Abstract

We use numerical simulations to study the effects of nanowire geometry on the emission spectra of nanowire-based lasers. The studied nanowire lasers are made from gallium-nitride and the simulations are performed using finite difference time domain method. We show that changes in the diameter of the nanowire lasers also change the effective refractive index of their optical guided modes, which allows control over their Fabry–Perot spectrum. In addition, we show that evanescent coupling of two vertically standing nanowire lasers, having different cross section sizes, leads to a Vernier effect, which results in single mode emission from the small footprint coupled lasers system.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

B. M. Rey, R. Elnathan, R. Ditcovski, K. Geisel, M. Zanini, M.-A. Fernandez-Rodriguez, V. V. Naik, A. Frutiger, W. Richtering, T. Ellenbogen, N. H. Voelcker, and L. Isa, “Fully tunable silicon nanowire arrays fabricated by soft nanoparticle templating,” Nano Lett. 16(1), 157–163 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

C. Couteau, A. Larrue, C. Wilhelm, and C. Soci, “Nanowire lasers,” Nanophotonics 4(1), 90–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

J. B. Wright, S. Campione, S. Liu, J. A. Martinez, H. Xu, T. S. Luk, Q. Li, G. T. Wang, B. S. Swartzentruber, L. F. Lester, and I. Brener, “Distributed feedback gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041107 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

H. Gao, A. Fu, S. C. Andrews, and P. Yang, “Cleaved-coupled nanowire lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(3), 865–869 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Optically pumped room-temperature GaAs nanowire lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 963–968 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Mayer, D. Rudolph, J. Schnell, S. Morkötter, J. Winnerl, J. Treu, K. Müller, G. Bracher, G. Abstreiter, G. Koblmüller, and J. J. Finley, “Lasing from individual GaAs-AlGaAs core-shell nanowires up to room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2931–2939 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, X. Guo, X. Wu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Semiconductor nanowire lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(3), 216–273 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, A. Hurtado, Q. Li, T.-S. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, G. Balakrishnan, L. F. Lester, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Gold substrate-induced single-mode lasing of GaN nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, J. B. Wright, W. W. Chow, T. S. Luk, I. Brener, L. F. Lester, and G. T. Wang, “Single-mode GaN nanowire lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17873–17879 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Z. Ning, “Semiconductor nanowire lasers,” Semicond. Semimet. 86, 455–486 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, T. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, L. F. Lester, G. T. Wang, I. Brener, and Q. Li, “Single-mode lasing of GaN nanowire-pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(11), 113106 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chu, G. Wang, W. Zhou, Y. Lin, L. Chernyak, J. Zhao, J. Kong, L. Li, J. Ren, and J. Liu, “Electrically pumped waveguide lasing from ZnO nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 506–510 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Chen, T.-T. D. Tran, K. W. Ng, W. S. Ko, L. C. Chuang, F. G. Sedgwick, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Nanolasers grown on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 1–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, X. Wu, and L. Tong, “Single mode lasing in coupled nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023109 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Seo, M. Wober, P. Steinvurzel, E. Schonbrun, Y. Dan, T. Ellenbogen, and K. B. Crozier, “Multicolored vertical silicon nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1851–1856 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

P. Yang, R. Yan, and M. Fardy, “Semiconductor nanowire: what’s next?” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1529–1536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

R. Yan, D. Gargas, and P. Yang, “Nanowire photonics,” Nat. Photonics 3(10), 569–576 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. J. Gargas, M. E. Toimil-Molares, and P. Yang, “Imaging single ZnO vertical nanowire laser cavities using UV-laser scanning confocal microscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(6), 2125–2127 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

M. Zimmler, J. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Müller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Xu, Y. Wei, M. Kirkham, J. Liu, W. Mai, D. Davidovic, R. L. Snyder, and Z. L. Wang, “Patterned growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanowire arrays on inorganic substrates at low temperature without catalyst,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(45), 14958–14959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

S. Gradečak, F. Qian, Y. Li, H.-G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “GaN nanowire lasers with low lasing thresholds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(17), 173111 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

A. V Maslov and C. Z. Ning, “Modal gain in a semiconductor nanowire laser with anisotropic bandstructure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1389–1397 (2004).

S. H. Chang and A. Taflove, “Finite-difference time-domain model of lasing action in a four-level two-electron atomic system,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3827–3833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, C. M. C. M. Lieber, and C. G. Fast, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421(6920), 241–245 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Maslov and C. Z. Ning, “Reflection of guided modes in a semiconductor nanowire laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1237–1239 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abstreiter, G.

B. Mayer, D. Rudolph, J. Schnell, S. Morkötter, J. Winnerl, J. Treu, K. Müller, G. Bracher, G. Abstreiter, G. Koblmüller, and J. J. Finley, “Lasing from individual GaAs-AlGaAs core-shell nanowires up to room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2931–2939 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Agarwal, R.

X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, C. M. C. M. Lieber, and C. G. Fast, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421(6920), 241–245 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andrews, S. C.

H. Gao, A. Fu, S. C. Andrews, and P. Yang, “Cleaved-coupled nanowire lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(3), 865–869 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balakrishnan, G.

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, A. Hurtado, Q. Li, T.-S. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, G. Balakrishnan, L. F. Lester, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Gold substrate-induced single-mode lasing of GaN nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bao, J.

M. Zimmler, J. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Müller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bracher, G.

B. Mayer, D. Rudolph, J. Schnell, S. Morkötter, J. Winnerl, J. Treu, K. Müller, G. Bracher, G. Abstreiter, G. Koblmüller, and J. J. Finley, “Lasing from individual GaAs-AlGaAs core-shell nanowires up to room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2931–2939 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brener, I.

J. B. Wright, S. Campione, S. Liu, J. A. Martinez, H. Xu, T. S. Luk, Q. Li, G. T. Wang, B. S. Swartzentruber, L. F. Lester, and I. Brener, “Distributed feedback gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041107 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, T. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, L. F. Lester, G. T. Wang, I. Brener, and Q. Li, “Single-mode lasing of GaN nanowire-pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(11), 113106 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, A. Hurtado, Q. Li, T.-S. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, G. Balakrishnan, L. F. Lester, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Gold substrate-induced single-mode lasing of GaN nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, J. B. Wright, W. W. Chow, T. S. Luk, I. Brener, L. F. Lester, and G. T. Wang, “Single-mode GaN nanowire lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17873–17879 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Campione, S.

J. B. Wright, S. Campione, S. Liu, J. A. Martinez, H. Xu, T. S. Luk, Q. Li, G. T. Wang, B. S. Swartzentruber, L. F. Lester, and I. Brener, “Distributed feedback gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

M. Zimmler, J. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Müller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chang, S. H.

Chang-Hasnain, C.

R. Chen, T.-T. D. Tran, K. W. Ng, W. S. Ko, L. C. Chuang, F. G. Sedgwick, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Nanolasers grown on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 1–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, R.

R. Chen, T.-T. D. Tran, K. W. Ng, W. S. Ko, L. C. Chuang, F. G. Sedgwick, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Nanolasers grown on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 1–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chernyak, L.

S. Chu, G. Wang, W. Zhou, Y. Lin, L. Chernyak, J. Zhao, J. Kong, L. Li, J. Ren, and J. Liu, “Electrically pumped waveguide lasing from ZnO nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 506–510 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chow, W. W.

Chu, S.

S. Chu, G. Wang, W. Zhou, Y. Lin, L. Chernyak, J. Zhao, J. Kong, L. Li, J. Ren, and J. Liu, “Electrically pumped waveguide lasing from ZnO nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 506–510 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chuang, L. C.

R. Chen, T.-T. D. Tran, K. W. Ng, W. S. Ko, L. C. Chuang, F. G. Sedgwick, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Nanolasers grown on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 1–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

Couteau, C.

C. Couteau, A. Larrue, C. Wilhelm, and C. Soci, “Nanowire lasers,” Nanophotonics 4(1), 90–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cross, K.

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, T. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, L. F. Lester, G. T. Wang, I. Brener, and Q. Li, “Single-mode lasing of GaN nanowire-pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(11), 113106 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, A. Hurtado, Q. Li, T.-S. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, G. Balakrishnan, L. F. Lester, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Gold substrate-induced single-mode lasing of GaN nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Crozier, K. B.

K. Seo, M. Wober, P. Steinvurzel, E. Schonbrun, Y. Dan, T. Ellenbogen, and K. B. Crozier, “Multicolored vertical silicon nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1851–1856 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, L.

Y. Ma, X. Guo, X. Wu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Semiconductor nanowire lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(3), 216–273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dan, Y.

K. Seo, M. Wober, P. Steinvurzel, E. Schonbrun, Y. Dan, T. Ellenbogen, and K. B. Crozier, “Multicolored vertical silicon nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1851–1856 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davidovic, D.

S. Xu, Y. Wei, M. Kirkham, J. Liu, W. Mai, D. Davidovic, R. L. Snyder, and Z. L. Wang, “Patterned growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanowire arrays on inorganic substrates at low temperature without catalyst,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(45), 14958–14959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dawson, M. D.

A. Hurtado, D. Jevtics, B. Guilhabert, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and M. D. Dawson, “Novel nanoscale transfer printing technique for precise positioning of nanowire lasers‏,” SPIE Newsroom (2017).

Ditcovski, R.

B. M. Rey, R. Elnathan, R. Ditcovski, K. Geisel, M. Zanini, M.-A. Fernandez-Rodriguez, V. V. Naik, A. Frutiger, W. Richtering, T. Ellenbogen, N. H. Voelcker, and L. Isa, “Fully tunable silicon nanowire arrays fabricated by soft nanoparticle templating,” Nano Lett. 16(1), 157–163 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, X.

X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, C. M. C. M. Lieber, and C. G. Fast, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421(6920), 241–245 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ellenbogen, T.

B. M. Rey, R. Elnathan, R. Ditcovski, K. Geisel, M. Zanini, M.-A. Fernandez-Rodriguez, V. V. Naik, A. Frutiger, W. Richtering, T. Ellenbogen, N. H. Voelcker, and L. Isa, “Fully tunable silicon nanowire arrays fabricated by soft nanoparticle templating,” Nano Lett. 16(1), 157–163 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Seo, M. Wober, P. Steinvurzel, E. Schonbrun, Y. Dan, T. Ellenbogen, and K. B. Crozier, “Multicolored vertical silicon nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1851–1856 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elnathan, R.

B. M. Rey, R. Elnathan, R. Ditcovski, K. Geisel, M. Zanini, M.-A. Fernandez-Rodriguez, V. V. Naik, A. Frutiger, W. Richtering, T. Ellenbogen, N. H. Voelcker, and L. Isa, “Fully tunable silicon nanowire arrays fabricated by soft nanoparticle templating,” Nano Lett. 16(1), 157–163 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fardy, M.

P. Yang, R. Yan, and M. Fardy, “Semiconductor nanowire: what’s next?” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1529–1536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fast, C. G.

X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, C. M. C. M. Lieber, and C. G. Fast, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421(6920), 241–245 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feick, H.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fernandez-Rodriguez, M.-A.

B. M. Rey, R. Elnathan, R. Ditcovski, K. Geisel, M. Zanini, M.-A. Fernandez-Rodriguez, V. V. Naik, A. Frutiger, W. Richtering, T. Ellenbogen, N. H. Voelcker, and L. Isa, “Fully tunable silicon nanowire arrays fabricated by soft nanoparticle templating,” Nano Lett. 16(1), 157–163 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Figiel, J. J.

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, T. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, L. F. Lester, G. T. Wang, I. Brener, and Q. Li, “Single-mode lasing of GaN nanowire-pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(11), 113106 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, A. Hurtado, Q. Li, T.-S. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, G. Balakrishnan, L. F. Lester, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Gold substrate-induced single-mode lasing of GaN nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Finley, J. J.

B. Mayer, D. Rudolph, J. Schnell, S. Morkötter, J. Winnerl, J. Treu, K. Müller, G. Bracher, G. Abstreiter, G. Koblmüller, and J. J. Finley, “Lasing from individual GaAs-AlGaAs core-shell nanowires up to room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2931–2939 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frutiger, A.

B. M. Rey, R. Elnathan, R. Ditcovski, K. Geisel, M. Zanini, M.-A. Fernandez-Rodriguez, V. V. Naik, A. Frutiger, W. Richtering, T. Ellenbogen, N. H. Voelcker, and L. Isa, “Fully tunable silicon nanowire arrays fabricated by soft nanoparticle templating,” Nano Lett. 16(1), 157–163 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, A.

H. Gao, A. Fu, S. C. Andrews, and P. Yang, “Cleaved-coupled nanowire lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(3), 865–869 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, H.

H. Gao, A. Fu, S. C. Andrews, and P. Yang, “Cleaved-coupled nanowire lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(3), 865–869 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, Q.

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Optically pumped room-temperature GaAs nanowire lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 963–968 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Hurtado, D. Jevtics, B. Guilhabert, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and M. D. Dawson, “Novel nanoscale transfer printing technique for precise positioning of nanowire lasers‏,” SPIE Newsroom (2017).

Gargas, D.

R. Yan, D. Gargas, and P. Yang, “Nanowire photonics,” Nat. Photonics 3(10), 569–576 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gargas, D. J.

D. J. Gargas, M. E. Toimil-Molares, and P. Yang, “Imaging single ZnO vertical nanowire laser cavities using UV-laser scanning confocal microscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(6), 2125–2127 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geisel, K.

B. M. Rey, R. Elnathan, R. Ditcovski, K. Geisel, M. Zanini, M.-A. Fernandez-Rodriguez, V. V. Naik, A. Frutiger, W. Richtering, T. Ellenbogen, N. H. Voelcker, and L. Isa, “Fully tunable silicon nanowire arrays fabricated by soft nanoparticle templating,” Nano Lett. 16(1), 157–163 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gradecak, S.

S. Gradečak, F. Qian, Y. Li, H.-G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “GaN nanowire lasers with low lasing thresholds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(17), 173111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gu, F.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guilhabert, B.

A. Hurtado, D. Jevtics, B. Guilhabert, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and M. D. Dawson, “Novel nanoscale transfer printing technique for precise positioning of nanowire lasers‏,” SPIE Newsroom (2017).

Guo, X.

Y. Ma, X. Guo, X. Wu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Semiconductor nanowire lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(3), 216–273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, M. H.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.

X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, C. M. C. M. Lieber, and C. G. Fast, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421(6920), 241–245 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hurtado, A.

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, A. Hurtado, Q. Li, T.-S. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, G. Balakrishnan, L. F. Lester, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Gold substrate-induced single-mode lasing of GaN nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221114 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Hurtado, D. Jevtics, B. Guilhabert, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and M. D. Dawson, “Novel nanoscale transfer printing technique for precise positioning of nanowire lasers‏,” SPIE Newsroom (2017).

Isa, L.

B. M. Rey, R. Elnathan, R. Ditcovski, K. Geisel, M. Zanini, M.-A. Fernandez-Rodriguez, V. V. Naik, A. Frutiger, W. Richtering, T. Ellenbogen, N. H. Voelcker, and L. Isa, “Fully tunable silicon nanowire arrays fabricated by soft nanoparticle templating,” Nano Lett. 16(1), 157–163 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jagadish, C.

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Optically pumped room-temperature GaAs nanowire lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 963–968 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Hurtado, D. Jevtics, B. Guilhabert, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and M. D. Dawson, “Novel nanoscale transfer printing technique for precise positioning of nanowire lasers‏,” SPIE Newsroom (2017).

Jevtics, D.

A. Hurtado, D. Jevtics, B. Guilhabert, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and M. D. Dawson, “Novel nanoscale transfer printing technique for precise positioning of nanowire lasers‏,” SPIE Newsroom (2017).

Jiang, N.

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Optically pumped room-temperature GaAs nanowire lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 963–968 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kind, H.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kirkham, M.

S. Xu, Y. Wei, M. Kirkham, J. Liu, W. Mai, D. Davidovic, R. L. Snyder, and Z. L. Wang, “Patterned growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanowire arrays on inorganic substrates at low temperature without catalyst,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(45), 14958–14959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ko, W. S.

R. Chen, T.-T. D. Tran, K. W. Ng, W. S. Ko, L. C. Chuang, F. G. Sedgwick, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Nanolasers grown on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 1–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

Koblmüller, G.

B. Mayer, D. Rudolph, J. Schnell, S. Morkötter, J. Winnerl, J. Treu, K. Müller, G. Bracher, G. Abstreiter, G. Koblmüller, and J. J. Finley, “Lasing from individual GaAs-AlGaAs core-shell nanowires up to room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2931–2939 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kong, J.

S. Chu, G. Wang, W. Zhou, Y. Lin, L. Chernyak, J. Zhao, J. Kong, L. Li, J. Ren, and J. Liu, “Electrically pumped waveguide lasing from ZnO nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 506–510 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Larrue, A.

C. Couteau, A. Larrue, C. Wilhelm, and C. Soci, “Nanowire lasers,” Nanophotonics 4(1), 90–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lester, L. F.

J. B. Wright, S. Campione, S. Liu, J. A. Martinez, H. Xu, T. S. Luk, Q. Li, G. T. Wang, B. S. Swartzentruber, L. F. Lester, and I. Brener, “Distributed feedback gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041107 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, T. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, L. F. Lester, G. T. Wang, I. Brener, and Q. Li, “Single-mode lasing of GaN nanowire-pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(11), 113106 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, A. Hurtado, Q. Li, T.-S. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, G. Balakrishnan, L. F. Lester, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Gold substrate-induced single-mode lasing of GaN nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, J. B. Wright, W. W. Chow, T. S. Luk, I. Brener, L. F. Lester, and G. T. Wang, “Single-mode GaN nanowire lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17873–17879 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L.

S. Chu, G. Wang, W. Zhou, Y. Lin, L. Chernyak, J. Zhao, J. Kong, L. Li, J. Ren, and J. Liu, “Electrically pumped waveguide lasing from ZnO nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 506–510 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

J. B. Wright, S. Campione, S. Liu, J. A. Martinez, H. Xu, T. S. Luk, Q. Li, G. T. Wang, B. S. Swartzentruber, L. F. Lester, and I. Brener, “Distributed feedback gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041107 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, A. Hurtado, Q. Li, T.-S. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, G. Balakrishnan, L. F. Lester, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Gold substrate-induced single-mode lasing of GaN nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221114 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, T. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, L. F. Lester, G. T. Wang, I. Brener, and Q. Li, “Single-mode lasing of GaN nanowire-pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(11), 113106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, J. B. Wright, W. W. Chow, T. S. Luk, I. Brener, L. F. Lester, and G. T. Wang, “Single-mode GaN nanowire lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17873–17879 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

S. Gradečak, F. Qian, Y. Li, H.-G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “GaN nanowire lasers with low lasing thresholds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(17), 173111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lieber, C. M.

S. Gradečak, F. Qian, Y. Li, H.-G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “GaN nanowire lasers with low lasing thresholds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(17), 173111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lieber, C. M. C. M.

X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, C. M. C. M. Lieber, and C. G. Fast, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421(6920), 241–245 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, Y.

S. Chu, G. Wang, W. Zhou, Y. Lin, L. Chernyak, J. Zhao, J. Kong, L. Li, J. Ren, and J. Liu, “Electrically pumped waveguide lasing from ZnO nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 506–510 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

S. Chu, G. Wang, W. Zhou, Y. Lin, L. Chernyak, J. Zhao, J. Kong, L. Li, J. Ren, and J. Liu, “Electrically pumped waveguide lasing from ZnO nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 506–510 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Xu, Y. Wei, M. Kirkham, J. Liu, W. Mai, D. Davidovic, R. L. Snyder, and Z. L. Wang, “Patterned growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanowire arrays on inorganic substrates at low temperature without catalyst,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(45), 14958–14959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, S.

J. B. Wright, S. Campione, S. Liu, J. A. Martinez, H. Xu, T. S. Luk, Q. Li, G. T. Wang, B. S. Swartzentruber, L. F. Lester, and I. Brener, “Distributed feedback gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luk, T.

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, T. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, L. F. Lester, G. T. Wang, I. Brener, and Q. Li, “Single-mode lasing of GaN nanowire-pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(11), 113106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luk, T. S.

J. B. Wright, S. Campione, S. Liu, J. A. Martinez, H. Xu, T. S. Luk, Q. Li, G. T. Wang, B. S. Swartzentruber, L. F. Lester, and I. Brener, “Distributed feedback gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, J. B. Wright, W. W. Chow, T. S. Luk, I. Brener, L. F. Lester, and G. T. Wang, “Single-mode GaN nanowire lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17873–17879 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luk, T.-S.

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, A. Hurtado, Q. Li, T.-S. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, G. Balakrishnan, L. F. Lester, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Gold substrate-induced single-mode lasing of GaN nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.

Y. Ma, X. Guo, X. Wu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Semiconductor nanowire lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(3), 216–273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mai, W.

S. Xu, Y. Wei, M. Kirkham, J. Liu, W. Mai, D. Davidovic, R. L. Snyder, and Z. L. Wang, “Patterned growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanowire arrays on inorganic substrates at low temperature without catalyst,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(45), 14958–14959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mao, S.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martinez, J. A.

J. B. Wright, S. Campione, S. Liu, J. A. Martinez, H. Xu, T. S. Luk, Q. Li, G. T. Wang, B. S. Swartzentruber, L. F. Lester, and I. Brener, “Distributed feedback gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Maslov, A. V

A. V Maslov and C. Z. Ning, “Modal gain in a semiconductor nanowire laser with anisotropic bandstructure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1389–1397 (2004).

Maslov, A. V.

A. V. Maslov and C. Z. Ning, “Reflection of guided modes in a semiconductor nanowire laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1237–1239 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mayer, B.

B. Mayer, D. Rudolph, J. Schnell, S. Morkötter, J. Winnerl, J. Treu, K. Müller, G. Bracher, G. Abstreiter, G. Koblmüller, and J. J. Finley, “Lasing from individual GaAs-AlGaAs core-shell nanowires up to room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2931–2939 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meng, C.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, X. Wu, and L. Tong, “Single mode lasing in coupled nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mokkapati, S.

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Optically pumped room-temperature GaAs nanowire lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 963–968 (2013).
[Crossref]

Morkötter, S.

B. Mayer, D. Rudolph, J. Schnell, S. Morkötter, J. Winnerl, J. Treu, K. Müller, G. Bracher, G. Abstreiter, G. Koblmüller, and J. J. Finley, “Lasing from individual GaAs-AlGaAs core-shell nanowires up to room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2931–2939 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Müller, K.

B. Mayer, D. Rudolph, J. Schnell, S. Morkötter, J. Winnerl, J. Treu, K. Müller, G. Bracher, G. Abstreiter, G. Koblmüller, and J. J. Finley, “Lasing from individual GaAs-AlGaAs core-shell nanowires up to room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2931–2939 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Müller, S.

M. Zimmler, J. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Müller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
[Crossref]

Naik, V. V.

B. M. Rey, R. Elnathan, R. Ditcovski, K. Geisel, M. Zanini, M.-A. Fernandez-Rodriguez, V. V. Naik, A. Frutiger, W. Richtering, T. Ellenbogen, N. H. Voelcker, and L. Isa, “Fully tunable silicon nanowire arrays fabricated by soft nanoparticle templating,” Nano Lett. 16(1), 157–163 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ng, K. W.

R. Chen, T.-T. D. Tran, K. W. Ng, W. S. Ko, L. C. Chuang, F. G. Sedgwick, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Nanolasers grown on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 1–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ning, C. Z.

C. Z. Ning, “Semiconductor nanowire lasers,” Semicond. Semimet. 86, 455–486 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. V Maslov and C. Z. Ning, “Modal gain in a semiconductor nanowire laser with anisotropic bandstructure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1389–1397 (2004).

A. V. Maslov and C. Z. Ning, “Reflection of guided modes in a semiconductor nanowire laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1237–1239 (2003).
[Crossref]

Park, H.-G.

S. Gradečak, F. Qian, Y. Li, H.-G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “GaN nanowire lasers with low lasing thresholds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(17), 173111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Parkinson, P.

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Optically pumped room-temperature GaAs nanowire lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 963–968 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qian, F.

S. Gradečak, F. Qian, Y. Li, H.-G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “GaN nanowire lasers with low lasing thresholds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(17), 173111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ren, J.

S. Chu, G. Wang, W. Zhou, Y. Lin, L. Chernyak, J. Zhao, J. Kong, L. Li, J. Ren, and J. Liu, “Electrically pumped waveguide lasing from ZnO nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 506–510 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rey, B. M.

B. M. Rey, R. Elnathan, R. Ditcovski, K. Geisel, M. Zanini, M.-A. Fernandez-Rodriguez, V. V. Naik, A. Frutiger, W. Richtering, T. Ellenbogen, N. H. Voelcker, and L. Isa, “Fully tunable silicon nanowire arrays fabricated by soft nanoparticle templating,” Nano Lett. 16(1), 157–163 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richtering, W.

B. M. Rey, R. Elnathan, R. Ditcovski, K. Geisel, M. Zanini, M.-A. Fernandez-Rodriguez, V. V. Naik, A. Frutiger, W. Richtering, T. Ellenbogen, N. H. Voelcker, and L. Isa, “Fully tunable silicon nanowire arrays fabricated by soft nanoparticle templating,” Nano Lett. 16(1), 157–163 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ronning, C.

M. Zimmler, J. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Müller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rudolph, D.

B. Mayer, D. Rudolph, J. Schnell, S. Morkötter, J. Winnerl, J. Treu, K. Müller, G. Bracher, G. Abstreiter, G. Koblmüller, and J. J. Finley, “Lasing from individual GaAs-AlGaAs core-shell nanowires up to room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2931–2939 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Russo, R.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saxena, D.

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Optically pumped room-temperature GaAs nanowire lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 963–968 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schnell, J.

B. Mayer, D. Rudolph, J. Schnell, S. Morkötter, J. Winnerl, J. Treu, K. Müller, G. Bracher, G. Abstreiter, G. Koblmüller, and J. J. Finley, “Lasing from individual GaAs-AlGaAs core-shell nanowires up to room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2931–2939 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schonbrun, E.

K. Seo, M. Wober, P. Steinvurzel, E. Schonbrun, Y. Dan, T. Ellenbogen, and K. B. Crozier, “Multicolored vertical silicon nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1851–1856 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sedgwick, F. G.

R. Chen, T.-T. D. Tran, K. W. Ng, W. S. Ko, L. C. Chuang, F. G. Sedgwick, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Nanolasers grown on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 1–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

Seo, K.

K. Seo, M. Wober, P. Steinvurzel, E. Schonbrun, Y. Dan, T. Ellenbogen, and K. B. Crozier, “Multicolored vertical silicon nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1851–1856 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Snyder, R. L.

S. Xu, Y. Wei, M. Kirkham, J. Liu, W. Mai, D. Davidovic, R. L. Snyder, and Z. L. Wang, “Patterned growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanowire arrays on inorganic substrates at low temperature without catalyst,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(45), 14958–14959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soci, C.

C. Couteau, A. Larrue, C. Wilhelm, and C. Soci, “Nanowire lasers,” Nanophotonics 4(1), 90–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Steinvurzel, P.

K. Seo, M. Wober, P. Steinvurzel, E. Schonbrun, Y. Dan, T. Ellenbogen, and K. B. Crozier, “Multicolored vertical silicon nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1851–1856 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Swartzentruber, B. S.

J. B. Wright, S. Campione, S. Liu, J. A. Martinez, H. Xu, T. S. Luk, Q. Li, G. T. Wang, B. S. Swartzentruber, L. F. Lester, and I. Brener, “Distributed feedback gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Taflove, A.

Tan, H. H.

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Optically pumped room-temperature GaAs nanowire lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 963–968 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Hurtado, D. Jevtics, B. Guilhabert, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and M. D. Dawson, “Novel nanoscale transfer printing technique for precise positioning of nanowire lasers‏,” SPIE Newsroom (2017).

Toimil-Molares, M. E.

D. J. Gargas, M. E. Toimil-Molares, and P. Yang, “Imaging single ZnO vertical nanowire laser cavities using UV-laser scanning confocal microscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(6), 2125–2127 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tong, L.

Y. Ma, X. Guo, X. Wu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Semiconductor nanowire lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(3), 216–273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, X. Wu, and L. Tong, “Single mode lasing in coupled nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tran, T.-T. D.

R. Chen, T.-T. D. Tran, K. W. Ng, W. S. Ko, L. C. Chuang, F. G. Sedgwick, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Nanolasers grown on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 1–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

Treu, J.

B. Mayer, D. Rudolph, J. Schnell, S. Morkötter, J. Winnerl, J. Treu, K. Müller, G. Bracher, G. Abstreiter, G. Koblmüller, and J. J. Finley, “Lasing from individual GaAs-AlGaAs core-shell nanowires up to room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2931–2939 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voelcker, N. H.

B. M. Rey, R. Elnathan, R. Ditcovski, K. Geisel, M. Zanini, M.-A. Fernandez-Rodriguez, V. V. Naik, A. Frutiger, W. Richtering, T. Ellenbogen, N. H. Voelcker, and L. Isa, “Fully tunable silicon nanowire arrays fabricated by soft nanoparticle templating,” Nano Lett. 16(1), 157–163 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G.

S. Chu, G. Wang, W. Zhou, Y. Lin, L. Chernyak, J. Zhao, J. Kong, L. Li, J. Ren, and J. Liu, “Electrically pumped waveguide lasing from ZnO nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 506–510 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G. T.

J. B. Wright, S. Campione, S. Liu, J. A. Martinez, H. Xu, T. S. Luk, Q. Li, G. T. Wang, B. S. Swartzentruber, L. F. Lester, and I. Brener, “Distributed feedback gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041107 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, T. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, L. F. Lester, G. T. Wang, I. Brener, and Q. Li, “Single-mode lasing of GaN nanowire-pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(11), 113106 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, A. Hurtado, Q. Li, T.-S. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, G. Balakrishnan, L. F. Lester, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Gold substrate-induced single-mode lasing of GaN nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, J. B. Wright, W. W. Chow, T. S. Luk, I. Brener, L. F. Lester, and G. T. Wang, “Single-mode GaN nanowire lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17873–17879 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, P.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, S.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z. L.

S. Xu, Y. Wei, M. Kirkham, J. Liu, W. Mai, D. Davidovic, R. L. Snyder, and Z. L. Wang, “Patterned growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanowire arrays on inorganic substrates at low temperature without catalyst,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(45), 14958–14959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weber, E.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, Y.

S. Xu, Y. Wei, M. Kirkham, J. Liu, W. Mai, D. Davidovic, R. L. Snyder, and Z. L. Wang, “Patterned growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanowire arrays on inorganic substrates at low temperature without catalyst,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(45), 14958–14959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilhelm, C.

C. Couteau, A. Larrue, C. Wilhelm, and C. Soci, “Nanowire lasers,” Nanophotonics 4(1), 90–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Winnerl, J.

B. Mayer, D. Rudolph, J. Schnell, S. Morkötter, J. Winnerl, J. Treu, K. Müller, G. Bracher, G. Abstreiter, G. Koblmüller, and J. J. Finley, “Lasing from individual GaAs-AlGaAs core-shell nanowires up to room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2931–2939 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wober, M.

K. Seo, M. Wober, P. Steinvurzel, E. Schonbrun, Y. Dan, T. Ellenbogen, and K. B. Crozier, “Multicolored vertical silicon nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1851–1856 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wright, J. B.

J. B. Wright, S. Campione, S. Liu, J. A. Martinez, H. Xu, T. S. Luk, Q. Li, G. T. Wang, B. S. Swartzentruber, L. F. Lester, and I. Brener, “Distributed feedback gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041107 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, A. Hurtado, Q. Li, T.-S. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, G. Balakrishnan, L. F. Lester, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Gold substrate-induced single-mode lasing of GaN nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221114 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, T. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, L. F. Lester, G. T. Wang, I. Brener, and Q. Li, “Single-mode lasing of GaN nanowire-pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(11), 113106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, J. B. Wright, W. W. Chow, T. S. Luk, I. Brener, L. F. Lester, and G. T. Wang, “Single-mode GaN nanowire lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17873–17879 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, X.

Y. Ma, X. Guo, X. Wu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Semiconductor nanowire lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(3), 216–273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, X. Wu, and L. Tong, “Single mode lasing in coupled nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, Y.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, X. Wu, and L. Tong, “Single mode lasing in coupled nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

J. B. Wright, S. Campione, S. Liu, J. A. Martinez, H. Xu, T. S. Luk, Q. Li, G. T. Wang, B. S. Swartzentruber, L. F. Lester, and I. Brener, “Distributed feedback gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041107 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, T. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, L. F. Lester, G. T. Wang, I. Brener, and Q. Li, “Single-mode lasing of GaN nanowire-pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(11), 113106 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, A. Hurtado, Q. Li, T.-S. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, G. Balakrishnan, L. F. Lester, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Gold substrate-induced single-mode lasing of GaN nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

S. Xu, Y. Wei, M. Kirkham, J. Liu, W. Mai, D. Davidovic, R. L. Snyder, and Z. L. Wang, “Patterned growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanowire arrays on inorganic substrates at low temperature without catalyst,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(45), 14958–14959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, H.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, R.

P. Yang, R. Yan, and M. Fardy, “Semiconductor nanowire: what’s next?” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1529–1536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Yan, D. Gargas, and P. Yang, “Nanowire photonics,” Nat. Photonics 3(10), 569–576 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, P.

H. Gao, A. Fu, S. C. Andrews, and P. Yang, “Cleaved-coupled nanowire lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(3), 865–869 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yang, R. Yan, and M. Fardy, “Semiconductor nanowire: what’s next?” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1529–1536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Yan, D. Gargas, and P. Yang, “Nanowire photonics,” Nat. Photonics 3(10), 569–576 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. J. Gargas, M. E. Toimil-Molares, and P. Yang, “Imaging single ZnO vertical nanowire laser cavities using UV-laser scanning confocal microscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(6), 2125–2127 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, Y.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zanini, M.

B. M. Rey, R. Elnathan, R. Ditcovski, K. Geisel, M. Zanini, M.-A. Fernandez-Rodriguez, V. V. Naik, A. Frutiger, W. Richtering, T. Ellenbogen, N. H. Voelcker, and L. Isa, “Fully tunable silicon nanowire arrays fabricated by soft nanoparticle templating,” Nano Lett. 16(1), 157–163 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

S. Chu, G. Wang, W. Zhou, Y. Lin, L. Chernyak, J. Zhao, J. Kong, L. Li, J. Ren, and J. Liu, “Electrically pumped waveguide lasing from ZnO nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 506–510 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, W.

S. Chu, G. Wang, W. Zhou, Y. Lin, L. Chernyak, J. Zhao, J. Kong, L. Li, J. Ren, and J. Liu, “Electrically pumped waveguide lasing from ZnO nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 506–510 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zimmler, M.

M. Zimmler, J. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Müller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

Y. Ma, X. Guo, X. Wu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Semiconductor nanowire lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(3), 216–273 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

M. Zimmler, J. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Müller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, X. Wu, and L. Tong, “Single mode lasing in coupled nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(2), 023109 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. B. Wright, S. Campione, S. Liu, J. A. Martinez, H. Xu, T. S. Luk, Q. Li, G. T. Wang, B. S. Swartzentruber, L. F. Lester, and I. Brener, “Distributed feedback gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041107 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, T. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, L. F. Lester, G. T. Wang, I. Brener, and Q. Li, “Single-mode lasing of GaN nanowire-pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(11), 113106 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Gradečak, F. Qian, Y. Li, H.-G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “GaN nanowire lasers with low lasing thresholds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(17), 173111 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, J. B. Wright, A. Hurtado, Q. Li, T.-S. Luk, J. J. Figiel, K. Cross, G. Balakrishnan, L. F. Lester, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Gold substrate-induced single-mode lasing of GaN nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221114 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. V. Maslov and C. Z. Ning, “Reflection of guided modes in a semiconductor nanowire laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1237–1239 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. V Maslov and C. Z. Ning, “Modal gain in a semiconductor nanowire laser with anisotropic bandstructure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1389–1397 (2004).

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

S. Xu, Y. Wei, M. Kirkham, J. Liu, W. Mai, D. Davidovic, R. L. Snyder, and Z. L. Wang, “Patterned growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanowire arrays on inorganic substrates at low temperature without catalyst,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(45), 14958–14959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Gargas, M. E. Toimil-Molares, and P. Yang, “Imaging single ZnO vertical nanowire laser cavities using UV-laser scanning confocal microscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(6), 2125–2127 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (4)

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yang, R. Yan, and M. Fardy, “Semiconductor nanowire: what’s next?” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1529–1536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Seo, M. Wober, P. Steinvurzel, E. Schonbrun, Y. Dan, T. Ellenbogen, and K. B. Crozier, “Multicolored vertical silicon nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1851–1856 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. M. Rey, R. Elnathan, R. Ditcovski, K. Geisel, M. Zanini, M.-A. Fernandez-Rodriguez, V. V. Naik, A. Frutiger, W. Richtering, T. Ellenbogen, N. H. Voelcker, and L. Isa, “Fully tunable silicon nanowire arrays fabricated by soft nanoparticle templating,” Nano Lett. 16(1), 157–163 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanophotonics (1)

C. Couteau, A. Larrue, C. Wilhelm, and C. Soci, “Nanowire lasers,” Nanophotonics 4(1), 90–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

B. Mayer, D. Rudolph, J. Schnell, S. Morkötter, J. Winnerl, J. Treu, K. Müller, G. Bracher, G. Abstreiter, G. Koblmüller, and J. J. Finley, “Lasing from individual GaAs-AlGaAs core-shell nanowires up to room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2931–2939 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

S. Chu, G. Wang, W. Zhou, Y. Lin, L. Chernyak, J. Zhao, J. Kong, L. Li, J. Ren, and J. Liu, “Electrically pumped waveguide lasing from ZnO nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 506–510 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (3)

R. Chen, T.-T. D. Tran, K. W. Ng, W. S. Ko, L. C. Chuang, F. G. Sedgwick, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Nanolasers grown on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 1–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Yan, D. Gargas, and P. Yang, “Nanowire photonics,” Nat. Photonics 3(10), 569–576 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Optically pumped room-temperature GaAs nanowire lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 963–968 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, C. M. C. M. Lieber, and C. G. Fast, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421(6920), 241–245 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

H. Gao, A. Fu, S. C. Andrews, and P. Yang, “Cleaved-coupled nanowire lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(3), 865–869 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Semicond. Semimet. (1)

C. Z. Ning, “Semiconductor nanowire lasers,” Semicond. Semimet. 86, 455–486 (2012).
[Crossref]

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A. Hurtado, D. Jevtics, B. Guilhabert, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and M. D. Dawson, “Novel nanoscale transfer printing technique for precise positioning of nanowire lasers‏,” SPIE Newsroom (2017).

S. Adachi, “Optical constants of crystalline and amorphous semiconductors: numerical data and graphical information (Springer USA, 1999).

B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, and B. E. Saleh, Fundamentals of Photonics (John Wiley & Sons, 1991).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Lasing simulations of nanowire lasers. (a) Simulation setup of single NW laser (left) and coupled cavity NWs laser (right); (b) Simulated light-in light-out curve of a single GaN NW; (c) Electron population of the four lasing levels as simulated by the FDTD's auxiliary differential equation (ADE). At t8 population inversion between the levels N 1 and N 2 is achieved and maintained until the end of the simulation; (d) Simulated lasing spectra of single GaN NW standing on sapphire substrate; (e) Change of the effective refractive index as a function of NW radius for the two lowest guided modes; (f) Comparison of the lowest guided modes (HE11) of a coupled cavity in 2D and 3D simulations.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Calculated cavity function for NWs with r a =65 nm and r b =140 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Coupling of coupled cavity modes (2D simulation). (a) Effective refractive index of the two lowest modes of a coupled cavity increase with decreasing separation between the NWs. Dashed line represents the value of n eff of each single NW lowest mode; (b) The lowest modes, HE11, of the single NWs that form the coupled cavity ( r a =65 nm;  r b =140 nm;  D=100 nm). The change of n eff caused an FSR change of less than 1%.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Lasing simulation of coupled cavity NW laser (NWs separation is, D=100 nm). (a) Lasing from a well-designed coupled cavity NW laser exhibits a single mode spectrum with side mode suppression of 12 dB (top). When separated, each NW exhibit multimode spectrum (middle: r a =65 nm and bottom: r b =140 nm); (b) Lasing spectrum of a poorly designed coupled cavity shows multiple longitudinal modes with side mode suppression of 2 dB (top). This coupled cavity is made from NWs with radii: r a =65 nm (middle) and r b =100 nm (bottom).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The effect of NW separation on the coupled cavity spectrum. Top: in a very close distance, D=20 nm, two longitudinal modes lase in the mutual cavity. Middle: a single mode spectrum is shown for intermediate distance of, D=100 nm. Bottom: when the separation is large, the coupling weakens and several longitudinal modes begin to appear in the spectrum; (b) Top: the single mode spectrum of a well design couple cavity. Middle: a 10 nm change in the thicker NW’s radius still shows an acceptable single mode spectrum. Bottom: a 5 nm change in the thinner NW’s radius shows a sharp mode in the middle of the spectrum with a side mode which is not fully suppressed. The tolerance of the thinner NW’s radius is more sensitive than that of the thicker NW since the effective index changes faster as the radius is smaller.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters for simulating GaN lasing by the 4-level 2-electron model.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δλ= 1 L ( λ 2 2 n g )
n g = n eff λ dn eff
I= I 0 /[ ( 1r ) 2 +4r sin 2 ( n g πL/ λ 0 ) ]

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