Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrate a wavelength widely tunable gain-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser around 2.8 μm. The laser can be tuned over 170 nm (2699 nm~2869.9 nm) for various pump power levels, while maintaining stable μs-level single-pulse gain-switched operation with controllable output pulse duration at a selectable repetition rate. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first wavelength tunable gain-switched fiber laser in the 3 μm spectral region with the broadest tuning range (doubling the record tuning range) of the pulsed fiber lasers around 3 μm. Influences of pump energy and power on the output gain-switched laser performances are investigated in detail. This robust, simple, and versatile mid-infrared pulsed fiber laser source is highly suitable for many applications including laser surgery, material processing, sensing, spectroscopy, as well as serving as a practical seed source in master oscillator power amplifiers.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2016 (10)

V. Fortin, F. Maes, M. Bernier, S. T. Bah, M. D’Auteuil, and R. Vallée, “Watt-level erbium-doped all-fiber laser at 3.44 μm,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 559–562 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Majewski and S. D. Jackson, “Highly efficient mid-infrared dysprosium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(10), 2173–2176 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Henderson-Sapir, S. D. Jackson, and D. J. Ottaway, “Versatile and widely tunable mid-infrared erbium doped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1676–1679 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Majewski and S. D. Jackson, “Tunable dysprosium laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(19), 4496–4498 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. X. Tang, L. G. Wright, K. Charan, T. Y. Wang, C. Xu, and F. W. Wise, “Generation of intense 100 fs solitons tunable from 2 to 4.3 μm in fluoride fiber,” Optica 3(9), 948–951 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Duval, J. C. Gauthier, L. R. Robichaud, P. Paradis, M. Olivier, V. Fortin, M. Bernier, M. Piché, and R. Vallée, “Watt-level fiber-based femtosecond laser source tunable from 2.8 to 3.6 μm,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5294–5297 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. B. Cho, S. Y. Choi, C. Zhu, M. H. Kim, J. W. Kim, J. S. Kim, H. J. Park, D. H. Shin, M. Y. Jung, F. Wang, and F. Rotermund, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond Cr2+:ZnS laser with ~300 nm tuning range,” Opt. Express 24(18), 20774–20780 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Wang, Y. Meng, E. Kelleher, G. Guo, Y. Li, Y. Xu, and S. Zhu, “Stable gain-switched thulium fiber laser with 140 nm tuning range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(12), 1340–1343 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Antipov, D. D. Hudson, A. Fuerbach, and S. D. Jackson, “High-power mid-infrared femtosecond fiber laser in the water vapor transmission window,” Optica 3(12), 1373–1376 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Cheng, Z. Li, J. Hou, and Z. Liu, “Gain-switched monolithic fiber laser with ultra-wide tuning range at 2 μm,” Opt. Express 24(25), 29126–29137 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (6)

Y. L. Shen, K. Huang, S. Q. Zhou, K. P. Luan, L. Yu, A. Q. Yi, G. B. Feng, and X. S. Ye, “Gain-switched 2.8 μm Er3+-doped double-clad ZBLAN fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 9543, 95431E (2015).

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, L. L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. J. Yan, K. M. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10700 (2015).
[PubMed]

T. Hu, S. D. Jackson, and D. D. Hudson, “Ultrafast pulses from a mid-infrared fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4226–4228 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Crawford, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, “High-power broadly tunable 3-μm fiber laser for the measurement of optical fiber loss,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(3), 1502309 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, B. Zhai, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Tunable Fe2+:ZnSe passively Q-switched Ho3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser around 3 μm,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22362–22370 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, S. T. Bah, and R. Vallée, “30 W fluoride glass all-fiber laser at 2.94 μm,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2882–2885 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

2013 (4)

J. Yang, Y. Tang, and J. Xu, “Development and applications of gain-switched fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 1(1), 52–57 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, F. Song, and N. Peyghambarian, “Numerical investigation on high power mid-infrared supercontinuum fiber lasers pumped at 3 µm,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29488–29504 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bernier, V. Fortin, N. Caron, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, “Mid-infrared chalcogenide glass Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 127–129 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, Y. Yang, D. D. Hudson, Y. Liu, and S. D. Jackson, “A tunable Q-switched Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045107 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

J. Li, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, “Tuned cascade laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(14), 1215–1217 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

D. Hudson, E. Magi, L. Gomes, and S. D. Jackson, “1 W diode-pumped tunable Ho3+, Pr3+-doped fluoride glass fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 985–986 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Faucher, M. Bernier, G. Androz, N. Caron, and R. Vallée, “20 W passively cooled single-mode all-fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1104–1106 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Y. Tsai, H. H. Ma, Y. C. Fang, H. X. Tsao, and S. T. Lin, “Self-balanced Q- and gain-switched erbium all-fiber laser,” AIP Adv. 1(3), 032155 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Gorjan, R. Petkovšek, M. Marinček, and M. Čopič, “High-power pulsed diode-pumped Er:ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1923–1925 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, “Ultrafast mid-IR laser scalpel: protein signals of the fundamental limits to minimally invasive surgery,” PLoS One 5(9), e13053 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power ZBLAN glass fiber lasers: review and prospect,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. A. Serebryakov, É. V. Boĭko, N. N. Petrishchev, and A. V. Yan, “Medical applications of mid-IR lasers. Problems and prospects,” J. Opt. Technol. 77(1), 6–17 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Tokita, M. Hirokane, M. Murakami, S. Shimizu, M. Hashida, and S. Sakabe, “Stable 10 W Er:ZBLAN fiber laser operating at 2.71-2.88 μm,” Opt. Lett. 35(23), 3943–3945 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

X. Zhu and R. Jain, “Watt-level 100-nm tunable 3 μm fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(2), 156–158 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Qin, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Stable gain-switched 845 nm pulse generation by a weak 1550 nm seed laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(3), 249–251 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

P. Werle, F. Slemr, K. Maurer, R. Kormann, R. Mucke, and B. Janker, “Near- and midinfrared laser-optical sensors for gas analysis,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 37(2–3), 101–114 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

B. C. Dickinson, P. S. Golding, M. Pollnau, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Investigations of a 791-nm pulsed-pumped 2.7 μm Er-doped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3), 315–321 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cabl, “‘Field-usable’ diode-pumped ~120 nm wavelength-tunable CW mid-IR fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(9), 791–792 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Efficient gain-switched operation of a Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(5), 779–789 (1998).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

R. Kaufmann, A. Hartmann, and R. Hibst, “Cutting and skin-ablative properties of pulsed mid-infrared laser surgery,” J. Dermatol. Surg. Oncol. 20(2), 112–118 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

L. Wetenkamp, Ch. Frerichs, G. F. West, and H. Tobben, “Efficient CW operation of tunable fluorozirconate fibre lasers at wavelengths pumpable with semiconductor laser diodes,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 19–24 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (2)

J. G. Daly, “Mid-infrared laser applications,” Proc. SPIE 1419, 94–99 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. L. Flohic, P. Francois, M. J. Allain, and F. Sanchez, “Dynamics of the transient of emission in Nd3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(7), 1910–1921 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

L. Wetenkamp, “Efficient CW operation of a 2.9 μm Ho3+-doped fluorozirconate fibre laser pumped at 640 nm,” Electron. Lett. 26(13), 883–884 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

J. J. Degnan, “Theory of the optimally coupled Q-switched laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(2), 214–220 (1989).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

W. Benedict, M. Pollack, and W. Tomlinson, “The water-vapor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5(2), 108–124 (1969).
[Crossref]

Aggarwal, I.

Allain, M. J.

M. L. Flohic, P. Francois, M. J. Allain, and F. Sanchez, “Dynamics of the transient of emission in Nd3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(7), 1910–1921 (1991).
[Crossref]

Alman, B. A.

S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, “Ultrafast mid-IR laser scalpel: protein signals of the fundamental limits to minimally invasive surgery,” PLoS One 5(9), e13053 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amini-Nik, S.

S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, “Ultrafast mid-IR laser scalpel: protein signals of the fundamental limits to minimally invasive surgery,” PLoS One 5(9), e13053 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Androz, G.

Antipov, S.

Bah, S. T.

Bang, O.

Benedict, W.

W. Benedict, M. Pollack, and W. Tomlinson, “The water-vapor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5(2), 108–124 (1969).
[Crossref]

Bernier, M.

Boiko, É. V.

Cabl, A.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cabl, “‘Field-usable’ diode-pumped ~120 nm wavelength-tunable CW mid-IR fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(9), 791–792 (2000).
[Crossref]

Caron, N.

Charan, K.

Cheng, X.

Cho, W. B.

Choi, S. Y.

Copic, M.

Cowan, M. L.

S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, “Ultrafast mid-IR laser scalpel: protein signals of the fundamental limits to minimally invasive surgery,” PLoS One 5(9), e13053 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crawford, S.

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S. Crawford, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, “High-power broadly tunable 3-μm fiber laser for the measurement of optical fiber loss,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(3), 1502309 (2015).
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T. Hu, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, “Stable, self-starting, passively mode-locked fiber ring laser of the 3 μm class,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 2133–2136 (2014).
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J. Li, Y. Yang, D. D. Hudson, Y. Liu, and S. D. Jackson, “A tunable Q-switched Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045107 (2013).
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J. Li, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, “Tuned cascade laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(14), 1215–1217 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Hudson, E. Magi, L. Gomes, and S. D. Jackson, “1 W diode-pumped tunable Ho3+, Pr3+-doped fluoride glass fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 985–986 (2011).
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B. C. Dickinson, P. S. Golding, M. Pollnau, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Investigations of a 791-nm pulsed-pumped 2.7 μm Er-doped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3), 315–321 (2001).
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R. Kaufmann, A. Hartmann, and R. Hibst, “Cutting and skin-ablative properties of pulsed mid-infrared laser surgery,” J. Dermatol. Surg. Oncol. 20(2), 112–118 (1994).
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J. Li, Y. Yang, D. D. Hudson, Y. Liu, and S. D. Jackson, “A tunable Q-switched Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045107 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Li, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, “Tuned cascade laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(14), 1215–1217 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, J. F.

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, L. L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. J. Yan, K. M. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10700 (2015).
[PubMed]

Li, Y.

F. Wang, Y. Meng, E. Kelleher, G. Guo, Y. Li, Y. Xu, and S. Zhu, “Stable gain-switched thulium fiber laser with 140 nm tuning range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(12), 1340–1343 (2016).
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N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cabl, “‘Field-usable’ diode-pumped ~120 nm wavelength-tunable CW mid-IR fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(9), 791–792 (2000).
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T. Y. Tsai, H. H. Ma, Y. C. Fang, H. X. Tsao, and S. T. Lin, “Self-balanced Q- and gain-switched erbium all-fiber laser,” AIP Adv. 1(3), 032155 (2011).
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J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, L. L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. J. Yan, K. M. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10700 (2015).
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J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, B. Zhai, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Tunable Fe2+:ZnSe passively Q-switched Ho3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser around 3 μm,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22362–22370 (2015).
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J. Li, Y. Yang, D. D. Hudson, Y. Liu, and S. D. Jackson, “A tunable Q-switched Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045107 (2013).
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Y. L. Shen, K. Huang, S. Q. Zhou, K. P. Luan, L. Yu, A. Q. Yi, G. B. Feng, and X. S. Ye, “Gain-switched 2.8 μm Er3+-doped double-clad ZBLAN fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 9543, 95431E (2015).

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Luo, H. Y.

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, L. L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. J. Yan, K. M. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10700 (2015).
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F. Wang, Y. Meng, E. Kelleher, G. Guo, Y. Li, Y. Xu, and S. Zhu, “Stable gain-switched thulium fiber laser with 140 nm tuning range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(12), 1340–1343 (2016).
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P. Werle, F. Slemr, K. Maurer, R. Kormann, R. Mucke, and B. Janker, “Near- and midinfrared laser-optical sensors for gas analysis,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 37(2–3), 101–114 (2002).
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S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, “Ultrafast mid-IR laser scalpel: protein signals of the fundamental limits to minimally invasive surgery,” PLoS One 5(9), e13053 (2010).
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B. C. Dickinson, P. S. Golding, M. Pollnau, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Investigations of a 791-nm pulsed-pumped 2.7 μm Er-doped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3), 315–321 (2001).
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M. L. Flohic, P. Francois, M. J. Allain, and F. Sanchez, “Dynamics of the transient of emission in Nd3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(7), 1910–1921 (1991).
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Y. L. Shen, K. Huang, S. Q. Zhou, K. P. Luan, L. Yu, A. Q. Yi, G. B. Feng, and X. S. Ye, “Gain-switched 2.8 μm Er3+-doped double-clad ZBLAN fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 9543, 95431E (2015).

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Shin, D. H.

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P. Werle, F. Slemr, K. Maurer, R. Kormann, R. Mucke, and B. Janker, “Near- and midinfrared laser-optical sensors for gas analysis,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 37(2–3), 101–114 (2002).
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N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cabl, “‘Field-usable’ diode-pumped ~120 nm wavelength-tunable CW mid-IR fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(9), 791–792 (2000).
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J. Yang, Y. Tang, and J. Xu, “Development and applications of gain-switched fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 1(1), 52–57 (2013).
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L. Wetenkamp, Ch. Frerichs, G. F. West, and H. Tobben, “Efficient CW operation of tunable fluorozirconate fibre lasers at wavelengths pumpable with semiconductor laser diodes,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 19–24 (1992).
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W. Benedict, M. Pollack, and W. Tomlinson, “The water-vapor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5(2), 108–124 (1969).
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T. Y. Tsai, H. H. Ma, Y. C. Fang, H. X. Tsao, and S. T. Lin, “Self-balanced Q- and gain-switched erbium all-fiber laser,” AIP Adv. 1(3), 032155 (2011).
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T. Y. Tsai, H. H. Ma, Y. C. Fang, H. X. Tsao, and S. T. Lin, “Self-balanced Q- and gain-switched erbium all-fiber laser,” AIP Adv. 1(3), 032155 (2011).
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J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, L. L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. J. Yan, K. M. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10700 (2015).
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F. Wang, Y. Meng, E. Kelleher, G. Guo, Y. Li, Y. Xu, and S. Zhu, “Stable gain-switched thulium fiber laser with 140 nm tuning range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(12), 1340–1343 (2016).
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Wang, L.

Wang, L. L.

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, L. L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. J. Yan, K. M. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10700 (2015).
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Wei, C.

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P. Werle, F. Slemr, K. Maurer, R. Kormann, R. Mucke, and B. Janker, “Near- and midinfrared laser-optical sensors for gas analysis,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 37(2–3), 101–114 (2002).
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L. Wetenkamp, Ch. Frerichs, G. F. West, and H. Tobben, “Efficient CW operation of tunable fluorozirconate fibre lasers at wavelengths pumpable with semiconductor laser diodes,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 19–24 (1992).
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Wetenkamp, L.

L. Wetenkamp, Ch. Frerichs, G. F. West, and H. Tobben, “Efficient CW operation of tunable fluorozirconate fibre lasers at wavelengths pumpable with semiconductor laser diodes,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 19–24 (1992).
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Wright, L. G.

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J. Yang, Y. Tang, and J. Xu, “Development and applications of gain-switched fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 1(1), 52–57 (2013).
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Xu, Y.

F. Wang, Y. Meng, E. Kelleher, G. Guo, Y. Li, Y. Xu, and S. Zhu, “Stable gain-switched thulium fiber laser with 140 nm tuning range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(12), 1340–1343 (2016).
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Yan, A. V.

Yan, Z. J.

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, L. L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. J. Yan, K. M. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10700 (2015).
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J. Yang, Y. Tang, and J. Xu, “Development and applications of gain-switched fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 1(1), 52–57 (2013).
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J. Li, Y. Yang, D. D. Hudson, Y. Liu, and S. D. Jackson, “A tunable Q-switched Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045107 (2013).
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Ye, X. S.

Y. L. Shen, K. Huang, S. Q. Zhou, K. P. Luan, L. Yu, A. Q. Yi, G. B. Feng, and X. S. Ye, “Gain-switched 2.8 μm Er3+-doped double-clad ZBLAN fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 9543, 95431E (2015).

Yi, A. Q.

Y. L. Shen, K. Huang, S. Q. Zhou, K. P. Luan, L. Yu, A. Q. Yi, G. B. Feng, and X. S. Ye, “Gain-switched 2.8 μm Er3+-doped double-clad ZBLAN fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 9543, 95431E (2015).

Yu, L.

Y. L. Shen, K. Huang, S. Q. Zhou, K. P. Luan, L. Yu, A. Q. Yi, G. B. Feng, and X. S. Ye, “Gain-switched 2.8 μm Er3+-doped double-clad ZBLAN fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 9543, 95431E (2015).

Zhai, B.

Zhang, L.

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, L. L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. J. Yan, K. M. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10700 (2015).
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J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, L. L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. J. Yan, K. M. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10700 (2015).
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Zhu, C.

Zhu, S.

F. Wang, Y. Meng, E. Kelleher, G. Guo, Y. Li, Y. Xu, and S. Zhu, “Stable gain-switched thulium fiber laser with 140 nm tuning range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(12), 1340–1343 (2016).
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Zhu, X.

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Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

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Opt. Lett. (20)

X. Zhu and R. Jain, “Compact 2 W wavelength-tunable Er:ZBLAN mid-infrared fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2381–2383 (2007).
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Optica (2)

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PLoS One (1)

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Sci. Rep. (1)

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, L. L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. J. Yan, K. M. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10700 (2015).
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J. Liu, B. Huang, P. H. Tang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Fan, “Volume Bragg Grating based tunable continuous-wave and Bi2Te3 Q-switched Er3+:ZBLAN fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2016), paper AW1K.7.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of gain-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal pump and gain-switched pulse trains at the pump power (launched average pump power) of (a) 333.4 mW,(b) 705.6 mW, (c) 707.7 mW, (d) 720.3 mW, (e) 1.84 W, (f) 1.92W. (Pump pulse duration:13 μs, pump repetition rate: 20 kHz).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) RF spectrum in a narrow scanning range, Inset: RF spectrum at a broad scanning range and (b) optical spectrum of the laser pulses at the pump power of 705.6 mW (launched average pump power). (Pump pulse duration: 13 μs, pump repetition rate: 20 kHz)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Pulse duration and build-up time, (b) average power, peak power, and pulse energy as a function of pump energy (launched pump energy). (Pump pulse duration:13 μs, pump repetition rate: 20 kHz)

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Average power, peak power, pulse energy, and pulse duration as a function of pump power (launched average pump power) by varying repetition rate. (Pump energy: 35.28 μJ)

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Average power and (b) pulse duration with continuously tuning wavelength at various pump powers (launched average pump powers). Inset: Tuned optical spectra at the pump power of 488.3 mW. (Pump pulse duration:13 μs, pump repetition rate: 20 kHz)

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The reports on wavelength tunable fiber lasers in the 3 μm spectral region

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