Abstract

A time-resolved study is presented of the single-mode and mode-switching dynamics observed in swept source vertical cavity surfing emitting lasers and swept wavelength short external cavity lasers. A self-delayed interferometric technique is used to experimentally measure the phase and intensity of these frequency swept lasers, allowing direct examination of the modal dynamics. Visualisation of the instantaneous optical spectrum reveals mode-hop free single mode lasing in the case of the vertical cavity laser, with a tuning rate of 6.3 GHz/ns. More complex mode-switching behaviour occurs in the external cavity laser, with the mode-hopping dynamics found to be dominated by the deterministic movement of the spectral filter. Evidence of transient multi-mode operation and mode-pulling is also presented.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (1)

2015 (2)

2014 (1)

2013 (3)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

M. Kuznetsov, W. Atia, B. Johnson, and D. Flanders, “Compact ultrafast reflective Fabry-Pérot tunable lasers for OCT imaging applications,” Proc. SPIE,  7554, 75541F (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Kelleher, D. Goulding, B. Baselga Pascual, S.P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Phasor plots in optical injection experiments,” Eur. Phys. J. D 58(2), 175–179 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, O. Rasskazov, S. Melnik, M. Hartnett, G. Greene, J. G. McInerney, D. Rachinskii, and G. Huyet, “Excitability in a quantum dot semiconductor laser with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

S. H. Yun, “Mode locking of a wavelength-swept laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2660–2662 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, J. Javaloyes, X. Hachair, M. Giudici, S. Balle, and J. Tredicce, “Modal switching in quantum-well semiconductor lasers with weak optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 609–618 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, X. Hachair, J. Tredicce, and S. Balle, “Mode-switching in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1365 (2004).
[Crossref]

1997 (3)

1994 (2)

R. Passy, N. Gisin, J. P. von der Weid, and H. H. Gilgen, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of coherent OFDR with semiconductor laser sources,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(9), 1622–1630 (1994).
[Crossref]

T.B. Simpson, J.M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

M. Ohtsu and Y. Teramachi, “Analyses of mode partition and mode hopping in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 25, 31–38 (1989).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

M. Ohtsu, Y. Teramachi, Y. Otsuka, and A. Osaki, “Analyses of mode-hopping phenomena in an AlGaAs laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22(4), 535–543 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (3)

D. Lenstra, B. H. Verbeek, and A. J. Den Boef, “Coherence collapse in single-mode semiconductor lasers due to optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 21, 674–679 (1985).
[Crossref]

N. Chinone, T. Kuroda, T. Ohtoshi, T. Takahashi, and T. Kajimura, “Mode-hopping noise in index-guided semiconductor lasers and its reduction by saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(8), 1267–1270 (1985).
[Crossref]

M. Ohtsu, Y. Otsuka, and Y. Teramachi, “Precise measurements and computer simulations of mode-hopping phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(2), 108–110 (1985).
[Crossref]

Alsing, M.

T.B. Simpson, J.M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
[Crossref]

Atia, W.

M. Kuznetsov, W. Atia, B. Johnson, and D. Flanders, “Compact ultrafast reflective Fabry-Pérot tunable lasers for OCT imaging applications,” Proc. SPIE,  7554, 75541F (2010).
[Crossref]

Avrutin, E.

E. Avrutin and L. Zhang, “Dynamics of semiconductor lasers under fast intracavity frequency sweeping,” IEEE 14th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (2012), pp. 1–4.

Bachmann, A. H.

S. Gloor, A. H. Bachmann, M. Epitaux, T. von Niederhausern, P. Vorreau, N. Matuschek, K. Hsu, M. Duelk, and C. Velez, “High-speed miniaturized swept sources based on resonant MEMS mirrors and diffraction gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8571, 85712X (2013).
[Crossref]

Balle, S.

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, J. Javaloyes, X. Hachair, M. Giudici, S. Balle, and J. Tredicce, “Modal switching in quantum-well semiconductor lasers with weak optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 609–618 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, X. Hachair, J. Tredicce, and S. Balle, “Mode-switching in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1365 (2004).
[Crossref]

Barland, S.

F. Gustave, L. Columbo, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, F. Prati, B. Kelleher, B. Tykalewicz, and S. Barland, “Dissipative phase solitons in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(4), 043902 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baselga Pascual, B.

B. Kelleher, D. Goulding, B. Baselga Pascual, S.P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Phasor plots in optical injection experiments,” Eur. Phys. J. D 58(2), 175–179 (2010).
[Crossref]

Biedermann, B.

Bouma, B.

Brambilla, M.

F. Gustave, L. Columbo, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, F. Prati, B. Kelleher, B. Tykalewicz, and S. Barland, “Dissipative phase solitons in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(4), 043902 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Butler, T.

T. Butler, S. Slepneva, B. O’Shaughnessy, B. Kelleher, D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, H.-C. Lyu, K. Karnowski, M. Wojtkowski, and G. Huyet, “Single shot, time-resolved measurement of the coherence properties of OCT swept source lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(10), 2277–2280 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Goulding, T. Butler, B. Kelleher, S. Slepneva, S. P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Visualisation of the phase and intensity dynamics of semiconductor lasers via electric field reconstruction,” in Nonlinear Dynamics: Materials, Theory and Experiments, M. Tlidi and M. G. Clerc, eds. (Springer2016), pp. 3–30.

Cable, A.

Cable, A. E.

Chinn, S. R.

Chinone, N.

N. Chinone, T. Kuroda, T. Ohtoshi, T. Takahashi, and T. Kajimura, “Mode-hopping noise in index-guided semiconductor lasers and its reduction by saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(8), 1267–1270 (1985).
[Crossref]

Choma, M. A.

J. A. Izatt and M. A. Choma, “Theory of optical coherence tomography,” in Optical Coherence Tomography, W. Drexler and J. G. Fujimoto, eds. (SpringerInternational Publishing, 2008), pp. 47–72.
[Crossref]

Columbo, L.

F. Gustave, L. Columbo, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, F. Prati, B. Kelleher, B. Tykalewicz, and S. Barland, “Dissipative phase solitons in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(4), 043902 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Den Boef, A. J.

D. Lenstra, B. H. Verbeek, and A. J. Den Boef, “Coherence collapse in single-mode semiconductor lasers due to optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 21, 674–679 (1985).
[Crossref]

Duelk, M.

S. Gloor, A. H. Bachmann, M. Epitaux, T. von Niederhausern, P. Vorreau, N. Matuschek, K. Hsu, M. Duelk, and C. Velez, “High-speed miniaturized swept sources based on resonant MEMS mirrors and diffraction gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8571, 85712X (2013).
[Crossref]

Duker, J.

Epitaux, M.

S. Gloor, A. H. Bachmann, M. Epitaux, T. von Niederhausern, P. Vorreau, N. Matuschek, K. Hsu, M. Duelk, and C. Velez, “High-speed miniaturized swept sources based on resonant MEMS mirrors and diffraction gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8571, 85712X (2013).
[Crossref]

Fercher, A.

Flanders, D.

M. Kuznetsov, W. Atia, B. Johnson, and D. Flanders, “Compact ultrafast reflective Fabry-Pérot tunable lasers for OCT imaging applications,” Proc. SPIE,  7554, 75541F (2010).
[Crossref]

Fujimoto, J.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Furfaro, L.

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, J. Javaloyes, X. Hachair, M. Giudici, S. Balle, and J. Tredicce, “Modal switching in quantum-well semiconductor lasers with weak optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 609–618 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, X. Hachair, J. Tredicce, and S. Balle, “Mode-switching in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1365 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gavrielides, A.

T.B. Simpson, J.M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
[Crossref]

Gilgen, H. H.

R. Passy, N. Gisin, J. P. von der Weid, and H. H. Gilgen, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of coherent OFDR with semiconductor laser sources,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(9), 1622–1630 (1994).
[Crossref]

Gisin, N.

R. Passy, N. Gisin, J. P. von der Weid, and H. H. Gilgen, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of coherent OFDR with semiconductor laser sources,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(9), 1622–1630 (1994).
[Crossref]

Giudici, M.

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, J. Javaloyes, X. Hachair, M. Giudici, S. Balle, and J. Tredicce, “Modal switching in quantum-well semiconductor lasers with weak optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 609–618 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, X. Hachair, J. Tredicce, and S. Balle, “Mode-switching in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1365 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gloor, S.

S. Gloor, A. H. Bachmann, M. Epitaux, T. von Niederhausern, P. Vorreau, N. Matuschek, K. Hsu, M. Duelk, and C. Velez, “High-speed miniaturized swept sources based on resonant MEMS mirrors and diffraction gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8571, 85712X (2013).
[Crossref]

Golubovic, B.

Goulding, D.

T. Butler, S. Slepneva, B. O’Shaughnessy, B. Kelleher, D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, H.-C. Lyu, K. Karnowski, M. Wojtkowski, and G. Huyet, “Single shot, time-resolved measurement of the coherence properties of OCT swept source lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(10), 2277–2280 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Kelleher, D. Goulding, B. Baselga Pascual, S.P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Phasor plots in optical injection experiments,” Eur. Phys. J. D 58(2), 175–179 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, O. Rasskazov, S. Melnik, M. Hartnett, G. Greene, J. G. McInerney, D. Rachinskii, and G. Huyet, “Excitability in a quantum dot semiconductor laser with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Goulding, T. Butler, B. Kelleher, S. Slepneva, S. P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Visualisation of the phase and intensity dynamics of semiconductor lasers via electric field reconstruction,” in Nonlinear Dynamics: Materials, Theory and Experiments, M. Tlidi and M. G. Clerc, eds. (Springer2016), pp. 3–30.

Gray, G. R.

Greene, G.

D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, O. Rasskazov, S. Melnik, M. Hartnett, G. Greene, J. G. McInerney, D. Rachinskii, and G. Huyet, “Excitability in a quantum dot semiconductor laser with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grulkowski, I.

Gustave, F.

F. Gustave, L. Columbo, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, F. Prati, B. Kelleher, B. Tykalewicz, and S. Barland, “Dissipative phase solitons in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(4), 043902 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hachair, X.

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, J. Javaloyes, X. Hachair, M. Giudici, S. Balle, and J. Tredicce, “Modal switching in quantum-well semiconductor lasers with weak optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 609–618 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, X. Hachair, J. Tredicce, and S. Balle, “Mode-switching in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1365 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hartnett, M.

D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, O. Rasskazov, S. Melnik, M. Hartnett, G. Greene, J. G. McInerney, D. Rachinskii, and G. Huyet, “Excitability in a quantum dot semiconductor laser with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hegarty, S. P.

T. Butler, S. Slepneva, B. O’Shaughnessy, B. Kelleher, D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, H.-C. Lyu, K. Karnowski, M. Wojtkowski, and G. Huyet, “Single shot, time-resolved measurement of the coherence properties of OCT swept source lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(10), 2277–2280 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Slepneva, B. O’Shaughnessy, B. Kelleher, S. P. Hegarty, A. Vladimirov, H.-C. Lyu, K. Karnowski, M. Wojtkowski, and G. Huyet, “Dynamics of a short cavity swept source OCT laser,” Opt. Express 22(15), 18177–18185 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Slepneva, B. Kelleher, B. O’Shaughnessy, S. P. Hegarty, A. Vladimirov, and G. Huyet, “Dynamics of Fourier domain mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Express 21(16), 19240–19251 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, O. Rasskazov, S. Melnik, M. Hartnett, G. Greene, J. G. McInerney, D. Rachinskii, and G. Huyet, “Excitability in a quantum dot semiconductor laser with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Goulding, T. Butler, B. Kelleher, S. Slepneva, S. P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Visualisation of the phase and intensity dynamics of semiconductor lasers via electric field reconstruction,” in Nonlinear Dynamics: Materials, Theory and Experiments, M. Tlidi and M. G. Clerc, eds. (Springer2016), pp. 3–30.

Hegarty, S.P.

B. Kelleher, D. Goulding, B. Baselga Pascual, S.P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Phasor plots in optical injection experiments,” Eur. Phys. J. D 58(2), 175–179 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hitzenberger, C.

Hsu, K.

S. Gloor, A. H. Bachmann, M. Epitaux, T. von Niederhausern, P. Vorreau, N. Matuschek, K. Hsu, M. Duelk, and C. Velez, “High-speed miniaturized swept sources based on resonant MEMS mirrors and diffraction gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8571, 85712X (2013).
[Crossref]

Huber, R.

Huyet, G.

T. Butler, S. Slepneva, B. O’Shaughnessy, B. Kelleher, D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, H.-C. Lyu, K. Karnowski, M. Wojtkowski, and G. Huyet, “Single shot, time-resolved measurement of the coherence properties of OCT swept source lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(10), 2277–2280 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Slepneva, B. O’Shaughnessy, B. Kelleher, S. P. Hegarty, A. Vladimirov, H.-C. Lyu, K. Karnowski, M. Wojtkowski, and G. Huyet, “Dynamics of a short cavity swept source OCT laser,” Opt. Express 22(15), 18177–18185 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Slepneva, B. Kelleher, B. O’Shaughnessy, S. P. Hegarty, A. Vladimirov, and G. Huyet, “Dynamics of Fourier domain mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Express 21(16), 19240–19251 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Kelleher, D. Goulding, B. Baselga Pascual, S.P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Phasor plots in optical injection experiments,” Eur. Phys. J. D 58(2), 175–179 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, O. Rasskazov, S. Melnik, M. Hartnett, G. Greene, J. G. McInerney, D. Rachinskii, and G. Huyet, “Excitability in a quantum dot semiconductor laser with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Goulding, T. Butler, B. Kelleher, S. Slepneva, S. P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Visualisation of the phase and intensity dynamics of semiconductor lasers via electric field reconstruction,” in Nonlinear Dynamics: Materials, Theory and Experiments, M. Tlidi and M. G. Clerc, eds. (Springer2016), pp. 3–30.

Izatt, J. A.

J. A. Izatt and M. A. Choma, “Theory of optical coherence tomography,” in Optical Coherence Tomography, W. Drexler and J. G. Fujimoto, eds. (SpringerInternational Publishing, 2008), pp. 47–72.
[Crossref]

Javaloyes, J.

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, J. Javaloyes, X. Hachair, M. Giudici, S. Balle, and J. Tredicce, “Modal switching in quantum-well semiconductor lasers with weak optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 609–618 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jayaraman, V.

Jiang, J.

Jiruaschek, C.

Johnson, B.

M. Kuznetsov, W. Atia, B. Johnson, and D. Flanders, “Compact ultrafast reflective Fabry-Pérot tunable lasers for OCT imaging applications,” Proc. SPIE,  7554, 75541F (2010).
[Crossref]

Kajimura, T.

N. Chinone, T. Kuroda, T. Ohtoshi, T. Takahashi, and T. Kajimura, “Mode-hopping noise in index-guided semiconductor lasers and its reduction by saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(8), 1267–1270 (1985).
[Crossref]

Karnowski, K.

Kelleher, B.

T. Butler, S. Slepneva, B. O’Shaughnessy, B. Kelleher, D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, H.-C. Lyu, K. Karnowski, M. Wojtkowski, and G. Huyet, “Single shot, time-resolved measurement of the coherence properties of OCT swept source lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(10), 2277–2280 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Gustave, L. Columbo, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, F. Prati, B. Kelleher, B. Tykalewicz, and S. Barland, “Dissipative phase solitons in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(4), 043902 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Slepneva, B. O’Shaughnessy, B. Kelleher, S. P. Hegarty, A. Vladimirov, H.-C. Lyu, K. Karnowski, M. Wojtkowski, and G. Huyet, “Dynamics of a short cavity swept source OCT laser,” Opt. Express 22(15), 18177–18185 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Slepneva, B. Kelleher, B. O’Shaughnessy, S. P. Hegarty, A. Vladimirov, and G. Huyet, “Dynamics of Fourier domain mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Express 21(16), 19240–19251 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Kelleher, D. Goulding, B. Baselga Pascual, S.P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Phasor plots in optical injection experiments,” Eur. Phys. J. D 58(2), 175–179 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Goulding, T. Butler, B. Kelleher, S. Slepneva, S. P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Visualisation of the phase and intensity dynamics of semiconductor lasers via electric field reconstruction,” in Nonlinear Dynamics: Materials, Theory and Experiments, M. Tlidi and M. G. Clerc, eds. (Springer2016), pp. 3–30.

Kovanis, V.

T.B. Simpson, J.M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kulhavy, M.

Kuroda, T.

N. Chinone, T. Kuroda, T. Ohtoshi, T. Takahashi, and T. Kajimura, “Mode-hopping noise in index-guided semiconductor lasers and its reduction by saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(8), 1267–1270 (1985).
[Crossref]

Kuznetsov, M.

M. Kuznetsov, W. Atia, B. Johnson, and D. Flanders, “Compact ultrafast reflective Fabry-Pérot tunable lasers for OCT imaging applications,” Proc. SPIE,  7554, 75541F (2010).
[Crossref]

Lenstra, D.

D. Lenstra, B. H. Verbeek, and A. J. Den Boef, “Coherence collapse in single-mode semiconductor lasers due to optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 21, 674–679 (1985).
[Crossref]

Lexer, F.

Liu, J.

Liu, J. J.

Liu, J.M.

T.B. Simpson, J.M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lu, C.

Lux, O.

Lyu, H.-C.

Matuschek, N.

S. Gloor, A. H. Bachmann, M. Epitaux, T. von Niederhausern, P. Vorreau, N. Matuschek, K. Hsu, M. Duelk, and C. Velez, “High-speed miniaturized swept sources based on resonant MEMS mirrors and diffraction gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8571, 85712X (2013).
[Crossref]

McInerney, J. G.

D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, O. Rasskazov, S. Melnik, M. Hartnett, G. Greene, J. G. McInerney, D. Rachinskii, and G. Huyet, “Excitability in a quantum dot semiconductor laser with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McKay, A.

Melnik, S.

D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, O. Rasskazov, S. Melnik, M. Hartnett, G. Greene, J. G. McInerney, D. Rachinskii, and G. Huyet, “Excitability in a quantum dot semiconductor laser with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mildren, R. P.

O’Shaughnessy, B.

Ohtoshi, T.

N. Chinone, T. Kuroda, T. Ohtoshi, T. Takahashi, and T. Kajimura, “Mode-hopping noise in index-guided semiconductor lasers and its reduction by saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(8), 1267–1270 (1985).
[Crossref]

Ohtsu, M.

M. Ohtsu and Y. Teramachi, “Analyses of mode partition and mode hopping in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 25, 31–38 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. Ohtsu, Y. Teramachi, Y. Otsuka, and A. Osaki, “Analyses of mode-hopping phenomena in an AlGaAs laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22(4), 535–543 (1986).
[Crossref]

M. Ohtsu, Y. Otsuka, and Y. Teramachi, “Precise measurements and computer simulations of mode-hopping phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(2), 108–110 (1985).
[Crossref]

Osaki, A.

M. Ohtsu, Y. Teramachi, Y. Otsuka, and A. Osaki, “Analyses of mode-hopping phenomena in an AlGaAs laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22(4), 535–543 (1986).
[Crossref]

Otsuka, Y.

M. Ohtsu, Y. Teramachi, Y. Otsuka, and A. Osaki, “Analyses of mode-hopping phenomena in an AlGaAs laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22(4), 535–543 (1986).
[Crossref]

M. Ohtsu, Y. Otsuka, and Y. Teramachi, “Precise measurements and computer simulations of mode-hopping phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(2), 108–110 (1985).
[Crossref]

Passy, R.

R. Passy, N. Gisin, J. P. von der Weid, and H. H. Gilgen, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of coherent OFDR with semiconductor laser sources,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(9), 1622–1630 (1994).
[Crossref]

Pedaci, F.

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, J. Javaloyes, X. Hachair, M. Giudici, S. Balle, and J. Tredicce, “Modal switching in quantum-well semiconductor lasers with weak optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 609–618 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, X. Hachair, J. Tredicce, and S. Balle, “Mode-switching in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1365 (2004).
[Crossref]

Potsaid, B.

Prati, F.

F. Gustave, L. Columbo, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, F. Prati, B. Kelleher, B. Tykalewicz, and S. Barland, “Dissipative phase solitons in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(4), 043902 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rachinskii, D.

D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, O. Rasskazov, S. Melnik, M. Hartnett, G. Greene, J. G. McInerney, D. Rachinskii, and G. Huyet, “Excitability in a quantum dot semiconductor laser with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rasskazov, O.

D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, O. Rasskazov, S. Melnik, M. Hartnett, G. Greene, J. G. McInerney, D. Rachinskii, and G. Huyet, “Excitability in a quantum dot semiconductor laser with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roy, R.

Sarang, S.

Simpson, T.B.

T.B. Simpson, J.M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
[Crossref]

Slepneva, S.

Swanson, E. A.

Takahashi, T.

N. Chinone, T. Kuroda, T. Ohtoshi, T. Takahashi, and T. Kajimura, “Mode-hopping noise in index-guided semiconductor lasers and its reduction by saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(8), 1267–1270 (1985).
[Crossref]

Tearney, G.

Teramachi, Y.

M. Ohtsu and Y. Teramachi, “Analyses of mode partition and mode hopping in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 25, 31–38 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. Ohtsu, Y. Teramachi, Y. Otsuka, and A. Osaki, “Analyses of mode-hopping phenomena in an AlGaAs laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22(4), 535–543 (1986).
[Crossref]

M. Ohtsu, Y. Otsuka, and Y. Teramachi, “Precise measurements and computer simulations of mode-hopping phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(2), 108–110 (1985).
[Crossref]

Tissoni, G.

F. Gustave, L. Columbo, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, F. Prati, B. Kelleher, B. Tykalewicz, and S. Barland, “Dissipative phase solitons in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(4), 043902 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Todor, S.

Tredicce, J.

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, J. Javaloyes, X. Hachair, M. Giudici, S. Balle, and J. Tredicce, “Modal switching in quantum-well semiconductor lasers with weak optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 609–618 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, X. Hachair, J. Tredicce, and S. Balle, “Mode-switching in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1365 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tykalewicz, B.

F. Gustave, L. Columbo, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, F. Prati, B. Kelleher, B. Tykalewicz, and S. Barland, “Dissipative phase solitons in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(4), 043902 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Velez, C.

S. Gloor, A. H. Bachmann, M. Epitaux, T. von Niederhausern, P. Vorreau, N. Matuschek, K. Hsu, M. Duelk, and C. Velez, “High-speed miniaturized swept sources based on resonant MEMS mirrors and diffraction gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8571, 85712X (2013).
[Crossref]

Verbeek, B. H.

D. Lenstra, B. H. Verbeek, and A. J. Den Boef, “Coherence collapse in single-mode semiconductor lasers due to optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 21, 674–679 (1985).
[Crossref]

Vladimirov, A.

von der Weid, J. P.

R. Passy, N. Gisin, J. P. von der Weid, and H. H. Gilgen, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of coherent OFDR with semiconductor laser sources,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(9), 1622–1630 (1994).
[Crossref]

von Niederhausern, T.

S. Gloor, A. H. Bachmann, M. Epitaux, T. von Niederhausern, P. Vorreau, N. Matuschek, K. Hsu, M. Duelk, and C. Velez, “High-speed miniaturized swept sources based on resonant MEMS mirrors and diffraction gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8571, 85712X (2013).
[Crossref]

Vorreau, P.

S. Gloor, A. H. Bachmann, M. Epitaux, T. von Niederhausern, P. Vorreau, N. Matuschek, K. Hsu, M. Duelk, and C. Velez, “High-speed miniaturized swept sources based on resonant MEMS mirrors and diffraction gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8571, 85712X (2013).
[Crossref]

Wieser, W.

Williams, R. J.

Wojtkowski, M.

Yun, S. H.

Zhang, L.

E. Avrutin and L. Zhang, “Dynamics of semiconductor lasers under fast intracavity frequency sweeping,” IEEE 14th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (2012), pp. 1–4.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

T.B. Simpson, J.M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
[Crossref]

M. Ohtsu, Y. Otsuka, and Y. Teramachi, “Precise measurements and computer simulations of mode-hopping phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(2), 108–110 (1985).
[Crossref]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

B. Kelleher, D. Goulding, B. Baselga Pascual, S.P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Phasor plots in optical injection experiments,” Eur. Phys. J. D 58(2), 175–179 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quant. Electron. (2)

M. Ohtsu and Y. Teramachi, “Analyses of mode partition and mode hopping in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 25, 31–38 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. Lenstra, B. H. Verbeek, and A. J. Den Boef, “Coherence collapse in single-mode semiconductor lasers due to optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 21, 674–679 (1985).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

M. Ohtsu, Y. Teramachi, Y. Otsuka, and A. Osaki, “Analyses of mode-hopping phenomena in an AlGaAs laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22(4), 535–543 (1986).
[Crossref]

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, M. Giudici, X. Hachair, J. Tredicce, and S. Balle, “Mode-switching in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(10), 1365 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Furfaro, F. Pedaci, J. Javaloyes, X. Hachair, M. Giudici, S. Balle, and J. Tredicce, “Modal switching in quantum-well semiconductor lasers with weak optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 609–618 (2005).
[Crossref]

N. Chinone, T. Kuroda, T. Ohtoshi, T. Takahashi, and T. Kajimura, “Mode-hopping noise in index-guided semiconductor lasers and its reduction by saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(8), 1267–1270 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

R. Passy, N. Gisin, J. P. von der Weid, and H. H. Gilgen, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of coherent OFDR with semiconductor laser sources,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(9), 1622–1630 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

F. Gustave, L. Columbo, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, F. Prati, B. Kelleher, B. Tykalewicz, and S. Barland, “Dissipative phase solitons in semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(4), 043902 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, O. Rasskazov, S. Melnik, M. Hartnett, G. Greene, J. G. McInerney, D. Rachinskii, and G. Huyet, “Excitability in a quantum dot semiconductor laser with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (2)

M. Kuznetsov, W. Atia, B. Johnson, and D. Flanders, “Compact ultrafast reflective Fabry-Pérot tunable lasers for OCT imaging applications,” Proc. SPIE,  7554, 75541F (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Gloor, A. H. Bachmann, M. Epitaux, T. von Niederhausern, P. Vorreau, N. Matuschek, K. Hsu, M. Duelk, and C. Velez, “High-speed miniaturized swept sources based on resonant MEMS mirrors and diffraction gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8571, 85712X (2013).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

D. Goulding, T. Butler, B. Kelleher, S. Slepneva, S. P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Visualisation of the phase and intensity dynamics of semiconductor lasers via electric field reconstruction,” in Nonlinear Dynamics: Materials, Theory and Experiments, M. Tlidi and M. G. Clerc, eds. (Springer2016), pp. 3–30.

J. A. Izatt and M. A. Choma, “Theory of optical coherence tomography,” in Optical Coherence Tomography, W. Drexler and J. G. Fujimoto, eds. (SpringerInternational Publishing, 2008), pp. 47–72.
[Crossref]

E. Avrutin and L. Zhang, “Dynamics of semiconductor lasers under fast intracavity frequency sweeping,” IEEE 14th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (2012), pp. 1–4.

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Visualisation 1: Animation of the mode-hopping dynamics of an external cavity swept semiconductor laser

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Electric field reconstruction of a swept VCSEL. The main plot shows the electric field spectrogram of a short section in the middle of the sweep, showing mode-hop free single mode emission. The upper inset presents the instantaneous frequency recovered for the entire forward sweep. The lower inset presents the average instantanteous lineshape of the laser, with a linewidth of ∼225 MHz.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Recovered single shot instantaneous frequency of the short cavity laser over a 50 μs measurement. (b) Time-resolved intensity (grey) and frequency (red) of the laser during the slow part of the filter path. (c) Intensity and (d) frequency of the laser during a single mode hopping event, as indicated by the box in (b).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Instantaneous frequency during a mode-hopping event. (b) Instantaneous optical spectra corresponding to the three dashed lines in (a) showing the laser spectrum during the CW regions. See Visualization 1 for an animation of this measurement.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Time resolved intensity during a mode-hopping event. (b) Instantaneous optical spectra corresponding to the three dashed lines in (a) showing the laser spectrum before, during and after the mode-hopping event.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Optical spectrogram of the mode-hopping occuring in the AXSUN laser.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Center frequency of each of the modes presented in Fig. 5 over their relative lifetimes. Inset shows the measured centres for a single mode plotted over the spectrogram. Each mode is measured from its relative creation time. The frequency axis is relative, with a fixed offset (0.5 GHz) between each line used to make the behaviour of each mode clear.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Experimentally measured mode lifetime during a 1 μs section of mode-hopping. During this time the filter speed is slowing down. The line plots a fit to the lifetime in terms of the linearly decreasing filter speed.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Frequency spacing evolution between adjacent mode hops during 1 μs of lasing.

Equations (1)

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S ( ω , τ ) = | FFT [ ( t , τ ) E ( t ) ] | 2 ,

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