Abstract

A semi-classical model is proposed theoretically and demonstrated experimentally on the optical receiver sensitivity enhancement by single-band (signal or idler) and dual-band (signal and idler) fiber optical parametric amplifier (FOPA). The sensitivity enhancement by single-band is determined by the gain of FOPA and the transmission loss of signal and idler, and it can be further improved by up to 3-dB using amplified signal and phase-conjugated idler together at dual-band configuration. The theoretical results are experimentally verified in both fiber communication and biomedical imaging applications. This detection sensitivity enhancement scheme can be potentially applied in the scenarios where ultrafast broadband signal at low-power level is being handled.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (2)

S. A. Filatova, I. A. Shcherbakov, and V. B. Tsvetkov, “Optical properties of animal tissues in the wavelength range from 350 to 2600 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(3), 35009 (2017).
[PubMed]

H. Hu, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, S. Randel, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Fiber nonlinearity mitigation of WDM-PDM QPSK/16-QAM signals using fiber-optic parametric amplifiers based multiple optical phase conjugations,” Opt. Express 25(3), 1618–1628 (2017).

2016 (1)

2015 (3)

A. Kumpera, R. Malik, A. Lorences-Riesgo, and P. A. Andrekson, “Parametric coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12952–12964 (2015).
[PubMed]

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[PubMed]

J. Zhang, M. A. Itzler, H. Zbinden, and J. Pan, “Advances in InGaAs/InP single-photon detector systems for quantum communication,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e286 (2015).

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Versatile wideband balanced detector for quantum optical homodyne tomography,” Opt. Commun. 285(24), 5259–5267 (2012).

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6, 423–431 (2012).

2010 (3)

2009 (4)

Y. Painchaud, M. Poulin, M. Morin, and M. Têtu, “Performance of balanced detection in a coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3659–3672 (2009).
[PubMed]

M. Stipcević, “Active quenching circuit for single-photon detection with Geiger mode avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Opt. 48(9), 1705–1714 (2009).
[PubMed]

Y. Liang, J. Li, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, “High-sensitivity optical preamplifier for WDM systems using an optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1562–1564 (2009).

K. Goda, K. K. Tsia, and B. Jalali, “Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena,” Nature 458(7242), 1145–1149 (2009).
[PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

P. Kylemark, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Gain and wavelength dependence of the noise-figure in fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1255–1257 (2006).

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B. A. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).

2005 (4)

2004 (4)

2003 (1)

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, “Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1061–1063 (2003).

2002 (2)

M. N. Islam and O. Boyraz, “Fiber parametric amplifiers for wavelength band conversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 527–537 (2002).

J. L. Blows and S. E. French, “Low-noise-figure optical parametric amplifier with a continuous-wave frequency-modulated pump,” Opt. Lett. 27(7), 491–493 (2002).
[PubMed]

2001 (2)

1996 (1)

1993 (2)

B. Mikkelsen, C. G. Jorgensen, N. Jensen, T. Durhuus, K. E. Stubkjaer, P. Doussiere, and B. Fernier, “High-Performance Semiconductor Optical Preamplifier Receiver at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(9), 1096–1097 (1993).

M. S. Salisbury, P. F. McManamon, and B. D. Duncan, “Sensitivity improvement of a 1-um ladar system incorporating an optical fiber preamplifier,” Opt. Eng. 32(11), 2671–2680 (1993).

1991 (1)

T. Saito, Y. Sunohara, K. Fukagai, S. Ishikawa, N. Henmi, S. Fujita, and Y. Aoki, “High receiver sensitivity at 10 Gb/s using an Er-doped fiber preamplifier pumped with a 0.98 mu m laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 3(6), 551–553 (1991).

1989 (1)

N. A. Olsson, “Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(7), 1071–1082 (1989).

1984 (1)

K. Mochizuki, Y. Namihira, M. Kuwazuru, and M. Nunokawa, “Influence of hydrogen on optical fiber loss in submarine cables,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2(6), 802–807 (1984).

1980 (1)

Y. Yamamoto and H. Tsuchiya, “Optical receiver sensitivity improvement by a semiconductor laser preamplifier,” Electron. Lett. 16(6), 233–235 (1980).

Aichele, T.

Andrekson, P. A.

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[PubMed]

A. Kumpera, R. Malik, A. Lorences-Riesgo, and P. A. Andrekson, “Parametric coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12952–12964 (2015).
[PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 18(3), 2884–2893 (2010).
[PubMed]

P. Kylemark, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Gain and wavelength dependence of the noise-figure in fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1255–1257 (2006).

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B. A. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).

A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, P. Kylemark, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise characteristics of dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(9), 2788–2795 (2005).

P. Kylemark, P. O. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(2), 409–416 (2004).

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, “Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1061–1063 (2003).

Aoki, Y.

T. Saito, Y. Sunohara, K. Fukagai, S. Ishikawa, N. Henmi, S. Fujita, and Y. Aoki, “High receiver sensitivity at 10 Gb/s using an Er-doped fiber preamplifier pumped with a 0.98 mu m laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 3(6), 551–553 (1991).

Barrios, E.

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Versatile wideband balanced detector for quantum optical homodyne tomography,” Opt. Commun. 285(24), 5259–5267 (2012).

Bayart, D.

A. Durécu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).

Blows, J. L.

Bogris, A.

Boyraz, O.

M. N. Islam and O. Boyraz, “Fiber parametric amplifiers for wavelength band conversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 527–537 (2002).

Cairns, E.

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Versatile wideband balanced detector for quantum optical homodyne tomography,” Opt. Commun. 285(24), 5259–5267 (2012).

Capewell, D.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chen, L. K.

Chestnut, D. A.

Chui, P. C.

Y. Liang, J. Li, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, “High-sensitivity optical preamplifier for WDM systems using an optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1562–1564 (2009).

B. P. P. Kuo, K. Shimizu, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Receiver sensitivity improvement for ON-OFF keying signal by using optical parametric amplifier and balanced detection,”in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Winter Topical Meeting Series, (IEEE, 2008), pp. 59–60.

Cova, S.

de Matos, C. J. S.

Devgan, P.

Doussiere, P.

B. Mikkelsen, C. G. Jorgensen, N. Jensen, T. Durhuus, K. E. Stubkjaer, P. Doussiere, and B. Fernier, “High-Performance Semiconductor Optical Preamplifier Receiver at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(9), 1096–1097 (1993).

Duncan, B. D.

M. S. Salisbury, P. F. McManamon, and B. D. Duncan, “Sensitivity improvement of a 1-um ladar system incorporating an optical fiber preamplifier,” Opt. Eng. 32(11), 2671–2680 (1993).

Durécu-Legrand, A.

A. Durécu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).

Durhuus, T.

B. Mikkelsen, C. G. Jorgensen, N. Jensen, T. Durhuus, K. E. Stubkjaer, P. Doussiere, and B. Fernier, “High-Performance Semiconductor Optical Preamplifier Receiver at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(9), 1096–1097 (1993).

Fernier, B.

B. Mikkelsen, C. G. Jorgensen, N. Jensen, T. Durhuus, K. E. Stubkjaer, P. Doussiere, and B. Fernier, “High-Performance Semiconductor Optical Preamplifier Receiver at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(9), 1096–1097 (1993).

Filatova, S. A.

S. A. Filatova, I. A. Shcherbakov, and V. B. Tsvetkov, “Optical properties of animal tissues in the wavelength range from 350 to 2600 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(3), 35009 (2017).
[PubMed]

French, S. E.

Friis, S. M. M.

Fujimoto, J.

Fujita, S.

T. Saito, Y. Sunohara, K. Fukagai, S. Ishikawa, N. Henmi, S. Fujita, and Y. Aoki, “High receiver sensitivity at 10 Gb/s using an Er-doped fiber preamplifier pumped with a 0.98 mu m laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 3(6), 551–553 (1991).

Fukagai, K.

T. Saito, Y. Sunohara, K. Fukagai, S. Ishikawa, N. Henmi, S. Fujita, and Y. Aoki, “High receiver sensitivity at 10 Gb/s using an Er-doped fiber preamplifier pumped with a 0.98 mu m laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 3(6), 551–553 (1991).

Ghioni, M.

Gnauck, A. H.

Goda, K.

K. K. Tsia, K. Goda, D. Capewell, and B. Jalali, “Performance of serial time-encoded amplified microscope,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10016–10028 (2010).
[PubMed]

K. Goda, K. K. Tsia, and B. Jalali, “Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena,” Nature 458(7242), 1145–1149 (2009).
[PubMed]

Hansen, H.

Hedekvist, P. O.

P. Kylemark, P. O. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(2), 409–416 (2004).

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, “Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1061–1063 (2003).

Henmi, N.

T. Saito, Y. Sunohara, K. Fukagai, S. Ishikawa, N. Henmi, S. Fujita, and Y. Aoki, “High receiver sensitivity at 10 Gb/s using an Er-doped fiber preamplifier pumped with a 0.98 mu m laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 3(6), 551–553 (1991).

Hettich, C.

Hsu, K.

Hu, H.

Huber, R.

Huntington, E. H.

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Versatile wideband balanced detector for quantum optical homodyne tomography,” Opt. Commun. 285(24), 5259–5267 (2012).

Ishikawa, S.

T. Saito, Y. Sunohara, K. Fukagai, S. Ishikawa, N. Henmi, S. Fujita, and Y. Aoki, “High receiver sensitivity at 10 Gb/s using an Er-doped fiber preamplifier pumped with a 0.98 mu m laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 3(6), 551–553 (1991).

Islam, M. N.

M. N. Islam and O. Boyraz, “Fiber parametric amplifiers for wavelength band conversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 527–537 (2002).

Itzler, M. A.

J. Zhang, M. A. Itzler, H. Zbinden, and J. Pan, “Advances in InGaAs/InP single-photon detector systems for quantum communication,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e286 (2015).

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6, 423–431 (2012).

Jalali, B.

K. K. Tsia, K. Goda, D. Capewell, and B. Jalali, “Performance of serial time-encoded amplified microscope,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10016–10028 (2010).
[PubMed]

K. Goda, K. K. Tsia, and B. Jalali, “Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena,” Nature 458(7242), 1145–1149 (2009).
[PubMed]

Jazayerifar, M.

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[PubMed]

Jensen, N.

B. Mikkelsen, C. G. Jorgensen, N. Jensen, T. Durhuus, K. E. Stubkjaer, P. Doussiere, and B. Fernier, “High-Performance Semiconductor Optical Preamplifier Receiver at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(9), 1096–1097 (1993).

Jinata, C.

Jopson, R. M.

Jorgensen, C. G.

B. Mikkelsen, C. G. Jorgensen, N. Jensen, T. Durhuus, K. E. Stubkjaer, P. Doussiere, and B. Fernier, “High-Performance Semiconductor Optical Preamplifier Receiver at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(9), 1096–1097 (1993).

Kang, J.

Karlsson, M.

Kazovsky, L. G.

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).

Konstantatos, G.

G. Konstantatos and E. H. Sargent, “Nanostructured materials for photon detection,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(6), 391–400 (2010).
[PubMed]

Kudlinski, A.

Kumar, P.

Kumar, R.

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Versatile wideband balanced detector for quantum optical homodyne tomography,” Opt. Commun. 285(24), 5259–5267 (2012).

Kumpera, A.

Kuo, B. P. P.

B. P. P. Kuo, K. Shimizu, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Receiver sensitivity improvement for ON-OFF keying signal by using optical parametric amplifier and balanced detection,”in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Winter Topical Meeting Series, (IEEE, 2008), pp. 59–60.

Kuwazuru, M.

K. Mochizuki, Y. Namihira, M. Kuwazuru, and M. Nunokawa, “Influence of hydrogen on optical fiber loss in submarine cables,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2(6), 802–807 (1984).

Kylemark, P.

Lacaita, A.

Lantz, E.

A. Durécu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).

Lasri, J.

Lau, A. K. S.

Li, B.

Li, J.

Y. Liang, J. Li, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, “High-sensitivity optical preamplifier for WDM systems using an optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1562–1564 (2009).

Liang, Y.

Y. Liang, J. Li, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, “High-sensitivity optical preamplifier for WDM systems using an optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1562–1564 (2009).

Lodahl, P.

Lorences-Riesgo, A.

Lu, G. W.

Lvovsky, A. I.

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Versatile wideband balanced detector for quantum optical homodyne tomography,” Opt. Commun. 285(24), 5259–5267 (2012).

H. Hansen, T. Aichele, C. Hettich, P. Lodahl, A. I. Lvovsky, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Ultrasensitive pulsed, balanced homodyne detector: application to time-domain quantum measurements,” Opt. Lett. 26(21), 1714–1716 (2001).
[PubMed]

MacRae, A.

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Versatile wideband balanced detector for quantum optical homodyne tomography,” Opt. Commun. 285(24), 5259–5267 (2012).

Maillotte, H.

A. Durécu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).

Malik, R.

Marhic, M. E.

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[PubMed]

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).

McKinstrie, C.

McKinstrie, C. J.

McManamon, P. F.

M. S. Salisbury, P. F. McManamon, and B. D. Duncan, “Sensitivity improvement of a 1-um ladar system incorporating an optical fiber preamplifier,” Opt. Eng. 32(11), 2671–2680 (1993).

Mikkelsen, B.

B. Mikkelsen, C. G. Jorgensen, N. Jensen, T. Durhuus, K. E. Stubkjaer, P. Doussiere, and B. Fernier, “High-Performance Semiconductor Optical Preamplifier Receiver at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(9), 1096–1097 (1993).

Mlynek, J.

Mochizuki, K.

K. Mochizuki, Y. Namihira, M. Kuwazuru, and M. Nunokawa, “Influence of hydrogen on optical fiber loss in submarine cables,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2(6), 802–807 (1984).

Morin, M.

Mussot, A.

X. Wei, A. K. S. Lau, Y. Xu, C. Zhang, A. Mussot, A. Kudlinski, K. K. Tsia, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Broadband fiber-optical parametric amplification for ultrafast time-stretch imaging at 1.0 μm,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5989–5992 (2014).
[PubMed]

A. Durécu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).

Namihira, Y.

K. Mochizuki, Y. Namihira, M. Kuwazuru, and M. Nunokawa, “Influence of hydrogen on optical fiber loss in submarine cables,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2(6), 802–807 (1984).

Nunokawa, M.

K. Mochizuki, Y. Namihira, M. Kuwazuru, and M. Nunokawa, “Influence of hydrogen on optical fiber loss in submarine cables,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2(6), 802–807 (1984).

Olsson, B. A.

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B. A. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).

Olsson, N. A.

N. A. Olsson, “Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(7), 1071–1082 (1989).

Painchaud, Y.

Pan, J.

J. Zhang, M. A. Itzler, H. Zbinden, and J. Pan, “Advances in InGaAs/InP single-photon detector systems for quantum communication,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e286 (2015).

Petropoulos, P.

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[PubMed]

Peucheret, C.

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[PubMed]

Poulin, M.

Radic, S.

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[PubMed]

C. McKinstrie, M. Yu, M. G. Raymer, and S. Radic, “Quantum noise properties of parametric processes,” Opt. Express 13(13), 4986–5012 (2005).
[PubMed]

Randel, S.

Raymer, M. G.

Reeves-Hall, P. C.

Rottwitt, K.

Saito, T.

T. Saito, Y. Sunohara, K. Fukagai, S. Ishikawa, N. Henmi, S. Fujita, and Y. Aoki, “High receiver sensitivity at 10 Gb/s using an Er-doped fiber preamplifier pumped with a 0.98 mu m laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 3(6), 551–553 (1991).

Salisbury, M. S.

M. S. Salisbury, P. F. McManamon, and B. D. Duncan, “Sensitivity improvement of a 1-um ladar system incorporating an optical fiber preamplifier,” Opt. Eng. 32(11), 2671–2680 (1993).

Samori, C.

Sargent, E. H.

G. Konstantatos and E. H. Sargent, “Nanostructured materials for photon detection,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(6), 391–400 (2010).
[PubMed]

Schiller, S.

Shcherbakov, I. A.

S. A. Filatova, I. A. Shcherbakov, and V. B. Tsvetkov, “Optical properties of animal tissues in the wavelength range from 350 to 2600 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(3), 35009 (2017).
[PubMed]

Shimizu, K.

B. P. P. Kuo, K. Shimizu, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Receiver sensitivity improvement for ON-OFF keying signal by using optical parametric amplifier and balanced detection,”in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Winter Topical Meeting Series, (IEEE, 2008), pp. 59–60.

Simonneau, C.

A. Durécu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).

Stipcevic, M.

Stubkjaer, K. E.

B. Mikkelsen, C. G. Jorgensen, N. Jensen, T. Durhuus, K. E. Stubkjaer, P. Doussiere, and B. Fernier, “High-Performance Semiconductor Optical Preamplifier Receiver at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(9), 1096–1097 (1993).

Sunnerud, H.

P. Kylemark, P. O. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(2), 409–416 (2004).

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, “Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1061–1063 (2003).

Sunohara, Y.

T. Saito, Y. Sunohara, K. Fukagai, S. Ishikawa, N. Henmi, S. Fujita, and Y. Aoki, “High receiver sensitivity at 10 Gb/s using an Er-doped fiber preamplifier pumped with a 0.98 mu m laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 3(6), 551–553 (1991).

Sylvestre, T.

A. Durécu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).

Syvridis, D.

Taira, K.

Tan, S.

Tang, R.

Taylor, J. R.

Têtu, M.

Tong, Z.

Torounidis, T.

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B. A. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, “Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1061–1063 (2003).

Tsia, K. K.

Tsuchiya, H.

Y. Yamamoto and H. Tsuchiya, “Optical receiver sensitivity improvement by a semiconductor laser preamplifier,” Electron. Lett. 16(6), 233–235 (1980).

Tsvetkov, V. B.

S. A. Filatova, I. A. Shcherbakov, and V. B. Tsvetkov, “Optical properties of animal tissues in the wavelength range from 350 to 2600 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(3), 35009 (2017).
[PubMed]

Voss, P. L.

Wang, X.

Wei, X.

Wojtkowski, M.

Wong, K. K. Y.

J. Kang, X. Wei, B. Li, X. Wang, L. Yu, S. Tan, C. Jinata, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Sensitivity enhancement in swept-source optical coherence tomography by parametric balanced detector and amplifier,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7(4), 1294–1304 (2016).
[PubMed]

X. Wei, A. K. S. Lau, Y. Xu, C. Zhang, A. Mussot, A. Kudlinski, K. K. Tsia, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Broadband fiber-optical parametric amplification for ultrafast time-stretch imaging at 1.0 μm,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5989–5992 (2014).
[PubMed]

Y. Liang, J. Li, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, “High-sensitivity optical preamplifier for WDM systems using an optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1562–1564 (2009).

K. K. Y. Wong, G. W. Lu, and L. K. Chen, “Polarization-interleaved WDM signals in a fiber optical parametric amplifier with orthogonal pumps,” Opt. Express 15(1), 56–61 (2007).
[PubMed]

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).

B. P. P. Kuo, K. Shimizu, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Receiver sensitivity improvement for ON-OFF keying signal by using optical parametric amplifier and balanced detection,”in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Winter Topical Meeting Series, (IEEE, 2008), pp. 59–60.

Xu, Y.

Yamamoto, Y.

Y. Yamamoto and H. Tsuchiya, “Optical receiver sensitivity improvement by a semiconductor laser preamplifier,” Electron. Lett. 16(6), 233–235 (1980).

Yu, L.

Yu, M.

Zappa, F.

Zbinden, H.

J. Zhang, M. A. Itzler, H. Zbinden, and J. Pan, “Advances in InGaAs/InP single-photon detector systems for quantum communication,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e286 (2015).

Zhang, C.

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, M. A. Itzler, H. Zbinden, and J. Pan, “Advances in InGaAs/InP single-photon detector systems for quantum communication,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e286 (2015).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. Yamamoto and H. Tsuchiya, “Optical receiver sensitivity improvement by a semiconductor laser preamplifier,” Electron. Lett. 16(6), 233–235 (1980).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).

M. N. Islam and O. Boyraz, “Fiber parametric amplifiers for wavelength band conversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 527–537 (2002).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (7)

A. Durécu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).

P. Kylemark, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Gain and wavelength dependence of the noise-figure in fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1255–1257 (2006).

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, “Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1061–1063 (2003).

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B. A. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).

Y. Liang, J. Li, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, “High-sensitivity optical preamplifier for WDM systems using an optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1562–1564 (2009).

B. Mikkelsen, C. G. Jorgensen, N. Jensen, T. Durhuus, K. E. Stubkjaer, P. Doussiere, and B. Fernier, “High-Performance Semiconductor Optical Preamplifier Receiver at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(9), 1096–1097 (1993).

T. Saito, Y. Sunohara, K. Fukagai, S. Ishikawa, N. Henmi, S. Fujita, and Y. Aoki, “High receiver sensitivity at 10 Gb/s using an Er-doped fiber preamplifier pumped with a 0.98 mu m laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 3(6), 551–553 (1991).

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

S. A. Filatova, I. A. Shcherbakov, and V. B. Tsvetkov, “Optical properties of animal tissues in the wavelength range from 350 to 2600 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(3), 35009 (2017).
[PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

K. Mochizuki, Y. Namihira, M. Kuwazuru, and M. Nunokawa, “Influence of hydrogen on optical fiber loss in submarine cables,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2(6), 802–807 (1984).

P. Kylemark, P. O. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(2), 409–416 (2004).

A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, P. Kylemark, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise characteristics of dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(9), 2788–2795 (2005).

N. A. Olsson, “Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(7), 1071–1082 (1989).

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

M. E. Marhic, P. A. Andrekson, P. Petropoulos, S. Radic, C. Peucheret, and M. Jazayerifar, “Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 50–74 (2015).
[PubMed]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

J. Zhang, M. A. Itzler, H. Zbinden, and J. Pan, “Advances in InGaAs/InP single-photon detector systems for quantum communication,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e286 (2015).

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

G. Konstantatos and E. H. Sargent, “Nanostructured materials for photon detection,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(6), 391–400 (2010).
[PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6, 423–431 (2012).

Nature (1)

K. Goda, K. K. Tsia, and B. Jalali, “Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena,” Nature 458(7242), 1145–1149 (2009).
[PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Kumar, E. Barrios, A. MacRae, E. Cairns, E. H. Huntington, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Versatile wideband balanced detector for quantum optical homodyne tomography,” Opt. Commun. 285(24), 5259–5267 (2012).

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. S. Salisbury, P. F. McManamon, and B. D. Duncan, “Sensitivity improvement of a 1-um ladar system incorporating an optical fiber preamplifier,” Opt. Eng. 32(11), 2671–2680 (1993).

Opt. Express (9)

K. K. Y. Wong, G. W. Lu, and L. K. Chen, “Polarization-interleaved WDM signals in a fiber optical parametric amplifier with orthogonal pumps,” Opt. Express 15(1), 56–61 (2007).
[PubMed]

Y. Painchaud, M. Poulin, M. Morin, and M. Têtu, “Performance of balanced detection in a coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3659–3672 (2009).
[PubMed]

R. Huber, M. Wojtkowski, K. Taira, J. Fujimoto, and K. Hsu, “Amplified, frequency swept lasers for frequency domain reflectometry and OCT imaging: design and scaling principles,” Opt. Express 13(9), 3513–3528 (2005).
[PubMed]

C. McKinstrie, M. Yu, M. G. Raymer, and S. Radic, “Quantum noise properties of parametric processes,” Opt. Express 13(13), 4986–5012 (2005).
[PubMed]

H. Hu, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, S. Randel, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Fiber nonlinearity mitigation of WDM-PDM QPSK/16-QAM signals using fiber-optic parametric amplifiers based multiple optical phase conjugations,” Opt. Express 25(3), 1618–1628 (2017).

A. Kumpera, R. Malik, A. Lorences-Riesgo, and P. A. Andrekson, “Parametric coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12952–12964 (2015).
[PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 18(3), 2884–2893 (2010).
[PubMed]

K. K. Tsia, K. Goda, D. Capewell, and B. Jalali, “Performance of serial time-encoded amplified microscope,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10016–10028 (2010).
[PubMed]

S. M. M. Friis, K. Rottwitt, and C. J. McKinstrie, “Raman and loss induced quantum noise in depleted fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29320–29331 (2013).
[PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Other (6)

B. P. P. Kuo, K. Shimizu, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Receiver sensitivity improvement for ON-OFF keying signal by using optical parametric amplifier and balanced detection,”in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Winter Topical Meeting Series, (IEEE, 2008), pp. 59–60.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (John Wiley & Sons, 2002), Chap. 4.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

American National Standards Institute, “American national standard for safe use of lasers,” ANSI Z136.1–200 (ANSI, 2000).

Keysight Technologies, “Preamplifiers and System Noise Figure,” http://literature.cdn.keysight.com/litweb/pdf/5989-5742EN.pdf .

M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices (Cambridge University Press, 2012).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the optical receiver sensitivity enhancement scheme. PC: polarization controller; WDMC: wavelength-division multiplexing coupler; HNL-DSF: highly-nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber; VOA: variable optical attenuator.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 SS-OCT images at different cases [30]. (a): conventional image; (b): image with single-band FOPA; (c): image with dual-band FOPA.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Sensitivity enhancement by FOPA at WDM communication system [19]

Equations (18)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P A =αG | E s + e s + e i | 2 +βG | E s + e s + e i | 2 =( α+β )G | E s + e s + e i | 2 .
I=η P A + i n =η( α+β )G | E s + e s + e i | 2 + i n ,
I m =η( α+β )G | E s + e s + e i | 2 + i n =η( α+β )G( | E s | 2 + | e s | 2 + | e i | 2 ) =η( α+β )G( P s +2 P ˜ s ) ,
I sig =η( α+β )G P s
δ I 2 = I 2 I m 2 = [ η( α+β )G | E s + e s + e i | 2 + i n ] 2 [ η( α+β )G( P s +2 P ˜ s ) ] 2 4 η 2 ( α+β ) 2 G 2 P s P ˜ s + i n 2 =4 η 2 ( α+β ) 2 G 2 P s P ˜ s +δ i n 2 .
SN R out = ( I sig δI ) 2 = [ η( α+β )G P s ] 2 4 η 2 ( α+β ) 2 G 2 P s P ˜ s +δ i n 2 = P s 2 4 P s P ˜ s +u .
u= δ i n 2 [ η( α+β )G ] 2 .
SN R 0 = ( I out δI ) 2 = [ η( α+β )GS( α,β ) ] 2 4 η 2 ( α+β ) 2 G 2 S( α+β ) P ˜ s +δ i n 2 = S ( α,β ) 2 4 P ˜ s S( α,β )+u .
S( α,β )=2 P ˜ s SN R 0 [ 1+ 1+ v ( α+β ) 2 ],
v= δ i n 2 4 P ˜ s η 2 G 2 SN R 0 .
S N ( α,0 )=2 P ˜ s SN R 0 [ 1+ 1+ v N α 2 ],
v N = δ i n 2 4 P ˜ s η 2 SN R 0 .
S( α,0 )=2 P ˜ s SN R 0 [ 1+ 1+ v a 2 ].
S( 0,β )=2 P ˜ s SN R 0 [ 1+ 1+ v β 2 ].
ρ s = S( α,0 ) S N ( α,0 ) = 1+ 1+ v α 2 1+ 1+ v N α 2 = 1+ 1+ v α 2 1+ 1+ v α 2 G 2 ,
ρ i = S( 0,β ) S N ( α,0 ) = 1+ 1+ v β 2 1+ 1+ v N α 2 = 1+ 1+ v β 2 1+ 1+ v α 2 G 2 .
ρ duals = S( α,β ) S( α,0 ) = 1+ 1+ v ( α+β ) 2 1+ 1+ v α 2 ,
ρ duali = S( α,β ) S( 0,β ) = 1+ 1+ v ( α+β ) 2 1+ 1+ v β 2 .

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