Abstract

We report on the first demonstration of dual-wavelength square-wave pulses in a thulium-doped fiber laser. Under appropriate cavity parameters, dual-wavelength dissipative soliton resonances (DSRs) and domain wall solitons (DWSs) are successively obtained. Meanwhile, dark pulses generation is achieved at the dual-wavelength DWSs region due to the overlap of the two domain wall pulses. The fiber-based Lyot filter, conducted by inserting PMF between an in-line PBS and a PD-ISO, facilitates the generation of dual-wavelength operation. The polarization-resolved investigation suggests that the cross coupling between two orthogonal polarization components in the high nonlinear fiber plays an important role in the square-wave pulses formation. The investigation may be helpful for further understanding the square-wave pulse formation and has potential in application filed of multi-wavelength pulsed fiber lasers.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (1)

2016 (6)

2015 (3)

2014 (5)

L. Mei, G. Chen, L. Xu, X. Zhang, C. Gu, B. Sun, and A. Wang, “Width and amplitude tunable square-wave pulse in dual-pump passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(11), 3235–3237 (2014).
[PubMed]

D. Tang, Y. Song, J. Guo, Y. Xiang, and D. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 42–50 (2014).

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, and S. Wabnitz, “Dynamics of the transition from polarization disorder to antiphase polarization domains in vector fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063812 (2014).

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

N. Zhao, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, Q. Y. Ning, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse Yb-doped fiber laser using a microfiber-based graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10906–10913 (2014).
[PubMed]

2013 (4)

2012 (4)

Z. Lin, A. Luo, S. Wang, H. Wang, W. Cao, Z. Luo, and W. Xu, “Generation of dual-wavelength domain-wall rectangular-shape pulses in HNLF-based fiber ring laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2260–2264 (2012).

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 440–449 (2012).

X. Zhang, C. Gu, G. Chen, B. Sun, L. Xu, A. Wang, and H. Ming, “Square-wave pulse with ultra-wide tuning range in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(8), 1334–1336 (2012).
[PubMed]

2011 (2)

2010 (5)

2009 (1)

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 80(5), 052302 (2009).

2008 (4)

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Induced solitons formed by cross-polarization coupling in a birefringent cavity fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(20), 2317–2319 (2008).
[PubMed]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372(17), 3124–3128 (2008).

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).

2005 (1)

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

M. Haelterman and A. P. Sheppard, “Polarization domain walls in diffractive or dispersive Kerr media,” Opt. Lett. 19(2), 96–98 (1994).
[PubMed]

M. Haelterman and A. P. Sheppard, “Bifurcations of the dark soliton and polarization domain walls in nonlinear dispersive media,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 49(5), 4512–4518 (1994).
[PubMed]

1990 (1)

1988 (1)

1987 (2)

C. R. Menyuk, “Stability of solitons in birefringent optical fibers. I: Equal propagation amplitudes,” Opt. Lett. 12(8), 614–616 (1987).
[PubMed]

V. E. Zakharov and A. V. Mikhailov, “Polarization domains in nonlinear optics,” JETP Lett. 45(6), 349–351 (1987).

Abdel-Moneim, N.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

Abramski, K.

Agrawal, G. P.

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, “Optical square-wave clock generation based on an all-optical flip-flop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 489–491 (2010).

Akhmediev, N.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).

P. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372(17), 3124–3128 (2008).

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).

Ankiewicz, A.

Badolo, M.

Bahloul, F.

Bang, O.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

Bao, C.

Ben Braham, F.

Benson, T.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

Braham, F. B.

Bremer, K.

Cao, W.

Z. Lin, A. Luo, S. Wang, H. Wang, W. Cao, Z. Luo, and W. Xu, “Generation of dual-wavelength domain-wall rectangular-shape pulses in HNLF-based fiber ring laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2260–2264 (2012).

Chang, W.

Chen, G.

Chen, Y.

Cranch, G. A.

Doran, N. J.

Dupont, S.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

Eken, K.

Fermann, M. E.

Flockhart, G. M. H.

Fourmont, J.

Furniss, D.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

Grattan, K. T. V.

Grelu, P.

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, and S. Wabnitz, “Dynamics of the transition from polarization disorder to antiphase polarization domains in vector fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063812 (2014).

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, and S. Wabnitz, “Polarization-domain-wall complexes in fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(1), 211–218 (2013).

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).

P. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372(17), 3124–3128 (2008).

Gu, C.

Guo, B.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. Yang, Y. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).

Guo, J.

D. Tang, Y. Song, J. Guo, Y. Xiang, and D. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 42–50 (2014).

Haberl, F.

Haelterman, M.

Han, H.

Han, M.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[PubMed]

X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Han, M. Han, H. Zhang, L. Zhao, F. Wen, and Z. Yang, “Different polarization dynamic states in a vector Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10747–10755 (2015).
[PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 440–449 (2012).

Hochreiter, H.

Hofer, M.

Hu, Y.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Jin, L.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. Yang, Y. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).

Kaplan, A. M.

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, “Optical square-wave clock generation based on an all-optical flip-flop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 489–491 (2010).

Kirkendall, C. K.

Knize, R. J.

Krzempek, K.

Kubat, I.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

Lecaplain, C.

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, and S. Wabnitz, “Dynamics of the transition from polarization disorder to antiphase polarization domains in vector fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063812 (2014).

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, and S. Wabnitz, “Polarization-domain-wall complexes in fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(1), 211–218 (2013).

Lewis, E.

Li, H.

Li, J.

Li, X.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[PubMed]

X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Han, M. Han, H. Zhang, L. Zhao, F. Wen, and Z. Yang, “Different polarization dynamic states in a vector Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10747–10755 (2015).
[PubMed]

Lin, Z.

Z. Lin, A. Luo, S. Wang, H. Wang, W. Cao, Z. Luo, and W. Xu, “Generation of dual-wavelength domain-wall rectangular-shape pulses in HNLF-based fiber ring laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2260–2264 (2012).

Lin, Z. B.

Liu, C.

Liu, H.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. Chen, P. Tang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Generation and evolution of mode-locked noise-like square-wave pulses in a large-anomalous-dispersion Er-doped ring fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(5), 6418–6427 (2015).
[PubMed]

Liu, M.

Liu, Y.

Lu, R.

Luo, A.

Z. Lin, A. Luo, S. Wang, H. Wang, W. Cao, Z. Luo, and W. Xu, “Generation of dual-wavelength domain-wall rectangular-shape pulses in HNLF-based fiber ring laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2260–2264 (2012).

Luo, A. P.

Luo, Z.

Z. Lin, A. Luo, S. Wang, H. Wang, W. Cao, Z. Luo, and W. Xu, “Generation of dual-wavelength domain-wall rectangular-shape pulses in HNLF-based fiber ring laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2260–2264 (2012).

Luo, Z. C.

Lyu, Y.

Maywar, D. N.

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, “Optical square-wave clock generation based on an all-optical flip-flop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 489–491 (2010).

Mei, L.

Meng, Y.

Menyuk, C. R.

Mikhailov, A. V.

V. E. Zakharov and A. V. Mikhailov, “Polarization domains in nonlinear optics,” JETP Lett. 45(6), 349–351 (1987).

Ming, H.

Mo, K.

Møller, U.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

Ning, Q. Y.

Öktem, B.

Ozgören, K.

Pal, A.

Pang, Z.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[PubMed]

Petersen, C. R.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

Picqué, N.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 440–449 (2012).

Ramsay, J.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

Salhi, M.

Sanchez, F.

Schliesser, A.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 440–449 (2012).

Seddon, A.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

Semaan, G.

Sen, R.

Shen, D.

D. Tang, Y. Song, J. Guo, Y. Xiang, and D. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 42–50 (2014).

Sheppard, A. P.

M. Haelterman and A. P. Sheppard, “Bifurcations of the dark soliton and polarization domain walls in nonlinear dispersive media,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 49(5), 4512–4518 (1994).
[PubMed]

M. Haelterman and A. P. Sheppard, “Polarization domain walls in diffractive or dispersive Kerr media,” Opt. Lett. 19(2), 96–98 (1994).
[PubMed]

Shi, H.

Song, Y.

D. Tang, Y. Song, J. Guo, Y. Xiang, and D. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 42–50 (2014).

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

P. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372(17), 3124–3128 (2008).

Sotor, J.

Sujecki, S.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

Sun, B.

Sun, T.

Sun, Y.

L. Wang, Z. Wang, B. Yang, Q. Yang, and Y. Sun, “Thulium laser urethrotomy for urethral stricture: a preliminary report,” Lasers Surg. Med. 42(7), 620–623 (2010).
[PubMed]

Tam, H. Y.

Tang, D.

D. Tang, Y. Song, J. Guo, Y. Xiang, and D. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 42–50 (2014).

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dual-wavelength domain wall solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3525–3530 (2011).
[PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 80(5), 052302 (2009).

Tang, D. Y.

Tang, P.

Tang, Z.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

Wabnitz, S.

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, and S. Wabnitz, “Dynamics of the transition from polarization disorder to antiphase polarization domains in vector fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063812 (2014).

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, and S. Wabnitz, “Polarization-domain-wall complexes in fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(1), 211–218 (2013).

Wang, A.

Wang, H.

Z. Lin, A. Luo, S. Wang, H. Wang, W. Cao, Z. Luo, and W. Xu, “Generation of dual-wavelength domain-wall rectangular-shape pulses in HNLF-based fiber ring laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2260–2264 (2012).

Wang, L.

L. Wang, Z. Wang, B. Yang, Q. Yang, and Y. Sun, “Thulium laser urethrotomy for urethral stricture: a preliminary report,” Lasers Surg. Med. 42(7), 620–623 (2010).
[PubMed]

Wang, S.

Z. Lin, A. Luo, S. Wang, H. Wang, W. Cao, Z. Luo, and W. Xu, “Generation of dual-wavelength domain-wall rectangular-shape pulses in HNLF-based fiber ring laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2260–2264 (2012).

Wang, S. K.

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

L. Wang, Z. Wang, B. Yang, Q. Yang, and Y. Sun, “Thulium laser urethrotomy for urethral stricture: a preliminary report,” Lasers Surg. Med. 42(7), 620–623 (2010).
[PubMed]

Wei, C.

Wen, F.

Wen, S.

Wood, D.

Wu, X.

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dual-wavelength domain wall solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3525–3530 (2011).
[PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 80(5), 052302 (2009).

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[PubMed]

Xiang, Y.

D. Tang, Y. Song, J. Guo, Y. Xiang, and D. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 42–50 (2014).

Xiao, X.

Xu, C.

Xu, L.

Xu, W.

Z. Lin, A. Luo, S. Wang, H. Wang, W. Cao, Z. Luo, and W. Xu, “Generation of dual-wavelength domain-wall rectangular-shape pulses in HNLF-based fiber ring laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2260–2264 (2012).

Xu, W. C.

Yan, B.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. Yang, Y. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).

Yan, P.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[PubMed]

Yang, B.

L. Wang, Z. Wang, B. Yang, Q. Yang, and Y. Sun, “Thulium laser urethrotomy for urethral stricture: a preliminary report,” Lasers Surg. Med. 42(7), 620–623 (2010).
[PubMed]

Yang, C.

Yang, Q.

L. Wang, Z. Wang, B. Yang, Q. Yang, and Y. Sun, “Thulium laser urethrotomy for urethral stricture: a preliminary report,” Lasers Surg. Med. 42(7), 620–623 (2010).
[PubMed]

Yang, Y.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. Yang, Y. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).

Yang, Z.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[PubMed]

X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Han, M. Han, H. Zhang, L. Zhao, F. Wen, and Z. Yang, “Different polarization dynamic states in a vector Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10747–10755 (2015).
[PubMed]

Yao, S.

Yao, Y.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. Yang, Y. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).

Yilmaz, S.

Yuan, Y.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. Yang, Y. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).

Zakharov, V. E.

V. E. Zakharov and A. V. Mikhailov, “Polarization domains in nonlinear optics,” JETP Lett. 45(6), 349–351 (1987).

Zhai, B.

Zhang, H.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. Chen, P. Tang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Generation and evolution of mode-locked noise-like square-wave pulses in a large-anomalous-dispersion Er-doped ring fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(5), 6418–6427 (2015).
[PubMed]

X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Han, M. Han, H. Zhang, L. Zhao, F. Wen, and Z. Yang, “Different polarization dynamic states in a vector Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10747–10755 (2015).
[PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dual-wavelength domain wall solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3525–3530 (2011).
[PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and R. J. Knize, “Vector dark domain wall solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4428–4433 (2010).
[PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 80(5), 052302 (2009).

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Induced solitons formed by cross-polarization coupling in a birefringent cavity fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(20), 2317–2319 (2008).
[PubMed]

Zhang, J.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. Yang, Y. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).

Zhang, S.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[PubMed]

X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Han, M. Han, H. Zhang, L. Zhao, F. Wen, and Z. Yang, “Different polarization dynamic states in a vector Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10747–10755 (2015).
[PubMed]

Zhang, X.

Zhao, C.

Zhao, L.

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, N.

Zheng, X. W.

Zhou, B.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

Zou, X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Tang, Y. Song, J. Guo, Y. Xiang, and D. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 42–50 (2014).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, “Optical square-wave clock generation based on an all-optical flip-flop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 489–491 (2010).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

JETP Lett. (1)

V. E. Zakharov and A. V. Mikhailov, “Polarization domains in nonlinear optics,” JETP Lett. 45(6), 349–351 (1987).

Lasers Surg. Med. (1)

L. Wang, Z. Wang, B. Yang, Q. Yang, and Y. Sun, “Thulium laser urethrotomy for urethral stricture: a preliminary report,” Lasers Surg. Med. 42(7), 620–623 (2010).
[PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (3)

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 440–449 (2012).

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).

Opt. Express (11)

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dual-wavelength domain wall solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3525–3530 (2011).
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S. K. Wang, Q. Y. Ning, A. P. Luo, Z. B. Lin, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(2), 2402–2407 (2013).
[PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. Chen, P. Tang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Generation and evolution of mode-locked noise-like square-wave pulses in a large-anomalous-dispersion Er-doped ring fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(5), 6418–6427 (2015).
[PubMed]

K. Ozgören, B. Öktem, S. Yilmaz, F. Ö. Ilday, and K. Eken, “83 W, 3.1 MHz, square-shaped, 1 ns-pulsed all-fiber-integrated laser for micromachining,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17647–17652 (2011).
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Y. Wang, J. Li, B. Zhai, Y. Hu, K. Mo, R. Lu, and Y. Liu, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength mode-locked Tm3+-doped fiber laser based on a fiber taper,” Opt. Express 24(14), 15299–15306 (2016).
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N. Zhao, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, Q. Y. Ning, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse Yb-doped fiber laser using a microfiber-based graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10906–10913 (2014).
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Y. Lyu, X. Zou, H. Shi, C. Liu, C. Wei, J. Li, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Multipulse dynamics under dissipative soliton resonance conditions,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13286–13295 (2017).
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H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and R. J. Knize, “Vector dark domain wall solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4428–4433 (2010).
[PubMed]

X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Han, M. Han, H. Zhang, L. Zhao, F. Wen, and Z. Yang, “Different polarization dynamic states in a vector Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10747–10755 (2015).
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G. Semaan, F. Ben Braham, M. Salhi, Y. Meng, F. Bahloul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy square-wave pulses in all anomalous dispersion Er:Yb passive mode locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8399–8404 (2016).
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K. Krzempek and K. Abramski, “Dissipative soliton resonance mode-locked double clad Er:Yb laser at different values of anomalous dispersion,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22379–22386 (2016).
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Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

Z. Lin, A. Luo, S. Wang, H. Wang, W. Cao, Z. Luo, and W. Xu, “Generation of dual-wavelength domain-wall rectangular-shape pulses in HNLF-based fiber ring laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2260–2264 (2012).

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M. Haelterman and A. P. Sheppard, “Polarization domain walls in diffractive or dispersive Kerr media,” Opt. Lett. 19(2), 96–98 (1994).
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K. Krzempek, J. Sotor, and K. Abramski, “Compact all-fiber figure-9 dissipative soliton resonance mode-locked double-clad Er:Yb laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(21), 4995–4998 (2016).
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Photonics Res. (1)

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. Yang, Y. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).

Phys. Lett. A (1)

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372(17), 3124–3128 (2008).

Phys. Rev. A (2)

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, and S. Wabnitz, “Dynamics of the transition from polarization disorder to antiphase polarization domains in vector fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063812 (2014).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 80(5), 052302 (2009).

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics (1)

M. Haelterman and A. P. Sheppard, “Bifurcations of the dark soliton and polarization domain walls in nonlinear dispersive media,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 49(5), 4512–4518 (1994).
[PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[PubMed]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Scheme of the experimental setup. OC: optical coupler; WDM: wavelength division multiplexer; PC: polarization controller; PD-ISO: polarization-dependent isolator; TDF: thulium-doped fiber; HNLF: high nonlinear fiber; SMF: single mode fiber; PMF: polarization-maintaining fiber.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Dual-wavelength DSRs operation for the pumping power of 1.1 W. (a) Spectrum; (b) corresponding pulse train.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Dual-wavelength DSRs operation under different pumping power. (a) Spectrum; (b) corresponding temporal trace.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Dual-wavelength DSRs operation. (a) Average output power and pulse energy in function of pumping power; (b) RF spectrum over a 10 kHz span at the fundamental repetition frequency for the maximum pumping power of 2.2 W (inset: autocorrelation trace for a 160 ps scan range); (c) pulse duration and peak power in function of pumping power; (d) RF spectrum over a 0.4 GHz span.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Polarization-resolved measurement of dual-wavelength DSRs operation. (a) Spectrum of the horizontal axis; (b) corresponding temporal trace of the horizontal axis; (c) spectrum of the vertical axis; (d) corresponding temporal trace of the vertical axis.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Polarization-resolved measurement of dual-wavelength DSRs operation. (a) Pulse duration plotted in function of pumping power; (b) relatively peak power plotted in function of pumping power.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Dual-wavelength DWSs operation. (a) Polarization-resolved spectrum of the two orthogonal polarization axes; (b) DW dark pulses at the initial laser output and the domains of the two orthogonal polarization axes; (c) RF spectrum over a 1 GHz span at the initial laser output; (d) RF spectrum over a 10 kHz span at the fundamental repetition frequency at the initial laser output.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Dual-wavelength DWSs operation. (a) Polarization-resolved spectrum of the two orthogonal polarization axes; (b) DW bright-dark pulse pairs at the initial laser output and the domains of the two orthogonal polarization axes; (c) RF spectrum over a 1 GHz span at the initial laser output; (d) RF spectrum over a 10 kHz span at the fundamental repetition frequency at the initial laser output.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Dual-wavelength DWSs operation. (a) Polarization-resolved spectrum of the two orthogonal polarization axes; (b) DW bright-dark pulse pairs at the initial laser output and the domains of the two orthogonal polarization axes; (c) RF spectrum over a 1 GHz span at the initial laser output; (d) RF spectrum over a 10 kHz span at the fundamental repetition frequency at the initial laser output.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Dual-wavelength DWSs operation. (a) Polarization-resolved spectrum of the two orthogonal polarization axes; (b) DW bright-dark pulse pairs at the initial laser output and the domains of the two orthogonal polarization axes; (c) details of the DW bright-dark pulse pairs; (d) RF spectrum over a 10 kHz span at the fundamental repetition frequency at the initial laser output; (e) RF spectrum over a 1 GHz span at the initial laser output.

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