Abstract

Growth of laser damage on High Reflection (HR) thin film coatings is investigated at the wavelength of 1.030µm in the sub-picosecond regime. An experimental laser damage setup in a pump / probe configuration is used to study the growth behavior of engineered damage sites as well as laser damage sites. Results demonstrate that engineered sites and laser damage sites grow identically which indicates that the growth phenomenon is intrinsic to materials and stack design. In order to analyze the experimental results, we have developed a numerical model to simulate growth. Using FEM simulations, we demonstrate that growth is governed by the evolution of the electric field distribution in the mirror stack under the successive laser shots, which is supported by time-resolved observations of damage growth events. Eventually the results are compared to laser damage observations made on of full scale PETAL mirrors, which fully support the approach.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2017 (1)

2016 (6)

S. Rapp, M. Schmidt, and H. P. Hubern, “Selective femtosecond laser structuring of dielectric thin films with different band gaps: a time-resolved study of ablation mechanisms,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(12), 1035 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. N. Raman, S. G. Demos, N. Shen, E. Feigenbaum, R. A. Negres, S. Elhadj, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. J. Matthews, “Damage on fused silica optics caused by laser ablation of surface-bound microparticles,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2634–2647 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Miquel, C. Lion, and P. Vivini, “The Laser Mega-Joule: LMJ & PETAL status and Program Overview,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 688(1), 012067 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Spaeth, P. Wegner, T. Suratwala, M. Nostrand, J. Bude, A. Conder, J. Folta, J. Heebner, L. Kegelmeyer, B. MacGowan, D. C. Mason, M. J. Matthews, and P. K. Whitman, “Optics Recycle Loop Strategy for NIF Operations Above UV Laser-Induced Damage Threshold,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 265–294 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Sozet, J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, N. Roquin, L. Gallais, and L. Lamaignère, “Laser damage growth with picosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 41(10), 2342–2345 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Gallais and S. Monneret, “Time-resolved quantitative-phase microscopy of laser-material interactions using a wavefront sensor,” Opt. Lett. 41(14), 3245–3248 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

2014 (3)

2012 (2)

B. Mangote, L. Gallais, M. Commandré, M. Mende, L. Jensen, H. Ehlers, M. Jupé, D. Ristau, A. Melninkaitis, J. Mirauskas, V. Sirutkaitis, S. Kičas, T. Tolenis, and R. Drazdys, “Femtosecond laser damage resistance of oxide and mixture oxide optical coatings,” Opt. Lett. 37(9), 1478–1480 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Mangote, L. Gallais, M. Zerrad, F. Lemarchand, L. H. Gao, M. Commandré, and M. Lequime, “A high accuracy femto-/picosecond laser damage test facility dedicated to the study of optical thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(1), 013109 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

T. Rublack, S. Hartnauer, P. Kappe, C. Swiatkowski, and G. Seifert, “Selective ablation of thin SiO2 layers on silicon substrates by femto- and picosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 103(1), 43–50 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. R. Qiu, J. E. Wolfe, A. M. Monterrosa, M. D. Feit, T. V. Pistor, and C. J. Stolz, “Searching for optimal mitigation geometries for laser-resistant multilayer high-reflector coatings,” Appl. Opt. 50(9), C373–C381 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2007 (2)

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Razé, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15(19), 12508–12522 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the OMEGA laser,” Opt. Photonics News 16(7), 30–36 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

G. H. Miller, E. I. Moses, and C. R. Wuest, “The National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. Jasapara, A. V. V. Nampoothiri, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, and K. Starke, “Femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in dielectric thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 63(4), 045117 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

L. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, C. Battersby, R. Dickson, R. Jennings, J. Kimmons, M. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, M. Runkel, and C. Weinzapfel, “Automated Damage Test Facilities for Materials Development and Production Optic Quality Assurance at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 302 (1999).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

Arikawa, Y.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Azechi, H.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Balas, M.

Battersby, C.

L. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, C. Battersby, R. Dickson, R. Jennings, J. Kimmons, M. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, M. Runkel, and C. Weinzapfel, “Automated Damage Test Facilities for Materials Development and Production Optic Quality Assurance at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 302 (1999).
[Crossref]

Béhar, G.

Benoist, A.

L. Lamaignère, G. Dupuy, A. Bourgeade, A. Benoist, A. Roques, and R. Courchinoux, “Damage growth in fused silica optics at 351nm: refined modeling of large-beam experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 114(4), 517–526 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bercegol, H.

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blanchot, N.

Bonod, N.

Bouillet, S.

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bourgeade, A.

L. Lamaignère, G. Dupuy, A. Bourgeade, A. Benoist, A. Roques, and R. Courchinoux, “Damage growth in fused silica optics at 351nm: refined modeling of large-beam experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 114(4), 517–526 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bude, J.

M. Spaeth, P. Wegner, T. Suratwala, M. Nostrand, J. Bude, A. Conder, J. Folta, J. Heebner, L. Kegelmeyer, B. MacGowan, D. C. Mason, M. J. Matthews, and P. K. Whitman, “Optics Recycle Loop Strategy for NIF Operations Above UV Laser-Induced Damage Threshold,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 265–294 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cai, H.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Canova, F.

J. P. Chambaret, F. Canova, R. Lopez-Martens, G. Cheriaux, G. Mourou, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, F. Druon, P. Georges, N. Forget, F. Ple, and P. Pittman, “ILE 25PW single laser beamline: the French step for the European Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI),” in CLEO/QELS Conference (2007).

Carr, C. W.

Chambaret, J. P.

J. P. Chambaret, F. Canova, R. Lopez-Martens, G. Cheriaux, G. Mourou, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, F. Druon, P. Georges, N. Forget, F. Ple, and P. Pittman, “ILE 25PW single laser beamline: the French step for the European Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI),” in CLEO/QELS Conference (2007).

Chappuis, C.

Chapuis, J. C.

Chardavoine, S.

Charrier, J. F.

Cheng, X.

Cheriaux, G.

J. P. Chambaret, F. Canova, R. Lopez-Martens, G. Cheriaux, G. Mourou, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, F. Druon, P. Georges, N. Forget, F. Ple, and P. Pittman, “ILE 25PW single laser beamline: the French step for the European Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI),” in CLEO/QELS Conference (2007).

Coïc, H.

Commandré, M.

B. Mangote, L. Gallais, M. Commandré, M. Mende, L. Jensen, H. Ehlers, M. Jupé, D. Ristau, A. Melninkaitis, J. Mirauskas, V. Sirutkaitis, S. Kičas, T. Tolenis, and R. Drazdys, “Femtosecond laser damage resistance of oxide and mixture oxide optical coatings,” Opt. Lett. 37(9), 1478–1480 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Mangote, L. Gallais, M. Zerrad, F. Lemarchand, L. H. Gao, M. Commandré, and M. Lequime, “A high accuracy femto-/picosecond laser damage test facility dedicated to the study of optical thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(1), 013109 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Conder, A.

M. Spaeth, P. Wegner, T. Suratwala, M. Nostrand, J. Bude, A. Conder, J. Folta, J. Heebner, L. Kegelmeyer, B. MacGowan, D. C. Mason, M. J. Matthews, and P. K. Whitman, “Optics Recycle Loop Strategy for NIF Operations Above UV Laser-Induced Damage Threshold,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 265–294 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cotel, A.

J. P. Chambaret, F. Canova, R. Lopez-Martens, G. Cheriaux, G. Mourou, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, F. Druon, P. Georges, N. Forget, F. Ple, and P. Pittman, “ILE 25PW single laser beamline: the French step for the European Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI),” in CLEO/QELS Conference (2007).

Courchinoux, R.

L. Lamaignère, G. Dupuy, A. Bourgeade, A. Benoist, A. Roques, and R. Courchinoux, “Damage growth in fused silica optics at 351nm: refined modeling of large-beam experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 114(4), 517–526 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cross, D. A.

Damiens-Dupont, C.

Danson, C.

C. Danson, D. Hillier, N. Hopps, and D. Neely, “Petawatt class lasers worldwide,” High Power Laser. Sci. Eng. 3, 1–3 (2015).
[Crossref]

de Villele, G.

Demos, S. G.

Desserouer, F.

Dickson, R.

L. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, C. Battersby, R. Dickson, R. Jennings, J. Kimmons, M. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, M. Runkel, and C. Weinzapfel, “Automated Damage Test Facilities for Materials Development and Production Optic Quality Assurance at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 302 (1999).
[Crossref]

Donval, T.

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Drazdys, R.

Druon, F.

J. P. Chambaret, F. Canova, R. Lopez-Martens, G. Cheriaux, G. Mourou, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, F. Druon, P. Georges, N. Forget, F. Ple, and P. Pittman, “ILE 25PW single laser beamline: the French step for the European Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI),” in CLEO/QELS Conference (2007).

Dupuy, G.

L. Lamaignère, G. Dupuy, A. Bourgeade, A. Benoist, A. Roques, and R. Courchinoux, “Damage growth in fused silica optics at 351nm: refined modeling of large-beam experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 114(4), 517–526 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Razé, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15(19), 12508–12522 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duthu, J.

Ehlers, H.

Elhadj, S.

Feigenbaum, E.

Feit, M. D.

Flamand, J.

Folta, J.

M. Spaeth, P. Wegner, T. Suratwala, M. Nostrand, J. Bude, A. Conder, J. Folta, J. Heebner, L. Kegelmeyer, B. MacGowan, D. C. Mason, M. J. Matthews, and P. K. Whitman, “Optics Recycle Loop Strategy for NIF Operations Above UV Laser-Induced Damage Threshold,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 265–294 (2016).
[Crossref]

Forget, N.

J. P. Chambaret, F. Canova, R. Lopez-Martens, G. Cheriaux, G. Mourou, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, F. Druon, P. Georges, N. Forget, F. Ple, and P. Pittman, “ILE 25PW single laser beamline: the French step for the European Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI),” in CLEO/QELS Conference (2007).

Fujimoto, Y.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fujioka, S.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gallais, L.

Gamaly, E. G.

Gao, L. H.

B. Mangote, L. Gallais, M. Zerrad, F. Lemarchand, L. H. Gao, M. Commandré, and M. Lequime, “A high accuracy femto-/picosecond laser damage test facility dedicated to the study of optical thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(1), 013109 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garcia, P.

Georges, P.

J. P. Chambaret, F. Canova, R. Lopez-Martens, G. Cheriaux, G. Mourou, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, F. Druon, P. Georges, N. Forget, F. Ple, and P. Pittman, “ILE 25PW single laser beamline: the French step for the European Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI),” in CLEO/QELS Conference (2007).

Goossens, J. P.

Granet, F.

Grosset-Grange, C.

Guenther, K. H.

Guerin, P.

Habara, H.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hartnauer, S.

T. Rublack, S. Hartnauer, P. Kappe, C. Swiatkowski, and G. Seifert, “Selective ablation of thin SiO2 layers on silicon substrates by femto- and picosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 103(1), 43–50 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hebrard, B.

Heebner, J.

M. Spaeth, P. Wegner, T. Suratwala, M. Nostrand, J. Bude, A. Conder, J. Folta, J. Heebner, L. Kegelmeyer, B. MacGowan, D. C. Mason, M. J. Matthews, and P. K. Whitman, “Optics Recycle Loop Strategy for NIF Operations Above UV Laser-Induced Damage Threshold,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 265–294 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hillier, D.

C. Danson, D. Hillier, N. Hopps, and D. Neely, “Petawatt class lasers worldwide,” High Power Laser. Sci. Eng. 3, 1–3 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hilsz, L.

Hironaka, Y.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Homma, H.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hopps, N.

C. Danson, D. Hillier, N. Hopps, and D. Neely, “Petawatt class lasers worldwide,” High Power Laser. Sci. Eng. 3, 1–3 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hosoda, H.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hubern, H. P.

S. Rapp, M. Schmidt, and H. P. Hubern, “Selective femtosecond laser structuring of dielectric thin films with different band gaps: a time-resolved study of ablation mechanisms,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(12), 1035 (2016).
[Crossref]

Isobe, M.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Iwamoto, A.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jasapara, J.

J. Jasapara, A. V. V. Nampoothiri, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, and K. Starke, “Femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in dielectric thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 63(4), 045117 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jennings, R.

L. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, C. Battersby, R. Dickson, R. Jennings, J. Kimmons, M. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, M. Runkel, and C. Weinzapfel, “Automated Damage Test Facilities for Materials Development and Production Optic Quality Assurance at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 302 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jensen, L.

Jitsuno, T.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Johzaki, T.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Josse, M.

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jupé, M.

Kaladgew, S.

Kappe, P.

T. Rublack, S. Hartnauer, P. Kappe, C. Swiatkowski, and G. Seifert, “Selective ablation of thin SiO2 layers on silicon substrates by femto- and picosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 103(1), 43–50 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kawanaka, J.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kegelmeyer, L.

M. Spaeth, P. Wegner, T. Suratwala, M. Nostrand, J. Bude, A. Conder, J. Folta, J. Heebner, L. Kegelmeyer, B. MacGowan, D. C. Mason, M. J. Matthews, and P. K. Whitman, “Optics Recycle Loop Strategy for NIF Operations Above UV Laser-Induced Damage Threshold,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 265–294 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kelly, J. H.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the OMEGA laser,” Opt. Photonics News 16(7), 30–36 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kessler, T. J.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the OMEGA laser,” Opt. Photonics News 16(7), 30–36 (2005).
[Crossref]

Key, M.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kicas, S.

Kimmons, J.

L. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, C. Battersby, R. Dickson, R. Jennings, J. Kimmons, M. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, M. Runkel, and C. Weinzapfel, “Automated Damage Test Facilities for Materials Development and Production Optic Quality Assurance at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 302 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kodama, R.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Koga, M.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kozlowski, M.

L. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, C. Battersby, R. Dickson, R. Jennings, J. Kimmons, M. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, M. Runkel, and C. Weinzapfel, “Automated Damage Test Facilities for Materials Development and Production Optic Quality Assurance at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 302 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kruschwitz, B. E.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the OMEGA laser,” Opt. Photonics News 16(7), 30–36 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lacombe, T.

Lamaignere, L.

Lamaignère, L.

M. Sozet, J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, N. Roquin, L. Gallais, and L. Lamaignère, “Laser damage growth with picosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 41(10), 2342–2345 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sozet, J. Néauport, E. Lavastre, N. Roquin, L. Gallais, and L. Lamaignère, “Laser damage density measurement of optical components in the sub-picosecond regime,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 2091–2094 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lamaignère, G. Dupuy, A. Bourgeade, A. Benoist, A. Roques, and R. Courchinoux, “Damage growth in fused silica optics at 351nm: refined modeling of large-beam experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 114(4), 517–526 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laniesse, F.

Lavastre, E.

Le Blanc, C.

J. P. Chambaret, F. Canova, R. Lopez-Martens, G. Cheriaux, G. Mourou, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, F. Druon, P. Georges, N. Forget, F. Ple, and P. Pittman, “ILE 25PW single laser beamline: the French step for the European Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI),” in CLEO/QELS Conference (2007).

Lemarchand, F.

B. Mangote, L. Gallais, M. Zerrad, F. Lemarchand, L. H. Gao, M. Commandré, and M. Lequime, “A high accuracy femto-/picosecond laser damage test facility dedicated to the study of optical thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(1), 013109 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lequime, M.

B. Mangote, L. Gallais, M. Zerrad, F. Lemarchand, L. H. Gao, M. Commandré, and M. Lequime, “A high accuracy femto-/picosecond laser damage test facility dedicated to the study of optical thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(1), 013109 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lion, C.

J. L. Miquel, C. Lion, and P. Vivini, “The Laser Mega-Joule: LMJ & PETAL status and Program Overview,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 688(1), 012067 (2016).
[Crossref]

Longhi, T.

Lopez-Martens, R.

J. P. Chambaret, F. Canova, R. Lopez-Martens, G. Cheriaux, G. Mourou, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, F. Druon, P. Georges, N. Forget, F. Ple, and P. Pittman, “ILE 25PW single laser beamline: the French step for the European Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI),” in CLEO/QELS Conference (2007).

Loucks, S. J.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the OMEGA laser,” Opt. Photonics News 16(7), 30–36 (2005).
[Crossref]

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MacGowan, B.

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M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
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Nakamura, H.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
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M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
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Nostrand, M.

M. Spaeth, P. Wegner, T. Suratwala, M. Nostrand, J. Bude, A. Conder, J. Folta, J. Heebner, L. Kegelmeyer, B. MacGowan, D. C. Mason, M. J. Matthews, and P. K. Whitman, “Optics Recycle Loop Strategy for NIF Operations Above UV Laser-Induced Damage Threshold,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 265–294 (2016).
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M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
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Ple, F.

J. P. Chambaret, F. Canova, R. Lopez-Martens, G. Cheriaux, G. Mourou, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, F. Druon, P. Georges, N. Forget, F. Ple, and P. Pittman, “ILE 25PW single laser beamline: the French step for the European Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI),” in CLEO/QELS Conference (2007).

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L. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, C. Battersby, R. Dickson, R. Jennings, J. Kimmons, M. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, M. Runkel, and C. Weinzapfel, “Automated Damage Test Facilities for Materials Development and Production Optic Quality Assurance at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 302 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sakagami, H.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sakawa, Y.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Santacreu, N.

Sarukura, N.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, M.

S. Rapp, M. Schmidt, and H. P. Hubern, “Selective femtosecond laser structuring of dielectric thin films with different band gaps: a time-resolved study of ablation mechanisms,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(12), 1035 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schwartz, S.

L. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, C. Battersby, R. Dickson, R. Jennings, J. Kimmons, M. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, M. Runkel, and C. Weinzapfel, “Automated Damage Test Facilities for Materials Development and Production Optic Quality Assurance at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 302 (1999).
[Crossref]

Seifert, G.

T. Rublack, S. Hartnauer, P. Kappe, C. Swiatkowski, and G. Seifert, “Selective ablation of thin SiO2 layers on silicon substrates by femto- and picosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 103(1), 43–50 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sheehan, L.

L. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, C. Battersby, R. Dickson, R. Jennings, J. Kimmons, M. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, M. Runkel, and C. Weinzapfel, “Automated Damage Test Facilities for Materials Development and Production Optic Quality Assurance at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 302 (1999).
[Crossref]

Shen, N.

Shigemori, K.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, T.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shiraga, H.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sirutkaitis, V.

Sozet, M.

Spaeth, M.

M. Spaeth, P. Wegner, T. Suratwala, M. Nostrand, J. Bude, A. Conder, J. Folta, J. Heebner, L. Kegelmeyer, B. MacGowan, D. C. Mason, M. J. Matthews, and P. K. Whitman, “Optics Recycle Loop Strategy for NIF Operations Above UV Laser-Induced Damage Threshold,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 265–294 (2016).
[Crossref]

Starke, K.

J. Jasapara, A. V. V. Nampoothiri, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, and K. Starke, “Femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in dielectric thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 63(4), 045117 (2001).
[Crossref]

Stoeckl, C.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the OMEGA laser,” Opt. Photonics News 16(7), 30–36 (2005).
[Crossref]

Stolz, C. J.

Sunahara, A.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Suratwala, T.

M. Spaeth, P. Wegner, T. Suratwala, M. Nostrand, J. Bude, A. Conder, J. Folta, J. Heebner, L. Kegelmeyer, B. MacGowan, D. C. Mason, M. J. Matthews, and P. K. Whitman, “Optics Recycle Loop Strategy for NIF Operations Above UV Laser-Induced Damage Threshold,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 265–294 (2016).
[Crossref]

Swiatkowski, C.

T. Rublack, S. Hartnauer, P. Kappe, C. Swiatkowski, and G. Seifert, “Selective ablation of thin SiO2 layers on silicon substrates by femto- and picosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 103(1), 43–50 (2011).
[Crossref]

Taguchi, T.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Takabe, H.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tanabe, M.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, K. A.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tanimoto, T.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tolenis, T.

Tsubakimoto, T.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Valla, D.

Vivini, P.

J. L. Miquel, C. Lion, and P. Vivini, “The Laser Mega-Joule: LMJ & PETAL status and Program Overview,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 688(1), 012067 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Watari, T.

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
[Crossref]

Waxer, L. J.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the OMEGA laser,” Opt. Photonics News 16(7), 30–36 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wegner, P.

M. Spaeth, P. Wegner, T. Suratwala, M. Nostrand, J. Bude, A. Conder, J. Folta, J. Heebner, L. Kegelmeyer, B. MacGowan, D. C. Mason, M. J. Matthews, and P. K. Whitman, “Optics Recycle Loop Strategy for NIF Operations Above UV Laser-Induced Damage Threshold,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 265–294 (2016).
[Crossref]

Weinzapfel, C.

L. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, C. Battersby, R. Dickson, R. Jennings, J. Kimmons, M. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, M. Runkel, and C. Weinzapfel, “Automated Damage Test Facilities for Materials Development and Production Optic Quality Assurance at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 302 (1999).
[Crossref]

Whitman, P. K.

M. Spaeth, P. Wegner, T. Suratwala, M. Nostrand, J. Bude, A. Conder, J. Folta, J. Heebner, L. Kegelmeyer, B. MacGowan, D. C. Mason, M. J. Matthews, and P. K. Whitman, “Optics Recycle Loop Strategy for NIF Operations Above UV Laser-Induced Damage Threshold,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 265–294 (2016).
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Wolfe, J. E.

Wuest, C. R.

G. H. Miller, E. I. Moses, and C. R. Wuest, “The National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
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Zerrad, M.

B. Mangote, L. Gallais, M. Zerrad, F. Lemarchand, L. H. Gao, M. Commandré, and M. Lequime, “A high accuracy femto-/picosecond laser damage test facility dedicated to the study of optical thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(1), 013109 (2012).
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Zuegel, J. D.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the OMEGA laser,” Opt. Photonics News 16(7), 30–36 (2005).
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Appl. Opt. (2)

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T. Rublack, S. Hartnauer, P. Kappe, C. Swiatkowski, and G. Seifert, “Selective ablation of thin SiO2 layers on silicon substrates by femto- and picosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 103(1), 43–50 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Rapp, M. Schmidt, and H. P. Hubern, “Selective femtosecond laser structuring of dielectric thin films with different band gaps: a time-resolved study of ablation mechanisms,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(12), 1035 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fus. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Spaeth, P. Wegner, T. Suratwala, M. Nostrand, J. Bude, A. Conder, J. Folta, J. Heebner, L. Kegelmeyer, B. MacGowan, D. C. Mason, M. J. Matthews, and P. K. Whitman, “Optics Recycle Loop Strategy for NIF Operations Above UV Laser-Induced Damage Threshold,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 265–294 (2016).
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C. Danson, D. Hillier, N. Hopps, and D. Neely, “Petawatt class lasers worldwide,” High Power Laser. Sci. Eng. 3, 1–3 (2015).
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J. L. Miquel, C. Lion, and P. Vivini, “The Laser Mega-Joule: LMJ & PETAL status and Program Overview,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 688(1), 012067 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

M. Koga, Y. Arikawa, H. Azechi, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Habara, Y. Hironaka, H. Homma, H. Hosoda, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, J. Kawanaka, R. Kodama, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, Y. Nakata, H. Nakamura, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, Y. Sakawa, N. Sarukura, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, T. Shimizu, H. Takabe, M. Tanabe, K. A. Tanaka, T. Tanimoto, T. Tsubakimoto, T. Watari, A. Sunahara, M. Isobe, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, O. Motojima, T. Ozaki, H. Sakagami, T. Taguchi, Y. Nakao, H. Cai, M. Key, P. Norreys, and J. Pasley, “Present states and future prospect of fast ignition realization experiment (FIREX) with Gekko and LFEX Lasers at ILE,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 653(1), 84–88 (2011).
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Opt. Eng. (1)

G. H. Miller, E. I. Moses, and C. R. Wuest, “The National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Photonics News (1)

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the OMEGA laser,” Opt. Photonics News 16(7), 30–36 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. Jasapara, A. V. V. Nampoothiri, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, and K. Starke, “Femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in dielectric thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 63(4), 045117 (2001).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, C. Battersby, R. Dickson, R. Jennings, J. Kimmons, M. Kozlowski, S. Maricle, R. Mouser, M. Runkel, and C. Weinzapfel, “Automated Damage Test Facilities for Materials Development and Production Optic Quality Assurance at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 302 (1999).
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L. Lamaignère, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, M. Josse, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “An accurate, repeatable, and well characterized measurement of laser damage density of optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103105 (2007).
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B. Mangote, L. Gallais, M. Zerrad, F. Lemarchand, L. H. Gao, M. Commandré, and M. Lequime, “A high accuracy femto-/picosecond laser damage test facility dedicated to the study of optical thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(1), 013109 (2012).
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Supplementary Material (3)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Repeatability of the experimental growth sequences on engineered damage sites
» Visualization 2       Time-resolved acquisition on engineered damage site during a laser growth sequence.
» Visualization 3       Energy-deposition observation performed with a time-resolved system and the resulting damage site during growth sequence on a real damage site.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup used for experiments. λ∕2, half wave plates; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; PC, pyroelectric cells; SHG, BBO crystal; L1,2,3, lenses; PH, pinhole; Obj., microscope objective; T.L., tube lens; F1,2, filters; BD, beam dump. Inset on the left-hand side describes the pump-probe configuration in the sample area.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) In-line SEM observation of an engineered structure. Processing layers that have a marbled aspect are visible outside the hole. (b) An AFM profile characterization realized after the removal of the PMMA and gold layers.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Repeatability. Experimental growth sequences on engineered damage sites in S polarization a), b), c) in red and P polarization d), e), f) in blue. The laser beam comes from the left of the images. Each row represents the evolution of the same site after a number of laser irradiations indicated in the top left corner of the image. The engineered damage sites are all identical: diameter 3.9µm, depth 400nm. The growth fluence is 0.95 ± 0.03 J/cm2. See Visualization 1.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Damage area evolution as a function of the shot number for the 6 sites reported in Fig. 3. Linear regressions are also reported.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Linear growth coefficient α as a function of fluence. Comparison between results obtained on engineered damage sites (empty circles) and on laser damage sites (triangle and square) for P and S beam polarization. Intrinsic LIDT are also reported (dashed lines).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Example of a time-resolved acquisition on engineered damage site after the first laser shot, with probe illumination delayed 4 ps after the pump pulse. The laser beam comes from the left of the image. (b) Resulting damage morphology. See Visualization 2 for complete sequence (shot number is reported on the top-left corner).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Principle of the growth sequence simulation. (a) Initial structure whose hole dimensions fit engineered holes described in Section 2. (b) EFI got from the propagation of a plane wave at 45° incidence. A scattered field method is used for the calculation. Only the EFI in the mirror is represented. (c) Local LIDT in the mirror structure obtained from Eq. (2). (d) Considering an incident fluence of 1J/cm2, the part of the mirror that doesn’t withstand this fluence is removed: the structure geometry is upgraded and used for a new iteration.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 . Growth sequences in S and P polarizations of an engineered damage (gray pictures) and the corresponding modeling case (color images). The red dotted lines match the damaged areas with the simulated damage morphology. Similar structures are observed in both cases.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 The damage profiles (black lines), corresponding to the damage sites at the end of the experimental growth sequence (top row), measured by means of atomic force microscopy are compared with the modeling results (color profile on the bottom row) in S and P polarizations, (a) and (b) respectively. The AFM profile in case (a) exceeds the calculation window. The blue color corresponds to the air environment and orange layers (respectively red layers) correspond to SiO2 layers (respectively HfO2 layers).
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 (a) Time resolved acquisition on engineered damage site obtained with a probe illumination delayed 4 ps after the pump pulse. (b) Simulated EFI distribution in the interference structure. The red straight lines match the maximal local absorption with the local EFI enhancement.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Energy-deposition detected with a probe illumination delayed 4 ps after the pump pulse (color images) and the resulting damage site (gray images). They are observed during growth sequence performed on a laser damage site. The laser beam comes from the left of the images. The shot number is reported on the top corner of each image. Shot #1 corresponds to the initiation of the laser damage site. For our parametric study, all the laser damage sites were initiated in P-polarization at F = 1.40J/cm2. The growth experiment has been then conducted in S-polarization at F = 0.86J/cm2 (see Visualization 3).
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Damage morphology observed on a PETAL full scale mirror after operation (a, c) and on a representative sample with engineered sites (b, d). Laser beam is coming from the left side.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 LIDT of the dielectric mirror

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Table 2 Intrinsic LIDT of the silica and hafnia used in the mirror coating

Equations (2)

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EFI= | E/ E inc | 2
LID T int =EF I max ×LID T eff

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