Abstract

We report on the cathodoluminescence characterization of Au, Al and a Au/Al bimetal circular plasmonic patch antennas, with disk diameter ranging from 150 to 900 nm. It allows us access to monomode operation of the antennas down to the fundamental dipolar mode, in contrast to previous studies on similar systems. Moreover we show that we can shift the operation range of the antennas towards the blue spectral range by using Al. Our experimental results are compared to a semi-analytical model that provides qualitative insight on the mode structure sustained by the antennas.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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  1. J.-M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Claudon, J. Bleuse, N. S. Malik, M. Bazin, P. Jaffrennou, N. Gregersen, C. Sauvan, P. Lalanne, and J.-M. Gérard, “A highly efficient single-photon source based on a quantum dot in a photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 4, 174 (2010).
  3. P. Lodahl, S. Mahmoodian, and S. Stobbe, “Interfacing single photons and single quantum dots with photonic nanostructures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 87, 347–400 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–933 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. M. Pfeiffer, K. Lindfors, C. Wolpert, P. Atkinson, M. Benyoucef, A. Rastelli, O. G. Schmidt, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Enhancing the optical excitation efficiency of a single self-assembled quantum dot with a plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 10, 4555 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. M. Jeannin, P. Rueda-Fonseca, E. Bellet-Amalric, K. Kheng, and G. Nogues, “Deterministic radiative coupling between plasmonic nanoantennas and semiconducting nanowire quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 27, 185201 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, A. Degiron, S. Zauscher, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Distance-dependent plasmon resonant coupling between a gold nanoparticle and gold film,” Nano Lett. 8, 2245–2252 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. S. Mubeen, S. Zhang, N. Kim, S. Lee, S. Krämer, H. Xu, and M. Moskovits, “Plasmonic properties of gold nanoparticles separated from a gold mirror by an ultrathin oxide,” Nano Lett. 12, 2088–2094 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. T. B. Hoang, G. M. Akselrod, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Ultrafast room-temperature single photon emission from quantum dots coupled to plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 16, 270–275 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  12. R. Chikkaraddy, B. de Nijs, F. Benz, S. J. Barrow, O. A. Scherman, E. Rosta, A. Demetriadou, P. Fox, O. Hess, and J. J. Baumberg, “Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nature 535, 127–130 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. R. Esteban, T. V. Teperik, and J.-J. Greffet, “Optical patch antennas for single photon emission using surface plasmon resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 026802 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. R. Filter, J. Qi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Circular optical nanoantennas: an analytical theory,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 125429 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  15. F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, and J.-J. Greffet, “Design of highly efficient metallo-dielectric patch antennas for single-photon emission,” Opt. Express 22, 2337–2347 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. A. Mohtashami, T. Coenen, A. Antoncecchi, A. Polman, and A. F. Koenderink, “Nanoscale excitation mapping of plasmonic patch antennas,” ACS Photonics 1, 1134–1143 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical excitations in electron microscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 209–275 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. Losquin and M. Kociak, “Link between cathodoluminescence and electron energy loss spectroscopy and the radiative and full electromagnetic local density of states,” ACS Photonics 2, 1619–1627 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. W. Knight, L. Liu, Y. Wang, L. Brown, S. Mukherjee, N. S. King, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 6000 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. D. Gérard and S. K. Gray, “Aluminium plasmonics,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 184001 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. Martin and J. Plain, “Fabrication of aluminium nanostructures for plasmonics,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 184002 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. Sobhani, A. Manjavacas, Y. Cao, M. J. McClain, F. J. García de Abajo, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Pronounced linewidth narrowing of an aluminum nanoparticle plasmon resonance by interaction with an aluminum metallic film,” Nano Lett. 15, 6946–6951 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. K. M. McPeak, S. V. Jayanti, S. J. P. Kress, S. Meyer, S. Iotti, A. Rossinelli, and D. J. Norris, “Plasmonic films can easily be better: Rules and recipes,” ACS Photonics 2, 326 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. M. R. Beversluis, A. Bouhelier, and L. Novotny, “Continuum generation from single gold nanostructures through near-field mediated intraband transitions,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 115433 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  26. T. Davis, “Surface plasmon modes in multi-layer thin-films,” Opt. Commun. 282, 135–140 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  27. M. Kuttge, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Ultrasmall mode volume plasmonic nanodisk resonators,” Nano Lett. 10, 1537–1541 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  28. P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484–10503 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  29. P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of asymmetric structures,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125417 (2001).
    [Crossref]

2016 (3)

M. Jeannin, P. Rueda-Fonseca, E. Bellet-Amalric, K. Kheng, and G. Nogues, “Deterministic radiative coupling between plasmonic nanoantennas and semiconducting nanowire quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 27, 185201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. B. Hoang, G. M. Akselrod, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Ultrafast room-temperature single photon emission from quantum dots coupled to plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 16, 270–275 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Chikkaraddy, B. de Nijs, F. Benz, S. J. Barrow, O. A. Scherman, E. Rosta, A. Demetriadou, P. Fox, O. Hess, and J. J. Baumberg, “Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nature 535, 127–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (5)

P. Lodahl, S. Mahmoodian, and S. Stobbe, “Interfacing single photons and single quantum dots with photonic nanostructures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 87, 347–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Losquin and M. Kociak, “Link between cathodoluminescence and electron energy loss spectroscopy and the radiative and full electromagnetic local density of states,” ACS Photonics 2, 1619–1627 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Sobhani, A. Manjavacas, Y. Cao, M. J. McClain, F. J. García de Abajo, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Pronounced linewidth narrowing of an aluminum nanoparticle plasmon resonance by interaction with an aluminum metallic film,” Nano Lett. 15, 6946–6951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. M. McPeak, S. V. Jayanti, S. J. P. Kress, S. Meyer, S. Iotti, A. Rossinelli, and D. J. Norris, “Plasmonic films can easily be better: Rules and recipes,” ACS Photonics 2, 326 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

D. Gérard and S. K. Gray, “Aluminium plasmonics,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 184001 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Martin and J. Plain, “Fabrication of aluminium nanostructures for plasmonics,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 184002 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, and J.-J. Greffet, “Design of highly efficient metallo-dielectric patch antennas for single-photon emission,” Opt. Express 22, 2337–2347 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Mohtashami, T. Coenen, A. Antoncecchi, A. Polman, and A. F. Koenderink, “Nanoscale excitation mapping of plasmonic patch antennas,” ACS Photonics 1, 1134–1143 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

S. Mubeen, S. Zhang, N. Kim, S. Lee, S. Krämer, H. Xu, and M. Moskovits, “Plasmonic properties of gold nanoparticles separated from a gold mirror by an ultrathin oxide,” Nano Lett. 12, 2088–2094 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Filter, J. Qi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Circular optical nanoantennas: an analytical theory,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 125429 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. W. Knight, L. Liu, Y. Wang, L. Brown, S. Mukherjee, N. S. King, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 6000 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (6)

M. Kuttge, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Ultrasmall mode volume plasmonic nanodisk resonators,” Nano Lett. 10, 1537–1541 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical excitations in electron microscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 209–275 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Esteban, T. V. Teperik, and J.-J. Greffet, “Optical patch antennas for single photon emission using surface plasmon resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 026802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pfeiffer, K. Lindfors, C. Wolpert, P. Atkinson, M. Benyoucef, A. Rastelli, O. G. Schmidt, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Enhancing the optical excitation efficiency of a single self-assembled quantum dot with a plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 10, 4555 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Claudon, J. Bleuse, N. S. Malik, M. Bazin, P. Jaffrennou, N. Gregersen, C. Sauvan, P. Lalanne, and J.-M. Gérard, “A highly efficient single-photon source based on a quantum dot in a photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 4, 174 (2010).

2009 (1)

T. Davis, “Surface plasmon modes in multi-layer thin-films,” Opt. Commun. 282, 135–140 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, A. Degiron, S. Zauscher, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Distance-dependent plasmon resonant coupling between a gold nanoparticle and gold film,” Nano Lett. 8, 2245–2252 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

M. R. Beversluis, A. Bouhelier, and L. Novotny, “Continuum generation from single gold nanostructures through near-field mediated intraband transitions,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 115433 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of asymmetric structures,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125417 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484–10503 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

J.-M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
[Crossref]

Akselrod, G. M.

T. B. Hoang, G. M. Akselrod, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Ultrafast room-temperature single photon emission from quantum dots coupled to plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 16, 270–275 (2016).
[Crossref]

Antoncecchi, A.

A. Mohtashami, T. Coenen, A. Antoncecchi, A. Polman, and A. F. Koenderink, “Nanoscale excitation mapping of plasmonic patch antennas,” ACS Photonics 1, 1134–1143 (2014).
[Crossref]

Atkinson, P.

M. Pfeiffer, K. Lindfors, C. Wolpert, P. Atkinson, M. Benyoucef, A. Rastelli, O. G. Schmidt, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Enhancing the optical excitation efficiency of a single self-assembled quantum dot with a plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 10, 4555 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barrow, S. J.

R. Chikkaraddy, B. de Nijs, F. Benz, S. J. Barrow, O. A. Scherman, E. Rosta, A. Demetriadou, P. Fox, O. Hess, and J. J. Baumberg, “Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nature 535, 127–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baumberg, J. J.

R. Chikkaraddy, B. de Nijs, F. Benz, S. J. Barrow, O. A. Scherman, E. Rosta, A. Demetriadou, P. Fox, O. Hess, and J. J. Baumberg, “Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nature 535, 127–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bazin, M.

J. Claudon, J. Bleuse, N. S. Malik, M. Bazin, P. Jaffrennou, N. Gregersen, C. Sauvan, P. Lalanne, and J.-M. Gérard, “A highly efficient single-photon source based on a quantum dot in a photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 4, 174 (2010).

Belacel, C.

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bellet-Amalric, E.

M. Jeannin, P. Rueda-Fonseca, E. Bellet-Amalric, K. Kheng, and G. Nogues, “Deterministic radiative coupling between plasmonic nanoantennas and semiconducting nanowire quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 27, 185201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benyoucef, M.

M. Pfeiffer, K. Lindfors, C. Wolpert, P. Atkinson, M. Benyoucef, A. Rastelli, O. G. Schmidt, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Enhancing the optical excitation efficiency of a single self-assembled quantum dot with a plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 10, 4555 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benz, F.

R. Chikkaraddy, B. de Nijs, F. Benz, S. J. Barrow, O. A. Scherman, E. Rosta, A. Demetriadou, P. Fox, O. Hess, and J. J. Baumberg, “Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nature 535, 127–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berini, P.

P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of asymmetric structures,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125417 (2001).
[Crossref]

P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484–10503 (2000).
[Crossref]

Beversluis, M. R.

M. R. Beversluis, A. Bouhelier, and L. Novotny, “Continuum generation from single gold nanostructures through near-field mediated intraband transitions,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 115433 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bigourdan, F.

F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, and J.-J. Greffet, “Design of highly efficient metallo-dielectric patch antennas for single-photon emission,” Opt. Express 22, 2337–2347 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bleuse, J.

J. Claudon, J. Bleuse, N. S. Malik, M. Bazin, P. Jaffrennou, N. Gregersen, C. Sauvan, P. Lalanne, and J.-M. Gérard, “A highly efficient single-photon source based on a quantum dot in a photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 4, 174 (2010).

Bouhelier, A.

M. R. Beversluis, A. Bouhelier, and L. Novotny, “Continuum generation from single gold nanostructures through near-field mediated intraband transitions,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 115433 (2003).
[Crossref]

Brown, L.

M. W. Knight, L. Liu, Y. Wang, L. Brown, S. Mukherjee, N. S. King, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 6000 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burger, S.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, Y.

A. Sobhani, A. Manjavacas, Y. Cao, M. J. McClain, F. J. García de Abajo, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Pronounced linewidth narrowing of an aluminum nanoparticle plasmon resonance by interaction with an aluminum metallic film,” Nano Lett. 15, 6946–6951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chikkaraddy, R.

R. Chikkaraddy, B. de Nijs, F. Benz, S. J. Barrow, O. A. Scherman, E. Rosta, A. Demetriadou, P. Fox, O. Hess, and J. J. Baumberg, “Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nature 535, 127–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chilkoti, A.

J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, A. Degiron, S. Zauscher, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Distance-dependent plasmon resonant coupling between a gold nanoparticle and gold film,” Nano Lett. 8, 2245–2252 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Claudon, J.

J. Claudon, J. Bleuse, N. S. Malik, M. Bazin, P. Jaffrennou, N. Gregersen, C. Sauvan, P. Lalanne, and J.-M. Gérard, “A highly efficient single-photon source based on a quantum dot in a photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 4, 174 (2010).

Coenen, T.

A. Mohtashami, T. Coenen, A. Antoncecchi, A. Polman, and A. F. Koenderink, “Nanoscale excitation mapping of plasmonic patch antennas,” ACS Photonics 1, 1134–1143 (2014).
[Crossref]

Coolen, L.

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Costard, E.

J.-M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
[Crossref]

Curto, A. G.

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davis, T.

T. Davis, “Surface plasmon modes in multi-layer thin-films,” Opt. Commun. 282, 135–140 (2009).
[Crossref]

de Nijs, B.

R. Chikkaraddy, B. de Nijs, F. Benz, S. J. Barrow, O. A. Scherman, E. Rosta, A. Demetriadou, P. Fox, O. Hess, and J. J. Baumberg, “Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nature 535, 127–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Degiron, A.

J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, A. Degiron, S. Zauscher, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Distance-dependent plasmon resonant coupling between a gold nanoparticle and gold film,” Nano Lett. 8, 2245–2252 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Demetriadou, A.

R. Chikkaraddy, B. de Nijs, F. Benz, S. J. Barrow, O. A. Scherman, E. Rosta, A. Demetriadou, P. Fox, O. Hess, and J. J. Baumberg, “Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nature 535, 127–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dubertret, B.

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Esteban, R.

R. Esteban, T. V. Teperik, and J.-J. Greffet, “Optical patch antennas for single photon emission using surface plasmon resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 026802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Everitt, H. O.

M. W. Knight, L. Liu, Y. Wang, L. Brown, S. Mukherjee, N. S. King, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 6000 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Filter, R.

R. Filter, J. Qi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Circular optical nanoantennas: an analytical theory,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 125429 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fox, P.

R. Chikkaraddy, B. de Nijs, F. Benz, S. J. Barrow, O. A. Scherman, E. Rosta, A. Demetriadou, P. Fox, O. Hess, and J. J. Baumberg, “Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nature 535, 127–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

García de Abajo, F. J.

A. Sobhani, A. Manjavacas, Y. Cao, M. J. McClain, F. J. García de Abajo, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Pronounced linewidth narrowing of an aluminum nanoparticle plasmon resonance by interaction with an aluminum metallic film,” Nano Lett. 15, 6946–6951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kuttge, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Ultrasmall mode volume plasmonic nanodisk resonators,” Nano Lett. 10, 1537–1541 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical excitations in electron microscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 209–275 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gayral, B.

J.-M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gérard, D.

D. Gérard and S. K. Gray, “Aluminium plasmonics,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 184001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gérard, J.-M.

J. Claudon, J. Bleuse, N. S. Malik, M. Bazin, P. Jaffrennou, N. Gregersen, C. Sauvan, P. Lalanne, and J.-M. Gérard, “A highly efficient single-photon source based on a quantum dot in a photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 4, 174 (2010).

J.-M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

M. Pfeiffer, K. Lindfors, C. Wolpert, P. Atkinson, M. Benyoucef, A. Rastelli, O. G. Schmidt, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Enhancing the optical excitation efficiency of a single self-assembled quantum dot with a plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 10, 4555 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gray, S. K.

D. Gérard and S. K. Gray, “Aluminium plasmonics,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 184001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Greffet, J.-J.

F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, and J.-J. Greffet, “Design of highly efficient metallo-dielectric patch antennas for single-photon emission,” Opt. Express 22, 2337–2347 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Esteban, T. V. Teperik, and J.-J. Greffet, “Optical patch antennas for single photon emission using surface plasmon resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 026802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gregersen, N.

J. Claudon, J. Bleuse, N. S. Malik, M. Bazin, P. Jaffrennou, N. Gregersen, C. Sauvan, P. Lalanne, and J.-M. Gérard, “A highly efficient single-photon source based on a quantum dot in a photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 4, 174 (2010).

Gschrey, M.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Habert, B.

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Halas, N. J.

A. Sobhani, A. Manjavacas, Y. Cao, M. J. McClain, F. J. García de Abajo, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Pronounced linewidth narrowing of an aluminum nanoparticle plasmon resonance by interaction with an aluminum metallic film,” Nano Lett. 15, 6946–6951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Knight, L. Liu, Y. Wang, L. Brown, S. Mukherjee, N. S. King, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 6000 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heindel, T.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hess, O.

R. Chikkaraddy, B. de Nijs, F. Benz, S. J. Barrow, O. A. Scherman, E. Rosta, A. Demetriadou, P. Fox, O. Hess, and J. J. Baumberg, “Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nature 535, 127–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hill, R. T.

J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, A. Degiron, S. Zauscher, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Distance-dependent plasmon resonant coupling between a gold nanoparticle and gold film,” Nano Lett. 8, 2245–2252 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoang, T. B.

T. B. Hoang, G. M. Akselrod, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Ultrafast room-temperature single photon emission from quantum dots coupled to plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 16, 270–275 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hugonin, J.-P.

F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, and J.-J. Greffet, “Design of highly efficient metallo-dielectric patch antennas for single-photon emission,” Opt. Express 22, 2337–2347 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iotti, S.

K. M. McPeak, S. V. Jayanti, S. J. P. Kress, S. Meyer, S. Iotti, A. Rossinelli, and D. J. Norris, “Plasmonic films can easily be better: Rules and recipes,” ACS Photonics 2, 326 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jaffrennou, P.

J. Claudon, J. Bleuse, N. S. Malik, M. Bazin, P. Jaffrennou, N. Gregersen, C. Sauvan, P. Lalanne, and J.-M. Gérard, “A highly efficient single-photon source based on a quantum dot in a photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 4, 174 (2010).

Javaux, C.

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jayanti, S. V.

K. M. McPeak, S. V. Jayanti, S. J. P. Kress, S. Meyer, S. Iotti, A. Rossinelli, and D. J. Norris, “Plasmonic films can easily be better: Rules and recipes,” ACS Photonics 2, 326 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeannin, M.

M. Jeannin, P. Rueda-Fonseca, E. Bellet-Amalric, K. Kheng, and G. Nogues, “Deterministic radiative coupling between plasmonic nanoantennas and semiconducting nanowire quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 27, 185201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kheng, K.

M. Jeannin, P. Rueda-Fonseca, E. Bellet-Amalric, K. Kheng, and G. Nogues, “Deterministic radiative coupling between plasmonic nanoantennas and semiconducting nanowire quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 27, 185201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, N.

S. Mubeen, S. Zhang, N. Kim, S. Lee, S. Krämer, H. Xu, and M. Moskovits, “Plasmonic properties of gold nanoparticles separated from a gold mirror by an ultrathin oxide,” Nano Lett. 12, 2088–2094 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

King, N. S.

M. W. Knight, L. Liu, Y. Wang, L. Brown, S. Mukherjee, N. S. King, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 6000 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knight, M. W.

M. W. Knight, L. Liu, Y. Wang, L. Brown, S. Mukherjee, N. S. King, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 6000 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kociak, M.

A. Losquin and M. Kociak, “Link between cathodoluminescence and electron energy loss spectroscopy and the radiative and full electromagnetic local density of states,” ACS Photonics 2, 1619–1627 (2015).
[Crossref]

Koenderink, A. F.

A. Mohtashami, T. Coenen, A. Antoncecchi, A. Polman, and A. F. Koenderink, “Nanoscale excitation mapping of plasmonic patch antennas,” ACS Photonics 1, 1134–1143 (2014).
[Crossref]

Krämer, S.

S. Mubeen, S. Zhang, N. Kim, S. Lee, S. Krämer, H. Xu, and M. Moskovits, “Plasmonic properties of gold nanoparticles separated from a gold mirror by an ultrathin oxide,” Nano Lett. 12, 2088–2094 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kress, S. J. P.

K. M. McPeak, S. V. Jayanti, S. J. P. Kress, S. Meyer, S. Iotti, A. Rossinelli, and D. J. Norris, “Plasmonic films can easily be better: Rules and recipes,” ACS Photonics 2, 326 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kreuzer, M. P.

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krüger, L.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuttge, M.

M. Kuttge, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Ultrasmall mode volume plasmonic nanodisk resonators,” Nano Lett. 10, 1537–1541 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lafosse, X.

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lalanne, P.

J. Claudon, J. Bleuse, N. S. Malik, M. Bazin, P. Jaffrennou, N. Gregersen, C. Sauvan, P. Lalanne, and J.-M. Gérard, “A highly efficient single-photon source based on a quantum dot in a photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 4, 174 (2010).

Lederer, F.

R. Filter, J. Qi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Circular optical nanoantennas: an analytical theory,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 125429 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

S. Mubeen, S. Zhang, N. Kim, S. Lee, S. Krämer, H. Xu, and M. Moskovits, “Plasmonic properties of gold nanoparticles separated from a gold mirror by an ultrathin oxide,” Nano Lett. 12, 2088–2094 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Legrand, B.

J.-M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lindfors, K.

M. Pfeiffer, K. Lindfors, C. Wolpert, P. Atkinson, M. Benyoucef, A. Rastelli, O. G. Schmidt, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Enhancing the optical excitation efficiency of a single self-assembled quantum dot with a plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 10, 4555 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lippitz, M.

M. Pfeiffer, K. Lindfors, C. Wolpert, P. Atkinson, M. Benyoucef, A. Rastelli, O. G. Schmidt, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Enhancing the optical excitation efficiency of a single self-assembled quantum dot with a plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 10, 4555 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, L.

M. W. Knight, L. Liu, Y. Wang, L. Brown, S. Mukherjee, N. S. King, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 6000 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lodahl, P.

P. Lodahl, S. Mahmoodian, and S. Stobbe, “Interfacing single photons and single quantum dots with photonic nanostructures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 87, 347–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

Losquin, A.

A. Losquin and M. Kociak, “Link between cathodoluminescence and electron energy loss spectroscopy and the radiative and full electromagnetic local density of states,” ACS Photonics 2, 1619–1627 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mahmoodian, S.

P. Lodahl, S. Mahmoodian, and S. Stobbe, “Interfacing single photons and single quantum dots with photonic nanostructures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 87, 347–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

Maitre, A.

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Malik, N. S.

J. Claudon, J. Bleuse, N. S. Malik, M. Bazin, P. Jaffrennou, N. Gregersen, C. Sauvan, P. Lalanne, and J.-M. Gérard, “A highly efficient single-photon source based on a quantum dot in a photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 4, 174 (2010).

Manjavacas, A.

A. Sobhani, A. Manjavacas, Y. Cao, M. J. McClain, F. J. García de Abajo, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Pronounced linewidth narrowing of an aluminum nanoparticle plasmon resonance by interaction with an aluminum metallic film,” Nano Lett. 15, 6946–6951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marquier, F.

F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, and J.-J. Greffet, “Design of highly efficient metallo-dielectric patch antennas for single-photon emission,” Opt. Express 22, 2337–2347 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, J.

J. Martin and J. Plain, “Fabrication of aluminium nanostructures for plasmonics,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 184002 (2014).
[Crossref]

McClain, M. J.

A. Sobhani, A. Manjavacas, Y. Cao, M. J. McClain, F. J. García de Abajo, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Pronounced linewidth narrowing of an aluminum nanoparticle plasmon resonance by interaction with an aluminum metallic film,” Nano Lett. 15, 6946–6951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McPeak, K. M.

K. M. McPeak, S. V. Jayanti, S. J. P. Kress, S. Meyer, S. Iotti, A. Rossinelli, and D. J. Norris, “Plasmonic films can easily be better: Rules and recipes,” ACS Photonics 2, 326 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meyer, S.

K. M. McPeak, S. V. Jayanti, S. J. P. Kress, S. Meyer, S. Iotti, A. Rossinelli, and D. J. Norris, “Plasmonic films can easily be better: Rules and recipes,” ACS Photonics 2, 326 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Michaelis de Vasconcellos, S.

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mikkelsen, M. H.

T. B. Hoang, G. M. Akselrod, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Ultrafast room-temperature single photon emission from quantum dots coupled to plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 16, 270–275 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mock, J. J.

J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, A. Degiron, S. Zauscher, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Distance-dependent plasmon resonant coupling between a gold nanoparticle and gold film,” Nano Lett. 8, 2245–2252 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mohtashami, A.

A. Mohtashami, T. Coenen, A. Antoncecchi, A. Polman, and A. F. Koenderink, “Nanoscale excitation mapping of plasmonic patch antennas,” ACS Photonics 1, 1134–1143 (2014).
[Crossref]

Moskovits, M.

S. Mubeen, S. Zhang, N. Kim, S. Lee, S. Krämer, H. Xu, and M. Moskovits, “Plasmonic properties of gold nanoparticles separated from a gold mirror by an ultrathin oxide,” Nano Lett. 12, 2088–2094 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mubeen, S.

S. Mubeen, S. Zhang, N. Kim, S. Lee, S. Krämer, H. Xu, and M. Moskovits, “Plasmonic properties of gold nanoparticles separated from a gold mirror by an ultrathin oxide,” Nano Lett. 12, 2088–2094 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mukherjee, S.

M. W. Knight, L. Liu, Y. Wang, L. Brown, S. Mukherjee, N. S. King, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 6000 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nogues, G.

M. Jeannin, P. Rueda-Fonseca, E. Bellet-Amalric, K. Kheng, and G. Nogues, “Deterministic radiative coupling between plasmonic nanoantennas and semiconducting nanowire quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 27, 185201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

A. Sobhani, A. Manjavacas, Y. Cao, M. J. McClain, F. J. García de Abajo, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Pronounced linewidth narrowing of an aluminum nanoparticle plasmon resonance by interaction with an aluminum metallic film,” Nano Lett. 15, 6946–6951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Knight, L. Liu, Y. Wang, L. Brown, S. Mukherjee, N. S. King, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 6000 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Norris, D. J.

K. M. McPeak, S. V. Jayanti, S. J. P. Kress, S. Meyer, S. Iotti, A. Rossinelli, and D. J. Norris, “Plasmonic films can easily be better: Rules and recipes,” ACS Photonics 2, 326 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Novotny, L.

M. R. Beversluis, A. Bouhelier, and L. Novotny, “Continuum generation from single gold nanostructures through near-field mediated intraband transitions,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 115433 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, M.

M. Pfeiffer, K. Lindfors, C. Wolpert, P. Atkinson, M. Benyoucef, A. Rastelli, O. G. Schmidt, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Enhancing the optical excitation efficiency of a single self-assembled quantum dot with a plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 10, 4555 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plain, J.

J. Martin and J. Plain, “Fabrication of aluminium nanostructures for plasmonics,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 184002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Polman, A.

A. Mohtashami, T. Coenen, A. Antoncecchi, A. Polman, and A. F. Koenderink, “Nanoscale excitation mapping of plasmonic patch antennas,” ACS Photonics 1, 1134–1143 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Kuttge, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Ultrasmall mode volume plasmonic nanodisk resonators,” Nano Lett. 10, 1537–1541 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qi, J.

R. Filter, J. Qi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Circular optical nanoantennas: an analytical theory,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 125429 (2012).
[Crossref]

Quidant, R.

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rastelli, A.

M. Pfeiffer, K. Lindfors, C. Wolpert, P. Atkinson, M. Benyoucef, A. Rastelli, O. G. Schmidt, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Enhancing the optical excitation efficiency of a single self-assembled quantum dot with a plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 10, 4555 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reitzenstein, S.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rockstuhl, C.

R. Filter, J. Qi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Circular optical nanoantennas: an analytical theory,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 125429 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rodt, S.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rossinelli, A.

K. M. McPeak, S. V. Jayanti, S. J. P. Kress, S. Meyer, S. Iotti, A. Rossinelli, and D. J. Norris, “Plasmonic films can easily be better: Rules and recipes,” ACS Photonics 2, 326 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rosta, E.

R. Chikkaraddy, B. de Nijs, F. Benz, S. J. Barrow, O. A. Scherman, E. Rosta, A. Demetriadou, P. Fox, O. Hess, and J. J. Baumberg, “Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nature 535, 127–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rueda-Fonseca, P.

M. Jeannin, P. Rueda-Fonseca, E. Bellet-Amalric, K. Kheng, and G. Nogues, “Deterministic radiative coupling between plasmonic nanoantennas and semiconducting nanowire quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 27, 185201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sauvan, C.

J. Claudon, J. Bleuse, N. S. Malik, M. Bazin, P. Jaffrennou, N. Gregersen, C. Sauvan, P. Lalanne, and J.-M. Gérard, “A highly efficient single-photon source based on a quantum dot in a photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 4, 174 (2010).

Scherman, O. A.

R. Chikkaraddy, B. de Nijs, F. Benz, S. J. Barrow, O. A. Scherman, E. Rosta, A. Demetriadou, P. Fox, O. Hess, and J. J. Baumberg, “Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nature 535, 127–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, F.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, O. G.

M. Pfeiffer, K. Lindfors, C. Wolpert, P. Atkinson, M. Benyoucef, A. Rastelli, O. G. Schmidt, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Enhancing the optical excitation efficiency of a single self-assembled quantum dot with a plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 10, 4555 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, R.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schnauber, P.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schulze, J. H.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schwob, C.

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seifried, M.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senellart, P.

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sermage, B.

J.-M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, A. Degiron, S. Zauscher, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Distance-dependent plasmon resonant coupling between a gold nanoparticle and gold film,” Nano Lett. 8, 2245–2252 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sobhani, A.

A. Sobhani, A. Manjavacas, Y. Cao, M. J. McClain, F. J. García de Abajo, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Pronounced linewidth narrowing of an aluminum nanoparticle plasmon resonance by interaction with an aluminum metallic film,” Nano Lett. 15, 6946–6951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stobbe, S.

P. Lodahl, S. Mahmoodian, and S. Stobbe, “Interfacing single photons and single quantum dots with photonic nanostructures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 87, 347–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

Strittmatter, A.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taminiau, T. H.

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teperik, T. V.

R. Esteban, T. V. Teperik, and J.-J. Greffet, “Optical patch antennas for single photon emission using surface plasmon resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 026802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thierry-Mieg, V.

J.-M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
[Crossref]

Thoma, A.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Hulst, N. F.

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Volpe, G.

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

M. W. Knight, L. Liu, Y. Wang, L. Brown, S. Mukherjee, N. S. King, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 6000 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wohlfeil, B.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolpert, C.

M. Pfeiffer, K. Lindfors, C. Wolpert, P. Atkinson, M. Benyoucef, A. Rastelli, O. G. Schmidt, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Enhancing the optical excitation efficiency of a single self-assembled quantum dot with a plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 10, 4555 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

S. Mubeen, S. Zhang, N. Kim, S. Lee, S. Krämer, H. Xu, and M. Moskovits, “Plasmonic properties of gold nanoparticles separated from a gold mirror by an ultrathin oxide,” Nano Lett. 12, 2088–2094 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zauscher, S.

J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, A. Degiron, S. Zauscher, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Distance-dependent plasmon resonant coupling between a gold nanoparticle and gold film,” Nano Lett. 8, 2245–2252 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

S. Mubeen, S. Zhang, N. Kim, S. Lee, S. Krämer, H. Xu, and M. Moskovits, “Plasmonic properties of gold nanoparticles separated from a gold mirror by an ultrathin oxide,” Nano Lett. 12, 2088–2094 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (3)

A. Mohtashami, T. Coenen, A. Antoncecchi, A. Polman, and A. F. Koenderink, “Nanoscale excitation mapping of plasmonic patch antennas,” ACS Photonics 1, 1134–1143 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Losquin and M. Kociak, “Link between cathodoluminescence and electron energy loss spectroscopy and the radiative and full electromagnetic local density of states,” ACS Photonics 2, 1619–1627 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. M. McPeak, S. V. Jayanti, S. J. P. Kress, S. Meyer, S. Iotti, A. Rossinelli, and D. J. Norris, “Plasmonic films can easily be better: Rules and recipes,” ACS Photonics 2, 326 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (2)

D. Gérard and S. K. Gray, “Aluminium plasmonics,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 184001 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Martin and J. Plain, “Fabrication of aluminium nanostructures for plasmonics,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 184002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (8)

A. Sobhani, A. Manjavacas, Y. Cao, M. J. McClain, F. J. García de Abajo, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Pronounced linewidth narrowing of an aluminum nanoparticle plasmon resonance by interaction with an aluminum metallic film,” Nano Lett. 15, 6946–6951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Knight, L. Liu, Y. Wang, L. Brown, S. Mukherjee, N. S. King, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Aluminum plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 6000 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kuttge, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Ultrasmall mode volume plasmonic nanodisk resonators,” Nano Lett. 10, 1537–1541 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Belacel, B. Habert, F. Bigourdan, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, X. Lafosse, L. Coolen, C. Schwob, C. Javaux, B. Dubertret, J.-J. Greffet, P. Senellart, and A. Maitre, “Controlling spontaneous emission with plasmonic optical patch antennas,” Nano Lett. 13, 1516–1521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, A. Degiron, S. Zauscher, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Distance-dependent plasmon resonant coupling between a gold nanoparticle and gold film,” Nano Lett. 8, 2245–2252 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Mubeen, S. Zhang, N. Kim, S. Lee, S. Krämer, H. Xu, and M. Moskovits, “Plasmonic properties of gold nanoparticles separated from a gold mirror by an ultrathin oxide,” Nano Lett. 12, 2088–2094 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. B. Hoang, G. M. Akselrod, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Ultrafast room-temperature single photon emission from quantum dots coupled to plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 16, 270–275 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Pfeiffer, K. Lindfors, C. Wolpert, P. Atkinson, M. Benyoucef, A. Rastelli, O. G. Schmidt, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Enhancing the optical excitation efficiency of a single self-assembled quantum dot with a plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 10, 4555 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

M. Jeannin, P. Rueda-Fonseca, E. Bellet-Amalric, K. Kheng, and G. Nogues, “Deterministic radiative coupling between plasmonic nanoantennas and semiconducting nanowire quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 27, 185201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (2)

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Krüger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Claudon, J. Bleuse, N. S. Malik, M. Bazin, P. Jaffrennou, N. Gregersen, C. Sauvan, P. Lalanne, and J.-M. Gérard, “A highly efficient single-photon source based on a quantum dot in a photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 4, 174 (2010).

Nature (1)

R. Chikkaraddy, B. de Nijs, F. Benz, S. J. Barrow, O. A. Scherman, E. Rosta, A. Demetriadou, P. Fox, O. Hess, and J. J. Baumberg, “Single-molecule strong coupling at room temperature in plasmonic nanocavities,” Nature 535, 127–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Davis, “Surface plasmon modes in multi-layer thin-films,” Opt. Commun. 282, 135–140 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (4)

P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484–10503 (2000).
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P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of asymmetric structures,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125417 (2001).
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M. R. Beversluis, A. Bouhelier, and L. Novotny, “Continuum generation from single gold nanostructures through near-field mediated intraband transitions,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 115433 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Filter, J. Qi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Circular optical nanoantennas: an analytical theory,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 125429 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

R. Esteban, T. V. Teperik, and J.-J. Greffet, “Optical patch antennas for single photon emission using surface plasmon resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 026802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110–1113 (1998).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

P. Lodahl, S. Mahmoodian, and S. Stobbe, “Interfacing single photons and single quantum dots with photonic nanostructures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 87, 347–400 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical excitations in electron microscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 209–275 (2010).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Sketch of the three patch antennas configurations: (a) Au patch and Au mirror, (b) Au patch and Al mirror, and (c) Al patch and Al mirror. In each case, the Al2O3 spacing layer thickness is 57 nm. Below each sketch, we show an SEM image of a typical antenna. Notice the difference in surface roughness from (a) to (c) due to the poor quality of the thick Al film.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Typical CL spectrum of a Au patch plasmonic antenna of 590 nm diameter. The background contribution is shown in red dashed line. The LSPRs of the antenna are indicated, with the Roman number corresponding to the LDOS images in panel (b) and branches in panel (d). (b) Corresponding energy-filtered CL images revealing the LDOS pattern associated with the first six resonances branches in (c). The yellow circles represent the antenna physical size. (c) Waterfall plot of the CL spectra obtained for different antenna diameters. The red lines follow the position of the resonances (marked in black) and serve as guides for the eye. They are numbered from the lowest order (smallest antenna) to the largest order in small Roman numbers. (d) Corresponding intensity color-coded spectral map of the antennas CL signal as a function of wavelength and antenna diameter. The resonance branches are evidenced in green lines as guides for the eye, with the same Roman numbering. Note that we have fixed the width of each spectrum, resulting in an unevenly spaced vertical scale, to better show each resonance position. The black dashed line corresponds to the spectrum in (a).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Sketch of the geometry considered in the analytical model developed in [17]. (b) Sketch of the experimental geometry, with the two vertical mode profiles sustained by the patch antenna: symmetric (red) and antisymmetric (blue). Note that in our case, only the patch is of finite radius R. (c) Dispersion relations of the symmetric (red) and antisymmetric (blue) mode profiles. The real part of the wave vector kn,m is represented in solid lines, and its imaginary part in dashed lines. The black dashed lines are the photonic dispersion relations in air and alumina.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Comparison between the measured antenna CL spectrum (thick red line) and the simulated resonances (thin lines) of a 270 nm diameter antenna. The background contribution is indicated in red dashes. The principal Bessel contributions to the simulated spectrum are shown in thin solid lines. The corresponding Bessel numbers (n, m) are indicated in the legend. (b) Simulated spatial LDOS map: as it has no azimuthal dependence, it is represented as the function of the wavelength and the normalized radial coordinate ρ/R which varies form −1 to +1 along the diameter of the antenna. Note the separation between the m = 0 mode producing a maximum of LDOS at the antenna center, and the m ≠ 0 modes. (c) Measured CL images using the integration bandwidth indicated by the colored area in (a). The yellow circles indicate the antenna physical size. The Roman numbers refer to the mode branches numbers in Figs. 2(b)–2(c).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 CL spectrum (a) and hyperspectral CL map (b) of a 170 nm diameter antenna. The hyperspectral map in (b) is obtained by summing the spectra of all the pixels whose distance from the antenna center is between ρ and ρ + and normalized to the corresponding surface element. It is symmetric by construction with respect to ρ = 0. It clearly reveals the fundamental antenna mode n = m = 1. (c) LDOS CL image for the spectral integration bandwidths H and V indicated in (a). The degeneracy of the mode is lifted due to the imperfect shape of the disk and lead to the breaking of the circular symmetry. As a consequence we observe a horizontal (H) and vertical (V) splitting of the corresponding LDOS images.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 CL intensity spectral maps of Au patch antennas on a Au mirror (a), Au patch antennas on an Al mirror (b) and Al patch antennas on an Al mirror (c) representing the CL spectrum of each antenna as a function of wavelength and diameter. Note that in panel (c), the first two spectra show stronger resonances, and have been divided by 2 to increase the overall contrast. Panel (a) also corresponds to Fig. 2(c).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) CL spectra for a 435 nm diameter Au antenna on an Al mirror, as presented in Fig 6(b). The red line corresponds to the 10 keV excitation, while the blue line corresponds to the 30 keV excitation. (b) Hyperspectral LDOS imaging with the 10 keV beam as a function of wavelength and reduced antenna radius. (c) LDOS images obtained using the 30 keV setup by integrating the CL signal in the shaded spectral regions. They correspond to the second and third mode branches in Fig. 2(b)–(c), starting from the smallest antenna. The yellow circles indicate the antenna physical size.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E z n , m ( ρ , z ) = a ( z ) J m ( k n , m ρ ) exp ( i m φ )
Re [ k n , m ] 2 R + φ m = 2 x n ( J m )
Γ ( ω , ρ ) n , m | E z n , m ( ρ ) | 2 ( ω , ω n , m , γ n , m )
γ n , m / ω = ( 2 Im [ k n , m ] ) 2 + γ 0 ( 1 + ω norm b ) 1

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