Abstract

A hybrid-type terahertz pulse source is proposed for high energy terahertz pulse generation. It is the combination of the conventional tilted-pulse-front setup and a transmission stair-step echelon-faced nonlinear crystal with a period falling in the hundred-micrometer range. The most important advantage of the setup is the possibility of using plane parallel nonlinear optical crystal for producing good-quality, symmetric terahertz beam. Another advantage of the proposed setup is the significant reduction of imaging errors, which is important in the case of wide pump beams that are used in high energy experiments. A one dimensional model was developed for determining the terahertz generation efficiency, and it was used for quantitative comparison between the proposed new hybrid setup and previously introduced terahertz sources. With lithium niobate nonlinear material, calculations predict an approximately ten-fold increase in the efficiency of the presently described hybrid terahertz pulse source with respect to that of the earlier proposed setup, which utilizes a reflective stair-step echelon and a prism shaped nonlinear optical crystal. By using pump pulses of 50 mJ pulse energy, 500 fs pulse length and 8 mm beam spot radius, approximately 1% conversion efficiency and 0.5 mJ terahertz pulse energy can be reached with the newly proposed setup.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  24. C. Lombosi, G. Polónyi, M. Mechler, Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “Nonlinear distortion of intense THz beams,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 083041 (2015).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

G. Polónyi, M. I. Mechler, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “Prospects of Semiconductor Terahertz Pulse Sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(4), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (6)

L. Pálfalvi, Z. Ollmann, L. Tokodi, and J. Hebling, “Hybrid tilted-pulse-front excitation scheme for efficient generation of high-energy terahertz pulses,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8156–8169 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. K. Ofori-Okai, P. Sivarajah, W. Ronny Huang, and K. A. Nelson, “THz generation using a reflective stair-step echelon,” Opt. Express 24(5), 5057–5068 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Fallahi, M. Fakhari, A. Yahaghi, M. Arrieta, and F. X. Kärtner, “Short electron bunch generation using single-cycle ultrafast electron guns,” Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 19(8), 081302 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Sharma, Z. Tibai, and J. Hebling, “Intense tera-hertz laser driven proton acceleration in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063111 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Tokodi, A. Buzády, J. Hebling, and L. Pálfalvi, “Possibility of high-energy THz generation in LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 122(9), 235 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, G. Polónyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, G. Arthur, A. Baltuska, and J. Hebling, “Highly efficient scalable monolithic semiconductor terahertz pulse source,” Optica 3(10), 1075–1078 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lombosi, G. Polónyi, M. Mechler, Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “Nonlinear distortion of intense THz beams,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 083041 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

2012 (1)

Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and G. Almási, “Design of a contact grating setup for mJ-energy THz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 821–826 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(17), 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, A. Peter, and K. Polgar, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

1996 (2)

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, “Derivation of the pulse front tilt caused by angular dispersion,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28(12), 1759–1763 (1996).
[Crossref]

Almási, G.

Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and G. Almási, “Design of a contact grating setup for mJ-energy THz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 821–826 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification: erratum,” Opt. Express 19(23), 22950 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(17), 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Tibai, L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “THz-pulse-driven particle accelerators,” in 4th EOS Topical Meeting on Terahertz Science & Technology (Italy, 2014).

Andriukaitis, G.

Arrieta, M.

A. Fallahi, M. Fakhari, A. Yahaghi, M. Arrieta, and F. X. Kärtner, “Short electron bunch generation using single-cycle ultrafast electron guns,” Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 19(8), 081302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Arthur, G.

Bakunov, M. I.

Balciunas, T.

Baltuska, A.

Bartal, B.

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bodrov, S. B.

Buzády, A.

L. Tokodi, A. Buzády, J. Hebling, and L. Pálfalvi, “Possibility of high-energy THz generation in LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 122(9), 235 (2016).
[Crossref]

Carbajo, S.

Fakhari, M.

A. Fallahi, M. Fakhari, A. Yahaghi, M. Arrieta, and F. X. Kärtner, “Short electron bunch generation using single-cycle ultrafast electron guns,” Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 19(8), 081302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fallahi, A.

A. Fallahi, M. Fakhari, A. Yahaghi, M. Arrieta, and F. X. Kärtner, “Short electron bunch generation using single-cycle ultrafast electron guns,” Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 19(8), 081302 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fülöp, J. A.

G. Polónyi, M. I. Mechler, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “Prospects of Semiconductor Terahertz Pulse Sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(4), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, G. Polónyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, G. Arthur, A. Baltuska, and J. Hebling, “Highly efficient scalable monolithic semiconductor terahertz pulse source,” Optica 3(10), 1075–1078 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lombosi, G. Polónyi, M. Mechler, Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “Nonlinear distortion of intense THz beams,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 083041 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Tóth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 17(3), 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, Z. Ollmann, C. Lombosi, C. Skrobol, S. Klingebiel, L. Pálfalvi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Efficient generation of THz pulses with 0.4 mJ energy,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20155–20163 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification: erratum,” Opt. Express 19(23), 22950 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(17), 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Z. Tibai, L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “THz-pulse-driven particle accelerators,” in 4th EOS Topical Meeting on Terahertz Science & Technology (Italy, 2014).

Hebling, J.

G. Polónyi, M. I. Mechler, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “Prospects of Semiconductor Terahertz Pulse Sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(4), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Sharma, Z. Tibai, and J. Hebling, “Intense tera-hertz laser driven proton acceleration in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063111 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Tokodi, A. Buzády, J. Hebling, and L. Pálfalvi, “Possibility of high-energy THz generation in LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 122(9), 235 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, Z. Ollmann, L. Tokodi, and J. Hebling, “Hybrid tilted-pulse-front excitation scheme for efficient generation of high-energy terahertz pulses,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8156–8169 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, G. Polónyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, G. Arthur, A. Baltuska, and J. Hebling, “Highly efficient scalable monolithic semiconductor terahertz pulse source,” Optica 3(10), 1075–1078 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lombosi, G. Polónyi, M. Mechler, Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “Nonlinear distortion of intense THz beams,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 083041 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Tóth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 17(3), 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, Z. Ollmann, C. Lombosi, C. Skrobol, S. Klingebiel, L. Pálfalvi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Efficient generation of THz pulses with 0.4 mJ energy,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20155–20163 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and G. Almási, “Design of a contact grating setup for mJ-energy THz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 821–826 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification: erratum,” Opt. Express 19(23), 22950 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(17), 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, A. Peter, and K. Polgar, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, “Derivation of the pulse front tilt caused by angular dispersion,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28(12), 1759–1763 (1996).
[Crossref]

Z. Tibai, L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “THz-pulse-driven particle accelerators,” in 4th EOS Topical Meeting on Terahertz Science & Technology (Italy, 2014).

Hong, K.-H.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, W. R.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ravi, W. R. Huang, S. Carbajo, X. Wu, and F. Kärtner, “Limitations to THz generation by optical rectification using tilted pulse fronts,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20239–20251 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karsch, S.

Kärtner, F.

Kärtner, F. X.

A. Fallahi, M. Fakhari, A. Yahaghi, M. Arrieta, and F. X. Kärtner, “Short electron bunch generation using single-cycle ultrafast electron guns,” Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 19(8), 081302 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klingebiel, S.

Kozma, I.

Krausz, F.

Kuhl, J.

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, A. Peter, and K. Polgar, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lombosi, C.

Maruyama, M.

Mechler, M.

C. Lombosi, G. Polónyi, M. Mechler, Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “Nonlinear distortion of intense THz beams,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 083041 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mechler, M. I.

G. Polónyi, M. I. Mechler, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “Prospects of Semiconductor Terahertz Pulse Sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(4), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

Miller, R. J.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monoszlai, B.

Moriena, G.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nagashima, K.

Nanni, E. A.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelson, K. A.

Ochi, Y.

Ofori-Okai, B. K.

Ollmann, Z.

L. Pálfalvi, Z. Ollmann, L. Tokodi, and J. Hebling, “Hybrid tilted-pulse-front excitation scheme for efficient generation of high-energy terahertz pulses,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8156–8169 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lombosi, G. Polónyi, M. Mechler, Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “Nonlinear distortion of intense THz beams,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 083041 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, Z. Ollmann, C. Lombosi, C. Skrobol, S. Klingebiel, L. Pálfalvi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Efficient generation of THz pulses with 0.4 mJ energy,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20155–20163 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and G. Almási, “Design of a contact grating setup for mJ-energy THz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 821–826 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pálfalvi, L.

L. Tokodi, A. Buzády, J. Hebling, and L. Pálfalvi, “Possibility of high-energy THz generation in LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 122(9), 235 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, Z. Ollmann, L. Tokodi, and J. Hebling, “Hybrid tilted-pulse-front excitation scheme for efficient generation of high-energy terahertz pulses,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8156–8169 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, Z. Ollmann, C. Lombosi, C. Skrobol, S. Klingebiel, L. Pálfalvi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Efficient generation of THz pulses with 0.4 mJ energy,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20155–20163 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Tóth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 17(3), 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification: erratum,” Opt. Express 19(23), 22950 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(17), 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, A. Peter, and K. Polgar, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Z. Tibai, L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “THz-pulse-driven particle accelerators,” in 4th EOS Topical Meeting on Terahertz Science & Technology (Italy, 2014).

Peter, A.

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, A. Peter, and K. Polgar, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Polgar, K.

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, A. Peter, and K. Polgar, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Polónyi, G.

G. Polónyi, M. I. Mechler, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “Prospects of Semiconductor Terahertz Pulse Sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(4), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, G. Polónyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, G. Arthur, A. Baltuska, and J. Hebling, “Highly efficient scalable monolithic semiconductor terahertz pulse source,” Optica 3(10), 1075–1078 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lombosi, G. Polónyi, M. Mechler, Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “Nonlinear distortion of intense THz beams,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 083041 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pugzlys, A.

Ravi, K.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ravi, W. R. Huang, S. Carbajo, X. Wu, and F. Kärtner, “Limitations to THz generation by optical rectification using tilted pulse fronts,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20239–20251 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ronny Huang, W.

Sharma, A.

A. Sharma, Z. Tibai, and J. Hebling, “Intense tera-hertz laser driven proton acceleration in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sivarajah, P.

Skrobol, C.

Stepanov, A. G.

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tibai, Z.

A. Sharma, Z. Tibai, and J. Hebling, “Intense tera-hertz laser driven proton acceleration in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Tibai, L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “THz-pulse-driven particle accelerators,” in 4th EOS Topical Meeting on Terahertz Science & Technology (Italy, 2014).

Tokodi, L.

Tóth, G.

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Tóth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 17(3), 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tsubouchi, M.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

Yahaghi, A.

A. Fallahi, M. Fakhari, A. Yahaghi, M. Arrieta, and F. X. Kärtner, “Short electron bunch generation using single-cycle ultrafast electron guns,” Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 19(8), 081302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, F.

Zhang, X. C.

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Tokodi, A. Buzády, J. Hebling, and L. Pálfalvi, “Possibility of high-energy THz generation in LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 122(9), 235 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and G. Almási, “Design of a contact grating setup for mJ-energy THz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 821–826 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(17), 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Polónyi, M. I. Mechler, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “Prospects of Semiconductor Terahertz Pulse Sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(4), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, A. Peter, and K. Polgar, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Commun. (1)

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

C. Lombosi, G. Polónyi, M. Mechler, Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fülöp, “Nonlinear distortion of intense THz beams,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 083041 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Vodopyanov, “Optical generation of narrow-band terahertz packets in periodically inverted electro-optic crystals: conversion efficiency and optimal laser pulse format,” Opt. Express 14(6), 2263–2276 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification: erratum,” Opt. Express 19(23), 22950 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, Z. Ollmann, C. Lombosi, C. Skrobol, S. Klingebiel, L. Pálfalvi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Efficient generation of THz pulses with 0.4 mJ energy,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20155–20163 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ravi, W. R. Huang, S. Carbajo, X. Wu, and F. Kärtner, “Limitations to THz generation by optical rectification using tilted pulse fronts,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20239–20251 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. K. Ofori-Okai, P. Sivarajah, W. Ronny Huang, and K. A. Nelson, “THz generation using a reflective stair-step echelon,” Opt. Express 24(5), 5057–5068 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, Z. Ollmann, L. Tokodi, and J. Hebling, “Hybrid tilted-pulse-front excitation scheme for efficient generation of high-energy terahertz pulses,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8156–8169 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hebling, “Derivation of the pulse front tilt caused by angular dispersion,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28(12), 1759–1763 (1996).
[Crossref]

Optica (1)

Phys. Plasmas (1)

A. Sharma, Z. Tibai, and J. Hebling, “Intense tera-hertz laser driven proton acceleration in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams (1)

A. Fallahi, M. Fakhari, A. Yahaghi, M. Arrieta, and F. X. Kärtner, “Short electron bunch generation using single-cycle ultrafast electron guns,” Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 19(8), 081302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams (1)

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Tóth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 17(3), 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

Z. Tibai, L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “THz-pulse-driven particle accelerators,” in 4th EOS Topical Meeting on Terahertz Science & Technology (Italy, 2014).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 THz source with a stair-step reflective echelon [18].
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The scheme of the NLES based hybrid THz source.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The alteration of the pump pulse front when passing through the input surface of the NLES.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Pump pulse broadening for 200 (a) and 500 fs (b) TL pulses in the conventional and in the NLES based hybrid setup. The local pump pulse length along the pulse front is plotted versus the x’ (x) coordinate (see text).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The influence of the segmented tilted-pulse-front on the THz generation efficiency. The variation of w’ due to diffraction is shown in (a). (b) illustrates the periodically varying phase-shift, and defines the p and p* parameters.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 THz generation efficiency predicted by the model for the H (a-d), E (e-h) and C (i) setups.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The spectra and the pulse shapes belonging to the H and E setups for 500 fs pump pulses.

Equations (15)

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v p,gr cos(γ)= v THz,ph ,
γ= γ slab =atan(h/w )
γ 0 = γ slab =γ
z' E THz (Ω,z')=i Ω d eff E 0 2 τ 0 2 4πln(2) c n THz,ph (Ω) exp( ( τ 0 2 +Δ τ s ( z' ) 2 ) Ω 2 16ln( 2 ) )× ×exp( i Ω c ( n THz,ph ( Ω ) n p,gr cos( γ ) )z' ) f s ( z' ) g s ( z' ) F s ( z' ) α THz ( Ω ) 2 E THz ( Ω,z' ) ,
Δ τ s ( z' )= λ 0 c z' a s L 2 cos( γ ) n p,ph [ ( b s n p,ph λ 0 tan( γ ) ) 2 d 2 n p,ph d λ 2 ]Δλ ,
w'( z' )=w+ z' λ 0 cos( γ )w n p,ph .
f s ( z' )= w w'( z' ) = 1 1+ z' λ 0 cos( γ ) w 2 n p,ph
g s ( z' )= x s λ' 2 x s λ' 2 Ecos( 2πz' λ' )dz' x s λ' 2 x s λ' 2 Edz' =sinc( π x s ( z' ) ) .
x H ( z' )= m H ( z' ) n THz,ph λ THz =w'( z' )sin( γ )( 1 1 n p,gr ) n THz,ph λ THz = =sin( γ )( w+ z' λ 0 cos( γ )w n p ) n THz,ph λ THz ( 1 1 n p,gr ) ,
x E ( z' )= m E ( z' ) n THz,ph λ THz =w'( z' )sin( γ ) n THz,ph λ THz =sin( γ )( w+ z' λ 0 cos( γ )w n p ) n THz,ph λ THz
F H ( z' )=1sin( γ ) sin 2 ( γ ) z' λ 0 w 2 n p,gr ( 1 1 n p,gr )
F E ( z' )= cos 2 ( γ )( 1+ z' λ 0 w 2 n p,gr cos( γ ) )
Fluenc e THz = c ε 0 2 2π 0 | E THz ( Ω,L ) 2 n THz,ph n THz,ph +1 | 2 dΩ .
Fluenc e p = π 2 c ε 0 n p,ph 2 E 0 2 τ 0 2ln( 2 ) ,
η= Fluenc e THz Fluenc e p .

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