Abstract

A simple, compact, and efficient few-cycle laser source at a central wavelength of 1 µm is presented. The system is based on a high-energy femtosecond ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier delivering 130 fs, 250 µJ pulses at 200 kHz, corresponding to 1.5 GW of peak power and an average power of 50 W. The unprecedented short pulse duration at the output of this system is obtained by use of spectral intensity and phase shaping, allowing for both gain narrowing mitigation and the compensation of the nonlinear accumulated spectral phase. This laser source is followed by a single-stage of nonlinear compression in a xenon-filled capillary, allowing for the generation of 14 fs, 120 µJ pulses at 200 kHz resulting in 24 W of average power. High-harmonic generation driven by this type of source will trigger numerous new applications in the XUV range and attosecond science.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, “Advances in attosecond physics,” J. Phys. B 49(6), 062001 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. Bohman, A. Suda, T. Kanai, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of 5.0 fs, 5.0 mJ pulses at 1kHz using hollow-fiber pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1887–1889 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. X. Chen, A. Jullien, A. Malvache, L. Canova, A. Borot, A. Trisorio, C. G. Durfee, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Generation of 4.3 fs, 1 mJ laser pulses via compression of circularly polarized pulses in a gas-filled hollow-core fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1588–1590 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. M. Puppin, Y. Deng, O. Prochnow, J. Ahrens, T. Binhammer, U. Morgner, M. Krenz, M. Wolf, and R. Ernstorfer, “500 kHz OPCPA delivering tunable sub-20 fs pulses with 15 W average power based on an all-ytterbium laser,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1491–1497 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. M. Müller, M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Gottschall, E. Shestaev, M. Plötner, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “1 kW 1 mJ eight-channel ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(15), 3439–3442 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, S. Demmler, A. Hoffmann, T. Gotschall, T. Eidam, M. Krebs, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “53 W average power few-cycle fiber laser system generating soft x rays up to the water window,” Opt. Lett. 39(17), 5224–5227 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. S. Hädrich, M. Kienel, M. Müller, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, R. Klas, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, A. Drozdy, P. Jójárt, Z. Várallyay, E. Cormier, K. Osvay, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Energetic sub-2-cycle laser with 216 W average power,” Opt. Lett. 41(18), 4332–4335 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, M. Tschnernajew, R. Klas, A. Hoffmann, G. K. Tadesse, A. Klenke, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, R. Boll, C. Bomme, H. Dachraoui, B. Erk, M. Di Fraia, D. A. Horke, T. Kierspel, T. Mullins, A. Przystawik, E. Savelyev, J. Wiese, T. Laarmann, J. Küpper, and D. Rolles, “High-repetition-rate and high-photon-flux 70 eV high-harmonic source for coincidence ion imaging of gas-phase molecules,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18133–18147 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Zaouter, F. Guichard, L. Daniault, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Femtosecond fiber chirped- and divided-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 106–108 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. M. Wunram, P. Storz, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Ultrastable fiber amplifier delivering 145-fs pulses with 6-μJ energy at 10-MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 40(5), 823–826 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. A. Fernández, K. Jespersen, L. Zhu, L. Grüner-Nielsen, A. Baltuška, A. Galvanauskas, and A. J. Verhoef, “High-fidelity, 160 fs, 5 μJ pulses from an integrated Yb-fiber laser system with a fiber stretcher matching a simple grating compressor,” Opt. Lett. 37(5), 927–929 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. Fiberdesk, http://www/fiberdesk.com
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2016 (5)

2015 (3)

2014 (2)

2013 (2)

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zaouter, F. Guichard, L. Daniault, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Femtosecond fiber chirped- and divided-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 106–108 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

2010 (2)

S. Bohman, A. Suda, T. Kanai, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of 5.0 fs, 5.0 mJ pulses at 1kHz using hollow-fiber pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1887–1889 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Canova, A. Malvache, A. Julien, R. Lopez-Martens, C. Durfee, D. Papadopoulos, and F. Druon, “1-mJ, sub-5-fs carrier-envelope phase-locked pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 149–157 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

Ahrens, J.

Alismail, A.

Alsaif, B.

Arisholm, G.

Azzeer, A. M.

Baltuška, A.

Barros, H. G.

Baudisch, M.

Biegert, J.

Binhammer, T.

Bodnar, N.

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bohman, S.

Boll, R.

Bomme, C.

Borot, A.

Brida, D.

Brons, J.

Calegari, F.

F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, “Advances in attosecond physics,” J. Phys. B 49(6), 062001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Canova, L.

X. Chen, L. Canova, A. Malvache, A. Julien, R. Lopez-Martens, C. Durfee, D. Papadopoulos, and F. Druon, “1-mJ, sub-5-fs carrier-envelope phase-locked pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 149–157 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, A. Jullien, A. Malvache, L. Canova, A. Borot, A. Trisorio, C. G. Durfee, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Generation of 4.3 fs, 1 mJ laser pulses via compression of circularly polarized pulses in a gas-filled hollow-core fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1588–1590 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, L. Canova, A. Malvache, A. Julien, R. Lopez-Martens, C. Durfee, D. Papadopoulos, and F. Druon, “1-mJ, sub-5-fs carrier-envelope phase-locked pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 149–157 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, A. Jullien, A. Malvache, L. Canova, A. Borot, A. Trisorio, C. G. Durfee, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Generation of 4.3 fs, 1 mJ laser pulses via compression of circularly polarized pulses in a gas-filled hollow-core fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1588–1590 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ciappina, M.

Cormier, E.

Dachraoui, H.

Daniault, L.

Demmler, S.

Deng, Y.

Di Fraia, M.

Drozdy, A.

Druon, F.

Durfee, C.

X. Chen, L. Canova, A. Malvache, A. Julien, R. Lopez-Martens, C. Durfee, D. Papadopoulos, and F. Druon, “1-mJ, sub-5-fs carrier-envelope phase-locked pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 149–157 (2010).
[Crossref]

Durfee, C. G.

Eidam, T.

Erk, B.

Ernstorfer, R.

Fattahi, H.

Fernández, A.

Galvanauskas, A.

Georges, P.

Gorjan, M.

Gotschall, T.

Gottschall, T.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Guichard, F.

Hädrich, S.

Haefner, M.

Hanna, M.

Hemmer, M.

Hoffmann, A.

Hönninger, C.

Horke, D. A.

Jespersen, K.

Jójárt, P.

Julien, A.

X. Chen, L. Canova, A. Malvache, A. Julien, R. Lopez-Martens, C. Durfee, D. Papadopoulos, and F. Druon, “1-mJ, sub-5-fs carrier-envelope phase-locked pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 149–157 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jullien, A.

Kanai, T.

Karpowicz, N.

Kienel, M.

Kierspel, T.

Kim, D.

Klas, R.

Klenke, A.

Krausz, F.

Krebs, M.

Krenz, M.

Küpper, J.

Laarmann, T.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Limpert, J.

M. Müller, M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Gottschall, E. Shestaev, M. Plötner, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “1 kW 1 mJ eight-channel ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(15), 3439–3442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, M. Tschnernajew, R. Klas, A. Hoffmann, G. K. Tadesse, A. Klenke, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, R. Boll, C. Bomme, H. Dachraoui, B. Erk, M. Di Fraia, D. A. Horke, T. Kierspel, T. Mullins, A. Przystawik, E. Savelyev, J. Wiese, T. Laarmann, J. Küpper, and D. Rolles, “High-repetition-rate and high-photon-flux 70 eV high-harmonic source for coincidence ion imaging of gas-phase molecules,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18133–18147 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hädrich, M. Kienel, M. Müller, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, R. Klas, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, A. Drozdy, P. Jójárt, Z. Várallyay, E. Cormier, K. Osvay, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Energetic sub-2-cycle laser with 216 W average power,” Opt. Lett. 41(18), 4332–4335 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, S. Demmler, A. Hoffmann, T. Gotschall, T. Eidam, M. Krebs, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “53 W average power few-cycle fiber laser system generating soft x rays up to the water window,” Opt. Lett. 39(17), 5224–5227 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Octave-spanning OPCPA system delivering CEP-stable few-cycle pulses and 22 W of average power at 1 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Express 20(10), 10870–10878 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lopez-Martens, R.

X. Chen, L. Canova, A. Malvache, A. Julien, R. Lopez-Martens, C. Durfee, D. Papadopoulos, and F. Druon, “1-mJ, sub-5-fs carrier-envelope phase-locked pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 149–157 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, A. Jullien, A. Malvache, L. Canova, A. Borot, A. Trisorio, C. G. Durfee, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Generation of 4.3 fs, 1 mJ laser pulses via compression of circularly polarized pulses in a gas-filled hollow-core fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1588–1590 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mai, K. L.

Major, Z.

Malvache, A.

X. Chen, L. Canova, A. Malvache, A. Julien, R. Lopez-Martens, C. Durfee, D. Papadopoulos, and F. Druon, “1-mJ, sub-5-fs carrier-envelope phase-locked pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 149–157 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, A. Jullien, A. Malvache, L. Canova, A. Borot, A. Trisorio, C. G. Durfee, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Generation of 4.3 fs, 1 mJ laser pulses via compression of circularly polarized pulses in a gas-filled hollow-core fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1588–1590 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Metzger, T.

Midorikawa, K.

Morgner, U.

Morin, F.

Mottay, E.

Müller, M.

Mullins, T.

Nisoli, M.

F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, “Advances in attosecond physics,” J. Phys. B 49(6), 062001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nubbemeyer, T.

Osvay, K.

Papadopoulos, D.

X. Chen, L. Canova, A. Malvache, A. Julien, R. Lopez-Martens, C. Durfee, D. Papadopoulos, and F. Druon, “1-mJ, sub-5-fs carrier-envelope phase-locked pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 149–157 (2010).
[Crossref]

Papadopoulos, D. N.

Plötner, M.

Prinz, S.

Prochnow, O.

Pronin, O.

Przystawik, A.

Pullen, M.

Puppin, M.

Richardson, M.

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rolles, D.

Rothhardt, J.

Sansone, G.

F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, “Advances in attosecond physics,” J. Phys. B 49(6), 062001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Savelyev, E.

Schultze, M.

Schwarz, A.

Shah, L.

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shamir, Y.

Shestaev, E.

Stagira, S.

F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, “Advances in attosecond physics,” J. Phys. B 49(6), 062001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Storz, P.

Suda, A.

Sutter, D.

Tadesse, G. K.

Tao Geng, X.

Teisset, C. Y.

Trisorio, A.

Tschnernajew, M.

Tünnermann, A.

M. Müller, M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Gottschall, E. Shestaev, M. Plötner, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “1 kW 1 mJ eight-channel ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(15), 3439–3442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, M. Tschnernajew, R. Klas, A. Hoffmann, G. K. Tadesse, A. Klenke, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, R. Boll, C. Bomme, H. Dachraoui, B. Erk, M. Di Fraia, D. A. Horke, T. Kierspel, T. Mullins, A. Przystawik, E. Savelyev, J. Wiese, T. Laarmann, J. Küpper, and D. Rolles, “High-repetition-rate and high-photon-flux 70 eV high-harmonic source for coincidence ion imaging of gas-phase molecules,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18133–18147 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hädrich, M. Kienel, M. Müller, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, R. Klas, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, A. Drozdy, P. Jójárt, Z. Várallyay, E. Cormier, K. Osvay, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Energetic sub-2-cycle laser with 216 W average power,” Opt. Lett. 41(18), 4332–4335 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, S. Demmler, A. Hoffmann, T. Gotschall, T. Eidam, M. Krebs, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “53 W average power few-cycle fiber laser system generating soft x rays up to the water window,” Opt. Lett. 39(17), 5224–5227 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Octave-spanning OPCPA system delivering CEP-stable few-cycle pulses and 22 W of average power at 1 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Express 20(10), 10870–10878 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ueffing, M.

Vámos, L.

Várallyay, Z.

Vaupel, A.

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Verhoef, A. J.

Vozzi, C.

F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, “Advances in attosecond physics,” J. Phys. B 49(6), 062001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Webb, B.

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wiese, J.

Wolf, M.

Wolter, B.

Wunram, M.

Yakovlev, V. S.

Yamaguchi, S.

Zaouter, Y.

Zhu, L.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

X. Chen, L. Canova, A. Malvache, A. Julien, R. Lopez-Martens, C. Durfee, D. Papadopoulos, and F. Druon, “1-mJ, sub-5-fs carrier-envelope phase-locked pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 149–157 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. B (1)

F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, “Advances in attosecond physics,” J. Phys. B 49(6), 062001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (10)

S. Hädrich, M. Kienel, M. Müller, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, R. Klas, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, A. Drozdy, P. Jójárt, Z. Várallyay, E. Cormier, K. Osvay, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Energetic sub-2-cycle laser with 216 W average power,” Opt. Lett. 41(18), 4332–4335 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, S. Demmler, A. Hoffmann, T. Gotschall, T. Eidam, M. Krebs, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “53 W average power few-cycle fiber laser system generating soft x rays up to the water window,” Opt. Lett. 39(17), 5224–5227 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, K. L. Mai, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “High-energy chirped- and divided-pulse Sagnac femtosecond fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 40(1), 89–92 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Wunram, P. Storz, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Ultrastable fiber amplifier delivering 145-fs pulses with 6-μJ energy at 10-MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 40(5), 823–826 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Müller, M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Gottschall, E. Shestaev, M. Plötner, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “1 kW 1 mJ eight-channel ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(15), 3439–3442 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Baudisch, B. Wolter, M. Pullen, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “High power multi-color OPCPA source with simultaneous femtosecond deep-UV to mid-IR outputs,” Opt. Lett. 41(15), 3583–3586 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, A. Jullien, A. Malvache, L. Canova, A. Borot, A. Trisorio, C. G. Durfee, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Generation of 4.3 fs, 1 mJ laser pulses via compression of circularly polarized pulses in a gas-filled hollow-core fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1588–1590 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Bohman, A. Suda, T. Kanai, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of 5.0 fs, 5.0 mJ pulses at 1kHz using hollow-fiber pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1887–1889 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Fernández, K. Jespersen, L. Zhu, L. Grüner-Nielsen, A. Baltuška, A. Galvanauskas, and A. J. Verhoef, “High-fidelity, 160 fs, 5 μJ pulses from an integrated Yb-fiber laser system with a fiber stretcher matching a simple grating compressor,” Opt. Lett. 37(5), 927–929 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zaouter, F. Guichard, L. Daniault, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Femtosecond fiber chirped- and divided-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 106–108 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Optica (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental set-up. The symbol φ represents the spectral phase optimization procedure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Result of a FROG measurement of the fiber amplifier at 200 kHz and 250 µJ. (a) Retrieved pulse (red) and Fourier transform-limited pulse (grey). Inset: Spectrum at the input of the main amplifier with (blue) and without (red) spectral amplitude shaping in log-scale. (b) FROG measured (left) and retrieve (right) trace (c) Retrieved spectrum (red) and independently measured spectrum (blue). The grey curve corresponds to the spectrum at the output of the laser without spectral shaping. (d) Retrieved (red) and experimental (blue) autocorrelations.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power stability of the laser for 50 W output power at 200 kHz over 70 hours.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output power (a) and transmission (b) of the capillary in vacuum (red - triangle) and with 1.5 bar of Xenon (blue - square). The inset in Figure (a) corresponds to the beam profile at the output of the capillary after collimating lens for 17.5 W output power and 1.5 bar of Xenon.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Characterization of the compressed pulse at the output of the capillary for 225 µJ input energy with 53% transmission corresponding to 120 µJ output pulse energy. (a) FROG-retrieved pulse intensity profile (red), simulated compressed pulse with quadratic GDD (green) and Fourier transform limited profile (grey). Inset:) FROG-retrieved pulse intensity profile (red) and Fourier transform limited profile (grey) in log-scale (b) FROG-retrieved spectrum (red) compared to spectrum independently measured with a spectrometer (blue) and simulated spectrum (green). (c) Measured FROG trace (d) Retrieved FROG trace.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Broadest spectrum experimentally generated at the output of the capillary (b) Associated Fourier transform limited pulse profile.

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