Abstract

A dual-wavelength fiber ring laser based on multimode fiber-polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating-multimode fiber (MMF-PMFBG-MMF) filter for simultaneously axial strain, temperature and refractive index (RI) sensing is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. In the ring laser, stable dual-wavelength lasing is determined by the MMF-PMFBG-MMF filter with two polarization states. The fiber birefringence affected by axial strain is far less than the effect of the temperature. Through monitoring the variations of each wavelength shift and output power, the simultaneous measurement for the axial strain, temperature and RI is realized. In our experiment, the proposed fiber laser sensor exhibits an axial strain sensitivity of 1.16 × 10−3nm/με and an RI sensitivity of 81.2dB/RIU. Meanwhile, the temperature sensitivities of two wavelengths are experimentally measured to be 9.74 × 10−3nm/°C and 9.2 × 10−3nm /°C, respectively.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2017 (5)

J. S. Velázquez-González, D. Monzón-Hernández, D. Moreno-Hernández, F. Martínez-Piñón, and I. Hernández-Romano, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature using a SPR-based fiber optic sensor,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 242, 912–920 (2017).

X. Yang, Y. Lu, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature based on SPR in D-shaped MOF,” Appl. Opt. 56(15), 4369–4374 (2017).
[PubMed]

Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Shen, L. Liang, Y. Yang, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous Measurement of Curvature and Temperature Based on Asymmetrical FPI,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(10), 838–841 (2017).

S. Wang, S. Liu, W. Ni, S. Wu, and P. Lu, “Dual-wavelength highly-sensitive refractive index sensor,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14389–14396 (2017).
[PubMed]

B. Yin, M. Wang, S. Wu, Y. Tang, S. Feng, and H. Zhang, “High sensitivity axial strain and temperature sensor based on dual-frequency optoelectronic oscillator using PMFBG Fabry-Perot filter,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14106–14113 (2017).
[PubMed]

2016 (5)

B. Yin, Y. Li, Z.-b. Liu, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Y. Xu, and S. S. Jian, “Investigation on a compact in-line multimode-single-mode-multimode fiber structure,” Opt. Laser Technol. 80, 16–21 (2016).

A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, A. L. Ricchiuti, D. Barrera, S. Sales, and F. J. Arregui, “Simultaneous measurement of humidity and temperature based on a partially coated optical fiber long period grating,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 227, 135–141 (2016).

M. Deng, D. Liu, W. Huang, and T. Zhu, “Highly-sensitive magnetic field sensor based on fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24(1), 645–651 (2016).
[PubMed]

X. P. Zhang, Z. G. Liu, L. X. Xie, and W. Peng, “Refractive index sensor based on fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 524–527 (2016).

J. F. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. J. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Y. Chen, and C. Y. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).

2015 (6)

2014 (5)

Y. C. Tan, W. B. Ji, V. Mamidala, K. K. Chow, and S. C. Tjin, “Carbon-nanotube-deposited long period fiber grating for continuous refractive index sensor applications,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 196, 260–264 (2014).

J. Zhou, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Yin, X. Zhong, K. Yang, B. Sun, G. Wang, and Z. Li, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature by employing fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1680–1686 (2014).
[PubMed]

B. Yin, H. S. Li, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Z. B. Liu, W. J. Peng, S. Liu, and S. S. Jian, “Temperature-Independent and Strain-Independent Twist Sensor Based on Structured PM-CFBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1565–1568 (2014).

Z. B. Liu, Z. Tan, B. Yin, Y. Bai, and S. Jian, “Refractive index sensing characterization of a singlemode-claddingless-singlemode fiber structure based fiber ring cavity laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5037–5042 (2014).
[PubMed]

Q. Yao, H. Meng, W. Wang, H. Xue, R. Xiong, B. Huang, C. Tan, and X. Huang, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature based on a core-offset Mach–Zehnder interferometer combined with a fiber Bragg grating,” Sensor. Actuat. A-Phys. 209, 73–77 (2014).

2013 (2)

J. Wo, Q. Sun, H. Liu, X. Li, J. Zhang, D. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Sensitivity-enhanced fiber optic temperature sensor with strain response suppression,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(4), 289–292 (2013).

J. Li, W. Zhang, S. Gao, P. Geng, X. Xue, Z. Bai, and H. Liang, “Long-period fiber grating cascaded to an S fiber taper for simultaneous measurement of temperature and refractive index,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(9), 888–891 (2013).

2009 (1)

Anzueto-Sanchez, G.

A. Martinez-Ríos, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, R. Selvas-Aguilar, A. A. C. Guzman, D. Toral-Acosta, V. Guzman-Ramos, V. M. Duran-Ramirez, J. A. Guerrero-Viramontes, and C. A. Calles-Arriaga, “High Sensitivity Fiber Laser Temperature Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(4), 2399–2402 (2015).

Arregui, F. J.

A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, A. L. Ricchiuti, D. Barrera, S. Sales, and F. J. Arregui, “Simultaneous measurement of humidity and temperature based on a partially coated optical fiber long period grating,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 227, 135–141 (2016).

Bai, H.

J. F. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. J. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Y. Chen, and C. Y. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).

Bai, Y.

Bai, Y. L.

B. Yin, Y. Li, Z.-b. Liu, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Y. Xu, and S. S. Jian, “Investigation on a compact in-line multimode-single-mode-multimode fiber structure,” Opt. Laser Technol. 80, 16–21 (2016).

B. Yin, H. S. Li, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Z. B. Liu, W. J. Peng, S. Liu, and S. S. Jian, “Temperature-Independent and Strain-Independent Twist Sensor Based on Structured PM-CFBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1565–1568 (2014).

Bai, Z.

J. Li, W. Zhang, S. Gao, P. Geng, X. Xue, Z. Bai, and H. Liang, “Long-period fiber grating cascaded to an S fiber taper for simultaneous measurement of temperature and refractive index,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(9), 888–891 (2013).

Barrera, D.

A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, A. L. Ricchiuti, D. Barrera, S. Sales, and F. J. Arregui, “Simultaneous measurement of humidity and temperature based on a partially coated optical fiber long period grating,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 227, 135–141 (2016).

Calles-Arriaga, C. A.

A. Martinez-Ríos, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, R. Selvas-Aguilar, A. A. C. Guzman, D. Toral-Acosta, V. Guzman-Ramos, V. M. Duran-Ramirez, J. A. Guerrero-Viramontes, and C. A. Calles-Arriaga, “High Sensitivity Fiber Laser Temperature Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(4), 2399–2402 (2015).

Chen, L. Y.

J. F. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. J. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Y. Chen, and C. Y. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).

Chou, J. B.

S. Ryu, P. Lee, J. B. Chou, R. Xu, R. Zhao, A. J. Hart, and S.-G. Kim, “Extremely Elastic Wearable Carbon Nanotube Fiber Strain Sensor for Monitoring of Human Motion,” ACS Nano 9(6), 5929–5936 (2015).
[PubMed]

Chow, K. K.

Y. C. Tan, W. B. Ji, V. Mamidala, K. K. Chow, and S. C. Tjin, “Carbon-nanotube-deposited long period fiber grating for continuous refractive index sensor applications,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 196, 260–264 (2014).

Deng, M.

Duran-Ramirez, V. M.

A. Martinez-Ríos, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, R. Selvas-Aguilar, A. A. C. Guzman, D. Toral-Acosta, V. Guzman-Ramos, V. M. Duran-Ramirez, J. A. Guerrero-Viramontes, and C. A. Calles-Arriaga, “High Sensitivity Fiber Laser Temperature Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(4), 2399–2402 (2015).

Fang, J.

Feng, S.

Feng, S. C.

B. Yin, Y. Li, Z.-b. Liu, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Y. Xu, and S. S. Jian, “Investigation on a compact in-line multimode-single-mode-multimode fiber structure,” Opt. Laser Technol. 80, 16–21 (2016).

B. Yin, H. S. Li, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Z. B. Liu, W. J. Peng, S. Liu, and S. S. Jian, “Temperature-Independent and Strain-Independent Twist Sensor Based on Structured PM-CFBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1565–1568 (2014).

Gao, S.

J. Li, W. Zhang, S. Gao, P. Geng, X. Xue, Z. Bai, and H. Liang, “Long-period fiber grating cascaded to an S fiber taper for simultaneous measurement of temperature and refractive index,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(9), 888–891 (2013).

Geng, P.

J. Li, W. Zhang, S. Gao, P. Geng, X. Xue, Z. Bai, and H. Liang, “Long-period fiber grating cascaded to an S fiber taper for simultaneous measurement of temperature and refractive index,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(9), 888–891 (2013).

Goicoechea, J.

A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, A. L. Ricchiuti, D. Barrera, S. Sales, and F. J. Arregui, “Simultaneous measurement of humidity and temperature based on a partially coated optical fiber long period grating,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 227, 135–141 (2016).

Guerrero-Viramontes, J. A.

A. Martinez-Ríos, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, R. Selvas-Aguilar, A. A. C. Guzman, D. Toral-Acosta, V. Guzman-Ramos, V. M. Duran-Ramirez, J. A. Guerrero-Viramontes, and C. A. Calles-Arriaga, “High Sensitivity Fiber Laser Temperature Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(4), 2399–2402 (2015).

Guo, C. J.

J. F. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. J. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Y. Chen, and C. Y. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).

Guzman, A. A. C.

A. Martinez-Ríos, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, R. Selvas-Aguilar, A. A. C. Guzman, D. Toral-Acosta, V. Guzman-Ramos, V. M. Duran-Ramirez, J. A. Guerrero-Viramontes, and C. A. Calles-Arriaga, “High Sensitivity Fiber Laser Temperature Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(4), 2399–2402 (2015).

Guzman-Ramos, V.

A. Martinez-Ríos, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, R. Selvas-Aguilar, A. A. C. Guzman, D. Toral-Acosta, V. Guzman-Ramos, V. M. Duran-Ramirez, J. A. Guerrero-Viramontes, and C. A. Calles-Arriaga, “High Sensitivity Fiber Laser Temperature Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(4), 2399–2402 (2015).

Hart, A. J.

S. Ryu, P. Lee, J. B. Chou, R. Xu, R. Zhao, A. J. Hart, and S.-G. Kim, “Extremely Elastic Wearable Carbon Nanotube Fiber Strain Sensor for Monitoring of Human Motion,” ACS Nano 9(6), 5929–5936 (2015).
[PubMed]

He, J.

Hernández-Romano, I.

J. S. Velázquez-González, D. Monzón-Hernández, D. Moreno-Hernández, F. Martínez-Piñón, and I. Hernández-Romano, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature using a SPR-based fiber optic sensor,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 242, 912–920 (2017).

Huang, B.

Q. Yao, H. Meng, W. Wang, H. Xue, R. Xiong, B. Huang, C. Tan, and X. Huang, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature based on a core-offset Mach–Zehnder interferometer combined with a fiber Bragg grating,” Sensor. Actuat. A-Phys. 209, 73–77 (2014).

Huang, W.

Huang, X.

Q. Yao, H. Meng, W. Wang, H. Xue, R. Xiong, B. Huang, C. Tan, and X. Huang, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature based on a core-offset Mach–Zehnder interferometer combined with a fiber Bragg grating,” Sensor. Actuat. A-Phys. 209, 73–77 (2014).

Ji, W. B.

Y. C. Tan, W. B. Ji, V. Mamidala, K. K. Chow, and S. C. Tjin, “Carbon-nanotube-deposited long period fiber grating for continuous refractive index sensor applications,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 196, 260–264 (2014).

Jian, S.

Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Shen, L. Liang, Y. Yang, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous Measurement of Curvature and Temperature Based on Asymmetrical FPI,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(10), 838–841 (2017).

Z. B. Liu, Z. Tan, B. Yin, Y. Bai, and S. Jian, “Refractive index sensing characterization of a singlemode-claddingless-singlemode fiber structure based fiber ring cavity laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5037–5042 (2014).
[PubMed]

Jian, S. S.

B. Yin, Y. Li, Z.-b. Liu, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Y. Xu, and S. S. Jian, “Investigation on a compact in-line multimode-single-mode-multimode fiber structure,” Opt. Laser Technol. 80, 16–21 (2016).

B. Yin, H. S. Li, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Z. B. Liu, W. J. Peng, S. Liu, and S. S. Jian, “Temperature-Independent and Strain-Independent Twist Sensor Based on Structured PM-CFBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1565–1568 (2014).

Jiang, S.

Jiang, Y.

Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Shen, L. Liang, Y. Yang, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous Measurement of Curvature and Temperature Based on Asymmetrical FPI,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(10), 838–841 (2017).

Kim, B. Y.

Kim, S.-G.

S. Ryu, P. Lee, J. B. Chou, R. Xu, R. Zhao, A. J. Hart, and S.-G. Kim, “Extremely Elastic Wearable Carbon Nanotube Fiber Strain Sensor for Monitoring of Human Motion,” ACS Nano 9(6), 5929–5936 (2015).
[PubMed]

Kumar, A.

Kumar, Y. B. P.

Lai, M.

Lee, P.

S. Ryu, P. Lee, J. B. Chou, R. Xu, R. Zhao, A. J. Hart, and S.-G. Kim, “Extremely Elastic Wearable Carbon Nanotube Fiber Strain Sensor for Monitoring of Human Motion,” ACS Nano 9(6), 5929–5936 (2015).
[PubMed]

Li, A.

Li, H. S.

B. Yin, H. S. Li, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Z. B. Liu, W. J. Peng, S. Liu, and S. S. Jian, “Temperature-Independent and Strain-Independent Twist Sensor Based on Structured PM-CFBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1565–1568 (2014).

Li, J.

J. Li, W. Zhang, S. Gao, P. Geng, X. Xue, Z. Bai, and H. Liang, “Long-period fiber grating cascaded to an S fiber taper for simultaneous measurement of temperature and refractive index,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(9), 888–891 (2013).

Li, M.-J.

Li, X.

J. Wo, Q. Sun, H. Liu, X. Li, J. Zhang, D. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Sensitivity-enhanced fiber optic temperature sensor with strain response suppression,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(4), 289–292 (2013).

Li, Y.

B. Yin, Y. Li, Z.-b. Liu, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Y. Xu, and S. S. Jian, “Investigation on a compact in-line multimode-single-mode-multimode fiber structure,” Opt. Laser Technol. 80, 16–21 (2016).

Li, Z.

Liang, H.

J. Li, W. Zhang, S. Gao, P. Geng, X. Xue, Z. Bai, and H. Liang, “Long-period fiber grating cascaded to an S fiber taper for simultaneous measurement of temperature and refractive index,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(9), 888–891 (2013).

Liang, L.

Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Shen, L. Liang, Y. Yang, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous Measurement of Curvature and Temperature Based on Asymmetrical FPI,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(10), 838–841 (2017).

Liao, C.

Liu, B.

Liu, D.

Liu, H.

J. Wo, Q. Sun, H. Liu, X. Li, J. Zhang, D. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Sensitivity-enhanced fiber optic temperature sensor with strain response suppression,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(4), 289–292 (2013).

Liu, S.

Liu, Y.

Liu, Z. B.

B. Yin, H. S. Li, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Z. B. Liu, W. J. Peng, S. Liu, and S. S. Jian, “Temperature-Independent and Strain-Independent Twist Sensor Based on Structured PM-CFBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1565–1568 (2014).

Z. B. Liu, Z. Tan, B. Yin, Y. Bai, and S. Jian, “Refractive index sensing characterization of a singlemode-claddingless-singlemode fiber structure based fiber ring cavity laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5037–5042 (2014).
[PubMed]

Liu, Z. G.

X. P. Zhang, Z. G. Liu, L. X. Xie, and W. Peng, “Refractive index sensor based on fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 524–527 (2016).

Liu, Z.-b.

B. Yin, Y. Li, Z.-b. Liu, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Y. Xu, and S. S. Jian, “Investigation on a compact in-line multimode-single-mode-multimode fiber structure,” Opt. Laser Technol. 80, 16–21 (2016).

Lu, P.

Lu, Y.

Luo, H.

Mamidala, V.

Y. C. Tan, W. B. Ji, V. Mamidala, K. K. Chow, and S. C. Tjin, “Carbon-nanotube-deposited long period fiber grating for continuous refractive index sensor applications,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 196, 260–264 (2014).

Mao, L.

Marin, E.

Martínez-Piñón, F.

J. S. Velázquez-González, D. Monzón-Hernández, D. Moreno-Hernández, F. Martínez-Piñón, and I. Hernández-Romano, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature using a SPR-based fiber optic sensor,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 242, 912–920 (2017).

Martinez-Ríos, A.

A. Martinez-Ríos, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, R. Selvas-Aguilar, A. A. C. Guzman, D. Toral-Acosta, V. Guzman-Ramos, V. M. Duran-Ramirez, J. A. Guerrero-Viramontes, and C. A. Calles-Arriaga, “High Sensitivity Fiber Laser Temperature Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(4), 2399–2402 (2015).

Meng, H.

Q. Yao, H. Meng, W. Wang, H. Xue, R. Xiong, B. Huang, C. Tan, and X. Huang, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature based on a core-offset Mach–Zehnder interferometer combined with a fiber Bragg grating,” Sensor. Actuat. A-Phys. 209, 73–77 (2014).

Meunier, J.-P.

Miao, C. Y.

J. F. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. J. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Y. Chen, and C. Y. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).

Monzón-Hernández, D.

J. S. Velázquez-González, D. Monzón-Hernández, D. Moreno-Hernández, F. Martínez-Piñón, and I. Hernández-Romano, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature using a SPR-based fiber optic sensor,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 242, 912–920 (2017).

Moreno-Hernández, D.

J. S. Velázquez-González, D. Monzón-Hernández, D. Moreno-Hernández, F. Martínez-Piñón, and I. Hernández-Romano, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature using a SPR-based fiber optic sensor,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 242, 912–920 (2017).

Ni, W.

Peng, W.

X. P. Zhang, Z. G. Liu, L. X. Xie, and W. Peng, “Refractive index sensor based on fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 524–527 (2016).

Peng, W. J.

B. Yin, H. S. Li, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Z. B. Liu, W. J. Peng, S. Liu, and S. S. Jian, “Temperature-Independent and Strain-Independent Twist Sensor Based on Structured PM-CFBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1565–1568 (2014).

Qu, J.

Ricchiuti, A. L.

A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, A. L. Ricchiuti, D. Barrera, S. Sales, and F. J. Arregui, “Simultaneous measurement of humidity and temperature based on a partially coated optical fiber long period grating,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 227, 135–141 (2016).

Ryu, S.

S. Ryu, P. Lee, J. B. Chou, R. Xu, R. Zhao, A. J. Hart, and S.-G. Kim, “Extremely Elastic Wearable Carbon Nanotube Fiber Strain Sensor for Monitoring of Human Motion,” ACS Nano 9(6), 5929–5936 (2015).
[PubMed]

Sales, S.

A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, A. L. Ricchiuti, D. Barrera, S. Sales, and F. J. Arregui, “Simultaneous measurement of humidity and temperature based on a partially coated optical fiber long period grating,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 227, 135–141 (2016).

Selvas-Aguilar, R.

A. Martinez-Ríos, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, R. Selvas-Aguilar, A. A. C. Guzman, D. Toral-Acosta, V. Guzman-Ramos, V. M. Duran-Ramirez, J. A. Guerrero-Viramontes, and C. A. Calles-Arriaga, “High Sensitivity Fiber Laser Temperature Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(4), 2399–2402 (2015).

Shen, Y.

Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Shen, L. Liang, Y. Yang, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous Measurement of Curvature and Temperature Based on Asymmetrical FPI,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(10), 838–841 (2017).

Shieh, W.

Shum, P. P.

J. Wo, Q. Sun, H. Liu, X. Li, J. Zhang, D. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Sensitivity-enhanced fiber optic temperature sensor with strain response suppression,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(4), 289–292 (2013).

Sun, B.

Sun, Q.

Q. Sun, H. Luo, H. Luo, M. Lai, D. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Multimode microfiber interferometer for dual-parameters sensing assisted by Fresnel reflection,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12777–12783 (2015).
[PubMed]

J. Wo, Q. Sun, H. Liu, X. Li, J. Zhang, D. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Sensitivity-enhanced fiber optic temperature sensor with strain response suppression,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(4), 289–292 (2013).

Tan, C.

Q. Yao, H. Meng, W. Wang, H. Xue, R. Xiong, B. Huang, C. Tan, and X. Huang, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature based on a core-offset Mach–Zehnder interferometer combined with a fiber Bragg grating,” Sensor. Actuat. A-Phys. 209, 73–77 (2014).

Tan, Y. C.

Y. C. Tan, W. B. Ji, V. Mamidala, K. K. Chow, and S. C. Tjin, “Carbon-nanotube-deposited long period fiber grating for continuous refractive index sensor applications,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 196, 260–264 (2014).

Tan, Z.

Tang, J.

Tang, Y.

Tjin, S. C.

Y. C. Tan, W. B. Ji, V. Mamidala, K. K. Chow, and S. C. Tjin, “Carbon-nanotube-deposited long period fiber grating for continuous refractive index sensor applications,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 196, 260–264 (2014).

Toral-Acosta, D.

A. Martinez-Ríos, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, R. Selvas-Aguilar, A. A. C. Guzman, D. Toral-Acosta, V. Guzman-Ramos, V. M. Duran-Ramirez, J. A. Guerrero-Viramontes, and C. A. Calles-Arriaga, “High Sensitivity Fiber Laser Temperature Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(4), 2399–2402 (2015).

Tripathi, S. M.

Urrutia, A.

A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, A. L. Ricchiuti, D. Barrera, S. Sales, and F. J. Arregui, “Simultaneous measurement of humidity and temperature based on a partially coated optical fiber long period grating,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 227, 135–141 (2016).

Varshney, R. K.

Velázquez-González, J. S.

J. S. Velázquez-González, D. Monzón-Hernández, D. Moreno-Hernández, F. Martínez-Piñón, and I. Hernández-Romano, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature using a SPR-based fiber optic sensor,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 242, 912–920 (2017).

Wang, G.

Wang, J.

J. F. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. J. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Y. Chen, and C. Y. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).

Wang, M.

Wang, S.

Wang, W.

Q. Yao, H. Meng, W. Wang, H. Xue, R. Xiong, B. Huang, C. Tan, and X. Huang, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature based on a core-offset Mach–Zehnder interferometer combined with a fiber Bragg grating,” Sensor. Actuat. A-Phys. 209, 73–77 (2014).

Wang, Y.

Wo, J.

J. Wo, Q. Sun, H. Liu, X. Li, J. Zhang, D. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Sensitivity-enhanced fiber optic temperature sensor with strain response suppression,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(4), 289–292 (2013).

Wu, S.

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Shen, L. Liang, Y. Yang, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous Measurement of Curvature and Temperature Based on Asymmetrical FPI,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(10), 838–841 (2017).

Xie, L. X.

X. P. Zhang, Z. G. Liu, L. X. Xie, and W. Peng, “Refractive index sensor based on fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 524–527 (2016).

Xiong, R.

Q. Yao, H. Meng, W. Wang, H. Xue, R. Xiong, B. Huang, C. Tan, and X. Huang, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature based on a core-offset Mach–Zehnder interferometer combined with a fiber Bragg grating,” Sensor. Actuat. A-Phys. 209, 73–77 (2014).

Xu, R.

S. Ryu, P. Lee, J. B. Chou, R. Xu, R. Zhao, A. J. Hart, and S.-G. Kim, “Extremely Elastic Wearable Carbon Nanotube Fiber Strain Sensor for Monitoring of Human Motion,” ACS Nano 9(6), 5929–5936 (2015).
[PubMed]

Xu, W.

J. F. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. J. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Y. Chen, and C. Y. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).

Xu, Y.

B. Yin, Y. Li, Z.-b. Liu, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Y. Xu, and S. S. Jian, “Investigation on a compact in-line multimode-single-mode-multimode fiber structure,” Opt. Laser Technol. 80, 16–21 (2016).

Xue, H.

Q. Yao, H. Meng, W. Wang, H. Xue, R. Xiong, B. Huang, C. Tan, and X. Huang, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature based on a core-offset Mach–Zehnder interferometer combined with a fiber Bragg grating,” Sensor. Actuat. A-Phys. 209, 73–77 (2014).

Xue, X.

J. Li, W. Zhang, S. Gao, P. Geng, X. Xue, Z. Bai, and H. Liang, “Long-period fiber grating cascaded to an S fiber taper for simultaneous measurement of temperature and refractive index,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(9), 888–891 (2013).

Yang, K.

Yang, X.

Yang, Y.

Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Shen, L. Liang, Y. Yang, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous Measurement of Curvature and Temperature Based on Asymmetrical FPI,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(10), 838–841 (2017).

Yao, J.

Yao, Q.

Q. Yao, H. Meng, W. Wang, H. Xue, R. Xiong, B. Huang, C. Tan, and X. Huang, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature based on a core-offset Mach–Zehnder interferometer combined with a fiber Bragg grating,” Sensor. Actuat. A-Phys. 209, 73–77 (2014).

Yin, B.

B. Yin, M. Wang, S. Wu, Y. Tang, S. Feng, and H. Zhang, “High sensitivity axial strain and temperature sensor based on dual-frequency optoelectronic oscillator using PMFBG Fabry-Perot filter,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14106–14113 (2017).
[PubMed]

B. Yin, Y. Li, Z.-b. Liu, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Y. Xu, and S. S. Jian, “Investigation on a compact in-line multimode-single-mode-multimode fiber structure,” Opt. Laser Technol. 80, 16–21 (2016).

Z. B. Liu, Z. Tan, B. Yin, Y. Bai, and S. Jian, “Refractive index sensing characterization of a singlemode-claddingless-singlemode fiber structure based fiber ring cavity laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5037–5042 (2014).
[PubMed]

B. Yin, H. S. Li, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Z. B. Liu, W. J. Peng, S. Liu, and S. S. Jian, “Temperature-Independent and Strain-Independent Twist Sensor Based on Structured PM-CFBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1565–1568 (2014).

Yin, G.

Zhang, C.

J. F. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. J. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Y. Chen, and C. Y. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

J. Wo, Q. Sun, H. Liu, X. Li, J. Zhang, D. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Sensitivity-enhanced fiber optic temperature sensor with strain response suppression,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(4), 289–292 (2013).

Zhang, L.

Zhang, W.

J. Li, W. Zhang, S. Gao, P. Geng, X. Xue, Z. Bai, and H. Liang, “Long-period fiber grating cascaded to an S fiber taper for simultaneous measurement of temperature and refractive index,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(9), 888–891 (2013).

Zhang, X. P.

X. P. Zhang, Z. G. Liu, L. X. Xie, and W. Peng, “Refractive index sensor based on fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 524–527 (2016).

Zhao, J. F.

J. F. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. J. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Y. Chen, and C. Y. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).

Zhao, R.

S. Ryu, P. Lee, J. B. Chou, R. Xu, R. Zhao, A. J. Hart, and S.-G. Kim, “Extremely Elastic Wearable Carbon Nanotube Fiber Strain Sensor for Monitoring of Human Motion,” ACS Nano 9(6), 5929–5936 (2015).
[PubMed]

Zhong, X.

Zhou, J.

Zhu, T.

ACS Nano (1)

S. Ryu, P. Lee, J. B. Chou, R. Xu, R. Zhao, A. J. Hart, and S.-G. Kim, “Extremely Elastic Wearable Carbon Nanotube Fiber Strain Sensor for Monitoring of Human Motion,” ACS Nano 9(6), 5929–5936 (2015).
[PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

J. F. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. J. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Y. Chen, and C. Y. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (4)

B. Yin, H. S. Li, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Z. B. Liu, W. J. Peng, S. Liu, and S. S. Jian, “Temperature-Independent and Strain-Independent Twist Sensor Based on Structured PM-CFBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1565–1568 (2014).

J. Li, W. Zhang, S. Gao, P. Geng, X. Xue, Z. Bai, and H. Liang, “Long-period fiber grating cascaded to an S fiber taper for simultaneous measurement of temperature and refractive index,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(9), 888–891 (2013).

Y. Wu, Y. Jiang, Y. Shen, L. Liang, Y. Yang, and S. Jian, “Simultaneous Measurement of Curvature and Temperature Based on Asymmetrical FPI,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(10), 838–841 (2017).

X. P. Zhang, Z. G. Liu, L. X. Xie, and W. Peng, “Refractive index sensor based on fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 524–527 (2016).

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

A. Martinez-Ríos, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, R. Selvas-Aguilar, A. A. C. Guzman, D. Toral-Acosta, V. Guzman-Ramos, V. M. Duran-Ramirez, J. A. Guerrero-Viramontes, and C. A. Calles-Arriaga, “High Sensitivity Fiber Laser Temperature Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(4), 2399–2402 (2015).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (8)

J. Zhou, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Yin, X. Zhong, K. Yang, B. Sun, G. Wang, and Z. Li, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature by employing fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1680–1686 (2014).
[PubMed]

Z. B. Liu, Z. Tan, B. Yin, Y. Bai, and S. Jian, “Refractive index sensing characterization of a singlemode-claddingless-singlemode fiber structure based fiber ring cavity laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5037–5042 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. Wang, P. Lu, L. Mao, D. Liu, and S. Jiang, “Cascaded interferometers structure based on dual-pass Mach-Zehnder interferometer and Sagnac interferometer for dual-parameter sensing,” Opt. Express 23(2), 674–680 (2015).
[PubMed]

B. Sun, Y. Wang, J. Qu, C. Liao, G. Yin, J. He, J. Zhou, J. Tang, S. Liu, Z. Li, and Y. Liu, “Simultaneous measurement of pressure and temperature by employing Fabry-Perot interferometer based on pendant polymer droplet,” Opt. Express 23(3), 1906–1911 (2015).
[PubMed]

Q. Sun, H. Luo, H. Luo, M. Lai, D. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Multimode microfiber interferometer for dual-parameters sensing assisted by Fresnel reflection,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12777–12783 (2015).
[PubMed]

M. Deng, D. Liu, W. Huang, and T. Zhu, “Highly-sensitive magnetic field sensor based on fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24(1), 645–651 (2016).
[PubMed]

B. Yin, M. Wang, S. Wu, Y. Tang, S. Feng, and H. Zhang, “High sensitivity axial strain and temperature sensor based on dual-frequency optoelectronic oscillator using PMFBG Fabry-Perot filter,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14106–14113 (2017).
[PubMed]

S. Wang, S. Liu, W. Ni, S. Wu, and P. Lu, “Dual-wavelength highly-sensitive refractive index sensor,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14389–14396 (2017).
[PubMed]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

J. Wo, Q. Sun, H. Liu, X. Li, J. Zhang, D. Liu, and P. P. Shum, “Sensitivity-enhanced fiber optic temperature sensor with strain response suppression,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(4), 289–292 (2013).

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

B. Yin, Y. Li, Z.-b. Liu, S. C. Feng, Y. L. Bai, Y. Xu, and S. S. Jian, “Investigation on a compact in-line multimode-single-mode-multimode fiber structure,” Opt. Laser Technol. 80, 16–21 (2016).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sensor. Actuat. A-Phys. (1)

Q. Yao, H. Meng, W. Wang, H. Xue, R. Xiong, B. Huang, C. Tan, and X. Huang, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature based on a core-offset Mach–Zehnder interferometer combined with a fiber Bragg grating,” Sensor. Actuat. A-Phys. 209, 73–77 (2014).

Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. (3)

A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, A. L. Ricchiuti, D. Barrera, S. Sales, and F. J. Arregui, “Simultaneous measurement of humidity and temperature based on a partially coated optical fiber long period grating,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 227, 135–141 (2016).

Y. C. Tan, W. B. Ji, V. Mamidala, K. K. Chow, and S. C. Tjin, “Carbon-nanotube-deposited long period fiber grating for continuous refractive index sensor applications,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 196, 260–264 (2014).

J. S. Velázquez-González, D. Monzón-Hernández, D. Moreno-Hernández, F. Martínez-Piñón, and I. Hernández-Romano, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature using a SPR-based fiber optic sensor,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 242, 912–920 (2017).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the MMF-PMFBG-MMF structure.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Measured transmission spectrum of the proposed MMF-PMFBG-MMF structure in the range from 1500nm to 1590nm; (b) Measured transmission spectrum of PMFBG.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic diagram of the dual-wavelength fiber ring laser based on MMF-PMFBG-MMF filter.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Measured output spectra of the dual-wavelength laser with 3-min interval during half an hour.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The fluctuations of each laser peak power and center wavelength at dual-wavelength operation during half an hour.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Laser output spectral evolution within the wavelength range from 1544.5nm to 1546nm when the RI increases from 1.33303 to 1.44290; (b) Relationship between laser output power of each wavelength and RI; (c) Relationship between wavelength shift of each laser output and RI.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Laser output spectral evolution within the wavelength range from 1543.5nm to 1546.5nm when the temperature increases from 5 to 55°C with 10°C interval; (b) Relationship between two lasing wavelengths and temperature; (c) Relationship between the difference of two laser emission wavelength shifts and temperature.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Laser output spectral evolution within the wavelength range from 1543.5nm to 1546.5nm when the axial strain increases from 0 to 500με with 100με interval; (b) Relationship between wavelength of each laser output and axial strain; (c) Relationship between the difference of two laser emission wavelength shifts and axial strain.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Measured variations of dual-wavelength laser output power with (a) axial strain from 0 to 500με and (b) temperature from 5 to 55°C.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

{ λ F B G X = 2 n X Λ λ F B G Y = 2 n Y Λ
{ Δ λ F B G X = K R 1 Δ n R I + K T 1 Δ T + K ε 1 Δ ε Δ λ F B G Y = K R 2 Δ n R I + K T 2 Δ T + K ε 2 Δ ε
{ Δ λ F B G X = K R 1 Δ n R I + K T 1 Δ T + K ε Δ ε Δ λ F B G Y = K R 2 Δ n R I + K T 2 Δ T + K ε Δ ε
{ Δ λ F B G X = K T 1 Δ T + K ε Δ ε Δ λ F B G Y = K T 2 Δ T + K ε Δ ε
Δ P L a s e r = K R 3 Δ n R I + K T 3 Δ T + K ε 3 Δ ε
{ Δ λ F B G X = K T 1 Δ T + K ε Δ ε Δ λ F B G Y = K T 2 Δ T + K ε Δ ε Δ P L a s e r = K R 3 Δ n R I + K T 3 Δ T + K ε 3 Δ ε
Δ λ = λ 2 Δ n e f f L
{ δ n i = β n i Δ T δ L = α L Δ T
{ δ n i = n i 3 2 [ p 12 σ ( p 11 + p 12 ) ] ε δ L = L ε
{ Δ λ F B G X = 9.74 × 10 3 Δ T + 1.16 × 10 3 Δ ε Δ λ F B G Y = 9.2 × 10 3 Δ T + 1.16 × 10 3 Δ ε Δ P L aser = 81.2 Δ n R I

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