Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate spatial mode multiplexing of optical beams using multiplexed volume holographic gratings (MVGHs) formed in phenanthrenquinone-poly (methyl methacrylate) (PQ-PMMA) photopolymer. Multiple spatial modes of Laguerre-Gaussian (LG) beams are recorded at the same pupil area of a volume hologram resulting in MVHGs, for simultaneous reconstruction of spatial modes. In addition, a helical phase beam, a non-diffracting beam with conical phase profile, and a parabolic non-diffracting beam with cubic phase profile have also been simultaneously recorded and reconstructed from MVHGs. Utilizing Bragg wavelength degeneracy property of volume hologram these multiplexed modes are reconstructed at multiple wavelengths ranging from blue (450nm) to red (635). Due to combined effect of three-dimensional pupil, Bragg wavelength degeneracy, angular selectivity, together with spatial mode properties these, MVHGs can act as spatial mode filter with spectral filtering property. Advantages of volume holography in beam shaping are discussed. Multiple first diffraction orders with desired beam shapes obtained from the single optical element (i.e. a volume hologram with MVHGs) may find important applications in optical communication experiments, and in volume holographic imaging and microscopy. Experimental results show solid evidence that MVGHs in beam shaping provide a simple, compact, single element, and direct way to multiplex spatial modes.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (2)

2016 (5)

2015 (2)

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. H. Chen, S. B. Oh, X. Zhai, J. C. Tsai, L. C. Cao, G. Barbastathis, and Y. Luo, “Wigner analysis of three dimensional pupil with finite lateral aperture,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4046–4054 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

Y. Luo, V. R. Singh, D. Bhattacharya, E. Y. S. Yew, J. C. Tsai, S. L. Yu, H. H. Chen, J. M. Wong, P. Matsudaira, P. T. C. So, and G. Barbastathis, “Talbot holographic illumination nonscanning (THIN) fluorescence microscopy,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L71–L75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Choi, K. Hong, K. Y. Kim, K. Lee, I. M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Holographic reconstruction of finite Airy Beams with self-healed and multiplexed features,” J. Opt. Soc. K. 18(6), 793–798 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

A. Ya. Bekshaev, S. V. Sviridova, A. Yu. Popov, and A. V. Tyurin, “Generation of optical vortex light beams by volume holograms with embedded phase singularity,” Opt. Commun. 285(20), 4005–4014 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

2010 (3)

2008 (4)

2007 (1)

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, “Observation of accelerating Airy beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(21), 213901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

A. Sinha and G. Barbastathis, “Imaging using volume holograms,” Opt. Eng. 43(9), 1959–1972 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

1992 (1)

1981 (1)

Ahmed, N.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Arif, M.

Ashrafi, N.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ashrafi, S.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bao, C.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Barbastathis, G.

H. H. Chen, S. B. Oh, X. Zhai, J. C. Tsai, L. C. Cao, G. Barbastathis, and Y. Luo, “Wigner analysis of three dimensional pupil with finite lateral aperture,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4046–4054 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, V. R. Singh, D. Bhattacharya, E. Y. S. Yew, J. C. Tsai, S. L. Yu, H. H. Chen, J. M. Wong, P. Matsudaira, P. T. C. So, and G. Barbastathis, “Talbot holographic illumination nonscanning (THIN) fluorescence microscopy,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L71–L75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, I. K. Zervantonakis, S. Oh, R. D. Kamm, and G. Barbastathis, “Spectrally resolved multidepth fluorescence imaging,” J. Bio. Opt. 16, 096015 (2011).

Y. Luo, J. Castro, J. K. Barton, R. K. Kostuk, and G. Barbastathis, “Simulations and experiments of aperiodic and multiplexed gratings in volume holographic imaging systems,” Opt. Express 18(18), 19273–19285 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, P. J. Gelsinger, J. K. Barton, G. Barbastathis, and R. K. Kostuk, “Optimization of multiplexed holographic gratings in PQ-PMMA for spectral-spatial imaging filters,” Opt. Lett. 33(6), 566–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Wissmann, S. B. Oh, and G. Barbastathis, “Simulation and optimization of volume holographic imaging systems in Zemax,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7516–7524 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, P. J. Gelsinger-Austin, J. M. Watson, G. Barbastathis, J. K. Barton, and R. K. Kostuk, “Laser-induced fluorescence imaging of subsurface tissue structures with a volume holographic spatial-spectral imaging system,” Opt. Lett. 33(18), 2098–2100 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Sinha and G. Barbastathis, “Imaging using volume holograms,” Opt. Eng. 43(9), 1959–1972 (2004).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, D. Psaltis, and G. Barbastathis, “Real-time spectral imaging in three spatial dimensions,” Opt. Lett. 27(10), 854–856 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barton, J. K.

Bekshaev, A. Ya.

A. Ya. Bekshaev, S. V. Sviridova, A. Yu. Popov, and A. V. Tyurin, “Generation of optical vortex light beams by volume holograms with embedded phase singularity,” Opt. Commun. 285(20), 4005–4014 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ben Salem, A.

A. Trichili, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Dudley, B. Ndagano, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, and A. Forbes, “Optical communication beyond orbital angular momentum,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27674 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhattacharya, D.

Y. Luo, V. R. Singh, D. Bhattacharya, E. Y. S. Yew, J. C. Tsai, S. L. Yu, H. H. Chen, J. M. Wong, P. Matsudaira, P. T. C. So, and G. Barbastathis, “Talbot holographic illumination nonscanning (THIN) fluorescence microscopy,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L71–L75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bogan, C.

Broky, J.

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, “Observation of accelerating Airy beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(21), 213901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, L. C.

Cao, Y.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Castro, J.

Castro, J. M.

Chen, H. H.

H. H. Chen, S. B. Oh, X. Zhai, J. C. Tsai, L. C. Cao, G. Barbastathis, and Y. Luo, “Wigner analysis of three dimensional pupil with finite lateral aperture,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4046–4054 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, V. R. Singh, D. Bhattacharya, E. Y. S. Yew, J. C. Tsai, S. L. Yu, H. H. Chen, J. M. Wong, P. Matsudaira, P. T. C. So, and G. Barbastathis, “Talbot holographic illumination nonscanning (THIN) fluorescence microscopy,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L71–L75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, D.

D. Choi, K. Hong, K. Y. Kim, K. Lee, I. M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Holographic reconstruction of finite Airy Beams with self-healed and multiplexed features,” J. Opt. Soc. K. 18(6), 793–798 (2014).
[Crossref]

Christodoulides, D. N.

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, “Observation of accelerating Airy beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(21), 213901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clark, C. W.

Cory, D. G.

Dogariu, A.

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, “Observation of accelerating Airy beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(21), 213901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dudley, A.

A. Forbes, A. Dudley, and M. McLaren, “Creation and detection of optical modes with spatial light modulators,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(2), 200–227 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Trichili, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Dudley, B. Ndagano, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, and A. Forbes, “Optical communication beyond orbital angular momentum,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27674 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fazal, I. M.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fink, H. W.

Forbes, A.

A. Trichili, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Dudley, B. Ndagano, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, and A. Forbes, “Optical communication beyond orbital angular momentum,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27674 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Forbes, A. Dudley, and M. McLaren, “Creation and detection of optical modes with spatial light modulators,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(2), 200–227 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gaylord, T. K.

Gelsinger, P. J.

Gelsinger-Austin, P. J.

Ghai, D. P.

D. P. Ghai, S. Vyas, P. Senthilkumaran, and R. S. Sirohi, “Detection of phase singularity using a lateral shear interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(6), 419–423 (2008).
[Crossref]

Heacock, B.

Heckenberg, N. R.

Hong, K.

D. Choi, K. Hong, K. Y. Kim, K. Lee, I. M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Holographic reconstruction of finite Airy Beams with self-healed and multiplexed features,” J. Opt. Soc. K. 18(6), 793–798 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huber, M. G.

Ito, A.

Kamm, R. D.

Y. Luo, I. K. Zervantonakis, S. Oh, R. D. Kamm, and G. Barbastathis, “Spectrally resolved multidepth fluorescence imaging,” J. Bio. Opt. 16, 096015 (2011).

Kim, K. Y.

D. Choi, K. Hong, K. Y. Kim, K. Lee, I. M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Holographic reconstruction of finite Airy Beams with self-healed and multiplexed features,” J. Opt. Soc. K. 18(6), 793–798 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kostuk, R. K.

Kozawa, Y.

Latychevskaia, T.

Lavery, M. P. J.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

D. Choi, K. Hong, K. Y. Kim, K. Lee, I. M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Holographic reconstruction of finite Airy Beams with self-healed and multiplexed features,” J. Opt. Soc. K. 18(6), 793–798 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, I. M.

D. Choi, K. Hong, K. Y. Kim, K. Lee, I. M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Holographic reconstruction of finite Airy Beams with self-healed and multiplexed features,” J. Opt. Soc. K. 18(6), 793–798 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.

D. Choi, K. Hong, K. Y. Kim, K. Lee, I. M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Holographic reconstruction of finite Airy Beams with self-healed and multiplexed features,” J. Opt. Soc. K. 18(6), 793–798 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liñares, J.

Liu, W.

Luo, Y.

Matsudaira, P.

Y. Luo, V. R. Singh, D. Bhattacharya, E. Y. S. Yew, J. C. Tsai, S. L. Yu, H. H. Chen, J. M. Wong, P. Matsudaira, P. T. C. So, and G. Barbastathis, “Talbot holographic illumination nonscanning (THIN) fluorescence microscopy,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L71–L75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McDuff, R.

McLaren, M.

A. Forbes, A. Dudley, and M. McLaren, “Creation and detection of optical modes with spatial light modulators,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(2), 200–227 (2016).
[Crossref]

Miller, B. E.

Moharam, M. G.

Molisch, A. F.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Montero-Orille, C.

Moreno, V.

Ndagano, B.

A. Trichili, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Dudley, B. Ndagano, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, and A. Forbes, “Optical communication beyond orbital angular momentum,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27674 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Noack, A.

Oh, S.

Y. Luo, I. K. Zervantonakis, S. Oh, R. D. Kamm, and G. Barbastathis, “Spectrally resolved multidepth fluorescence imaging,” J. Bio. Opt. 16, 096015 (2011).

Oh, S. B.

Popov, A. Yu.

A. Ya. Bekshaev, S. V. Sviridova, A. Yu. Popov, and A. V. Tyurin, “Generation of optical vortex light beams by volume holograms with embedded phase singularity,” Opt. Commun. 285(20), 4005–4014 (2012).
[Crossref]

Prieto-Blanco, X.

Psaltis, D.

Pushin, D. A.

Ramachandran, S.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ren, Y.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rosales-Guzmán, C.

A. Trichili, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Dudley, B. Ndagano, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, and A. Forbes, “Optical communication beyond orbital angular momentum,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27674 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sarenac, D.

Sato, S.

Schachtler, D.

Schattschneider, P.

J. Verbeeck, H. Tian, and P. Schattschneider, “Production and application of electron vortex beams,” Nature 467(7313), 301–304 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senthilkumaran, P.

D. P. Ghai, S. Vyas, P. Senthilkumaran, and R. S. Sirohi, “Detection of phase singularity using a lateral shear interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(6), 419–423 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shahi, C. B.

Singh, V. R.

Y. Luo, V. R. Singh, D. Bhattacharya, E. Y. S. Yew, J. C. Tsai, S. L. Yu, H. H. Chen, J. M. Wong, P. Matsudaira, P. T. C. So, and G. Barbastathis, “Talbot holographic illumination nonscanning (THIN) fluorescence microscopy,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L71–L75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sinha, A.

A. Sinha and G. Barbastathis, “Imaging using volume holograms,” Opt. Eng. 43(9), 1959–1972 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sirohi, R. S.

D. P. Ghai, S. Vyas, P. Senthilkumaran, and R. S. Sirohi, “Detection of phase singularity using a lateral shear interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(6), 419–423 (2008).
[Crossref]

Siviloglou, G. A.

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, “Observation of accelerating Airy beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(21), 213901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, C. P.

So, P. T. C.

Y. Luo, V. R. Singh, D. Bhattacharya, E. Y. S. Yew, J. C. Tsai, S. L. Yu, H. H. Chen, J. M. Wong, P. Matsudaira, P. T. C. So, and G. Barbastathis, “Talbot holographic illumination nonscanning (THIN) fluorescence microscopy,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L71–L75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sviridova, S. V.

A. Ya. Bekshaev, S. V. Sviridova, A. Yu. Popov, and A. V. Tyurin, “Generation of optical vortex light beams by volume holograms with embedded phase singularity,” Opt. Commun. 285(20), 4005–4014 (2012).
[Crossref]

Takashima, Y.

Tian, H.

J. Verbeeck, H. Tian, and P. Schattschneider, “Production and application of electron vortex beams,” Nature 467(7313), 301–304 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trichili, A.

A. Trichili, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Dudley, B. Ndagano, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, and A. Forbes, “Optical communication beyond orbital angular momentum,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27674 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, J. C.

H. H. Chen, S. B. Oh, X. Zhai, J. C. Tsai, L. C. Cao, G. Barbastathis, and Y. Luo, “Wigner analysis of three dimensional pupil with finite lateral aperture,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4046–4054 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, V. R. Singh, D. Bhattacharya, E. Y. S. Yew, J. C. Tsai, S. L. Yu, H. H. Chen, J. M. Wong, P. Matsudaira, P. T. C. So, and G. Barbastathis, “Talbot holographic illumination nonscanning (THIN) fluorescence microscopy,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L71–L75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tur, M.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tyurin, A. V.

A. Ya. Bekshaev, S. V. Sviridova, A. Yu. Popov, and A. V. Tyurin, “Generation of optical vortex light beams by volume holograms with embedded phase singularity,” Opt. Commun. 285(20), 4005–4014 (2012).
[Crossref]

Verbeeck, J.

J. Verbeeck, H. Tian, and P. Schattschneider, “Production and application of electron vortex beams,” Nature 467(7313), 301–304 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vyas, S.

S. Vyas, Y. Kozawa, and S. Sato, “Self-healing of tightly focused scalar and vector Bessel-Gauss beams at the focal plane,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28(5), 837–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. Ghai, S. Vyas, P. Senthilkumaran, and R. S. Sirohi, “Detection of phase singularity using a lateral shear interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(6), 419–423 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Watson, J. M.

White, A. G.

Willke, B.

Willner, A. E.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wissmann, P.

Wong, J. M.

Y. Luo, V. R. Singh, D. Bhattacharya, E. Y. S. Yew, J. C. Tsai, S. L. Yu, H. H. Chen, J. M. Wong, P. Matsudaira, P. T. C. So, and G. Barbastathis, “Talbot holographic illumination nonscanning (THIN) fluorescence microscopy,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L71–L75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, G.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.-Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yew, E. Y. S.

Y. Luo, V. R. Singh, D. Bhattacharya, E. Y. S. Yew, J. C. Tsai, S. L. Yu, H. H. Chen, J. M. Wong, P. Matsudaira, P. T. C. So, and G. Barbastathis, “Talbot holographic illumination nonscanning (THIN) fluorescence microscopy,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L71–L75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, S. L.

Y. Luo, V. R. Singh, D. Bhattacharya, E. Y. S. Yew, J. C. Tsai, S. L. Yu, H. H. Chen, J. M. Wong, P. Matsudaira, P. T. C. So, and G. Barbastathis, “Talbot holographic illumination nonscanning (THIN) fluorescence microscopy,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L71–L75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zervantonakis, I. K.

Y. Luo, I. K. Zervantonakis, S. Oh, R. D. Kamm, and G. Barbastathis, “Spectrally resolved multidepth fluorescence imaging,” J. Bio. Opt. 16, 096015 (2011).

Zghal, M.

A. Trichili, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Dudley, B. Ndagano, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, and A. Forbes, “Optical communication beyond orbital angular momentum,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27674 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhai, X.

Zhao, Z.

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (2)

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Forbes, A. Dudley, and M. McLaren, “Creation and detection of optical modes with spatial light modulators,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8(2), 200–227 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Bio. Opt. (1)

Y. Luo, I. K. Zervantonakis, S. Oh, R. D. Kamm, and G. Barbastathis, “Spectrally resolved multidepth fluorescence imaging,” J. Bio. Opt. 16, 096015 (2011).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Opt. Soc. K. (1)

D. Choi, K. Hong, K. Y. Kim, K. Lee, I. M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Holographic reconstruction of finite Airy Beams with self-healed and multiplexed features,” J. Opt. Soc. K. 18(6), 793–798 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

Y. Luo, V. R. Singh, D. Bhattacharya, E. Y. S. Yew, J. C. Tsai, S. L. Yu, H. H. Chen, J. M. Wong, P. Matsudaira, P. T. C. So, and G. Barbastathis, “Talbot holographic illumination nonscanning (THIN) fluorescence microscopy,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L71–L75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

J. Verbeeck, H. Tian, and P. Schattschneider, “Production and application of electron vortex beams,” Nature 467(7313), 301–304 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Ya. Bekshaev, S. V. Sviridova, A. Yu. Popov, and A. V. Tyurin, “Generation of optical vortex light beams by volume holograms with embedded phase singularity,” Opt. Commun. 285(20), 4005–4014 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. Sinha and G. Barbastathis, “Imaging using volume holograms,” Opt. Eng. 43(9), 1959–1972 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

D. P. Ghai, S. Vyas, P. Senthilkumaran, and R. S. Sirohi, “Detection of phase singularity using a lateral shear interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(6), 419–423 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, “Observation of accelerating Airy beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(21), 213901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

A. Trichili, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Dudley, B. Ndagano, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, and A. Forbes, “Optical communication beyond orbital angular momentum,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27674 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (4)

J. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 3rd ed. (Roberts and Company, Englewood 2005).

H. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. T. Sincerbox, Holographic Data Storage (Springer-Verlag, 2000), pp. 21–62.

M. Padgett, L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, Optical Angular Momentum (Bristol, Institute of Physics Publ. 2003).

L. Andrews, Structured Light and its Applications: Introduction to Phase-Structured Beams and Nanoscale Optical Forces (Academic, 2011).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Simulation results for three spatial modes LG01, Bessel J1, and Airy (a) Intensity profile, (b) phase profile, (c) phase mask.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for recording angular MVHGs in a volume hologram. M1-M7 present mirrors, M2&M3 are flip mirror, NDF is neutral density filter, A stands for an aperture, and L1-L2 are optical lenses.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic diagram of spatial mode reconstruction from MVHGs. The diffraction angle for three LG modes are θ1 = 45°, θ2 = 66°, and θ3 = 76°, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Three different reconstructed Laguerre-Gaussian beam intensity profiles from MVHGs: (a) LG01 mode, (b) LG02 mode, (c) LG03 mode, using a Gaussian beam with identical Ar + laser wavelength used for recording MVHGs (λ = 488nm).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Shearograms of the LG modes obtained from a lateral shearing interferometer (a) LG01 mode, (b) LG02 mode, (c) LG03 mode obtained from MVHGs.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Beam intensity profiles of three different spatial LG01-03 modes obtained from three angular multiplexed holograms illuminating using a Gaussian beam with three different laser diodes, (a) red diode laser (λ = 635 nm), (b) green diode laser (λ = 532 nm), and (c) blue diode laser (λ = 450 nm).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Beam intensity profiles of three different spatial Laguerre-Gaussian modes obtained from MVHGs simultaneously (a) LG01 beam, (b) J0 Bessel-Gauss beam, (c) Airy-Gaussian beam. Hologram was reconstructed with the identical Ar + laser (λ = 488nm) used for recording of MVHGs.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Beam intensity profiles of three different spatial modes (LG01, Bessel J0, and Airy) obtained from three angular multiplexed holograms by illuminating with different diode lasers: (a) red diode laser (λ = 635 nm), (b) green diode laser (λ = 532 nm), and (c) blue diode laser (λ = 450 nm).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Angular selectivity curve for three angularly MVHGs. Reconstruction of H1-H3 MVHG for LG 01-03 mode using a Gaussian beam obtained from Ar + laser (λ = 488nm). The FWHM for holograms (H1-H3), ∆Ѳ = 0.1o for H1, H2 and for ∆Ѳ = 0.15o for H3, respectively.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E LG ( r,φ,z )= E 0 ω 0 ω(z) [ 2 r ω( z ) ] | l | × L p | l | [ 2 r 2 ω 2 ( z ) ]exp[ r 2 ω 2 ( z ) ]×exp{ ik r 2 2R( z ) +ikzi[ 2p+| l |+1 ]η( z ) }exp( ilφ )
E BG ( r,φ,z )= E 0 ω 0 ω(z) i n exp[ ikziη(z) ]×exp{ r 2 [ 1 ω (z) 2 ik 2R(z) ] }×Q(z)× J n ( u )×exp(inφ)
φ( ξ,s )=Ai(s (ξ/2) 2 +iaξ)exp( asi( a ξ 2 2 )i( ξ 3 12 )+i( a 2 ξ 2 )+i( sξ 2 ) )

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