Abstract

Based on a self-injection locking scheme and the nonlinear amplification effect of a semiconductor optical amplifier, a low intensity noise amplified ultrashort cavity single-frequency fiber laser at 978 nm is demonstrated with a final output power of > 230 mW and a broad temperature range of > 15 °C for single-longitudinal-mode operation. The effective cavity length of the fiber oscillator is less than 6 mm, comprising a 3.5-mm-long highly Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber and a pair of fiber Bragg gratings. For the frequency range from 1.8 to 10 MHz, the relative intensity noise close to –150 dB/Hz is achieved. The signal-to-noise ratio of > 68 dB and the laser linewidth of < 10 kHz are obtained. Such narrow linewidth low noise 978 nm laser is promising, as the high-performance pump source or the efficient blue and UV light sources after nonlinear frequency conversion.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2016 (3)

2015 (3)

2013 (2)

2012 (3)

X. Zhu, W. Shi, J. Zong, D. Nguyen, R. A. Norwood, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “976 nm single-frequency distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4167–4169 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yamada, “Analysis of intensity and frequency noises in semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(8), 980–990 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Chang, J. Ni, C. Wang, Z. Sun, P. Wang, G. Lv, and G. Peng, “Suppression of the intensity noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers by self-injection locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(10), 739–743 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

P. Zhou, Y. Ma, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, and Z. Liu, “Coherent beam combination of three two-tone fiber amplifiers using stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm,” Opt. Lett. 34(19), 2939–2941 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lee, M. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. Urbanek, R. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

S. Foster, A. Tikhomirov, and M. Milnes, “Fundamental thermal noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(5), 378–384 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Valling, B. Ståhlberg, and Å. Lindberg, “Tunable feedback loop for suppression of relaxation oscillations in a diode-pumped Nd: YVO4 laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(1), 82–85 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. J. Kontur, I. Dajani, Y. Lu, and R. J. Knize, “Frequency-doubling of a CW fiber laser using PPKTP, PPMgSLT, and PPMgLN,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12882–12889 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

E. Rønnekleiv, “Frequency and intensity noise of single frequency fiber Bragg grating lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 7(3), 206–235 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

Alam, S. A.

Andrés, M. V.

Barmenkov, Y. O.

Byer, R.

Y. Lee, M. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. Urbanek, R. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chang, J.

Y. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Chang, J. Ni, C. Wang, Z. Sun, P. Wang, G. Lv, and G. Peng, “Suppression of the intensity noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers by self-injection locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(10), 739–743 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chavez-Pirson, A.

Chen, D.

Chen, X.

Cruz, J. L.

Dajani, I.

Deng, H.

Y. Zhang, C. Li, S. Xu, H. Deng, Z. Feng, C. Yang, X. Huang, Y. Zhang, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “A broad continuous temperature tunable DBR single-frequency fiber laser at 1064 nm,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhao, S. Xu, K. Zhou, C. Yang, C. Li, Z. Feng, M. Peng, H. Deng, and Z. Yang, “Broad-bandwidth near-shot-noise-limited intensity noise suppression of a single-frequency fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1333–1335 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Feng, C. Li, S. Xu, X. Huang, C. Yang, K. Zhou, J. Gan, H. Deng, and Z. Yang, “Significant intensity noise suppression of single-frequency fiber laser via cascading semiconductor optical amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(9), 095101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Digonnet, M.

Y. Lee, M. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. Urbanek, R. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dong, B.

Feng, Z.

Feng, Z. M.

Foster, S.

S. Foster, A. Tikhomirov, and M. Milnes, “Fundamental thermal noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(5), 378–384 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fu, L. B.

Gan, J.

Y. Zhang, C. Li, S. Xu, H. Deng, Z. Feng, C. Yang, X. Huang, Y. Zhang, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “A broad continuous temperature tunable DBR single-frequency fiber laser at 1064 nm,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Feng, C. Li, S. Xu, X. Huang, C. Yang, K. Zhou, J. Gan, H. Deng, and Z. Yang, “Significant intensity noise suppression of single-frequency fiber laser via cascading semiconductor optical amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(9), 095101 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, S. Xu, X. Huang, Y. Xiao, Z. Feng, C. Yang, K. Zhou, W. Lin, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “All-optical frequency and intensity noise suppression of single-frequency fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 1964–1967 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geng, J.

Gong, W.

Grant, K. J.

Grudinin, A. B.

Guo, H.

Han, M.

Hanna, D. C.

Hou, Y.

Hu, Y.

Huang, X.

Y. Zhang, C. Li, S. Xu, H. Deng, Z. Feng, C. Yang, X. Huang, Y. Zhang, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “A broad continuous temperature tunable DBR single-frequency fiber laser at 1064 nm,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Feng, C. Li, S. Xu, X. Huang, C. Yang, K. Zhou, J. Gan, H. Deng, and Z. Yang, “Significant intensity noise suppression of single-frequency fiber laser via cascading semiconductor optical amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(9), 095101 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, S. Xu, X. Huang, Y. Xiao, Z. Feng, C. Yang, K. Zhou, W. Lin, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “All-optical frequency and intensity noise suppression of single-frequency fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 1964–1967 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, J. N.

Jiang, S.

Y. Lee, M. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. Urbanek, R. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003),” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 57–62 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z. H.

Kaneda, Y.

Knize, R. J.

Kontur, F. J.

Lee, Y.

Y. Lee, M. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. Urbanek, R. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Lin, W.

Lin, Z.

Lindberg, Å.

S. Valling, B. Ståhlberg, and Å. Lindberg, “Tunable feedback loop for suppression of relaxation oscillations in a diode-pumped Nd: YVO4 laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(1), 82–85 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, T.

Liu, Z.

Lu, H.

Lu, Y.

Luo, B.

Lv, G.

Y. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Chang, J. Ni, C. Wang, Z. Sun, P. Wang, G. Lv, and G. Peng, “Suppression of the intensity noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers by self-injection locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(10), 739–743 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ma, H.

Ma, Y.

Milnes, M.

S. Foster, A. Tikhomirov, and M. Milnes, “Fundamental thermal noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(5), 378–384 (2007).
[Crossref]

Minelly, J. D.

Mo, S.

Moore, J.

Nguyen, D.

Ni, J.

Y. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Chang, J. Ni, C. Wang, Z. Sun, P. Wang, G. Lv, and G. Peng, “Suppression of the intensity noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers by self-injection locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(10), 739–743 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nilsson, J.

Norwood, R. A.

Paschotta, R.

Peng, G.

Y. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Chang, J. Ni, C. Wang, Z. Sun, P. Wang, G. Lv, and G. Peng, “Suppression of the intensity noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers by self-injection locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(10), 739–743 (2012).
[Crossref]

Peng, M.

Peng, X.

Peyghambarian, N.

Pradhan, S.

Qian, Q.

Qiu, J.

Rønnekleiv, E.

E. Rønnekleiv, “Frequency and intensity noise of single frequency fiber Bragg grating lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 7(3), 206–235 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sahu, J. K.

Selves, R.

Shen, S.

Shi, W.

Sinha, S.

Y. Lee, M. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. Urbanek, R. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Spiegelberg, C.

Ståhlberg, B.

S. Valling, B. Ståhlberg, and Å. Lindberg, “Tunable feedback loop for suppression of relaxation oscillations in a diode-pumped Nd: YVO4 laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(1), 82–85 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

Y. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Chang, J. Ni, C. Wang, Z. Sun, P. Wang, G. Lv, and G. Peng, “Suppression of the intensity noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers by self-injection locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(10), 739–743 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tikhomirov, A.

S. Foster, A. Tikhomirov, and M. Milnes, “Fundamental thermal noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(5), 378–384 (2007).
[Crossref]

Torres-Peiró, S.

Town, G. E.

Tropper, A. C.

Turner, P. W.

Urbanek, K.

Y. Lee, M. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. Urbanek, R. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Valling, S.

S. Valling, B. Ståhlberg, and Å. Lindberg, “Tunable feedback loop for suppression of relaxation oscillations in a diode-pumped Nd: YVO4 laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(1), 82–85 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, A.

Wang, C.

Y. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Chang, J. Ni, C. Wang, Z. Sun, P. Wang, G. Lv, and G. Peng, “Suppression of the intensity noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers by self-injection locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(10), 739–743 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

Y. Hou, Q. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Frequency- and intensity-noise suppression in Yb3+-doped single-frequency fiber laser by a passive optical-feedback loop,” Opt. Express 24(12), 12991–12999 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Chang, J. Ni, C. Wang, Z. Sun, P. Wang, G. Lv, and G. Peng, “Suppression of the intensity noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers by self-injection locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(10), 739–743 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Y. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Chang, J. Ni, C. Wang, Z. Sun, P. Wang, G. Lv, and G. Peng, “Suppression of the intensity noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers by self-injection locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(10), 739–743 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

Wei, X.

Wilson, D.

Wu, T.

Xiao, Y.

Xu, S.

Xu, S. H.

Xu, X.

Yamada, M.

M. Yamada, “Analysis of intensity and frequency noises in semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(8), 980–990 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

Yang, W.

Yang, Z.

Yang, Z. M.

Ylä-Jarkko, K. H.

Zalvidea, D.

Zhan, Y.

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, Q. Y.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, W. N.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, C. Li, S. Xu, H. Deng, Z. Feng, C. Yang, X. Huang, Y. Zhang, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “A broad continuous temperature tunable DBR single-frequency fiber laser at 1064 nm,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, C. Li, S. Xu, H. Deng, Z. Feng, C. Yang, X. Huang, Y. Zhang, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “A broad continuous temperature tunable DBR single-frequency fiber laser at 1064 nm,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Q.

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Chang, J. Ni, C. Wang, Z. Sun, P. Wang, G. Lv, and G. Peng, “Suppression of the intensity noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers by self-injection locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(10), 739–743 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y.

Zhou, K.

Zhou, P.

Zhu, X.

Zhu, Y.

Zong, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Yamada, “Analysis of intensity and frequency noises in semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(8), 980–990 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Foster, A. Tikhomirov, and M. Milnes, “Fundamental thermal noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(5), 378–384 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Lee, M. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. Urbanek, R. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

Y. Zhang, C. Li, S. Xu, H. Deng, Z. Feng, C. Yang, X. Huang, Y. Zhang, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “A broad continuous temperature tunable DBR single-frequency fiber laser at 1064 nm,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Chang, J. Ni, C. Wang, Z. Sun, P. Wang, G. Lv, and G. Peng, “Suppression of the intensity noise in distributed feedback fiber lasers by self-injection locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(10), 739–743 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Feng, C. Li, S. Xu, X. Huang, C. Yang, K. Zhou, J. Gan, H. Deng, and Z. Yang, “Significant intensity noise suppression of single-frequency fiber laser via cascading semiconductor optical amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(9), 095101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

E. Rønnekleiv, “Frequency and intensity noise of single frequency fiber Bragg grating lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 7(3), 206–235 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

S. Valling, B. Ståhlberg, and Å. Lindberg, “Tunable feedback loop for suppression of relaxation oscillations in a diode-pumped Nd: YVO4 laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(1), 82–85 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (10)

Q. Zhao, S. Xu, K. Zhou, C. Yang, C. Li, Z. Feng, M. Peng, H. Deng, and Z. Yang, “Broad-bandwidth near-shot-noise-limited intensity noise suppression of a single-frequency fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1333–1335 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Pradhan, G. E. Town, D. Wilson, and K. J. Grant, “Intensity noise reduction in a multiwavelength distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2963–2965 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Xu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Wei, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Q. Zhang, S. Shen, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, “400 mW ultrashort cavity low-noise single-frequency Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3708–3710 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Li, S. Xu, X. Huang, Y. Xiao, Z. Feng, C. Yang, K. Zhou, W. Lin, J. Gan, and Z. Yang, “All-optical frequency and intensity noise suppression of single-frequency fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 1964–1967 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Zhou, Y. Ma, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, and Z. Liu, “Coherent beam combination of three two-tone fiber amplifiers using stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm,” Opt. Lett. 34(19), 2939–2941 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wu, X. Peng, W. Gong, Y. Zhan, Z. Lin, B. Luo, and H. Guo, “Observation and optimization of 4He atomic polarization spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 986–988 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Nilsson, J. D. Minelly, R. Paschotta, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ring-doped cladding-pumped single-mode three-level fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 23(5), 355–357 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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X. Zhu, W. Shi, J. Zong, D. Nguyen, R. A. Norwood, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “976 nm single-frequency distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4167–4169 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

X. Zhu, W. Shi, J. Zong, D. Nguyen, R. Norwood, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber laser at 976 nm,” Proc. SPIE 8601, Fiber Lasers X: Technology, Systems, and Applications, 86010X (2013).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of the amplified 978 nm ultrashort cavity low noise single-frequency DBR fiber laser. WDM–915/980 nm wavelength division multiplexer, LD–laser diode, SOA–semiconductor optical amplifier, and OC–optical circulator.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Measured SLM temperature range versus the wavelength changing range. Inset: longitudinal modes characteristics of the fiber laser measured by the FPI. (b) Amplified laser power versus the driving current of the SOA. Inset: power stability of the laser in 8 h.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Measured spectra of the laser after the WDM, the SOA and the ISO 2, respectively. (b) Measured RINs of the laser and the shot noise limit is also shown for comparison.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Measured self-heterodyne signals using a 6-km-long fiber delay.

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