Abstract

Graphene-like two-dimensional (2D) materials have shown remarkable broadband saturable absorption properties. These materials were successfully applied into mode locked lasers to generate laser pulses with the pulse duration from picosecond to femtosecond. However, these novel materials have not shown good performance as far in another important aspect: Q-switched lasers. Solid-state or fiber lasers Q-switched with broadband absorbers usually generated pulses of one hundred nanosecond to several microsecond, which show weak competitiveness compared to traditional absorbers such as Cr: YAG and semiconductor saturable absorption mirror (SESAM). In this paper we utilized BP, WS2 and MoS2 solutions as saturable absorbers (SAs) to construct the passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 lasers. The pulse durations as short as 2.86 nanosecond was obtained. To the best of our knowledge, it was the first report that the pulse durations approached several nanosecond level in Q-switched lasers with liquid-form of BP, WS2 and MoS2 SAs.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2016 (11)

P. Loiko, X. Mateos, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, J. M. Serres, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Vibronic thulium laser at 2131 nm Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(11), D19–D27 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Tan, Z. Guo, L. Ma, H. Zhang, S. Akhmadaliev, S. Zhou, and F. Chen, “Q-switched waveguide laser based on two-dimensional semiconducting materials: tungsten disulfide and black phosphorous,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2858–2866 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, R. Zhao, J. He, B. Zhang, J. Ning, Y. Wang, X. Su, J. Hou, F. Lou, K. Yang, Y. Fan, J. Bian, and J. Nie, “Multi-layered black phosphorus as saturable absorber for pulsed Cr:ZnSe laser at 2.4 μm,” Opt. Express 24(2), 1598–1603 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Lu, Z. Pan, R. Zhang, T. Xu, R. Yang, B. Yang, Z. Liu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped ScBO3 laser with black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081312 (2016).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Liu, J.-R. Tian, H.-Y. Guoyu, R.-Q. Xu, K.-X. Li, Y.-R. Song, X.-P. Zhang, L.-B. Su, and J. Xu, “Passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Yb: LSO laser based on tungsten disulphide saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 25(3), 034207 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 µm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(10), 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, Y. Wang, L. Duan, L. Li, and H. Sun, “Passively Q-switched ND: YAG laser via a WS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 367, 234–238 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Zhang, T. Zhang, Y. Wang, and J. Song, “Compact stable passively Q-switched Nd: YVO4 laser with tungsten disulfide saturable absorber,” Optik 127(19), 7689–7693 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Chen, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, K. Yumashev, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “MoS2 saturable absorber for passive Q-switching of Yb and Tm microchip lasers,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(10), 3262–3273 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Fan, T. Li, S. Zhao, G. Li, H. Ma, X. Gao, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Watt-level passively Q-switched Er:Lu2O3 laser at 2.84 μm using MoS2,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 540–543 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, V. Jambunathan, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Q-switching of a Tm, Ho: KLu (WO4)2 microchip laser by a graphene-based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(2), 025801 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (8)

L. Kong, G. Xie, P. Yuan, L. Qian, S. Wang, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Passive Q-switching and Q-switched mode-locking operations of 2 μm Tm: CLNGG laser with MoS2 saturable absorber mirror,” Photon. Res. 3(2), A47–A50 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Sun, J. Xu, S. Gao, C. Lee, H. Xia, Y. Wang, Z. You, and C. Tu, “Wavelength-tunable, passively Q-switched Yb3+:Ca3Y2(BO3)4 solid state laser using MoS2 saturable absorber,” Mater. Lett. 160, 268–270 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Zheng, Y. Zhang, R. Chen, X. Cheng, Z. Xu, and T. Jiang, “Z-scan measurement of the nonlinear refractive index of monolayer WS2.,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15616–15623 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. Yumashev, A. Yasukevich, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Subnanosecond Tm:KLuW microchip laser Q-switched by a Cr:ZnS saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5220–5223 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Jin, D. Li, Y. Bai, Z. Ren, and J. Bai, “Wideband tunable graphene-based passively Q-switched Tm: YAP laser,” Laser Phys. 25(4), 045802 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S. C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p-n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (12)

H. Liu, A. T. Neal, Z. Zhu, Z. Luo, X. Xu, D. Tománek, and P. D. Ye, “Phosphorene: an unexplored 2D semiconductor with a high hole mobility,” ACS Nano 8(4), 4033–4041 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, H. J. Liu, L. Cheng, J. Wei, J. H. Liang, D. D. Fan, J. Shi, X. F. Tang, and Q. J. Zhang, “Phosphorene nanoribbon as a promising candidate for thermoelectric applications,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6452 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Mehner, B. Bernard, H. Giessen, D. Kopf, and B. Braun, “Sub-20-ps pulses from a passively Q-switched microchip laser at 1 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 39(10), 2940–2943 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Janisch, Y. Wang, D. Ma, N. Mehta, A. L. Elías, N. Perea-López, M. Terrones, V. Crespi, and Z. Liu, “Extraordinary second harmonic generation in tungsten disulfide monolayers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5530 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. Kelleher, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Fu, J. Qian, X. Qiao, P. Tan, and Z. Peng, “Nonlinear saturable absorption of vertically stood WS2 nanoplates,” Opt. Lett. 39(22), 6450–6453 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liu, A.-P. Luo, F.-Z. Wang, R. Tang, M. Liu, Z.-C. Luo, W.-C. Xu, C.-J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Femtosecond pulse erbium-doped fiber laser by a few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4591–4594 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Wen, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, and H. Niu, “Passively Q-switched Nd: YAG laser with graphene oxide in heavy water,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Qiao, X. Kong, Z.-X. Hu, F. Yang, and W. Ji, “High-mobility transport anisotropy and linear dichroism in few-layer black phosphorus,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Xu, Y. Cheng, Y. Wang, Y. Huang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Weng, and R. Moncorgé, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YAlO3nanosecond laser using MoS2as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28934–28940 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Bonaccorso and Z. Sun, “Solution processing of graphene, topological insulators and other 2D crystals for ultrafast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 63–78 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Jin, X. Chen, L. Li, M. Qi, Y. Bai, Z. Ren, and J. Bai, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho: YAG laser in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm: YLF solid-state laser,” Laser Phys. 24(3), 035801 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

T. Feng, S. Zhao, K. Yang, G. Li, D. Li, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, L. Zheng, J. Xu, G. Zhao, and Y. G. Wang, “A diode-pumped passively Q-switched Tm, Ho: YAP laser with a single-walled carbon nanotube,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(9), 095001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Huang, S. Chen, P. Tang, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Self-assembled topological insulator: Bi Se membrane as a passive Q-switcher in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, H. Yu, S. Yan, W. Zhao, W. Sun, Y. Yang, L. Wang, W. Hou, X. Lin, Y. Wang, and Y. Wang, “A 1319 nm diode-side-pumped Nd: YAG laser Q-switched with graphene oxide,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(15), 1287–1289 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Chen, W. Hsieh, and Y. Tsang, “Mode-locked Nd: GdVO4 laser with graphene oxide/polyvinyl alcohol composite material absorber as well as an output coupler,” Opt. Commun. 289, 119–122 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

R. Bhandari and T. Taira, “> 6 MW peak power at 532 nm from passively Q-switched Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG microchip laser,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19135–19141 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

R. Balog, B. Jørgensen, L. Nilsson, M. Andersen, E. Rienks, M. Bianchi, M. Fanetti, E. Laegsgaard, A. Baraldi, S. Lizzit, Z. Sljivancanin, F. Besenbacher, B. Hammer, T. G. Pedersen, P. Hofmann, and L. Hornekaer, “Bandgap opening in graphene induced by patterned hydrogen adsorption,” Nat. Mater. 9(4), 315–319 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

Y. Zhang, T.-T. Tang, C. Girit, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, A. Zettl, M. F. Crommie, Y. R. Shen, and F. Wang, “Direct observation of a widely tunable bandgap in bilayer graphene,” Nature 459(7248), 820–823 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

J. Zayhowski and P. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(9), 2220–2225 (1991).
[Crossref]

Afshinmanesh, F.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S. C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p-n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aguiló, M.

Akhmadaliev, S.

Andersen, M.

R. Balog, B. Jørgensen, L. Nilsson, M. Andersen, E. Rienks, M. Bianchi, M. Fanetti, E. Laegsgaard, A. Baraldi, S. Lizzit, Z. Sljivancanin, F. Besenbacher, B. Hammer, T. G. Pedersen, P. Hofmann, and L. Hornekaer, “Bandgap opening in graphene induced by patterned hydrogen adsorption,” Nat. Mater. 9(4), 315–319 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arora, S. K.

J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asom, M. T.

Bai, J.

C. Jin, D. Li, Y. Bai, Z. Ren, and J. Bai, “Wideband tunable graphene-based passively Q-switched Tm: YAP laser,” Laser Phys. 25(4), 045802 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Jin, X. Chen, L. Li, M. Qi, Y. Bai, Z. Ren, and J. Bai, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho: YAG laser in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm: YLF solid-state laser,” Laser Phys. 24(3), 035801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bai, Y.

C. Jin, D. Li, Y. Bai, Z. Ren, and J. Bai, “Wideband tunable graphene-based passively Q-switched Tm: YAP laser,” Laser Phys. 25(4), 045802 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Jin, X. Chen, L. Li, M. Qi, Y. Bai, Z. Ren, and J. Bai, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho: YAG laser in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm: YLF solid-state laser,” Laser Phys. 24(3), 035801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Balog, R.

R. Balog, B. Jørgensen, L. Nilsson, M. Andersen, E. Rienks, M. Bianchi, M. Fanetti, E. Laegsgaard, A. Baraldi, S. Lizzit, Z. Sljivancanin, F. Besenbacher, B. Hammer, T. G. Pedersen, P. Hofmann, and L. Hornekaer, “Bandgap opening in graphene induced by patterned hydrogen adsorption,” Nat. Mater. 9(4), 315–319 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Q.

Baraldi, A.

R. Balog, B. Jørgensen, L. Nilsson, M. Andersen, E. Rienks, M. Bianchi, M. Fanetti, E. Laegsgaard, A. Baraldi, S. Lizzit, Z. Sljivancanin, F. Besenbacher, B. Hammer, T. G. Pedersen, P. Hofmann, and L. Hornekaer, “Bandgap opening in graphene induced by patterned hydrogen adsorption,” Nat. Mater. 9(4), 315–319 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Basko, D. M.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergin, S. D.

J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bernard, B.

Besenbacher, F.

R. Balog, B. Jørgensen, L. Nilsson, M. Andersen, E. Rienks, M. Bianchi, M. Fanetti, E. Laegsgaard, A. Baraldi, S. Lizzit, Z. Sljivancanin, F. Besenbacher, B. Hammer, T. G. Pedersen, P. Hofmann, and L. Hornekaer, “Bandgap opening in graphene induced by patterned hydrogen adsorption,” Nat. Mater. 9(4), 315–319 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhandari, R.

Bian, J.

Bianchi, M.

R. Balog, B. Jørgensen, L. Nilsson, M. Andersen, E. Rienks, M. Bianchi, M. Fanetti, E. Laegsgaard, A. Baraldi, S. Lizzit, Z. Sljivancanin, F. Besenbacher, B. Hammer, T. G. Pedersen, P. Hofmann, and L. Hornekaer, “Bandgap opening in graphene induced by patterned hydrogen adsorption,” Nat. Mater. 9(4), 315–319 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blau, W. J.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boland, J. J.

J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonaccorso, F.

F. Bonaccorso and Z. Sun, “Solution processing of graphene, topological insulators and other 2D crystals for ultrafast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 63–78 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boyd, G. D.

Braun, B.

Brongersma, M.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S. C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p-n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, Z.

Chen, F.

Chen, H.

Y. Wang, H. Chen, W. Hsieh, and Y. Tsang, “Mode-locked Nd: GdVO4 laser with graphene oxide/polyvinyl alcohol composite material absorber as well as an output coupler,” Opt. Commun. 289, 119–122 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, R.

Chen, S.

Chen, X.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S. C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p-n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Jin, X. Chen, L. Li, M. Qi, Y. Bai, Z. Ren, and J. Bai, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho: YAG laser in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm: YLF solid-state laser,” Laser Phys. 24(3), 035801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Cheng, L.

J. Zhang, H. J. Liu, L. Cheng, J. Wei, J. H. Liang, D. D. Fan, J. Shi, X. F. Tang, and Q. J. Zhang, “Phosphorene nanoribbon as a promising candidate for thermoelectric applications,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6452 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, X.

Cheng, Y.

Chiu, T. H.

Choi, S. Y.

Coleman, J. N.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crespi, V.

C. Janisch, Y. Wang, D. Ma, N. Mehta, A. L. Elías, N. Perea-López, M. Terrones, V. Crespi, and Z. Liu, “Extraordinary second harmonic generation in tungsten disulfide monolayers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5530 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crommie, M. F.

Y. Zhang, T.-T. Tang, C. Girit, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, A. Zettl, M. F. Crommie, Y. R. Shen, and F. Wang, “Direct observation of a widely tunable bandgap in bilayer graphene,” Nature 459(7248), 820–823 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, Y.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S. C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p-n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Curto, A. G.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S. C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p-n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De, S.

J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Díaz, F.

Dill, C.

Donegan, J. F.

J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, L.

X. Wang, Y. Wang, L. Duan, L. Li, and H. Sun, “Passively Q-switched ND: YAG laser via a WS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 367, 234–238 (2016).
[Crossref]

Duesberg, G. S.

J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elías, A. L.

C. Janisch, Y. Wang, D. Ma, N. Mehta, A. L. Elías, N. Perea-López, M. Terrones, V. Crespi, and Z. Liu, “Extraordinary second harmonic generation in tungsten disulfide monolayers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5530 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, D.

Fan, D. D.

J. Zhang, H. J. Liu, L. Cheng, J. Wei, J. H. Liang, D. D. Fan, J. Shi, X. F. Tang, and Q. J. Zhang, “Phosphorene nanoribbon as a promising candidate for thermoelectric applications,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6452 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, J.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, M.

Fan, Y.

Fanetti, M.

R. Balog, B. Jørgensen, L. Nilsson, M. Andersen, E. Rienks, M. Bianchi, M. Fanetti, E. Laegsgaard, A. Baraldi, S. Lizzit, Z. Sljivancanin, F. Besenbacher, B. Hammer, T. G. Pedersen, P. Hofmann, and L. Hornekaer, “Bandgap opening in graphene induced by patterned hydrogen adsorption,” Nat. Mater. 9(4), 315–319 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, T.

T. Feng, S. Zhao, K. Yang, G. Li, D. Li, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, L. Zheng, J. Xu, G. Zhao, and Y. G. Wang, “A diode-pumped passively Q-switched Tm, Ho: YAP laser with a single-walled carbon nanotube,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(9), 095001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferguson, J. F.

Ferrari, A. C.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fox, D.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, X.

Gan, X.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, S.

Y. Sun, J. Xu, S. Gao, C. Lee, H. Xia, Y. Wang, Z. You, and C. Tu, “Wavelength-tunable, passively Q-switched Yb3+:Ca3Y2(BO3)4 solid state laser using MoS2 saturable absorber,” Mater. Lett. 160, 268–270 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gao, W.

Gao, X.

Gaucher, A.

J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

Girit, C.

Y. Zhang, T.-T. Tang, C. Girit, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, A. Zettl, M. F. Crommie, Y. R. Shen, and F. Wang, “Direct observation of a widely tunable bandgap in bilayer graphene,” Nature 459(7248), 820–823 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Griebner, U.

Grieveson, E. M.

J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grunlan, J. C.

J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, Z.

Guoyu, H.-Y.

J.-H. Liu, J.-R. Tian, H.-Y. Guoyu, R.-Q. Xu, K.-X. Li, Y.-R. Song, X.-P. Zhang, L.-B. Su, and J. Xu, “Passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Yb: LSO laser based on tungsten disulphide saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 25(3), 034207 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hallam, T.

J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
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Hammer, B.

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J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
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J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
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J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
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Nilsson, L.

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Niu, H.

Q. Wen, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, and H. Niu, “Passively Q-switched Nd: YAG laser with graphene oxide in heavy water,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 1–6 (2014).
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K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
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J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
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D. Lu, Z. Pan, R. Zhang, T. Xu, R. Yang, B. Yang, Z. Liu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped ScBO3 laser with black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081312 (2016).
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R. Balog, B. Jørgensen, L. Nilsson, M. Andersen, E. Rienks, M. Bianchi, M. Fanetti, E. Laegsgaard, A. Baraldi, S. Lizzit, Z. Sljivancanin, F. Besenbacher, B. Hammer, T. G. Pedersen, P. Hofmann, and L. Hornekaer, “Bandgap opening in graphene induced by patterned hydrogen adsorption,” Nat. Mater. 9(4), 315–319 (2010).
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Peng, Z.

Perea-López, N.

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J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
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Popa, D.

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Privitera, G.

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R. Balog, B. Jørgensen, L. Nilsson, M. Andersen, E. Rienks, M. Bianchi, M. Fanetti, E. Laegsgaard, A. Baraldi, S. Lizzit, Z. Sljivancanin, F. Besenbacher, B. Hammer, T. G. Pedersen, P. Hofmann, and L. Hornekaer, “Bandgap opening in graphene induced by patterned hydrogen adsorption,” Nat. Mater. 9(4), 315–319 (2010).
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J. Zhang, H. J. Liu, L. Cheng, J. Wei, J. H. Liang, D. D. Fan, J. Shi, X. F. Tang, and Q. J. Zhang, “Phosphorene nanoribbon as a promising candidate for thermoelectric applications,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6452 (2014).
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J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
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J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
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N. Zhang, T. Zhang, Y. Wang, and J. Song, “Compact stable passively Q-switched Nd: YVO4 laser with tungsten disulfide saturable absorber,” Optik 127(19), 7689–7693 (2016).
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J.-H. Liu, J.-R. Tian, H.-Y. Guoyu, R.-Q. Xu, K.-X. Li, Y.-R. Song, X.-P. Zhang, L.-B. Su, and J. Xu, “Passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Yb: LSO laser based on tungsten disulphide saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 25(3), 034207 (2016).
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J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
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Sun, H.

X. Wang, Y. Wang, L. Duan, L. Li, and H. Sun, “Passively Q-switched ND: YAG laser via a WS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 367, 234–238 (2016).
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L. Zhang, H. Yu, S. Yan, W. Zhao, W. Sun, Y. Yang, L. Wang, W. Hou, X. Lin, Y. Wang, and Y. Wang, “A 1319 nm diode-side-pumped Nd: YAG laser Q-switched with graphene oxide,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(15), 1287–1289 (2013).
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Y. Sun, J. Xu, S. Gao, C. Lee, H. Xia, Y. Wang, Z. You, and C. Tu, “Wavelength-tunable, passively Q-switched Yb3+:Ca3Y2(BO3)4 solid state laser using MoS2 saturable absorber,” Mater. Lett. 160, 268–270 (2015).
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J. Zhang, H. J. Liu, L. Cheng, J. Wei, J. H. Liang, D. D. Fan, J. Shi, X. F. Tang, and Q. J. Zhang, “Phosphorene nanoribbon as a promising candidate for thermoelectric applications,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6452 (2014).
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Terrones, M.

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J.-H. Liu, J.-R. Tian, H.-Y. Guoyu, R.-Q. Xu, K.-X. Li, Y.-R. Song, X.-P. Zhang, L.-B. Su, and J. Xu, “Passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Yb: LSO laser based on tungsten disulphide saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 25(3), 034207 (2016).
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Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
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Wang, J.

D. Lu, Z. Pan, R. Zhang, T. Xu, R. Yang, B. Yang, Z. Liu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped ScBO3 laser with black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081312 (2016).
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L. Zhang, H. Yu, S. Yan, W. Zhao, W. Sun, Y. Yang, L. Wang, W. Hou, X. Lin, Y. Wang, and Y. Wang, “A 1319 nm diode-side-pumped Nd: YAG laser Q-switched with graphene oxide,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(15), 1287–1289 (2013).
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X. Wang, Y. Wang, L. Duan, L. Li, and H. Sun, “Passively Q-switched ND: YAG laser via a WS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 367, 234–238 (2016).
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X. Wang, Y. Wang, L. Duan, L. Li, and H. Sun, “Passively Q-switched ND: YAG laser via a WS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 367, 234–238 (2016).
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N. Zhang, T. Zhang, Y. Wang, and J. Song, “Compact stable passively Q-switched Nd: YVO4 laser with tungsten disulfide saturable absorber,” Optik 127(19), 7689–7693 (2016).
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Y. Sun, J. Xu, S. Gao, C. Lee, H. Xia, Y. Wang, Z. You, and C. Tu, “Wavelength-tunable, passively Q-switched Yb3+:Ca3Y2(BO3)4 solid state laser using MoS2 saturable absorber,” Mater. Lett. 160, 268–270 (2015).
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B. Xu, Y. Cheng, Y. Wang, Y. Huang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Weng, and R. Moncorgé, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YAlO3nanosecond laser using MoS2as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28934–28940 (2014).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Wen, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, and H. Niu, “Passively Q-switched Nd: YAG laser with graphene oxide in heavy water,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Wen, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, and H. Niu, “Passively Q-switched Nd: YAG laser with graphene oxide in heavy water,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, H. Yu, S. Yan, W. Zhao, W. Sun, Y. Yang, L. Wang, W. Hou, X. Lin, Y. Wang, and Y. Wang, “A 1319 nm diode-side-pumped Nd: YAG laser Q-switched with graphene oxide,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(15), 1287–1289 (2013).
[Crossref]

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ACS Nano (3)

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Chin. Phys. B (1)

J.-H. Liu, J.-R. Tian, H.-Y. Guoyu, R.-Q. Xu, K.-X. Li, Y.-R. Song, X.-P. Zhang, L.-B. Su, and J. Xu, “Passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Yb: LSO laser based on tungsten disulphide saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 25(3), 034207 (2016).
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IEEE Photonics J. (1)

Q. Wen, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, and H. Niu, “Passively Q-switched Nd: YAG laser with graphene oxide in heavy water,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 1–6 (2014).
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L. Zhang, H. Yu, S. Yan, W. Zhao, W. Sun, Y. Yang, L. Wang, W. Hou, X. Lin, Y. Wang, and Y. Wang, “A 1319 nm diode-side-pumped Nd: YAG laser Q-switched with graphene oxide,” J. Mod. Opt. 60(15), 1287–1289 (2013).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

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Mater. Lett. (1)

Y. Sun, J. Xu, S. Gao, C. Lee, H. Xia, Y. Wang, Z. You, and C. Tu, “Wavelength-tunable, passively Q-switched Yb3+:Ca3Y2(BO3)4 solid state laser using MoS2 saturable absorber,” Mater. Lett. 160, 268–270 (2015).
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Nat. Commun. (1)

J. Qiao, X. Kong, Z.-X. Hu, F. Yang, and W. Ji, “High-mobility transport anisotropy and linear dichroism in few-layer black phosphorus,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4475 (2014).
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Nature (1)

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X. Wang, Y. Wang, L. Duan, L. Li, and H. Sun, “Passively Q-switched ND: YAG laser via a WS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 367, 234–238 (2016).
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D. Lu, Z. Pan, R. Zhang, T. Xu, R. Yang, B. Yang, Z. Liu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped ScBO3 laser with black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081312 (2016).
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Opt. Express (8)

B. Xu, Y. Cheng, Y. Wang, Y. Huang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Weng, and R. Moncorgé, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YAlO3nanosecond laser using MoS2as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28934–28940 (2014).
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R. Bhandari and T. Taira, “> 6 MW peak power at 532 nm from passively Q-switched Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG microchip laser,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19135–19141 (2011).
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Y. Tan, Z. Guo, L. Ma, H. Zhang, S. Akhmadaliev, S. Zhou, and F. Chen, “Q-switched waveguide laser based on two-dimensional semiconducting materials: tungsten disulfide and black phosphorous,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2858–2866 (2016).
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Z. Wang, R. Zhao, J. He, B. Zhang, J. Ning, Y. Wang, X. Su, J. Hou, F. Lou, K. Yang, Y. Fan, J. Bian, and J. Nie, “Multi-layered black phosphorus as saturable absorber for pulsed Cr:ZnSe laser at 2.4 μm,” Opt. Express 24(2), 1598–1603 (2016).
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R. I. Woodward, E. J. Kelleher, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
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C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
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X. Zheng, Y. Zhang, R. Chen, X. Cheng, Z. Xu, and T. Jiang, “Z-scan measurement of the nonlinear refractive index of monolayer WS2.,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15616–15623 (2015).
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Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
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Opt. Lett. (8)

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Opt. Mater. Express (3)

Optik (1)

N. Zhang, T. Zhang, Y. Wang, and J. Song, “Compact stable passively Q-switched Nd: YVO4 laser with tungsten disulfide saturable absorber,” Optik 127(19), 7689–7693 (2016).
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Photon. Res. (1)

Sci. Rep. (3)

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
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J. Zhang, H. J. Liu, L. Cheng, J. Wei, J. H. Liang, D. D. Fan, J. Shi, X. F. Tang, and Q. J. Zhang, “Phosphorene nanoribbon as a promising candidate for thermoelectric applications,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6452 (2014).
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Science (1)

J. N. Coleman, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, S. D. Bergin, P. J. King, U. Khan, K. Young, A. Gaucher, S. De, R. J. Smith, I. V. Shvets, S. K. Arora, G. Stanton, H. Y. Kim, K. Lee, G. T. Kim, G. S. Duesberg, T. Hallam, J. J. Boland, J. J. Wang, J. F. Donegan, J. C. Grunlan, G. Moriarty, A. Shmeliov, R. J. Nicholls, J. M. Perkins, E. M. Grieveson, K. Theuwissen, D. W. McComb, P. D. Nellist, and V. Nicolosi, “Two-dimensional nanosheets produced by liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 331(6017), 568–571 (2011).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The prepared WS2, MoS2 and BP dispersion solutions after ultrasonication and centrifugation.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Raman spectrum of the prepared BP (a), WS2 (b) and MoS2 (c) materials on cover glass at room temperature.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The nonlinear transmission of the BP, WS2 and MoS2 solution and its corresponding fitting curve.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Schematic experimental setup of passively Q-switched laser with 2D SA.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The output pulse energy (a) and pulse duration (b) versus pump pulse energy.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Temporal pulse profile with pulse durations. (b) the pulse train of Q-switched laser. (c) Pulsed laser spectrum, corresponding to BP, WS2 and MoS2, respectively.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Q-switched pulsed lasers with two-dimensional SAs.

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Table 2 Optical Constants of Thin Films of Materials

Equations (2)

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T(I)=1ΔRexp( I I sat ) T ns .
τ m = S p t l γ sat [ δ( 1+δ )η δln( 1+δ ) ].

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