Herein, we propose a new security enhancing method that employs wavefront aberrations as optical keys to improve the resistance capabilities of conventional double-random phase encoding (DRPE) optical cryptosystems. This study has two main innovations. First, we exploit a special beam-expander afocal-reflecting to produce different types of aberrations, and the wavefront distortion can be altered by changing the shape of the afocal-reflecting system using a deformable mirror. Then, we reconstruct the wavefront aberrations via the surface fitting of Zernike polynomials and use the reconstructed aberrations as novel asymmetric vector keys. The ideal wavefront and the distorted wavefront obtained by wavefront sensing can be regarded as a pair of private and public keys. The wavelength and focal length of the Fourier lens can be used as additional keys to increase the number of degrees of freedom. This novel cryptosystem can enhance the resistance to various attacks aimed at DRPE systems. Finally, we conduct ZEMAX and MATLAB simulations to demonstrate the superiority of this method.
© 2017 Optical Society of America
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