Abstract

The 2-μm optical band has gained much attention recently due to its potential applications in optical fiber communication systems. One constraint in this wavelength region is that the electrical bandwidth of components like modulators and photodetectors is limited by the immature manufacturing technologies. Here we experimentally demonstrated the high-speed signal generation and transmission under bandwidth-constrained scenario at 2-μm. It is enabled by the direct-detection optical filter bank multicarrier (FBMC) modulation technique with constant amplitude zero autocorrelation (CAZAC) equalization. We achieved a single wavelength 80 Gbit/s data rate using the 16-QAM FBMC modulation format which is the highest single channel bit rate at 2-μm according to our best knowledge. The signal is transmitted through a 100m-long solid-core fiber designed for single-mode transmission at 2-μm. The measured bit error rates of the signals are below the forward error correction limit of 3.8 × 10−3, and the 100m-fiber transmission brings negligible penalty.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (4)

2015 (8)

R. Soref, “Enabling 2mm communications,” Nat. Photonics 9, 358–359 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Jung, S. M. Jung, and S. K. Han, “AMO-FBMC for asynchronous heterogeneous signal integrated optical transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 133–136 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Feng, M. Tang, S. Fu, L. Deng, Q. Wu, R. Lin, R. Wang, P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Performance-enhanced direct detection optical OFDM transmission with CAZAC equalization,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(14), 1507–1510 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. J. Ackert, D. J. Thomson, L. Shen, A. C. Peacock, P. E. Jessop, G. T. Reed, G. Z. Mashanovich, and A. P. Knights, “High-speed detection at two micrometres with monolithic silicon photodiodes,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 393–396 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, N. Kavanagh, Z. Li, J. Zhao, N. Ye, Y. Chen, N. V. Wheeler, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, S. R. Sandoghchi, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. U. Alam, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. J. Richardson, B. Corbett, and F. C. Garcia Gunning, “100 Gbit/s WDM transmission at 2 μm: transmission studies in both low-cost hollow core photonic bandgap fiber and solid core fiber,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4946–4951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ye, M. R. Gleeson, M. U. Sadiq, B. Roycroft, C. Robert, H. Yang, H. Zhang, P. E. Morrissey, N. Mac Suibhne, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, E. Pelucchi, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. OCarroll, F. H. Peters, F. C. Garcia Gunning, and B. Corbett, “InP-based active and passive components for communication systems at 2 μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(5), 971–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Y. Chen, Z. Li, B. Kelly, R. Phelan, J. OCarroll, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, N. V. Wheeler, A. M. Heidt, T. Richter, C. Schubert, M. Becker, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavik, “High-capacity directly modulated optical transmitter for 2-μm spectral region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1373–1379 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Gleeson, N. Ye, N. Pavarelli, X. Ouyang, J. Zhao, N. Kavanagh, C. Robert, H. Yang, P. E. Morrissey, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam Fokoua, Z. Li, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. Peters, B. Corbett, and F. Gunning, “Dense WDM transmission at 2 μm enabled by an arrayed waveguide grating,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3308–3311 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

Y.-H. Peng, H. H. Cheng, V. I. Mashanov, and G.-E. Chang, “GeSn p-i-n waveguie photodetectors on silicon substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

2012 (2)

2008 (1)

Ackert, J. J.

J. J. Ackert, D. J. Thomson, L. Shen, A. C. Peacock, P. E. Jessop, G. T. Reed, G. Z. Mashanovich, and A. P. Knights, “High-speed detection at two micrometres with monolithic silicon photodiodes,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 393–396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alam, S.

Alam, S. U.

Alam, S.-U.

Assefa, S.

Baddela, N. K.

Barwicz, T.

Becker, M.

Bradley, T.

Capasso, F.

Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, G.-E.

Y.-H. Peng, H. H. Cheng, V. I. Mashanov, and G.-E. Chang, “GeSn p-i-n waveguie photodetectors on silicon substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

M. U. Sadiq, H. Zhang, J. O’Callaghan, B. Roycroft, N. Kavanagh, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. R. Hayes, Z. Li, S.-U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. H. Peters, F. Gunning, and B. Corbett, “40 Gb/s WDM transmission over 1.15-km HC-PBGF using an InP-based Mach-Zehnder modulator at 2μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(8), 1706–1711 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Gleeson, N. Ye, N. Pavarelli, X. Ouyang, J. Zhao, N. Kavanagh, C. Robert, H. Yang, P. E. Morrissey, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam Fokoua, Z. Li, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. Peters, B. Corbett, and F. Gunning, “Dense WDM transmission at 2 μm enabled by an arrayed waveguide grating,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3308–3311 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, Y. Chen, Z. Li, B. Kelly, R. Phelan, J. OCarroll, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, N. V. Wheeler, A. M. Heidt, T. Richter, C. Schubert, M. Becker, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavik, “High-capacity directly modulated optical transmitter for 2-μm spectral region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1373–1379 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, N. Kavanagh, Z. Li, J. Zhao, N. Ye, Y. Chen, N. V. Wheeler, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, S. R. Sandoghchi, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. U. Alam, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. J. Richardson, B. Corbett, and F. C. Garcia Gunning, “100 Gbit/s WDM transmission at 2 μm: transmission studies in both low-cost hollow core photonic bandgap fiber and solid core fiber,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4946–4951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Xu, L. Yang, J. Sung, Y. Chen, Z. Cheng, C. W. Chow, C. Yeh, and H. K. Tsang, “Compatibility of silicon Mach-Zehnder modulators for advanced modulation formats,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(15), 2550–2554 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H. H.

Y.-H. Peng, H. H. Cheng, V. I. Mashanov, and G.-E. Chang, “GeSn p-i-n waveguie photodetectors on silicon substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Z.

Chi, S.

Chow, C. W.

Corbett, B.

M. U. Sadiq, H. Zhang, J. O’Callaghan, B. Roycroft, N. Kavanagh, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. R. Hayes, Z. Li, S.-U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. H. Peters, F. Gunning, and B. Corbett, “40 Gb/s WDM transmission over 1.15-km HC-PBGF using an InP-based Mach-Zehnder modulator at 2μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(8), 1706–1711 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Gleeson, N. Ye, N. Pavarelli, X. Ouyang, J. Zhao, N. Kavanagh, C. Robert, H. Yang, P. E. Morrissey, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam Fokoua, Z. Li, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. Peters, B. Corbett, and F. Gunning, “Dense WDM transmission at 2 μm enabled by an arrayed waveguide grating,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3308–3311 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ye, M. R. Gleeson, M. U. Sadiq, B. Roycroft, C. Robert, H. Yang, H. Zhang, P. E. Morrissey, N. Mac Suibhne, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, E. Pelucchi, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. OCarroll, F. H. Peters, F. C. Garcia Gunning, and B. Corbett, “InP-based active and passive components for communication systems at 2 μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(5), 971–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, N. Kavanagh, Z. Li, J. Zhao, N. Ye, Y. Chen, N. V. Wheeler, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, S. R. Sandoghchi, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. U. Alam, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. J. Richardson, B. Corbett, and F. C. Garcia Gunning, “100 Gbit/s WDM transmission at 2 μm: transmission studies in both low-cost hollow core photonic bandgap fiber and solid core fiber,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4946–4951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, L.

Z. Feng, M. Tang, S. Fu, L. Deng, Q. Wu, R. Lin, R. Wang, P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Performance-enhanced direct detection optical OFDM transmission with CAZAC equalization,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(14), 1507–1510 (2015).
[Crossref]

Du, J. B.

K. Xu, L. Sun, Y. Q. Xie, Q. Song, J. B. Du, and Z. He, “Transmission of IM/DD signals at 2 μm wavelength using PAM and CAP,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).

Ellis, A. D.

Feng, Z.

Z. Feng, M. Tang, S. Fu, L. Deng, Q. Wu, R. Lin, R. Wang, P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Performance-enhanced direct detection optical OFDM transmission with CAZAC equalization,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(14), 1507–1510 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fu, S.

Z. Feng, M. Tang, S. Fu, L. Deng, Q. Wu, R. Lin, R. Wang, P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Performance-enhanced direct detection optical OFDM transmission with CAZAC equalization,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(14), 1507–1510 (2015).
[Crossref]

Garcia Gunning, F. C.

Gill, D. M.

Gleeson, M.

Gleeson, M. R.

Gocalinska, A.

Gray, D. R.

Green, W. M.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Gunning, F.

Gunning, F. C. G.

Han, S. K.

S. Y. Jung, S. M. Jung, and S. K. Han, “AMO-FBMC for asynchronous heterogeneous signal integrated optical transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 133–136 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hayes, J. R.

M. U. Sadiq, H. Zhang, J. O’Callaghan, B. Roycroft, N. Kavanagh, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. R. Hayes, Z. Li, S.-U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. H. Peters, F. Gunning, and B. Corbett, “40 Gb/s WDM transmission over 1.15-km HC-PBGF using an InP-based Mach-Zehnder modulator at 2μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(8), 1706–1711 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Gleeson, N. Ye, N. Pavarelli, X. Ouyang, J. Zhao, N. Kavanagh, C. Robert, H. Yang, P. E. Morrissey, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam Fokoua, Z. Li, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. Peters, B. Corbett, and F. Gunning, “Dense WDM transmission at 2 μm enabled by an arrayed waveguide grating,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3308–3311 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, N. Kavanagh, Z. Li, J. Zhao, N. Ye, Y. Chen, N. V. Wheeler, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, S. R. Sandoghchi, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. U. Alam, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. J. Richardson, B. Corbett, and F. C. Garcia Gunning, “100 Gbit/s WDM transmission at 2 μm: transmission studies in both low-cost hollow core photonic bandgap fiber and solid core fiber,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4946–4951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. G. Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. G. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of 2μm data transmission in a low-loss hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, Z.

K. Xu, L. Sun, Y. Q. Xie, Q. Song, J. B. Du, and Z. He, “Transmission of IM/DD signals at 2 μm wavelength using PAM and CAP,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).

Heidt, A. M.

Huang, C.

X. R. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “128-Gb/s line rate OFDM signal modulation using an integrated silicon microring modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2058–2061 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jessop, P. E.

J. J. Ackert, D. J. Thomson, L. Shen, A. C. Peacock, P. E. Jessop, G. T. Reed, G. Z. Mashanovich, and A. P. Knights, “High-speed detection at two micrometres with monolithic silicon photodiodes,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 393–396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jung, S. M.

S. Y. Jung, S. M. Jung, and S. K. Han, “AMO-FBMC for asynchronous heterogeneous signal integrated optical transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 133–136 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jung, S. Y.

S. Y. Jung, S. M. Jung, and S. K. Han, “AMO-FBMC for asynchronous heterogeneous signal integrated optical transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 133–136 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kats, M. A.

Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kavanagh, N.

Kelly, B.

H. Zhang, N. Kavanagh, Z. Li, J. Zhao, N. Ye, Y. Chen, N. V. Wheeler, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, S. R. Sandoghchi, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. U. Alam, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. J. Richardson, B. Corbett, and F. C. Garcia Gunning, “100 Gbit/s WDM transmission at 2 μm: transmission studies in both low-cost hollow core photonic bandgap fiber and solid core fiber,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4946–4951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ye, M. R. Gleeson, M. U. Sadiq, B. Roycroft, C. Robert, H. Yang, H. Zhang, P. E. Morrissey, N. Mac Suibhne, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, E. Pelucchi, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. OCarroll, F. H. Peters, F. C. Garcia Gunning, and B. Corbett, “InP-based active and passive components for communication systems at 2 μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(5), 971–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Y. Chen, Z. Li, B. Kelly, R. Phelan, J. OCarroll, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, N. V. Wheeler, A. M. Heidt, T. Richter, C. Schubert, M. Becker, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavik, “High-capacity directly modulated optical transmitter for 2-μm spectral region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1373–1379 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Gleeson, N. Ye, N. Pavarelli, X. Ouyang, J. Zhao, N. Kavanagh, C. Robert, H. Yang, P. E. Morrissey, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam Fokoua, Z. Li, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. Peters, B. Corbett, and F. Gunning, “Dense WDM transmission at 2 μm enabled by an arrayed waveguide grating,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3308–3311 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. G. Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. G. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of 2μm data transmission in a low-loss hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knights, A. P.

J. J. Ackert, D. J. Thomson, L. Shen, A. C. Peacock, P. E. Jessop, G. T. Reed, G. Z. Mashanovich, and A. P. Knights, “High-speed detection at two micrometres with monolithic silicon photodiodes,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 393–396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kong, J.

Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

M. U. Sadiq, H. Zhang, J. O’Callaghan, B. Roycroft, N. Kavanagh, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. R. Hayes, Z. Li, S.-U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. H. Peters, F. Gunning, and B. Corbett, “40 Gb/s WDM transmission over 1.15-km HC-PBGF using an InP-based Mach-Zehnder modulator at 2μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(8), 1706–1711 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Gleeson, N. Ye, N. Pavarelli, X. Ouyang, J. Zhao, N. Kavanagh, C. Robert, H. Yang, P. E. Morrissey, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam Fokoua, Z. Li, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. Peters, B. Corbett, and F. Gunning, “Dense WDM transmission at 2 μm enabled by an arrayed waveguide grating,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3308–3311 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, N. Kavanagh, Z. Li, J. Zhao, N. Ye, Y. Chen, N. V. Wheeler, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, S. R. Sandoghchi, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. U. Alam, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. J. Richardson, B. Corbett, and F. C. Garcia Gunning, “100 Gbit/s WDM transmission at 2 μm: transmission studies in both low-cost hollow core photonic bandgap fiber and solid core fiber,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4946–4951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, Y. Chen, Z. Li, B. Kelly, R. Phelan, J. OCarroll, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, N. V. Wheeler, A. M. Heidt, T. Richter, C. Schubert, M. Becker, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavik, “High-capacity directly modulated optical transmitter for 2-μm spectral region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1373–1379 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. G. Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. G. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of 2μm data transmission in a low-loss hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, R.

Z. Feng, M. Tang, S. Fu, L. Deng, Q. Wu, R. Lin, R. Wang, P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Performance-enhanced direct detection optical OFDM transmission with CAZAC equalization,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(14), 1507–1510 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, D.

Z. Feng, M. Tang, S. Fu, L. Deng, Q. Wu, R. Lin, R. Wang, P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Performance-enhanced direct detection optical OFDM transmission with CAZAC equalization,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(14), 1507–1510 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

Liu, Z.

Loncar, M.

Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mac Suibhne, N.

MacSuibhne, N.

Mashanov, V. I.

Y.-H. Peng, H. H. Cheng, V. I. Mashanov, and G.-E. Chang, “GeSn p-i-n waveguie photodetectors on silicon substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mashanovich, G. Z.

J. J. Ackert, D. J. Thomson, L. Shen, A. C. Peacock, P. E. Jessop, G. T. Reed, G. Z. Mashanovich, and A. P. Knights, “High-speed detection at two micrometres with monolithic silicon photodiodes,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 393–396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Morrissey, P. E.

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nielsen, L. G.

Numkam, E.

Numkam Fokoua, E.

O’Brien, P.

O’Callaghan, J.

O’Carroll, J.

OCarroll, J.

Ouyang, X.

Pálsdóttir, B.

Pan, C. L.

Parmigiani, F.

Pavarelli, N.

Peacock, A. C.

J. J. Ackert, D. J. Thomson, L. Shen, A. C. Peacock, P. E. Jessop, G. T. Reed, G. Z. Mashanovich, and A. P. Knights, “High-speed detection at two micrometres with monolithic silicon photodiodes,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 393–396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pelucchi, E.

Peng, Y.-H.

Y.-H. Peng, H. H. Cheng, V. I. Mashanov, and G.-E. Chang, “GeSn p-i-n waveguie photodetectors on silicon substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peters, F.

Peters, F. H.

Petropoulos, P.

Petrovich, M. N.

M. U. Sadiq, H. Zhang, J. O’Callaghan, B. Roycroft, N. Kavanagh, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. R. Hayes, Z. Li, S.-U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. H. Peters, F. Gunning, and B. Corbett, “40 Gb/s WDM transmission over 1.15-km HC-PBGF using an InP-based Mach-Zehnder modulator at 2μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(8), 1706–1711 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Gleeson, N. Ye, N. Pavarelli, X. Ouyang, J. Zhao, N. Kavanagh, C. Robert, H. Yang, P. E. Morrissey, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam Fokoua, Z. Li, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. Peters, B. Corbett, and F. Gunning, “Dense WDM transmission at 2 μm enabled by an arrayed waveguide grating,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3308–3311 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, Y. Chen, Z. Li, B. Kelly, R. Phelan, J. OCarroll, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, N. V. Wheeler, A. M. Heidt, T. Richter, C. Schubert, M. Becker, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavik, “High-capacity directly modulated optical transmitter for 2-μm spectral region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1373–1379 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, N. Kavanagh, Z. Li, J. Zhao, N. Ye, Y. Chen, N. V. Wheeler, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, S. R. Sandoghchi, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. U. Alam, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. J. Richardson, B. Corbett, and F. C. Garcia Gunning, “100 Gbit/s WDM transmission at 2 μm: transmission studies in both low-cost hollow core photonic bandgap fiber and solid core fiber,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4946–4951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. G. Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. G. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of 2μm data transmission in a low-loss hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phelan, R.

H. Zhang, N. Kavanagh, Z. Li, J. Zhao, N. Ye, Y. Chen, N. V. Wheeler, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, S. R. Sandoghchi, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. U. Alam, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. J. Richardson, B. Corbett, and F. C. Garcia Gunning, “100 Gbit/s WDM transmission at 2 μm: transmission studies in both low-cost hollow core photonic bandgap fiber and solid core fiber,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4946–4951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ye, M. R. Gleeson, M. U. Sadiq, B. Roycroft, C. Robert, H. Yang, H. Zhang, P. E. Morrissey, N. Mac Suibhne, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, E. Pelucchi, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. OCarroll, F. H. Peters, F. C. Garcia Gunning, and B. Corbett, “InP-based active and passive components for communication systems at 2 μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(5), 971–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Y. Chen, Z. Li, B. Kelly, R. Phelan, J. OCarroll, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, N. V. Wheeler, A. M. Heidt, T. Richter, C. Schubert, M. Becker, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavik, “High-capacity directly modulated optical transmitter for 2-μm spectral region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1373–1379 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Gleeson, N. Ye, N. Pavarelli, X. Ouyang, J. Zhao, N. Kavanagh, C. Robert, H. Yang, P. E. Morrissey, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam Fokoua, Z. Li, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. Peters, B. Corbett, and F. Gunning, “Dense WDM transmission at 2 μm enabled by an arrayed waveguide grating,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3308–3311 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. G. Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. G. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of 2μm data transmission in a low-loss hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poletti, F.

M. U. Sadiq, H. Zhang, J. O’Callaghan, B. Roycroft, N. Kavanagh, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. R. Hayes, Z. Li, S.-U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. H. Peters, F. Gunning, and B. Corbett, “40 Gb/s WDM transmission over 1.15-km HC-PBGF using an InP-based Mach-Zehnder modulator at 2μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(8), 1706–1711 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Gleeson, N. Ye, N. Pavarelli, X. Ouyang, J. Zhao, N. Kavanagh, C. Robert, H. Yang, P. E. Morrissey, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam Fokoua, Z. Li, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. Peters, B. Corbett, and F. Gunning, “Dense WDM transmission at 2 μm enabled by an arrayed waveguide grating,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3308–3311 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, Y. Chen, Z. Li, B. Kelly, R. Phelan, J. OCarroll, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, N. V. Wheeler, A. M. Heidt, T. Richter, C. Schubert, M. Becker, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavik, “High-capacity directly modulated optical transmitter for 2-μm spectral region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1373–1379 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, N. Kavanagh, Z. Li, J. Zhao, N. Ye, Y. Chen, N. V. Wheeler, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, S. R. Sandoghchi, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. U. Alam, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. J. Richardson, B. Corbett, and F. C. Garcia Gunning, “100 Gbit/s WDM transmission at 2 μm: transmission studies in both low-cost hollow core photonic bandgap fiber and solid core fiber,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4946–4951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. G. Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. G. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of 2μm data transmission in a low-loss hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reed, G. T.

J. J. Ackert, D. J. Thomson, L. Shen, A. C. Peacock, P. E. Jessop, G. T. Reed, G. Z. Mashanovich, and A. P. Knights, “High-speed detection at two micrometres with monolithic silicon photodiodes,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 393–396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rice, P. M.

Richardson, D. J.

M. U. Sadiq, H. Zhang, J. O’Callaghan, B. Roycroft, N. Kavanagh, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. R. Hayes, Z. Li, S.-U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. H. Peters, F. Gunning, and B. Corbett, “40 Gb/s WDM transmission over 1.15-km HC-PBGF using an InP-based Mach-Zehnder modulator at 2μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(8), 1706–1711 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Y. Chen, Z. Li, B. Kelly, R. Phelan, J. OCarroll, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, N. V. Wheeler, A. M. Heidt, T. Richter, C. Schubert, M. Becker, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavik, “High-capacity directly modulated optical transmitter for 2-μm spectral region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1373–1379 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Gleeson, N. Ye, N. Pavarelli, X. Ouyang, J. Zhao, N. Kavanagh, C. Robert, H. Yang, P. E. Morrissey, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam Fokoua, Z. Li, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. Peters, B. Corbett, and F. Gunning, “Dense WDM transmission at 2 μm enabled by an arrayed waveguide grating,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3308–3311 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, N. Kavanagh, Z. Li, J. Zhao, N. Ye, Y. Chen, N. V. Wheeler, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, S. R. Sandoghchi, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. U. Alam, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. J. Richardson, B. Corbett, and F. C. Garcia Gunning, “100 Gbit/s WDM transmission at 2 μm: transmission studies in both low-cost hollow core photonic bandgap fiber and solid core fiber,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4946–4951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. G. Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. G. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of 2μm data transmission in a low-loss hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Richter, T.

Robert, C.

Roycroft, B.

Sadiq, M. U.

Sandoghchi, S. R.

Schubert, C.

Shank, S. M.

Shankar, R.

Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, L.

J. J. Ackert, D. J. Thomson, L. Shen, A. C. Peacock, P. E. Jessop, G. T. Reed, G. Z. Mashanovich, and A. P. Knights, “High-speed detection at two micrometres with monolithic silicon photodiodes,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 393–396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shih, F. Y.

Shu, C.

X. R. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “128-Gb/s line rate OFDM signal modulation using an integrated silicon microring modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2058–2061 (2016).
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Shum, P.

Z. Feng, M. Tang, S. Fu, L. Deng, Q. Wu, R. Lin, R. Wang, P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Performance-enhanced direct detection optical OFDM transmission with CAZAC equalization,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(14), 1507–1510 (2015).
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Slavik, R.

Slavík, R.

Song, Q.

K. Xu, L. Sun, Y. Q. Xie, Q. Song, J. B. Du, and Z. He, “Transmission of IM/DD signals at 2 μm wavelength using PAM and CAP,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).

S. Liu, K. Xu, Q. Song, Z. Cheng, and H. K. Tsang, “Design of mid-infrared electro-optic modulators based on aluminum nitride waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(16), 3837–3842 (2016).

Song, Y.

Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
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R. Soref, “Enabling 2mm communications,” Nat. Photonics 9, 358–359 (2015).
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K. Xu, L. Sun, Y. Q. Xie, Q. Song, J. B. Du, and Z. He, “Transmission of IM/DD signals at 2 μm wavelength using PAM and CAP,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).

Sung, J.

Tang, M.

Z. Feng, M. Tang, S. Fu, L. Deng, Q. Wu, R. Lin, R. Wang, P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Performance-enhanced direct detection optical OFDM transmission with CAZAC equalization,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(14), 1507–1510 (2015).
[Crossref]

Thomas, K.

Thomson, D. J.

J. J. Ackert, D. J. Thomson, L. Shen, A. C. Peacock, P. E. Jessop, G. T. Reed, G. Z. Mashanovich, and A. P. Knights, “High-speed detection at two micrometres with monolithic silicon photodiodes,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 393–396 (2015).
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Tsang, H. K.

Van Camp, M. A.

Wang, C. H.

Wang, R.

Z. Feng, M. Tang, S. Fu, L. Deng, Q. Wu, R. Lin, R. Wang, P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Performance-enhanced direct detection optical OFDM transmission with CAZAC equalization,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(14), 1507–1510 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wheeler, N. V.

Winzer, P. J.

Wooler, J. P.

H. Zhang, N. Kavanagh, Z. Li, J. Zhao, N. Ye, Y. Chen, N. V. Wheeler, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, S. R. Sandoghchi, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. U. Alam, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. J. Richardson, B. Corbett, and F. C. Garcia Gunning, “100 Gbit/s WDM transmission at 2 μm: transmission studies in both low-cost hollow core photonic bandgap fiber and solid core fiber,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4946–4951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, Y. Chen, Z. Li, B. Kelly, R. Phelan, J. OCarroll, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, N. V. Wheeler, A. M. Heidt, T. Richter, C. Schubert, M. Becker, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavik, “High-capacity directly modulated optical transmitter for 2-μm spectral region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1373–1379 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Gleeson, N. Ye, N. Pavarelli, X. Ouyang, J. Zhao, N. Kavanagh, C. Robert, H. Yang, P. E. Morrissey, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam Fokoua, Z. Li, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. Peters, B. Corbett, and F. Gunning, “Dense WDM transmission at 2 μm enabled by an arrayed waveguide grating,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3308–3311 (2015).
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M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. G. Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. G. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of 2μm data transmission in a low-loss hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Q.

Z. Feng, M. Tang, S. Fu, L. Deng, Q. Wu, R. Lin, R. Wang, P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Performance-enhanced direct detection optical OFDM transmission with CAZAC equalization,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(14), 1507–1510 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, X. R.

X. R. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “128-Gb/s line rate OFDM signal modulation using an integrated silicon microring modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2058–2061 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xie, Y. Q.

K. Xu, L. Sun, Y. Q. Xie, Q. Song, J. B. Du, and Z. He, “Transmission of IM/DD signals at 2 μm wavelength using PAM and CAP,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).

Xu, K.

K. Xu, L. Sun, Y. Q. Xie, Q. Song, J. B. Du, and Z. He, “Transmission of IM/DD signals at 2 μm wavelength using PAM and CAP,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).

X. R. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “128-Gb/s line rate OFDM signal modulation using an integrated silicon microring modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2058–2061 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, K. Xu, Q. Song, Z. Cheng, and H. K. Tsang, “Design of mid-infrared electro-optic modulators based on aluminum nitride waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(16), 3837–3842 (2016).

K. Xu, L. Yang, J. Sung, Y. Chen, Z. Cheng, C. W. Chow, C. Yeh, and H. K. Tsang, “Compatibility of silicon Mach-Zehnder modulators for advanced modulation formats,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(15), 2550–2554 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

Yang, L.

Yao, Y.

Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, N.

Yeh, C.

Yeh, C. H.

Zhang, H.

M. U. Sadiq, H. Zhang, J. O’Callaghan, B. Roycroft, N. Kavanagh, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. R. Hayes, Z. Li, S.-U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. H. Peters, F. Gunning, and B. Corbett, “40 Gb/s WDM transmission over 1.15-km HC-PBGF using an InP-based Mach-Zehnder modulator at 2μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(8), 1706–1711 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Gleeson, N. Ye, N. Pavarelli, X. Ouyang, J. Zhao, N. Kavanagh, C. Robert, H. Yang, P. E. Morrissey, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam Fokoua, Z. Li, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. Peters, B. Corbett, and F. Gunning, “Dense WDM transmission at 2 μm enabled by an arrayed waveguide grating,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3308–3311 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, N. Kavanagh, Z. Li, J. Zhao, N. Ye, Y. Chen, N. V. Wheeler, J. P. Wooler, J. R. Hayes, S. R. Sandoghchi, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. U. Alam, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. J. Richardson, B. Corbett, and F. C. Garcia Gunning, “100 Gbit/s WDM transmission at 2 μm: transmission studies in both low-cost hollow core photonic bandgap fiber and solid core fiber,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4946–4951 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ye, M. R. Gleeson, M. U. Sadiq, B. Roycroft, C. Robert, H. Yang, H. Zhang, P. E. Morrissey, N. Mac Suibhne, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, E. Pelucchi, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. OCarroll, F. H. Peters, F. C. Garcia Gunning, and B. Corbett, “InP-based active and passive components for communication systems at 2 μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(5), 971–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y.-H. Peng, H. H. Cheng, V. I. Mashanov, and G.-E. Chang, “GeSn p-i-n waveguie photodetectors on silicon substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231109 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

K. Xu, L. Sun, Y. Q. Xie, Q. Song, J. B. Du, and Z. He, “Transmission of IM/DD signals at 2 μm wavelength using PAM and CAP,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

X. R. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “128-Gb/s line rate OFDM signal modulation using an integrated silicon microring modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2058–2061 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Jung, S. M. Jung, and S. K. Han, “AMO-FBMC for asynchronous heterogeneous signal integrated optical transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 133–136 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Feng, M. Tang, S. Fu, L. Deng, Q. Wu, R. Lin, R. Wang, P. Shum, and D. Liu, “Performance-enhanced direct detection optical OFDM transmission with CAZAC equalization,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(14), 1507–1510 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

P. J. Winzer, “High-spectral-efficiency optical modulation formats,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(24), 3824–3835 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. U. Sadiq, H. Zhang, J. O’Callaghan, B. Roycroft, N. Kavanagh, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, Y. Chen, T. Bradley, J. R. Hayes, Z. Li, S.-U. Alam, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, E. Pelucchi, P. O’Brien, F. H. Peters, F. Gunning, and B. Corbett, “40 Gb/s WDM transmission over 1.15-km HC-PBGF using an InP-based Mach-Zehnder modulator at 2μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(8), 1706–1711 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Xu, L. Yang, J. Sung, Y. Chen, Z. Cheng, C. W. Chow, C. Yeh, and H. K. Tsang, “Compatibility of silicon Mach-Zehnder modulators for advanced modulation formats,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(15), 2550–2554 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Ye, M. R. Gleeson, M. U. Sadiq, B. Roycroft, C. Robert, H. Yang, H. Zhang, P. E. Morrissey, N. Mac Suibhne, K. Thomas, A. Gocalinska, E. Pelucchi, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. OCarroll, F. H. Peters, F. C. Garcia Gunning, and B. Corbett, “InP-based active and passive components for communication systems at 2 μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(5), 971–975 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, K. Xu, Q. Song, Z. Cheng, and H. K. Tsang, “Design of mid-infrared electro-optic modulators based on aluminum nitride waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(16), 3837–3842 (2016).

Z. Liu, Y. Chen, Z. Li, B. Kelly, R. Phelan, J. OCarroll, T. Bradley, J. P. Wooler, N. V. Wheeler, A. M. Heidt, T. Richter, C. Schubert, M. Becker, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavik, “High-capacity directly modulated optical transmitter for 2-μm spectral region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1373–1379 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (3)

J. J. Ackert, D. J. Thomson, L. Shen, A. C. Peacock, P. E. Jessop, G. T. Reed, G. Z. Mashanovich, and A. P. Knights, “High-speed detection at two micrometres with monolithic silicon photodiodes,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 393–396 (2015).
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R. Soref, “Enabling 2mm communications,” Nat. Photonics 9, 358–359 (2015).
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D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
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Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

X. Wu, K. Xu, C. Huang, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “Mode division multiplexed 3x28 Gbit/s on-chip photonic interconnects,” in CLEO, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Stu4G.6.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Y. Chen, J. P. Wooler, B. Kelly, R. Phelan, J. O’ Carroll, N. V. Wheeler, A. M. Heidt, F. Poletti, M. N. F. Petrovich, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavik, “Up to 64QAM (30 Gbit/s) directly-modulated and directly-detected OFDM at 2 μm wavelength,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication 2014 (OSA, 2014), paper Tu.4.3.5.
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Y. Chen, B. Kelly, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, J. P. Wooler, N. V. Wheeler, A. M. Heidt, T. Richter, C. Schubert, M. Becker, F. Poletti, M. N. Petrovich, S. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavík, “52.6 Gbit/s single-channel directly-modulated optical transmitter for 2-μm spectral region,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th1E.6.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Block diagram of the experimental setup and digital signal processing. MOD: modulator, EA: electrical amplifier, SMF: single mode fiber, PD: photodiode.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) The normalized spectrum of the received electrical signal for the b2b 16-QAM. (b) The measured SNR of each subcarrier for the b2b 16-QAM signal.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Measured BER curves for b2b and 100m SCSMF transmission of 16-QAM-FBMC signals. The measured constellation diagram for (b) the b2b and (c) the 100m SCSMF transmission case.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The normalized spectrum of the received electrical signal for the b2b 32-QAM. (b) The measured SNR of each subcarrier for the b2b 32-QAM signal.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Measured BER curves for b2b and 100m SCSMF transmission of 32-QAM-FBMC signals. The measured constellation diagram for (b) the b2b and (c) the 100m SCSMF transmission case.

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