Abstract

It is demonstrated that higher-order plasmonic modes in the split-ring resonators (SRRs) are strongly enhanced when SRRs are arranged in a densely spaced two-dimensional array. The mode enhancement results from the near-field electrical coupling between the adjacent resonators. The effect is most pronounced in narrow gap SRRs which allows to observe experimentally plasmon modes up to the seventh order. In the array of narrow gap SRRs, the fifth-order resonance demonstrates high Q-factor, high resonance strength and wide tunability which opens up attractive features for practical applications of planar SRR structures.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (1)

G. Šlekas, P. Ragulis, D. Seliuta, and Ž. Kancleris, “Using of generalized Goertzel algorithm for FDTD calculation of the transmission and reflection spectra of periodic structures,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 59(6), 2038–2041 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

H. Zhang, C. Li, C. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Gu, B. Jin, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Experimental study on the transition of plasmonic resonance modes in double-ring dimers by conductive junctions in the terahertz regime,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27415–27422 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. He, J. Ye, X. Wang, Q. Kan, and Y. Zhang, “A broadband terahertz ultrathin multi-focus lens,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28800 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Xu, R. Singh, and W. Zhang, “High-Q lattice mode matched structural resonances in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(2), 021108 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94(16), 161103 (2016).

2015 (1)

I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

L. Wu, Z. Yang, M. Zhao, Y. Zheng, J. Duan, and X. Yuan, “Polarization-insensitive resonances with high quality-factors in meta-molecule metamaterials,” Opt. Express 22(12), 14588–14593 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Y. M. Tobing, L. Tjahjana, D. H. Zhang, Q. Zhang, and Q. Xiong, “Sub-100-nm sized silver split ring resonator metamaterials with fundamental magnetic resonance in the middle visible spectrum,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(3), 280–285 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Minkevičius, K. Madeikis, B. Voisiat, I. Kašalynas, R. Venckevičius, G. Račiukaitis, V. Tamošiūnas, and G. Valušis, “Focusing performance of terahertz zone plates with integrated cross-shape apertures,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 35(9), 699–702 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Jung and H. Lee, “Frequency tunable terahertz filter based on dual layered split-ring resonator array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(4S), 04EG01 (2014).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

2010 (3)

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. B. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. D. Averitt, M. R. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterials on parylene thin film substrates: Design, fabrication, and characterization at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(1), 011906 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, and W. Zhang, “Strong influence of packing density in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 241108 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Feth, M. König, M. Husnik, K. Stannigel, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Electromagnetic interaction of split-ring resonators: The role of separation and relative orientation,” Opt. Express 18(7), 6545–6554 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (6)

I. Sersic, M. Frimmer, E. Verhagen, and A. F. Koenderink, “Electric and magnetic dipole coupling in near-infrared split-ring metamaterial arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(21), 213902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “The impact of nearest neighbor interaction on the resonances in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021116 (2009).
[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “Metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Withayachumnankul and D. Abbott, “Metamaterials in the terahertz regime,” IEEE Photonics J. 1(2), 99–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Bitzer, J. Wallauer, H. Helm, H. Merbold, T. Feurer, and M. Walther, “Lattice modes mediate radiative coupling in metamaterial arrays,” Opt. Express 17(24), 22108–22113 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

A. W. Clark, A. Glidle, D. R. S. Cumming, and J. M. Cooper, “Nanophotonic split-ring resonators as dichroics for molecular spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023121 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Husnik, M. W. Klein, N. Feth, M. Konig, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Absolute extinction cross-section of individual magnetic split-ring resonators,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 614–617 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, “On the reinterpretation of resonances in split-ring-resonators at normal incidence,” Opt. Express 14(19), 8827–8836 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(15), 2943–2945 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1935 (1)

R. W. Wood, “Anomalous diffraction grating,” Phys. Rev. 48(12), 928–936 (1935).
[Crossref]

Abbott, D.

W. Withayachumnankul and D. Abbott, “Metamaterials in the terahertz regime,” IEEE Photonics J. 1(2), 99–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ahn, Y. H.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Naib, I.

I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Arrington, C. L.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Averitt, R. D.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. B. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. D. Averitt, M. R. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterials on parylene thin film substrates: Design, fabrication, and characterization at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(1), 011906 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “Metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, J. F. O’Hara, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. K. Azad, “Dynamically reconfigurable terahertz metamaterial through photo-doped semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(23), 231101 (2011).
[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “Metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bingham, C. M.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bitzer, A.

Brener, I.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Busch, K.

N. Feth, M. König, M. Husnik, K. Stannigel, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Electromagnetic interaction of split-ring resonators: The role of separation and relative orientation,” Opt. Express 18(7), 6545–6554 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Husnik, M. W. Klein, N. Feth, M. Konig, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Absolute extinction cross-section of individual magnetic split-ring resonators,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 614–617 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-T.

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, J. F. O’Hara, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. K. Azad, “Dynamically reconfigurable terahertz metamaterial through photo-doped semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(23), 231101 (2011).
[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “Metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. J.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chowdhury, D. R.

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, J. F. O’Hara, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. K. Azad, “Dynamically reconfigurable terahertz metamaterial through photo-doped semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(23), 231101 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, M. Reiten, J. Zhou, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Tailored resonator coupling for modifying the terahertz metamaterial response,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10679–10685 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cich, M. J.

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “Metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

Clark, A. W.

A. W. Clark, A. Glidle, D. R. S. Cumming, and J. M. Cooper, “Nanophotonic split-ring resonators as dichroics for molecular spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023121 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cooper, J. M.

A. W. Clark, A. Glidle, D. R. S. Cumming, and J. M. Cooper, “Nanophotonic split-ring resonators as dichroics for molecular spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023121 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cumming, D. R. S.

A. W. Clark, A. Glidle, D. R. S. Cumming, and J. M. Cooper, “Nanophotonic split-ring resonators as dichroics for molecular spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023121 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dignam, M. M.

I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dokmeci, M. R.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. B. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. D. Averitt, M. R. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterials on parylene thin film substrates: Design, fabrication, and characterization at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(1), 011906 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dolling, G.

Duan, J.

Economou, E. N.

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(15), 2943–2945 (2004).
[Crossref]

Etrich, C.

Fan, K.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Feth, N.

N. Feth, M. König, M. Husnik, K. Stannigel, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Electromagnetic interaction of split-ring resonators: The role of separation and relative orientation,” Opt. Express 18(7), 6545–6554 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Husnik, M. W. Klein, N. Feth, M. Konig, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Absolute extinction cross-section of individual magnetic split-ring resonators,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 614–617 (2008).
[Crossref]

Feurer, T.

Frimmer, M.

I. Sersic, M. Frimmer, E. Verhagen, and A. F. Koenderink, “Electric and magnetic dipole coupling in near-infrared split-ring metamaterial arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(21), 213902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

Glidle, A.

A. W. Clark, A. Glidle, D. R. S. Cumming, and J. M. Cooper, “Nanophotonic split-ring resonators as dichroics for molecular spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023121 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gu, J.

Han, J.

Han, S. T.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, J.

J. He, J. Ye, X. Wang, Q. Kan, and Y. Zhang, “A broadband terahertz ultrathin multi-focus lens,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28800 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Helm, H.

Highstrete, C.

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holden, A. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, J. T.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Husnik, M.

N. Feth, M. König, M. Husnik, K. Stannigel, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Electromagnetic interaction of split-ring resonators: The role of separation and relative orientation,” Opt. Express 18(7), 6545–6554 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Husnik, M. W. Klein, N. Feth, M. Konig, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Absolute extinction cross-section of individual magnetic split-ring resonators,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 614–617 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jin, B.

Jung, H.

H. Jung and H. Lee, “Frequency tunable terahertz filter based on dual layered split-ring resonator array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(4S), 04EG01 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kafesaki, M.

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(15), 2943–2945 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kan, Q.

J. He, J. Ye, X. Wang, Q. Kan, and Y. Zhang, “A broadband terahertz ultrathin multi-focus lens,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28800 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kancleris, Ž.

G. Šlekas, P. Ragulis, D. Seliuta, and Ž. Kancleris, “Using of generalized Goertzel algorithm for FDTD calculation of the transmission and reflection spectra of periodic structures,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 59(6), 2038–2041 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kašalynas, I.

L. Minkevičius, K. Madeikis, B. Voisiat, I. Kašalynas, R. Venckevičius, G. Račiukaitis, V. Tamošiūnas, and G. Valušis, “Focusing performance of terahertz zone plates with integrated cross-shape apertures,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 35(9), 699–702 (2014).
[Crossref]

Katsarakis, N.

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(15), 2943–2945 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. S.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H. S.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klein, M. W.

M. Husnik, M. W. Klein, N. Feth, M. Konig, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Absolute extinction cross-section of individual magnetic split-ring resonators,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 614–617 (2008).
[Crossref]

Koenderink, A. F.

I. Sersic, M. Frimmer, E. Verhagen, and A. F. Koenderink, “Electric and magnetic dipole coupling in near-infrared split-ring metamaterial arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(21), 213902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Konig, M.

M. Husnik, M. W. Klein, N. Feth, M. Konig, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Absolute extinction cross-section of individual magnetic split-ring resonators,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 614–617 (2008).
[Crossref]

König, M.

Koschny, T.

J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic and electric excitations in split ring resonators,” Opt. Express 15(26), 17881–17890 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(15), 2943–2945 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kuhl, J.

Landy, N. I.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lederer, F.

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “The impact of nearest neighbor interaction on the resonances in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021116 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, “On the reinterpretation of resonances in split-ring-resonators at normal incidence,” Opt. Express 14(19), 8827–8836 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, H.

H. Jung and H. Lee, “Frequency tunable terahertz filter based on dual layered split-ring resonator array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(4S), 04EG01 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, M.

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C.

Linden, S.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. B. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. D. Averitt, M. R. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterials on parylene thin film substrates: Design, fabrication, and characterization at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(1), 011906 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

MacNaughton, S.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. B. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. D. Averitt, M. R. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterials on parylene thin film substrates: Design, fabrication, and characterization at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(1), 011906 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Madeikis, K.

L. Minkevičius, K. Madeikis, B. Voisiat, I. Kašalynas, R. Venckevičius, G. Račiukaitis, V. Tamošiūnas, and G. Valušis, “Focusing performance of terahertz zone plates with integrated cross-shape apertures,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 35(9), 699–702 (2014).
[Crossref]

Manjappa, M.

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94(16), 161103 (2016).

Merbold, H.

Minkevicius, L.

L. Minkevičius, K. Madeikis, B. Voisiat, I. Kašalynas, R. Venckevičius, G. Račiukaitis, V. Tamošiūnas, and G. Valušis, “Focusing performance of terahertz zone plates with integrated cross-shape apertures,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 35(9), 699–702 (2014).
[Crossref]

Niegemann, J.

N. Feth, M. König, M. Husnik, K. Stannigel, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Electromagnetic interaction of split-ring resonators: The role of separation and relative orientation,” Opt. Express 18(7), 6545–6554 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Husnik, M. W. Klein, N. Feth, M. Konig, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Absolute extinction cross-section of individual magnetic split-ring resonators,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 614–617 (2008).
[Crossref]

O’Hara, J. F.

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, J. F. O’Hara, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. K. Azad, “Dynamically reconfigurable terahertz metamaterial through photo-doped semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(23), 231101 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, M. Reiten, J. Zhou, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Tailored resonator coupling for modifying the terahertz metamaterial response,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10679–10685 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Padilla, W. J.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. B. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. D. Averitt, M. R. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterials on parylene thin film substrates: Design, fabrication, and characterization at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(1), 011906 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “Metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J. Y.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, S. J.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, W. K.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peralta, X. G.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pilon, D.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Raciukaitis, G.

L. Minkevičius, K. Madeikis, B. Voisiat, I. Kašalynas, R. Venckevičius, G. Račiukaitis, V. Tamošiūnas, and G. Valušis, “Focusing performance of terahertz zone plates with integrated cross-shape apertures,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 35(9), 699–702 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ragulis, P.

G. Šlekas, P. Ragulis, D. Seliuta, and Ž. Kancleris, “Using of generalized Goertzel algorithm for FDTD calculation of the transmission and reflection spectra of periodic structures,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 59(6), 2038–2041 (2017).
[Crossref]

Reiten, M.

Robbins, D. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rockstuhl, C.

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, and W. Zhang, “Strong influence of packing density in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 241108 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “The impact of nearest neighbor interaction on the resonances in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021116 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, “On the reinterpretation of resonances in split-ring-resonators at normal incidence,” Opt. Express 14(19), 8827–8836 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schultz, S.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seliuta, D.

G. Šlekas, P. Ragulis, D. Seliuta, and Ž. Kancleris, “Using of generalized Goertzel algorithm for FDTD calculation of the transmission and reflection spectra of periodic structures,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 59(6), 2038–2041 (2017).
[Crossref]

Selvarasah, S.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. B. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. D. Averitt, M. R. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterials on parylene thin film substrates: Design, fabrication, and characterization at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(1), 011906 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sersic, I.

I. Sersic, M. Frimmer, E. Verhagen, and A. F. Koenderink, “Electric and magnetic dipole coupling in near-infrared split-ring metamaterial arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(21), 213902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shelby, R. A.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shrekenhamer, D.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shrekenhamer, D. B.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. B. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. D. Averitt, M. R. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterials on parylene thin film substrates: Design, fabrication, and characterization at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(1), 011906 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singh, R.

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94(16), 161103 (2016).

N. Xu, R. Singh, and W. Zhang, “High-Q lattice mode matched structural resonances in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(2), 021108 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, J. F. O’Hara, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. K. Azad, “Dynamically reconfigurable terahertz metamaterial through photo-doped semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(23), 231101 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, M. Reiten, J. Zhou, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Tailored resonator coupling for modifying the terahertz metamaterial response,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10679–10685 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, and W. Zhang, “Strong influence of packing density in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 241108 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “The impact of nearest neighbor interaction on the resonances in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021116 (2009).
[Crossref]

Šlekas, G.

G. Šlekas, P. Ragulis, D. Seliuta, and Ž. Kancleris, “Using of generalized Goertzel algorithm for FDTD calculation of the transmission and reflection spectra of periodic structures,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 59(6), 2038–2041 (2017).
[Crossref]

Smirnova, E.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sonkusale, S.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. B. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. D. Averitt, M. R. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterials on parylene thin film substrates: Design, fabrication, and characterization at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(1), 011906 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

Srivastava, Y. K.

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94(16), 161103 (2016).

Stannigel, K.

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strikwerda, A.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Strikwerda, A. C.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tamošiunas, V.

L. Minkevičius, K. Madeikis, B. Voisiat, I. Kašalynas, R. Venckevičius, G. Račiukaitis, V. Tamošiūnas, and G. Valušis, “Focusing performance of terahertz zone plates with integrated cross-shape apertures,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 35(9), 699–702 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tao, H.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. B. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. D. Averitt, M. R. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterials on parylene thin film substrates: Design, fabrication, and characterization at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(1), 011906 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, J. F. O’Hara, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. K. Azad, “Dynamically reconfigurable terahertz metamaterial through photo-doped semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(23), 231101 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, M. Reiten, J. Zhou, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Tailored resonator coupling for modifying the terahertz metamaterial response,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10679–10685 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “Metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tjahjana, L.

L. Y. M. Tobing, L. Tjahjana, D. H. Zhang, Q. Zhang, and Q. Xiong, “Sub-100-nm sized silver split ring resonator metamaterials with fundamental magnetic resonance in the middle visible spectrum,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(3), 280–285 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tobing, L. Y. M.

L. Y. M. Tobing, L. Tjahjana, D. H. Zhang, Q. Zhang, and Q. Xiong, “Sub-100-nm sized silver split ring resonator metamaterials with fundamental magnetic resonance in the middle visible spectrum,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(3), 280–285 (2014).
[Crossref]

Totachawattana, A.

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. B. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. D. Averitt, M. R. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterials on parylene thin film substrates: Design, fabrication, and characterization at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(1), 011906 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valušis, G.

L. Minkevičius, K. Madeikis, B. Voisiat, I. Kašalynas, R. Venckevičius, G. Račiukaitis, V. Tamošiūnas, and G. Valušis, “Focusing performance of terahertz zone plates with integrated cross-shape apertures,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 35(9), 699–702 (2014).
[Crossref]

Venckevicius, R.

L. Minkevičius, K. Madeikis, B. Voisiat, I. Kašalynas, R. Venckevičius, G. Račiukaitis, V. Tamošiūnas, and G. Valušis, “Focusing performance of terahertz zone plates with integrated cross-shape apertures,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 35(9), 699–702 (2014).
[Crossref]

Verhagen, E.

I. Sersic, M. Frimmer, E. Verhagen, and A. F. Koenderink, “Electric and magnetic dipole coupling in near-infrared split-ring metamaterial arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(21), 213902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voisiat, B.

L. Minkevičius, K. Madeikis, B. Voisiat, I. Kašalynas, R. Venckevičius, G. Račiukaitis, V. Tamošiūnas, and G. Valušis, “Focusing performance of terahertz zone plates with integrated cross-shape apertures,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 35(9), 699–702 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wallauer, J.

Walther, M.

Wang, X.

J. He, J. Ye, X. Wang, Q. Kan, and Y. Zhang, “A broadband terahertz ultrathin multi-focus lens,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28800 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wanke, M. C.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Waselikowski, S.

Wegener, M.

Williams, J. D.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Withayachumnankul, W.

W. Withayachumnankul and D. Abbott, “Metamaterials in the terahertz regime,” IEEE Photonics J. 1(2), 99–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wood, R. W.

R. W. Wood, “Anomalous diffraction grating,” Phys. Rev. 48(12), 928–936 (1935).
[Crossref]

Wu, L.

Xiong, Q.

L. Y. M. Tobing, L. Tjahjana, D. H. Zhang, Q. Zhang, and Q. Xiong, “Sub-100-nm sized silver split ring resonator metamaterials with fundamental magnetic resonance in the middle visible spectrum,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(3), 280–285 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, N.

N. Xu, R. Singh, and W. Zhang, “High-Q lattice mode matched structural resonances in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(2), 021108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Ye, J.

J. He, J. Ye, X. Wang, Q. Kan, and Y. Zhang, “A broadband terahertz ultrathin multi-focus lens,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28800 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Youngs, I.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, X.

Zentgraf, T.

Zhang, C.

Zhang, D. H.

L. Y. M. Tobing, L. Tjahjana, D. H. Zhang, Q. Zhang, and Q. Xiong, “Sub-100-nm sized silver split ring resonator metamaterials with fundamental magnetic resonance in the middle visible spectrum,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(3), 280–285 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, Q.

L. Y. M. Tobing, L. Tjahjana, D. H. Zhang, Q. Zhang, and Q. Xiong, “Sub-100-nm sized silver split ring resonator metamaterials with fundamental magnetic resonance in the middle visible spectrum,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(3), 280–285 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

N. Xu, R. Singh, and W. Zhang, “High-Q lattice mode matched structural resonances in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(2), 021108 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, C. Li, C. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Gu, B. Jin, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Experimental study on the transition of plasmonic resonance modes in double-ring dimers by conductive junctions in the terahertz regime,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27415–27422 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, and W. Zhang, “Strong influence of packing density in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 241108 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “The impact of nearest neighbor interaction on the resonances in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021116 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

H. Zhang, C. Li, C. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Gu, B. Jin, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Experimental study on the transition of plasmonic resonance modes in double-ring dimers by conductive junctions in the terahertz regime,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27415–27422 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

J. He, J. Ye, X. Wang, Q. Kan, and Y. Zhang, “A broadband terahertz ultrathin multi-focus lens,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28800 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, M.

Zheng, Y.

Zhou, J.

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

L. Y. M. Tobing, L. Tjahjana, D. H. Zhang, Q. Zhang, and Q. Xiong, “Sub-100-nm sized silver split ring resonator metamaterials with fundamental magnetic resonance in the middle visible spectrum,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(3), 280–285 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (9)

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(15), 2943–2945 (2004).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, S. MacNaughton, D. B. Shrekenhamer, H. Tao, S. Selvarasah, A. Totachawattana, R. D. Averitt, M. R. Dokmeci, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterials on parylene thin film substrates: Design, fabrication, and characterization at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(1), 011906 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, J. F. O’Hara, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and A. K. Azad, “Dynamically reconfigurable terahertz metamaterial through photo-doped semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(23), 231101 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, M. M. Dignam, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Ultra-high Q even eigenmode resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(1), 011102 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. W. Clark, A. Glidle, D. R. S. Cumming, and J. M. Cooper, “Nanophotonic split-ring resonators as dichroics for molecular spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023121 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “The impact of nearest neighbor interaction on the resonances in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021116 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, and W. Zhang, “Strong influence of packing density in terahertz metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 241108 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Xu, R. Singh, and W. Zhang, “High-Q lattice mode matched structural resonances in terahertz metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(2), 021108 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

W. Withayachumnankul and D. Abbott, “Metamaterials in the terahertz regime,” IEEE Photonics J. 1(2), 99–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. (1)

G. Šlekas, P. Ragulis, D. Seliuta, and Ž. Kancleris, “Using of generalized Goertzel algorithm for FDTD calculation of the transmission and reflection spectra of periodic structures,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 59(6), 2038–2041 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves (1)

L. Minkevičius, K. Madeikis, B. Voisiat, I. Kašalynas, R. Venckevičius, G. Račiukaitis, V. Tamošiūnas, and G. Valušis, “Focusing performance of terahertz zone plates with integrated cross-shape apertures,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 35(9), 699–702 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Jung and H. Lee, “Frequency tunable terahertz filter based on dual layered split-ring resonator array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(4S), 04EG01 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “Metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Husnik, M. W. Klein, N. Feth, M. Konig, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Absolute extinction cross-section of individual magnetic split-ring resonators,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 614–617 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic and electric excitations in split ring resonators,” Opt. Express 15(26), 17881–17890 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, “On the reinterpretation of resonances in split-ring-resonators at normal incidence,” Opt. Express 14(19), 8827–8836 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wu, Z. Yang, M. Zhao, Y. Zheng, J. Duan, and X. Yuan, “Polarization-insensitive resonances with high quality-factors in meta-molecule metamaterials,” Opt. Express 22(12), 14588–14593 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bitzer, J. Wallauer, H. Helm, H. Merbold, T. Feurer, and M. Walther, “Lattice modes mediate radiative coupling in metamaterial arrays,” Opt. Express 17(24), 22108–22113 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wallauer, A. Bitzer, S. Waselikowski, and M. Walther, “Near-field signature of electromagnetic coupling in metamaterial arrays: a terahertz microscopy study,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17283–17292 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Chowdhury, R. Singh, M. Reiten, J. Zhou, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Tailored resonator coupling for modifying the terahertz metamaterial response,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10679–10685 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Feth, M. König, M. Husnik, K. Stannigel, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Electromagnetic interaction of split-ring resonators: The role of separation and relative orientation,” Opt. Express 18(7), 6545–6554 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, C. Li, C. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Gu, B. Jin, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Experimental study on the transition of plasmonic resonance modes in double-ring dimers by conductive junctions in the terahertz regime,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27415–27422 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

R. W. Wood, “Anomalous diffraction grating,” Phys. Rev. 48(12), 928–936 (1935).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, and R. Singh, “Lattice-induced transparency in planar metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 94(16), 161103 (2016).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

I. Sersic, M. Frimmer, E. Verhagen, and A. F. Koenderink, “Electric and magnetic dipole coupling in near-infrared split-ring metamaterial arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(21), 213902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (2)

J. He, J. Ye, X. Wang, Q. Kan, and Y. Zhang, “A broadband terahertz ultrathin multi-focus lens,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28800 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
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A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite–Difference Time–Domain Method. (Artech House, 2000).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic sketch of typical arrangement of the structure along with the geometrical parameters of the SRRs. A = 500 μm, W = 50 μm. S1 (U-type): G = 400 μm; S2: G = 150 μm; S3 (C-type): G = 50 μm; S4: G = 50 μm, D = 150 μm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Measured transmission of U-type arrays (a,b,c) and frequency of the resonant modes versus inverse lattice period (d). Dots represent data extracted from the transmission spectra at periods: 600 μm (a), 700 μm (b), 800 μm (c) and 1000 μm (not included). LM denotes the lattice mode, n denotes the plasmon mode order. Dotted lines indicate plasmonic modes calculated according to Eq. (1). Solid straight line indicates the first-order lattice excitation (Eq. (2)).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Measured (solid lines) and calculated (dashed lines) transmission of C-type arrays (a,b,c) and the resonance frequency of the resonant modes versus inverse lattice constant (d). LM denotes the lattice mode, n denotes the order of a plasmon resonance. Open symbols are extracted from the calculated spectra, solid symbols are extracted from the measured spectra. Dotted lines indicate the plasmonic modes calculated according to Eq. (1). Solid straight line indicates the first-order lattice excitation calculated according to Eq. (2).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Q-factor of plasmonic resonances in C-type SRR arrays versus lattice period (a) and transmission of a single C-type SRR (b). Open symbols – values extracted from the measured spectra, solid symbols – values extracted from the calculated spectra, dashed lines are drawn for guidance.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Calculated surface electric field in C-type SRR array at the lattice period 600 μm (a,c,e,g) and simplified view of the currents and induced charges (b,d,f,h) for the plasmon modes: n = 1 (a,b), n = 3 (c,d), n = 5 (e,f) and n = 7 (g,h). Color scale represents the enhancement of electric field amplitude. Current distributions are shown temporally π/2 phase shifted against the charge distributions.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Calculated current distribution of the fifth-order plasmon mode along the arc length of C-type SRR in SRR array. Reference of l is taken at an edge of the split-gap.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured transmission of samples S1-S4 at lattice period 700 μm (a) and measured transmission of sample S3 (b) at lattice period: 1- L = 600 μm, 2 - L = 700 μm, 3 - L = 800 μm.

Equations (2)

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f r = n 2 c n ef P ,n=1,3,5,...
f L = c n ef L ,

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