Abstract

We propose a method to simultaneously detect the multi-piston between segments. The relation between the piston of any two segments and amplitude of the modulation transfer function (MTF) sidelobes (MTFnph) is derived. The piston can be retrieved by this relation after measuring the MTFnph. This method's capture range is the operating light’s coherence length, the accuracy is 0.026λ (λ = 633 nm) RMS. The MTF model of a mask with sparse multi-subaperture configuration is established. The arrangement rules, to avoid the sidelobes overlapping, are obtained. The mask with a sparse 18 sub-aperture configuration is designed, which makes the MTF sidelobes distribution non-redundant.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (1)

2015 (1)

2012 (1)

M. Clampin, “Status of the James Webb Space Telescope observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8442, 84422A (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

2009 (1)

S. Wang, Q. Zhu, and G. Cao, “Cophasing Methods of the Segmented Space Telescope,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29(9), 2428–2434 (2009).

2008 (2)

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio, “The 42m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Nelson and G. H. Sanders, “The status of the Thirty Meter Telescope project,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70121A (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

J. Matt Johns, P. Roger, S. A. Shectman, R. Bernstein, D. G. Fabricant, P. McCarthy, and M. Phillips, “Status of the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) project,” Proc. SPIE 5489, 441–453 (2004).

2003 (2)

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. Shi, D. C. Redding, A. E. Lowman, C. W. Bowers, L. A. Burns, P. Petrone, C. M. Ohara, and S. A. Basinger, “Segmented mirror coarse phasing with a dispersed fringe sensor: experiment on NGST’s wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 318–328 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. M. Rodríguez-Ramos and J. J. Fuensalida, “Phasing of segmented mirrors: a new algorithm for piston detection,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 328(1), 167–173 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1994 (1)

J. E. Nelson and P. R. Gillingham, “Overview of the performance of the W. M. Keck Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 2199, 82–93 (1994).
[Crossref]

Basinger, S. A.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. Shi, D. C. Redding, A. E. Lowman, C. W. Bowers, L. A. Burns, P. Petrone, C. M. Ohara, and S. A. Basinger, “Segmented mirror coarse phasing with a dispersed fringe sensor: experiment on NGST’s wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 318–328 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bernstein, R.

J. Matt Johns, P. Roger, S. A. Shectman, R. Bernstein, D. G. Fabricant, P. McCarthy, and M. Phillips, “Status of the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) project,” Proc. SPIE 5489, 441–453 (2004).

Bolcar, M. R.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Bowers, C. W.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. Shi, D. C. Redding, A. E. Lowman, C. W. Bowers, L. A. Burns, P. Petrone, C. M. Ohara, and S. A. Basinger, “Segmented mirror coarse phasing with a dispersed fringe sensor: experiment on NGST’s wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 318–328 (2003).
[Crossref]

Budinoff, J. G.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Burns, L. A.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. Shi, D. C. Redding, A. E. Lowman, C. W. Bowers, L. A. Burns, P. Petrone, C. M. Ohara, and S. A. Basinger, “Segmented mirror coarse phasing with a dispersed fringe sensor: experiment on NGST’s wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 318–328 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cao, G.

W. Zhao and G. Cao, “Active cophasing and aligning testbed with segmented mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8670–8683 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, Q. Zhu, and G. Cao, “Cophasing Methods of the Segmented Space Telescope,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29(9), 2428–2434 (2009).

Chanan, G.

Chu, A.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Clampin, M.

M. Clampin, “Status of the James Webb Space Telescope observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8442, 84422A (2012).
[Crossref]

Clampin, M. C.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Cohen, D.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Davila, P. S.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dean, B. H.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dekens, F.

Dogota, P.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ebbets, D. C.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Esposito, S.

Fabricant, D. G.

J. Matt Johns, P. Roger, S. A. Shectman, R. Bernstein, D. G. Fabricant, P. McCarthy, and M. Phillips, “Status of the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) project,” Proc. SPIE 5489, 441–453 (2004).

Feinberg, L. D.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Fitzmaurice, M. W.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fuensalida, J. J.

J. M. Rodríguez-Ramos and J. J. Fuensalida, “Phasing of segmented mirrors: a new algorithm for piston detection,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 328(1), 167–173 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gillingham, P. R.

J. E. Nelson and P. R. Gillingham, “Overview of the performance of the W. M. Keck Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 2199, 82–93 (1994).
[Crossref]

Gilmozzi, R.

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio, “The 42m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Green, J. J.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gull, T. R.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Ha, K.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hayden, W. L.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Howard, J. M.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Hyde, T. T.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Jiang, J.

Jones, A. L.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Kirkman, D.

Lindler, D. J.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lowman, A. E.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. Shi, D. C. Redding, A. E. Lowman, C. W. Bowers, L. A. Burns, P. Petrone, C. M. Ohara, and S. A. Basinger, “Segmented mirror coarse phasing with a dispersed fringe sensor: experiment on NGST’s wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 318–328 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lyon, R. G.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Mast, T.

Matt Johns, J.

J. Matt Johns, P. Roger, S. A. Shectman, R. Bernstein, D. G. Fabricant, P. McCarthy, and M. Phillips, “Status of the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) project,” Proc. SPIE 5489, 441–453 (2004).

McCarthy, P.

J. Matt Johns, P. Roger, S. A. Shectman, R. Bernstein, D. G. Fabricant, P. McCarthy, and M. Phillips, “Status of the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) project,” Proc. SPIE 5489, 441–453 (2004).

Michaels, S.

Nelson, J.

Nelson, J. E.

J. E. Nelson and P. R. Gillingham, “Overview of the performance of the W. M. Keck Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 2199, 82–93 (1994).
[Crossref]

Oegerle, W. R.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Ohara, C.

Ohara, C. M.

F. Shi, D. C. Redding, A. E. Lowman, C. W. Bowers, L. A. Burns, P. Petrone, C. M. Ohara, and S. A. Basinger, “Segmented mirror coarse phasing with a dispersed fringe sensor: experiment on NGST’s wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 318–328 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pasquale, B. A.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Perrygo, C.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Petrone, P.

F. Shi, D. C. Redding, A. E. Lowman, C. W. Bowers, L. A. Burns, P. Petrone, C. M. Ohara, and S. A. Basinger, “Segmented mirror coarse phasing with a dispersed fringe sensor: experiment on NGST’s wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 318–328 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phillips, M.

J. Matt Johns, P. Roger, S. A. Shectman, R. Bernstein, D. G. Fabricant, P. McCarthy, and M. Phillips, “Status of the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) project,” Proc. SPIE 5489, 441–453 (2004).

Pinna, E.

Postman, M.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Puglisi, A.

Purves, L. R.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Redding, D. C.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. Shi, D. C. Redding, A. E. Lowman, C. W. Bowers, L. A. Burns, P. Petrone, C. M. Ohara, and S. A. Basinger, “Segmented mirror coarse phasing with a dispersed fringe sensor: experiment on NGST’s wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 318–328 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rodríguez-Ramos, J. M.

J. M. Rodríguez-Ramos and J. J. Fuensalida, “Phasing of segmented mirrors: a new algorithm for piston detection,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 328(1), 167–173 (2001).
[Crossref]

Roger, P.

J. Matt Johns, P. Roger, S. A. Shectman, R. Bernstein, D. G. Fabricant, P. McCarthy, and M. Phillips, “Status of the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) project,” Proc. SPIE 5489, 441–453 (2004).

Sanders, G. H.

J. Nelson and G. H. Sanders, “The status of the Thirty Meter Telescope project,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70121A (2008).
[Crossref]

Shectman, S. A.

J. Matt Johns, P. Roger, S. A. Shectman, R. Bernstein, D. G. Fabricant, P. McCarthy, and M. Phillips, “Status of the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) project,” Proc. SPIE 5489, 441–453 (2004).

Shi, F.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. Shi, D. C. Redding, A. E. Lowman, C. W. Bowers, L. A. Burns, P. Petrone, C. M. Ohara, and S. A. Basinger, “Segmented mirror coarse phasing with a dispersed fringe sensor: experiment on NGST’s wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 318–328 (2003).
[Crossref]

Simar, J. F.

Sirko, E.

Smith, J. S.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Spyromilio, J.

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio, “The 42m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stefanini, P.

Stockman, Y.

Surdej, J.

Thompson, P. L.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Thronson, H. A.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Townsend, J. A.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Tozzi, A.

Troy, M.

Wang, S.

S. Wang, Q. Zhu, and G. Cao, “Cophasing Methods of the Segmented Space Telescope,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29(9), 2428–2434 (2009).

Wilson, M. E.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Woodgate, B. E.

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

Zhao, W.

Zhu, Q.

S. Wang, Q. Zhu, and G. Cao, “Cophasing Methods of the Segmented Space Telescope,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29(9), 2428–2434 (2009).

Zukowski, B. J.

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Acta Opt. Sin. (1)

S. Wang, Q. Zhu, and G. Cao, “Cophasing Methods of the Segmented Space Telescope,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29(9), 2428–2434 (2009).

Appl. Opt. (4)

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

J. M. Rodríguez-Ramos and J. J. Fuensalida, “Phasing of segmented mirrors: a new algorithm for piston detection,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 328(1), 167–173 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (8)

F. Shi, D. C. Redding, A. E. Lowman, C. W. Bowers, L. A. Burns, P. Petrone, C. M. Ohara, and S. A. Basinger, “Segmented mirror coarse phasing with a dispersed fringe sensor: experiment on NGST’s wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 318–328 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. E. Nelson and P. R. Gillingham, “Overview of the performance of the W. M. Keck Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 2199, 82–93 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Matt Johns, P. Roger, S. A. Shectman, R. Bernstein, D. G. Fabricant, P. McCarthy, and M. Phillips, “Status of the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) project,” Proc. SPIE 5489, 441–453 (2004).

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio, “The 42m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Nelson and G. H. Sanders, “The status of the Thirty Meter Telescope project,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70121A (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Clampin, “Status of the James Webb Space Telescope observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8442, 84422A (2012).
[Crossref]

W. R. Oegerle, L. D. Feinberg, L. R. Purves, T. T. Hyde, H. A. Thronson, J. A. Townsend, M. Postman, M. R. Bolcar, J. G. Budinoff, B. H. Dean, M. C. Clampin, D. C. Ebbets, Q. Gong, T. R. Gull, J. M. Howard, A. L. Jones, R. G. Lyon, B. A. Pasquale, C. Perrygo, J. S. Smith, P. L. Thompson, and B. E. Woodgate, “ATLAST-9.2m: a large-aperture deployable space telescope,” Proc. SPIE 7731(2), 52–56 (2010).

P. Petrone, S. A. Basinger, L. A. Burns, C. W. Bowers, A. Chu, D. Cohen, P. S. Davila, B. H. Dean, P. Dogota, M. W. Fitzmaurice, J. J. Green, K. Ha, W. L. Hayden, D. J. Lindler, A. E. Lowman, C. M. Ohara, M. E. Wilson, D. C. Redding, F. Shi, and B. J. Zukowski, “Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed,” Proc. SPIE 4850, 353–361 (2003).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

“GMT website,” http://www.gmto.org/ .

“GTC website,” http://www.gtc.iac.es/ .

A. Wirth, “Dispersed Hartmann Sensor and method for mirror segment alignment and phasing,” https://www.google.com/patents/US6649895 , US Patent 6,649,895 (2003).

G. A. Chanan, T. S. Mast, and J. E. Nelson, “Keck telescope primary mirror segments: initial alignment and active control,” in Proceedings of European Southern Observatory Conference on Very Large Telescopes and their Instrumentation, M.-H. Ulrich, ed. (Garching, Germany, 1988), pp. 421–428.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Telescope segments (hexagons) and sparse sub-apertures (circles)
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Four circular clear sub-apertures and corresponding MTF distribution. (a) arragement of sub-apertures. (b) MTF distribution.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Arragement of sub-apertures and corresponding MTF distribution in one baseline. (a) Arragement of sub-apertures. (b) MTF distribution.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Arragement of sub-apertures and corresponding MTF distribution on the parallelbaselines. (a) Arragement of sub-apertures. (b) MTF distribution.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Arragement of sub-apertures and corresponding MTF distribution on the differentbaselines. (a) Arragement of sub-apertures. (b) MTF distribution
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The influence of sidelobe overlap on sidelobe amplitude. (a) b=2 R f . (b) R f <b<2 R f . (c) b= R f . (d) 0<b< R f . (e) b=0. (The green line and blue line express two MTF sidelobes respectively, the red line expresses the synthesis MTF sidelobe after the two lobes overlapping.)
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The mask with a sparse 18 circular clear sub-apertures configuration
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The distribution of the MTF sidelobes

Equations (9)

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MTF( f x , f y )=2MT F sub ( f x , f y )+[ MT F sub ( f x +B/ λf , f y )+MT F sub ( f x B/ λf , f y ) ],
MT F sub ( f x , f y )={ 2 π [ arccos( λf D ρ )( λf D ρ ) 1 ( λf D ρ ) 2 ] ρ D λf 0 ρ> D λf ,
MT F nph = 1 n n+2[ j=1 n1 t=j n1 cos( 2π λ j p 2π λ t+1 p ) ] ,
G N ( x 0 , y 0 )=A( x 0 , y 0 )circ( x 0 2 + y 0 2 D 2 ) m=1 N δ( x 0 x m , y 0 y m ) ,
A( x 0 , y 0 )={ 1 in the sub-aperture 0 out of the sub-aperture .
PS F N ( x,y )= | FT[ G N ( x 0 , y 0 ) ] | 2 = ( π D 2 2λf ) 2 ( J 1 ( πrD λf ) πrD λf ) 2 { m=1 N exp[ i 2π λf ( x x m +y y m ) ] } 2 =PS F sub ( x,y ){ N+2 a=1 N1 b=a+1 N cos[ 2πx λf ( x a x b )+ 2πy λf ( y a y b ) ] },
PS F sub ( x,y )= ( π D 2 2λf ) 2 ( J 1 ( πrD λf ) πrD λf ) 2 .
MT F N ( f x , f y )=| FT[ PS F N ( x,y ) ] | =NMT F sub ( f x , f y )+MT F sub ( f x , f y ) a=1 N1 b=a+1 N δ( f x ± x a x b λf , f y ± y a y b λf ) .
R f = D 2λf .

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