Abstract

We present a dual-polarization O-band silicon photonic (SiP) transmitter for intra-datacenter optical interconnects. The transmitter is built using two identical O-band traveling wave Mach-Zehnder modulators with an average VπL and a bandwidth at 1.5 V bias voltage of 2.88 V.cm and 24.5 GHz, respectively. We experimentally demonstrate the transmitter in a Stokes vector direct-detection (SV-DD) system for dual-polarization intensity modulated signals with 2-level and 4-level pulse amplitude modulation (DP-PAM2 and DP-PAM4) formats. The direct-detection Stokes vector receiver (DD-SVR) followed by offline digital signal processing (DSP) is implemented for SOP de-rotation. We characterize the performance of the SV-DD system versus number of taps, received signal power, state of polarization (SOP), reach, and bit rate. Results reveal that 112 Gb/s DP-PAM2 can be transmitted over 10 km of single mode fiber (SMF) at a bit error rate (BER) below 10−5 at −1 dBm received signal power irrespective of the SOP. Moreover, a 168 Gb/s (42 Gbaud) DP-PAM4 signal can be transmitted over 2 km and 10 km at a BER below the 7% hard-decision forward error correction (HD-FEC) threshold (i.e., 3.8 × 10−3) at 0 dBm and 2 dBm, respectively. Furthermore, 224 Gb/s and 200 Gb/s DP-PAM4 are successfully received at a BER below the HD-FEC in the back-to-back and 2 km cases, respectively. Finally, we compare the performance of the 6 × 2 multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) equalization to a simpler 4 × 2 MIMO equalization and explain the superior performance of the 6 × 2 in the presence of SVR imperfections.

© 2017 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (1)

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

P. Dong, X. Chen, K. Kim, S. Chandrasekhar, Y.-K. Chen, and J. H. Sinsky, “128-Gb/s 100-km transmission with direct detection using silicon photonic stokes vector receiver and I/Q modulator,” Opt. Express 24(13), 14208–14214 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A silicon photonic PAM-4 modulator based on dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(1), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “224-Gb/s 10-km transmission of PDM PAM-4 at 1.3 μm using a single intensity-modulated laser and a direct-detection MIMO DSP-based receiver,” J. Lightw. Technol. 33(7), 1417–1424 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

Agrawal, A.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Anderson, F. G.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Azemati, S.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Baehr-Jones, T.

Baks, C. W.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Barwicz, T.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Bernier, eric

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and eric Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.
[Crossref]

Buhl, Lawrence L.

Caverley, M.

M. A. Guillén-Torres, M. Caverley, E. Cretu, N. A. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, Large-area, high-Q SOI ring resonators, in Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 336–337.

Celo, D.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and eric Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.
[Crossref]

Chagnon, M.

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “224-Gb/s 10-km transmission of PDM PAM-4 at 1.3 μm using a single intensity-modulated laser and a direct-detection MIMO DSP-based receiver,” J. Lightw. Technol. 33(7), 1417–1424 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, J.-F. Gagné, Y. Painchaud, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “Experimental study of 112 Gb/s short reach transmission employing PAM formats and SiP intensity modulator at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21018–21036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “1λ× 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

E. Elfiky, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Osman, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, and D. V. Plant, “Dual polarization O-band silicon photonic intensity modulator for stokes vector direct detection systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

Che, D.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “Stokes vector direct detection for short-reach optical communication,” Opt. Lett. 39(11), 3110–3113 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.7.

Cheben, P.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with −0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Chen, X.

Chen, Y.-K.

Chrostowski, L.

M. A. Guillén-Torres, M. Caverley, E. Cretu, N. A. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, Large-area, high-Q SOI ring resonators, in Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 336–337.

Cretu, E.

M. A. Guillén-Torres, M. Caverley, E. Cretu, N. A. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, Large-area, high-Q SOI ring resonators, in Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 336–337.

Cunningham, J. E.

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Dong, P.

Dumais, P.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and eric Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.
[Crossref]

Elfiky, E.

E. Elfiky, A. Samani, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A high extinction ratio, broadband, and compact polarization beam splitter enabled by cascaded MMIs on silicon-on-insulator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.8.
[Crossref]

E. Elfiky, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Osman, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, and D. V. Plant, “Dual polarization O-band silicon photonic intensity modulator for stokes vector direct detection systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

El-Fiky, E.

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A silicon photonic PAM-4 modulator based on dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(1), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ellis-Monaghan, J.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Feilchenfeld, N. B.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Fu, H.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and eric Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.
[Crossref]

Gagné, J.-F.

Galland, C.

Geng, D.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and eric Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.
[Crossref]

Ghosh, S.

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gill, D. M.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Givehchi, M.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Goodwill, D.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and eric Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.
[Crossref]

Green, W. M. J.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Guillén-Torres, M. A.

M. A. Guillén-Torres, M. Caverley, E. Cretu, N. A. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, Large-area, high-Q SOI ring resonators, in Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 336–337.

Guy, M.

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with −0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.
[Crossref]

Haensch, W.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Haykin, S.

S. Haykin, Adaptive Filter Theory (Pearson2008).

Hochberg, M.

Hofrichter, J.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Horst, F.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Hu, Q.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “Stokes vector direct detection for short-reach optical communication,” Opt. Lett. 39(11), 3110–3113 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.7.

hyoung Lee, J.

Jaeger, N. A.

M. A. Guillén-Torres, M. Caverley, E. Cretu, N. A. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, Large-area, high-Q SOI ring resonators, in Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 336–337.

Janz, S.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with −0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.
[Crossref]

Jiang, J.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and eric Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.
[Crossref]

Khater, M.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Kiewra, E.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Lapointe, J.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with −0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.
[Crossref]

Larouche, C.

M.-J. Picard, Y. Painchaud, C. Latrasse, C. Larouche, F. Pelletier, and M. Poulin, “Novel spot-size converter for optical fiber to sub-μm silicon waveguide coupling with low loss, low wavelength dependence and high tolerance to alignment,” in “Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC),” (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Latrasse, C.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, J.-F. Gagné, Y. Painchaud, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “Experimental study of 112 Gb/s short reach transmission employing PAM formats and SiP intensity modulator at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21018–21036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.-J. Picard, Y. Painchaud, C. Latrasse, C. Larouche, F. Pelletier, and M. Poulin, “Novel spot-size converter for optical fiber to sub-μm silicon waveguide coupling with low loss, low wavelength dependence and high tolerance to alignment,” in “Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC),” (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Lessard, S.

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “224-Gb/s 10-km transmission of PDM PAM-4 at 1.3 μm using a single intensity-modulated laser and a direct-detection MIMO DSP-based receiver,” J. Lightw. Technol. 33(7), 1417–1424 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, J.-F. Gagné, Y. Painchaud, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “Experimental study of 112 Gb/s short reach transmission employing PAM formats and SiP intensity modulator at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21018–21036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “1λ× 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Li, A.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “Stokes vector direct detection for short-reach optical communication,” Opt. Lett. 39(11), 3110–3113 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.7.

Li, G.

Li, M.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and eric Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.
[Crossref]

Libsch, F.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Lim, A. E.-J.

Lo, G.-Q.

Luo, Y.

Martin, Y.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

McBrien, G.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Meghelli, M.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Mekis, A.

Mikkelsen, B.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Morsy-Osman, M.

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “224-Gb/s 10-km transmission of PDM PAM-4 at 1.3 μm using a single intensity-modulated laser and a direct-detection MIMO DSP-based receiver,” J. Lightw. Technol. 33(7), 1417–1424 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “1λ× 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Nielsen, T.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Offrein, B.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Orcutt, J. S.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Osman, M.

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, J.-F. Gagné, Y. Painchaud, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “Experimental study of 112 Gb/s short reach transmission employing PAM formats and SiP intensity modulator at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21018–21036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Elfiky, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Osman, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, and D. V. Plant, “Dual polarization O-band silicon photonic intensity modulator for stokes vector direct detection systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Painchaud, Y.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, J.-F. Gagné, Y. Painchaud, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “Experimental study of 112 Gb/s short reach transmission employing PAM formats and SiP intensity modulator at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21018–21036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.-J. Picard, Y. Painchaud, C. Latrasse, C. Larouche, F. Pelletier, and M. Poulin, “Novel spot-size converter for optical fiber to sub-μm silicon waveguide coupling with low loss, low wavelength dependence and high tolerance to alignment,” in “Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC),” (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with −0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.
[Crossref]

Paquet, C.

Park, S. Y.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Patel, D.

A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A silicon photonic PAM-4 modulator based on dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(1), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Elfiky, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Osman, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, and D. V. Plant, “Dual polarization O-band silicon photonic intensity modulator for stokes vector direct detection systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

E. Elfiky, A. Samani, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A high extinction ratio, broadband, and compact polarization beam splitter enabled by cascaded MMIs on silicon-on-insulator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.8.
[Crossref]

Pelletier, F.

M.-J. Picard, Y. Painchaud, C. Latrasse, C. Larouche, F. Pelletier, and M. Poulin, “Novel spot-size converter for optical fiber to sub-μm silicon waveguide coupling with low loss, low wavelength dependence and high tolerance to alignment,” in “Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC),” (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Picard, M.-J.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.-J. Picard, Y. Painchaud, C. Latrasse, C. Larouche, F. Pelletier, and M. Poulin, “Novel spot-size converter for optical fiber to sub-μm silicon waveguide coupling with low loss, low wavelength dependence and high tolerance to alignment,” in “Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC),” (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with −0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.
[Crossref]

Plant, D.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, J.-F. Gagné, Y. Painchaud, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “Experimental study of 112 Gb/s short reach transmission employing PAM formats and SiP intensity modulator at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21018–21036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “1λ× 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Plant, D. V.

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A silicon photonic PAM-4 modulator based on dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(1), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “224-Gb/s 10-km transmission of PDM PAM-4 at 1.3 μm using a single intensity-modulated laser and a direct-detection MIMO DSP-based receiver,” J. Lightw. Technol. 33(7), 1417–1424 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Elfiky, A. Samani, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A high extinction ratio, broadband, and compact polarization beam splitter enabled by cascaded MMIs on silicon-on-insulator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.8.
[Crossref]

E. Elfiky, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Osman, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, and D. V. Plant, “Dual polarization O-band silicon photonic intensity modulator for stokes vector direct detection systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Poulin, M.

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “224-Gb/s 10-km transmission of PDM PAM-4 at 1.3 μm using a single intensity-modulated laser and a direct-detection MIMO DSP-based receiver,” J. Lightw. Technol. 33(7), 1417–1424 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, J.-F. Gagné, Y. Painchaud, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “Experimental study of 112 Gb/s short reach transmission employing PAM formats and SiP intensity modulator at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21018–21036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with −0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.
[Crossref]

M.-J. Picard, Y. Painchaud, C. Latrasse, C. Larouche, F. Pelletier, and M. Poulin, “Novel spot-size converter for optical fiber to sub-μm silicon waveguide coupling with low loss, low wavelength dependence and high tolerance to alignment,” in “Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC),” (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “1λ× 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Proesel, J.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Rahim, M.

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with −0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.
[Crossref]

Raj, K.

Rasmussen, C.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Rosenberg, J. C.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Sacher, W. D.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Samani, A.

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A silicon photonic PAM-4 modulator based on dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(1), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Elfiky, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Osman, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, and D. V. Plant, “Dual polarization O-band silicon photonic intensity modulator for stokes vector direct detection systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

E. Elfiky, A. Samani, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A high extinction ratio, broadband, and compact polarization beam splitter enabled by cascaded MMIs on silicon-on-insulator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.8.
[Crossref]

Schmid, J. H.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with −0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.
[Crossref]

Shieh, W.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “Stokes vector direct detection for short-reach optical communication,” Opt. Lett. 39(11), 3110–3113 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.7.

Shubin, I.

Sinsky, J. H.

Sowailem, M.

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Elfiky, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Osman, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, and D. V. Plant, “Dual polarization O-band silicon photonic intensity modulator for stokes vector direct detection systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

Stricker, A. D.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Stulz, S.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Thacker, H.

Tu, X.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and eric Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.
[Crossref]

Vachon, M.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with −0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.
[Crossref]

Veerasubramanian, V.

A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A silicon photonic PAM-4 modulator based on dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(1), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vermeulen, D.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Wang, S.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with −0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “Stokes vector direct detection for short-reach optical communication,” Opt. Lett. 39(11), 3110–3113 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.7.

Wei, Y.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and eric Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.
[Crossref]

Xie, Chongjin

Xiong, C.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

Xu, D.-X.

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with −0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.
[Crossref]

Xu, X.-M.

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

Yang, S.

Yao, J.

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, F.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and eric Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.
[Crossref]

Zheng, X.

Zhong, Q.

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (2)

A. Samani, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, S. Ghosh, M. Osman, Q. Zhong, and D. V. Plant, “A low-voltage 35-GHz silicon photonic modulator-enabled 112-Gb/s transmission system,” IEEE Photon. J. 7(3), 1–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, E. El-Fiky, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A silicon photonic PAM-4 modulator based on dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder interferometers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(1), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. El-Fiky, M. Chagnon, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. V. Plant, “168 Gb/s single carrier PAM4 transmission for intra data center optical interconnects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 29(3), 314–317, (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “224-Gb/s 10-km transmission of PDM PAM-4 at 1.3 μm using a single intensity-modulated laser and a direct-detection MIMO DSP-based receiver,” J. Lightw. Technol. 33(7), 1417–1424 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. hyoung Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12035–12039 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, S. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, C. Galland, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A compact and low loss Y-junction for submicron silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 21(1), 1310–1316 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dong, Chongjin Xie, and Lawrence L. Buhl, “Monolithic polarization diversity coherent receiver based on 120-degree optical hybrids on silicon,” Opt. Express 22(2), 2119–2125 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, J.-F. Gagné, Y. Painchaud, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “Experimental study of 112 Gb/s short reach transmission employing PAM formats and SiP intensity modulator at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21018–21036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Patel, S. Ghosh, M. Chagnon, A. Samani, V. Veerasubramanian, M. Osman, and D. V. Plant, “Design, analysis, and transmission system performance of a 41 GHz silicon photonic modulator,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14263–14287 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, and M.-J. Picard, “Broadband polarization independent nanophotonic coupler for silicon waveguides with ultra-high efficiency,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22553–22563 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dong, X. Chen, K. Kim, S. Chandrasekhar, Y.-K. Chen, and J. H. Sinsky, “128-Gb/s 100-km transmission with direct detection using silicon photonic stokes vector receiver and I/Q modulator,” Opt. Express 24(13), 14208–14214 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (16)

J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, M. Rahim, S. Wang, D.-X. Xu, M. Vachon, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, Y. Painchaud, M.-J. Picard, M. Poulin, and M. Guy, “Subwavelength gratings for broadband and polarization independent fiber-chip coupling with −0.4 db efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2I.4.
[Crossref]

M. A. Guillén-Torres, M. Caverley, E. Cretu, N. A. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, Large-area, high-Q SOI ring resonators, in Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 336–337.

S. Haykin, Adaptive Filter Theory (Pearson2008).

M.-J. Picard, Y. Painchaud, C. Latrasse, C. Larouche, F. Pelletier, and M. Poulin, “Novel spot-size converter for optical fiber to sub-μm silicon waveguide coupling with low loss, low wavelength dependence and high tolerance to alignment,” in “Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC),” (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

J. S. Orcutt, D. M. Gill, J. Proesel, J. Ellis-Monaghan, F. Horst, T. Barwicz, C. Xiong, F. G. Anderson, A. Agrawal, Y. Martin, C. W. Baks, M. Khater, J. C. Rosenberg, W. D. Sacher, J. Hofrichter, E. Kiewra, A. D. Stricker, F. Libsch, B. Offrein, M. Meghelli, N. B. Feilchenfeld, W. Haensch, and W. M. J. Green, “Monolithic silicon photonics at 25 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), Th3H.1.
[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X.-M. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.1.

E. Elfiky, M. Sowailem, A. Samani, M. Osman, D. Patel, M. Chagnon, and D. V. Plant, “Dual polarization O-band silicon photonic intensity modulator for stokes vector direct detection systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu2H.5.
[Crossref]

“Cisco Global Cloud Index: Forecast and Methodology, 2015–2020,” White Paper-c11-738085, 2016, http://www.cisco.com/c/dam/en/us/solutions/collateral/service-provider/global-cloud-index-gci/white-paper-c11-738085.pdf .

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“IEEE P802.3bs 200 Gb/s and 400 Gb/s Ethernet Task Force,” http://www.ieee802.org/3/bs/index.html .

“IEEE P802.3bs Baseline Summary,” http://www.ieee802.org/3/bs/baseline_3bs_0715.pdf .

“Ethernet alliance roadmap,” http://www.ethernetalliance.org/roadmap .

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5C.7.

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “1λ× 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

P. Dumais, Y. Wei, M. Li, F. Zhao, X. Tu, J. Jiang, D. Celo, D. Goodwill, H. Fu, D. Geng, and eric Bernier, “2×2 multimode interference coupler with low loss using 248 nm photolithography,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.19.
[Crossref]

E. Elfiky, A. Samani, D. Patel, and D. V. Plant, “A high extinction ratio, broadband, and compact polarization beam splitter enabled by cascaded MMIs on silicon-on-insulator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W2A.8.
[Crossref]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Layout schematic for the SiP transmitter, and (b) micrograph of the die wirebonded to a chip carrier mounted on a PCB board.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) and (b) Transmission spectra for upper modulator diodes, (c) phase shift versus bias voltage for upper modulator diodes, (d) and (e) transmission spectra for lower modulator diodes, and (f) phase shift versus bias voltage for lower modulator diodes
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) EO S21 for the upper modulator, (b) EO S21 for the lower modulator, and (c) EE S11 for both modulators at 1.5 V.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental setup used to test the SiP modulator. DAC: digital to analog converter, TDL: tunable delay line, BOA: booster optical amplifier, VODL: variable optical delay line, PBC: polarization beam combiner, PC: polarization controller, VOA: variable optical attenuator, PBS: polarization beam splitter, RTO: real time oscilloscope.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 LMS convergence for the 168 Gb/s DP-PAM4 signal in the B2B case for (a) different LMS step size values and (b) different number of taps.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 BER and SNR performance for the 112 Gb/s DP-PAM2 signal versus received power for the B2B case at different SOPs (a–b) and over different reaches at random SOP (c–d).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 BER and SNR performance for the 168 Gb/s DP-PAM4 signal versus received power for the B2B case at different SOPs (a–b) and random SOP over different reaches (c–d).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Eye diagrams for PAM2 and PAM4 modulation formats obtained after receiver DSP at different bit rates and reaches.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) BER versus bit rate for PAM2 and PAM4 modulation formats for B2B, 2 km, and 10 km reaches, and (b) BER versus bit rate for PAM4 modulation format using 6 × 2 and 4 × 2 MIMO.

Equations (2)

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[ | E x ^ | 2 | E y ^ | 2 ] = [ h 11 h 21 h 31 h 41 h 51 h 61 h 12 h 22 h 32 h 42 h 52 h 62 ] [ | E x r | 2 | E y r | 2 S 2 p r S 2 n r S 3 p r S 3 n r ]
[ | E x ^ | 2 | E y ^ | 2 ] = [ h 11 h 21 h 31 h 41 h 12 h 22 h 32 h 42 ] [ | E x r | 2 | E y r | 2 S 2 r S 3 r ]

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