Abstract

Biological research requires dynamic and wide-field optical microscopy with resolution down to nanometer to study the biological process in a sub-cell or single molecular level. To address this issue, we propose a dynamic wide-field optical nanoimaging method based on a meta-nanocavity platform (MNCP) model which can be incorporated in micro/nano-fluidic systems so that the samples to be observed can be confined in a nano-scale space for the ease of imaging. It is found that this platform can support standing wave surface plasmons (SW-SPs) interference pattern with a period of 105 nm for a 532 nm incident wavelength. Furthermore, the potential application of the NCP for wide-field super-resolution imaging was discussed and the simulation results show that an imaging resolution of sub-80 nm can be achieved.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (4)

S. Cao, T. Wang, W. Xu, H. Liu, H. Zhang, B. Hu, and W. Yu, “Gradient permittivity meta-structure model for wide-field super-resolution imaging with a sub-45 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23460 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Papaioannou, E. Plum, J. Valente, E. T. F. Rogers, and N. I. Zheludev, “Two-dimensional control of light with light on metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16070 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Yang, H. Xie, E. Alonas, Y. Liu, X. Chen, P. J. Santangelo, Q. Ren, P. Xi, and D. Jin, “Mirror-enhanced super-resolution microscopy,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(6), e16134 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

X. Fang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “Controlling light with light using coherent metadevices: all-optical transistor, summator and invertor,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e292 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. L. Gao, F. Z. Fang, Y. M. Liu, and S. Zhang, “Chiral surface waves supported by biaxial hyperbolic metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e328 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

F. Wei, D. Lu, H. Shen, W. Wan, J. L. Ponsetto, E. Huang, and Z. Liu, “Wide field super-resolution surface imaging through plasmonic structured illumination microscopy,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4634–4639 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Gjonaj, A. David, Y. Blau, G. Spektor, M. Orenstein, S. Dolev, and G. Bartal, “Sub-100 nm focusing of short wavelength plasmons in homogeneous 2D space,” Nano Lett. 14(10), 5598–5602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, H. Wang, H. Liao, Z. Li, C. Sun, J. Chen, and Q. Gong, “Unidirectional launching of surface plasmons at the subwavelength scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231101 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J. C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(8), e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Li, A. Tittl, S. Yue, H. Giessen, C. Song, B. Ding, and N. Liu, “DNA-assembled bimetallic plasmonic nanosensors,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(12), e226 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

X. Hao, C. Kuang, Z. Gu, Y. Wang, S. Li, Y. Ku, Y. Li, J. Ge, and X. Liu, “From microscopy to nanoscopy via visible light,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(10), e108 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

Q. Wang, J. Bu, P. S. Tan, G. H. Yuan, J. H. Teng, H. Wang, and X.-C. Yuan, “Subwavelength-sized plasmonic structures for wide-field optical microscopic imaging with super-resolution,” Plasmonics 7(3), 427–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

D. Lu, J. Kan, E. E. Fullerton, and Z. Liu, “Tunable surface plasmon polaritons in Ag composite films by adding dielectrics or semiconductors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 243114 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

F. Wei and Z. Liu, “Plasmonic structured illumination microscopy,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2531–2536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. S. Tan, X. C. Yuan, G. H. Yuan, and Q. Wang, “High-resolution wide-field standing-wave surface plasmon resonance fluorescence microscopy with optical vortices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 241109 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (7)

L. Shao, B. Isaac, S. Uzawa, D. A. Agard, J. W. Sedat, and M. G. Gustafsson, “I5S: wide-field light microscopy with 100-nm-scale resolution in three dimensions,” Biophys. J. 94(12), 4971–4983 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang and Z. Liu, “Superlenses to overcome the diffraction limit,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 435–441 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Cui, L. M. Lee, X. Heng, W. Zhong, P. W. Sternberg, D. Psaltis, and C. Yang, “Lensless high-resolution on-chip optofluidic microscopes for Caenorhabditis elegans and cell imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(31), 10670–10675 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Cui, M. Lew, and C. Yang, “Quantitative differential interference contrast microscopy based on structured-aperture interference,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(9), 091113 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Verhagen, J. A. Dionne, L. K. Kuipers, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Near-field visualization of strongly confined surface plasmon polaritons in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2925–2929 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Projecting deep-subwavelength patterns from diffraction-limited masks using metal-dielectric multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(11), 111116 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 403–408 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Two-dimensional imaging by far-field superlens at visible wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 7(11), 3360–3365 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (7)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science 313(5793), 1642–1645 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, H. Lee, and X. Zhang, “Tuning the focus of a plasmonic lens by the incident angle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(17), 171108 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. M. Whitesides, “The origins and the future of microfluidics,” Nature 442(7101), 368–373 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. A. Belov and Y. Hao, “Subwavelength imaging at optical frequencies using a transmission device formed by a periodic layered metal-dielectric structure operating in the canalization regime,” Phys. Rev. B 73(11), 113110 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, “Squeezing visible light waves into a 3-nm-thick and 55-nm-long plasmon cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 097401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Heng, D. Erickson, L. R. Baugh, Z. Yaqoob, P. W. Sternberg, D. Psaltis, and C. Yang, “Optofluidic microscopy--a method for implementing a high resolution optical microscope on a chip,” Lab Chip 6(10), 1274–1276 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

N. Calander, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission and Fabry-Perot resonance in the sample layer: A theoretical approach,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(29), 13957–13963 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

N. Calander, “Theory and simulation of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission from fluorophores at planar structures,” Anal. Chem. 76(8), 2168–2173 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

M. G. L. Gustafsson, “Surpassing the lateral resolution limit by a factor of two using structured illumination microscopy,” J. Microsc. 198(2), 82–87 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

P. E. Hänninen, S. W. Hell, J. Salo, E. Soini, and C. Cremer, “Two-photon excitation 4Pi confocal microscope: enhanced axial resolution microscope for biological research,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(13), 1698–1700 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

1972 (2)

E. A. Ash and G. Nicholls, “Super-resolution aperture scanning microscope,” Nature 237(5357), 510–512 (1972).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Agard, D. A.

L. Shao, B. Isaac, S. Uzawa, D. A. Agard, J. W. Sedat, and M. G. Gustafsson, “I5S: wide-field light microscopy with 100-nm-scale resolution in three dimensions,” Biophys. J. 94(12), 4971–4983 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alonas, E.

X. Yang, H. Xie, E. Alonas, Y. Liu, X. Chen, P. J. Santangelo, Q. Ren, P. Xi, and D. Jin, “Mirror-enhanced super-resolution microscopy,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(6), e16134 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anker, J. N.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ash, E. A.

E. A. Ash and G. Nicholls, “Super-resolution aperture scanning microscope,” Nature 237(5357), 510–512 (1972).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

E. Verhagen, J. A. Dionne, L. K. Kuipers, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Near-field visualization of strongly confined surface plasmon polaritons in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2925–2929 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

B. Gjonaj, A. David, Y. Blau, G. Spektor, M. Orenstein, S. Dolev, and G. Bartal, “Sub-100 nm focusing of short wavelength plasmons in homogeneous 2D space,” Nano Lett. 14(10), 5598–5602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baugh, L. R.

X. Heng, D. Erickson, L. R. Baugh, Z. Yaqoob, P. W. Sternberg, D. Psaltis, and C. Yang, “Optofluidic microscopy--a method for implementing a high resolution optical microscope on a chip,” Lab Chip 6(10), 1274–1276 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belov, P. A.

P. A. Belov and Y. Hao, “Subwavelength imaging at optical frequencies using a transmission device formed by a periodic layered metal-dielectric structure operating in the canalization regime,” Phys. Rev. B 73(11), 113110 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bernardin, T.

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J. C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(8), e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

Betzig, E.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science 313(5793), 1642–1645 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blau, Y.

B. Gjonaj, A. David, Y. Blau, G. Spektor, M. Orenstein, S. Dolev, and G. Bartal, “Sub-100 nm focusing of short wavelength plasmons in homogeneous 2D space,” Nano Lett. 14(10), 5598–5602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonifacino, J. S.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science 313(5793), 1642–1645 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J. C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(8), e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bu, J.

Q. Wang, J. Bu, P. S. Tan, G. H. Yuan, J. H. Teng, H. Wang, and X.-C. Yuan, “Subwavelength-sized plasmonic structures for wide-field optical microscopic imaging with super-resolution,” Plasmonics 7(3), 427–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Calander, N.

N. Calander, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission and Fabry-Perot resonance in the sample layer: A theoretical approach,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(29), 13957–13963 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Calander, “Theory and simulation of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission from fluorophores at planar structures,” Anal. Chem. 76(8), 2168–2173 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, S.

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Q. Wang, J. Bu, P. S. Tan, G. H. Yuan, J. H. Teng, H. Wang, and X.-C. Yuan, “Subwavelength-sized plasmonic structures for wide-field optical microscopic imaging with super-resolution,” Plasmonics 7(3), 427–433 (2012).
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P. S. Tan, X. C. Yuan, G. H. Yuan, and Q. Wang, “High-resolution wide-field standing-wave surface plasmon resonance fluorescence microscopy with optical vortices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 241109 (2010).
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N. Li, A. Tittl, S. Yue, H. Giessen, C. Song, B. Ding, and N. Liu, “DNA-assembled bimetallic plasmonic nanosensors,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(12), e226 (2014).
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Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Projecting deep-subwavelength patterns from diffraction-limited masks using metal-dielectric multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(11), 111116 (2008).
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X. Zhang and Z. Liu, “Superlenses to overcome the diffraction limit,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 435–441 (2008).
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Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
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Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 403–408 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, H. Lee, and X. Zhang, “Tuning the focus of a plasmonic lens by the incident angle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(17), 171108 (2006).
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Y. Zhang, H. Wang, H. Liao, Z. Li, C. Sun, J. Chen, and Q. Gong, “Unidirectional launching of surface plasmons at the subwavelength scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
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M. Papaioannou, E. Plum, J. Valente, E. T. F. Rogers, and N. I. Zheludev, “Two-dimensional control of light with light on metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16070 (2016).
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X. Fang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “Controlling light with light using coherent metadevices: all-optical transistor, summator and invertor,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e292 (2015).
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X. Cui, L. M. Lee, X. Heng, W. Zhong, P. W. Sternberg, D. Psaltis, and C. Yang, “Lensless high-resolution on-chip optofluidic microscopes for Caenorhabditis elegans and cell imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(31), 10670–10675 (2008).
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W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
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N. Calander, “Theory and simulation of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission from fluorophores at planar structures,” Anal. Chem. 76(8), 2168–2173 (2004).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, H. Lee, and X. Zhang, “Tuning the focus of a plasmonic lens by the incident angle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(17), 171108 (2006).
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Y. Zhang, H. Wang, H. Liao, Z. Li, C. Sun, J. Chen, and Q. Gong, “Unidirectional launching of surface plasmons at the subwavelength scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(23), 231101 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. S. Tan, X. C. Yuan, G. H. Yuan, and Q. Wang, “High-resolution wide-field standing-wave surface plasmon resonance fluorescence microscopy with optical vortices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 241109 (2010).
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Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Projecting deep-subwavelength patterns from diffraction-limited masks using metal-dielectric multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(11), 111116 (2008).
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X. Cui, M. Lew, and C. Yang, “Quantitative differential interference contrast microscopy based on structured-aperture interference,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(9), 091113 (2008).
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Biophys. J. (1)

L. Shao, B. Isaac, S. Uzawa, D. A. Agard, J. W. Sedat, and M. G. Gustafsson, “I5S: wide-field light microscopy with 100-nm-scale resolution in three dimensions,” Biophys. J. 94(12), 4971–4983 (2008).
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X. Heng, D. Erickson, L. R. Baugh, Z. Yaqoob, P. W. Sternberg, D. Psaltis, and C. Yang, “Optofluidic microscopy--a method for implementing a high resolution optical microscope on a chip,” Lab Chip 6(10), 1274–1276 (2006).
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Light Sci. Appl. (8)

X. Fang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “Controlling light with light using coherent metadevices: all-optical transistor, summator and invertor,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e292 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Yang, H. Xie, E. Alonas, Y. Liu, X. Chen, P. J. Santangelo, Q. Ren, P. Xi, and D. Jin, “Mirror-enhanced super-resolution microscopy,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(6), e16134 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J. C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(8), e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. L. Gao, F. Z. Fang, Y. M. Liu, and S. Zhang, “Chiral surface waves supported by biaxial hyperbolic metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e328 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Papaioannou, E. Plum, J. Valente, E. T. F. Rogers, and N. I. Zheludev, “Two-dimensional control of light with light on metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16070 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Hao, C. Kuang, Z. Gu, Y. Wang, S. Li, Y. Ku, Y. Li, J. Ge, and X. Liu, “From microscopy to nanoscopy via visible light,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(10), e108 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Li, A. Tittl, S. Yue, H. Giessen, C. Song, B. Ding, and N. Liu, “DNA-assembled bimetallic plasmonic nanosensors,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(12), e226 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (7)

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Verhagen, J. A. Dionne, L. K. Kuipers, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Near-field visualization of strongly confined surface plasmon polaritons in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2925–2929 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Wei and Z. Liu, “Plasmonic structured illumination microscopy,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2531–2536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Wei, D. Lu, H. Shen, W. Wan, J. L. Ponsetto, E. Huang, and Z. Liu, “Wide field super-resolution surface imaging through plasmonic structured illumination microscopy,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4634–4639 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Gjonaj, A. David, Y. Blau, G. Spektor, M. Orenstein, S. Dolev, and G. Bartal, “Sub-100 nm focusing of short wavelength plasmons in homogeneous 2D space,” Nano Lett. 14(10), 5598–5602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Two-dimensional imaging by far-field superlens at visible wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 7(11), 3360–3365 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (2)

X. Zhang and Z. Liu, “Superlenses to overcome the diffraction limit,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 435–441 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The schematic diagram of the nano-cavity platform. (a) Part II, and (b) Part I, (c) schematic diagram of the nano-air-cavity platform: the combination of Part I and Part II with 180° rotation along x-axis, and (d) schematic diagram of the nano-water-cavity platform.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The distribution of the SW-SPs in the nano-cavity of the NCP. (a) and (b) the distribution of x-component of the electric field in y = 0 plane for NACP and NSCP, respectively. (c) The intensity of the electric field along the vertical dashed lines in (a) and (b): red for (a) and magenta for (b). (d) and (e) the distribution of x-component of the electric field in z = 115 nm plane for NACP and NSCP, respectively. (f) The distribution of the electrical field intensity along the dashed lines, black for (d) and green for (e), respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The schematic diagram of the model of NCP used in analytic method. εi and di stand for the permittivity and thickness of the material in each layer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The period of SW-SPs as a function of the thickness of nano-cavity. (a) The results for different dielectric material in nano-cavity of NCP, when the metal in NCP is Ag; (b) Details of the yellow dashed rectangle in (a). (c) The results for different dielectric material in nano-cavity of NCP, when the metal in NCP is Au; (d) Details of the green dashed rectangle in (c).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The verified results of NCP used in fluorescent imaging. (a) The schematic diagram of the verified model. (b) The distribution of electric field at the plane 10 nm above the upper SiO2 film. (c) The SPCE intensity in the far field after near to far field projections. (d) The electric field from the dipole source at the y = 0 plane.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The schematic diagram of the NCP used in PSIM. (a) Optical configuration of SPs generated by NCP. The plasmonic interference pattern is generated by two adjacent counter propagating SPs and used to excite the quantum dots in nano-cavity, and (b) schematic demonstration of 120° phase shift of the SPs interference pattern with different incident angles (0, 4, and 8.5°).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The simulation results of the NCP imaging performance. (a) A reconstructed image; (b) A diffraction-limited image; (c) FWHM comparison between conventional epi-fluorescence microscopic image (black curve) and the super-resolution image by using the NCP (red line) in PSIM; (d) The intensity of the imaging of two POs along the dot dashed lines in (a) and (b): magenta for (a) and green for (b). The black rectangles in (c) and (d) represent the true distribution of PO. (e) Simulated composite images for NCP-PSIM imaging of two separated by 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, and 100 nm in x-direction; (f) The reconstructed image of two POs separated by 60 nm.

Equations (6)

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α= k 2z / ε 2 + k 1z / ε 1 k 2z / ε 2 k 1z / ε 1
β= e 2 k 3z ( d 2 + d 3 ) ( k 4z / ε 4 k 3z / ε 3 ) k 4z / ε 4 + k 3z / ε 3
α e 2 k 2z d 2 = β*( k 2z / ε 2 + k 3z / ε 3 ) e 2 k 3z d 2 + k 2z / ε 2 k 3z / ε 3 β*( k 2z / ε 2 k 3z / ε 3 ) e 2 k 3z d 2 + k 2z / ε 2 + k 3z / ε 3
k iz = κ 2 k 0 2 ε i ( i=14 )
k 2z / ε 2 + k 1z / ε 1 =0
κ= k 0 ε 1 ε 2 ε 1 + ε 2

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