Abstract

Smith-Purcell effect is well known as a source of monochromatic electromagnetic radiation. In this paper we present the generalized theory of Smith-Purcell radiation from periodic beams. The form-factors describing both coherent and incoherent regimes of radiation are calculated. The radiation characteristics are investigated in two practically important frequency ranges, THz and X-ray, for two modulation profiles, most frequently used in practice – a train of microbunches and a Gaussian-shaped one, characterized by sinusoidal modulation with an arbitrary modulation depth. On the base of the theory developed we show that a modulated electron beam consisting of a set of bunches makes it possible to improve significantly the spectral line monochromaticity of the light emitted, reaching values better than 1% for short gratings. We demonstrate as well that Smith-Purcell radiation can be used for non-destructive diagnostics of the depth of modulation for partially modulated beams. These findings not only open up a new way to manipulate the light emission using Smith-Purcell effect but also promise a profound impact for other radiation sources based on charged particle beams, such as undulator radiation in FELs, next-generation X-ray radiation source based on inverse Compton scattering, in a wide range from THz to X-rays.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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  3. V. Blackmore, G. Doucas, C. Perry, B. Ottewell, M. F. Kimmitt, M. Woods, S. Molloy, and R. Arnold, “First measurements of the longitudinal bunch profile of a 28.5 GeV beam using coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 12, 032803 (2009).
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    [PubMed]

2017 (5)

D. Li, Y. Wang, M. Nakajima, M. Tani, M. Hashida, M. R. Asakawa, Y. Wei, and S. Miyamoto, “Coherent radiation at the fundamental frequency by a Smith-Purcell free-electron laser with dielectric substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 151108 (2017).

G. A. Naumenko, A. P. Potylitsyn, D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, M. N. Strikhanov, and V. V. Bleko, “First experimental observation of the conical effect in Smith-Purcell radiation,” JETP Lett. 105, 553–560 (2017).

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Microscopic theory of Smith-Purcell radiation from 2D photonic crystal,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 402, 206–211 (2017).

H. Zhang, I. V. Konoplev, A. J. Lancaster, H. Harrison, G. Doucas, A. Aryshev, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Non-destructive measurement and monitoring of separation of charged particle micro-bunches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 043505 (2017).

L. Liang, W. Liu, O. Jia, L. Wang, and Y. Lu, “High-harmonic terahertz Smith-Purcell free-electron-laser with two tandem cylindrical-gratings,” Opt. Express 25, 2960 (2017).

2016 (3)

P. Kumar, L. Bhasin, V. K. Tripathi, A. Kumar, and M. Kumar, “Smith–Purcell terahertz radiation from laser modulated electron beam over a metallic grating,” Phys. Plasmas 23, 093301 (2016).

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
[PubMed]

X. Z. Meng, M. H. Wang, L. M. Zhang, and Z. M. Ren, “Characteristic analysis of a Smith–Purcell terahertz source,” Photonics Res. 4, 162–167 (2016).

2015 (4)

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Conical diffraction effect in optical and x-ray Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 18, 052801 (2015).

P. Zhang, L. K. Ang, and A. Gover, “Enhancement of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation at terahertz frequency by optimized grating, prebunched beams, and open cavity,” Phys. Rev. 18, 020702 (2015).

B. Marchetti, A. Bacci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. Ferrario, A. Mostacci, R. Pompili, C. Ronsivalle, B. Spataro, and I. Zagorodnov, “Novel schemes for the optimization of the SPARC narrow band THz source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073301 (2015).
[PubMed]

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Influence of beam divergence on form-factor in X-ray diffraction radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 355, 175–179 (2015).

2014 (1)

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

2013 (2)

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “X-ray Diffraction and Transition Radiation from Charged Particles Bunches,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. B 309, 189–193 (2013).

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
[PubMed]

2012 (4)

J. C. T. Thangaraj, R. Thurman-Keup, J. Ruan, A. S. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, and J. Santucci, “Experimental studies on coherent synchrotron radiation at an emittance exchange beam line,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 110702 (2012).

Y. Zhang and L. Dong, “Enhanced coherent terahertz Smith-Purcell superradiation excited by two electron-beams,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22627–22635 (2012).
[PubMed]

D. Li, M. Hangyo, Y. Tsunawaki, Z. Yang, Y. Wei, S. Miyamoto, M. Asakawa, and K. Imasakia, “Super-radiant Smith-Purcell radiation from periodic line charges”, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 674, 20–23 (2012).

W. S. Graves, F. X. Kärtner, D. E. Moncton, and P. Piot, “Intense Superradiant X Rays from a Compact Source Using a Nanocathode Array and Emittance Exchange,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(26), 263904 (2012).
[PubMed]

2011 (1)

P. Piot, Y.-E. Sun, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, A. H. Lumpkin, M. M. Rihaoui, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Observation of coherently enhanced tunable narrow-band terahertz transition radiation from a relativistic sub-picosecond electron bunch train,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 261501 (2011).

2010 (1)

Y. E. Sun, P. Piot, A. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Tunable subpicosecond electron-bunch-train generation using a transverse-to-longitudinal phase-space exchange technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 234801 (2010).
[PubMed]

2009 (1)

V. Blackmore, G. Doucas, C. Perry, B. Ottewell, M. F. Kimmitt, M. Woods, S. Molloy, and R. Arnold, “First measurements of the longitudinal bunch profile of a 28.5 GeV beam using coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 12, 032803 (2009).

2008 (2)

Y. Li, Y.-E. Sun, and K.-J. Kim, “High-power beam-based coherently enhanced THz radiation source,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 080701 (2008).

P. Musumeci, J. T. Moody, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, and T. Tran, “Experimental generation and Characterization of Uniformly Filled Ellipsoidal Electron-Beam Distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 244801 (2008).
[PubMed]

2007 (1)

M. Boscolo, M. Ferrario, C. Vaccarezza, I. Boscolo, F. Castelli, and S. Cialdi, “A train of micro-bunches for PWFA experiments produced by RF photoinjectors,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 21, 415–421 (2007).

2006 (1)

A. S. Kesar, R. A. Marsh, and R. J. Temkin, “Power measurement of frequency-locked Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 9, 022801 (2006).

2005 (4)

P. Musumeci, C. Pellegrini, and J. B. Rosenzweig, “Higher harmonic inverse free-electron laser interaction,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1 Pt 2), 016501 (2005).
[PubMed]

A. Gover, “Superradiant and stimulated-superradiant emission in prebunched electron-beam radiators. I. Formulation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 8, 030701 (2005).

H. L. Andrews, C. H. Boulware, C. A. Brau, and J. D. Jarvis, “Dispersion and attenuation in a Smith-Purcell free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 8, 050703 (2005).

S. E. Korbly, A. S. Kesar, J. R. Sirigiri, and R. J. Temkin, “Observation of Frequency-Locked Coherent Terahertz Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(5), 054803 (2005).
[PubMed]

2002 (3)

A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
[PubMed]

G. Doucas, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Doria, G. P. Gallerano, E. Giovenale, G. Messina, H. L. Andrews, and J. H. Brownell, “Determination of longitudinal bunch shape by means of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 5, 072802 (2002).

G. Kube, H. Backe, H. Euteneuer, A. Grendel, F. Hagenbuck, H. Hartmann, K. H. Kaiser, W. Lauth, H. Schöpe, G. Wagner, T. Walcher, and M. Kretzschmar, “Observation of optical Smith-Purcell radiation at an electron beam energy of 855 MeV,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(5 Pt 2), 056501 (2002).
[PubMed]

2000 (1)

A. P. Potylitsyn, P. V. Karataev, and G. A. Naumenko, “Resonant diffraction radiation from an ultrarelativistic particle moving close to a tilted grating,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 61(6 Pt B), 7039–7045 (2000).
[PubMed]

1998 (2)

J. H. Brownell, J. Walsh, and G. Doucas, “Spontaneous Smith-Purcell radiation described through induced surface currents,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 57, 1075 (1998).

J. Urata, M. Goldstein, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Naumov, C. Platt, and J. E. Walsh, “Superradiant Smith-Purcell Emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 516–519 (1998).

1997 (1)

O. Haeberle, P. Rullhusen, J.-M. Salome, and N. Maene, “Smith-Purcell radiation from electrons moving parallel to a gratingat oblique incidence to the rulings,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55, 4675 (1997).

1994 (1)

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 50(2), 1479–1484 (1994).
[PubMed]

1984 (1)

1963 (1)

A. P. Kazantsev and G. I. Surdutovich, “Radiation of a charged particle flying by metal screen,” Sov. Phys. Dokl. 7, 990 (1963).

1953 (1)

S. J. Smith and E. M. Purcell, “Visible light from localized surface charges moving across a grating,” Phys. Rev. 92, 1069–1070 (1953).

Andrews, H. L.

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

H. L. Andrews, C. H. Boulware, C. A. Brau, and J. D. Jarvis, “Dispersion and attenuation in a Smith-Purcell free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 8, 050703 (2005).

G. Doucas, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Doria, G. P. Gallerano, E. Giovenale, G. Messina, H. L. Andrews, and J. H. Brownell, “Determination of longitudinal bunch shape by means of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 5, 072802 (2002).

Ang, L. K.

P. Zhang, L. K. Ang, and A. Gover, “Enhancement of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation at terahertz frequency by optimized grating, prebunched beams, and open cavity,” Phys. Rev. 18, 020702 (2015).

Araki, S.

A. Aryshev, S. Araki, M. Fukuda, K. Lekomtsev, M. Shevelev, J. Urakawa, A. Potylitsyn, and K. Sakaue, “Development of advanced THz generation schemes at KEK LUCX facility,” in Proceedings of the 10 Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (2013), pp. 873–876.

Arnold, R.

V. Blackmore, G. Doucas, C. Perry, B. Ottewell, M. F. Kimmitt, M. Woods, S. Molloy, and R. Arnold, “First measurements of the longitudinal bunch profile of a 28.5 GeV beam using coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 12, 032803 (2009).

Aryshev, A.

H. Zhang, I. V. Konoplev, A. J. Lancaster, H. Harrison, G. Doucas, A. Aryshev, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Non-destructive measurement and monitoring of separation of charged particle micro-bunches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 043505 (2017).

A. Aryshev, S. Araki, M. Fukuda, K. Lekomtsev, M. Shevelev, J. Urakawa, A. Potylitsyn, and K. Sakaue, “Development of advanced THz generation schemes at KEK LUCX facility,” in Proceedings of the 10 Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (2013), pp. 873–876.

Asakawa, M.

D. Li, M. Hangyo, Y. Tsunawaki, Z. Yang, Y. Wei, S. Miyamoto, M. Asakawa, and K. Imasakia, “Super-radiant Smith-Purcell radiation from periodic line charges”, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 674, 20–23 (2012).

Asakawa, M. R.

D. Li, Y. Wang, M. Nakajima, M. Tani, M. Hashida, M. R. Asakawa, Y. Wei, and S. Miyamoto, “Coherent radiation at the fundamental frequency by a Smith-Purcell free-electron laser with dielectric substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 151108 (2017).

Babzien, M.

A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
[PubMed]

Bacci, A.

B. Marchetti, A. Bacci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. Ferrario, A. Mostacci, R. Pompili, C. Ronsivalle, B. Spataro, and I. Zagorodnov, “Novel schemes for the optimization of the SPARC narrow band THz source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073301 (2015).
[PubMed]

Backe, H.

G. Kube, H. Backe, H. Euteneuer, A. Grendel, F. Hagenbuck, H. Hartmann, K. H. Kaiser, W. Lauth, H. Schöpe, G. Wagner, T. Walcher, and M. Kretzschmar, “Observation of optical Smith-Purcell radiation at an electron beam energy of 855 MeV,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(5 Pt 2), 056501 (2002).
[PubMed]

Barros, J.

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

Bartolini, R.

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

Bellaveglia, M.

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
[PubMed]

Ben-Zvi, I.

A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
[PubMed]

Bhasin, L.

P. Kumar, L. Bhasin, V. K. Tripathi, A. Kumar, and M. Kumar, “Smith–Purcell terahertz radiation from laser modulated electron beam over a metallic grating,” Phys. Plasmas 23, 093301 (2016).

Blackmore, V.

V. Blackmore, G. Doucas, C. Perry, B. Ottewell, M. F. Kimmitt, M. Woods, S. Molloy, and R. Arnold, “First measurements of the longitudinal bunch profile of a 28.5 GeV beam using coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 12, 032803 (2009).

Bleko, V. V.

G. A. Naumenko, A. P. Potylitsyn, D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, M. N. Strikhanov, and V. V. Bleko, “First experimental observation of the conical effect in Smith-Purcell radiation,” JETP Lett. 105, 553–560 (2017).

Blomley, E.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
[PubMed]

Boscolo, I.

M. Boscolo, M. Ferrario, C. Vaccarezza, I. Boscolo, F. Castelli, and S. Cialdi, “A train of micro-bunches for PWFA experiments produced by RF photoinjectors,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 21, 415–421 (2007).

Boscolo, M.

M. Boscolo, M. Ferrario, C. Vaccarezza, I. Boscolo, F. Castelli, and S. Cialdi, “A train of micro-bunches for PWFA experiments produced by RF photoinjectors,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 21, 415–421 (2007).

Boulware, C. H.

H. L. Andrews, C. H. Boulware, C. A. Brau, and J. D. Jarvis, “Dispersion and attenuation in a Smith-Purcell free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 8, 050703 (2005).

Brau, C. A.

H. L. Andrews, C. H. Boulware, C. A. Brau, and J. D. Jarvis, “Dispersion and attenuation in a Smith-Purcell free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 8, 050703 (2005).

Brosi, M.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
[PubMed]

Brownell, J. H.

G. Doucas, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Doria, G. P. Gallerano, E. Giovenale, G. Messina, H. L. Andrews, and J. H. Brownell, “Determination of longitudinal bunch shape by means of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 5, 072802 (2002).

J. H. Brownell, J. Walsh, and G. Doucas, “Spontaneous Smith-Purcell radiation described through induced surface currents,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 57, 1075 (1998).

Bründermann, E.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
[PubMed]

Calvani, P.

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
[PubMed]

Caselle, M.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
[PubMed]

Cassinari, L.

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

Castellano, M.

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
[PubMed]

Castelli, F.

M. Boscolo, M. Ferrario, C. Vaccarezza, I. Boscolo, F. Castelli, and S. Cialdi, “A train of micro-bunches for PWFA experiments produced by RF photoinjectors,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 21, 415–421 (2007).

Catani, L.

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
[PubMed]

Chiadroni, E.

B. Marchetti, A. Bacci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. Ferrario, A. Mostacci, R. Pompili, C. Ronsivalle, B. Spataro, and I. Zagorodnov, “Novel schemes for the optimization of the SPARC narrow band THz source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073301 (2015).
[PubMed]

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
[PubMed]

Cialdi, S.

M. Boscolo, M. Ferrario, C. Vaccarezza, I. Boscolo, F. Castelli, and S. Cialdi, “A train of micro-bunches for PWFA experiments produced by RF photoinjectors,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 21, 415–421 (2007).

Cianchi, A.

B. Marchetti, A. Bacci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. Ferrario, A. Mostacci, R. Pompili, C. Ronsivalle, B. Spataro, and I. Zagorodnov, “Novel schemes for the optimization of the SPARC narrow band THz source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073301 (2015).
[PubMed]

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
[PubMed]

Clarke, C.

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

Coleman, J.

J. Coleman, C. Ekdahl, and J. Oertel, Intense X-ray and EUV light source, patent US9686844B2 (2017).

Cornacchia, M.

A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
[PubMed]

Delerue, N.

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

Di Pirro, G.

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
[PubMed]

Dong, L.

Doria, A.

G. Doucas, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Doria, G. P. Gallerano, E. Giovenale, G. Messina, H. L. Andrews, and J. H. Brownell, “Determination of longitudinal bunch shape by means of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 5, 072802 (2002).

Doucas, G.

H. Zhang, I. V. Konoplev, A. J. Lancaster, H. Harrison, G. Doucas, A. Aryshev, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Non-destructive measurement and monitoring of separation of charged particle micro-bunches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 043505 (2017).

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

V. Blackmore, G. Doucas, C. Perry, B. Ottewell, M. F. Kimmitt, M. Woods, S. Molloy, and R. Arnold, “First measurements of the longitudinal bunch profile of a 28.5 GeV beam using coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 12, 032803 (2009).

G. Doucas, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Doria, G. P. Gallerano, E. Giovenale, G. Messina, H. L. Andrews, and J. H. Brownell, “Determination of longitudinal bunch shape by means of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 5, 072802 (2002).

J. H. Brownell, J. Walsh, and G. Doucas, “Spontaneous Smith-Purcell radiation described through induced surface currents,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 57, 1075 (1998).

Dvorkis, P.

Ekdahl, C.

J. Coleman, C. Ekdahl, and J. Oertel, Intense X-ray and EUV light source, patent US9686844B2 (2017).

Elisha, U.

England, R. J.

P. Musumeci, J. T. Moody, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, and T. Tran, “Experimental generation and Characterization of Uniformly Filled Ellipsoidal Electron-Beam Distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 244801 (2008).
[PubMed]

Euteneuer, H.

G. Kube, H. Backe, H. Euteneuer, A. Grendel, F. Hagenbuck, H. Hartmann, K. H. Kaiser, W. Lauth, H. Schöpe, G. Wagner, T. Walcher, and M. Kretzschmar, “Observation of optical Smith-Purcell radiation at an electron beam energy of 855 MeV,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(5 Pt 2), 056501 (2002).
[PubMed]

Ferrario, M.

B. Marchetti, A. Bacci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. Ferrario, A. Mostacci, R. Pompili, C. Ronsivalle, B. Spataro, and I. Zagorodnov, “Novel schemes for the optimization of the SPARC narrow band THz source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073301 (2015).
[PubMed]

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
[PubMed]

M. Boscolo, M. Ferrario, C. Vaccarezza, I. Boscolo, F. Castelli, and S. Cialdi, “A train of micro-bunches for PWFA experiments produced by RF photoinjectors,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 21, 415–421 (2007).

Fukuda, M.

A. Aryshev, S. Araki, M. Fukuda, K. Lekomtsev, M. Shevelev, J. Urakawa, A. Potylitsyn, and K. Sakaue, “Development of advanced THz generation schemes at KEK LUCX facility,” in Proceedings of the 10 Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (2013), pp. 873–876.

Fuster-Martinez, N.

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

Gallerano, G. P.

G. Doucas, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Doria, G. P. Gallerano, E. Giovenale, G. Messina, H. L. Andrews, and J. H. Brownell, “Determination of longitudinal bunch shape by means of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 5, 072802 (2002).

Gatti, G.

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
[PubMed]

Giovenale, E.

G. Doucas, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Doria, G. P. Gallerano, E. Giovenale, G. Messina, H. L. Andrews, and J. H. Brownell, “Determination of longitudinal bunch shape by means of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 5, 072802 (2002).

Goldstein, M.

J. Urata, M. Goldstein, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Naumov, C. Platt, and J. E. Walsh, “Superradiant Smith-Purcell Emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 516–519 (1998).

Gover, A.

P. Zhang, L. K. Ang, and A. Gover, “Enhancement of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation at terahertz frequency by optimized grating, prebunched beams, and open cavity,” Phys. Rev. 18, 020702 (2015).

A. Gover, “Superradiant and stimulated-superradiant emission in prebunched electron-beam radiators. I. Formulation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 8, 030701 (2005).

A. Gover, P. Dvorkis, and U. Elisha, “Angular radiation pattern of Smith-Purcell radiation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 723–728 (1984).

Graves, W. S.

W. S. Graves, F. X. Kärtner, D. E. Moncton, and P. Piot, “Intense Superradiant X Rays from a Compact Source Using a Nanocathode Array and Emittance Exchange,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(26), 263904 (2012).
[PubMed]

Grendel, A.

G. Kube, H. Backe, H. Euteneuer, A. Grendel, F. Hagenbuck, H. Hartmann, K. H. Kaiser, W. Lauth, H. Schöpe, G. Wagner, T. Walcher, and M. Kretzschmar, “Observation of optical Smith-Purcell radiation at an electron beam energy of 855 MeV,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(5 Pt 2), 056501 (2002).
[PubMed]

Grosjean, M. V.

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

Haeberle, O.

O. Haeberle, P. Rullhusen, J.-M. Salome, and N. Maene, “Smith-Purcell radiation from electrons moving parallel to a gratingat oblique incidence to the rulings,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55, 4675 (1997).

Hagenbuck, F.

G. Kube, H. Backe, H. Euteneuer, A. Grendel, F. Hagenbuck, H. Hartmann, K. H. Kaiser, W. Lauth, H. Schöpe, G. Wagner, T. Walcher, and M. Kretzschmar, “Observation of optical Smith-Purcell radiation at an electron beam energy of 855 MeV,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(5 Pt 2), 056501 (2002).
[PubMed]

Hangyo, M.

D. Li, M. Hangyo, Y. Tsunawaki, Z. Yang, Y. Wei, S. Miyamoto, M. Asakawa, and K. Imasakia, “Super-radiant Smith-Purcell radiation from periodic line charges”, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 674, 20–23 (2012).

Harrison, H.

H. Zhang, I. V. Konoplev, A. J. Lancaster, H. Harrison, G. Doucas, A. Aryshev, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Non-destructive measurement and monitoring of separation of charged particle micro-bunches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 043505 (2017).

Hartmann, H.

G. Kube, H. Backe, H. Euteneuer, A. Grendel, F. Hagenbuck, H. Hartmann, K. H. Kaiser, W. Lauth, H. Schöpe, G. Wagner, T. Walcher, and M. Kretzschmar, “Observation of optical Smith-Purcell radiation at an electron beam energy of 855 MeV,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(5 Pt 2), 056501 (2002).
[PubMed]

Hashida, M.

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J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
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D. Li, M. Hangyo, Y. Tsunawaki, Z. Yang, Y. Wei, S. Miyamoto, M. Asakawa, and K. Imasakia, “Super-radiant Smith-Purcell radiation from periodic line charges”, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 674, 20–23 (2012).

Ishi, K.

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 50(2), 1479–1484 (1994).
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Johnson, A.

Y. E. Sun, P. Piot, A. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Tunable subpicosecond electron-bunch-train generation using a transverse-to-longitudinal phase-space exchange technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 234801 (2010).
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J. C. T. Thangaraj, R. Thurman-Keup, J. Ruan, A. S. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, and J. Santucci, “Experimental studies on coherent synchrotron radiation at an emittance exchange beam line,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 110702 (2012).

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G. Kube, H. Backe, H. Euteneuer, A. Grendel, F. Hagenbuck, H. Hartmann, K. H. Kaiser, W. Lauth, H. Schöpe, G. Wagner, T. Walcher, and M. Kretzschmar, “Observation of optical Smith-Purcell radiation at an electron beam energy of 855 MeV,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(5 Pt 2), 056501 (2002).
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Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 50(2), 1479–1484 (1994).
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A. P. Potylitsyn, P. V. Karataev, and G. A. Naumenko, “Resonant diffraction radiation from an ultrarelativistic particle moving close to a tilted grating,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 61(6 Pt B), 7039–7045 (2000).
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W. S. Graves, F. X. Kärtner, D. E. Moncton, and P. Piot, “Intense Superradiant X Rays from a Compact Source Using a Nanocathode Array and Emittance Exchange,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(26), 263904 (2012).
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J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
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A. S. Kesar, R. A. Marsh, and R. J. Temkin, “Power measurement of frequency-locked Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 9, 022801 (2006).

S. E. Korbly, A. S. Kesar, J. R. Sirigiri, and R. J. Temkin, “Observation of Frequency-Locked Coherent Terahertz Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(5), 054803 (2005).
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Y. Li, Y.-E. Sun, and K.-J. Kim, “High-power beam-based coherently enhanced THz radiation source,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 080701 (2008).

Kimmitt, M. F.

V. Blackmore, G. Doucas, C. Perry, B. Ottewell, M. F. Kimmitt, M. Woods, S. Molloy, and R. Arnold, “First measurements of the longitudinal bunch profile of a 28.5 GeV beam using coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 12, 032803 (2009).

G. Doucas, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Doria, G. P. Gallerano, E. Giovenale, G. Messina, H. L. Andrews, and J. H. Brownell, “Determination of longitudinal bunch shape by means of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 5, 072802 (2002).

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H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

Konoplev, I. V.

H. Zhang, I. V. Konoplev, A. J. Lancaster, H. Harrison, G. Doucas, A. Aryshev, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Non-destructive measurement and monitoring of separation of charged particle micro-bunches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 043505 (2017).

Korbly, S. E.

S. E. Korbly, A. S. Kesar, J. R. Sirigiri, and R. J. Temkin, “Observation of Frequency-Locked Coherent Terahertz Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(5), 054803 (2005).
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G. Kube, H. Backe, H. Euteneuer, A. Grendel, F. Hagenbuck, H. Hartmann, K. H. Kaiser, W. Lauth, H. Schöpe, G. Wagner, T. Walcher, and M. Kretzschmar, “Observation of optical Smith-Purcell radiation at an electron beam energy of 855 MeV,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(5 Pt 2), 056501 (2002).
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Kube, G.

G. Kube, H. Backe, H. Euteneuer, A. Grendel, F. Hagenbuck, H. Hartmann, K. H. Kaiser, W. Lauth, H. Schöpe, G. Wagner, T. Walcher, and M. Kretzschmar, “Observation of optical Smith-Purcell radiation at an electron beam energy of 855 MeV,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(5 Pt 2), 056501 (2002).
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Kumar, M.

P. Kumar, L. Bhasin, V. K. Tripathi, A. Kumar, and M. Kumar, “Smith–Purcell terahertz radiation from laser modulated electron beam over a metallic grating,” Phys. Plasmas 23, 093301 (2016).

Kumar, P.

P. Kumar, L. Bhasin, V. K. Tripathi, A. Kumar, and M. Kumar, “Smith–Purcell terahertz radiation from laser modulated electron beam over a metallic grating,” Phys. Plasmas 23, 093301 (2016).

Labat, M.

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

Lancaster, A. J.

H. Zhang, I. V. Konoplev, A. J. Lancaster, H. Harrison, G. Doucas, A. Aryshev, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Non-destructive measurement and monitoring of separation of charged particle micro-bunches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 043505 (2017).

Lauth, W.

G. Kube, H. Backe, H. Euteneuer, A. Grendel, F. Hagenbuck, H. Hartmann, K. H. Kaiser, W. Lauth, H. Schöpe, G. Wagner, T. Walcher, and M. Kretzschmar, “Observation of optical Smith-Purcell radiation at an electron beam energy of 855 MeV,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(5 Pt 2), 056501 (2002).
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H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

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A. Aryshev, S. Araki, M. Fukuda, K. Lekomtsev, M. Shevelev, J. Urakawa, A. Potylitsyn, and K. Sakaue, “Development of advanced THz generation schemes at KEK LUCX facility,” in Proceedings of the 10 Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (2013), pp. 873–876.

Li, D.

D. Li, Y. Wang, M. Nakajima, M. Tani, M. Hashida, M. R. Asakawa, Y. Wei, and S. Miyamoto, “Coherent radiation at the fundamental frequency by a Smith-Purcell free-electron laser with dielectric substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 151108 (2017).

D. Li, M. Hangyo, Y. Tsunawaki, Z. Yang, Y. Wei, S. Miyamoto, M. Asakawa, and K. Imasakia, “Super-radiant Smith-Purcell radiation from periodic line charges”, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 674, 20–23 (2012).

Li, Y.

Y. Li, Y.-E. Sun, and K.-J. Kim, “High-power beam-based coherently enhanced THz radiation source,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 080701 (2008).

Liang, L.

Limaj, O.

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
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Liu, W.

Lu, Y.

Lumpkin, A. H.

J. C. T. Thangaraj, R. Thurman-Keup, J. Ruan, A. S. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, and J. Santucci, “Experimental studies on coherent synchrotron radiation at an emittance exchange beam line,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 110702 (2012).

P. Piot, Y.-E. Sun, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, A. H. Lumpkin, M. M. Rihaoui, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Observation of coherently enhanced tunable narrow-band terahertz transition radiation from a relativistic sub-picosecond electron bunch train,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 261501 (2011).

Y. E. Sun, P. Piot, A. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Tunable subpicosecond electron-bunch-train generation using a transverse-to-longitudinal phase-space exchange technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 234801 (2010).
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Lupi, S.

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
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Malone, R.

A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
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Marchetti, B.

B. Marchetti, A. Bacci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. Ferrario, A. Mostacci, R. Pompili, C. Ronsivalle, B. Spataro, and I. Zagorodnov, “Novel schemes for the optimization of the SPARC narrow band THz source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073301 (2015).
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E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
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Marsh, R. A.

A. S. Kesar, R. A. Marsh, and R. J. Temkin, “Power measurement of frequency-locked Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 9, 022801 (2006).

Mathis, Y.-L.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
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Maxwell, T. J.

P. Piot, Y.-E. Sun, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, A. H. Lumpkin, M. M. Rihaoui, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Observation of coherently enhanced tunable narrow-band terahertz transition radiation from a relativistic sub-picosecond electron bunch train,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 261501 (2011).

Y. E. Sun, P. Piot, A. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Tunable subpicosecond electron-bunch-train generation using a transverse-to-longitudinal phase-space exchange technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 234801 (2010).
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X. Z. Meng, M. H. Wang, L. M. Zhang, and Z. M. Ren, “Characteristic analysis of a Smith–Purcell terahertz source,” Photonics Res. 4, 162–167 (2016).

Messina, G.

G. Doucas, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Doria, G. P. Gallerano, E. Giovenale, G. Messina, H. L. Andrews, and J. H. Brownell, “Determination of longitudinal bunch shape by means of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 5, 072802 (2002).

Miyamoto, S.

D. Li, Y. Wang, M. Nakajima, M. Tani, M. Hashida, M. R. Asakawa, Y. Wei, and S. Miyamoto, “Coherent radiation at the fundamental frequency by a Smith-Purcell free-electron laser with dielectric substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 151108 (2017).

D. Li, M. Hangyo, Y. Tsunawaki, Z. Yang, Y. Wei, S. Miyamoto, M. Asakawa, and K. Imasakia, “Super-radiant Smith-Purcell radiation from periodic line charges”, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 674, 20–23 (2012).

Molloy, S.

V. Blackmore, G. Doucas, C. Perry, B. Ottewell, M. F. Kimmitt, M. Woods, S. Molloy, and R. Arnold, “First measurements of the longitudinal bunch profile of a 28.5 GeV beam using coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 12, 032803 (2009).

Moncton, D. E.

W. S. Graves, F. X. Kärtner, D. E. Moncton, and P. Piot, “Intense Superradiant X Rays from a Compact Source Using a Nanocathode Array and Emittance Exchange,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(26), 263904 (2012).
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Moody, J. T.

P. Musumeci, J. T. Moody, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, and T. Tran, “Experimental generation and Characterization of Uniformly Filled Ellipsoidal Electron-Beam Distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 244801 (2008).
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Mostacci, A.

B. Marchetti, A. Bacci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. Ferrario, A. Mostacci, R. Pompili, C. Ronsivalle, B. Spataro, and I. Zagorodnov, “Novel schemes for the optimization of the SPARC narrow band THz source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073301 (2015).
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E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
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Müller, A.-S.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
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Murokh, A.

A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
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Musumeci, P.

P. Musumeci, J. T. Moody, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, and T. Tran, “Experimental generation and Characterization of Uniformly Filled Ellipsoidal Electron-Beam Distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 244801 (2008).
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P. Musumeci, C. Pellegrini, and J. B. Rosenzweig, “Higher harmonic inverse free-electron laser interaction,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1 Pt 2), 016501 (2005).
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Nakajima, M.

D. Li, Y. Wang, M. Nakajima, M. Tani, M. Hashida, M. R. Asakawa, Y. Wei, and S. Miyamoto, “Coherent radiation at the fundamental frequency by a Smith-Purcell free-electron laser with dielectric substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 151108 (2017).

Nasse, M. J.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
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Naumenko, G. A.

G. A. Naumenko, A. P. Potylitsyn, D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, M. N. Strikhanov, and V. V. Bleko, “First experimental observation of the conical effect in Smith-Purcell radiation,” JETP Lett. 105, 553–560 (2017).

A. P. Potylitsyn, P. V. Karataev, and G. A. Naumenko, “Resonant diffraction radiation from an ultrarelativistic particle moving close to a tilted grating,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 61(6 Pt B), 7039–7045 (2000).
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Naumov, A.

J. Urata, M. Goldstein, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Naumov, C. Platt, and J. E. Walsh, “Superradiant Smith-Purcell Emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 516–519 (1998).

Nuhn, H.-D.

A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
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J. Coleman, C. Ekdahl, and J. Oertel, Intense X-ray and EUV light source, patent US9686844B2 (2017).

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Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 50(2), 1479–1484 (1994).
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Okada, T.

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 50(2), 1479–1484 (1994).
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Okuda, S.

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 50(2), 1479–1484 (1994).
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Ottewell, B.

V. Blackmore, G. Doucas, C. Perry, B. Ottewell, M. F. Kimmitt, M. Woods, S. Molloy, and R. Arnold, “First measurements of the longitudinal bunch profile of a 28.5 GeV beam using coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 12, 032803 (2009).

Pace, E.

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
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Palumbo, L.

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
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Pellegrini, C.

P. Musumeci, C. Pellegrini, and J. B. Rosenzweig, “Higher harmonic inverse free-electron laser interaction,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1 Pt 2), 016501 (2005).
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A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
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H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

V. Blackmore, G. Doucas, C. Perry, B. Ottewell, M. F. Kimmitt, M. Woods, S. Molloy, and R. Arnold, “First measurements of the longitudinal bunch profile of a 28.5 GeV beam using coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 12, 032803 (2009).

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P. Piot, Y.-E. Sun, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, A. H. Lumpkin, M. M. Rihaoui, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Observation of coherently enhanced tunable narrow-band terahertz transition radiation from a relativistic sub-picosecond electron bunch train,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 261501 (2011).

Y. E. Sun, P. Piot, A. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Tunable subpicosecond electron-bunch-train generation using a transverse-to-longitudinal phase-space exchange technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 234801 (2010).
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Pompili, R.

B. Marchetti, A. Bacci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. Ferrario, A. Mostacci, R. Pompili, C. Ronsivalle, B. Spataro, and I. Zagorodnov, “Novel schemes for the optimization of the SPARC narrow band THz source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073301 (2015).
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A. Aryshev, S. Araki, M. Fukuda, K. Lekomtsev, M. Shevelev, J. Urakawa, A. Potylitsyn, and K. Sakaue, “Development of advanced THz generation schemes at KEK LUCX facility,” in Proceedings of the 10 Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (2013), pp. 873–876.

Potylitsyn, A. P.

G. A. Naumenko, A. P. Potylitsyn, D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, M. N. Strikhanov, and V. V. Bleko, “First experimental observation of the conical effect in Smith-Purcell radiation,” JETP Lett. 105, 553–560 (2017).

A. P. Potylitsyn, P. V. Karataev, and G. A. Naumenko, “Resonant diffraction radiation from an ultrarelativistic particle moving close to a tilted grating,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 61(6 Pt B), 7039–7045 (2000).
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Purcell, E. M.

S. J. Smith and E. M. Purcell, “Visible light from localized surface charges moving across a grating,” Phys. Rev. 92, 1069–1070 (1953).

Raasch, J.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
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Reiche, S.

A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
[PubMed]

Reichold, A.

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

Ren, Z. M.

X. Z. Meng, M. H. Wang, L. M. Zhang, and Z. M. Ren, “Characteristic analysis of a Smith–Purcell terahertz source,” Photonics Res. 4, 162–167 (2016).

Rihaoui, M. M.

P. Piot, Y.-E. Sun, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, A. H. Lumpkin, M. M. Rihaoui, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Observation of coherently enhanced tunable narrow-band terahertz transition radiation from a relativistic sub-picosecond electron bunch train,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 261501 (2011).

Ronsivalle, C.

B. Marchetti, A. Bacci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. Ferrario, A. Mostacci, R. Pompili, C. Ronsivalle, B. Spataro, and I. Zagorodnov, “Novel schemes for the optimization of the SPARC narrow band THz source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073301 (2015).
[PubMed]

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
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Rosenzweig, J.

A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
[PubMed]

Rosenzweig, J. B.

P. Musumeci, J. T. Moody, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, and T. Tran, “Experimental generation and Characterization of Uniformly Filled Ellipsoidal Electron-Beam Distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 244801 (2008).
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P. Musumeci, C. Pellegrini, and J. B. Rosenzweig, “Higher harmonic inverse free-electron laser interaction,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1 Pt 2), 016501 (2005).
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Ruan, J.

J. C. T. Thangaraj, R. Thurman-Keup, J. Ruan, A. S. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, and J. Santucci, “Experimental studies on coherent synchrotron radiation at an emittance exchange beam line,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 110702 (2012).

P. Piot, Y.-E. Sun, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, A. H. Lumpkin, M. M. Rihaoui, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Observation of coherently enhanced tunable narrow-band terahertz transition radiation from a relativistic sub-picosecond electron bunch train,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 261501 (2011).

Y. E. Sun, P. Piot, A. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Tunable subpicosecond electron-bunch-train generation using a transverse-to-longitudinal phase-space exchange technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 234801 (2010).
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O. Haeberle, P. Rullhusen, J.-M. Salome, and N. Maene, “Smith-Purcell radiation from electrons moving parallel to a gratingat oblique incidence to the rulings,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55, 4675 (1997).

Sakaue, K.

A. Aryshev, S. Araki, M. Fukuda, K. Lekomtsev, M. Shevelev, J. Urakawa, A. Potylitsyn, and K. Sakaue, “Development of advanced THz generation schemes at KEK LUCX facility,” in Proceedings of the 10 Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (2013), pp. 873–876.

Salome, J.-M.

O. Haeberle, P. Rullhusen, J.-M. Salome, and N. Maene, “Smith-Purcell radiation from electrons moving parallel to a gratingat oblique incidence to the rulings,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55, 4675 (1997).

Santucci, J.

J. C. T. Thangaraj, R. Thurman-Keup, J. Ruan, A. S. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, and J. Santucci, “Experimental studies on coherent synchrotron radiation at an emittance exchange beam line,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 110702 (2012).

Schedler, M.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
[PubMed]

Schönfeldt, P.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
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Schöpe, H.

G. Kube, H. Backe, H. Euteneuer, A. Grendel, F. Hagenbuck, H. Hartmann, K. H. Kaiser, W. Lauth, H. Schöpe, G. Wagner, T. Walcher, and M. Kretzschmar, “Observation of optical Smith-Purcell radiation at an electron beam energy of 855 MeV,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(5 Pt 2), 056501 (2002).
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Schuh, M.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
[PubMed]

Schwarz, M.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
[PubMed]

Sergeeva, D. Yu.

G. A. Naumenko, A. P. Potylitsyn, D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, M. N. Strikhanov, and V. V. Bleko, “First experimental observation of the conical effect in Smith-Purcell radiation,” JETP Lett. 105, 553–560 (2017).

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Microscopic theory of Smith-Purcell radiation from 2D photonic crystal,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 402, 206–211 (2017).

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Conical diffraction effect in optical and x-ray Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 18, 052801 (2015).

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Influence of beam divergence on form-factor in X-ray diffraction radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 355, 175–179 (2015).

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “X-ray Diffraction and Transition Radiation from Charged Particles Bunches,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. B 309, 189–193 (2013).

Shevelev, M.

H. Zhang, I. V. Konoplev, A. J. Lancaster, H. Harrison, G. Doucas, A. Aryshev, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Non-destructive measurement and monitoring of separation of charged particle micro-bunches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 043505 (2017).

A. Aryshev, S. Araki, M. Fukuda, K. Lekomtsev, M. Shevelev, J. Urakawa, A. Potylitsyn, and K. Sakaue, “Development of advanced THz generation schemes at KEK LUCX facility,” in Proceedings of the 10 Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (2013), pp. 873–876.

Shibata, Y.

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 50(2), 1479–1484 (1994).
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Siegel, M.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
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Sirigiri, J. R.

S. E. Korbly, A. S. Kesar, J. R. Sirigiri, and R. J. Temkin, “Observation of Frequency-Locked Coherent Terahertz Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(5), 054803 (2005).
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Skaritka, J.

A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
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Smale, N.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
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Smith, S. J.

S. J. Smith and E. M. Purcell, “Visible light from localized surface charges moving across a grating,” Phys. Rev. 92, 1069–1070 (1953).

Spataro, B.

B. Marchetti, A. Bacci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. Ferrario, A. Mostacci, R. Pompili, C. Ronsivalle, B. Spataro, and I. Zagorodnov, “Novel schemes for the optimization of the SPARC narrow band THz source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073301 (2015).
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Steinmann, J. L.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
[PubMed]

Stevenson, S.

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

Strikhanov, M. N.

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Microscopic theory of Smith-Purcell radiation from 2D photonic crystal,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 402, 206–211 (2017).

G. A. Naumenko, A. P. Potylitsyn, D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, M. N. Strikhanov, and V. V. Bleko, “First experimental observation of the conical effect in Smith-Purcell radiation,” JETP Lett. 105, 553–560 (2017).

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Conical diffraction effect in optical and x-ray Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 18, 052801 (2015).

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Influence of beam divergence on form-factor in X-ray diffraction radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 355, 175–179 (2015).

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “X-ray Diffraction and Transition Radiation from Charged Particles Bunches,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. B 309, 189–193 (2013).

Sun, Y. E.

Y. E. Sun, P. Piot, A. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Tunable subpicosecond electron-bunch-train generation using a transverse-to-longitudinal phase-space exchange technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 234801 (2010).
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Sun, Y.-E.

P. Piot, Y.-E. Sun, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, A. H. Lumpkin, M. M. Rihaoui, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Observation of coherently enhanced tunable narrow-band terahertz transition radiation from a relativistic sub-picosecond electron bunch train,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 261501 (2011).

Y. Li, Y.-E. Sun, and K.-J. Kim, “High-power beam-based coherently enhanced THz radiation source,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 080701 (2008).

Surdutovich, G. I.

A. P. Kazantsev and G. I. Surdutovich, “Radiation of a charged particle flying by metal screen,” Sov. Phys. Dokl. 7, 990 (1963).

Taheri, F. B.

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

Takahashi, T.

Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 50(2), 1479–1484 (1994).
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Tani, M.

D. Li, Y. Wang, M. Nakajima, M. Tani, M. Hashida, M. R. Asakawa, Y. Wei, and S. Miyamoto, “Coherent radiation at the fundamental frequency by a Smith-Purcell free-electron laser with dielectric substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 151108 (2017).

Temkin, R. J.

A. S. Kesar, R. A. Marsh, and R. J. Temkin, “Power measurement of frequency-locked Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 9, 022801 (2006).

S. E. Korbly, A. S. Kesar, J. R. Sirigiri, and R. J. Temkin, “Observation of Frequency-Locked Coherent Terahertz Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(5), 054803 (2005).
[PubMed]

Terunuma, N.

H. Zhang, I. V. Konoplev, A. J. Lancaster, H. Harrison, G. Doucas, A. Aryshev, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Non-destructive measurement and monitoring of separation of charged particle micro-bunches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 043505 (2017).

Thangaraj, J. C. T.

J. C. T. Thangaraj, R. Thurman-Keup, J. Ruan, A. S. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, and J. Santucci, “Experimental studies on coherent synchrotron radiation at an emittance exchange beam line,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 110702 (2012).

Thurman-Keup, R.

J. C. T. Thangaraj, R. Thurman-Keup, J. Ruan, A. S. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, and J. Santucci, “Experimental studies on coherent synchrotron radiation at an emittance exchange beam line,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 110702 (2012).

P. Piot, Y.-E. Sun, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, A. H. Lumpkin, M. M. Rihaoui, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Observation of coherently enhanced tunable narrow-band terahertz transition radiation from a relativistic sub-picosecond electron bunch train,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 261501 (2011).

Y. E. Sun, P. Piot, A. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Tunable subpicosecond electron-bunch-train generation using a transverse-to-longitudinal phase-space exchange technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 234801 (2010).
[PubMed]

Tishchenko, A. A.

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Microscopic theory of Smith-Purcell radiation from 2D photonic crystal,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 402, 206–211 (2017).

G. A. Naumenko, A. P. Potylitsyn, D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, M. N. Strikhanov, and V. V. Bleko, “First experimental observation of the conical effect in Smith-Purcell radiation,” JETP Lett. 105, 553–560 (2017).

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Conical diffraction effect in optical and x-ray Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 18, 052801 (2015).

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Influence of beam divergence on form-factor in X-ray diffraction radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 355, 175–179 (2015).

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “X-ray Diffraction and Transition Radiation from Charged Particles Bunches,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. B 309, 189–193 (2013).

Tran, T.

P. Musumeci, J. T. Moody, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, and T. Tran, “Experimental generation and Characterization of Uniformly Filled Ellipsoidal Electron-Beam Distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 244801 (2008).
[PubMed]

Tremaine, A.

A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
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Tripathi, V. K.

P. Kumar, L. Bhasin, V. K. Tripathi, A. Kumar, and M. Kumar, “Smith–Purcell terahertz radiation from laser modulated electron beam over a metallic grating,” Phys. Plasmas 23, 093301 (2016).

Tsunawaki, Y.

D. Li, M. Hangyo, Y. Tsunawaki, Z. Yang, Y. Wei, S. Miyamoto, M. Asakawa, and K. Imasakia, “Super-radiant Smith-Purcell radiation from periodic line charges”, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 674, 20–23 (2012).

Urakawa, J.

H. Zhang, I. V. Konoplev, A. J. Lancaster, H. Harrison, G. Doucas, A. Aryshev, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Non-destructive measurement and monitoring of separation of charged particle micro-bunches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 043505 (2017).

A. Aryshev, S. Araki, M. Fukuda, K. Lekomtsev, M. Shevelev, J. Urakawa, A. Potylitsyn, and K. Sakaue, “Development of advanced THz generation schemes at KEK LUCX facility,” in Proceedings of the 10 Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (2013), pp. 873–876.

Urata, J.

J. Urata, M. Goldstein, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Naumov, C. Platt, and J. E. Walsh, “Superradiant Smith-Purcell Emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 516–519 (1998).

Vaccarezza, C.

E. Chiadroni, M. Bellaveglia, P. Calvani, M. Castellano, L. Catani, A. Cianchi, G. Di Pirro, M. Ferrario, G. Gatti, O. Limaj, S. Lupi, B. Marchetti, A. Mostacci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, C. Ronsivalle, R. Pompili, and C. Vaccarezza, “Characterization of the THz radiation source at the Frascati linear accelerator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022703 (2013).
[PubMed]

M. Boscolo, M. Ferrario, C. Vaccarezza, I. Boscolo, F. Castelli, and S. Cialdi, “A train of micro-bunches for PWFA experiments produced by RF photoinjectors,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 21, 415–421 (2007).

Wagner, G.

G. Kube, H. Backe, H. Euteneuer, A. Grendel, F. Hagenbuck, H. Hartmann, K. H. Kaiser, W. Lauth, H. Schöpe, G. Wagner, T. Walcher, and M. Kretzschmar, “Observation of optical Smith-Purcell radiation at an electron beam energy of 855 MeV,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(5 Pt 2), 056501 (2002).
[PubMed]

Walcher, T.

G. Kube, H. Backe, H. Euteneuer, A. Grendel, F. Hagenbuck, H. Hartmann, K. H. Kaiser, W. Lauth, H. Schöpe, G. Wagner, T. Walcher, and M. Kretzschmar, “Observation of optical Smith-Purcell radiation at an electron beam energy of 855 MeV,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(5 Pt 2), 056501 (2002).
[PubMed]

Walsh, J.

J. H. Brownell, J. Walsh, and G. Doucas, “Spontaneous Smith-Purcell radiation described through induced surface currents,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 57, 1075 (1998).

Walsh, J. E.

J. Urata, M. Goldstein, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Naumov, C. Platt, and J. E. Walsh, “Superradiant Smith-Purcell Emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 516–519 (1998).

Wang, L.

Wang, M. H.

X. Z. Meng, M. H. Wang, L. M. Zhang, and Z. M. Ren, “Characteristic analysis of a Smith–Purcell terahertz source,” Photonics Res. 4, 162–167 (2016).

Wang, X. J.

A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
[PubMed]

Wang, Y.

D. Li, Y. Wang, M. Nakajima, M. Tani, M. Hashida, M. R. Asakawa, Y. Wei, and S. Miyamoto, “Coherent radiation at the fundamental frequency by a Smith-Purcell free-electron laser with dielectric substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 151108 (2017).

Weber, M.

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
[PubMed]

Wei, Y.

D. Li, Y. Wang, M. Nakajima, M. Tani, M. Hashida, M. R. Asakawa, Y. Wei, and S. Miyamoto, “Coherent radiation at the fundamental frequency by a Smith-Purcell free-electron laser with dielectric substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 151108 (2017).

D. Li, M. Hangyo, Y. Tsunawaki, Z. Yang, Y. Wei, S. Miyamoto, M. Asakawa, and K. Imasakia, “Super-radiant Smith-Purcell radiation from periodic line charges”, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 674, 20–23 (2012).

Woods, M.

V. Blackmore, G. Doucas, C. Perry, B. Ottewell, M. F. Kimmitt, M. Woods, S. Molloy, and R. Arnold, “First measurements of the longitudinal bunch profile of a 28.5 GeV beam using coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 12, 032803 (2009).

Yakimenko, V.

A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
[PubMed]

Yang, Z.

D. Li, M. Hangyo, Y. Tsunawaki, Z. Yang, Y. Wei, S. Miyamoto, M. Asakawa, and K. Imasakia, “Super-radiant Smith-Purcell radiation from periodic line charges”, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 674, 20–23 (2012).

Zagorodnov, I.

B. Marchetti, A. Bacci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. Ferrario, A. Mostacci, R. Pompili, C. Ronsivalle, B. Spataro, and I. Zagorodnov, “Novel schemes for the optimization of the SPARC narrow band THz source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073301 (2015).
[PubMed]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, I. V. Konoplev, A. J. Lancaster, H. Harrison, G. Doucas, A. Aryshev, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Non-destructive measurement and monitoring of separation of charged particle micro-bunches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 043505 (2017).

Zhang, L. M.

X. Z. Meng, M. H. Wang, L. M. Zhang, and Z. M. Ren, “Characteristic analysis of a Smith–Purcell terahertz source,” Photonics Res. 4, 162–167 (2016).

Zhang, P.

P. Zhang, L. K. Ang, and A. Gover, “Enhancement of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation at terahertz frequency by optimized grating, prebunched beams, and open cavity,” Phys. Rev. 18, 020702 (2015).

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

D. Li, Y. Wang, M. Nakajima, M. Tani, M. Hashida, M. R. Asakawa, Y. Wei, and S. Miyamoto, “Coherent radiation at the fundamental frequency by a Smith-Purcell free-electron laser with dielectric substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 151108 (2017).

H. Zhang, I. V. Konoplev, A. J. Lancaster, H. Harrison, G. Doucas, A. Aryshev, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa, “Non-destructive measurement and monitoring of separation of charged particle micro-bunches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 043505 (2017).

P. Piot, Y.-E. Sun, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, A. H. Lumpkin, M. M. Rihaoui, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Observation of coherently enhanced tunable narrow-band terahertz transition radiation from a relativistic sub-picosecond electron bunch train,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 261501 (2011).

Int. J. Mod. Phys. B (1)

M. Boscolo, M. Ferrario, C. Vaccarezza, I. Boscolo, F. Castelli, and S. Cialdi, “A train of micro-bunches for PWFA experiments produced by RF photoinjectors,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 21, 415–421 (2007).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

JETP Lett. (1)

G. A. Naumenko, A. P. Potylitsyn, D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, M. N. Strikhanov, and V. V. Bleko, “First experimental observation of the conical effect in Smith-Purcell radiation,” JETP Lett. 105, 553–560 (2017).

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B (1)

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Microscopic theory of Smith-Purcell radiation from 2D photonic crystal,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 402, 206–211 (2017).

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B (1)

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Influence of beam divergence on form-factor in X-ray diffraction radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 355, 175–179 (2015).

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A (2)

D. Li, M. Hangyo, Y. Tsunawaki, Z. Yang, Y. Wei, S. Miyamoto, M. Asakawa, and K. Imasakia, “Super-radiant Smith-Purcell radiation from periodic line charges”, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 674, 20–23 (2012).

H. L. Andrews, F. B. Taheri, J. Barros, R. Bartolini, L. Cassinari, C. Clarke, S. Le Corre, N. Delerue, G. Doucas, N. Fuster-Martinez, I. Konoplev, M. Labat, C. Perry, A. Reichold, S. Stevenson, and M. V. Grosjean, “Longitudinal profile monitors using Coherent Smith–Purcell radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 740, 212–215 (2014).

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. B (1)

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “X-ray Diffraction and Transition Radiation from Charged Particles Bunches,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. B 309, 189–193 (2013).

Opt. Express (2)

Photonics Res. (1)

X. Z. Meng, M. H. Wang, L. M. Zhang, and Z. M. Ren, “Characteristic analysis of a Smith–Purcell terahertz source,” Photonics Res. 4, 162–167 (2016).

Phys. Plasmas (1)

P. Kumar, L. Bhasin, V. K. Tripathi, A. Kumar, and M. Kumar, “Smith–Purcell terahertz radiation from laser modulated electron beam over a metallic grating,” Phys. Plasmas 23, 093301 (2016).

Phys. Rev. (2)

S. J. Smith and E. M. Purcell, “Visible light from localized surface charges moving across a grating,” Phys. Rev. 92, 1069–1070 (1953).

P. Zhang, L. K. Ang, and A. Gover, “Enhancement of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation at terahertz frequency by optimized grating, prebunched beams, and open cavity,” Phys. Rev. 18, 020702 (2015).

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (3)

A. Tremaine, X. J. Wang, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, M. Cornacchia, A. Murokh, H.-D. Nuhn, R. Malone, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Rosenzweig, J. Skaritka, and V. Yakimenko, “Fundamental and harmonic microbunching in a high-gain self-amplified spontaneous-emission free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3 Pt 2B), 036503 (2002).
[PubMed]

P. Musumeci, C. Pellegrini, and J. B. Rosenzweig, “Higher harmonic inverse free-electron laser interaction,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1 Pt 2), 016501 (2005).
[PubMed]

G. Kube, H. Backe, H. Euteneuer, A. Grendel, F. Hagenbuck, H. Hartmann, K. H. Kaiser, W. Lauth, H. Schöpe, G. Wagner, T. Walcher, and M. Kretzschmar, “Observation of optical Smith-Purcell radiation at an electron beam energy of 855 MeV,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(5 Pt 2), 056501 (2002).
[PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics (4)

A. P. Potylitsyn, P. V. Karataev, and G. A. Naumenko, “Resonant diffraction radiation from an ultrarelativistic particle moving close to a tilted grating,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 61(6 Pt B), 7039–7045 (2000).
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Y. Shibata, T. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. Ishi, M. Ikezawa, J. Ohkuma, S. Okuda, and T. Okada, “Diagnostics of an electron beam of a linear accelerator using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 50(2), 1479–1484 (1994).
[PubMed]

J. H. Brownell, J. Walsh, and G. Doucas, “Spontaneous Smith-Purcell radiation described through induced surface currents,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 57, 1075 (1998).

O. Haeberle, P. Rullhusen, J.-M. Salome, and N. Maene, “Smith-Purcell radiation from electrons moving parallel to a gratingat oblique incidence to the rulings,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55, 4675 (1997).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

J. Urata, M. Goldstein, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Naumov, C. Platt, and J. E. Walsh, “Superradiant Smith-Purcell Emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 516–519 (1998).

Y. E. Sun, P. Piot, A. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, T. J. Maxwell, J. Ruan, and R. Thurman-Keup, “Tunable subpicosecond electron-bunch-train generation using a transverse-to-longitudinal phase-space exchange technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 234801 (2010).
[PubMed]

W. S. Graves, F. X. Kärtner, D. E. Moncton, and P. Piot, “Intense Superradiant X Rays from a Compact Source Using a Nanocathode Array and Emittance Exchange,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(26), 263904 (2012).
[PubMed]

S. E. Korbly, A. S. Kesar, J. R. Sirigiri, and R. J. Temkin, “Observation of Frequency-Locked Coherent Terahertz Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(5), 054803 (2005).
[PubMed]

J. L. Steinmann, E. Blomley, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, M. Caselle, J. L. Hesler, N. Hiller, B. Kehrer, Y.-L. Mathis, M. J. Nasse, J. Raasch, M. Schedler, P. Schönfeldt, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, M. Siegel, N. Smale, M. Weber, and A.-S. Müller, “Frequency-comb spectrum of periodic-patterned signals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(17), 174802 (2016).
[PubMed]

P. Musumeci, J. T. Moody, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, and T. Tran, “Experimental generation and Characterization of Uniformly Filled Ellipsoidal Electron-Beam Distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 244801 (2008).
[PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams (8)

J. C. T. Thangaraj, R. Thurman-Keup, J. Ruan, A. S. Johnson, A. H. Lumpkin, and J. Santucci, “Experimental studies on coherent synchrotron radiation at an emittance exchange beam line,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 110702 (2012).

G. Doucas, M. F. Kimmitt, A. Doria, G. P. Gallerano, E. Giovenale, G. Messina, H. L. Andrews, and J. H. Brownell, “Determination of longitudinal bunch shape by means of coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 5, 072802 (2002).

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H. L. Andrews, C. H. Boulware, C. A. Brau, and J. D. Jarvis, “Dispersion and attenuation in a Smith-Purcell free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 8, 050703 (2005).

D. Yu. Sergeeva, A. A. Tishchenko, and M. N. Strikhanov, “Conical diffraction effect in optical and x-ray Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 18, 052801 (2015).

V. Blackmore, G. Doucas, C. Perry, B. Ottewell, M. F. Kimmitt, M. Woods, S. Molloy, and R. Arnold, “First measurements of the longitudinal bunch profile of a 28.5 GeV beam using coherent Smith-Purcell radiation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 12, 032803 (2009).

Y. Li, Y.-E. Sun, and K.-J. Kim, “High-power beam-based coherently enhanced THz radiation source,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 11, 080701 (2008).

A. Gover, “Superradiant and stimulated-superradiant emission in prebunched electron-beam radiators. I. Formulation,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 8, 030701 (2005).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

B. Marchetti, A. Bacci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. Ferrario, A. Mostacci, R. Pompili, C. Ronsivalle, B. Spataro, and I. Zagorodnov, “Novel schemes for the optimization of the SPARC narrow band THz source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073301 (2015).
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J. Coleman, C. Ekdahl, and J. Oertel, Intense X-ray and EUV light source, patent US9686844B2 (2017).

A. Aryshev, S. Araki, M. Fukuda, K. Lekomtsev, M. Shevelev, J. Urakawa, A. Potylitsyn, and K. Sakaue, “Development of advanced THz generation schemes at KEK LUCX facility,” in Proceedings of the 10 Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (2013), pp. 873–876.

H. Backe, W. Lauth, H. Mannweiler, H. Rochholz, K. Aulenbacher, R. Barday, H. Euteneuer, K.-H. Kaiser, G. Kube, F. Schwellnus, and V. Tioukine, “Investigation of Far-Infrared Smith-Purcell Radiation at the 3.41 MeV Electron Injector LINAC of the Mainz Microtron MAMI,” in Advanced Radiation Sources and Applications, H. Wiedemann, ed. (Springer, 2006).

O. Luiten, S. van der Geer, M. de Loos, F. Kiewiet, and M. van der Wiel, “Ideal waterbag electron bunches from an RF photogun,” in Proceedings of 9th European Particle Accelerator Conference 2004, L. Rivkin, ed. (CERN, 2004), pp. 725–727.

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A. P. Potylitsyn, M. I. Ryazanov, M. N. Strikhanov, and A. A. Tishchenko, Diffraction Radiation from Relativistic Particles (Springer, 2011).

D. Yu. Sergeeva and A. A. Tishchenko, “X-ray Smith-Purcell radiation from a beam skimming a grating surface,” in Proceedings of the 36th International Free Electron Laser Conference, J. Chrin, ed. (JACoW, 2015), pp. 378–383.

A. J. Lancaster, G. Doucas, H. Harrison, and I. V. Konoplev, “Novel grating designs for a single-shot Smith-Purcell bunch profile monitor,” in Proceedings of the 5th International Beam Instrumentation Conference, I.Costa, ed. (JACoW, 2017), pp. 213–216.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Layout for generation of Smith-Purcell radiation.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The longitudinal profile of the beam f l ( x ) described by Eq. (7) for different parameters.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The longitudinal form-factor F l f described by Eq. (12) for μ=0 and γ=2 10 4 .
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The longitudinal profile of the beam described by g l ( x ) from Eq. (16).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The longitudinal form-factor of the beam F l g described by Eq. (19) at γ=16 (a) for N b =16, (b) for σ x = λ 0 /7 .
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The comparison between F inc (red dashed curve) and N F coh g (black solid curve) for the beam of size σ x =100μm, σ y,z =250μm, λ 0 =0.8mm, ϕ=0, N b =4, N/ N b = 10 8 , γ=16.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Spectral-angular distribution of SPR at THz frequencies for the trains of microbunches with population of each microbunch N/ N b = 10 8 . Black solid curve is plotted for λ= β 1 λ 0 0.8mm (see Eq. (21) for s=1), red dashed curve is plotted for λ= β 1 λ 0 /2 0.4mm (see Eq. (21) for s=2). For all curves λ 0 =0.8mm, σ x =100μm, σ y,z =250μm, ϕ=0, N b =4, N st =7, γ=16, h=0.7mm, d=2mm, a=1mm.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Spectral-angular distribution of SPR at THz frequencies for the trains of microbunches with population of each microbunch N/ N b = 10 8 depending on the wavelength. Black solid curve is plotted for N b =2, red curve N b =4, blue curve N b =16. For all the curves λ 0 =0.8mm, σ x =100μm, σ y,z =250μm, ϕ=0, N st =7, γ=16, h=0.7mm, d=2mm, a=1mm, θ=0.2rad.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Spectral-angular distribution of SPR at THz frequencies (a) for N b =2, N st =9, d=11mm; (b) for N b =16, N st =9, d=11mm; (c) for N b =16, N st =9, d=2.2mm. For all the curves σ x =100μm, σ y,z =250μm, λ 0 =0.8mm, ϕ=0, θ= 50 0 , γ=16, h=0.7mm, a=d/2 , N= 10 9 . The blue curve is 2 10 2 G with G from Eq. (5), the red curve is the longitudinal form-factor multiplied by 10, i.e. 10 F l g , with F l g from Eq. (19).
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Dependence of R= dW( m=3,s=1 ) dW( m=3,s=2 ) on the depth of the beam modulation for θ=1.77rad. The other parameters are as in Fig. 7.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Spectral-angular distribution of SPR for the Gaussian-shaped beam with sinusoidal modulation at X-ray frequencies, according to Eqs. (2) and (28). (a) Black solid curve: radiation from fully modulated beam μ=0; red dashed curve: partially modulated beam μ=0.2; blue dotted curve for the single not modulated bunch. For all the curves σ x =20μm, λ 0 =10nm, N b 2000, h=0.05mm, d=6.5μm, λ=10.005nm. (b) Black solid curve: d=6.4μm, which corresponds to Eq. (32), m=3; blue dashed curve: d=6.6μm. For all curves: μ=0, σ x / λ 0 =500, λ 0 =3nm, θ=53mrad, h=10μm. For both figures: γ=2 10 3 , σ y,z =10μm, ϕ=0, a=d/2 , N= 10 10 , ω p =26.1eV(beryllium), N st =7.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Dependence of the spectral-angular distribution of the radiation on the depth of beam modulation μ. The black curve corresponds to the first SPR peak m=1, θ=55.5mrad, the blue dashed curve corresponds to the fifth SPR peak m=5, θ=124.1mrad. Other parameters as in Fig. 11(a).

Equations (42)

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λm=d( β 1 cosθ ),m=1,2,...
d 2 W( n,ω ) dωdΩ = d 2 W 1 ( n,ω ) dωdΩ GF,
F=N F inc +N( N1 ) F coh .
F inc = V d 3 r | e iq( r r 0 ) | 2 P( r ) , F coh = | V d 3 r e iq( r r 0 ) P( r ) | 2 ,
G= sin 2 ( N st dφ/2 ) sin 2 ( dφ/2 ) ,
f( x )=Cexp[ x 2 / σ x 2 ]( 1+ n=1 b n cos(n k 0 x) ),
f l ( x )= 2 π σ x μ+ sin 2 ( πx/ λ 0 ) 1+2μexp[ π 2 σ x 2 / λ 0 2 ] exp[ x 2 σ x 2 ],
f tr ( y,z )={ exp[ y 2 / σ y 2 ] π σ y σ z ,h σ z 2 zh+ σ z 2 , 0,z<h σ z /2 ,z>h+ σ z /2 .
F inc f = sinh( ρ σ z ) ρ σ z ,
F coh f = F tr f F l f ,
F tr f = sinh 2 ( ρ σ z /2 ) ( ρ σ z /2 ) 2 exp[ σ y 2 k y 2 2 ],
F l f =exp[ σ x 2 ξ 2 2 ] ( 1+2μexp[ π 2 σ x 2 / λ 0 2 ]cosh( πξ σ x 2 / λ 0 ) 1+2μexp[ π 2 σ x 2 / λ 0 2 ] ) 2 ,
k y = ω c sinθsinϕ,ξ=ω/v ,ρ= ξ 2 + k y 2 ω 2 / c 2
λ= β 1 λ 0 .
Δλ= 2 λ 0 β ( π σ x λ 0 λ 0 π σ x ) 1 8 λ 0 βπ N b .
g l ( x )= 1 N b π σ x s=0 N b 1 exp[ ( xs λ 0 ) 2 σ x 2 ] .
F coh g = F l g F tr g ,
F tr g = sin h 2 ( ρ σ z /2 ) ( ρ σ z /2 ) 2 exp[ σ y 2 k y 2 2 ],
F l g =exp[ σ x 2 ξ 2 2 ] 1 N b 2 sin 2 ( N b λ 0 ξ/2 ) sin 2 ( λ 0 ξ/2 ) ,
F l g = | p=0 N b 1 σ p e ω cβ ( σ p 2 4 ω cβ +ip λ p ) / p=0 N b 1 σ p | 2 ,
λ= β 1 λ 0 s ,s=1,2,...,
Δλ= 2 ( N b 2 s 2 1 ) N b λ 0 β .
σ x λ 0 1 π N b N b 2 s 2 1 .
n=( cosθ,sinθsinϕ,sinθcosϕ ).
d 2 W 1 ( n,ω ) dωdΩ = e 2 c exp[ 2ρh ] π 2 β 3 ρ 2 φ 2 ω 4 c 4 sin 2 ( aφ 2 )[ ( 1 n y 2 )+2 n y 2 γ 2 γ 2 1 n y 2 ( 1β n x )+ β( 1 n y 2 ) n x γ 2 ].
λ 0 =d( 1β n x ) s m ,s,m=1,2,...
cosθ= β 1 λ 0 dβ m s ,s,m=1,2...
d 2 W 1 ( n,ω ) dωdΩ = e 2 c e 2ρh ( ε( ω )1 2πβφρ ) 2 ω 4 c 4 sin 2 ( aφ 2 ) | [ n × n ×( ω βc γ 2 e x + k y e y iρ e z ) ] | 2 | ρi( ω/c ) | ε( ω )1+ n z 2 | | 2 ,
ε( ω )=1 ω p 2 / ω 2 ,ω>> ω p ,
n = 1 ε( ω ) ( n x , n y ,ε( ω )1+ n z 2 ).
λ 0 m=d( 1β n x ),m=1,2,...
cosθ= β 1 λ 0 dβ m,m=1,2,...,
2π σ z <<λγβ,
λ t βm=d( 1 θ t 2 /2 β n x ),m=1,2...
Δλ λ t = θ t 2 /2 β 1 ( 1 θ t 2 /2 )cosθ θ t 2 4 sin 2 ( θ/2 )
D inc = ( 1+ hωγ cβ σ α 2 ) 1/2 , D coh = ( 1+ hωγ 2cβ σ α 2 ) 1 ,
F=N F inc D inc +N( N1 ) F coh D coh .
hωγ cβ σ α 2 <<1,
σ α < γ 1 .
Δλ λ =( λ γ ) Δγ λ
( Δλ λ ) SP = Δγ γ 3
Δ λ SP = 2d N st ( β 1 n x ) ( N st 2 m 2 1 ) .

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