Abstract

We demonstrate an efficient and inherently ultra-low noise frequency conversion via a parametric sum frequency generation. Due to the wide separation between the input and pump frequencies and the low pump frequency relative to the input photons, the upconversion results in only ≈100 background photons per hour. To measure such a low rate, we introduced a dark count reduction algorithm for an optical transition edge sensor.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
  24. J.-T. Gomes, L. Delage, R. Baudoin, L. Grossard, L. Bouyeron, D. Ceus, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of spatial-coherence analysis of a black-body through an up-conversion interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 143904 (2014).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (1)

J.-T. Gomes, L. Delage, R. Baudoin, L. Grossard, L. Bouyeron, D. Ceus, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of spatial-coherence analysis of a black-body through an up-conversion interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 143904 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (6)

D. Ceus, L. Delage, L. Grossard, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Contrast and phase closure acquisitions in photon counting regime using a frequency upconversion interferometer for high angular resolution imaging,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 430, 1529–1537 (2013).
[Crossref]

J.-T. Gomes, L. Grossard, D. Ceus, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Demonstration of a frequency spectral compression effect through an up-conversion interferometer,” Opt. Express 21, 3073–3082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. S. Kuo, J. S. Pelc, O. Slattery, Y.-S. Kim, M. M. Fejer, and X. Tang, “Reducing noise in single-photon-level frequency conversion,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1310 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. D. Illingworth, D. Magee, P. A. Oesch, R. J. Bouwens, I. Labbé, M. Stiavelli, P. G. van Dokkum, M. Franx, M. Trenti, C. M. Carollo, and V. Gonzalez, “The hst extreme deep field (xdf): Combining all acs and wfc3/ir data on the hudf region into the deepest field ever,” The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 209, 6 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Observation of two output light pulses from a partial wavelength converter preserving phase of an input light at a single-photon level,” Opt. Express 21, 27865–27872 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, and N. Imoto, “Nonclassical two-photon interference between independent telecommunication light pulses converted by difference-frequency generation,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 042317 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W.-M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 147404 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. B. Gao, P. Fallahi, E. Togan, J. Miguel-Sanchez, and A. Imamoglu, “Observation of entanglement between a quantum dot spin and a single photon,” Nature 491, 426–430 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ates, I. Agha, A. Gulinatti, I. Rech, M. T. Rakher, A. Badolato, and K. Srinivasan, “Two-photon interference using background-free quantum frequency conversion of single photons emitted by an InAs quantum dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 147405 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

J. S. Pelc, L. Ma, C. R. Phillips, Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Long-wavelength-pumped upconversion single-photon detector at 1550 nm: performance and noise analysis,” Opt. Express 19, 21445 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat. Commun. 2, 1544 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Polyakov, A. Migdall, and S. W. Nam, “Real-time data-acquisition platform for pulsed measurements,” AIP Conference Proceedings-American Institute of Physics 1327, 505–519 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

H. Takesue, “Single-photon frequency down-conversion experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 013833 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2004 (2)

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, “High efficiency single photon detection via frequency up-conversion,” Journal of Modern Optics 51, 1433–1445 (2004).
[Crossref]

B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. I. Cirac, J. Fiurasek, and E. S. Polzik, “Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light,” Nature 432, 482–486 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

N. P. Fox, “Trap detectors and their properties,” Metrologia 28, 197 (1991).
[Crossref]

Abe, E.

K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Agha, I.

S. Ates, I. Agha, A. Gulinatti, I. Rech, M. T. Rakher, A. Badolato, and K. Srinivasan, “Two-photon interference using background-free quantum frequency conversion of single photons emitted by an InAs quantum dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 147405 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Albrecht, R.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W.-M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 147404 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arend, C.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W.-M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 147404 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ates, S.

S. Ates, I. Agha, A. Gulinatti, I. Rech, M. T. Rakher, A. Badolato, and K. Srinivasan, “Two-photon interference using background-free quantum frequency conversion of single photons emitted by an InAs quantum dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 147405 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Badolato, A.

S. Ates, I. Agha, A. Gulinatti, I. Rech, M. T. Rakher, A. Badolato, and K. Srinivasan, “Two-photon interference using background-free quantum frequency conversion of single photons emitted by an InAs quantum dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 147405 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baudoin, R.

J.-T. Gomes, L. Delage, R. Baudoin, L. Grossard, L. Bouyeron, D. Ceus, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of spatial-coherence analysis of a black-body through an up-conversion interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 143904 (2014).
[Crossref]

Becher, C.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W.-M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 147404 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blatt, R.

R. Blatt and D. Wineland, “Entangled states of trapped atomic ions,” Nature 453, 1008–1015 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bouwens, R. J.

G. D. Illingworth, D. Magee, P. A. Oesch, R. J. Bouwens, I. Labbé, M. Stiavelli, P. G. van Dokkum, M. Franx, M. Trenti, C. M. Carollo, and V. Gonzalez, “The hst extreme deep field (xdf): Combining all acs and wfc3/ir data on the hudf region into the deepest field ever,” The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 209, 6 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bouyeron, L.

J.-T. Gomes, L. Delage, R. Baudoin, L. Grossard, L. Bouyeron, D. Ceus, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of spatial-coherence analysis of a black-body through an up-conversion interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 143904 (2014).
[Crossref]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, Third Edition (Academic Press, 2008), 3rd ed.

Carollo, C. M.

G. D. Illingworth, D. Magee, P. A. Oesch, R. J. Bouwens, I. Labbé, M. Stiavelli, P. G. van Dokkum, M. Franx, M. Trenti, C. M. Carollo, and V. Gonzalez, “The hst extreme deep field (xdf): Combining all acs and wfc3/ir data on the hudf region into the deepest field ever,” The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 209, 6 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ceus, D.

J.-T. Gomes, L. Delage, R. Baudoin, L. Grossard, L. Bouyeron, D. Ceus, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of spatial-coherence analysis of a black-body through an up-conversion interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 143904 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Ceus, L. Delage, L. Grossard, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Contrast and phase closure acquisitions in photon counting regime using a frequency upconversion interferometer for high angular resolution imaging,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 430, 1529–1537 (2013).
[Crossref]

J.-T. Gomes, L. Grossard, D. Ceus, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Demonstration of a frequency spectral compression effect through an up-conversion interferometer,” Opt. Express 21, 3073–3082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y.-H.

Cirac, J. I.

B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. I. Cirac, J. Fiurasek, and E. S. Polzik, “Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light,” Nature 432, 482–486 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Greve, K.

K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delage, L.

J.-T. Gomes, L. Delage, R. Baudoin, L. Grossard, L. Bouyeron, D. Ceus, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of spatial-coherence analysis of a black-body through an up-conversion interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 143904 (2014).
[Crossref]

J.-T. Gomes, L. Grossard, D. Ceus, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Demonstration of a frequency spectral compression effect through an up-conversion interferometer,” Opt. Express 21, 3073–3082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Ceus, L. Delage, L. Grossard, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Contrast and phase closure acquisitions in photon counting regime using a frequency upconversion interferometer for high angular resolution imaging,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 430, 1529–1537 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fallahi, P.

W. B. Gao, P. Fallahi, E. Togan, J. Miguel-Sanchez, and A. Imamoglu, “Observation of entanglement between a quantum dot spin and a single photon,” Nature 491, 426–430 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fejer, M. M.

P. S. Kuo, J. S. Pelc, O. Slattery, Y.-S. Kim, M. M. Fejer, and X. Tang, “Reducing noise in single-photon-level frequency conversion,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1310 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Pelc, L. Ma, C. R. Phillips, Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Long-wavelength-pumped upconversion single-photon detector at 1550 nm: performance and noise analysis,” Opt. Express 19, 21445 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fiurasek, J.

B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. I. Cirac, J. Fiurasek, and E. S. Polzik, “Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light,” Nature 432, 482–486 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Forchel, A.

K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fox, N. P.

N. P. Fox, “Trap detectors and their properties,” Metrologia 28, 197 (1991).
[Crossref]

Franx, M.

G. D. Illingworth, D. Magee, P. A. Oesch, R. J. Bouwens, I. Labbé, M. Stiavelli, P. G. van Dokkum, M. Franx, M. Trenti, C. M. Carollo, and V. Gonzalez, “The hst extreme deep field (xdf): Combining all acs and wfc3/ir data on the hudf region into the deepest field ever,” The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 209, 6 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fujiwara, M.

R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Observation of two output light pulses from a partial wavelength converter preserving phase of an input light at a single-photon level,” Opt. Express 21, 27865–27872 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, and N. Imoto, “Nonclassical two-photon interference between independent telecommunication light pulses converted by difference-frequency generation,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 042317 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gao, W. B.

W. B. Gao, P. Fallahi, E. Togan, J. Miguel-Sanchez, and A. Imamoglu, “Observation of entanglement between a quantum dot spin and a single photon,” Nature 491, 426–430 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gomes, J.-T.

J.-T. Gomes, L. Delage, R. Baudoin, L. Grossard, L. Bouyeron, D. Ceus, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of spatial-coherence analysis of a black-body through an up-conversion interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 143904 (2014).
[Crossref]

J.-T. Gomes, L. Grossard, D. Ceus, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Demonstration of a frequency spectral compression effect through an up-conversion interferometer,” Opt. Express 21, 3073–3082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gonzalez, V.

G. D. Illingworth, D. Magee, P. A. Oesch, R. J. Bouwens, I. Labbé, M. Stiavelli, P. G. van Dokkum, M. Franx, M. Trenti, C. M. Carollo, and V. Gonzalez, “The hst extreme deep field (xdf): Combining all acs and wfc3/ir data on the hudf region into the deepest field ever,” The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 209, 6 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grossard, L.

J.-T. Gomes, L. Delage, R. Baudoin, L. Grossard, L. Bouyeron, D. Ceus, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of spatial-coherence analysis of a black-body through an up-conversion interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 143904 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Ceus, L. Delage, L. Grossard, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Contrast and phase closure acquisitions in photon counting regime using a frequency upconversion interferometer for high angular resolution imaging,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 430, 1529–1537 (2013).
[Crossref]

J.-T. Gomes, L. Grossard, D. Ceus, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Demonstration of a frequency spectral compression effect through an up-conversion interferometer,” Opt. Express 21, 3073–3082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gulinatti, A.

S. Ates, I. Agha, A. Gulinatti, I. Rech, M. T. Rakher, A. Badolato, and K. Srinivasan, “Two-photon interference using background-free quantum frequency conversion of single photons emitted by an InAs quantum dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 147405 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hadfield, R. H.

K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hepp, C.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W.-M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 147404 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herrmann, H.

J.-T. Gomes, L. Delage, R. Baudoin, L. Grossard, L. Bouyeron, D. Ceus, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of spatial-coherence analysis of a black-body through an up-conversion interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 143904 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Ceus, L. Delage, L. Grossard, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Contrast and phase closure acquisitions in photon counting regime using a frequency upconversion interferometer for high angular resolution imaging,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 430, 1529–1537 (2013).
[Crossref]

J.-T. Gomes, L. Grossard, D. Ceus, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Demonstration of a frequency spectral compression effect through an up-conversion interferometer,” Opt. Express 21, 3073–3082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hofling, S.

K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ikuta, R.

R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, and N. Imoto, “Nonclassical two-photon interference between independent telecommunication light pulses converted by difference-frequency generation,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 042317 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Observation of two output light pulses from a partial wavelength converter preserving phase of an input light at a single-photon level,” Opt. Express 21, 27865–27872 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat. Commun. 2, 1544 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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G. D. Illingworth, D. Magee, P. A. Oesch, R. J. Bouwens, I. Labbé, M. Stiavelli, P. G. van Dokkum, M. Franx, M. Trenti, C. M. Carollo, and V. Gonzalez, “The hst extreme deep field (xdf): Combining all acs and wfc3/ir data on the hudf region into the deepest field ever,” The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 209, 6 (2013).
[Crossref]

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W. B. Gao, P. Fallahi, E. Togan, J. Miguel-Sanchez, and A. Imamoglu, “Observation of entanglement between a quantum dot spin and a single photon,” Nature 491, 426–430 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, and N. Imoto, “Nonclassical two-photon interference between independent telecommunication light pulses converted by difference-frequency generation,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 042317 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Observation of two output light pulses from a partial wavelength converter preserving phase of an input light at a single-photon level,” Opt. Express 21, 27865–27872 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat. Commun. 2, 1544 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. I. Cirac, J. Fiurasek, and E. S. Polzik, “Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light,” Nature 432, 482–486 (2004).
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K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
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R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, and N. Imoto, “Nonclassical two-photon interference between independent telecommunication light pulses converted by difference-frequency generation,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 042317 (2013).
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R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Observation of two output light pulses from a partial wavelength converter preserving phase of an input light at a single-photon level,” Opt. Express 21, 27865–27872 (2013).
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R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat. Commun. 2, 1544 (2011).
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K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
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R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat. Commun. 2, 1544 (2011).
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R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, and N. Imoto, “Nonclassical two-photon interference between independent telecommunication light pulses converted by difference-frequency generation,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 042317 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Observation of two output light pulses from a partial wavelength converter preserving phase of an input light at a single-photon level,” Opt. Express 21, 27865–27872 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat. Commun. 2, 1544 (2011).
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R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, and N. Imoto, “Nonclassical two-photon interference between independent telecommunication light pulses converted by difference-frequency generation,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 042317 (2013).
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R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Observation of two output light pulses from a partial wavelength converter preserving phase of an input light at a single-photon level,” Opt. Express 21, 27865–27872 (2013).
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Kusaka, Y.

R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat. Commun. 2, 1544 (2011).
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K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
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S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W.-M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 147404 (2012).
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Miguel-Sanchez, J.

W. B. Gao, P. Fallahi, E. Togan, J. Miguel-Sanchez, and A. Imamoglu, “Observation of entanglement between a quantum dot spin and a single photon,” Nature 491, 426–430 (2012).
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R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, and N. Imoto, “Nonclassical two-photon interference between independent telecommunication light pulses converted by difference-frequency generation,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 042317 (2013).
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R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Observation of two output light pulses from a partial wavelength converter preserving phase of an input light at a single-photon level,” Opt. Express 21, 27865–27872 (2013).
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K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
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G. D. Illingworth, D. Magee, P. A. Oesch, R. J. Bouwens, I. Labbé, M. Stiavelli, P. G. van Dokkum, M. Franx, M. Trenti, C. M. Carollo, and V. Gonzalez, “The hst extreme deep field (xdf): Combining all acs and wfc3/ir data on the hudf region into the deepest field ever,” The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 209, 6 (2013).
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A. J. Pearlman, S. V. Polyakov, A. Migdall, and S. W. Nam, “Number-resolving, single photon detection with no deadtime,” in “Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies,” (Optical Society of America, 2008), p. JThA56.

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P. S. Kuo, J. S. Pelc, O. Slattery, Y.-S. Kim, M. M. Fejer, and X. Tang, “Reducing noise in single-photon-level frequency conversion,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1310 (2013).
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Polzik, E. S.

B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. I. Cirac, J. Fiurasek, and E. S. Polzik, “Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light,” Nature 432, 482–486 (2004).
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S. Ates, I. Agha, A. Gulinatti, I. Rech, M. T. Rakher, A. Badolato, and K. Srinivasan, “Two-photon interference using background-free quantum frequency conversion of single photons emitted by an InAs quantum dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 147405 (2012).
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R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, and N. Imoto, “Nonclassical two-photon interference between independent telecommunication light pulses converted by difference-frequency generation,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 042317 (2013).
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K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
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B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. I. Cirac, J. Fiurasek, and E. S. Polzik, “Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light,” Nature 432, 482–486 (2004).
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Sohler, W.

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D. Ceus, L. Delage, L. Grossard, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Contrast and phase closure acquisitions in photon counting regime using a frequency upconversion interferometer for high angular resolution imaging,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 430, 1529–1537 (2013).
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R. Ikuta, T. Kobayashi, H. Kato, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Observation of two output light pulses from a partial wavelength converter preserving phase of an input light at a single-photon level,” Opt. Express 21, 27865–27872 (2013).
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R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat. Commun. 2, 1544 (2011).
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S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W.-M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 147404 (2012).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. HWP - half-wave plate; DM - dichroic mirror; BPF - band-pass filter; SMF - single-mode fiber, TES - transition edge sensor.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Internal quantum efficiencies of up-conversion versus coupled pump power for two PPLN crystals.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Distribution of detected TES waveforms vs. discriminating amplitude threshold level. An integrated amplitude histogram of counts above threshold value with no input light (blue dots, error bars correspond to standard deviation of measured counts, logarithmic scale); measured peak amplitude histograms of 10000 detection events for 577 nm (green circles) and 920 nm (red circles), labeled and shown with Gaussian fits on a linear scale. For each data series, a corresponding vertical scale is labeled with a matching color. The choice of the threshold V0 defines the TES wavelength sensitivity and DCR.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

TES waveform histograms of amplitudes versus FWHM durations for (a) attenuated up-converted light texposure ≈ 1 s, Nwaveforms = 10000, (b) up-conversion background noise texposure = 4 × 104 s, number of accepted waveforms Nwaveforms = 203, (c) DCR texposure = 4 × 104 s, number of accepted waveforms Nwaveforms = 91. Pale blue background shows the bounds on duration and amplitude used in waveform post-selection. Red background represents rejected waveforms. Note: not all rejected waveforms are shown, because their amplitudes and/or durations exceed the axes limits in this plot.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measurement of the up-converter’s background. TES waveforms collected in a 4 × 104 s measurements (a) for background upconversion noise; (b) dark counts. Waveforms that are inside the bounds given in Fig 4 are shown in blue, and the others are shown in red.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Performance of the upconverters measured by two detectors (TES and SPAD) at the output wavelength of 577 nm. Two pump wavelengths λpump, 1550 nm and 920 nm, were tested. The efficiency of the SFG process is defined as the upconverted photons/incident photons. The DCR for the SPAD is the due to the detector alone. The DCR for the TES includes some amount of light leakage into the long fiber needed to reach the location of the TES system. The SFG background as measured is the photon count rate minus the DCR. This value includes losses due to optics transmission, coupling, and detection inefficiency. The inferred value is that same rate adjusted for those losses to obtain the background generated by the SFG process alone. One standard deviation statistical uncertainties are indicated.

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