Abstract

We propose a high dynamic range (HDR) liquid crystal display (LCD) with pixel-level local dimming. The device structure consists of a pixelated LCD dimming panel to control the backlight intensity entering the master LCD panel. According to our analysis and test cell experiment, this dual-panel display system possesses exceedingly high contrast ratio (> 1,000,000:1) and high bit-depth (> 14 bits) at merely 5 volts. Meanwhile, to mitigate the Moiré effect induced by the cascaded thin-film transistor (TFT) backplanes, we separate the two LCD panels with a polarization-dependent scattering film. The pros and cons of this HDR display are discussed.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
High dynamic range liquid crystal displays with a mini-LED backlight

Guanjun Tan, Yuge Huang, Ming-Chun Li, Seok-Lyul Lee, and Shin-Tson Wu
Opt. Express 26(13) 16572-16584 (2018)

Achieving 12-bit perceptual quantizer curve with liquid crystal display

Ruidong Zhu, Haiwei Chen, and Shin-Tson Wu
Opt. Express 25(10) 10939-10946 (2017)

Deep-learning-based pixel compensation algorithm for local dimming liquid crystal displays of quantum-dot backlights

Seok-Jeong Song, Young In Kim, Jina Bae, and Hyoungsik Nam
Opt. Express 27(11) 15907-15917 (2019)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Seetzen, W. Heidrich, W. Stuerzlinger, G. Ward, L. Whitehead, M. Trentacoste, A. Ghosh, and A. Vorozcovs, “High dynamic range display systems,” ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 760–768 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. U. Kwon, S. Bang, D. Kang, and J. J. Yoo, “The required attribute of displays for high dynamic range,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 47(1), 884–887 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Daly, T. Kunkel, X. Sun, S. Farrell, and P. Crum, “Viewer preferences for shadow, diffuse, specular, and emissive luminance limits of high dynamic range displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 44(1), 563–566 (2013).
  4. C. H. Oh, H. J. Shin, W. J. Nam, B. C. Ahn, S. Y. Cha, and S. D. Yeo, S.D., “Technological progress and commercialization of OLED TV,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 44(1), 239–242 (2013).
  5. H. Chen, T. H. Ha, J. H. Sung, H. R. Kim, and B. H. Han, “Evaluation of LCD local-dimming-backlight system,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(1), 57–65 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  6. F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, L. Y. Liao, C. Y. Liao, H. P. D. Shieh, T. M. Wang, and S. C. Yeh, “Dynamic backlight gamma on high dynamic range LCD TVs,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 139–146 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  7. K. Nakajima, H. Tsuchi, Y. Hori, T. Nose, H. Furihata, K. Umeda, and J. Ishii, “A 12-bit LCD source driver IC with point-to-point link interface,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 38(1), 1633–1635 (2007).
  8. K. J. Kwon, M. B. Kim, C. Heo, S. G. Kim, J. S. Baek, and Y. H. Kim, “Wide color gamut and high dynamic range displays using RGBW LCDs,” Displays 40, 9–16 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  9. D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Raskar, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. Kitagawa, H. Ikeno, S. Uehara, and T. Yatsushiro, “Dual panel liquid crystal display device,” U.S. Patent 7,916,223 (March 29, 2011).
  11. D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(6), 186 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  12. F. C. Huang, K. Chen, and G. Wetzstein, “The light field stereoscope: immersive computer graphics via factored near-eye light field displays with focus cues,” ACM Trans. Graph. 34(4), 60 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 29(1), 1077–1080 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  16. H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  17. H. Chen, R. Zhu, J. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “A simple method to measure the twist elastic constant of a nematic liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 42(12), 1738–1742 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  18. A. Chao, K. T. Huang, C. W. Tsai, Y. W. Hung, H. F. Cheng, W. Yeh, C. H. Yu, and H. H. Wu, “The fastest response TN-type TFT LCD of the world likes OCB level,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 38(1), 603–606 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  19. H. Chen, Z. Luo, D. Xu, F. Peng, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A fast-response A-film-enhanced fringe field switching liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 537–542 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  20. H. Chen, M. Hu, F. Peng, J. Li, Z. An, and S. T. Wu, “Ultra-low viscosity liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 655–660 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  21. F. Peng, H. Chen, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical equation for the motion picture response time of display devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(2), 023108 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  22. H. Chen, F. Peng, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, and S. T. Wu, “Nematic LCD with motion picture response time comparable to organic LEDs,” Optica 3(9), 1033–1034 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  23. E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. R. Zhu, Z. Luo, H. Chen, Y. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Realizing Rec. 2020 color gamut with quantum dot displays,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23680–23693 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. H. Chen, J. He, and S. T. Wu, “Recent Advances on Quantum-Dot-Enhanced Liquid Crystal Displays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. In press (2017).
  26. G. Guarnieri, L. Albani, and G. Ramponi, “Minimum-error splitting algorithm for a dual layer LCD display—Part I: Background and theory,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(4), 383–390 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  27. G. Guarnieri, L. Albani, and G. Ramponi, “Minimum-error splitting algorithm for a dual layer LCD display—Part II: Implementation and results,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(4), 391–397 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  28. A. Moheghi, H. Nemati, and D. K. Yang, “Polarizing light waveguide plate from polymer stabilized liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(5), 1217–1223 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  29. A. Moheghi, G. Qin, and D. K. Yang, “Stable polarizing light waveguide plate for edgelit liquid crystal displays,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(2), 429–435 (2016).
    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

F. Peng, H. Chen, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical equation for the motion picture response time of display devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(2), 023108 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

2015 (7)

H. Chen, R. Zhu, J. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “A simple method to measure the twist elastic constant of a nematic liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 42(12), 1738–1742 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, Z. Luo, D. Xu, F. Peng, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A fast-response A-film-enhanced fringe field switching liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 537–542 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, M. Hu, F. Peng, J. Li, Z. An, and S. T. Wu, “Ultra-low viscosity liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 655–660 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Moheghi, H. Nemati, and D. K. Yang, “Polarizing light waveguide plate from polymer stabilized liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(5), 1217–1223 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Zhu, Z. Luo, H. Chen, Y. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Realizing Rec. 2020 color gamut with quantum dot displays,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23680–23693 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Kwon, M. B. Kim, C. Heo, S. G. Kim, J. S. Baek, and Y. H. Kim, “Wide color gamut and high dynamic range displays using RGBW LCDs,” Displays 40, 9–16 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. C. Huang, K. Chen, and G. Wetzstein, “The light field stereoscope: immersive computer graphics via factored near-eye light field displays with focus cues,” ACM Trans. Graph. 34(4), 60 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2011 (1)

D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(6), 186 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Raskar, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, T. H. Ha, J. H. Sung, H. R. Kim, and B. H. Han, “Evaluation of LCD local-dimming-backlight system,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(1), 57–65 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

G. Guarnieri, L. Albani, and G. Ramponi, “Minimum-error splitting algorithm for a dual layer LCD display—Part I: Background and theory,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(4), 383–390 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Guarnieri, L. Albani, and G. Ramponi, “Minimum-error splitting algorithm for a dual layer LCD display—Part II: Implementation and results,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(4), 391–397 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, L. Y. Liao, C. Y. Liao, H. P. D. Shieh, T. M. Wang, and S. C. Yeh, “Dynamic backlight gamma on high dynamic range LCD TVs,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 139–146 (2008).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

H. Seetzen, W. Heidrich, W. Stuerzlinger, G. Ward, L. Whitehead, M. Trentacoste, A. Ghosh, and A. Vorozcovs, “High dynamic range display systems,” ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 760–768 (2004).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
[Crossref]

Albani, L.

G. Guarnieri, L. Albani, and G. Ramponi, “Minimum-error splitting algorithm for a dual layer LCD display—Part I: Background and theory,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(4), 383–390 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Guarnieri, L. Albani, and G. Ramponi, “Minimum-error splitting algorithm for a dual layer LCD display—Part II: Implementation and results,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(4), 391–397 (2008).
[Crossref]

An, Z.

Baek, J. S.

K. J. Kwon, M. B. Kim, C. Heo, S. G. Kim, J. S. Baek, and Y. H. Kim, “Wide color gamut and high dynamic range displays using RGBW LCDs,” Displays 40, 9–16 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

F. Peng, H. Chen, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical equation for the motion picture response time of display devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(2), 023108 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, and S. T. Wu, “Nematic LCD with motion picture response time comparable to organic LEDs,” Optica 3(9), 1033–1034 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Zhu, Z. Luo, H. Chen, Y. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Realizing Rec. 2020 color gamut with quantum dot displays,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23680–23693 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, M. Hu, F. Peng, J. Li, Z. An, and S. T. Wu, “Ultra-low viscosity liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 655–660 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, R. Zhu, J. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “A simple method to measure the twist elastic constant of a nematic liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 42(12), 1738–1742 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, Z. Luo, D. Xu, F. Peng, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A fast-response A-film-enhanced fringe field switching liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 537–542 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, T. H. Ha, J. H. Sung, H. R. Kim, and B. H. Han, “Evaluation of LCD local-dimming-backlight system,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(1), 57–65 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, J. He, and S. T. Wu, “Recent Advances on Quantum-Dot-Enhanced Liquid Crystal Displays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. In press (2017).

Chen, K.

F. C. Huang, K. Chen, and G. Wetzstein, “The light field stereoscope: immersive computer graphics via factored near-eye light field displays with focus cues,” ACM Trans. Graph. 34(4), 60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dong, Y.

Ghosh, A.

H. Seetzen, W. Heidrich, W. Stuerzlinger, G. Ward, L. Whitehead, M. Trentacoste, A. Ghosh, and A. Vorozcovs, “High dynamic range display systems,” ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 760–768 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gou, F.

F. Peng, H. Chen, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical equation for the motion picture response time of display devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(2), 023108 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, and S. T. Wu, “Nematic LCD with motion picture response time comparable to organic LEDs,” Optica 3(9), 1033–1034 (2016).
[Crossref]

Guarnieri, G.

G. Guarnieri, L. Albani, and G. Ramponi, “Minimum-error splitting algorithm for a dual layer LCD display—Part I: Background and theory,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(4), 383–390 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Guarnieri, L. Albani, and G. Ramponi, “Minimum-error splitting algorithm for a dual layer LCD display—Part II: Implementation and results,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(4), 391–397 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ha, T. H.

H. Chen, T. H. Ha, J. H. Sung, H. R. Kim, and B. H. Han, “Evaluation of LCD local-dimming-backlight system,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(1), 57–65 (2010).
[Crossref]

Han, B. H.

H. Chen, T. H. Ha, J. H. Sung, H. R. Kim, and B. H. Han, “Evaluation of LCD local-dimming-backlight system,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(1), 57–65 (2010).
[Crossref]

He, J.

H. Chen, J. He, and S. T. Wu, “Recent Advances on Quantum-Dot-Enhanced Liquid Crystal Displays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. In press (2017).

Heidrich, W.

D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(6), 186 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Seetzen, W. Heidrich, W. Stuerzlinger, G. Ward, L. Whitehead, M. Trentacoste, A. Ghosh, and A. Vorozcovs, “High dynamic range display systems,” ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 760–768 (2004).
[Crossref]

Helfrich, W.

M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
[Crossref]

Heo, C.

K. J. Kwon, M. B. Kim, C. Heo, S. G. Kim, J. S. Baek, and Y. H. Kim, “Wide color gamut and high dynamic range displays using RGBW LCDs,” Displays 40, 9–16 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hirsch, M.

D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(6), 186 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Raskar, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hu, M.

Huang, F. C.

F. C. Huang, K. Chen, and G. Wetzstein, “The light field stereoscope: immersive computer graphics via factored near-eye light field displays with focus cues,” ACM Trans. Graph. 34(4), 60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. P.

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, L. Y. Liao, C. Y. Liao, H. P. D. Shieh, T. M. Wang, and S. C. Yeh, “Dynamic backlight gamma on high dynamic range LCD TVs,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 139–146 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jang, E.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, H.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jun, S.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, B.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H. R.

H. Chen, T. H. Ha, J. H. Sung, H. R. Kim, and B. H. Han, “Evaluation of LCD local-dimming-backlight system,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(1), 57–65 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. Y.

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kim, M. B.

K. J. Kwon, M. B. Kim, C. Heo, S. G. Kim, J. S. Baek, and Y. H. Kim, “Wide color gamut and high dynamic range displays using RGBW LCDs,” Displays 40, 9–16 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. G.

K. J. Kwon, M. B. Kim, C. Heo, S. G. Kim, J. S. Baek, and Y. H. Kim, “Wide color gamut and high dynamic range displays using RGBW LCDs,” Displays 40, 9–16 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Raskar, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y. H.

K. J. Kwon, M. B. Kim, C. Heo, S. G. Kim, J. S. Baek, and Y. H. Kim, “Wide color gamut and high dynamic range displays using RGBW LCDs,” Displays 40, 9–16 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kwon, K. J.

K. J. Kwon, M. B. Kim, C. Heo, S. G. Kim, J. S. Baek, and Y. H. Kim, “Wide color gamut and high dynamic range displays using RGBW LCDs,” Displays 40, 9–16 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lanman, D.

D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(6), 186 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Raskar, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. L.

F. Peng, H. Chen, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical equation for the motion picture response time of display devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(2), 023108 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, Z. Luo, D. Xu, F. Peng, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A fast-response A-film-enhanced fringe field switching liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 537–542 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y. H.

F. Peng, H. Chen, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical equation for the motion picture response time of display devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(2), 023108 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, and S. T. Wu, “Nematic LCD with motion picture response time comparable to organic LEDs,” Optica 3(9), 1033–1034 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Li, M. C.

F. Peng, H. Chen, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical equation for the motion picture response time of display devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(2), 023108 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, Z. Luo, D. Xu, F. Peng, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A fast-response A-film-enhanced fringe field switching liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 537–542 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liao, C. Y.

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, L. Y. Liao, C. Y. Liao, H. P. D. Shieh, T. M. Wang, and S. C. Yeh, “Dynamic backlight gamma on high dynamic range LCD TVs,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 139–146 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liao, L. Y.

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, L. Y. Liao, C. Y. Liao, H. P. D. Shieh, T. M. Wang, and S. C. Yeh, “Dynamic backlight gamma on high dynamic range LCD TVs,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 139–146 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lim, J.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, F. C.

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, L. Y. Liao, C. Y. Liao, H. P. D. Shieh, T. M. Wang, and S. C. Yeh, “Dynamic backlight gamma on high dynamic range LCD TVs,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 139–146 (2008).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z.

Moheghi, A.

Nemati, H.

Peng, F.

F. Peng, H. Chen, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical equation for the motion picture response time of display devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(2), 023108 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, and S. T. Wu, “Nematic LCD with motion picture response time comparable to organic LEDs,” Optica 3(9), 1033–1034 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, M. Hu, F. Peng, J. Li, Z. An, and S. T. Wu, “Ultra-low viscosity liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 655–660 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, Z. Luo, D. Xu, F. Peng, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A fast-response A-film-enhanced fringe field switching liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 537–542 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qin, G.

Ramponi, G.

G. Guarnieri, L. Albani, and G. Ramponi, “Minimum-error splitting algorithm for a dual layer LCD display—Part I: Background and theory,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(4), 383–390 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Guarnieri, L. Albani, and G. Ramponi, “Minimum-error splitting algorithm for a dual layer LCD display—Part II: Implementation and results,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(4), 391–397 (2008).
[Crossref]

Raskar, R.

D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(6), 186 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Raskar, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schadt, M.

M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
[Crossref]

Seetzen, H.

H. Seetzen, W. Heidrich, W. Stuerzlinger, G. Ward, L. Whitehead, M. Trentacoste, A. Ghosh, and A. Vorozcovs, “High dynamic range display systems,” ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 760–768 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shieh, H. P. D.

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, L. Y. Liao, C. Y. Liao, H. P. D. Shieh, T. M. Wang, and S. C. Yeh, “Dynamic backlight gamma on high dynamic range LCD TVs,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 139–146 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stuerzlinger, W.

H. Seetzen, W. Heidrich, W. Stuerzlinger, G. Ward, L. Whitehead, M. Trentacoste, A. Ghosh, and A. Vorozcovs, “High dynamic range display systems,” ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 760–768 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sung, J. H.

H. Chen, T. H. Ha, J. H. Sung, H. R. Kim, and B. H. Han, “Evaluation of LCD local-dimming-backlight system,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(1), 57–65 (2010).
[Crossref]

Trentacoste, M.

H. Seetzen, W. Heidrich, W. Stuerzlinger, G. Ward, L. Whitehead, M. Trentacoste, A. Ghosh, and A. Vorozcovs, “High dynamic range display systems,” ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 760–768 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tsai, W. C.

H. Chen, Z. Luo, D. Xu, F. Peng, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A fast-response A-film-enhanced fringe field switching liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 537–542 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vorozcovs, A.

H. Seetzen, W. Heidrich, W. Stuerzlinger, G. Ward, L. Whitehead, M. Trentacoste, A. Ghosh, and A. Vorozcovs, “High dynamic range display systems,” ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 760–768 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wand, M.

F. Peng, H. Chen, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical equation for the motion picture response time of display devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(2), 023108 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, and S. T. Wu, “Nematic LCD with motion picture response time comparable to organic LEDs,” Optica 3(9), 1033–1034 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, T. M.

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, L. Y. Liao, C. Y. Liao, H. P. D. Shieh, T. M. Wang, and S. C. Yeh, “Dynamic backlight gamma on high dynamic range LCD TVs,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 139–146 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ward, G.

H. Seetzen, W. Heidrich, W. Stuerzlinger, G. Ward, L. Whitehead, M. Trentacoste, A. Ghosh, and A. Vorozcovs, “High dynamic range display systems,” ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 760–768 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wetzstein, G.

F. C. Huang, K. Chen, and G. Wetzstein, “The light field stereoscope: immersive computer graphics via factored near-eye light field displays with focus cues,” ACM Trans. Graph. 34(4), 60 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(6), 186 (2011).
[Crossref]

Whitehead, L.

H. Seetzen, W. Heidrich, W. Stuerzlinger, G. Ward, L. Whitehead, M. Trentacoste, A. Ghosh, and A. Vorozcovs, “High dynamic range display systems,” ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 760–768 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

F. Peng, H. Chen, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical equation for the motion picture response time of display devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(2), 023108 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, and S. T. Wu, “Nematic LCD with motion picture response time comparable to organic LEDs,” Optica 3(9), 1033–1034 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Zhu, Z. Luo, H. Chen, Y. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Realizing Rec. 2020 color gamut with quantum dot displays,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23680–23693 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, M. Hu, F. Peng, J. Li, Z. An, and S. T. Wu, “Ultra-low viscosity liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 655–660 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, Z. Luo, D. Xu, F. Peng, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A fast-response A-film-enhanced fringe field switching liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 537–542 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, R. Zhu, J. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “A simple method to measure the twist elastic constant of a nematic liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 42(12), 1738–1742 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, J. He, and S. T. Wu, “Recent Advances on Quantum-Dot-Enhanced Liquid Crystal Displays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. In press (2017).

Xu, D.

H. Chen, Z. Luo, D. Xu, F. Peng, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A fast-response A-film-enhanced fringe field switching liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 537–542 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, D. K.

Yeh, S. C.

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, L. Y. Liao, C. Y. Liao, H. P. D. Shieh, T. M. Wang, and S. C. Yeh, “Dynamic backlight gamma on high dynamic range LCD TVs,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 139–146 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J.

H. Chen, R. Zhu, J. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “A simple method to measure the twist elastic constant of a nematic liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 42(12), 1738–1742 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, R.

H. Chen, R. Zhu, J. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “A simple method to measure the twist elastic constant of a nematic liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 42(12), 1738–1742 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Zhu, Z. Luo, H. Chen, Y. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Realizing Rec. 2020 color gamut with quantum dot displays,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23680–23693 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACM Trans. Graph. (4)

H. Seetzen, W. Heidrich, W. Stuerzlinger, G. Ward, L. Whitehead, M. Trentacoste, A. Ghosh, and A. Vorozcovs, “High dynamic range display systems,” ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 760–768 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(6), 186 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. C. Huang, K. Chen, and G. Wetzstein, “The light field stereoscope: immersive computer graphics via factored near-eye light field displays with focus cues,” ACM Trans. Graph. 34(4), 60 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Raskar, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
[Crossref]

Displays (1)

K. J. Kwon, M. B. Kim, C. Heo, S. G. Kim, J. S. Baek, and Y. H. Kim, “Wide color gamut and high dynamic range displays using RGBW LCDs,” Displays 40, 9–16 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Peng, H. Chen, F. Gou, Y. H. Lee, M. Wand, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical equation for the motion picture response time of display devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(2), 023108 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Disp. Technol. (3)

G. Guarnieri, L. Albani, and G. Ramponi, “Minimum-error splitting algorithm for a dual layer LCD display—Part I: Background and theory,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(4), 383–390 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Guarnieri, L. Albani, and G. Ramponi, “Minimum-error splitting algorithm for a dual layer LCD display—Part II: Implementation and results,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(4), 391–397 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, L. Y. Liao, C. Y. Liao, H. P. D. Shieh, T. M. Wang, and S. C. Yeh, “Dynamic backlight gamma on high dynamic range LCD TVs,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 139–146 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

H. Chen, T. H. Ha, J. H. Sung, H. R. Kim, and B. H. Han, “Evaluation of LCD local-dimming-backlight system,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(1), 57–65 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liq. Cryst. (2)

H. Chen, R. Zhu, J. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “A simple method to measure the twist elastic constant of a nematic liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 42(12), 1738–1742 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, Z. Luo, D. Xu, F. Peng, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A fast-response A-film-enhanced fringe field switching liquid crystal display,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 537–542 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (4)

Optica (1)

Other (8)

H. Chen, J. He, and S. T. Wu, “Recent Advances on Quantum-Dot-Enhanced Liquid Crystal Displays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. In press (2017).

A. Chao, K. T. Huang, C. W. Tsai, Y. W. Hung, H. F. Cheng, W. Yeh, C. H. Yu, and H. H. Wu, “The fastest response TN-type TFT LCD of the world likes OCB level,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 38(1), 603–606 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Kitagawa, H. Ikeno, S. Uehara, and T. Yatsushiro, “Dual panel liquid crystal display device,” U.S. Patent 7,916,223 (March 29, 2011).

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 29(1), 1077–1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

K. Nakajima, H. Tsuchi, Y. Hori, T. Nose, H. Furihata, K. Umeda, and J. Ishii, “A 12-bit LCD source driver IC with point-to-point link interface,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 38(1), 1633–1635 (2007).

J. U. Kwon, S. Bang, D. Kang, and J. J. Yoo, “The required attribute of displays for high dynamic range,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 47(1), 884–887 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Daly, T. Kunkel, X. Sun, S. Farrell, and P. Crum, “Viewer preferences for shadow, diffuse, specular, and emissive luminance limits of high dynamic range displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 44(1), 563–566 (2013).

C. H. Oh, H. J. Shin, W. J. Nam, B. C. Ahn, S. Y. Cha, and S. D. Yeo, S.D., “Technological progress and commercialization of OLED TV,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 44(1), 239–242 (2013).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the proposed structure with dual LCD panels.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Measured VT curves for TN and FFS test cells. LC: MLC-6686 with Δε = 10. FFS cell: d = 3.5 µm, electrode width ω = 4 µm, and electrode gap l = 3 µm. λ = 633 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Measured response time for (a) single FFS cell, (b) single TN cell, and (c) combined FFS + TN cell.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Measured VT curves of FFS/TN when the TN cell is at 4 specified transmittance.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Calculated isocontrast contour for (a) single TN panel and (b) single FFS panel.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Simulated isocontrast contour for the cascaded FFS and TN panels.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Schematic diagram for the proposed structure using a PDSF to replace Analyzer-1.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Schematic diagrams for the PDSF fabrications. Step 1: homogeneous state before polymerization; Step 2: polymerization without applied voltage; Step 3: polymerization with applied voltage. (b) Scattering state for x-polarized incident light. (c) Transmission state for y-polarized incident light.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Experimental setup for characterizing PDSF.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Measured transmittance of PSDF at different polarization angles. λ = 633nm.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Measured transmission and scattering spectra of the PDSF.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Measured VT curve for PDSF with a TN cell.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Possible gray levels for two cascaded 8-bit LCD panels.

Metrics