 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Antoine and A. Morel, “Relative importance of multiple scattering by air molecules and aerosols in forming the atmospheric path radiance in the visible and near-infrared parts of the spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 37(12), 2245–2259 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. He, D. Pan, Y. Bai, Q. Zhu, and F. Gong, “Evaluation of the aerosol models for SeaWiFS and MODIS by AERONET data over open oceans,” Appl. Opt. 50(22), 4353–4364 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atmos. Meas. Tech. (1)

A. A. Kokhanovsky, J. L. Deuzé, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A. M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. E. Thomas, and E. P. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(4), 909–932 (2010).
[Crossref]

Biogeosciences (1)

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Q. Cheng, D. Wang, and F. Gong, “Satellite views of seasonal and inter-annual variability of phytoplankton blooms in the eastern China seas over the past 14 yr (1998–2011),” Biogeosciences 10(7), 4721–4739 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cont. Shelf Res. (1)

X. Q. He, D. Xu, Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, X. Y. Chen, and F. Gong, “Eddy-entrained Pearl River plume into the oligotrophic basin of the South China Sea,” Cont. Shelf Res. 124, 117–124 (2016).
[Crossref]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (3)

W. W. Gregg, M. E. Conkright, P. Ginoux, J. E. O’Reilly, and N. W. Casey, “Ocean primary production and climate: global decadal changes,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(15), 157–168 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. D. Travis, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using multispectral and multiangle photopolarimetric measurements from the research scanning polarimeter,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28(2), 243–246 (2001).
[Crossref]

F. M. Bréon and P. Goloub, “Cloud droplet effective radius from spaceborne polarization measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25(11), 1879–1882 (1998).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.. (1)

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Z. H. Mao, T. Y. Wang, and Z. Z. Hao, “A practical method for on-orbit estimation of polarization response of satellite ocean color sensor,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.. 54(4), 1967–1976 (2016).
[Crossref]

Intern. J. Rem. Sens. (1)

D. G. Bowers, S. Boudjelas, and G. E. L. Harker, “The distribution of fine suspended sediments in the surface waters of the Irish Sea and its relation to tidal stirring,” Intern. J. Rem. Sens. 19(14), 2789–2805 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Atmos. Sci. (2)

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, and L. D. Travis, “Case Studies of Aerosol Retrievals over the Ocean from Multiangle, Multispectral Photopolarimetric Remote Sensing Data,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(3), 383–397 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Geophys. Res. (7)

M. Chami, “Importance of the polarization in the retrieval of oceanic constituents from the remote sensing reflectance,” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C5), 395–412 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Chami and M. D. Platel, “Sensitivity of the retrieval of the inherent optical properties of marine particles in coastal waters to the directional variations and the polarization of the reflectance,” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C5), 395–412 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, W. D. Zhai, D. L. Pan, M. H. Dai, and P. S. Yu, “A mechanistic semi-analytical method for remotely sensing sea surface pCO2 in river-dominated coastal oceans: a case study from the East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 120(3), 2331–2349 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Balch, R. Evans, J. Brown, G. Feldman, C. Mcclain, and W. Esaias, “The remote sensing of ocean primary productivity - use of a new data compilation to test satellite algorithms,” J. Geophys. Res. 97(C2), 2279–2293 (1992).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, D. L. Pan, W. J. Cai, X. Q. He, D. F. Wang, B. Y. Tao, and Q. K. Zhu, “Remote sensing of salinity from satellite-derived CDOM in the Changjiang River dominated East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(1), 227–243 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, C. T. A. Chen, Y. Kang, X. Y. Chen, and W. J. Cai, “Summertime Changjiang River plume variation during 1998–2010,” J. Geophys. Res. 119(9), 6238–6257 (2014).
[Crossref]

O. P. Hasekamp and J. Landgraf, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean from multispectral single-viewing-angle measurements of intensity and polarization: retrieval approach, information content, and sensitivity study,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(110), 1–16 (2005).

J. Phys. Oceanogr. (1)

G. W. Kattawar, G. N. Plass, and J. A. Guinn., “Monte Carlo calculations of the polarization of radiation in the earth’s atmosphere-ocean system,” J. Phys. Oceanogr. 3(4), 353–372 (1973).
[Crossref]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (1)

X. Q. He, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “A vector radiative transfer model of coupled ocean–atmosphere system using matrix-operator method for rough sea-surface,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(10), 1426–1448 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Sea Res. (1)

Y. Bai, T. H. Huang, X. Q. He, S. L. Wang, Y. C. Hsin, C. R. Wu, W. Zhai, H.-K. Lui, and C.-T. A. Chen, “Intrusion of the Pearl River plume into the main channel of the Taiwan Strait in summer,” J. Sea Res. 95, 1–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Limnol. Oceanogr. (1)

A. Morel and L. Prieur, “Analysis of variation in coean color,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 22(4), 709–722 (1977).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

M. J. Behrenfeld, K. Worthington, R. M. Sherrell, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, M. McPhaden, and D. M. Shea, “Controls on tropical Pacific Ocean productivity revealed through nutrient stress diagnostics,” Nature 442(7106), 1025–1028 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (7)

M. Chami and D. McKee, “Determination of biogeochemical properties of marine particles using above water measurements of the degree of polarization at the Brewster angle,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9494–9509 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Loisel, L. Duforet, D. Dessailly, M. Chami, and P. Dubuisson, “Investigation of the variations in the water leaving polarized reflectance from the POLDER satellite data over two biogeochemical contrasted oceanic areas,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12905–12918 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ibrahim, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Tonizzo, J. Chowdhary, and S. Ahmed, “The relationship between upwelling underwater polarization and attenuation/absorption ratio,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25662–25680 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Harmel and M. Chami, “Influence of polarimetric satellite data measured in the visible region on aerosol detection and on the performance of atmospheric correction procedure over open ocean waters,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20960–20983 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. He, Y. Bai, D. Pan, J. Tang, and D. Wang, “Atmospheric correction of satellite ocean color imagery using the ultraviolet wavelength for highly turbid waters,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20754–20770 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Lotsberg and J. J. Stamnes, “Impact of particulate oceanic composition on the radiance and polarization of underwater and backscattered light,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10432–10445 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Tonizzo, J. Zhou, A. Gilerson, M. S. Twardowski, D. J. Gray, R. A. Arnone, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. A. Ahmed, “Polarized light in coastal waters: hyperspectral and multiangular analysis,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5666–5683 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (3)

A. Gilerson, M. Oo, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. A. Ahmed, “Polarization discrimination fluorescence retrieval from reflectance spectra of algae in seawater: comparison of multicomponent Mie scattering and polarized radiative transfer models with laboratory and field tests,” Proc. SPIE 5977, 597708 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Gilerson, A. Ibrahim, R. Foster, C. Carrizo, A. Elhabashi, and S. Ahmed, “Retrieval of water optical properties using polarization of light underwater: case I and II waters,” Proc. SPIE 9240, 1235–1242 (2014).

A. Gilerson, C. Carrizo, A. Tonizzo, A. Ibrahim, A. El-Habashi, R. Foster, and S. Ahmed, “Polarimetric imaging of underwater targets,” Proc. SPIE 8724, 872403 (2013).
[Crossref]

Prog. Oceanogr. (1)

M. Babin, S. Bélanger, I. Ellingsen, A. Forest, V. Le Fouest, T. Lacour, M. Ardyna, and D. Slagstad, “Estimation of primary production in the Arctic Ocean using ocean colour remote sensing and coupled physical-biological models: strengths, limitations and how they compare,” Prog. Oceanogr. 139, 197–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Remote Sens. Environ. (1)

C. G. Fichot and W. L. Miller, “An approach to quantify depth-resolved marine photochemical fluxes using remote sensing: application to carbon monoxide (CO) photoproduction,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(7), 1363–1377 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sci. China Earth Sci. (1)

X. Q. He, D. L. Pan, Y. Bai, Q. K. Zhu, and F. Gong, “Vector radiative transfer numerical model of coupled ocean-atmosphere system using matrix-operator method,” Sci. China Earth Sci. 50(3), 442–452 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

X. He, D. Pan, Y. Bai, D. Wang, and Z. Hao, “A new simple concept for ocean colour remote sensing using parallel polarisation radiance,” Sci. Rep. 4(6168), 3748 (2014).
[PubMed]

Science (1)

T. Platt and S. Sathyendranath, “Oceanic primary production: estimation by remote sensing at local and regional scales,” Science 241(4873), 1613–1620 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sol. Phys. (1)

H. Neckel and D. Labs, “The solar radiation between 3300 and 12500 Å,” Sol. Phys. 90(2), 205–258 (1984).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Flow diagram of the bio-optical models for the radiative transfer simulation using PCOART.θ is the sensor zenith angle, φ is the relative azimuth angles, ω is single-scattering albedo of ocean, τ is optical thicknesses of the ocean.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Observation geometry of spectral radiometer in a meridian plane. (b) Particle size distribution of suspended particles. (c) Irradiance of the xenon lamp and solar radiation. (d) Spectral transmittance of the polarizer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Angular distributions of the ocean color signals at 690 nm for the Ioc (upper row) and IPPR (bottom row) (with unit of mWcm−2µm−1sr−1) under differing total suspended matter (TSM) concentrations. The Ioc and IPPR were simulated by PCOART at the TOA with 30° solar zenith angle. The concentric circles correspond to sensor zenith angle (0° viewing angle is for the sensor looking vertically downward).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparisons of the normalized ocean color signals for I (solid lines) and PPR (dashed lines) under differing suspended particle concentrations. The upper and bottom rows are the results at 570 nm and 690 nm with sensor azimuth angles of 180°, respectively. The normalized ocean color signals were simulated by PCOART at the TOA with solar zenith angles of 0°, 30°, and 60°.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparisons of normalized ocean color signals for I (solid lines) and PPR (points) at the TOA with differing wavelengths (upper row) and suspended particulate matter concentrations (bottom row) with sensor azimuth angles of 180°. The normalized ocean color signals were simulated by PCOART at the TOA with solar zenith angles of 0°, 30°, and 60°.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of the normalized ocean color signals for I (solid lines) and PPR (points) at the TOA under different TSM concentrations and relative azimuth angles, as simulated by PCOART.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Angular distributions of the D values at 690nm with differing sensor observing angles and TSM concentrations simulated by PCOART at 30° solar zenith angle. The white contour lines represent the zero value.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Same as Fig. 7, but for the RD values at 690nm.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Comparisons of normalized ocean color signals for PPR (points) and I (solid lines) at the TOA with differing aerosol optical thicknesses (0.05, 0.1, and 0.2) and suspended particle concentrations (in units of mg/L) for solar zenith angles of 0°, 30°, and 60°.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Angular distributions of I, Q, U (in units of mW cm−2 μm−1 sr−1) measured by laboratory experiments with 40° lamp zenith angle and 100 mg/L total suspended matter (TSM) concentration. The azimuth angles from 180° to 360° were symmetrical to the azimuth angles lower than 180°.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Angular distribution of the D values at 690nm with differing sensor observing angles and suspended particle concentrations based on laboratory measurements with 40° lamp zenith angle. TSM represents suspended particle concentrations. Concentric circles represent the different sensor observation zenith angles. The black section is masked because of lamp glint contamination.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Same as Fig. 11, but for angular distribution of the RD values at 690nm.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Comparison of the normalized ocean color signals between the PPR and I for the laboratory measurements (upper row) and the RT simulations (bottom row) with the incident zenith angle of 40°. TSM represents suspended particle concentrations. Concentric circles represent different sensor viewing zenith angles from 0° to 90°.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S=[ I Q U V ]=[ E l E l * + E r E r * E l E l * E r E r * E l E r * + E r E l * i( E l E r * E r E l * ) ]
{ PPR=2 E l E l * =I+Q VPR=2 E r E r * =IQ
I oc = I t I b
I OC( N ) = I oc / I b = I t / I b 1
I PPR( N ) = I PPR / I PPRb = I PPRt / I PPRb 1
D= I PPR( N ) I OC( N )
RD=( I PPR( N ) I OC( N ) )×100%/ I OC( N )

Metrics