Abstract

We report a nonlinear signal processing system based on a SiGe waveguide suitable for high spectral efficiency data signals. Four-wave-mixing (FWM)-based wavelength conversion of 10-Gbaud 16-Quadrature amplitude modulated (QAM) and 64-QAM signals is demonstrated with less than −10-dB conversion efficiency (CE), 36-dB idler optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR), negligible bit error ratio (BER) penalty and a 3-dB conversion bandwidth exceeding 30nm. The SiGe device was CW-pumped and operated in a passive scheme without giving rise to any two-photon absorption (TPA) effects.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
FWM-based wavelength conversion of 40 Gbaud PSK signals in a silicon germanium waveguide

Mohamed A. Ettabib, Kamal Hammani, Francesca Parmigiani, Liam Jones, Alexandros Kapsalis, Adonis Bogris, Dimitris Syvridis, Mickael Brun, Pierre Labeye, Sergio Nicoletti, and Periklis Petropoulos
Opt. Express 21(14) 16683-16689 (2013)

Low-power-penalty wavelength multicasting for 36  Gbit/s 16-QAM coherent optical signals in a silicon waveguide

Xiaoyan Wang, Lingchen Huang, and Shiming Gao
Opt. Lett. 39(24) 6907-6910 (2014)

Wavelength conversion of 28 GBaud 16-QAM signals based on four-wave mixing in a silicon nanowire

Rhys Adams, Mina Spasojevic, Mathieu Chagnon, Mahdi Malekiha, Jia Li, David V. Plant, and Lawrence R. Chen
Opt. Express 22(4) 4083-4090 (2014)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. J. Richardson, “Applied physics. Filling the light pipe,” Science 330(6002), 327–328 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, and K. Ishihara, “Nonlinear tolerant spectrally-efficient transmission using PDM 64-QAM single carrier FDM with digital pilot-tone,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(24), 3805–3815 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. Adams, M. Spasojevic, M. Chagnon, M. Malekiha, J. Li, D. V. Plant, and L. R. Chen, “Wavelength conversion of 28 GBaud 16-QAM signals based on four-wave mixing in a silicon nanowire,” Opt. Express 22(4), 4083–4090 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. C. Li, C. Gui, X. Xiao, Q. Yang, S. Yu, and J. Wang, “On-chip all-optical wavelength conversion of multicarrier, multilevel modulation (OFDM m-QAM) signals using a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4583–4586 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Long, J. Liu, X. Hu, A. Wang, L. Zhou, K. Zou, Y. Zhu, F. Zhang, and J. Wang, “All-optical multi-channel wavelength conversion of Nyquist 16 QAM signal using a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 40(23), 5475–5478 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. F. P. Guiomar, S. B. Amado, A. Carena, G. Bosco, A. Nespola, A. L. Teixeira, and A. N. Pinto, “Fully blind linear and nonlinear equalization for 100G PM-64QAM optical systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1265–1274 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. Slavík, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, M. Westlund, M. Sköld, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Coherent all-optical phase and amplitude regenerator of binary phase-encoded signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 859–869 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J. P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J. M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(19), 191105 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  12. C. Lacava, M. A. Ettabib, I. Cristiani, J. M. Fedeli, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Ultra-Compact Amorphous Silicon Waveguide for Wavelength Conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 410–413 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Ettabib, K. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “All-optical Phase Regeneration with Record PSA Extinction Ratio in a Low-birefringence Silicon Germanium Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(17), 3993–3998 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  14. F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, K. Dalgaard, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, M. Galili, K. Petermann, and C. Peucheret, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals in a silicon waveguide with reverse-biased p-i-n junction,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5029–5036 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical properties of silicon germanium waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16690–16701 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, and P. Petropoulos, “Towards nonlinear conversion from mid- to near-infrared wavelengths using Silicon Germanium waveguides,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9667–9674 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. M. A. Ettabib, L. Xu, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, M. Belal, E. Lorent, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. P. Shepherd, J. H. V. Price, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Broadband telecom to mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a dispersion-engineered silicon germanium waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 4118–4121 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lacava, M. A. Ettabib, I. Cristiani, J. M. Fedeli, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Ultra-Compact Amorphous Silicon Waveguide for Wavelength Conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 410–413 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Ettabib, K. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “All-optical Phase Regeneration with Record PSA Extinction Ratio in a Low-birefringence Silicon Germanium Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(17), 3993–3998 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (4)

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, and K. Ishihara, “Nonlinear tolerant spectrally-efficient transmission using PDM 64-QAM single carrier FDM with digital pilot-tone,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(24), 3805–3815 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, M. Westlund, M. Sköld, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Coherent all-optical phase and amplitude regenerator of binary phase-encoded signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 859–869 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J. P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J. M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(19), 191105 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

D. J. Richardson, “Applied physics. Filling the light pipe,” Science 330(6002), 327–328 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

Adams, R.

Amado, S. B.

Baets, R.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
[Crossref]

Belal, M.

Biaggio, I.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bogaerts, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bogris, A.

M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Ettabib, K. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “All-optical Phase Regeneration with Record PSA Extinction Ratio in a Low-birefringence Silicon Germanium Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(17), 3993–3998 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ettabib, L. Xu, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, M. Belal, E. Lorent, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. P. Shepherd, J. H. V. Price, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Broadband telecom to mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a dispersion-engineered silicon germanium waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 4118–4121 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, and P. Petropoulos, “Towards nonlinear conversion from mid- to near-infrared wavelengths using Silicon Germanium waveguides,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9667–9674 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical properties of silicon germanium waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16690–16701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, M. Westlund, M. Sköld, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Coherent all-optical phase and amplitude regenerator of binary phase-encoded signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 859–869 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bosco, G.

Bottrill, K.

M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Ettabib, K. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “All-optical Phase Regeneration with Record PSA Extinction Ratio in a Low-birefringence Silicon Germanium Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(17), 3993–3998 (2016).
[Crossref]

Brun, M.

Carena, A.

Chagnon, M.

Chen, L. R.

Colonna, J. P.

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J. P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J. M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(19), 191105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cristiani, I.

C. Lacava, M. A. Ettabib, I. Cristiani, J. M. Fedeli, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Ultra-Compact Amorphous Silicon Waveguide for Wavelength Conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 410–413 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J. P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J. M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(19), 191105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Da Ros, F.

Dalgaard, K.

Diederich, F.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dinu, M.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dumon, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
[Crossref]

Esembeson, B.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ettabib, M.

Ettabib, M. A.

M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lacava, M. A. Ettabib, I. Cristiani, J. M. Fedeli, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Ultra-Compact Amorphous Silicon Waveguide for Wavelength Conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 410–413 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ettabib, L. Xu, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, M. Belal, E. Lorent, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. P. Shepherd, J. H. V. Price, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Broadband telecom to mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a dispersion-engineered silicon germanium waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 4118–4121 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, and P. Petropoulos, “Towards nonlinear conversion from mid- to near-infrared wavelengths using Silicon Germanium waveguides,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9667–9674 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical properties of silicon germanium waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16690–16701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedeli, J. M.

C. Lacava, M. A. Ettabib, I. Cristiani, J. M. Fedeli, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Ultra-Compact Amorphous Silicon Waveguide for Wavelength Conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 410–413 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J. P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J. M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(19), 191105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Freude, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gajda, A.

Galili, M.

Garcia, H.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gautier, P.

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J. P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J. M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(19), 191105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, M. Westlund, M. Sköld, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Coherent all-optical phase and amplitude regenerator of binary phase-encoded signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 859–869 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gui, C.

Guiomar, F. P.

Hammani, K.

M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Ettabib, K. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “All-optical Phase Regeneration with Record PSA Extinction Ratio in a Low-birefringence Silicon Germanium Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(17), 3993–3998 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ettabib, L. Xu, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, M. Belal, E. Lorent, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. P. Shepherd, J. H. V. Price, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Broadband telecom to mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a dispersion-engineered silicon germanium waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 4118–4121 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, and P. Petropoulos, “Towards nonlinear conversion from mid- to near-infrared wavelengths using Silicon Germanium waveguides,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9667–9674 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical properties of silicon germanium waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16690–16701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, X.

Ishihara, K.

Kakande, J.

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, M. Westlund, M. Sköld, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Coherent all-optical phase and amplitude regenerator of binary phase-encoded signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 859–869 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kapsalis, A.

M. Ettabib, K. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “All-optical Phase Regeneration with Record PSA Extinction Ratio in a Low-birefringence Silicon Germanium Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(17), 3993–3998 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ettabib, L. Xu, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, M. Belal, E. Lorent, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. P. Shepherd, J. H. V. Price, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Broadband telecom to mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a dispersion-engineered silicon germanium waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 4118–4121 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, and P. Petropoulos, “Towards nonlinear conversion from mid- to near-infrared wavelengths using Silicon Germanium waveguides,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9667–9674 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical properties of silicon germanium waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16690–16701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, T.

Koos, C.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
[Crossref]

Labeye, P.

M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Ettabib, K. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “All-optical Phase Regeneration with Record PSA Extinction Ratio in a Low-birefringence Silicon Germanium Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(17), 3993–3998 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ettabib, L. Xu, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, M. Belal, E. Lorent, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. P. Shepherd, J. H. V. Price, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Broadband telecom to mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a dispersion-engineered silicon germanium waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 4118–4121 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, and P. Petropoulos, “Towards nonlinear conversion from mid- to near-infrared wavelengths using Silicon Germanium waveguides,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9667–9674 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical properties of silicon germanium waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16690–16701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lacava, C.

C. Lacava, M. A. Ettabib, I. Cristiani, J. M. Fedeli, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Ultra-Compact Amorphous Silicon Waveguide for Wavelength Conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 410–413 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J. P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J. M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(19), 191105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Leuthold, J.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Li, J.

Liu, J.

Long, Y.

Lorent, E.

Malekiha, M.

Matsuura, A.

Michinobu, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
[Crossref]

Minzioni, P.

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J. P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J. M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(19), 191105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, Y.

Nespola, A.

Nicoletti, S.

M. Ettabib, K. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “All-optical Phase Regeneration with Record PSA Extinction Ratio in a Low-birefringence Silicon Germanium Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(17), 3993–3998 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ettabib, L. Xu, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, M. Belal, E. Lorent, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. P. Shepherd, J. H. V. Price, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Broadband telecom to mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a dispersion-engineered silicon germanium waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 4118–4121 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, and P. Petropoulos, “Towards nonlinear conversion from mid- to near-infrared wavelengths using Silicon Germanium waveguides,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9667–9674 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical properties of silicon germanium waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16690–16701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parmigiani, F.

M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Ettabib, K. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “All-optical Phase Regeneration with Record PSA Extinction Ratio in a Low-birefringence Silicon Germanium Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(17), 3993–3998 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, M. Westlund, M. Sköld, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Coherent all-optical phase and amplitude regenerator of binary phase-encoded signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 859–869 (2012).
[Crossref]

Petermann, K.

Petropoulos, P.

M. Ettabib, K. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “All-optical Phase Regeneration with Record PSA Extinction Ratio in a Low-birefringence Silicon Germanium Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(17), 3993–3998 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lacava, M. A. Ettabib, I. Cristiani, J. M. Fedeli, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Ultra-Compact Amorphous Silicon Waveguide for Wavelength Conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 410–413 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ettabib, L. Xu, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, M. Belal, E. Lorent, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. P. Shepherd, J. H. V. Price, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Broadband telecom to mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a dispersion-engineered silicon germanium waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 4118–4121 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, and P. Petropoulos, “Towards nonlinear conversion from mid- to near-infrared wavelengths using Silicon Germanium waveguides,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9667–9674 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical properties of silicon germanium waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16690–16701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, M. Westlund, M. Sköld, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Coherent all-optical phase and amplitude regenerator of binary phase-encoded signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 859–869 (2012).
[Crossref]

Peucheret, C.

Phelan, R.

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, M. Westlund, M. Sköld, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Coherent all-optical phase and amplitude regenerator of binary phase-encoded signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 859–869 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pinto, A. N.

Plant, D. V.

Price, J. H. V.

Quochi, F.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rancano, V. J. F.

M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Ettabib, K. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “All-optical Phase Regeneration with Record PSA Extinction Ratio in a Low-birefringence Silicon Germanium Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(17), 3993–3998 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lacava, M. A. Ettabib, I. Cristiani, J. M. Fedeli, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Ultra-Compact Amorphous Silicon Waveguide for Wavelength Conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 410–413 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ettabib, L. Xu, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, M. Belal, E. Lorent, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. P. Shepherd, J. H. V. Price, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Broadband telecom to mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a dispersion-engineered silicon germanium waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 4118–4121 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical properties of silicon germanium waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16690–16701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, M. Westlund, M. Sköld, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Coherent all-optical phase and amplitude regenerator of binary phase-encoded signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 859–869 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. J. Richardson, “Applied physics. Filling the light pipe,” Science 330(6002), 327–328 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sano, A.

Shepherd, D. P.

Sköld, M.

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, M. Westlund, M. Sköld, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Coherent all-optical phase and amplitude regenerator of binary phase-encoded signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 859–869 (2012).
[Crossref]

Slavík, R.

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, M. Westlund, M. Sköld, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Coherent all-optical phase and amplitude regenerator of binary phase-encoded signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 859–869 (2012).
[Crossref]

Spasojevic, M.

Syvridis, D.

M. Ettabib, K. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “All-optical Phase Regeneration with Record PSA Extinction Ratio in a Low-birefringence Silicon Germanium Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(17), 3993–3998 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ettabib, L. Xu, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, M. Belal, E. Lorent, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. P. Shepherd, J. H. V. Price, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Broadband telecom to mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a dispersion-engineered silicon germanium waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 4118–4121 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, and P. Petropoulos, “Towards nonlinear conversion from mid- to near-infrared wavelengths using Silicon Germanium waveguides,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9667–9674 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hammani, M. A. Ettabib, A. Bogris, A. Kapsalis, D. Syvridis, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical properties of silicon germanium waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16690–16701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, M. Westlund, M. Sköld, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Coherent all-optical phase and amplitude regenerator of binary phase-encoded signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 859–869 (2012).
[Crossref]

Teixeira, A. L.

Tillack, B.

Trita, A.

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J. P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J. M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(19), 191105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vallaitis, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vorreau, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vukovic, D.

Wang, A.

Wang, J.

Westlund, M.

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, M. Westlund, M. Sköld, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Coherent all-optical phase and amplitude regenerator of binary phase-encoded signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 859–869 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xiao, X.

Xu, L.

Yang, Q.

Yu, S.

Zhang, F.

Zhou, L.

Zhu, Y.

Zimmermann, L.

Zou, K.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J. P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J. M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(19), 191105 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, M. Westlund, M. Sköld, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Coherent all-optical phase and amplitude regenerator of binary phase-encoded signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 859–869 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

M. A. Ettabib, A. Kapsalis, A. Bogris, F. Parmigiani, V. J. F. Rancano, K. Bottrill, M. Brun, P. Labeye, S. Nicoletti, K. Hammani, D. Syvridis, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Polarization Insensitive Wavelength Conversion in a Low-Birefringence SiGe Waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1221–1224 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lacava, M. A. Ettabib, I. Cristiani, J. M. Fedeli, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Ultra-Compact Amorphous Silicon Waveguide for Wavelength Conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 410–413 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Nat. Photonics (1)

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon – organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Science (1)

D. J. Richardson, “Applied physics. Filling the light pipe,” Science 330(6002), 327–328 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A schematic of the device structure (left) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image of the waveguide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Taper realization steps.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The experimental setup of the FWM-based wavelength converter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output optical spectrum of the wavelength converter.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Normalized FWM conversion efficiency (dB) as a function of pump-signal detuning (nm).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER curves and constellation diagrams for the 16-QAM B2B and the idler signals.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

BER curves and constellation diagrams for the 64-QAM B2B and the idler signals.

Metrics