Abstract

In this paper, experimental results related to the received-power fluctuations in a LEO satellite-to-ground laser-communication link using the Small Optical TrAnsponder (SOTA) are presented. The data is compared to the theoretical expectations based on the Hufnagel-Valley model. The discrepancies in the results are discussed by spectrum analysis and by a comparison with the Differential Image Motion Monitor (DIMM) measurements of the Fried parameter. Finally, the experimentally-derived coherence time is shown and discussed.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
LEO-to-ground polarization measurements aiming for space QKD using Small Optical TrAnsponder (SOTA)

Alberto Carrasco-Casado, Hiroo Kunimori, Hideki Takenaka, Toshihiro Kubo-Oka, Maki Akioka, Tetsuharu Fuse, Yoshisada Koyama, Dimitar Kolev, Yasushi Munemasa, and Morio Toyoshima
Opt. Express 24(11) 12254-12266 (2016)

Optical scintillations and fade statistics for a satellite-communication system

L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, and P. T. Yu
Appl. Opt. 34(33) 7742-7751 (1995)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Fuse, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Koyama, T. Kubo-oka, H. Kunimori, K. Suzuki, H. Takenaka, Y. Munemasa, and M. Toyoshima, “Developlment of a breadboard model of space laser communication terminal for optical feeder links from GEO,” in 2016 International Conference on Space Optics (ICSO) (2016).
  2. S. Yamakawa, Y. Chishiki, Y. Sasaki, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Kohata, “JAXA’s optical data relay satellite programme,” in 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS), (2015), pp. 1–3 .
  3. S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.
  4. B. V. Oaida, M. J. Abrahamson, R. J. Witoff, J. N. B. Martinez, and D. A. Zayas, “OPALS: An optical communications technology demonstration from the International Space Station,” IEEE Aerospace Conference, 1–20 (2013).
  5. F. Moll, D. Kolev, M. Abrahamson, C. Schmidt, R. M. Calvo, and C. Fuchs, “LEO-ground scintillation measurements with the optical ground station Oberpfaffenhofen and SOTA/OPALS space terminals,” Proc. SPIE 9991, 999102 (2016).
  6. D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.
  7. N. Iwakiri, Y. Takayama, and M. Toyoshima, “OOK Modulated Optical Satellite Communications System for CCSDS Standardization,” 30th ISTS, Kobe, Japan (2015).
  8. M. Toyoshima, H. Takenaka, and Y. Takayama, “Atmospheric turbulence-induced fading channel model for space-to-ground laser communications links,” Opt. Express 19(17), 15965–15975 (2011).
    [PubMed]
  9. L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, “Laser beam propagation through random media,” SPIE Press, (2005).
  10. Y. Koyama, M. Toyoshima, Y. Takayama, H. Takenaka, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, and O. Kawamoto, “SOTA: Small Optical Transponder for micro-satellite,” Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS), 2011 International Conference on, 97–101, (2011).
  11. D. R. Kolev and M. Toyoshima, “Received-Power Fluctuation Analysis for LEO Satellite-to-Ground Laser Links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(1), 103–112 (2017).
  12. D. L. Fried, “Optical Resolution Through a Randomly Inhomogeneous Medium for Very Long and Very Short Exposures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56(10), 1372–1379 (1966).
  13. M. W. Wright, J. F. Morris, J. M. Kovalik, K. S. Andrews, M. J. Abrahamson, and A. Biswas, “Adaptive optics correction into single mode fiber for a low Earth orbiting space to ground optical communication link using the OPALS downlink,” Opt. Express 23(26), 33705–33712 (2015).
    [PubMed]
  14. D. Giggenbach and H. Henniger, “Fading-loss assessment in atmospheric free-space optical communication links with on-off keying,” Opt. Eng. 47(4), 046001 (2008).
  15. M. Sarazin and F. Roddier, “The ESO differential image motion monitor,” Astronomy Astrophys. 227, 294–300 (1990).
  16. A. Tokovinin, A. Kellerer, and V. Coudé Du Foresto, “FADE, an instrument to measure the atmospheric coherence time,” Astronomy Astrophys. 477, 671–680 (2008).
  17. A. Mostafa and S. Hranilovic, “Channel measurement and Markov modeling of an urban free-space optical link,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(10), 836–846 (2012).
  18. V. Kornilov, “Stellar scintillation in the short exposure regime and atmospheric coherence time evaluation,” Astronomy Astrophys. 530, A56 (2011).
  19. V. Kornilov, “The statistics of the photometric accuracy based on MASS data and the evaluation of high-altitude wind,” Astron. Lett. 37(1), 40–48 (2011).

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

F. Moll, D. Kolev, M. Abrahamson, C. Schmidt, R. M. Calvo, and C. Fuchs, “LEO-ground scintillation measurements with the optical ground station Oberpfaffenhofen and SOTA/OPALS space terminals,” Proc. SPIE 9991, 999102 (2016).

2015 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (3)

M. Toyoshima, H. Takenaka, and Y. Takayama, “Atmospheric turbulence-induced fading channel model for space-to-ground laser communications links,” Opt. Express 19(17), 15965–15975 (2011).
[PubMed]

V. Kornilov, “Stellar scintillation in the short exposure regime and atmospheric coherence time evaluation,” Astronomy Astrophys. 530, A56 (2011).

V. Kornilov, “The statistics of the photometric accuracy based on MASS data and the evaluation of high-altitude wind,” Astron. Lett. 37(1), 40–48 (2011).

2008 (2)

D. Giggenbach and H. Henniger, “Fading-loss assessment in atmospheric free-space optical communication links with on-off keying,” Opt. Eng. 47(4), 046001 (2008).

A. Tokovinin, A. Kellerer, and V. Coudé Du Foresto, “FADE, an instrument to measure the atmospheric coherence time,” Astronomy Astrophys. 477, 671–680 (2008).

1990 (1)

M. Sarazin and F. Roddier, “The ESO differential image motion monitor,” Astronomy Astrophys. 227, 294–300 (1990).

1966 (1)

Abrahamson, M.

F. Moll, D. Kolev, M. Abrahamson, C. Schmidt, R. M. Calvo, and C. Fuchs, “LEO-ground scintillation measurements with the optical ground station Oberpfaffenhofen and SOTA/OPALS space terminals,” Proc. SPIE 9991, 999102 (2016).

Abrahamson, M. J.

M. W. Wright, J. F. Morris, J. M. Kovalik, K. S. Andrews, M. J. Abrahamson, and A. Biswas, “Adaptive optics correction into single mode fiber for a low Earth orbiting space to ground optical communication link using the OPALS downlink,” Opt. Express 23(26), 33705–33712 (2015).
[PubMed]

B. V. Oaida, M. J. Abrahamson, R. J. Witoff, J. N. B. Martinez, and D. A. Zayas, “OPALS: An optical communications technology demonstration from the International Space Station,” IEEE Aerospace Conference, 1–20 (2013).

Aimar, M.

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

Akioka, M.

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

T. Fuse, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Koyama, T. Kubo-oka, H. Kunimori, K. Suzuki, H. Takenaka, Y. Munemasa, and M. Toyoshima, “Developlment of a breadboard model of space laser communication terminal for optical feeder links from GEO,” in 2016 International Conference on Space Optics (ICSO) (2016).

Albanesse, D.

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

Andrews, K. S.

Artaud, G.

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

Biswas, A.

Calvo, R. M.

F. Moll, D. Kolev, M. Abrahamson, C. Schmidt, R. M. Calvo, and C. Fuchs, “LEO-ground scintillation measurements with the optical ground station Oberpfaffenhofen and SOTA/OPALS space terminals,” Proc. SPIE 9991, 999102 (2016).

Chishiki, Y.

S. Yamakawa, Y. Chishiki, Y. Sasaki, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Kohata, “JAXA’s optical data relay satellite programme,” in 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS), (2015), pp. 1–3 .

Coudé Du Foresto, V.

A. Tokovinin, A. Kellerer, and V. Coudé Du Foresto, “FADE, an instrument to measure the atmospheric coherence time,” Astronomy Astrophys. 477, 671–680 (2008).

Czichy, R.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.

Dallmann, D.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.

Fried, D. L.

Fuchs, C.

F. Moll, D. Kolev, M. Abrahamson, C. Schmidt, R. M. Calvo, and C. Fuchs, “LEO-ground scintillation measurements with the optical ground station Oberpfaffenhofen and SOTA/OPALS space terminals,” Proc. SPIE 9991, 999102 (2016).

Fuse, T.

T. Fuse, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Koyama, T. Kubo-oka, H. Kunimori, K. Suzuki, H. Takenaka, Y. Munemasa, and M. Toyoshima, “Developlment of a breadboard model of space laser communication terminal for optical feeder links from GEO,” in 2016 International Conference on Space Optics (ICSO) (2016).

Giggenbach, D.

D. Giggenbach and H. Henniger, “Fading-loss assessment in atmospheric free-space optical communication links with on-off keying,” Opt. Eng. 47(4), 046001 (2008).

Gregory, M.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.

Heine, F.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.

Henniger, H.

D. Giggenbach and H. Henniger, “Fading-loss assessment in atmospheric free-space optical communication links with on-off keying,” Opt. Eng. 47(4), 046001 (2008).

Hranilovic, S.

Issler, J.-L.

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

Iwakiri, N.

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

Kämpfner, H.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.

Kellerer, A.

A. Tokovinin, A. Kellerer, and V. Coudé Du Foresto, “FADE, an instrument to measure the atmospheric coherence time,” Astronomy Astrophys. 477, 671–680 (2008).

Kohata, H.

S. Yamakawa, Y. Chishiki, Y. Sasaki, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Kohata, “JAXA’s optical data relay satellite programme,” in 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS), (2015), pp. 1–3 .

Kolev, D.

F. Moll, D. Kolev, M. Abrahamson, C. Schmidt, R. M. Calvo, and C. Fuchs, “LEO-ground scintillation measurements with the optical ground station Oberpfaffenhofen and SOTA/OPALS space terminals,” Proc. SPIE 9991, 999102 (2016).

T. Fuse, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Koyama, T. Kubo-oka, H. Kunimori, K. Suzuki, H. Takenaka, Y. Munemasa, and M. Toyoshima, “Developlment of a breadboard model of space laser communication terminal for optical feeder links from GEO,” in 2016 International Conference on Space Optics (ICSO) (2016).

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

Kolev, D. R.

Kornilov, V.

V. Kornilov, “The statistics of the photometric accuracy based on MASS data and the evaluation of high-altitude wind,” Astron. Lett. 37(1), 40–48 (2011).

V. Kornilov, “Stellar scintillation in the short exposure regime and atmospheric coherence time evaluation,” Astronomy Astrophys. 530, A56 (2011).

Kovalik, J. M.

Koyama, Y.

T. Fuse, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Koyama, T. Kubo-oka, H. Kunimori, K. Suzuki, H. Takenaka, Y. Munemasa, and M. Toyoshima, “Developlment of a breadboard model of space laser communication terminal for optical feeder links from GEO,” in 2016 International Conference on Space Optics (ICSO) (2016).

Kubo-oka, T.

T. Fuse, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Koyama, T. Kubo-oka, H. Kunimori, K. Suzuki, H. Takenaka, Y. Munemasa, and M. Toyoshima, “Developlment of a breadboard model of space laser communication terminal for optical feeder links from GEO,” in 2016 International Conference on Space Optics (ICSO) (2016).

Kunimori, H.

T. Fuse, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Koyama, T. Kubo-oka, H. Kunimori, K. Suzuki, H. Takenaka, Y. Munemasa, and M. Toyoshima, “Developlment of a breadboard model of space laser communication terminal for optical feeder links from GEO,” in 2016 International Conference on Space Optics (ICSO) (2016).

Lagarde, G. M.

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

Mariey, H.

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

Martinez, J. N. B.

B. V. Oaida, M. J. Abrahamson, R. J. Witoff, J. N. B. Martinez, and D. A. Zayas, “OPALS: An optical communications technology demonstration from the International Space Station,” IEEE Aerospace Conference, 1–20 (2013).

Maurice, N.

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

Meyer, R.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.

Miyamoto, Y.

S. Yamakawa, Y. Chishiki, Y. Sasaki, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Kohata, “JAXA’s optical data relay satellite programme,” in 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS), (2015), pp. 1–3 .

Moll, F.

F. Moll, D. Kolev, M. Abrahamson, C. Schmidt, R. M. Calvo, and C. Fuchs, “LEO-ground scintillation measurements with the optical ground station Oberpfaffenhofen and SOTA/OPALS space terminals,” Proc. SPIE 9991, 999102 (2016).

Morris, J. F.

Mostafa, A.

Muckherjee, J.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.

Mühlnikel, G.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.

Munemasa, Y.

T. Fuse, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Koyama, T. Kubo-oka, H. Kunimori, K. Suzuki, H. Takenaka, Y. Munemasa, and M. Toyoshima, “Developlment of a breadboard model of space laser communication terminal for optical feeder links from GEO,” in 2016 International Conference on Space Optics (ICSO) (2016).

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

Oaida, B. V.

B. V. Oaida, M. J. Abrahamson, R. J. Witoff, J. N. B. Martinez, and D. A. Zayas, “OPALS: An optical communications technology demonstration from the International Space Station,” IEEE Aerospace Conference, 1–20 (2013).

Phung, D. H.

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

Reinhardt, M.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.

Roddier, F.

M. Sarazin and F. Roddier, “The ESO differential image motion monitor,” Astronomy Astrophys. 227, 294–300 (1990).

Samain, E.

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

Sarazin, M.

M. Sarazin and F. Roddier, “The ESO differential image motion monitor,” Astronomy Astrophys. 227, 294–300 (1990).

Sasaki, Y.

S. Yamakawa, Y. Chishiki, Y. Sasaki, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Kohata, “JAXA’s optical data relay satellite programme,” in 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS), (2015), pp. 1–3 .

Saucke, K.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.

Schmidt, C.

F. Moll, D. Kolev, M. Abrahamson, C. Schmidt, R. M. Calvo, and C. Fuchs, “LEO-ground scintillation measurements with the optical ground station Oberpfaffenhofen and SOTA/OPALS space terminals,” Proc. SPIE 9991, 999102 (2016).

Seel, S.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.

Sterr, U.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.

Suzuki, K.

T. Fuse, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Koyama, T. Kubo-oka, H. Kunimori, K. Suzuki, H. Takenaka, Y. Munemasa, and M. Toyoshima, “Developlment of a breadboard model of space laser communication terminal for optical feeder links from GEO,” in 2016 International Conference on Space Optics (ICSO) (2016).

Takayama, Y.

Takenaka, H.

M. Toyoshima, H. Takenaka, and Y. Takayama, “Atmospheric turbulence-induced fading channel model for space-to-ground laser communications links,” Opt. Express 19(17), 15965–15975 (2011).
[PubMed]

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

T. Fuse, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Koyama, T. Kubo-oka, H. Kunimori, K. Suzuki, H. Takenaka, Y. Munemasa, and M. Toyoshima, “Developlment of a breadboard model of space laser communication terminal for optical feeder links from GEO,” in 2016 International Conference on Space Optics (ICSO) (2016).

Tokovinin, A.

A. Tokovinin, A. Kellerer, and V. Coudé Du Foresto, “FADE, an instrument to measure the atmospheric coherence time,” Astronomy Astrophys. 477, 671–680 (2008).

Toyoshima, M.

D. R. Kolev and M. Toyoshima, “Received-Power Fluctuation Analysis for LEO Satellite-to-Ground Laser Links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(1), 103–112 (2017).

M. Toyoshima, H. Takenaka, and Y. Takayama, “Atmospheric turbulence-induced fading channel model for space-to-ground laser communications links,” Opt. Express 19(17), 15965–15975 (2011).
[PubMed]

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

T. Fuse, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Koyama, T. Kubo-oka, H. Kunimori, K. Suzuki, H. Takenaka, Y. Munemasa, and M. Toyoshima, “Developlment of a breadboard model of space laser communication terminal for optical feeder links from GEO,” in 2016 International Conference on Space Optics (ICSO) (2016).

Vedrenne, N.

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

Velluet, M.-T.

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

Wandernoth, B.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.

Witoff, R. J.

B. V. Oaida, M. J. Abrahamson, R. J. Witoff, J. N. B. Martinez, and D. A. Zayas, “OPALS: An optical communications technology demonstration from the International Space Station,” IEEE Aerospace Conference, 1–20 (2013).

Wright, M. W.

Yamakawa, S.

S. Yamakawa, Y. Chishiki, Y. Sasaki, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Kohata, “JAXA’s optical data relay satellite programme,” in 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS), (2015), pp. 1–3 .

Zayas, D. A.

B. V. Oaida, M. J. Abrahamson, R. J. Witoff, J. N. B. Martinez, and D. A. Zayas, “OPALS: An optical communications technology demonstration from the International Space Station,” IEEE Aerospace Conference, 1–20 (2013).

Astron. Lett. (1)

V. Kornilov, “The statistics of the photometric accuracy based on MASS data and the evaluation of high-altitude wind,” Astron. Lett. 37(1), 40–48 (2011).

Astronomy Astrophys. (3)

M. Sarazin and F. Roddier, “The ESO differential image motion monitor,” Astronomy Astrophys. 227, 294–300 (1990).

A. Tokovinin, A. Kellerer, and V. Coudé Du Foresto, “FADE, an instrument to measure the atmospheric coherence time,” Astronomy Astrophys. 477, 671–680 (2008).

V. Kornilov, “Stellar scintillation in the short exposure regime and atmospheric coherence time evaluation,” Astronomy Astrophys. 530, A56 (2011).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

D. Giggenbach and H. Henniger, “Fading-loss assessment in atmospheric free-space optical communication links with on-off keying,” Opt. Eng. 47(4), 046001 (2008).

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

F. Moll, D. Kolev, M. Abrahamson, C. Schmidt, R. M. Calvo, and C. Fuchs, “LEO-ground scintillation measurements with the optical ground station Oberpfaffenhofen and SOTA/OPALS space terminals,” Proc. SPIE 9991, 999102 (2016).

Other (8)

D. H. Phung, E. Samain, N. Maurice, D. Albanesse, H. Mariey, M. Aimar, G. M. Lagarde, G. Artaud, J.-L. Issler, N. Vedrenne, M.-T. Velluet, M. Toyoshima, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Munemasa, H. Takenaka, and N. Iwakiri, “Telecom & scintillation first data analysis for DOMINO - laser communication between SOTA, onboard socrates satellite, and MEO OGS,” 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) (2015), pp. 1–7.

N. Iwakiri, Y. Takayama, and M. Toyoshima, “OOK Modulated Optical Satellite Communications System for CCSDS Standardization,” 30th ISTS, Kobe, Japan (2015).

L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, “Laser beam propagation through random media,” SPIE Press, (2005).

Y. Koyama, M. Toyoshima, Y. Takayama, H. Takenaka, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, and O. Kawamoto, “SOTA: Small Optical Transponder for micro-satellite,” Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS), 2011 International Conference on, 97–101, (2011).

T. Fuse, M. Akioka, D. Kolev, Y. Koyama, T. Kubo-oka, H. Kunimori, K. Suzuki, H. Takenaka, Y. Munemasa, and M. Toyoshima, “Developlment of a breadboard model of space laser communication terminal for optical feeder links from GEO,” in 2016 International Conference on Space Optics (ICSO) (2016).

S. Yamakawa, Y. Chishiki, Y. Sasaki, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Kohata, “JAXA’s optical data relay satellite programme,” in 2015 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS), (2015), pp. 1–3 .

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Mühlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,” in 2011 Aerospace Conference (2011), pp.s 1–7.

B. V. Oaida, M. J. Abrahamson, R. J. Witoff, J. N. B. Martinez, and D. A. Zayas, “OPALS: An optical communications technology demonstration from the International Space Station,” IEEE Aerospace Conference, 1–20 (2013).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) SOTA and the SOCRATES satellite; (b) 1-meter telescope with the DIMM and 5-cm receiver.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Theoretical fit vs experimental results for 1-meter telescope (top), 5-cm receiver (middle) and 1.5-meter telescope (bottom).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Theoretical fit vs experimental results for the aperture averaging for two ratios: 1.5-meter/5-cm receiver and 1-meter/5-cm receiver.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Theoretical vs experimental results for the aperture averaging for two ratios: 1.5-meter/5-cm receiver and 1-meter/5-cm receiver.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectrograms of all four parallel apertures during the experiment on 2016/5/5.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectrogram with defined frequencies to be filtered and the spectrogram of the filtered signal of the 1-meter telescope data.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Original vs filtered scintillation index for the 1-meter receiver data on 2016/5/5.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measured coherence times with all apertures on 2016/4/5.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Measured coherence times with all apertures on 2016/5/5.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ I 2 = I 2 / I 2 1= e 4 σ χ 2 1.
σ R 2 =2.25 k 7/6 sec 11/6 (ζ) h 0 H C n 2 (h) (h h 0 ) 5/6 dh .
r 0 = [ 0.423 k 2 sec( ζ ) C n 2 (h)dh ] 3/5 .
τ 0 = 0.314 r 0 / V ¯ 5/3 .
V ¯ P = [ V P (h) C n 2 (h)dh / C n 2 (h)dh ] 1/P .