Abstract

We present serial-parallel conversion for a heralded single photon source (heralded SPS). We theoretically show that with the heralding signal, the serial-parallel converter can route a stream of n photons to n different spatial modes more efficiently than is the case without using a heralding signal. We also experimentally demonstrate serial-parallel conversion for two photons generated from a heralded SPS. We achieve a conversion efficiency of 0.533 ± 0.003, which exceeds the maximum achievable efficiency of 0.5 for serial-parallel conversion using unheralded photons, and is double the efficiency (0.25) for that using beamsplitters. When the losses in the optical converter are corrected for, the efficiency of the current set up can be increased up to 0.996 ± 0.00.

© 2017 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]

2017 (3)

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson Sampling with Single-Photon Fock States from a Bright Solid-State Source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahao, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single-photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, Y. He, Y. -H. Li, Z. -E. Su, B. Li, H. -L. Huang, X. Ding, M. -C. Chen, C. Liu, J. Qin, J. -P. Li, Y. -M. He, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, C. -Z. Peng, S. Hofling, C. -Y. Lu, and J. -W. Pan, “High-efficiency multiphoton boson sampling,”Nat. Photon. 11, 361–365(2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (6)

X. -L. Wang, L. -K. Chen, W. Li, H.-L. Huang, C. Liu, C. Chen, Y.-H. Luo, Z.-E. Su, D. Wu, Z.-D. Li, H. Lu, Y. Hu, X. Jiang, C.-Z. Peng, L. Li, N.-L. Liu, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental Ten-Photon Entanglement,” Phys. Lev. Lett. 117, 210502 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D. -Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Comm. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Kiyohara, R. Okamoto, and S. Takeuchi, “Realization of multiplexing of heralded single photon sources using photon number resolving detectors,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27288–27297 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. D. Santis, J. C. Loredo, M. P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, S. L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Anton, J. Demory, C. Gomez, I. Sagnes, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaitre, A. Auffeves, A. G. White, L. Lanco, and P. Senellart, “Near-optimal single-photon sources in the solid state,” Nat. Photon. 10, 340–345 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Ding, Y. He, Z. C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M. C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “On-demand single photons with high extraction efficiency and near-unity indistinguishability from a resonantly driven quantum dot in a micropillar,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. J. Mendoza, R. Santagati, J. Munns, E. Hemsley, M. Piekarek, E. Martin-Lopez, G. D. Marshall, D. Bonneau, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, “Active temporal and spatial multiplexing of photon,” Optica 3(2), 127–132 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

F. Kaneda, B. G. Christensen, J. J. Wong, H. S. Park, K. T. McCusker, and P. G. Kwiat, “Time-multiplexed heralded single-photon source,” Optica 2(12), 1010–1013 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, Y.-F. Huang, Z. Wang, B.-H. Liu, C.-F. Li, and G.-C. Guo, “Experimental Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger-Type Six-Photon Quantum Nonlocality,” Phys Rev. Lett. 115, 260402 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

M. J. Collons, C. Xoing, I. H. Rey, T. D. Vo, J. He, S. Shahnia, C. Reardon, T. F. Krauss, M. J. Steel, A. S. Clark, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated spatial multiplexing of heralded single-photon sources,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2582 (2013).

2012 (3)

A. Aspuru-guzik and P. Walther, “Photonic quantum simulators,” Nat. Phys. 8, 285–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Tanida, R. Okamoto, and S. Takeuchi, “Highly indistinguishable heralded single-photon sources using parametric down conversion,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15275–15285 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. -W Pan, Z. -B. Chen, C. -Y. Lu, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, and M. Zukowski, “Multiphoton entanglement and interferometry,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(2), 777–838 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

X. S. Ma, S. Zotter, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger,“Experimental generation of single photons via active multiplexing,” Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 043814 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lutkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

H. J. Kimble, “Quantum internet,” Nature 453, 1023–1030 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, “A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics,” Nature 409, 46–52 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Takeuchi, “Beamlike twin-photon generation by use of type II parametric downconversion,” Opt. Lett. 26, 843 (2001).
[Crossref]

Abrahao, R. A.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahao, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single-photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Almeida, M. P.

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson Sampling with Single-Photon Fock States from a Bright Solid-State Source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahao, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single-photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. D. Santis, J. C. Loredo, M. P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, S. L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Anton, J. Demory, C. Gomez, I. Sagnes, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaitre, A. Auffeves, A. G. White, L. Lanco, and P. Senellart, “Near-optimal single-photon sources in the solid state,” Nat. Photon. 10, 340–345 (2016).
[Crossref]

Anton, C.

N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. D. Santis, J. C. Loredo, M. P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, S. L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Anton, J. Demory, C. Gomez, I. Sagnes, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaitre, A. Auffeves, A. G. White, L. Lanco, and P. Senellart, “Near-optimal single-photon sources in the solid state,” Nat. Photon. 10, 340–345 (2016).
[Crossref]

Aspuru-guzik, A.

A. Aspuru-guzik and P. Walther, “Photonic quantum simulators,” Nat. Phys. 8, 285–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Auffeves, A.

N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. D. Santis, J. C. Loredo, M. P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, S. L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Anton, J. Demory, C. Gomez, I. Sagnes, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaitre, A. Auffeves, A. G. White, L. Lanco, and P. Senellart, “Near-optimal single-photon sources in the solid state,” Nat. Photon. 10, 340–345 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bechmann-Pasquinucci, H.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lutkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bonneau, D.

Broome, M. A.

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson Sampling with Single-Photon Fock States from a Bright Solid-State Source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cerf, N. J.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lutkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chae, C. J.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D. -Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Comm. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.

X. -L. Wang, L. -K. Chen, W. Li, H.-L. Huang, C. Liu, C. Chen, Y.-H. Luo, Z.-E. Su, D. Wu, Z.-D. Li, H. Lu, Y. Hu, X. Jiang, C.-Z. Peng, L. Li, N.-L. Liu, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental Ten-Photon Entanglement,” Phys. Lev. Lett. 117, 210502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. -K.

X. -L. Wang, L. -K. Chen, W. Li, H.-L. Huang, C. Liu, C. Chen, Y.-H. Luo, Z.-E. Su, D. Wu, Z.-D. Li, H. Lu, Y. Hu, X. Jiang, C.-Z. Peng, L. Li, N.-L. Liu, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental Ten-Photon Entanglement,” Phys. Lev. Lett. 117, 210502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, M. C.

X. Ding, Y. He, Z. C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M. C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “On-demand single photons with high extraction efficiency and near-unity indistinguishability from a resonantly driven quantum dot in a micropillar,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, M. -C.

H. Wang, Y. He, Y. -H. Li, Z. -E. Su, B. Li, H. -L. Huang, X. Ding, M. -C. Chen, C. Liu, J. Qin, J. -P. Li, Y. -M. He, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, C. -Z. Peng, S. Hofling, C. -Y. Lu, and J. -W. Pan, “High-efficiency multiphoton boson sampling,”Nat. Photon. 11, 361–365(2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.-A.

X. -L. Wang, L. -K. Chen, W. Li, H.-L. Huang, C. Liu, C. Chen, Y.-H. Luo, Z.-E. Su, D. Wu, Z.-D. Li, H. Lu, Y. Hu, X. Jiang, C.-Z. Peng, L. Li, N.-L. Liu, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental Ten-Photon Entanglement,” Phys. Lev. Lett. 117, 210502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z. -B.

J. -W Pan, Z. -B. Chen, C. -Y. Lu, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, and M. Zukowski, “Multiphoton entanglement and interferometry,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(2), 777–838 (2012).
[Crossref]

Choi, D. -Y.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D. -Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Comm. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Christensen, B. G.

Clark, A. S.

M. J. Collons, C. Xoing, I. H. Rey, T. D. Vo, J. He, S. Shahnia, C. Reardon, T. F. Krauss, M. J. Steel, A. S. Clark, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated spatial multiplexing of heralded single-photon sources,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2582 (2013).

Collins, M. J.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D. -Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Comm. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Collons, M. J.

M. J. Collons, C. Xoing, I. H. Rey, T. D. Vo, J. He, S. Shahnia, C. Reardon, T. F. Krauss, M. J. Steel, A. S. Clark, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated spatial multiplexing of heralded single-photon sources,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2582 (2013).

Dao, D. V.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahao, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single-photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Demory, J.

N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. D. Santis, J. C. Loredo, M. P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, S. L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Anton, J. Demory, C. Gomez, I. Sagnes, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaitre, A. Auffeves, A. G. White, L. Lanco, and P. Senellart, “Near-optimal single-photon sources in the solid state,” Nat. Photon. 10, 340–345 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ding, X.

H. Wang, Y. He, Y. -H. Li, Z. -E. Su, B. Li, H. -L. Huang, X. Ding, M. -C. Chen, C. Liu, J. Qin, J. -P. Li, Y. -M. He, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, C. -Z. Peng, S. Hofling, C. -Y. Lu, and J. -W. Pan, “High-efficiency multiphoton boson sampling,”Nat. Photon. 11, 361–365(2017).
[Crossref]

X. Ding, Y. He, Z. C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M. C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “On-demand single photons with high extraction efficiency and near-unity indistinguishability from a resonantly driven quantum dot in a micropillar,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, Z. C.

X. Ding, Y. He, Z. C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M. C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “On-demand single photons with high extraction efficiency and near-unity indistinguishability from a resonantly driven quantum dot in a micropillar,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dusek, M.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lutkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B. J.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D. -Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Comm. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. J. Collons, C. Xoing, I. H. Rey, T. D. Vo, J. He, S. Shahnia, C. Reardon, T. F. Krauss, M. J. Steel, A. S. Clark, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated spatial multiplexing of heralded single-photon sources,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2582 (2013).

Gazzano, O.

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson Sampling with Single-Photon Fock States from a Bright Solid-State Source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giesz, V.

N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. D. Santis, J. C. Loredo, M. P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, S. L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Anton, J. Demory, C. Gomez, I. Sagnes, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaitre, A. Auffeves, A. G. White, L. Lanco, and P. Senellart, “Near-optimal single-photon sources in the solid state,” Nat. Photon. 10, 340–345 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gomez, C.

N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. D. Santis, J. C. Loredo, M. P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, S. L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Anton, J. Demory, C. Gomez, I. Sagnes, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaitre, A. Auffeves, A. G. White, L. Lanco, and P. Senellart, “Near-optimal single-photon sources in the solid state,” Nat. Photon. 10, 340–345 (2016).
[Crossref]

Grange, T.

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, J. -W.

H. Wang, Y. He, Y. -H. Li, Z. -E. Su, B. Li, H. -L. Huang, X. Ding, M. -C. Chen, C. Liu, J. Qin, J. -P. Li, Y. -M. He, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, C. -Z. Peng, S. Hofling, C. -Y. Lu, and J. -W. Pan, “High-efficiency multiphoton boson sampling,”Nat. Photon. 11, 361–365(2017).
[Crossref]

Pan, J.-W.

X. -L. Wang, L. -K. Chen, W. Li, H.-L. Huang, C. Liu, C. Chen, Y.-H. Luo, Z.-E. Su, D. Wu, Z.-D. Li, H. Lu, Y. Hu, X. Jiang, C.-Z. Peng, L. Li, N.-L. Liu, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental Ten-Photon Entanglement,” Phys. Lev. Lett. 117, 210502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Park, H. S.

Peev, M.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lutkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Peng, C. -Z.

H. Wang, Y. He, Y. -H. Li, Z. -E. Su, B. Li, H. -L. Huang, X. Ding, M. -C. Chen, C. Liu, J. Qin, J. -P. Li, Y. -M. He, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, C. -Z. Peng, S. Hofling, C. -Y. Lu, and J. -W. Pan, “High-efficiency multiphoton boson sampling,”Nat. Photon. 11, 361–365(2017).
[Crossref]

Peng, C.-Z.

X. -L. Wang, L. -K. Chen, W. Li, H.-L. Huang, C. Liu, C. Chen, Y.-H. Luo, Z.-E. Su, D. Wu, Z.-D. Li, H. Lu, Y. Hu, X. Jiang, C.-Z. Peng, L. Li, N.-L. Liu, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental Ten-Photon Entanglement,” Phys. Lev. Lett. 117, 210502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phan, H.-P.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahao, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single-photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Piekarek, M.

Portalupi, S. L.

N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. D. Santis, J. C. Loredo, M. P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, S. L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Anton, J. Demory, C. Gomez, I. Sagnes, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaitre, A. Auffeves, A. G. White, L. Lanco, and P. Senellart, “Near-optimal single-photon sources in the solid state,” Nat. Photon. 10, 340–345 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qin, J.

H. Wang, Y. He, Y. -H. Li, Z. -E. Su, B. Li, H. -L. Huang, X. Ding, M. -C. Chen, C. Liu, J. Qin, J. -P. Li, Y. -M. He, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, C. -Z. Peng, S. Hofling, C. -Y. Lu, and J. -W. Pan, “High-efficiency multiphoton boson sampling,”Nat. Photon. 11, 361–365(2017).
[Crossref]

Reardon, C.

M. J. Collons, C. Xoing, I. H. Rey, T. D. Vo, J. He, S. Shahnia, C. Reardon, T. F. Krauss, M. J. Steel, A. S. Clark, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated spatial multiplexing of heralded single-photon sources,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2582 (2013).

Rey, I. H.

M. J. Collons, C. Xoing, I. H. Rey, T. D. Vo, J. He, S. Shahnia, C. Reardon, T. F. Krauss, M. J. Steel, A. S. Clark, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated spatial multiplexing of heralded single-photon sources,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2582 (2013).

Sagnes, I.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahao, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single-photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson Sampling with Single-Photon Fock States from a Bright Solid-State Source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. D. Santis, J. C. Loredo, M. P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, S. L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Anton, J. Demory, C. Gomez, I. Sagnes, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaitre, A. Auffeves, A. G. White, L. Lanco, and P. Senellart, “Near-optimal single-photon sources in the solid state,” Nat. Photon. 10, 340–345 (2016).
[Crossref]

Santagati, R.

Santis, L. D.

N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. D. Santis, J. C. Loredo, M. P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, S. L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Anton, J. Demory, C. Gomez, I. Sagnes, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaitre, A. Auffeves, A. G. White, L. Lanco, and P. Senellart, “Near-optimal single-photon sources in the solid state,” Nat. Photon. 10, 340–345 (2016).
[Crossref]

Scarani, V.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lutkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schneider, C.

H. Wang, Y. He, Y. -H. Li, Z. -E. Su, B. Li, H. -L. Huang, X. Ding, M. -C. Chen, C. Liu, J. Qin, J. -P. Li, Y. -M. He, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, C. -Z. Peng, S. Hofling, C. -Y. Lu, and J. -W. Pan, “High-efficiency multiphoton boson sampling,”Nat. Photon. 11, 361–365(2017).
[Crossref]

X. Ding, Y. He, Z. C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M. C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “On-demand single photons with high extraction efficiency and near-unity indistinguishability from a resonantly driven quantum dot in a micropillar,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senellart, P.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahao, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single-photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson Sampling with Single-Photon Fock States from a Bright Solid-State Source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. D. Santis, J. C. Loredo, M. P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, S. L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Anton, J. Demory, C. Gomez, I. Sagnes, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaitre, A. Auffeves, A. G. White, L. Lanco, and P. Senellart, “Near-optimal single-photon sources in the solid state,” Nat. Photon. 10, 340–345 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shahnia, S.

M. J. Collons, C. Xoing, I. H. Rey, T. D. Vo, J. He, S. Shahnia, C. Reardon, T. F. Krauss, M. J. Steel, A. S. Clark, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated spatial multiplexing of heralded single-photon sources,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2582 (2013).

Somaschi, N.

N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. D. Santis, J. C. Loredo, M. P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, S. L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Anton, J. Demory, C. Gomez, I. Sagnes, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaitre, A. Auffeves, A. G. White, L. Lanco, and P. Senellart, “Near-optimal single-photon sources in the solid state,” Nat. Photon. 10, 340–345 (2016).
[Crossref]

Steel, M. J.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D. -Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Comm. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. J. Collons, C. Xoing, I. H. Rey, T. D. Vo, J. He, S. Shahnia, C. Reardon, T. F. Krauss, M. J. Steel, A. S. Clark, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated spatial multiplexing of heralded single-photon sources,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2582 (2013).

Su, Z. -E.

H. Wang, Y. He, Y. -H. Li, Z. -E. Su, B. Li, H. -L. Huang, X. Ding, M. -C. Chen, C. Liu, J. Qin, J. -P. Li, Y. -M. He, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, C. -Z. Peng, S. Hofling, C. -Y. Lu, and J. -W. Pan, “High-efficiency multiphoton boson sampling,”Nat. Photon. 11, 361–365(2017).
[Crossref]

Su, Z.-E.

X. -L. Wang, L. -K. Chen, W. Li, H.-L. Huang, C. Liu, C. Chen, Y.-H. Luo, Z.-E. Su, D. Wu, Z.-D. Li, H. Lu, Y. Hu, X. Jiang, C.-Z. Peng, L. Li, N.-L. Liu, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental Ten-Photon Entanglement,” Phys. Lev. Lett. 117, 210502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Takeuchi, S.

Tanida, M.

Thompson, M. G.

Unsleber, S.

X. Ding, Y. He, Z. C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M. C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “On-demand single photons with high extraction efficiency and near-unity indistinguishability from a resonantly driven quantum dot in a micropillar,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vo, T. D.

M. J. Collons, C. Xoing, I. H. Rey, T. D. Vo, J. He, S. Shahnia, C. Reardon, T. F. Krauss, M. J. Steel, A. S. Clark, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated spatial multiplexing of heralded single-photon sources,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2582 (2013).

Walther, P.

A. Aspuru-guzik and P. Walther, “Photonic quantum simulators,” Nat. Phys. 8, 285–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, Y. He, Y. -H. Li, Z. -E. Su, B. Li, H. -L. Huang, X. Ding, M. -C. Chen, C. Liu, J. Qin, J. -P. Li, Y. -M. He, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, C. -Z. Peng, S. Hofling, C. -Y. Lu, and J. -W. Pan, “High-efficiency multiphoton boson sampling,”Nat. Photon. 11, 361–365(2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, X. -L.

X. -L. Wang, L. -K. Chen, W. Li, H.-L. Huang, C. Liu, C. Chen, Y.-H. Luo, Z.-E. Su, D. Wu, Z.-D. Li, H. Lu, Y. Hu, X. Jiang, C.-Z. Peng, L. Li, N.-L. Liu, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental Ten-Photon Entanglement,” Phys. Lev. Lett. 117, 210502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

C. Zhang, Y.-F. Huang, Z. Wang, B.-H. Liu, C.-F. Li, and G.-C. Guo, “Experimental Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger-Type Six-Photon Quantum Nonlocality,” Phys Rev. Lett. 115, 260402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Weinfurter, H.

J. -W Pan, Z. -B. Chen, C. -Y. Lu, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, and M. Zukowski, “Multiphoton entanglement and interferometry,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(2), 777–838 (2012).
[Crossref]

White, A G.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahao, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single-photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

White, A. G.

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson Sampling with Single-Photon Fock States from a Bright Solid-State Source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. D. Santis, J. C. Loredo, M. P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, S. L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Anton, J. Demory, C. Gomez, I. Sagnes, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaitre, A. Auffeves, A. G. White, L. Lanco, and P. Senellart, “Near-optimal single-photon sources in the solid state,” Nat. Photon. 10, 340–345 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wong, J. J.

Wu, D.

X. -L. Wang, L. -K. Chen, W. Li, H.-L. Huang, C. Liu, C. Chen, Y.-H. Luo, Z.-E. Su, D. Wu, Z.-D. Li, H. Lu, Y. Hu, X. Jiang, C.-Z. Peng, L. Li, N.-L. Liu, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental Ten-Photon Entanglement,” Phys. Lev. Lett. 117, 210502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xiong, C.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D. -Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Comm. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xoing, C.

M. J. Collons, C. Xoing, I. H. Rey, T. D. Vo, J. He, S. Shahnia, C. Reardon, T. F. Krauss, M. J. Steel, A. S. Clark, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated spatial multiplexing of heralded single-photon sources,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2582 (2013).

Zakaria, N. A.

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahao, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single-photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zeilinger, A.

J. -W Pan, Z. -B. Chen, C. -Y. Lu, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, and M. Zukowski, “Multiphoton entanglement and interferometry,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(2), 777–838 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. S. Ma, S. Zotter, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger,“Experimental generation of single photons via active multiplexing,” Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 043814 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, Y.-F. Huang, Z. Wang, B.-H. Liu, C.-F. Li, and G.-C. Guo, “Experimental Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger-Type Six-Photon Quantum Nonlocality,” Phys Rev. Lett. 115, 260402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D. -Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Comm. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zotter, S.

X. S. Ma, S. Zotter, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger,“Experimental generation of single photons via active multiplexing,” Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 043814 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zukowski, M.

J. -W Pan, Z. -B. Chen, C. -Y. Lu, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, and M. Zukowski, “Multiphoton entanglement and interferometry,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(2), 777–838 (2012).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

F. Lenzini, B. Haylock, J. C. Loredo, R. A. Abrahao, N. A. Zakaria, S. Kasture, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, H.-P. Phan, D. V. Dao, P. Senellart, M. P. Almeida, A G. White, and M. Lobino, “Active demultiplexing of single-photons from a solid-state source,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(3), 1600297 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nat. Comm. (2)

C. Xiong, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. J. Collins, A. Mahendra, L. G. Helt, M. J. Steel, D. -Y. Choi, C. J. Chae, P. H. W Leong, and B. J. Eggleton, “Active temporal multiplexing of indistinguishable heralded single photons,” Nat. Comm. 7, 10853 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. J. Collons, C. Xoing, I. H. Rey, T. D. Vo, J. He, S. Shahnia, C. Reardon, T. F. Krauss, M. J. Steel, A. S. Clark, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated spatial multiplexing of heralded single-photon sources,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2582 (2013).

Nat. Photon. (2)

H. Wang, Y. He, Y. -H. Li, Z. -E. Su, B. Li, H. -L. Huang, X. Ding, M. -C. Chen, C. Liu, J. Qin, J. -P. Li, Y. -M. He, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, C. -Z. Peng, S. Hofling, C. -Y. Lu, and J. -W. Pan, “High-efficiency multiphoton boson sampling,”Nat. Photon. 11, 361–365(2017).
[Crossref]

N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. D. Santis, J. C. Loredo, M. P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, S. L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Anton, J. Demory, C. Gomez, I. Sagnes, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaitre, A. Auffeves, A. G. White, L. Lanco, and P. Senellart, “Near-optimal single-photon sources in the solid state,” Nat. Photon. 10, 340–345 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

A. Aspuru-guzik and P. Walther, “Photonic quantum simulators,” Nat. Phys. 8, 285–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, “A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics,” Nature 409, 46–52 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Kimble, “Quantum internet,” Nature 453, 1023–1030 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optica (2)

Phys Rev. Lett. (1)

C. Zhang, Y.-F. Huang, Z. Wang, B.-H. Liu, C.-F. Li, and G.-C. Guo, “Experimental Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger-Type Six-Photon Quantum Nonlocality,” Phys Rev. Lett. 115, 260402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Lev. Lett. (1)

X. -L. Wang, L. -K. Chen, W. Li, H.-L. Huang, C. Liu, C. Chen, Y.-H. Luo, Z.-E. Su, D. Wu, Z.-D. Li, H. Lu, Y. Hu, X. Jiang, C.-Z. Peng, L. Li, N.-L. Liu, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental Ten-Photon Entanglement,” Phys. Lev. Lett. 117, 210502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

X. S. Ma, S. Zotter, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger,“Experimental generation of single photons via active multiplexing,” Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 043814 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

X. Ding, Y. He, Z. C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M. C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, C. Y. Lu, and J. W. Pan, “On-demand single photons with high extraction efficiency and near-unity indistinguishability from a resonantly driven quantum dot in a micropillar,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Loredo, M. A. Broome, P. Hilaire, O. Gazzano, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaitre, M. P. Almeida, P. Senellart, and A. G. White, “Boson Sampling with Single-Photon Fock States from a Bright Solid-State Source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 130503 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

J. -W Pan, Z. -B. Chen, C. -Y. Lu, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, and M. Zukowski, “Multiphoton entanglement and interferometry,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(2), 777–838 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lutkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

T. Kiyohara, R. Okamoto, and S. Takeuchi, 32th Quantum Information Technology Symposium, Osaka, Japan (2015).

T. Kiyohara, R. Okamoto, and S. Takeuchi, “Two-photon interference using a photon number controlled multiplexed single photon source,” in Meeting Abstracts of the Physical Society of Japan, 17pAC-1 (Physical Society of Japan, 2017).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Scheme of serial–parallel conversion for four photons generated from a heralded single photon source n = 4. A nonlinear crystal is pumped by a pulsed laser and generates photon pairs via the SPDC process. A stream of photons (Red dots) is intendedly routed into different spatial modes by a convertor consisting of the routers and delay lines. The controller generates the n-photon heralding signal and the signal of controlling the routers when a stream of n photons is detected at the heralding arm. Red lines connecting the routers represent the path of photons. The dotted arrows from the controller to the router represent the path of electrical signal.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Heralded SPS and serial–parallel converter. A heralded SPS emits a stream of four photons and the corresponding heralding signals. (b) Unheralded SPS and serial–parallel converter. An unheralded SPS emits a stream of four photons and the clock signal of the pump pulse laser. The clocking is derived from the pump laser. The converter operates according to the interval of a four-clock cycle. The conversion succeeds only when the first clock from the divided line corresponds to the first photon among the four photons.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Theoretical comparison of the efficiencies of serial–parallel conversion using active routers with heralding signals (red line), active routers without heralding signals (blue line) and passive routers (black line). Here an ideal switching efficiency is assumed.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Schematic diagram of experimental setup. BPF: band pass filter, HWP: half wave plate, FC: fiber coupler, 50:50FBS: 50:50 fiber beam splitter, AND: AND gate, PMF: polarization maintaining fiber, AMP: high-voltage pulsed amplifier, PBS: polarizing beam splitter, EOM: electro optics modulator. Optical fiber delay 1 is 65 m long. Optical fiber dealy 2 is 2.5 m long.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Sketch of an optical router. This routes photon 1 into output 1 with routing efficiency η1, and routes photon 2 into output 2 with efficiency η2. (b,c,d) Routing efficiency. (b) Theoretical efficiency for a passive router using a balanced beam splitter. (c) Theoretical efficiency for an active router with heralding signals. (d) Experimental efficiency for an active router with heralding signals.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Theoretical conversion efficiencies S(n) for an ideal switching efficiency (ηSW = 1), using Eqs. (1)(3): an active router with heralding signals, an active router without heralding signals, a passive router using balanced beam splitters.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Experimental losses and measured/compensated conversion efficiency in this work.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S ( n ) = η SW n ,
S ( n ) = 1 n [ η SW n + ( n 1 ) ( 1 η SW n 1 ) n ] ,
S ( n ) = ( 1 / n ) n ,
S ( n ) = C ( n ) C h ( n ) 1 [ P h ( 1 ) η D ] n ,

Metrics